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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, November 25, 1906, Part II, Editorial Section, Image 11

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1906-11-25/ed-1/seq-11/

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Correspondence of The Journal.
"Wharf -tlx
LEVELAND, Ohio, Nov. 19.
Cleveland may with propriety be
called the father of the group
plan of public buildings in the United
States-^ At present, it may be said
that tins city has an ideal only, but
with some little progress made toward
its realization. It has done the pioneer
ing along this line and the delays inci
dent to the Cleveland development, may
possibly be avoided bv Minneapolis
and other cities, that take heed of the
stumbling blocks encountered in carry
ing out the Cleveland plans originally
mapped out.
The group plan here is the result of
a peculiar civic condition. The old
government building had been outJ
grown long before the old structure
wa3 abandoned and it was determined
to build a new one. At that time,
the foderal offices including the United
States court, the customs office and* the
postoffice, moved into an old office
building on Superior avenue. Cleve
land has never had what might properly
be called a city hall. The structure at
present used for this purpose is an old
office building that is leased. The delet
partment of scho.ols has been located
ill rented quarters. The courthouse'for
vears has been unsightly, located in a
forgotten portion of the public square
and out of the course of business as it
is conducted in Cleveland today. More
over, it is flanked on every side by.
modern and imposing office buildings
which intensify the insignificance of
the-old structure. The public library
was quartered for a number of years in
rooms provided by the public'schools,
by courtesy, but has since been quar
tered in a small brick "building, built
temporarily for this specific purpose.
The Union passenger station, occupied
by the Lake Shore, the Big Four and
the Pennsylvania, was erected in 1^65
and besides being one of the most di
lapidated structure in the city, is sit
uated in a most uncleanly, inconspic
uous and inaccessible place, under the
brow of the hill that .overlooks the
lake. The various public buildings of
the city, therefore, have been eyesores
for years.
One thing which has militated
against the erection of these new build
ings has been the .fact that the city has
been edging close upon its bond limit,
owing to elaborate expenditures for
public parks* street improvements and
other like purposes. Another thing
has been the rapid growth of the pity,
which has left the cfuestioa-^a^vpossible
future nee,ds very muckin doubte-*
government building, almost under roof,
is already declared inadequate^* the
coming needs of the city,anil an elab
oration of the original plan may be
necessary ultimately. It has been dif
ficult to get plans that would satisfy
all concerned that thev were adequate
for years to come and at the same time
keep the expenditures in such bounds
as would not overstep the bonded in
debtedness of the city provided by law.
It is hardly necessary to go into the
preliminaries of the original agitation
By Agnes Weston
rutur a nee,a very much.a doubt* Th 'heiitt* oft the original owner.-woul-d have
city has grown^sfej^ae* *tf fa** 'flrsrt"Hre ^Be^ rifn^^-^#tl^/
for a grouping of the city buildings, JS5PT f flaW -wl
It is sufficient to sav that the first work Stv th** 5S
was done be Cleveland architects,
who brought th matter to the attention of
the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce.
This body, in January, 1899, adopted a
resolution which called for a harmon
ious grouping of the public buildings
with one general scheme of architec
The new government building is be
ing erected at the corner of Superior
avenue and the public square on the
Dorothy Lsvitt, Who Claims to Havfe Beaten AH Records
Made by Her Sex in Motor Cars by Covering a ftilo-
meter at a Speed of Nearly 100 Miles an Hour, Now
Seeks Competitor Among Columbia's Daring Daughters.
Correspondence of The Journal.
ONDON, Nov. 15.If is any
woman in th1e5Unitedtther.e States .who
thinks she can equal or better
the record of nearly 100 miles an hour
in an automobile, she will now have the
chance, to win the title of world's
champion woman automobilist. Miss
Dorothy Levitt of London at present
claims the title and has many prizes,
won in various races, both in cars on
Li JES S^LS'lZiPt"^
records at, Blackpool,. by twice doing
me. "Please issue a challenge to
America thru your paper. I am willing
of tlfe3
north side, toward-the lake. This is
separated from the old city hall by a
.narrow street. -It is proposed to tear
down the old city hall and erect there a
building for. the public lilmtofv and
these two buildings are to form the
..entrance to the group plan, the street
between the two being widened. On
the west of the government building is
a quarter of the public sauare laid out
in the form of a park. On the east of
the public library is^to he small pub
lie park which will:
square park. Between the two build
ings will open a wide .street. which will
form the entrance to what, is to be. the
Mall. In the center, of this will be a
sunken garden, flanked on either side
by lawns, walks arid'driveways. Trees
will be set out there, trimmed to.a con
ventional. design. This -Mall-will lead
thru to the brow of the hill overlooking
the lake'. At the north or lake end
will be the new courthouse ^pn one side
and the city hall on the other.' The
architecture of both will be identical
with that oij| the government building
and the public library. The ground, has
been purchased for the site of* -the
courthouse and the contracts have been
for that "building. The "commission
having.charge, the erection of. this
structure decided upon granite, since
the government building is to be "of
granite. The difference in the cost is
some $200,000. The newspapers, mak
ing a strong plea for-favor with the
labor unions, have favored sandstone,
since that is "produced" in this territory.
The* contention has tied the contract up
ther-courtsoon an injunction. Over pe cent flie land ib the city
90 hall has been purchased and-recent re
ports have it that other ^pieces of
ground have since, been bofl^it.
The keystone' to the group plan is
supposed to be the new UUMHI passenger
station to be erected .by the itnree rail
roads using the old structure. This
building is much needed a*d the rail
roads :have made plans-thatwill entail
an outlay of between. ,$o,8#0,000 and
$7,000,000. In.- connection -.with this
building there will be an. ele-vated rail
road ficross the entire front of the city,
that is, across -.the-- lake frxmt and the
river bottom, -whieh are depressed
about 100 feet below the mean level of
the city. The railroads in order to get
possession of- the site, which will make
their station the -keystoWef ^tt*fce*grou
plan, will have to come into possession
of what is.know as Lake Front park.
This was deeded to the city as a public
park, with-tha*. provision that'ifft was
lever use?* foftj^ny other purpose.* the
th e^oJSnii
There has been another
THA dio+aflon
IJlJ'lL 5tIS thP ?onJJhn^f
four arm!* W ?'the
Jw MSJ ffe*
women automobile drivers, outside of
her car she Would scream at a mopse
ONDON No I tei any jg* SoSZ^t fULtfJ.^-
land and in motor boats on sea. Only DorShy qSSSed*^ heTpareTtfaYd
the other day she eclipsed all. women's
world's championship with an Amer-i
ican woman automobilist," she said to
riag mtl carv
to race either here or at Ormond i arranged her apprenticeship to a-firm
Beach, Fla. or elsewhere in the United
States. The conditions need be of the
simplest. I am wild to race an Amer
ican woman for the world's champion
ship. I must look to America for a
race. There is no one left in Europe
with whom to compete. I have beaten
them all, and badly, too. Mme. du
Gast, the French motorist, does not
drive a high-power machine. There are
only two real racing cars over here
the 200 horsepower Darracq, now the
of D. Guinness, and my 90
orsepower Napier, which has (iust been
sold to a South American millionaire.
It goes to Brazil in a few days. But
if my challenge is accepted in America,
I will build a ljew .racer. I will be a
90 horsepower, for I think I can handle
that best."
To read Dorothy Levitt's own words
or to look at her records one would at
once picture an Amazon. But she if far
from that. She is a very womanly
womanfairly tall, with a willowy fig
ure large and velvety brown eyes
bronze-colored hair well-shaped fea
tures with a large but. laughter-lit
mouth. Her muscles are like steell
She is the picture of health and a per
fect example of the well-groomed
faahionablc English woman.
mis] Levitt's is a romantic history.
In fiVe years
sheuniqureached thne
tree in her professio and
make^10/)00 a year. While this girl
of 25 is the most daring, and nerviest, of
M:MrsM^ ......u.r-.,-.V."
of French automobile makers on the
outskirts of Paris, and there Dorothy
Levitt went for 'six months.
While her parents,' searched every
where for her, altho they knew she was
& _
balancea the public
present- complications difficult to over
}ootafX ^*Tti &iy has tried to avoid
these conipncations, by purchasing the
reversions** rights in the property
with a view to turning them over to the
railroads. This has raised a publie
nne converted, into low saloons and along this Mall
public nostrils for years
has formed a black line, keeping the
better classes away from the Take front
at- its most attractive point.' Whereas
Cleveland was formerly located on thSe
rfion craduanv^et^nr^rtw
UaV-*ra^TVir~~t ~T~"*"\V
be bought and reclaimed.
mus^tn needs do the
hoped- that "the city government
the with the righbuying to sell it agains
r0 ndifficulty.
a rT th
onc S 8
0n if her
vnoi imanci. is necessary to the sue- a new music hall. The
cess of the group plan that this land i summer -home of John
an bom
father, who was in the government ser
vice, has retired on a pension to his
country house. When Dorothy was 20,
a marriage was arranged for her. The
man was nearly three times her age,London.
but'unlike the novelisVs' unusual story,
ra a
the flying^ometer in exac the to a married relative^n i another part of
game time24 3-5 seconds, which ap- London, who kept her secret well,
proaches 100 miles an hour.
I want to arrange a match for the ^TC?
introducer, her -.f.ge,fnend-who
the motorboa* race and
Edge was 'told the
woe .an suggested she
eer for herself. So he
buildings the Mall.located
it wouldalonge
oth eh
i wa
lik to see
places that, W been a stench the of "its offer-poverty i^piblfebnlldSnS that in vfew'of^ ^the^f act! that^Teve-
mis section has nothing that might be considered a land has so 'many conspicuous- old. sol
music hall. Big concerts are given in idiers an so many relics there ought
an armory wherte a companv of civic i be a .memorial building. on. the Mall,
soldiers makeCs^ its
the?Sand W??P^^ ^+S I
city is the
IX Rockefeller
well and happy, Dorothy was learning
the automobile business. She began at
the bottom as a wifer or ^cleaner and1
finished as a machinist and chauffeur.
She took an interest in .her work and
daily wore her blue, overalls and worked
alongside the others at the factory.
Then she returned to England and
imme'diatelv began learning, the ins and
outs of London traffic. Mr. Edge was
astonished at lioj quickly gathered pro
ficiency and at her nerve. She was
soon earning' & good salary teaching
women how Eo handle a car. She
taught a host of people, from the queen
and royal princesses down thru duch
esses,and countesses to plain, everyday
American visitors.
There happened about -this time to be
a reliability run
-The'jeity and. the"scene.of Jbis,early: business-^ca
and it i I reer. Hints, more pointed than diplo
matic, fcave Keen, made that' it would'
be a graceful act if Mr., Rockefeller
would donate,'such. a building to. the"
city. If these hints are ever of avail,
it- iff the intention to locate such a
building- on the Mall. Then' Cleveland
has been longing or, an art gallery.
is waiting for some openrhearted and
&enerousprson te-come along-and build
:that art gallery and .locate it on.the
Cleveland,^ with all Mall. Moreoverv it has been Suggested
mayy. amount necessary and bu
in somuec Way obtain th $2,500,000 (or buildingse located there
architecturrestrictions withath
te restrictions. These
*s naturally has an ide a
I shall harmoniz in
3 efforts salvationd and upbuilding, oFthe
the prat" get This" woul be,ealso a place where, the
does its drillinge. It is almost impos- have played at various times in the
Edinburgh to
Levit was one of the
360 competitors. She reached London
thirteenth,and won her .first prize-. a,nd
meda.l' thereby.. She did ail' her own
"repairs ,on .the-road and was not a bit
dismayed at, the hoodoo number.
"Thirteen is my lucky number and
Ertday .ray lucky day,'-' iRe told me..
Once in the public eye, Miss Levitt
went up with a rush. She was a com
petitor in the motorboat race at Cowes,
Isle of Wight the first* contest of the
kind held.anywhere. Miss Levitt won
this big and. exciting race and WASworld's*
afterwards taken on board the royal
yacht and presented to King Edward,
who congratulated her on her pluck and
skill. A few days later she raced
again at Trouville against all the
world's' cracks, and won the five-mile
Viei^ of ^tl^K^al^rQtLp^Ian of T?ziblic
th part Cleveland.soldiers
ings of like nature would about take
up. the space.
The Cleveland Chamber of Commerce
haB" been the motive power. in pushing
this plan to the front. I depends first
OIL-the will of the city council, which is
-subject, of course, to 'the vote of the
people. Besides, assistance must come
the state legislature and there
must be co-operation between the 'city
and the state body, in all.of the work.
There have to be considered also the
wishes of the commission in charge of
these buildings, which has been given
legal status by a vote of the city
council and the state legislature. The
library board has to be taken into con
sideration, as well as the school council
and the board of county commissionersr
It has been ourid~ that a plan of this
magnitude rests, most, securely., upon
old soldiers and sailors might congre-i perfect harmony. of purpose and idea
gate. These with other plans for build-1 on-the part of the state, the county and
championship of the sea'- and
the $1,750 cup.
She tried racing on land after that,
and in-cars of increasing power won
trophy after trophy.. Her biggest race
was last July, in the-Brlghtpn. handicap.
She drove 'ah. 80 horsepower Napier.
Mme. du Gast's car was 35 horsepower,
and the French champion'had a-very
big allowance, bat Miss Levitt wore
down all \her opponents, the cracks, of
Europe, and by her superb-nerve'won
by a block.
She has cups and shields and medals
galore, and has received dozens of prize
checks for hill climbing, endurance and
reliability trials. Only'-the other'day
she won a small car trial at--Hereford
,with her pet machine, a baby 8-horsc-
power,.which she built herself in Paris.
This is one of the daintiest cars in
London. I has most graceful curves
and lines, such as are seldom seen on
automobiles. The coloring is white
picked out with green. _..-
MissX*evitt has had-plenty^ of narrow
escapes. At Blackpool, for instance,
during the speed, trials,/ two,-= dogs,
three children, and-finally three, more
dogs came out on the track and'triedto
ciross over.- Miss Levitt' spoiled her
trials, but managed with splendid work
save the children. History doeB not
tell what happened to iihedogs.
Again at Worcester^ "JiiH(
Tier car was $hfe/,only qne,
sKidf wheels. Going arounjfcone* inarp
bend, fte'r e^r, ibeffan skidd*g:
Tiijvftt, *tho rthe f.-crowd ^d&a^scaliy
sarieXed =to her tp,-3ump 7 fceia,- t^ht'-t'o
hey steering .W5heel:a,nd JS#tys vinyier5
me=-bal aa :i^^ i^ijWtshe %mp%a$Mha
there was nothing but a sheer, precipice
40a-feetdeep r.
.the city,-with one definite purpose .ha.-
yiew. The changes wrought-in' these
governments by political- changes, .nat-i
U^aljy result first in one delay anchthen
another. -It'has taken seven-years-'fot:
Cleveland to get even a respectable*
start in this matter. I will'take many,
more years before much is really ac
complished. But public sentiment haa
been growing:,so.,strongly in favor of
the plan that-thoie is hardly likely to
be any real interruption in-the plans in
future, no- matter how serious delays
may .become. The really ,vi,tal thing,
theref ore^in the~ whole scheme -is such
an education of. the public as will make
the demand stron^upon. the- legislators
for such an improvement, after which
patience and hard conscientious work
are the prime requisites.
As to .the.-cost, it is. now, estimated
tha the. structures, planned, will,,net
Cleyeland an expenditure or between
Atthe..last.Blackpool, speed trials,
while she was going at.fully ninety-six
miles an hourit' was a standing start
T--esne of the straps on the bonnet broke
andl the wind got under, the .big steel
boats to ride, inj #Qor skates to walk
on7 and,.a screw-propeller to push a
awfiminer-thru thM^ter,: it begins to
^ook as t,ho the ^^MS-iiir physical cul
jture^ad ^little^jt^^^^t -'en^nr itself,
while a gasolene^|^:dpBB the work.
Of"all the varieaia$^ation
!$13'000,di*& aie! $ltf,000 000. for the four
buildings alone and the Mall. This will
not inclnde thef Union passenger sta
tion, the music hall, the art museum,'or
jany semi-public buildings. I will in
chide, however, the government build
ing,, vhieh is to cost $3,00a,000, and the.
courthouse, which will cost $3,000,000,
and the public library and city hall,
ithe cost of which has not been deter
mined. It will also include the put
chase, of titie land for' the Mall and
along the Mall to be sold later to the
other semi-public institutions.
One of the expected effects of this
group plan, is to give, Cleveland the
most effective arrangement of public
buildings in. the country and to reclaim
the "bad lands" and convert .them
into a new retail business.-center of the
city,: which will front as naturally .on*
the lake as does.the,business center of
envelope *nd -blew it back. Miss Ifev
itt put the brakes on-slowly at nrrt
and then' jammed them down hard.
The car stonped just as the last screw
gave way and the bonnet flew back.'
If it had gone back/while at the furious
ace ninety-six miles the hour, the
steel covering would either nave
crushed to death the' woman driver or'
else cut her head off.
I asked Miss Levitt what her sens*
tions were in ^oing at this awful pac*.
"Wonderfnl," she answered. "Ono
can hardly' describe one's sensations.
There is a feeling of flying thru spaa*.-
I never think of danger. That soft
of thing won't do. But I know is
omnipresent. The slightest touch of
the. hand and the ear swerves, and'
swerves are usually fatal. But I am a
good gambler ana always willing to
take the chance. I going that pace,
the hardest, thing is tor Keep in the s*.
Half the time the wheels don't tontih.
the ground at all and when they do
touch yon must be prepared to take the
shock and lurch or else out you will g.
It is far harder work to sxt in- a aur*
than. to. ride. a galloping, horse oyer ..the
jumps in a steeplechase. When I made
the records I was in the car alone. I
prefer it."
i'.f-.i.t'. iZiiii&>f !..v-. ,T.-*'j
.-'{*.--*)'?gffi{ ^fr^
^What with
ii^^^ills^aya molbif
motoV^the" IvW^ming bnftt^
^unique. Its utiH^lgeuld seem doubt-
Borne has'"seminaries and "monasteries" repre
senting eighty-seven different, orders,, and the
number Is steadily Increasing. There are 180
convents, ninety-four of Which devote themselves
to education- and hospital duties.
ful, blit as a, curiosity "or amusement it'
is worth knowing
M. i :Constantini of Paris, who in- ',5
vented the mo^or skate, has brought
out. a, motor swiBtmin^f- device,, which Tia
consists of **& waterproof casing Qonr^l
taming a gasolene.motor which arhrtir-iyf
a screw* The machine is strapped to i
the swimmer'BV bact and propels him
jthrn .tjte water at. a rate faster than liev-s-s
wonld^awim, am^ of course, witho\^v^%
to $o*t iraefimexgrw gi-fig^l

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