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UNDER A SHARP FIRE
Des Moines Civic League Wins
Important Victory and Will
Special to The Journal.
Des Moines. Iowa, Nov. 24.The
Civic leaguo or Des Moines won a vic
tory against the Des Moines City Bail
way company in the state supreme
court when that body handed down an
opinion sustaining ttie right of the
league to be a party to quo warranto
proceedings against the company. The
opinion also sustained the right of the
state to bring proceedings against the
street railway company to determine
the validity of its franchise.
Now that its right to d,o so has been
established the Civic league will push
the quo warranto proceedings against
the railway company. An interesting
question is involved as the streetcar
people say they have a perpetual fran
chise to use the streets of the city.
They base this contention on the so
^called Turner franchise given before
the state law was passed making it un
lawful to grant perpetual rights to any
EXPRESS RATES BOOSTED
Agents Say They Simply Had to Do It
Special to The Journal.
Fargo, N. Nov 24.On the ground
that they areMforce. to make changes
under the ruling of the interstate com
merce commission, the express agents
here have made a rearrangement of the
rates from the smaller towns into Far
go. The changes affect poultry, cream
ery butter and similar shipments. In
a few instances the rates have been
lowered, but an advance is the general
The desertion of her twin daughters,
aged 9 years, is charged against Mrs.
Buckmeieter, who has disappeared. One
of the little girls found a home with a
relative, but the other wandered on the
streets until cared for at the children's
WOMEN, HE DECLARES,
COULD THE FIGHT
Mannix of Sioux Falls Has a Plan
to Put the Catalog Houses
Z. J. MANNIX,
Who Advocates the Organization
Special to The Journal.
Sioux Falls,* S. D., Nov. 24.E. J.
Mannix, editor, of the Commercial
News, of this city, and brother of
"Jo e" Mannix, the veteran twin city
newspaper man, suggests a novel plan
for waging an effective campaign
against the big catalog houses of the
For eight or nine years, or ever since
he commenced the publication of the
Commercial News, E. J, Mannix has
carried on a systematic fight against
the eastern catalog Houses, his publica
tion being devoted to the interests of
the jobber, the commercial traveler and
the retail merchant.
The plan suggested by him is the
formation of clubs by the ladies of the
various cities and towns, with the ob
ject of aiding in the campaign for the
arousing of sentiment in favor of pa
tronizing home industries and home
merchants. It is gallantly contended
that if the ladies, who arencouragin in reality
the purchasing agents ofo households,
were once arousetradingthDand v, the importance
they bigcomparatively catalog houseshort would,
ing brought to bear1
STATE Lf GUN SAVE
A ROMANTIC RESORT
Bock Crushers to Despoil Devils
Lake Scene Unless Common
Special to b Tpnraal.
Baraboo, Wis., Nov. 24.The proposal
of the American Refractory company of
West Virginia to establish a rock
crushing pla'nt at Devils Lake, Wis.,
has caused an outburst Jbf sentiment in
favor of making this ^beauter spot a
state part. The West, Virginia 1som
pany, of which W. C. Rodgers of Pitts
burg is the acting head, will,- If its
work is not interfered with, ruin the
cliffs which have made X)evils Lake one
of the most noted'spots in America.
It wad at Devils Lake's fajnous old
inn, according to one story, that, Henry
W. Longfellow wrote Hiawatha, The
scenery is sufficiently sublime to give
inspiration for even such a classic as
Longfellow's great epic, and to save
the scenery is the cry of thousands of
Devils lake is a large body water
sunk in a pit of quartzite, without in
let or outlet, and the depth of the lake
in some spots is too great for any
sounding^to be made. The quartzite
with which the shores pf the lake are
lined is extremely valuable for pavings
purposes and cement making.
Special Crusher Devised.
Several efforts have been made to
quarry the rock for crushing purposes,
but it has always beenfoundV until now,
too hard for machinery yet devised to
conquer. Last year, however, Mr.
Rodgers, acting for the Pittsburg Steel
company, was in the neighborhood of
Baraboo inspecting the Sauk county
iron formation. He secured a large
acreage for the Pittsburg company,
which is not being developed, and pre
pared for mining, but "during his stay
in Baraboo, he made a trip_to Devils
lake, only a few miles distant. He
inspected the rock, and working with
the American Refractory company, was
able with that company's experts to
devise a crusher which would pulverize
.His next step was to purchase for the
West Virginia company the fifty-seven
acre tract of Mrs. E. Peters, on the
shore of tke lake, where the cliffs are
least abrupt. Tho the cliff here is not
so high and'steep as at other parts of
the lake, the tract purchased is on the
north half of the east bluff of the lake,
which includes the finest scenery.
Lake Without a Beach.
To tear away the rock on the Peters
farm will ruin the appearance of this
part of the lake. This farm is the only
place where it is possible to make a
descent to the lake, without using the
artificial steps and rsads which have
been cut out of the heart of the cliffs..
At all other points the cliffs rise sheer
300 feet straight above the lake.
Devils lake has no tieack at any
point. The nearest approach is the
'cutting made to the foot of the hill on
the Peters farm, where a railroad had
laid two tracks a few feet above the
Gave Inspiration, to Longfellow.
At the to of th higheste cliffe thfe
Cliff house, the famous inn whichs has
beeu th home Longfellow Grant
cated, almostphangine over th edg
formed Ol Bull Mrs Abraha Lincoln, i lo
*"vuu^d uo UU jui[)uiwium3 ecn IUe iiume uif juongieuow,, Ufrant,
and furthering *bis idea, it would be the precipice. The story of Hiawatha
onl a timefigural unti as told at Devils Lake, is tha Longfel*
tively be compelled throw islands, th falls of Minnehaha at Min
up theifr hands anhmispne tak to th& woods-
CRAWFORD, of Huron, wno
first of January will be
come the sixth governor of South
Dakota, is closing up his professional
and business affairs so -far as practi
cable and otherwise preparing to give
his time to the service of the state.
The law firm of Crawford & Taylor
has become Crawford, Taylor & Fair
bank. The last named is one of the
coming lawyers of the state and will
take up much of the legal work which
the new governor will be compelled to
It is given out that the new admin
istration will make a pretty clean sweep
in the appointive list, Mr. Crawford
is not yet ready to make any announce
ments for publication.
for him to
this man and that, but he is so far
keeping his own counsel. Both factions
of the party expect to see many
The most interesting fight in the
state just now is that |or the speaker
ship. The avowed candidates are M. J.
Chaney of Clay county, J. H. Carroll
6f Kingsbury, and T. E. Price of Yank
t&n. The.se men are experienced in leg
islation and well fitted to preside ovefr
i Mr. Carroll, seems to be in the lead
low after visiting the-Laket Superio
the bifspeaking,f catalnf -wmilfjt.o ticnim. Irrco o-PfoTe tTiffi+y-niT +Vio T.ol- a..^_i.
neapolis, and the lake region of Madi-
rapidity when the, solons get together'
at Pierre to settle the preliminaries.
Mr. Carroll has splendid natural ability
for the place. He has been a member
EAST BLUFF AT DEVILS LAKE-WHERE THE ELASTINQ WILL COMMENCE
one of which areP Shownt in photograj
the state to""setee property desired for
such purposes, paying a fair compensa
tion to the owners, and reserve the land
for the delectation of lovers of beauty.
This will undoubtedly be the'outcome.
*WO AFTER SAME OFFICE
Wnaley's Election as Sheriff of Clay
Jount Is Under Contest.
Special to Tbe Journal.
Moorhead, Minn., Nov. '24^Papers
have been served to contest the elec
tion of Archie Whaley as sheriff of
-Clay county. The contestant is the pres
ent sheriff, John M. Bayer, who was
defeated by Whaley after a sensational
fight. Whaley won by having his
friends write his name on the ticket.
Fraud and fraudulent practices in vot
ing are set'up in the contest.
The threatened blocking of the
Northern Pacific plans for the big
reservoir east of this city, because of
quicksand, has been overcome by the
engineers. Work on the reservoir, which
is to be a mile long ancl 600 feet wide
had been well started when the quick
sand was encountered near one end.
It is found, however, that the quick
sand is in a vein about seven feet deep
and under it is a good blue clay bot
tom so that by the use of heavy con
crete walls it is believed the quicksand
and water can be held back and the
son and Waukesha county, came to
Devils Lake. Prom his room in the
Cuff house, he could look out over the
three mile square expanse of rock-lined
bottomless watery and with this inspira*'
t^on he wrote the poem which did much,
to make his fame world-wide.
Protests are being sent by the-bun
dreads to the state authorities agains*C
the devastation of the cliffs, and the
outcome is likely to be the establish- Problem for fiW*vntMn+ To +A
ment of a state park. The law enables
MOBEIS COUPLE WED*
Morris Minn., tfpv. ?4.A. W. Tries*
Chel and Miss Mamnue HanloU were
married at the,.'Assumption Catholie
in the countyv
of two-legislatures and at the h*st ses
sion had the prestige of-introducing
the primary, in t"he house where it was
passed. If the senate had done as well
there might have bpen no new governor
to inaugurate a month hence. Mr. Car
roll is ohe of the strong men of the
state and his influence at Pierre this
winter, whether he is speaker or not,
will be great.
Mr. Price and Mr. dhaney come from'
the same part,of the state and will cut
into each other to some extent. The
latter won his seat in the house after
one of the most spectacular fights ever
seen in the state, defeating John Hol
man, the law partner of Senator Gam
ble, in a contest that was not positively
the last was QaBt-
is a good debater and a commanding
figure in any body of which he is
Good *S4te*Ial 'frpmf^braacl*,
*-,L W Marmley, membef-elect frorft
Edmunds bounty, ha* beW. touted ttsi
candidate*ut is not-mow^&nd probabl^:
Will *lQtt TTa ia it-Jlivl
would decline it, and,a Ration might
.develop that WQuld,.make:iim, the loth-,
cal candidate* \Mfi Pannley has fine
talents and the right disposition for leg
islative-halls: He makef friends redify
and if there is any chance for a coni-
HAND OF GREED LAID ON FAMEI BEAUTY OF DEVILS LAKE AND ITS CLIFFS
ELEVATORS IN N. D. TOWN BUT 3 YEARS OLD
W ,n. ~a WESTHOPB, N." D., A PRIMAL GRAJ N MARKET OF REAL MAGNITUDE *f
wVWTiment IS to
Take Care of the Traffic and
Build at the Same Time.
Special fa The Journal.
Sanjt Ste. Marie, Mich., Ntv.^24.
Pour million dollars will not be enough
for the construction of- the proposed new
lock at the Soo,'ssays Superintendent L.
C. Sabin of the St. Mary's ship .canal.
If the proposed plans are carried out
it will take at least $%&O0,OOO and
added to the $1,000,000 already ^appro
widening the canal from the
ead the locks it will mean an ex
penditure by .thfi government within
the city limits $f at least $7,000,000.
It is also said thfe new lock eannot be
completed by 1S, *s prdposed by the
Lake Carriers' afso'ciatiQn, In all prob
ability the wtfrlMtfiu require,sijt yea*s.
The great problem wich wijl con
front the goyernnient will be to cr(r
for the incre^e $ traffic which will
surely come brfdre .thenew^ lock can
be completeC/At flXBt it was proposed
to construct t^'ew^ock n hr
the -present We|tzel lock,Jbut this would
decrease the capacity of the cainal to
Such an extent while the construction
work was in progress that the plan
has been abandoned. The new lock
wilt doubtless be[ constructed jnotth of
the Poe lock, which will give three
locks on the American side and one on
the Canadian side, of the river.
There was a f%e When the .wise men
of the lake n^artne predicted that no
more improvements would be needed,
^h&t was after,the Poe lock was com
^pleted. Now some- of the "wise ones
-say' that -when ttfe third lock is ready
a mi! ii i in a in HI 11 ir mi
SHARP CONTEST BEGUN FOR THE SPEAKERSHIP IN SOUTH DAKOTA
ago and was the author of ,the parole,
farmers' Institute and other laws. He
was a member Q% the livestock commits
tee ,to which was detailed the duty of
WEST BLUFF AT DEVILS LAKE.
W MILLIONS NEEDED
fill in 'sea*LUC
nFfi- f:~' j, j.
by S. W. Matteson.
for use on the American side there* will
be no further call for development. In
|he light of the present rapid increase
'in traffic to and from Lake Superior
ltjooks as if it wil]be but a com
paratively short time' before another
.great lock will be needed. In fact, the
Canadian government is considering
the advisability of constructing another
lock on the dominion ?side.
The traffic the present yea will be
twice as much as that of 1900. With
the same ratio of increase the annual
tonnage by the time the new lock is
completed will be over twice as much as
it is at the present time.
In 19Q0 the total tonnage was 25-
643,073. This year it will without doubt
pass the 52,000,000 mark. It has al
ready passed the great record of last
year and boats are being contracted
for on every hand, others are -being
built and the prospects for a great in
crease tonnage next year are bright
One government official here is so opti
mistic as to place the probable increase
in tonnage next year as high as one
third greater than the traffic of the
The enormous .demand for ore in
every part of the country is of course
one of the leading factors in the de
velopment of the commerce of the St.
Mary's river. The ore-carriers are in
creasing in number and size each year
new mines are being opened and new
docks built. How long the Lake Su
perior iron fields will hold out is a
question no man can answer, but the
steel interests seem to be preparing
to tap new veins whenever necessary
so th,at the supply will probably last
fpr at least a century, notwithstanding
claims made recently that the minine
industry on the shores of Lake Superior
will end in fifty years. Prospectors are
scouring the hills of northern Ontario
searching for iron and several rich fiuds
are reported in the vicinity of Port
The grain trade of thve Canadia
be considered in the
future of the canals for it is increas
ANYTHING 10 BEAT
CUMMIMS, THEIR CRY
Trusts and Stalwarts Proven to
Have Been Hand in Hand
Special to The Journal.
Des Moines, Iowa, Nov. 24.The
chairman of the democratic state com
mittee has made a confession which is
the most amazing thing that has de
veloped in Iowa politics. Chairman
Miller has admitted that in the expense
account of the democratic state com
mittee is ajarge item which was paid
to a committee organized by the cor
porations to work among the republic
ans ana to- get them to bolt their ticket
and herp out the democrats.
The sum he names, while large, is not
large enough to have more than paid
the postage bills of the committe'e for
a single week, which leaves it certain
that the corporation committee secured
much larger sums from some other
The confession of Miller verifies the
claimmade by the republican state
central committee all thru the cam
paign, that there was an alliance be
tween the democratic .-organization and
the representative's of the trusts and
drafting,a law for. the eradication of
scabies cattle. Everybody knows
how successfully this law has operated,
J. L. Browne, the speaker of the last
two sessions, was re-elected from Brown
county this yea^but is so stalwart a
stalwart that he could probably not be
fleeted speaker again even if he were
"to make a canvass^ This he is not likely
do. Mr. Browne da uncommonly
strong with th old*memp*ers and many
of them, irrespective olfactions, would
like to have him preside again. This
speaks extremely weirfor^is fairness.
Some believe that he* Js so fair and
square that it will be a grave mistake
for the insurgents to take up a new
It is apparent that the session will
be much more lively and interesting
than the one two years ago. The in
surgents will control and the. anti
pass and primary will be put thru.
Much time and sparring will be ex
pended on these 'measures..
The wish hafr probably been father
of most,of the random talk that the
|ta|wart0s would combine wit the demo*-,
"detraek Senatoh Gamble
TSither that or sbme- correspdndent is
wntmg agaihstf|pce,ndr making a.
bad job of it. j/_
The stalwarts wre ^all-players* and*
.Falls nominated Senator Gamble to be
This corporation committee was', in
fact, organized in the statg nearly' a
year ago, originally for the purpose of
controlling the republican state conven
tion. It was under direction of the
recognized railroad lobbvist who has
represented the railroads in legislation
many years. The committee did most
of its Work thru a well-organized press
bureau, which reached the people thru
a great variety of literature, all at
tacking the republican party record in
The* remarkable part of it was that
the chief work was done by J. W.
Richards who was defeated for the
nomination for secretary of state be
fore the republican state convention.
It is the first time in the history of the
state that a defeated republican can
didate has actually entered the service'
of the" democrats.' Richards had been
clerk to Speaker Hepderson at Wash
ington, and had long been known as
connected with the railroads. Another
active in the corporation committee
was C. W. Johnston, a local lawyer, Who
had been one of the managers of the
pre-convention campaign against Gov
ernor Cummins. He is closely identified
with the railroad lobby.
Proclaimed a Falsehood.
The democratic committee boasts that
it was thru this corporation committee
thus organized., that most of the effec
work in the direction of defeating
v"c uiio^uiuu ui uej.ea.bmjf mas.es up me personnel or an tne com-
the republican nominees in this state mittees of the lower branch of the leg
was dctae. Only a few days before the islature
election one of the democratic campaign
managers, addressing an audience gath
denied has so
GOLDEN ^WEDDING ON NOV. 29.
Special to The Journal.
Pipestone, Minn./ Nov.
Thanksgiving day Mr. and Mrs. E.
Giles, of Holland, will
Pipestone counfy since 1879, coming
here from Wisconsin. Nine of their
ten children are living.
his own successorand the action of
the convention amounted to thatthe
stalwarts considered the matter settled
and the incident closed.
4. H^ C^lfRCtLU.
Membp of 4h Hotfi* from -Klflftbury
IKEL UD POINTS TI
A DANGEROUS EXTREME
Church and State and Christian
Citizenship Discussed by an
Austin Pastor. i
Special to The Journal.
Austin, Minn.. Nov. 24.Many good
points were made here by Rev. Jens C.
In our eagerness for the complete separation
Of church and state, there is the danger of
swinging orer to the opposite extreme, an
stripping the ciyil government of its divine
character. Even the ancient Greeks and Ko
mans recognised the principle of divine authority
as fundamental in their law and its adminis
While we regard the proper separation of
church and state as a source of profound grati
tude, no intelligent Christian will maintain,
that such a separation limits the proving of the
Almighty and His religion to the church. The
attempt to divorce religion from civil affairs and
relegate God to the Sunday service and the
prayer meeting, is the wqrk of infldel politician*
who mistake the ministry of God foe the priest
hood of mammon. Tbe Christian is in exponent
of religion just as much to the capacity ot
citteen, civil officer or statesman ai ta the ca
pacity of a church-member.
enfranchized citizen should know hia
civil duties. This is especially incumbent on
the member of a commontvealth In which the
sovereignty is vested in the people. And, know
ing his duty, he is equally under moral obliga
tion to discharge it. Ex-President Harrison
said: God has never endowed any statesman,
with wisdom enough to frame a system of gov
ernment that everybody could go off and leave.
To pay takes and to submit to the laws are far
short of the whole duty of the citizen." He
shonld interest himself to the extent of his
ability and opportunity in the enactment of good
and Just laws, such as are in complete har
mony, both as to letter and spirit, with the
fundamental law of God.
Tbe Christian citizen shonld also do his duty
In securing blameless and just officers of tbe
law. The principles of a political party may
be theoretically good, and the laws may be
Just and equitable, and yet they may be worse
than useless where their execution is left to
a person devoid of both moral goodness and
justice. A dead and Inoperative law Is con
ceded to be worse than no law at all, because
It breeds disrespect for the dignity and au
tborlty of law. It should be remembered by
the Christian citizen, that the candidate for
any civil or political office is aspiring to tbe
calling of a "minister of God." He is to be, not
only the representative of the people he is
pre-eminently to be the representative of God
a servant engaged In the sacred business of the
Lord. LE ROY EXPECTS TO BE
Marinette Member Has the Sup
port of Davidson, Connor
and Other Leaders.
EDWARD W. X.E SOT,
Who Is Slated for Speaker by th Davidso*.
Special to The Journal.
Madison, Wis., JJov. 24.Edward W.
Le Roy of Marinette will be the next
speaker of the %Wisconsin
manf was any be members oy the assembly that his elec
tween the democratic committee and tion is looked upon as a certainty, not-
the corporations and vowed that
cent had been contributed to the
paig by the corporation the
republican party. The confession of
Chairman Miller clinches the truth of
the declarations of" the republican state
wedding. The have resided in
as such will be the most powerful mem
ber of the legislature, for he it is wh
makes up the personnel of all the com
He has the support of Governor Dav-,
idson of State Chairman
Connorr and-ana ..^x^v-w ^u*^ii^o Kabu-- luson,, UJL owtie vimirnian uonno
assurances of support
one withstanding the fact that elaims are
that the "out-and-ont"
made that the "out-and-out a Fol
lett men will control the organization--RnlaT,
These latter are supporting H. L. Ekern
of Arcadia, one of the La Follette
leaders of the last two legislative ses-
sions and chairman of the committed
Mr. Le Roy haB for two sessions been
a faithful adherent to the measures
proposed by the La Follette side, but
is now friendly to Chairman Connor,
who has fallen out with the junior
senator. Mr. Le Roy ia making a cam
paign for the speakership by see*ng the
members elect personally and feels sure
The party is pledged to Gamble and
the stalwarts are going to vote for,
him as readily as will the insurgents/
It takes a good deal of innate crooked'*
neBs to preach the belief, as a few half'
insurgent, half democratic, papers hive
been doing, that the stalwarts will com
bine to ignore the instructions given at
If he lives Mr. Gamble will be re
turned to the senate by the practically
solid vote of the republican majority.
Of course it will be a bitter pill for
some members to swallow, but your truai
stalwart will take his medicine with^
out even a wry face.
Tho 1908 Campaign. $
The campaign two years hence wHl
be no child play. Friends of Mr
Crawford, more and more off their
guard, are saying that he will succeed*
Mr. Kittredgo in the senate. His elec
tion to the governorship was but ai
step to the higher honor which he has?
all along had in view. The primary.'
he believes, will make it easier for hint*
and his faction to remain in office.
Crawford is well qualified for a career
in the senate. He had splendid native
ability to start with and every, yearjae
has been adding to hia feguipminty^
But the stalwarts wi& %lt dea^ratev
ly to save, Mr. Kittredge? Thprl W&
feufie. Each nadvg from now o& wMTST
made wit* |ha single goal S'^ew^
E. a X.