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Bitter Fight to Be Waged
Over Oi/ed Negro
Politics Dragged in to Make
the Struggle More
Ohioan Yearns to Discredit
President in Eyes
Important Measures Await
Congress as the End
WHAT CONGRESS WILL DO
Senate will witness bitter bat
tle over discharge of negro sol
Oar shortage problem will be In
troduced in some form.
Some action will be taken on
Elver and harbors people will
fight for funds.
Ship subsidy bill will be debated
in the house.
Will pass bill limiting hours of
Probably will pass criminal ap
Will reject organized labor's
injunction law plea.
Probably will pass bill dooming
corporation campaign contributions.
By W. W. Jermane, Colorado Building,
Washington, D. C.
This paper consists of eight parts and The,
Journal Junior. See that you get them all.
AS BATTLE HEARS
ASHINGTON, Pec. 8&.-*Next
of the fifty-ninth congress
will get down to business in earnest,
and there, will be letup until ad
journment, March 4.
The important work of each con
gress is always initiated in the first or
the long session. The time of the short
session, a year later, is also most in
variably devoted to completing legis
lation which has been considered dur
ing the long session^ and in passing
the big appropriation bills. It "will be
that way now. The short session does
Hot afford time for the threshing out
of entirely new questions, and few
presidents have had the courage to
suggest them, or few congresses to
The action of the president in dis
missing without honor a battalion of
the Twenty-fifth infantry (colored)
from the army has been injected into
the present session by Senator Foraker.
and a good deal of time probably will
be occupied during January with
speeches pro and con, Foraker leading
the attack on the president and Lodge
leading the defense. In the end it is
likely that the senate will pass a reso
lution providing for the investigation
of the merits of the discharge.
Politics Dragged In.
Anticipating such action, the presi
dent, a week ago sent Milton D. Purdy,
assistant to the attorney general, to
Brownville to secure affidavits and
other testimony going to show that the
dismissal was fully warranted. The
opposition to the president will depend
on the Negro Independent league in
New York for its data. The president
has held that the data already fur
lushed by this league were insufficient
to cause a reversal of the executive
Unfortunately, this question has been
dragged into politics, and as a result
a great deal of bitterness has already
been manifested and still more is un
doubtedly to come. Northern states
having a considerable negro population
are inclined, thru their representatives
in congress to oppose the president,
while another class of members, men
long opposed to him in secret is help
ing the agitation along with the hope
that it may prevent him from con
trolling the next presidential nomina
tion. The agitation already has devel
oped that the negro, as a class, is in
clined to cast his fortunes in with those
of negro criminals and their associates.
President Stands Pat.
There can be no legislation regard
ing this affair by congress which will
be effective, and probably none will be
attempted, for the president has an
nounced that he will veto any bill seek
ing to criticize him, and if passed over
his veto, disregard it. The supreme
court, he holds, will not dure meddle
with a matter of mere administrative
detail, but if it should so meddle, it
understood that he will defy, the su
preme court also.
The issue is thus joined, with -the
1 1 i i i
Continued on 8d Page, 1st Column.
SENATOR J.- B. FORAKER.
Long a bitter foe of the president, who
has seized the discharge of the negro
soldiers as an excuse for a fierce cam
paign against Roosevelt.
IN CLASHI1T POLLS
Texas Senator Routs His
Opponents in Their
Special to The Journal.
ALLAS, Tex., Dec. 29.Senator
Joseph W. Bailey won a sweep
ing victory in the first of the
special "foT or against Bailey" pri
mary elections held in Comanche county
today. His plurality was about three
to one. There were as many votes
polled today as at regular primary
elections in July last. Bailey polled
about 100 more votes today than he
did in the regular primaries. His
friends in the town of Comanche are
celebrating his victory with bonfires
and pyrotWhnics, and enthusiasm runs
The anti-Bailey contingent express
die&ppointpent at the result and at
tribute their defeat to improper organi
zation. The organization of the Bailey
clan was perfect in every detail and
old-time' Texas politicians of the or
ganization admit this unhesitatingly.
Comanche was the strongest anti
Bailey county in the state, and the
junior senator's victory there prac
tically removes any doubt as to his
being returned to the senate by the
legislature at its meeting in January.
BARE BIT OF CARDBOARD
POPE'S GIFT TO A KING
Return Ticket Bought When
Went to Conclave That Elected Him
Pope Given to Ruler of Greece.
New York Herald Special OaWe Service. Copy
right, 1906, by the New Ymrk Herald.
Berlin, Iec 29.On the occasion of
the visit of the ki ng of the Hellenes to
Rome, the pope, savs the Lokel An
zeiger, made his maisety a most orig
inal present. Hearing that the king
was an enthusiastic collector of curious
objects, his holiness presented him
with the return half of a railway
ticket from Venice to Home, purchased
to attend the conclave. This ticket "he
could not use owing to his being elected
pope. With the ticket the pope gave
the king a certificate in writing of its
POPE WOULD DIE,
Pius Quoted as Saying He
Would Gladly Perish
Sees Benefit in Conditions
Forced on the Clergy by
New York Herald Special Service.
ABIS, Dec. 29.Pope PiusX is
quoted in an interview published
in the Ultramone Journal Le
Croix as being eager for martyrdom
if the opportunity offered. In this in
terview he discusses the church crisis
in France with M. Franc, correspendent
of the Croix.
The pope, the interviewer says, spoke
without harshness, but with great rea
son, in declaring:
"The first telegram I received pro
testing against the action of the
French government was from Arch
.bishop Ireland. This was followed by
many others from America and Eng
land. The French episcopacy has a
right to feel proud. Bishops have been
evicted from their palaces, but they
have given an example of sacrifice for
the right which fixes the attention of
the whole world upon them."
Speaking of the French priesthood,
the pope said:
"The more completely they are de
prived of the good things of this world,
the more these priests will turn to
supernatural things and to the defense
of principles. Besides, the more they
are obliged to look to the people for
the wherewithal upon which to live the
more they will approach the people\in
their sympathies, thus acquiring an in
fluence over them which formerly has
often been seen to be wanting.
"The movement the separation of
church and state in France is hard, but
the morrow will be consoling."
Pius went on to say that he knew
some of the priests in France were say
ing: "It's all very well for the pope
to take this stand, but he doesn't suf-
"Most surely," commented the pope,
I desire to suffer for the cause they
support. I would be glad to endure
privations bf\all sortsto be dragged
before judges,)* be thrown into prison,
and ,even to give my head.
I should be happy to die a martyr^
to the faith, for I know I should go
Straight to heaven."
PAUPER ASKS FOR AN AUTO
Woman Says She Coulff Collect and De-
liver Washings and Pay Own Way.
By Publishers' Press.
Manitowoc. Wis.. Deo. 29.Asserting
that an automobile would put her beyond
the need of charity, Mrs. Jane Toad, a
county charge, has petitioned the author
ities to supply her with a touring car.
She wants it to collect and deliver wash
ing, adding that she must be able' to
cover long distances quickly if she is to
make a success of the work.
DIES ON WIFE'S GRAVE
Grief-Stricken Brooklyn Man Kills Him-
self In Cemetery.
By Publishers' Press.
New York, Dec. 29.Grieving over the
death of his wife, John T. McClellan
committed suicide on her grave in Green
wood cemetery in Brooklyn, today. Mc
Clellan had repeatedly expressed a wish
to join his wife, who died two years ago.
He was 56 years old.
SLAIN BT HIGHWAYMEN.
Chicago, Dec. 20.Martin Qulnn, a retired
police lieutenant, aged 62, resisted three
masked robbers who attempted early this eve
ning to loot a real estate and insurance office
he is running in a North Side suburb, and re
ceived two bullets thru the body. He is dying
from his wounds.
Special to The Journal.
7 i $
ForakOr's Remarks Blamed
for Serious Ill-Feeling
EERY, Kan., Dec, 29.-3erious
trouble between white citizens
and negroes of this town is
feared, several clashes having occurred
already tho without serious results.
There is much excitement and the
feeling became intense last night, when
Joseph Welter, a white farmer, living
near Porry, was injured i
Prominent Madison Man
Blames Pre-Natal Influ
ence for His Crimes.
Special to The Journal.
Wis., Bee. 29.In
pleading guilty to the
charge, of forgery, and
throwing himself upon tlie mercy of the
court- here today ,3. Gordon Morse,
lawyer, newspaper editor and piano
dealer, offered the no v*Bl excuse for his
act that he was predisposed to false
hood and deception because his mother,
While carrying him unborn, during the
civil war was forced a fabricate stories
-regarding the whereabouts of his fath
er^ from the wrath of the unionists at
the-family home, Morse Mill, Mo. De
spite this unusual plea and the fact
thatihe Bev. 'A. A. Ewing, pastor of
the fashionable Episcopal cjaurch/ here,
and Goidwin Smith the principal lo,ser
hru Morsels foj^era.^e**$^ for mercy
and leniency 1"?*ih\ accused, the court
pronounced a iijiente^ee of two years of
hard labor aj^fche -state penitentiary at
Morsels history reads like a romance.
came to Madison nine months ago
and purchased the stock of pianos and
musiscal instruments from the firm of
Johnson & Smith, large dealers here, for
several years. Being well educated
and possessed of a pleasing personal
ityfi Morse soon worked up a large bus
inesa. One day last October he went "to
Mr. Smith, principal creditor, and
asked him to discount a note for $350.
Smith did so, but some time later when
he presented it to the person supposed
to be the maker, he found that it was a
forgery. Morse got wind of the mat
ter and disappeared. After a Beach last
ing six weeks, Morse was finally located
at Boulder, Mont., where he was edit
ing the Boulder Sentinel for a wealthy
CARUSO MUST PAY PINE
Recorder Qoff Affirms Declaon of Lower
Court in Tenor's Case.
New York Herald Special Service.
New York, Dec. 29.Recorder Goff to
day reaffirmed the decision of the lower
court in the case of Enrico Caruso, the
grand opera tenor, who was accused of
annoying a woman in the monkeyhouse
at Central park. There Is no appeal from
this decision. The lower court imposed
a fine of $10, which was the maximum
under the law. Caruso resented the lg--
nominy carried by the decision.
fWHEN GREEK MEETS GREEK THEN COMES THE TUG
MINNEAPOLIS, MIOTTESOTA, SfflTDftY. MORNING, DECEMBER 30, i9o6. ^^^^76 PAGESPRICE 5 CENTS.
the streets with a negro named Bryant.
The negroes are reported to have
threatened the lives of certain citizens
of the town.,
SenatoHForaker's defense of the ne
gro soldiers-is blamed by the white peo
ple herev. 44* the boldness by the ne
groes who are causing trouble.
RULERS OF RUSSIA
ALL ID, HESAYS
Commenting on Insanity of
Czar's Mother Alienist
Special Cable to The Journal.
T. PETEBSBUEG, Dec. 29.A
close friend of the czar's house
hold physician, Dr. Hirsch, tells
your correspondent that the dowager
czarina, the czar's mother, ha.s been
undeniably insane for' three months.
I fact, Dr. Tschochoff, the superin
tendent of St. Petersburg's famed
asylum for the demented, the St.
Nicholas. Tschudereweta, asserts that
the majority of the foremost Bussians
are mad,, from the Bomanon? dynasty
downsovereign, ministers, generals,
aristocrats, men of affairs.
The dowager czarina, your informant
avers, has be en "clean daft" ever
since General Trepoff died last Sep
tember. Gossips whisper that she loved
him passionately and that losing him
wrecked her wits.
Shfr has been taken away from Rus
sia in the hope that she may recover
WARNS THE NOISE-MAKERS
Chicago's Police Chief Wants Obsequies
of Old Year to Be Modest.
By Publishers' Pre...
Chicago, Dec. 29."The reception to
the glad new year must be modest and
decorous," announced Chier of Police
Collins in a proclamation published in the
Chicago papers today.
"I would counsel Chicago's noise-mak
ers to heed this warning and not get
arrested on New Year's eve, as the mu
nicipal courts are not open on holidays.
Any person, therefore, who is arrested
and cannot get out on bonds, will have
to spend the first day of the year in a
police station. That will be a bad start
and should be avoided.
"There are those who think the old
year will never give place to the new un
less blown Into eternal past with explo
sives, but there are more who object to
awakening under the Impression that it
is the morning of July 4."
NE W MINNEAPOLI S LIN t^
TO CANADIA N BOUNDARY
J&. W BAGIOCJvS.
Minneapolis Man Prominent In Interna
tional Falls Development, to Whose Ef
forts Is Largely Due the Carrying Out of
New Railroad Construction.
RULES B PHONE
Noted Railroad Magnate
Seriously 11 1 and Pnygi-V
cians iuar Him,
E W YOBK, Dec 29. S^:&*-
riman is seriously ill ait Ar
den, N. Y., where he has
one of the largest-, of American
country estates. is confined to his
bed under the watchful care of physi
cians, who assert that overwork has
broken down his health.
While still able to keep' in touch
with the executive offiees of the Union
ana" the Southern Pacific by long dis
tance telephone, every effort is being
made to keep business worries from
EX-SLAVE, 116, DROPS DEAD
Aged Negress Stricken at
Friend, Aged 95.
By PublUlterV Press.
Chicago, Dec. 29.Mrs. Caroline Par
ker, negress, 116 years old, dropped dead
tonight at the home of her girlhood
friend, Mrs. Nancy Lewis, aged 95. Both
women were once slaves in South Caro
lina. Caroline lived with her former
master's family until eight years ago,
when she expressed a wish to spend
her remaining years with Mrs. Lewis.
Planters in the vicinity of her South
Carolina home sent her here and have
paid her a pension of $60 monthly ever
BOY OWKS HE SXEW HOTHEB.
St. Helene, Ore., Dec. 29.Bert Holman, the
18-year-old adopted son .of Mrs. Sara Ayres,
confessed today tbat he had shot and killed his
mother, whose dead body was found last night
on her farm near here.
Railroad Will Link Minne
apolis and International
Falls This Tear, i
Short Line to Port Arthur,^
Fort William and Nipi
flog on Wheat Terminals af
Duluth Removed and
Great Section Opened.
a connecting Hnk foi\ 4$i
Minneapolis and the Canadian
boundary at International FallsS^g
with a direct short line to Port Arthur,%\%
Fort William and the Nipigon eountryj,*,-
in Ontario, a railroad is to be eon*-!:
structed from the Big Fork rive? *0h
Yesterday there was filed at the Bee^iS
retary of state's office at the stat*^
capitol the articles of incorporation off^
a new Minnesota railroad company, th^i^S
Big Fork & International Falls railwayj?ljl
with E. W. Backus, W F. Brooks aaaf**jf
C. J. Eockwood, all of Minneapolis, ast if
the incorporators and first boardof dH,
rectors. They will build and operatecllf
the new line from the present northern,
terminus of the Minnesota & Interna-^3
tional railroad to the city of Interna-cjl
tional Falls, a distance of thirty-zvV
On the completion of the new line^C
it will*be possible for a business manj"
o* tourist to take the evening North?
Pacific passenger at Minneapolis
and by ft "feanthmous night trip of 320j|l
miles over the Northern Pacific, itsl^S
branch, the Minnesota & International, S^Sf$
and the new Big Fork extension arrive-^*!
at International Falls in time for Jm
breakfast without change of cars. 3
The new road thereby opens up to' Iff!
Minneapolis trade the entire valley offM"
Bainy river and Eainy lake, and at the^S
same time insures for that fertile yak
yoirnpt empire am era. of swift industrial. S.^11
and commercial development." The^" 3
thirty-six-hour roundabout route into ,J
the new country via Winnipeg will be- *1
a thing of the past, and will give way^
to the ten-hour short-cut over th "J7
Northern Pacific, the Minnesota & la.
ternational and the new road.
Backus on the Work.
E. W". Backus confirms the announo*. **C|f
ment of the speedy construction and op*
eration of the new road. says: V'3^1
The new road will be constructed at
speedily as it is physically practicabW
It will form the connecting linfe be* f~
tween the twin cities on the one \hand,
and the young city of International
Falls and i he tributary Eainy river val^
ey on the other. The contract for co*,
struction was let by the construction
company five weeks ago, and four
weeks' work at clearing and gradinflf
the right-of-way have already been ac
complished. The present crew of 2060
will gradually be increased to 500, and&^
the work pushed with all dispatch. It^'A
is anticipated that the first section of
nearly twenty miles to the little Fork _J|
will be completed and the rails laid byy?%
April, with the prospect and expecta-^
tion that the entire extension of thir-'f.
ty-five miles into International Falls:
will be completed and ready for opera-^
tion in time to celebrate next July 4.
The two feet of snow which fell eaxljr**?
in the winter protected the ground from
frost, so that the work or winter grad-Y'J^
ing and ditch-making is progressing
with the most encouraging dispatch. *^1
The grade is easy and permits of rap-tt4
id and economical construction of the
roadbed, so that we feel safe' in as
suring the public a thru line from the
twin cities to International Falls by
Cost of Extension. '^i
The cost of the new extension, in
cluding roadbed, bridges a'nd equipment
will be upwards of $1,000,000. A re
gards the current supposition that the
Backus-Brooks" company is associated
with other large financial interests in
this enterprise, Mr. Backus did not care
either to affirm or deny. admitted,
however, that all financial arrangements
for building and operating the road
were completed, and likewise that traf
fic arrangements with the Northern Pa
cific and the M. & I. were already
fully perfected, providing for continu
ous thru passenger and freight service
between the twin cities and Interna
tional Falls as soon as the last rail is
laid, and the new extension ready fur
The Backus-Brooks com^aTay, imms*
diately upon the completion of the
road, will erect in International Falls
next year. a large sawmill of upwards'
80,000,000 feet .capacity, which w4H^-|
.Continued on 3d Page, 6th Column.