Newspaper Page Text
H p , I 10 The Sait Laice teibunss ntrDAY mojcstng ibruakt jlh, "yu. J
IP MILLION ACRES
M I TO BE WATERED
I' 1 1 ikj (Continued" from Page 1.)
I 1( petting back the money invested in the
. j li l) required improvements.
HAVE ALL BUT WATER.
!' -M "The Government officials wore espc-
. 'i ! daily struck with the comparison of
I . jj our scheme with somo others they have
' , li s' already undertaken, notably the one on
i 1 j the Carson river In Nevada. There they
j I arc reclaiming only desert land. After
j . the water Is placed upon the land the
I ' i: settlers must be secured, and the ret-
I ; j ' ' tiers must build their homes and es-
, 1 ' tablish schools and other public Instl-
' ' tutions. Here the lands to bo supplied
.j j "with water are nearly all -in private
' j I ownership, the schools are here, the
' ( i markets are hero and there Is hardly
, 1 an acre of land on which water can be
. i placed thnt will not be worth at least
I I , $50 more the moment an ample supply
of water Is assured than It is worth
i i , EXPECT SCHEME TO WIN.
II 1 : "The reclamation department as-
j i 8ured us that thero was nothing in the
j way of our scheme going through ex
cept to prove its practicability, and the
' j i ' preliminary work to decide this qucs-
' tlon will bo undertaken just as soon as
i ' the necessary steps to that end can bo
! " taken in Washington, which should not
take more than a few weeks at most.
- ,, ' I want to say that our delegation In
' Congress also tool: up our project with
enthusiasm and is working unitedly to
carry it to a successful Issue."
' ' WILL COST FIVE MILLION.
In speaking of the results to be al-
; i tained by the commission's irrigation
i , i scheme, Mr. Dorcmus pointed out that
there are approximately a million acres
1 of land In these three valleys which
I ' would be' highly productive with irri-
, i gation. About one-third of this acre-
" age is now cultivated, although not
i ' nearly all of the land under cultlva-
I 1 , , tlon has sufficient water. With enough
' J -water to irrigate all of the land the
,: added value could not be less than $30
, ' an acre, or a total of 530,000,000. The
I ; cost of the project has not, of course,
; l been closely estimated as yet, but Prof.
I ' Doremua Is confident that It could not
exceed 55,000.000. Whatever the cost
I . would be it would be assumed by the
I 1 land-owners, to be repaid to the Gov-
11 J ernment in ten equal annual payments.
1 And, as the money expended by the
I Government in making the iinprove-
ments would nearly all go Into circula
tion right in this country, it can be
' seen how overwhelmingly the adan-
f , 5 tages would outweigh the cost.
'I1 WHAT THE PLAN INCLUDES.
' . The plan proposed by the commis-
I slon, In general outline, is to build con-
t i serving reservoirs in the Strawberry
' . " valley, on the south, and on the Bear
J , and Blackfoot rivers on the north
bringing the waters to the big valleys
below through canals which on the way
would tap many smaller streams. The
water thus accumulated would be
emptied into a great distributing canal
which would extend tho full length of
the three valleys, from Provo on the
south to the Bear river on the north,
and which would be built at about the
elevation of Fort Douglas, or high
enough on the west elope of the
Wamtch mountains to cover the rich
bench lands which are now unwalered.
This big canal would bo concreted
wherever the natural formation is not
such as would hold water, hut it can
be readily neen that much of .the water
used for irrigating the bench lands
would find Its- way to the lower lands
and finally to Utah lake, the Jordan
river and Great Salt lake, thus reliev
ing the strain upon Utah lake and Im
proving the water situation generally,
both directly and indirectly. In short, i
quite a proportion of the water brought
into the main canal would be ui-ed sev
GREAT ENGINEERING FEAT.
The greatest engineering feat in con
nection with the project will be the
bringing of the waters from the Straw
berry reservoir through the Wasatch
range, which will require a tunnel
through the mountains, but It Is be
lieved that thl3 Is by no means an In
surmountable obstacle. In this connec
tion Engineer Doremus said yesterday
that they had been asked why the
waters of the streams? on the east slope
of the range should not be utilized on
that side, where there Is considerable
fine lands. His reply to this query was
that the waters should be used whero
they could do the most good to the
greatest number. The lands In tho
Strawberry valley, he explained, are at
an elevation of 7500 feet, while those to
be Irrigated on thin side arc at an ele
vation of only 4500 feet. At the higher
elevation the only crop that can bo
raised to advantage ia hay, and the
gross proceeds per acre could not exceed
$12 or $15 an acre, while In these three
great valleys at tho lower elevation
crops are raised which bring from $50
to $1000 an acre. There Is no compari
son, therefore, as to the respective ad
vantages, and If there Is not enough
water for both sldeo of the range there
is no question that It snould be brought
to those valleys, provided the plan is
The plan proposed by the commission
Is given more in detail In the brief
which wan presented by the commis
sion to the Interior department asking
It to undertake the prellminarv work
necessary to provo or disprove Its feasi
bility, which Is as follows:
,TTh,? fr,d Land Reclamation commission
?u V!xuh resP;CtfulIy roprcscntB that slnco
the tiling oi Its application to have Utah
lake considered as one of tho projects to
bo developed under tho net of ConKress
of Juno 17 JM2, entitled. -An act nppro
prlatlng tho rccolpts from the sale and
i i; IP' :'MM
disposal nf public lands In certain Stales
ana Territories to the construction of Ir
rigation works for the reclamation of arid
lands," further Investigation lias dlsclo3Qd
the fact that Utah lake Is more properly
part of a larger plant than an entlro one,
as at tlrst contemplated. The commission
therefore submits a more comprehensive
project (which Includes Utah lake) for the
enlargement and utilization of the water
supplv for Cache, Salt Lake and Utah
Luke volleys in tho State of Utah, and
a.sks that It may receive your early and
AREA OF THE STATE.
Tho peculiarity of tho situation In Utah
with respect to tho water supply seems to
demand the following brief description of
tho conditions which generally prevail.
Tho total area of tho State Is about G3,
000.000 acres, a largo part of which Is fer
tllo and arable land The water supply Is
so Inadequate that whon fully utilized not
more than C or S per cent of all tho hind
of tbo State can be supplied with water
for Irrigation. At the prenent tlmo only
about 1 per cent of tho total area of the
Slate Is Irrigated, and tho production of
agricultural crops Is Impossible without
NATURE OF THE STREAMS,
With the exception of Green river and
Its trlbultarlcs. all the streams of tho
Stato have their sources within tho bor
ders of the State nnd none terminate be
yond Its boundaries. All are torrential
Ptrcams subject to great tluctuatlons and
very little has born done to equalize the
variability of tho How. Great scarcity In
l ho. water supplv Is experienced during
tho low-waicr period of each year, al
though not more than about one-fourth of
tho whole annual supply has been util
ized, the other three-fourths be.InK
wasted by absorption and during the flood
and winter seasons.
MUST CHOOSE WITH CARE.
From the foregoing It Is evident that to
regulate the flow of tho streams by
means of storago reservoirs and to oxtend
the Irrigated area are matters of para
mount Importance to the future growth of
the Stato. It is al3o clear, when the dis
proportion of land to water supply Is con
Gldered, that tho greatest care should bo
oxerchu'd In selecting tho land upon
which the water Is to be ultimately used.
Only such lands as Vlll return the great
est possible value for tho water applied
should be considered as worthy of tho
water, and the less worthy lands should
be nut to some subordinate auxiliary use
without water. Because of the shorter
pcason and tho liability to late and early
frosts In tho higher valleys of tho Stato,
It is the rulo that tho lands of the lower
valleys arc most worthy of the water.
SOURCE OF WATER SUPPLY.
The Wasatch and Uintah mountains arc
the sources of practically nil of tho water
supply of tho northern half of tho State
and the greater portion of tho water Hows
naturally into the Great Salt lake, whero
It 19 dissipated by evaporation.' The
water in passing from mountain to lake
traverses the thrco principal valloys of
tho Stato known as Caeho valley. Salt
Lake valloy and Utah valley, respectively.
Salt Lake valley Is the lowest valley In
iho Stato, the olovatlon being about -1200
,fcet above sea level. Utah and Cache val
leys come next, each being about -1500 feot
above sea level. With respect to climate,
scenery, character of soli, etc., it Is doubt
ful If these three valleys aro oxcelled by
any In the world.
WHERE IRRIGATION STARTED.
The first Irrigation institutions In the
United States were established In these
valleys nearly sixty years ago by tho pio
neer settlers of the State Tho plan then
initiated and subsequently adhered to
was one of small farms. Intensive meth
ods and co-operative ownership of all Ir
rigation works. As a result of operations
during these sixty years all of the water'
supply that can be made available
through Individual or ordinary co-opera-tivo
offort has. under this system, been
put to use. and there Is no further oppor
tunity for grent development, except
through extensive and complicate worka
that involvo engineering, legal and finan
cial problems being quite beyond the
power of the previously potential co-operative
THREE GREAT VALLEYS.
These throe valleys comprise Cache.
Box Elder. Weber. Davis, Salt Lake and
Utah counties; have about 175.000 people,
and contain property assessed on the basis
of JS2.COO.000. There aro nltogeilier about
1.000,000 acres or Irrigable land In the
three valleys, less a third, or about 307,000
acrc3, being at present Irrigated, the re
mainder, or about 603.000 acres, having no
water supply. This" Irrigated area la ap
portioned among about 10,200 owners,
making the average slzo of tho Irrigated
tarm about thirty acres. There are. how
ever, about GS3.000 acres oUt of the 1,000.
000 acres that aro in prh'uto ownership, so
that tho average size of tho farm consists
of about sixty-six acres, more than half
of which, or thirty-six acres; Is without
a water supply. In extromo cases tho es
timated value of tho right to the use of
water. In Salt Lako valloy, Is as high as
S1S0.O0O per eecond-foot. for city purposes
nnd $70,000 per accond-foot for Irrigation.
While these figures should not be taken
to indicate the market valuo of tho water
thoy aro fairly suggcstlvo of its posslblo
SOME FIGURES ON CROPS.
The productiveness of the soil and tho
possibilities of those valleys arc best In
dicated by the great variety and value of
crops that have under favorablo condi
tions beon already produced, some of
rhlch are as follows:
Sugar bcots, per acre 53 1-3 tons
Alfalfa hay, per acre 7 1-2 tons
Potatoes, per aero 000 bushels
Onions, per aero 1100 bushels.
Peaches, per aero (not) $ 100.00
Cherries, per acre (gross) 975.00
Raspberries, per aero (gross).. 00.00
Strawberries, per aero (gross) S00.CO
Grapes, per acre (gross) 1,200.00
CHARACTER OF THE PEOPLE.
Tho present population consists of fru
gal, energetic prosperous and prollllc
communities, whoso constantly-Increasing
numbers would naturally overflow onto
and occupy the Immediately adjacont
lands, but who, because there is no water
supply for these lands, are now forced to
And footing clscwhero to tholr own great
detriment as well as that of tho State.
A public school system that will compare
favorably with that of any other State
has been established. Churches and other
public buildings have been provided which
aro ample to accommodato a much larger
population that could be quickly and prof
itably settled thero If tho wator supply
would permit. Amplo transportation fa
cilities aro already provided, tho mining
industry affords an excellent local mar
ket for all tho products of Irrigation, ono
sugar factory and several auxiliary sta
tions in each of the three valloys create
a sure and profltablo market for about
200.000 tons of beets and produce about
50,000,000 pounds of sugar annually.
ROOM FOR MANY MORE.
Tho present density of population as
related to tho irrigated area Is about ono
person to each aero and throo-quarters of
land. It Is tho opinion of this commission
If an ample water supply can be provided
for tho whole Irrigable area (1.0CO.0OO
acres), that .these valleys would bo made
capable of sustaining 1.000.000 people, or at
tho rate of one person to each acre of
GOOD EFFECT OF THE LAKE.
Tho presence of tho Great Salt lake,
having a surface area of about 2000 square
miles, has a most beneficial climatic ef
fect, which is not appreciable beyond tho
thrco valleys here considered, and which
makes them the most desirable of any
In the State or In the Intermountaln re
gion for human habitations. The preser
vation of this lake Is therefore an Impor
tant matter and cannot be Ignored In any
plan pertaining to the wator supply of
WATER CAN BE SECURED.
To provide an adequate supply of water
for all the worthy land will require not
only the complete conservation and reg
ulation of the wator thnt naturally flow
Into these valloys, but other sources of
supply must also be secured Fortunate
ly, the situation Is such as to favor the
accomplishment .of both these require
ments. THREE LINKS OF A CHAIN
As shown by the accompanying map.
tho position of these vnllcys with rela
tion to each other Is much like the links
of a chain. In which Salt Lako vnllev
forms the central link, with Cache vallev
on tho north nnd Utah valley . on the
south. The extreme distance from tho
north end of Cache valley to tho south
end of Utah valley is nearly 200 miles.
Each valley has Its local river and nu
merous smaller streams, all of which havs
their sources In tho Wasatch and flow Into
the valleys frGm the east.
Tho Bear river, which Is the largest
river that flows Into the Groat Salt lake,
has Its source on tho northern slopes of
(Continued on Page 11.)
?latl Showin? Proponed Enlargement and Utilization of tho Water Supply for Cache, Utah Lako and Salt Lako Valleys.
Ask Us About
TvYT r Medicinal Elements Actum ly Wd$&$ff
It contains ALL the medicinal elements of cod liver
oil, actually taken from genuine, fresh cod-livers,
with organic iron, and other body building ingredi
ents, in a deliciously palatable and easily digested
form. It is therefore recognized as the
known to medicine the original GUARANTEED
Crsnonic GoUsJs Hacking Gotsghs
Sure signs of danger ahead. VINOL is the exact medicine needed. It docs
not upset the stomach, and it surely heals and renews the irritated, diseased sur
faces that cause the cough. Try it at our risk.
Be'oncfsails Sopo lungs
There is no medicine so valuable for restoring strength to the throat and lung3
as VINOL. It is the grandest lung medicinc"known. This we guarantee.
Bahilitatod Ail TirosJ
It is not natural to feel continually tired. Wc guarantee VINOL will bring life,
strength and vigor to the debilitated, run-down system.
To GaSn FFesh To Get Strong,
Wc know VINOL will make flesh faster than any preparation containing grease,
Wc can prove that VINOL quickly creates strength.
OSsS Poosslo Weak FoouSo
Need a strengthening and invigorating rcbuilder. VINOL is of exceptional
value in such cases. VINOL positively rejuvenates old folks. Money Dack to
those not satisfied.
Diseased nerves arc due to overwork, insufficient nourishment or slow breaking
down 01 general health. VINOL actually rebuilds the entire body and heals
Palo Women PaBo GhilsSnostc
Pale, haggard faces show that the blood is poor and thin, also indicate im
perfect digestion. VINOL will correct such troubles as surely as the sun shines.
Ncis'sing Moiftcps Weak Mothers.
You know the life and future development of the child depend upon proper
nourishment. VINOL helps nature change food into body material. VINOL .
costs nothing unless it benefits.
THIS WARRANT IS PRINTED ON EVERY VINOL PACKAGE.
" TO HELP YOU i
f you take it for any of the ailments M
""": ' Vr Tl '1'c'1 lt '1S recommended, If Jj
it does not, bring it back and i3
' . gcttherr.oneyyou paid forit tg r j
. r1 .' J1 it's yours and we want i' .
.ts . '' '" , kpayonlyfromthoscjy v" ' V
; ' f , iV who are bene- A
v ' " ' ? v. . " fited by ff ' y''-n
We mean exactly what we say in this Warrant
without reservation or equivocation. We know
VINOL is the best) tonic preparation and general
rebuilder of health known to medicine. We bank
our reputation and fortune on its being wholesome,
delicious and most efficacious, and on the fact that
no other maker can produce anything like VINOL.
The statement that any other me.dicine is -the same
as VINOL is false. Don't take our word for it
try it yourself at our expense if it does" not help
you we stand the loss it costs you nothing.
,DruehI & Franken
Smith Drug o.
BETWEEN THE TEETp I
Nature provides and th il
tho difference is soTlljihtM,,?9 ar5 5
expert could tell than, WfitiUt
cause of previous rt 9StRrt; ViStf
dental work you oSr'fr tML?.
meat. let ua bcB yoi u cV tP
Ect tho names V period n WJ-
! 2y.VoVdCC kn
?uIIlfSc tof t3E 3tlh '' ''''MSw
B vlrl "mlmW .7.7 arZrt
Painlosa Extracilnc; M 'w
THE HIGHEST CTAS iV M -
TISTUY AT THE LoSt ?WZ
IS OUR MOTTO. 1L8T PlUcijttfK
Guarantee Riven with all . v 1
attendant. Hours. 8 to i. sfeJJ
Boston Dental Parlor!
I ANT!-APPcNBiC!TISJ j
1 TOOTH BRUSHES. Sg
! Certain sclentlilc Jicntlemcn
contend, that appendicitis u ho '
fluently due to swallcmlnc brt- Hi Ufl
from tooth brushes as well asftS!
the use of brushes that are nCH
readily cleaned, and hence coiW
perms l0 the inoutT,. At 3 S
and upward wo supply tho klSdeT fi
g brushes that aro free from al;
it dansers of thlo sort,
I Brag Comany H
Telephone No. 052. fv
K Cor. State and Second South Sta
I The Merit of Our!
; Is remembered lonjft
I after the price Is g;
I forgotten. j)
1 ij E2
Reasonable Prices. U
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. jCS
Ask the Mm j s
Any man who scll3 wheat In tfc'jt gjjj
: market will tell you that the j info
I KTER-MOUNTAIN MILLING COtj Wt"
3 InalEt on burins only iho very besy
Ask the Woman g
Who bakes her own bread nr.d tai-J
trlod many brands of flourt aai-
i che'II tell you that rj
!J HUSLER'S FIDOR SWKES A tR- l
; THE r.SST BREAD.
FOR TOILET AND BATH-
Fingers roughened by needlewj
.catch every stain and look hopele
dirty. Hand Sapolio removes a L(
only tho dirt, but also the loosen
injured cuticle, and restores tlic a
n-ers to their natural beauty. M JiUj
ALL GROCEBS AND DETXGO-S ,
X Monday and Tuesday. bctwMn IfcV
hours of 10 nnd 12 a .. 1 VTlu , t.-S
t at actual cost any articles you BSfi IJJj
X wish. Don't forsct our worlciW S
Buy 'old nold. 3 ft?,
F. 1. UlLIt DRUQ COm ljjj