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U '- -I'MR' Kfti'i- izikh' ' I K I K ! T 1ST HI THUBSD AY MORNING, DECEMBER 22 inn ' 1
jU8j -!D mSS j PAGE FOUR " XJUJL bAJLJL JbBJSJit 'XUJ5 U JN J2.
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I HI -Unli C'ty B B2con3'claRS roattcr
itM HP Tribune Tolopliono Numbers.
Bus!nca3 Ofrlc0 Independent C0
8flH if li Editorial Rooran WW'.' .WWW Bell. 331-3 rjngn
ill ' P. Independent, SCO-8 rlnw
I Hi H f1 Mr. Llppman Pc"-
Ilia St Independent. IMO
II U ji Colonel Nelson .WW Boll, Cl3
Vffl Thursday, December 32, 1004.
P 'This pretty custom of giving gifts Is
'Mil mm becoming more and more popular all'
lUJlltlfi lm ti10 tlme wlth 11,0 nierchants.
S I Hsi ifiln ' rs, Chadwick's friends, the Ohio j
I ; n Iff iij Btocklr.g this Christmas.
9 i iSI 8 H Judg-o 33artch has the dignified bear-
ffi'H fffl fi Ul ln and statesmanlike appearance that
18 ivm iff! -ie Senutorship calls for.
I i ; i i H ' up-to-dalo polygamlst will on New
1- U'ffi UM "2'frar's swear off taking new wives, as
I ffl m KEW C cannot ro&ar(1 tnat as a ba3 haD,t'
U mm II However, if Senator Smoot is ousted,
l ; S fi KB SiT will doubMess pronounce a few oaths
I n 33 HSI vengeance, and notj care who knows
II 8 ' H Hn I tliere are la-dles where Prof. Tanner
r fft 1 M ,s to snend tne ho,day3' ifc ls cnt,rclv
S I Hm fiUpeifl"ous t0 wlsh 1,lm a 1rcrry Cnrist
, I In Some generous ones propose to make
H many happy on Christmas, If It takes
fl tm a11 lhe soocl wisnes tne can uller t0
HH, d! It lBunderitpod that Gov.-elcot Cutler
ttf AMI Hj is now engaged in taking Utah'a meas-
IW n Bl u,e' ProParaor making a message
u 9 All the gentlemen attending the Brjtt-
B. B Rm Nelson fight vyere greatly pleased by the
If W Perhaps Senator. Sinoot can show that
JI he had a revelation that he would get
njn Into trouble I he opposed Brother Pcn-
I H rove for the apostlcship.
9 In view of his long and consistent
H life, Apostle Penrose trusts ttyat his ad-
IH mirers avIII forgive him for his brief
m lapse into truth-telling.
HKj When Apostle Taylor coines back, he
HH may prove that the statement that he
Ear has five wives Is unfair, by showing
Hi that he has six or seven.
HtiS&lolnill Candidates for legislative chaplaln-
uW fflffira; cle3 should not overlook the Importance
f l 8kk oC asBurlng- member that they can
nfK 9 'JKSK rr!ne their prayers short.
(Uu JmU As Santa Claus desires to make
flfflUffll Christmas thoroughly enjoyable, he
fUf & !$j Wjl should bring along for many: an unfall-
lul Hi lns rcmedy for Indigestion.
Illi M I J Some ot- our leading citizens can
H 'iHpfifl proudly eay that the charge of a New
6ol i fmvN "orlc professor that pooplo drink too
n r, y much water does not apply to them.
t';, If tho belief that all women who de
'; : unmarried go to hades were true, you
could no longer offend a really ga)lant
rontlcman by telling him to go there.
, ""Marriages were not as numerous dur
lnr leap year aa might have been ex
iJejited, which indicates that many
1 men 'vere rue enough to say
Tteferee Ttoche had the additional good
reas6nfor giving the decision to the
California pugilist, that he had no de
Ire to?Secome unpopular In San F'ran-
r' One prominent Senator desires to say
that no ca'jjo has been made against
Reed Smoo This friend of the Apostle
Is none otbjV than the Senator from
Anyone havbig a oacret wish to soon
succeed Iteed Smoot in the Senate, will
of course see thpt necessity for telling
the Senator that his ejection would be
on outrage. T
Vm High church officials think it unrca-
sonablo to eomplaln of tho teaching ot
9Hp religion In the school-houscs. when a
JMt portion of the time is yielded for secu-
flK ar instruction.
Almost any applicant for a State ap
SD pointment wonld send Mr.-Cutler a nice
j Christinas present, if it were understood
jH that irthe lender did riot .get a place
1 ? ypld be retun'id.
9H PorUand's Rose' associationT desiring
bjjH . largo ,attenuance at the Lewis and
Clark cxporltlon, ls now of the opinion
that Utah women are Just as good us
any, If they havo money to spend.
SOME FURTHER WRONGS.
On Wednesday morning The Tribune
gave, by way of answer to Inquiries,
some of tho general reasons why this
community has a right to resist, by ull
lawful means, the payment of tithes to
the dominant church.
Some of tho special reasons, or rather,
some of tho reasons of Bpecial classes
In the community, arc of almost equal
Interest and Importance in making a
comploto answer to the questions which
have been presented to us.
The church member himself has a
richt to object. The whole system has
been changed, and its former acknowl
edged merits are now wantinc. In an
older day It derived from members In
proportion to their ability to give, and
it distributed back Into their local com
munities largely in proportion to the
need of Individuals to receive. In this
way, It could be a great social upllfter.
Now It flows entirely to a great con
cealed reservoir at church headquar
ters. No accounting Is made of Its use,
and the member whd pays tithes in a
certain locality finds that his entire con
tribution ls taken away from that com
munity, with no adequate return af
forded. The poorer settlements are by
this method Impoverished year by year,
while the secret riches, under the direc
tion of the head of the church, are In
creased year by year.
Tho Gcntllo taxpayer or employer of
Mormon labor has his Just oauso of
complaint. If an employer, ho must
pay living wacos: and a living wngo
must be such as to permit a man of
family (and nearly all male udult tithe
payors are men of family) to live on
! considerably less than ninety per cent
of his Income, since the exactions of tho
church not only comprehend ten per
cent for tithes, but probably an aggre
gate of ten per cent more for other con
tributions. Tho Gentile employer is al
ways asked to Join In those various con
tributions, and out of generosity to his
employees, and sometimes for other rea
sons, he accedes. As a taxpayer, he ls
compelled to contribute to the support
of such tithe-payers as are past pro
ductiveness and have been abandoned
by the tithe-gatherers.
Tho men who are expending their time
and tlpir money to build a Greater Salt
Lake have also their cause for resist
ance. They are making the most stren
uous endeavors to bring capital to Utah
because of Utah's great need of devel
opment; while all the time the tithing
funds are being sent away by tho lead
ers of the church taken from Utah's
toll and profit and invested In foreign
countries, In order that the leaders of
the church may have principalities be
yond the confines of the United States,
If they should choose to migrate after
having called down the vengeance of
the country upon them.
These are but some of the special ob
jections to the tithing system. Doubt
less many of our readers could present
additional reasons, derived from their
own experience or their observation, as
to the Injustice wrought upon the Indi
vidual and community life of Utah by
this Insensate demand of the hierarchy
that It shall have and absorb into its
own unaccounted keeping one-tenth of
all that Is produced by its hundreds of
thousands of adherents.
THE PIRDSALL LAty D CASE.
The lawyers of the Senate Committee
on Privileges and Elections must have
been amazed at the record in the land
case of Leavltt vs. Blrdsall, as present
ed on Monday In the Smoot hearing
belner held. It was a case involving
a tract of land in Sevier county, for
Which Miss Cora. Blrdsall had obtained
for herself a patent from tjie United
States. It seems, however, that James
E, Leavltt claimed some sort of a con
tract with Mi33 Birdsall's father, for
an anticipatory deed of the land for
himself, on which he had made some
payments; but Blrdsall claimed that
the payments were made for use, as
rent, and not as purchase money. But
whatever it all was, this antedated the
patent which Miss Blrdsall obtained.
After her title was perfected, it ap
pears, Leavltt demanded that she deed
over the land to him; she refused, and
ho prpeceded against her In the bishop's
pourt, which found for him. On appeal,
the high council of the stake vaftirmed
thQ bishop, and the First Presidency
affirmed the high council. Miss Blrd
sall was notified to conform to the deci
sion of the church authqrllleg, on pain
of losing her fellowship in the church.
She refused, and was excommunicated.
Her anguish of mind upon this affected
her health, and she fell Into a nervous
collapse. A letter to President Seeg
mlllcr showing Miss Birdsall's condition
and, remonstrating against the harsh
ness of the treatment accorded to her,
brought from him the cruel word that
the w"oman had broken a rule of the
church "by falling to abide by the de
cision of the mouthpiece of God," evi
dently referring to the affirmation by
President Joseph F. Smith of tho Judg
ment of the bl3hop and p tho high
council of the stake. Subsequently she
yielded to that Judgment, deeded over
the land to Leavltt, and was restored
to her fellowship in the church.
The amazement would arise upon the
presentation of the record showing that
church tribunals had presumed to deal
with such a case as this, which Involves
land titles, and which must legally have
gone to the regularly established courts
for trial and determination, so tjiat the
whole matter might bo made of public
record. The fact that this was not done,
and that a church intruded its alleged
authority into such a case must have
been a clinching proof to the minds of
the CQinmlttcc that, the charge of dom-
Inance sought by the church In all af
fairs of Its people 1b a proved fact.
It Is truo that In years long gone by,
before there was an U. S. land ofilce In
Utah, and before any legal tlllea to land
were acquired, these church arbitrations
between squatters were of value, all
concerned being members of the church
and submitting their claims to the ward
or stako eccleslasts. It saved time,
saved money, and was in many cases
the only thing practical to be done. But
on the Issue of patents by the Govern
ment, and the establishment of recorded
titles, all that passed away, and by an
order of President Brlgham Young
cases Involving titles to land and water
.were excluded from the functions of the
church tribunals. To find that this order
Is set aside now, and the former prac
tice of the church courts In dealing
with land case3 reinstated, Is a reac
tionary proceeding which a not only an
impertinence in Utah, but a scandal in
"Washington, which 1b certain to havo a
bad effect not only on Senator Smoot's
case, but as against the Stato itself.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE!
"Wjio dragged tho church Into this
From the wild careening of the Nowo,
one not acquainted with the local situa
tion might Imagine that some of the so
called "enemies" had seised the church
bodily and plunged It Into this cauldron
of public Indignation.
Not so, ,
The Gentiles In Utah had fought long
enough; and they were grateful for
peace. They deplored anything that
looked liko a renewal of the old strife.
For yeara they kept their mouths closed
und their eyes shut, permitting men to
go on living with their plural wives,
showing neighborly respect and consid
eration and believing that, without spe
cial condonation of what was known ns
unlawful cohabitation, they could very
well leavo the situation for time to
remedy. Gentiles were not particularly
militant because of the absorption of
political and commercial power by tho
church. Grievous aa were some of the
burdens imposed by this autocracy, tho
Gentiles preferred peace to war, believ
ing tbat in these matters, too, timo
would make such modification as that
strife would be unnecessary.
But Apostle Reed Smoot Was not will
ing to allow this happy condition to
continue. Against every warning w))lch
the friends of Utah uttered; against tho
advice of the President of the United
States; overcoming tho reluctance of
other members of the apostolic quorum,
this man forced himself as a candidate
for the Senate upon the State, which
wag entitled to better devotjon from
him. He was elected because he was
an apostle, His right to a seat was
protested for that reason. When he an
swered he did not confine lils reply to
himself, to his own qualifications, tl the
legality of hla own election. Through
thousands of words of his voluminous
answer he dragged In the entire church
and the entire people of his faith.
Reed Smoot Is responsible In the first
degree for the whole trouble; and In
the second degree the authorities who
permitted him to sacrlfico the people
are responsible to this State and to that
God whose name they so recklessly use
In defense of their reckless doings.
And In the meantime Reed Smoot
hides behind the Mormon people and
their religious faith, and so wilfully ar
ranges his case as that, if the conten
tion of himself and his representatives
Is correct, the whole Mormon people
must suffer In order that he may be
The dragging of the church Into this
mess was a deliberate determination of
Apostle Reed Smoot' and his colleagues.
They were unwilling that Reed Smoot,
having a personal ambition, should suf
fer Its consequences; they thought once
more, as In the old daya, to rally around
them the whole body of the innocent
people, who would have averted the ca
lamity If they could, by not making tho
FIREARMS IN THE EAST.
The Associated Press deems the Gould
family of such importance that it sends
out a lengthy story concerning Master
Kingdon, the eldest son of George J.
Gould, who fired a revolver shot on
Broadw'ay to frighten a crowd of sppho
mores of Columbia university who were
seeking to haze him.
But the really Important point n the
matter ls not that it was Kingdon
Gould who did the shooting, but that In
New York a practice of carrying pistols
Is so much more cpmmop than In the
Y.rest; as that newspapers generally are
giving attention to the subject.
It was recently reported that one New
York policeman had In the course of a
year taken more than 300 pistols from
people who were illegally carrying
them. It ls not to be supposed that his
was' the average of this kind of work;
the mere fact of the publication indi
cated that ho had made the record for
the year. But even with hjs work being
the most effective, and ranging similar
performances of duty by other officers
dovn from three hundred to none; It
Is apparent that tho total number of
persons in New York carrying con
cealed firearms Is larger for the popu
lation than In any city west of the Mis
sissippi rjver. And In proportion, the
danger ls greater for each man who
goes armed in the Fast. The average
Western man understands the use of
firearms and ls not liable to accident in
handling them. If he carry a pistol it
is usually because his duty requires It
rather than for offensive or defensive
purposes. The day of the West when
every man could be pictured with a pair
, of revolyprs girded around his hips or
sticking' out of hfa boot's has passed
away; and for thrilling stories, depend-
ent upon this kind of personal arma
ment, we must look to the East.
That Kingdon Gould, son of one of the
richest men In the country, a college
student, should go armed In Now York
and should dare to fire a shot on Broad
way,, where a bullet not directed by any
.aim might kill oomo Innocent person,
demonstrates the recklessness which
has imbued the East In the matter of
carrying and ualng firearms.
THEY HAVE THE CASE REVERSED.
Somo of those who adversely discuss
the pending water preposition have ta
ken tho argument preclpely In reverse.
They assume that In tho clauses of the
options which provide for measuring the
water lnprdcr to ascertain the quanti
ty which the city must deliver; In tho
designation of tho datos for such meas
urements; and In tho peremptory right
of retaking Ihe canyon water In case
of failure of the city to dollver, tho city
ls making ihe terms, and that it could
fix better tcrm3 for ifself if It co dc
Plred. This ls not at all tho caae. The water
which the city Eeeks, is tho property
of tho farmers, In IUj use. The farmers'
rights In this use are completely estab
lished. If the city ls to get tho water
It must get it on the terms which tho
farmers impose. It Is a case In no way
alft'eront from any other case where one
hag something which another la ob
liged to buy; tho buyer must come to
the owner's torms or gc without the ar
ticle ho needs.
It ls nothing to the purposo to com
plain that the termB are harsh, or that
the city ls put at a disadvantage. The
city's position ls a necessary concomi
tant of the altuatlon; It seeks the best
terms It can obtain, needing to buy the
water. The farmers rcalizo that they
have command of the deal, and noth
ing is more natural than that they
should wish to mako themselyea abso
In plnco of raising objections of this
kind, which in view of all the facts are
frivolous, It would bo more to the pur
pose to show, if It can b3 done, that
better terms can be hod from the
farmers than these options provide for.
Unless that can be shown; unless some
one can demonstrate that options moro
favorable to the city can be had, ob
jections on this score arc Idle at this
But It should not be' lost sight of that
tho city authorities, on the showing
which they expect to make by July 1st
of ability to deliver with certainty to
the farmers, the water called for In the
options, expect with reason to obtain
Important modifications in the con
tracts then to be signed, In comparison
with the terms of the options. And
there the cast must rest, for the present.
GEORGE L SHOUP.
The death of Hon. George L. Shoup of
Idaho was. not unexpected; and doubt
less it was desired by bin? as a relief,
from the pain and tho physical Inability
under which he had suffered for
eighteen months past. George L. Shoup
was one of the great figures of the
great West. There never sat in saddle
a braver soldier or more daring scout.
In legislative halls his calm, true judg
ment was valued by the able men of the
country. In all the relations of life, he
was a dauntless friend and an ui
daunted enemy. As colonel of a regi
ment, as Governor of a commonwealth,
as a Senator of the United Stater, he
filled his stations with fidelity and
strength. Whatever he may havo to
meet on the other side, he will view
with level-fronting gaze.
MAKING A FARCE OF FAITH.
Tho Mormon leaders have made a
farce of their faith at Washington.
They have Jumped around from one
position to another under the mistaken
Impression tnat mere dexterity arouses
respect; that evasion Is impressive; and
that prevarication invokes a supposi
tion of divine enlightenment.
No one of these conclusions by thm
ls correct. They have been dealing
with men of the highest Intellectual
character men whose concept of the
Great Cause ls a reverent one.
Nothing but disrespect can follow tho
grotesquerle exhibited by the leaders
in their testimony.
When they, as revelators, have
treated an alleged revelation from God
as a kin! of rain coat, to he slipped on
or off according to the state of the
weather of the public mind, they can
pot expect to have Invoked any other
feeling than one akin to that pity
Which subllmo Christian faith enter
tains toward r-asanlsm and Its prlP3tn.
IS. O. EVftNS, 1
I Undertaker & Embalmcr.
I Open All Wight. Te-1. 364.
213 Etato St., Gait ILako City. J
GEO, G. DOYLE & CO., j
j MODERN PhUMMNG
J HOUSE HEATING I
TEL. 163. 211 STATE ST. ('
The men that can't be spared
Are the kind Insurance la mado for. Tho
picn that earn or do. If tho man that
can't bo spared Is spared, Insurance has
pot hurt him, and If ho Isn't spared, hla
value Is on record and Is paid for, Kth
, year, doing business in -U States. National
J.lfa Ins. Co. of Vt. (Mutual.) George D.
' Alder, general manager. McCor
nlck block, Salt Lako City.
il Hundrcds and llUndred8 flf lGtterS have rcac Ba,
WWmfnT' I A unselfishness in the little writer particularly touched olfl
"f ' 1 ' Glau8' N namG iS sigued to tbe 'letterj althouSh on the tej
sj IP . The letter was evidently written by Edith, as another 1
came from the sister referred to.
,Ty$8 TysS Tyd
Our entire stock of toys is arranged on tables, which are numbered. ;1
Tabic No. 1 Toys from 10c to 15c for oc.
Table No. 2 Toys from 15c to 25c for 10c.
Table 3S7o. 3 Toys from 25c to 35c for 15c.
Table No. 4 Toys from 35c to 50c for 20c.
Table No. 5 Toys from 50c to litfc for 25c.
GAMES, - .
Games from 1.50 to $2.00 for 9Sc. I
Games from 75c to 1.25 for 5Sc.
Games, including PIT and FLINCH from 50c
to 75c for 3oc.
Prices of beds are 25c, 35c, 50c, 75c, ana tin
1.50 reduced to 1-2 price. ' I
AIR GUNS 1.50 values for 1.00.
1.25 values for 75c. j
60c and G5c Doll for 50c 'i
1.25 Doll for 00c. j
Humpty-Dumpty Clown Shows $2,00 1
1.35. 1.75 for 1.25. 1.00 for G8c. ''
Parchqsi Boards 1.00 for 7oo. I
There is great enthusiasm among the children. It would do you good to see the tots hurrying
mammas to the basement. Santa Claus makes his appearance eTery afternoon at 3 o'clock. JB
Our customers and friends in all directions are
complimenting us on the stand we took in not
opening the store the first three evenings of this
week. We did it in the interests of our employees,
holding that it was too much to expect of the
jalesladies, the cash boys and the men to ask them
to come back to the store every night, even if it
did cost us the loss of a little business. The many
favorable expressions convince us that our posi
tion was well taken, to say nothing of the
words of appreciation on t he part of our employees.
There are no Christmas prices at this ft
Orje reason of our tremendous trade is the
that prices are lower than experienced sbopj
really expect. I
Aim fliraw(tnBn foir Eft
Men wishing to buy presents for Indies!
taken care of by some of our own special'
pers, who know just what to suggest and whef
find it. It is an innovation that men apptf"
for shopping to the average man is like thej5!
ster touching cold water and tljen'detf
that this thing of bathing is all nonsense apj
SEE OTHER AD ON PAGE 3.
Jt. j-?iii0 and permanent cure for
dnu:itnnc3 and the opium diseases.
Tnero la no publicity, no sickness. Ladles
fcTatcd eo privately aa nt their own
homes. The Keeley Institute, 334 W. So.
jr&njnle. SjjJt Lake City, Utah.
fei ' in order to help Santa ClM