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ByLXXVI., NO. 43, weather TODAY-Partiy cloudy. SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, TUESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 26, 1907. v 12 PAG-ES FIVE CENTS. II
I This is Testioiooy Given By Expert on
Insanity After Hearing Long Hypo
thetical! Question Covering the
CONDITION DVl TO SHOCKS TO
THE DEFENDANT'S NERVOUS SYSTEM
Government Fails in Effort to Make Capital Out of
W Scraps of Letters Found in Mrs. Bradley's
Sj Room After the Shooting.
?SfwJal to The Tribune.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25. -Thc. trial
ilef Mrs. Bradley today was devoted
'8111115 to expert testimony on tlio is-i-heof
tompornry insanity. Dr. William
Barton, an expert on iusanit3' cases,
iud professor in Gcorgo Washington
iftnivereity of this citj', after hearing
fiie reading of 13,000 words of hypothe
cs!, framed by Judge Powers, oil the
ftn'Sence already submitted in the case,
ifpve tho opinion that the defendant
rns insane when she fired tho shot and
:'iH3pablc of distinguishing between
f'jijftt and wrong. Ho described her
kilment as "puerperal insanity." the
tmuU of criminal operations. Jlo cited
:jjany nutlioritics for District Attorney.
Ilsier, who cross-examined him, and
pld of cases that, he had treated, some
tcf the patients having gono to the in
I'liiBe hospital. The cross-examination
tjgd not .iar his testimony. Jle closed
Mi testimony just beforo adjournment.
The effort of tho Governmont to
pnake capital out of the scraps of let
'hm picked up in Mrs. Bradlo3''s loom
.(ifter the shooting failed when tho dc
Kftwc promptly i-ountercd with scraps
Wonnd at the same time and pieces of a
Buriterto Brown in which she upbraided
(Mm for unfaithfulness. Judge Powers
Kiri the letters show that the prisoner
uuditalerl suicide, and that any other
SrlosioD is incohsiioCTr,rrwithrheT' iu
waetions to pnblish letters to explain
Rkrrash act." It is contended, also,
libit the defendant would hardly have
fTrittoii a farewell letter to Brown if
$iho meditated killing him.
it The defense expects to build up the
attexupted suieido theory on the scraps
cf letters introduced today. The in
l traduction of the scraps apparently
vEdp littlo impression on the jury, but
fyfo case of tho defense, already strong,
p not weakened by anything that'oe
6 tuned today.
1EXPERT DECLARES MRS.
BRADLEY WAS INSANE
Br Associated Press.
I WASHINGTON', Nov. 25. That Mrs.
Anna M. Bradley was insane at the time
Rfc shot Former Senator Brown of Utah
rla thin city, on December S, last, was
tie opinion of Dr. William Barton of the
coedical departm cut of Georgetown unl
lrnlty, nml a specialist In nervous dls
Inw. expressed at the trial of Mrs.
j' Dr. Barton's testimony followed Die
.reding to lilm of a hypothetical question
13,000 words, covering tlie history of
eMn. Bradley's relations with Senator
Brown from tho day she met lilm to tho
fliy of th tragedy.
i Dr. Barton diagnosed Mrs. Bradley's
lament as being puerperal Insanity,
laujtd by what Iio described as tho con
lunucd assaults upon tier nervous system,
loae to tlie abortions which sho had had
f!rfoinn.'d upon her. Tn explaining why
looked upon her as an abnormal
Woman, ho said she was interested In
ping that do not usually attract wom
In. and Instanced the fact thai she was
Secretary of a political club an an ovi
Jencc of her abnormality,
k Dr. Barton was on the stand practically
jue entire dav, and was subjected to a
ficvcro cross-examination by tho District
rAlwrney, aided by the Government's In
I'jnlty experts, 73r. Smith Ely Jclllffe of
b ?, rrlc and Dr- Edward f. Brush of
J Baltimore. Dr. Barton proved to be a
llood witness for tho defence. Uis testi
imony showed his conclusions as to Mrs.
fllcy's insanity wero unshaken by tho
Mrs. Bradley Dejected.
i. Tho defondant came into court today
. ?e PaIe ad haggard, evidently In
jatlclpatlon that after all tho question of
fi.tr sanity or Insanity at tho timo of the
wmmlssion of tho act was tho para
mount issue in tho caso. While at tlmos
exhibited tho keenest Interest in all
(tnnt was said, she generally soemed in
''condition of mental dejection. As has
irfi 1 tM0 caae throughout, the trial, sho
oiiplnyed mur.h omotlon upon hearing ref
ftrencts to the love that existed between
lfkr ai,cl Senator Brown, as made known
iwoueh their letters. Whllo today sho
K2 , no l"rs, sho frcciuently bowed her
lfra "lid closed her oyea for long periods,
WarenUy oblivious to all that was go
r ,n areund her. When the session of
III ay was ove,' her face had a dls-f-""ct
expression of sadness.
rtl Brhton D. ISvans. medical director
'jthoN'ow .Tersey State Hospital for the
rtT".'' w'll Ko on the stand tomorrow,
JMd later Dr, Charles D Hill of Bnltl
t?0'. medical officer of the Mount Hope
iii '.rcRt md St. Joseph Snnltarlum of
vJ,1. city, will be called. They will both
;tUfy f0r tll(J jofcns-. For the proiweu
&r Smith Ely Jelllffo of Now York
f'wii I?r 11 ward S. Brush of fialtimore
Clvc testimony later. Dr. Evnnn and
frn' JtIIlft'o were for tho defense In the
; YW cay;, but they aro on opposite
w' of the Bradley caso.
, Experts on the Stand.
SluJVh1n tl10 trial of Mrs. Anna M. Brad
Itlih c!,arB with thd murdor of former
lumted states Senator Arthur M. Brown,
ffJS, resumed today, a number of In
SiUv.' ,e.xI'rts woro In court. It was be
Beil that tho hearim? of evidence would
ScncIuded thl3 week. The arguments
Btlhn.-esln nxt wcok, and the indlca
C nw are that tho case will ko to tho
I vJ101. ltltcr than December 5,
KQiiIm?' BraHy came into court very
Ithftn y' PPoarlnp depressed and paler
Pk?.ugual- She look a seat behind her
f wra- with cye3 cast down. At times
fihe closed her eyes, heavy black ring
around them showing: plainly, and re
mained for several minutes as if in a
stupor. Occasionally sho caught her
breath quickly, as If on the verge of
fainting. She was attired in the dark
gown she has worn since the beginning
of her trial, with a fur collar thrown
carelessly over her shoulders. She talked
to one of her lawyers and bent forward
when he spoke, as if she heard with dif
ficulty. The audience Included many women,
all showing- Intense earnestness.
Detective Charles Mullen, the first wit
ness, was asked to Identify scraps of
torn letters found In a waste basket in
Mrs. Bradley's room at the hotel where
tho shooting took place One of these
refers to other letters written by the
Would Havo Letters Published.
"Will you kindly keep these," she
wrote. "I have written you. I may need
thorn, and In case there is need for any
defense of any rashness, publish thoin.
"Mrs. Iaifton. 25 South Second, or Mrs.
Gary, could see that they were pub
lished." Everett L,. Phillips, a policeman in
charge of tho Bcrtllllon records of the
police department, said that it was he
that had pasted together the scraps of
paper found in the waste basket. lie
Identified all the letters, which ho said
had been handed him by the police prop
Dr. Wilfred Barton, Insanity expert,
called by the defense, said ho had made
a specialty of neurology and is now a
member or tho medical faculty of George
town unlvorslty. During the Inst few
years he conducted a private sanitarium
in this city for tho treatment of nervous
and mental diseases, but. was never con
nected with any husnilal JforUic gura.of
.insanity.' - "
He had brion house physician for Col
umbia hospital for women In this city
nnd had officiated In 1000 confinement
cases there, and had observed tho con
negtion between sepsis and nervous dis
eases. Sepsis, in females especially, he
considered as closely connected with
nervous diseases. He had been so strong
ly Impressed by that conviction that he
had looked up the literature on tho sub
ject very extensively. When he began
to give the result of his examinations
into the subject counsel for tho govern
ment objoctod, and ho was instructed by
.ludgo Stafford to confine his testimony
to his own experience.
Sepis Causes Insanity.
Tie declared that direct connection be
tween tho two is found In persons who
have a predisposition to Insanity, and
whoso organization Is generally regarded
as unstable, and the constant assaults
which are made on the central nervous
system by tho continual absorption of
sepsis material In tho sexual organs of
the female were sufficient to supply the
necessary mental stress or strain to bring
about a derangement of tho mind.
"Is that regarded as a cause of Insan
ity?" "Without any question."'
"Without any doubt?"
"Without any doubt."
1 Jic wiiiiess aiso iiuuiarcti inui iiuivui
ty is regarded as one of the necessary
factors In the development of Insanity.
Asked regarding the effnet of frequent
pregnancies and abortions on tho nerv
ous system, tho witness said they had
a tromendous offect and had often pro
"It Is generally accepted that repeated
miscarriages lend to prodnco nervous
troubles and to Induce Insanity." ho
added. . , ,
The long hypothetical question pre
pared by tho defense was then read to
Three Vital Questions.
There wcro three questions which were
only propounded after .ludgo Powers had
presented a complete analysis of tho
case, bringing out especially tho points
indicative of mental soundness on the
part of tho defendant. The questions
were as follows:
true what do you say as to whether or
not at tho time tho fatal shot was llred
tho patient understood tho nature of her
act was ablo to chooao and distinguish
right from wrong, and was ublo to con
trol herself to choose tho right and avoid
(2) Assuming all thso facts to be
true, what do you say as in whether or
not when the fatal shot was tlrod tho
patient was montally responsible for
what she did;
(3) --AH8mnlng all these facts to be
true, what do you say as to whether,
when the fatal shot was fired, tho patient
was sane or insane?
The staleinont of tho case was road
from typewritten data nnd was delib
erately' and carefully presented. Mrs.
Bradley's name was not mentioned, but
the facts were given as applying lo u
v.-oman. S3 years of age, which Is tho
ago of Mrs. Uradley.
"We will assume." said .fudge Pow
ers "tho case of a woman now 35 years
of age. who at tho ago of r. years was
struck on tho head about two inches
buck from tho frontal bono a severe
Wow which rendered her unconscious
confining her to her bed for two or throo
weeks. Thoreaftor she Buffered from
headache until 1(5 or 17 yoars of ago
when after an attack of smallpox and
pneumonia combined, the headaches bo
came. Ics3 frequent
"Her grandfather upon tho maternal
sido was at times Insane fc
Insanity in the Family.
"Two of her aunts upon the matornal
side becamo insane Both had delusions
of persecution and both developed homi
cidal tendencies, one died insane, ouo
Is now living, but Is suffering train jam
ytds and Is unable to travol without as
slatanco and la gradually gnnvlng worse.
He proceeded then lo relate tho story
of a suppositious woman's childhood,
young womanhood, early education in
Colorado and employed In Utah and
passed to her participation In political
Continued on Pago Two.
f JOHN D. IS OPTIMISTIC I
T IX ' ' - (I
-- WNECE5SITLFSPS i twM 1 ?
1 TO WORRY -TIMES prtete;? IQ , ?
? AND WILL CONTINUEJIC ' I . WOT - t
V.t..;,.;..;,,;..;..r..r..;r4 X-H-H"'! I -I "M I M-I-X-i-H'v
STEVE ME ill !
As Soon as Liberated, Will
Probably Be Rearrested on
Another Murder Charge.
SPOKANK. Nov. 25. Steve Adams
was admitted lo bail in the District
court at llathdruiii this morning in tho
sum of $20,000. Attorney Darrow, for
tho defendant, announced ihat the
bond would bo provided within a few
Tt is expected that as soon as Adams
is releasod on this bond he will bo re
arrested on a warrant charging him
with the murder of Arthur Collins at
Tclluride, Colo., in 1S102.
Attorneys Darrow aud llawlcy leave
at oucc for Hoio to appear in the
LIFE UXDKR KALSB
COLORS ENDS IN TRAGEDY
SF.W VOUK. Nov. 2H. Tho mystery
which surrounds Mrs. Nicholas M.
Smith, who ftn Saturday killed her hus
band, set firo lo her homo in Now Ro
chollo, and then committed suicide, Is
no nearer solution as tlmo passes. In
fact. It stoadlly Increases. Kor twenty
years the woman claimed that alio was
Graco Bulkley. daughter of tho Into
Lloul. -Gov. William II. Uulkloy of Con
necticut, and all her friends bolleved hor
story. Sho oven wont so far as to tell
them that she had been married to Da
vid Van Shiiak, who afterward dlod.
Tho real Graco Bulkley is alive, as is
her husband. David Van Shank.
Waller C. Medhurst, Mrs. Smith s first
husband, says ho married her in 1801.
and thou sho told him nho was Graco
Bulkley- , ... , , T
"Sho was tho most beautiful girl 1
over saw," he said. "I don't think that
sho was moro than 17 yenrs of frgo,
and had boon in the city for somo time.
After wo woro married and went to live
In Eighth avenue, near Flf ty-sovonth
street, she told mo tho story of her life.
Sho bald she was tho daughter of Ucut.-Gov-
W. H. Bulkley of Hartford, nnd
that aho had fallen in love with a Now
York traveling man, who Induced her to
run away with him- They camo to New
York, and wired her father that they
woro married. Tho Bulkloys promptly
disowned her. adopted a cousin from a
large Bulkley family In Connecticut, and
proceeded lo forget that sho over lived.
The cousin had tho samo name as her-
Beln 1S02 Medhurst divorced his young
wifo and he promptly lost trace of her.
PREFERS DEATH TO
DISGRACE OF ARREST
NEW YORK, Nov. SC.--Rather than
face charges of obtaining S5000 on a
forged bill of lading. Louis Straus, a
mining broker, swallowed a quantity oj
nolson at his home here tonight and died
a fow moments later. At tho II mo two
detectives woie In the house and about
to place Straus undor arrest.
William Avis, of tho firm of itlhim
A. Avis & Company, charged the mtnlng
broker with negotiating a loan of $.r000
on a bill of lading for ore said to be worth
$7500 and supposedly shipped from the
West. Avis states that not long after
the loan was negotiated he discovered
that the bill of lading was worthless.
Tho Straus family said tonight that
lie had lost about 5200.000 In the recent
decline In Wall street and had been much
depressed. The family said they knew
of his trouble over tlie loan from Avis,
Index to To day Is Tribune !
Departments. Page v
f- Kdltorlal -1 -
-J- Society t" A
Mines l 4
4- Markets 7
-r Intormountain 0 y
v Domostic. I
Expert alienist declares Mrs. v
-r Bradley was insane when she v
shot Arthur Brown 1 !
-j- Stove Adams admitted to ball
.j. in -sum of $20,000, which will
I- bo furnished 1 !
I One sensation follows another
eloselv In Caleb Powers mill'- r
a. dor trial 0
r Bank robbers at Clinton. 111.,
- lock cashier and bookkeeper
j. In vault and escupe 1 !
; Big banks of tho country pre-
.J. paring to resume cash pay-
J- ments 1 !
Bryan's views and silver in
J. crease discussed by Salt Laic-
ors 12 -I
A. M. Wrench brings Joyful tld- -J-ings
regarding finances ......12
New svstem of accounting pre- r
sr sonted to City Council 12
J. Mrs. Kittlcson displays great
J. lovo for son Arthur 12
4- Sporting News. !
J. Hal Brown tlos John Peters for
4- first place In pool lournamont.lO
v ITnlverslty athletes are working 4
- hard on football 10 n-
4. Sammy McCllntlc and Dick liy-
. land arc going ISast 10 -j.
FIRE IN RIG STORE, .
WITH ONE FATALITY
CINCINNATI, Nov 25. One person
was killed, two injured and a heavy prop
erty loss was caused by it firo In the six
story retail dry good3 house at Twelfth
and Main streets, of the William Wind
horst company, a retail dry goods firm.
Locatod In a crowded retail soctlon, tho
firo caused much oxcltement. the knowl
edge that moro than ono hundred em
ployees and an indefinlto numbor of cus
tomers wero in tho building spreading
throughout the city In remarkably quick
time. An electrician had been working
In one of tho show windows, nnd the
Hames nro believed to have started dur
ing the noon hour from crossed wires.
Shooting up tho Inner walls, tho fire
burst out furiously on tho third floor
and within little more than half an hour
the entlro building was ablaze. Fifteen
clerks are usually on tho third floor and
cevernl of these leaped from the windows
at onco. One saleswoman, Alberta Duss
ler, was so badly Injured that she died
within a short time, whllo olhors on that
floor suffered dangerously.
Julia Uagedorn suffered a fracture of
tho skull. In tho panicky crowd It was
almost Impossible to find who escaped
and reports of many dead were current,
but It was fourd that no other bodies
woro In tho building.
Tho propertv loss Is estimated at any
where from S100.000 to $250,000. At 2
o'clock tho fire was under control
JUSTICE STRECKLER IN
VERY SERIOUS CONDITION
NEW YORIC Nov. 25. Former Su
premo Justice Alfred S'treckler. who wa3
Injurod In an automobile accident near
Englowood, N. J., November lfi. has been
removed from the Englowood hospital to
his home in this city. It Is now feared
that Justice Strecklcr received Internal
injuries In the accident, and his condi
tion Is still serious. Joseph H. Eckstein
was killed In the accldont, nnd Mrs.
Strccklor died a few days later of her
Injuries. Mrs. Eckstein, who was also
Injurod, has been brought to her homo
hero. She lu on tho road to recovery.
Oilfili BOBBERS LOCI
' BANKERS "11 VAULT
Nervy Attempt to Loot Bank at
Clinton. III., Is Only Par
tial ly Successful.
BLOOM JNGTOiV, HI., Nov. 5. Tho
Slate Bank ot' Clinton was hold up anil
robbed of $2:200 in coin shortly before
ii 0 'clock tli is afternoon .by two men,
who made their escape.
It was just a few minutes aflor
closing time when tho men appeared
in tho bank and with drawn revolvers
forced Assistant Cashier William Arco,
Cashier Murphy and Bookkeeper John
i'ouufi to outer tho big vault which
thev locked. The .bulk of tlie money
had already been placed in tho cur
rency safe and the time lock sot, but
I $12200 in gold and Hilvor remained on
tho counter. This tho robbers shoveled
into a bajr and took with them to the
Hotel Honion, where they had previous
ly engaged a room. They had arranged
tho 11101103' in rolls, ho that it could bo
easilv carried, and wero just about to
lcavo tho hotel when ollicers learned
of their presence and attempted to
break in tho door.
Before they succeeded, however, this
robbers jumped from tho window onto
an adjoining roof, taking only tho $700
in gold and leaving $la00 in silver iu
tho room. It. was dark when tho men
escupod from the hotel, and all trace
of them was lost. A posso waH organ
ized and went, in pursuit.
Before the highwaymen left the bank
building they calleif up the telephone
operator and requested her to send some
one to the bank to release tho three
bank officials imprisoned in tho vault.
Charles Parker, collector of tho bank,
was tho only person who knew tho com
bination to tho vault, and' after a
short search ho was found and hurried
to tho assistauco of the imprisoned
When Parker opened tho vault door
tho mou wore almost suffocatod.
Two Suspects' Arrested.
73LOOMINGTON. 111.. Nov. 5. Tho
two men suspected of bolng Clinton
bank robbers were arrested at 10:10 this
morning, one at Kennoy and the other
at Bpauldlng. They are now en routo
HOLIDAYS STILL THE
RULE IN CALIFORNIA
SACRAMENTO. Cal.. Nov. Hn. Gover
nor Cllllctt slatod today that ho would
continue lo cnll regular holidays from
now until next Saturday night. At that
lime h will Issuo a proclamation de
claring a series of special holidays, pro
vided for by the new act passed by tho
Jeslslaturo last week, thn scries lo be
gin en Monday, Docomber 2.
Until Monday the Huporlor courts will
bo unable to transact any Judicial bu.il
nes'i On and aflor that dato and during
the' tlmo the spe-'ial holidays are In forco
thov "an bear all matters oxcept those
involving an exploded or Implied demand
for tho direct payment of money.
Maxwell Gives Bond.
NETV YORK. Nov. 2o. Former Presi
dent Mnxwell of the Dorough bank of
Brooklyn, undor Indictment for grand lar
conv and forgery, and who has boon
locked up scvoral days In dofault of ball,
was roleiiscd tonight, bonds of $30,000
having been furnished.
Treasury Department Officials
Confident of Success of the
BANKS OF THE COUNTRY
GETTING BACK TO NORMAL
James B. Forgan, Chicago Fi
nancier, Takes Optimistic
View of Situation.
WASHINGTON, !Nov. 25. A moro
confident tone iu regard to the success
of the new loans prevailed at tho
Treasury department today than at any
timo since the announcement of the
lonns a week ago. The visits of Mr.
Morgan on Friday and Saturday were
followed today by a visit from James
B. Forgan, president of the First Na
tional bank of Chicago. Mr. Forgan
saw the President, Secretary Cortelyou
and Treasurer Treat, and expressed
his belief that ihc banks throughout
the country would be soon in a posi
tion to resume caBh payments. The
subject is of peculiar interest to the
treasury officials, because for nearly a
month Government receipts havo been
declining as a direct result of the
scarcity of currency. Distillers, brew
ers and others who are required to
purchase internal revenue stamps have
not been able to secure currency in
sufficient quantities from the banks
with which to purchase thc3c stamps,
and as the collectors aro not allowed
under tho law to receive certified
checks or anything but lawful money,
except at their 7)crsonal risk, the re
sult has been that even a sufficient
amount of stamps to cover immediate
needs has been difficult to obtain.
Need of More Currency.
The Government is iusisting that de
positary banks shall, as soon as possi
ble, meet tho demands Tor currency in
this respect. Thcro seems to be a gen
end desire among the bankers in New
York, Chicago, and other sub-treasury
cities and financial centers to resume
currency payments at the earliest pos
sible moment, and Mr. Forgan 's visit
was made with a view of learning tho
views of the treasury officials on this
particular subject. .
Mr Forgau represented that the Chicago-
hanks would be -able .to Tesumo,
upon an .understanding -with tho banks
in other cities, within tlie next, wook
or ten days at the latest. Minneapolis
and St. Paul banks, he said, were quite
readv to resume at any time, and might
take" tho initiative in this respect very
soon. It is believed among the treas
ury officials that a complete under
standing was arrived at between the
banks of New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimore. Cincinnati, Chicago. St.
Louis, New Orleans and San Francisco,
bv which thcro will be a general re
sumption of currency payments within
tho next few days and possibly before
the closo of the present week.
Good Reports Received.
The reports received at the Treasury
department today from New York, Chi
cago and Boston are that curroncy pay
ments by the banks are on the in
crease, and that, tho situation at these
cities and. in fact, all other points, is
Tt is learned that New York and
Chicago are at present making dailv
dhipmcnls of large sums to the crop
moving centers of tho West and South,
and it is confidently believed that these
shipments will he continued in increas
ing amounts until normal conditions arc
again reached or until tho necessity
for them has passed.
Fn addition to the discussion ofVash
resumption. Mr. Forgan left tangible
evidence of his visit in a subscription
bv tho Chicago Clearing houso banks
for .4i2.GOO.OUO of the now one year
certificates. Additional amounts of
these certificates arc stoadily coming
to the treasury as security for bank
note circulation. Thcso represent allot
ments made by Secretary Cortelyou
about tho middle of Inst week.
Subscriptions for tho Panama 2 per
cent bonds are also arriving in largo
numbers. These subscriptions aro so
uumorous that it is not expected that
it, will bo possible to open, schedule
aud classify tho bids before closing the
Treasury department on Saturday night
niter tlie timo for subscriptions expires
at noon. Tt may indeed require moro
than ono day to complete tho elassi
fication and comparison of bids iu or
der to determine which bids are tho
Statement Shows Littlo.
The daily cash statement ol the
treasury docs not. yet show the effect
of anv considerable payments for the
now certificates. This is partly be
cause only 25 per cent oftho face value
of the a'mount sold is paid into the
treasury in cash, while the remaining
75 per'cont is left with tp banks on
deposit. U. is also due in a consid
erable measure to the timo required
for advices from one office to another
of the transfer of funds.
Although applications nnd cash de
posits for tho new t.rensury certificates
aro being received at tho treasury in
increasing numbers from individuals
as well as from national banks, it is
learned that no allot meats havo thus
far .been made except to banks that
desiro to use them as a basis for cir
culation. All applications received from
individuals and from banks whose .limit
under the law has been reached are
being laid asido for the time being, and
if allotments aro made to them at all, ,
it is believed it will not bo as long as
tho present strong domand continues
for them from banks desiring them for
Tho declared purpose of Secretary
Cortelyou in issuing tho certificates
was Lo increase the volume otm outstand
ing currency, and this object, it is
said, can best be accomplished through
the ' increased issuo of national bank
Continued on Pago Two
Tenement-House Fire Trap I? H
Scene of Horror in New H
York's Italian Quarter.
YICTIMS.CUT OFF, WITH I
NO CHANCE OF ESCAPE
Work Believed to Have Been H
Done by Criminals ith H
Desire for Revenge.
NEW YORK, Nov. L'.Thirtecn ijl
persons lost their lives arid ' several I
others were injured early today in a I
tenement house fire at 109 Eighth I
street and Second avenue. All the J
dead were Italians. Seven of the thi r- ' JH
teen were children. The bodies were 1
found huddled together in rooms on i
the top lloor of the f pur-story building. f
where the terror-stricken people had '
been driven by the flames which rushed j
up from the lowel Uoors. They died
before thej could cach windows which J
led to lire escapes. Some had been
enveloped in the Humes and burned ' (
alive. Othtrs, overcome by smoke, '
were spared tho agonies of death by
That the fatal fire was the work ot
incendiaries who sought revenge is the
opinion of the police and fircinen, who
made tho first hasty examination.
Three weeks ago three 'Italians were
caught iu the act of trying to rob a
safo in the saloon of Giuseppe Cudauo,
on the ground floor. The safe con
tnincd over $2000, which the saloon-.
keeper's friends had withdrawn from
banks during tho money panic. Tho
would-be robbers were arrest o'd and aro
now awaiting trial.
Started iu Saloon.
The fire of today started in Cudano's
saloon, and the police believe it may
have been the work of the friends of
the prisoners who took this means of '
squaring the account with the saloon
keeper. Cudauo discovered the lire when ho .
went .down to open his place of busi-
ness early this morning. .s he opened
the door he was mot by a rush of
flames. Ho dashed up the stairs to the
tenements above, crying out for the
occupants of the building lo run for
tlicjr lives. When he'reaehed tho rooni3
occupied by his own family he burst
iu the door and, seizing his young, son
Dimonio in his arms, told Mrs. I'u
dano and other members of the family
to follow. Cudano aud the boy man
aged to find their way downstairs to
tho street, but before the woman could
get through the flames had cut off the
exit bv that avenue. Jt is supposed
that Mrs. Cudano and the other chil
dren sought safety iu the upper part o
the building. VM
Just what happened in the burniug VM
building beforo the fire was checked , jH
uevcr will be known. So quickly did JM
tho flames spread that almost beforo
Iho firemen arrived the whole building
was a furnace and it was impossible
for any one to enter.
No Chance to Escape.
Kven the cries of the agonized worn
on and children were drowned by the
roar and crackle of the flames, the hiss-
iug engijios nnd the frantic, babbling '
crowd which pressed as closely as pos- v
siblc to the firo lines. Not a siuglc
person was seen to appear at any of ' JM
the windows of the blazing building H
with the exception of those on the sec
ond floor, from which several persons M
reached the firo escape and wcro res- IH
cued. The renson for this was ox
plained when, after the flames nad
been partially controlled, iiromen
fought their way through tho smoko to
the upper floor. .
There thev came on piles ot dead.
where they had fallen victims to the
rush of flames and smoke even beforo
thev had a chance to attempt to save
themselves. In one of tho heaps tho
firemen found a woman who had made
one last desperate effort, to save the
life of lnr baby, oven when she knew
that she herself" was doomed to a horn-
bio death. She had folded her arms
tightlv around the little one and then
huddled dowu close to the floor, her
own bodv protecting that ot the child,
The motlicr's body was badly burned;
that of the child bore scarcely a mark,
but it was dead of suffocation. On ,
overv side of the mother and child tho
bodies of victims were found.
FIFTY YEARS FOR
HELENA. Mont.. Nov. 25. Tho Jury In
the District court at 10 o'clocic tonight
convicted George Melville, the slayer of
WInfleld GuihrTo. of murder in the .soc- ,
ond degree and fixed his punishment at
fifty years In the ponllcntlary.
The crime with which Melville was
charged occurred In Bald Butte last May.
the direct cause of the trouble beinpr tho
chastisement by Mrs. Melville of Guth- BBJ
lie's sovcn-vear-old son. Tho testimony HB1
of the victim's child materially assisted BB
the prosecution. BBJ
Melville's wife. 2 years old. has been
married threo limes, her initial matrl
monlal venture being made when fifteen BVJ
years old. Her first husband was killed
bv hor stcpfathur, who Is now in tho BBJ
State penitentiary. The prisoner's wlfo
was the principal In tho Mclvillo-Northoy BBJ
blKnmv caso two years ago In Uutto. Sho
was married to Melville in 1001.
JUDGE J. C. HELM
FOR SUPREME BENCH
DEN'VER. Colo., Nov. 25. Governor
Kuchtcl today appointed Judge Joseph
C Helm of this city Associate Justice
of the Supremo Court to succeed Judgo
Charles K. Caswell, deceased. Judge BJ
Helm has been u lender In the Ropubll- BB
can partv. and at the bar since coming BJ
to Colorado from Iowa in 1S75. In 1SS2 BJ
lie was elected nn Associate Justice of BB
tho Supremo Court, and later served as BJ
Chief Justice. Ho resigned from tho BJ
bench In IS'JI to run for Governor agulnst BJ
Watte, but was defeated. Since that BJ
time ho has been active In the practice BB
of law. Judge Helm wao born in Chi- BJ
cab in 848. 'BJ