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title: 'The Salt Lake tribune. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, September 23, 1909, Image 1',
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IBmMEKCIAL TRAVELERS " J - r i
Utjmthc Sin,rsU world. They arc as ' I Z (4 tfW M 53 SUCCESS, TRIUMPH. VICTORY. H
jggjeEmbor permlln ofjopjj ( - . ft
.W'' LXXIX' m 182 hbe TODAY-rair. SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 23, 1909. 14 PAGES-FIVE CENTS. I
10UAS F, WALSH
f Executive of the Nation
3iBreaIaasfs With Colorado
IEECH ON IRRIGATION
H SCHEDULED FOR SPOKANE
$S -esilejit Getting Great Enjoy
8 meat Out of Trip in
u: Mountains. ,
f 5 PUEBLO. Holo.. Sept. 22. President
ft tonight if crossing the Continental
Kh vide and tomorrow morning ho will
xty a himself west of the Koekv moun
'tj inc. All dnv the president Ikis trav-
hi with the panorama of the w'hitc
'''tlj'j pped peaks of the liockics in view,
'fl d nfc one time the tniin ran for a
lo or more through fields of snow.
inight at. Tennessee Pass the climb
' fciij '"tho top of the divide carries the chief
igistrato to an altitude of 20,210 Xoct;
rtIj- two miles high,
leij V 8Fr t"0 fi'Rt 1 5 iii e. Iho president is
5j deling to the west through tho Royal
ire -rlcansas where at one
tl-Vf a'p.e the half-mile deep canyon is
Vfcs irrow that there is not room for the
jjk? sck and the river, and the former
iit s to be carried over t he rushing wn
' iH'lj fs of the stream by means of a hang-
g bridge, suspended by cables em
dded in the rock Avails of the chasm.
ie eleven-mile ride through the gorge
IE made by moonlight tonight, the
Mkli esident "s train having left hero at
K3j(t 3o p. m. and reaching the haugin
jjJJJ adge two hours later.
rt!l.- jThe president did not feel the alti
Mai dc at all todav, and at the cud of
"tgT jf-first week oi one-nighty stands, "
7jtjL Jis in splendid healt.h, despite tho of
trt.s of the hospitable west and its
tki't 51,orat' :i,1(l never-ending breakfasts,
. ? nehcoiis and dinners,
jju jMr..Tafl "s voice also is in the best
iW condition. There was a little huski-
es for a time, but it has about disap
jjjg Jr Breakfasts vrith Walsh.
iti Beginning the first of the two day
bis Colorado tour, Ir. 'J'aft motored
ill's urteen miles out of Denver to break-
fit this nioruiug at the home ot
iugk 'omas R Walsh, and at the request
raas, jtthe owner, roehristenod as ''Clon
let'S 1" the estate heretofore known as
fai fTaking train at Wolhurst, with an
tja'4 ditional irain tilled with Colorado
. opJo as an efcorl, the president pro
cded to Colorado .Springs, where he
r&s i&a a brief address in the public park
hjit jftno of tho largest crowds of the tnr
HK i then made a hurry-up automobile
jftw ar to points of scenic interest. At an
tflfia tinencc overlooking the valley of the
fers irdon of the Gods, with the Rockies--
r tlhc background and dark cumulous
st Wis plaving tag with Pilces Penk.
flai Taf t ' expressed great admiratiou
laZj'ji 'fiho icw Avith unrestrained enthusi
(j'J,; (From Colorado Springs the ptiny
it mo on to Pueblo, where the presidenl
JSsV ft the train at the -Mineral Palace
irk and was driven at the head of a
Ji ric procession of automobiles to the
te fair grounds, to face another ox
fi jhrnut throng and to make a brief ex
Mn imporaneous speech in appreciation or
c reception that Colorado has extend-
llto him. ... .
'' iSccrelarv of the rntenor Jlallinfcer
fined the" presidential party at JJen--??!
gr and will go thronuh lo Seattle with
7r,B ib prosident. Ho will assist. Mr. Tail
Tirnorrow afternoon in tlic forniaWjpeu
ra'ig of the (iunnisoii tunnel at Mont
7l'c, Colo., the greatest irrigation pro
M jfit the government has ever itndei-
tl& Ei2 Speech for Spokane.
itthsjiNIr. Taft aunounced today that he
Sta'&rill not make his speci.-h upon the
lkl; ibkot of the conscrvatiAn ol naturaJ
ittfri fsoiu-ccs the topi-; of supreme intcr-,fflE'"t-55
Hc '-'funlrv tluoiigli which ac
SgS' pass during the next two weeks
s:iiiil he reaches Spokane on September
SfeS. It was al Snokani lhal ihe contjo
SSSirBV between Mr. Ballinger and Oliiet
1fffi)t6veBlor I'tneh-it arose, and Mr. J alt
Jjjgards it as probably the bet place
SSaV disci; the issue. In tho brief ref
vaWirencp;i he lias irade in his speeches
pflIfar Mr. Taft has declared that t.lio
vnlffl ischimalioii work must go on. but thai
j"Sri9.must be done in conformity AVith the
Pjkw and that no projoct will be undcr
3 liken until the money for tho work is
TS&ta- hand. .
'Jplglt was learned todav that at tho
JJfiine time President Taft wrote his let
lV.iv to fiiwrelarv Mallinger sustaining
lfiJni in .ill Hint he has done as bend
l.-UPf-U,n Mdnrmr .!l rt III ('III . llO .'NSO
tfrotfl n letter to Mr. Pinchol. Further
iipitu 'o sav that ho has had frequent
Jrresnondence with Mr. Pinchot ami
1$ iat u always have been the warm
f; it friends, Mr. Taft will not further
10 i'nimejit upon the matter.
it&i fcThe prehidential tour took on its
-m rst pictures(pio colorint of the west
& '4av v'1,l' thirtv-two shenlTs of Colo
Vfifft ijlo counties, in the costumes ol the
Wfci lains, joined the parly in a special car
d & K "ct iia an escort or guard of honor
ttif I tlio president during bis say m the
Vl ate. T khaki trousers, blue flannel
df lirts. peaked hats, cartridge belts and
tol iiaiidlcH iirolniding from holalers.
&U dy snri-'Jiiiided tho president at every
9V- Advance arrangements had been
JgjiJ i:idn for mounts' for the shenlfs and
icy found a bunch of bronchos await
j jg them al each city visited.
S Talks at SpriiiBS.
4 nis speech at Colorado Springs
jlf us afternoon tho president said:
"-"Wo are entering upon an era ol
rosjiorit" that I hope will be excep
'nm m:i1 f,n i Hh' historv of our pios
'V'y? n"t n doing so we must ,bo
hZf. Ireful not to forget the obligation
&.'H is upon us to adopt such legisia
K& ye measures in state and nation uh
l'r"in'1 nl a iccurreiice. of the abuses
!'dJi l,!k were brought so plainly to the
'Mi "nd if tho pioplo bv my predeceasor.
It is i-nsv when you are coniforta
lo and when tho income is coining m
iif5 think that i-vervt king all right.
lflw"J!j"ptH is n.s) about that lime v. Ih.ij lh'-
fi'ffim Coutim.f d ou V i at Two
Discoverer Talks to Newspaper
Men at Waldorf-Astoria
WILL TAKE TWO MONTHS
TO SUBMIT HIS PROOFS
All Questions Are Fully and
Frankly Answered by the
TRURO, X. S.. Sept. 22. Commander
Robert E. Peary had no further state
ments to make today regarding the po
lar controversy, and whilo traveling
westward to his home in Eaglo Eay
from Sydney, devoted the tinio to goiDg
over lha correspondence. The explorer
with his family left Sydney early today
and -reached Truro touight. Later the
Pcaiy party departed for Portlaud.
KKW YORK, Sept. 22. Dr. Freder
ick A. Cook tonight submitted cheer
fully to one of the severest cross-examinations
he has undergone since fie an
nounced his discovery of the north pole.
The interview, which was conducted by
forty newspaper representatives, in
cluding scvera Jl from foreign newspa
pers, proved aw least, that ho was not
afraid to meet the public.
Incidental!-, the. city of New York
officially recognized Dr. Cook's
achievement today, when the board of
aldermen passed a resolution commemo
rating his discovery and providing for
a public welcome at the city hall.
The material points of Dr. Cook's
I answers today did not differ in a groat,
j degree from his original recital. Some
slight details were cleared up, however,
which throw light on the way in which
the polar dash was effected.
As the questions asked were put by
laymen, they did not go deeply into the
scientific aspect of the expedition. But
Dr. Cook was ready to answer anything
pertinent to the issuo.
Dr. Cook was asked if he would ob
ject to showing 1iis diary He imme
diately consented, and produced a small
octave notebook, which he showed free
ly to all. It contained il pages, each
iif which was filled with fifty or sixty
lines of writing in the most minute
characters. The book, he said, con
tained considerably more than 100.0UO
words, while he has besides other books
embracing his observations and otlui
All Questions Answered.
Dr. Cook answered every quest ion in
a low voice, without hesitancy, as
though in full possession of all his facts.
The interviewers were rather Severe in
regard to details,, but nolhiug indicated
that the polar traveler's memory was
at fault, even in the most minute par
ticulars. .Sometimes, when a pctly
rpiest ion indicated ignorance, he smiled
with good humored sympathy at the
lack of technical knowledge displayed.
JN'ol. once did he refuse to reply, ex
cept when the name of Commander
Peary was broached. Even theu he
said he alwavs had and did now con
sider Peary, as his friend, but contro
versial subiects in connection with his
rival he avoided entirely, saying that
thev could wait.
When requested to say what lum oc
curred at his meeting with Harry "Whit
ney the New Haven sportsman, lie said
he' preferred to let Whitney tell his own
story, as Whitney was quite unbiased.
His' reasons in imposing secrecy on
Whitney, on rritchard. Commander
Peaiy's' cabin boy. and the Eskimos,
were prompted by his desire to be the
first to tell the world of his discovery,
fie had done ihe work, he said, ami was
entitled lo iclato how it had been car
Questions and Auswovh.
Some of the more important ques
tions put to Dr. Cook, and his replies,
Q Did auything ever occur in the
life of yourself and Mr. Pearv that
would create an enmity or bitterness
between you 7
;v; No, nothing whatever that 1
know of. . , .
6. Do vou look upon Commander
Peary as a friend or an enemy'.'
A. I must sav f do not know. 1
have Ircatcd Mr. Peary as a friend, and
until I know more about tho situation
1 shall continue to do the same,
, qDid vou ever say anything in
Utah that indicated that vou feared Cor
vour life if he got tliCD)'?
' A. Xo.
n. Would vou be willing to moot
Peary in a deb'ato when he gels here?
, As far as J! am concerned the
Pearv incident is closed. Mr. Peary
' is not the dictator of mv airairs. and
I do not care to say anything further
1 about him. ,
Meeting witn wmiuey.
O Did you know Mr. Whitney when
vou met him on your return to Etah?
x0 ho introduced himsell, but J
did "not catch his name and did not
know it until the following day.
nDid vou know that Peary was
"oinc to start up at that time?
No. i did not. know,
n What caused vou to have such
confidence in Whitney that you entrust
ed vour instruments to him? .
I knew hi in by name, and nr-
i-uiiistaiices that arose whilo 1 was with
him justified my confidence. I cave
I m the instruments to bring back be
iuso f. thought, they .would be ess
Tiablo to injury on board his vessel than
if 3 took tliem across glacicra and rough
iee covered country- .
'q What id vour opinion or the stor
told" bv the negro, llenson, of the in
formation he obtained from your two
Eskimos Eskimos were bound
down bv me not to tell any ono where
heJ h d been. I .should like you to have
enson hero and cross-question him
oiiolf. irenson's testimony is en
"tireiv founded on hearsay.
Why He Didn't Wait.
O Knowing that a shin was coming
north thiS summer for Whitney, why
Sll voi not wait for. that, ship and
..... ?1 reef to ew lort instead ot
& to f South Greenland and sailing
From there to Copenhagen . !
.".-L kiu'w the Danish gocn.nicnl
i. o.uiuued tii P.it i''" ,(;n
CAMPAIGN ADVENTURES OF MR. PAUL E. TICKS NO. 1
LET M6 SgE rTHuBionv
.OrC WHHT ON EARTH i S5P?
JmVi WAS I to 2 '
V V wmti l J
( ! " ..
5)"j -taj Ki Dyy
: W ' ' 1
TO TH& flMtcnH - -X
He Is Incidently Reminded of the Primaries
Found Near Point Wliere Presi
dents Taft and Diaz Are
EL PASO. Tex.. Sept. 22. Tho discov
cry tonight of a bomb In a residence in
course or erection In Juarez, across the
border In Mexico, by a boy. caused a sen
sation In that town. The authorities
wore notified and twelvo workmen were
II was at first reported that the bomb
was found in tho roar of the customs
house, where President Taft and Presi
dent Diaz arc to meet on October 1C, but
tills was later denied by Die authorities.
Because of the approaching mooting of
Presidents Taft and Din., ihe Mexican
authorities were extmnoly reticent.
The residence of Caniliilo Argueilcz.
where the bomb was found, is located a
block from tlii: customs house, whero
the meeting of the presidents Is to tako
place. A visit by I'i esident Diaz to Scnor
Argucllrz, who is a close personal friend
to f Jin:-., was thought probable.
Colonel Corolla, commanding tho regu
lar army in Juarez, snys the object found
was a small piece of dynamite.
"11 was no inoro lhan a quarter of a
stick." bo said. "II was probably
thrown thero by a revolutionist some
months aso, when arrests were being
made of these people."
Charged With Blackmail.
CHICAGO, fc'epl. 2-. Georgn C. llazel
lon. Jr.. playwright, and I.. Scott Kem
per, attorney, both of New York, who
were arrested here lust night charged
with attempting to extort SHIO.000 from
Mr and Mrs, lames II. Chauuon. wore
placed under bond Tor their appearance
Montana Pioneer Dead.
IIEL.T3XA. Mont.. Kept. 22. Word
reached this city today of the death al
Townsend. .Mont., yesterday of Henry
Raymond, one of the oldest pioneers of
the slate. Mr. Raymond was 7f years
of age, and was a native of Pennsylvania.
Indess to Today's Tribune
v Departments.- " Pago
I- Editorial I 1
Society 5 -I-
:- Mines fi
I- Markets T
J liilcrmountutu , 11
i- Domestic. !
-I- Taft still in Colorado 1 4-
-i Cook gives Interesting Interview. 1
Guests arriving for big colebm-
v Body of Johnson lying in state.. 2 v
I- Members 'of interstate commerce v-
; commission begin rate hearing I J
i- Riot ael Is read to tho church -
bunch S ;
-I- Where American prnunrlcs will
be held S :
James Christiansen pleads not !
guilty Wednesday 9
-h L'nlvoi-sliy must wait a while
lonccr for administration
n building 11 !
Committee on reception to Taft v
! turns down ministers II !
I- Dr. W. M. Waddoll is reprimand- ;
-r I'd by supreme court M
Twenty-one now cases of typhoid :-
2 reported Wednesday It J-
v' Julius Kruitst'hnitt lolls of Jin- I-
v provements 1-1
.i. . .t.
-I- Sporting News.
; Grand elrqull races 10
Four favorites win at ISuena
Vista 10 .J.
I- Aeronaut Curtlss to :nnk- flight. 10 I'
Mcintosh trying to sign Jeffries. to
-I- Utah handicap 10
TRIES TO MURDER WIFE.
THEN COMMITS SUICIDE
OAK LA X D. Cal.. Sept. 22. Philip
Becker, a carpenter, fired six shots at
his divorced wife on a residence street
todav. One bullet took effect, striking
the woman in the left breast.
Becker then ran away, pursued b
Dr. Henderson and a friend of Borke
lev, who was mounted. As they neared
ln'ni Becker reloaded his revolver and
shot himself in tho temple, falling dead.
Mrs. Becker was divorced from her
husband two years ago and is support
ing one child. She will recover from
STREET CAI STRIKE
Two Motornien Arc Injured and
One Will Probably
OMAHA. Neb.. Sept. 22. Riots result
ing from tho street car strike caused jn
rlous Injury to nine men tonight. The tn
jured men are motorin.cn. One will irob
James FlUpatrlck, one of the Imported
workmen, was attacked while trying to
shield a woman and her child riding in
his ear. lie was not seriously injured.
Eight cars were wrecked during the
A car. when being switched Into a barn,
was partiallv derailed by an opened
switch. A large crowd soon gathered.
The other cars came up and a blockade
followed. A new building In course of
erection furnished ammunition for strike
sympathizers, and within a short time
everv window In the cars had been bro
ken "with bricks and stones.
Sheriff Hralley responded with a force
of deputies and a patrol wagon of police
arrived Just In time to prevent an open
onlllct between the crowds and the non
Tonight witnessed the first attempt to
run cars at night, since the strike-began.
It had been planned to continue the serv
ice until 0 o'clock, but it was stopped by
the riots, ,
RIOT 18 PRECIPITATED
AT ENGINEER'S MEETING
BUTTE. Mont.. -Sept. 22. An attempt
on the part of miners and engineois.
loyal to the Western Federal Ion of Min
ers, to storm a meeting of-the engineers
who bave seceded from the federation
and sol up a dual organization of their
own. precipitated a rloi a I Howeher's hall
on West Park street tonight, shortly after
S o'clock. In which one man was shot and
seriously wounded and several others
UTonIghl's trouble at Boucher's hall
started shortly after the secessionists'
meeting had been called to oilier. During
the melee. John Cronin. socretary of tho
Untie .Miners' Union, was shot in the
band- by a member of his own follow-lng.
f Every Americas! Should Attend! Primaries I
j Delegates will be selected in the fifty-four districts of Salt Lake City tonight, who will
nominate coiuieilmen and a iiill city ticket. ,
'.f. The places of meeting will be found in another part of this issue of The Tribune. If you
t do not know the number of your district, telephone American parly headquarters, or The
T Tribune, giving your residence number, and the number of your district will be supplied.
i At promptly S o'clock the primaries will bo opened. They should remain open until 9 J
i o'clock, but sometimes over-zealous friends of candidates, seeing an advantage by tin early j
t closing, will "snap" a primary and defeat 1 lie wishes of the belated ones. Go early and slay
r until the delegates are named and duly recognized as such. 'X.
X If you do not attend Hie primaries you will have no choice in the- naming of candidates.
If. Ton will Iherefore have no cause for complaint if your favorites do not win. ; ;;
f Every American should utlcnd. The primaries are most important. And when you do at-.
? tend do not permit sharp contests to provoke you into ill-timed expressions of approval or dis- 5
j approval. y
it There should be no bitterness in these matters. Americans should be magnanimous. The j-
victors and the 'vanquished should not part as foes. The party must be harmonious, and it will ;-
T bo if true Americans arc truly good partisans. Ij!
l j ..... . j,,t..jj,,,f .1
Distinguished Men Arriving in
New York From Oilier"
ADMIRAL VON KOESTNER
OF GERMANY NOW HERE
American Battleship Fleet and
Foreign Boats Ready to
NEW YOKK. Sept. 22. Nearly
evcrj- trans-Atlantic liner today brought
distinguished guests for Iho JIudson
Fulton celebration, and in a thick l'og
off Sandv Hook the United States fleet
was waiting to thread the Narrows.
The first notable arrival was Grand
Admiral You Kouatncr of the German
navy, who came on the steamer Blue
cher. lie was met at the pier by Gen
eral Howard Carroll, representing the
state of New York, and Prosident
Truesdalo for the Hudson-Fulton com
Grand Admiral Vou Kocstne'r said he
came primarily as the representative of
the German emperor and brought, the
latter !s best wishes for the success of
Mnn of this country's foreign rep
resentatives are here, and will aid in
entertaining the visitors. Thomas J.
O'Brien, American embassador to Ja
pan, arrived today.
The American battleship fleet came
up the bay, this afternoon and anchored
in the JIudson river.
The Italian cruiser Ktnn, which, with
the Italian battleship Etruria, will rep
resent the .Italian govoruniont, arrived
here today from Norfolk.
Prince Kuni. the official representa
tive of Japan, paid a visit, to Major
General Leonard Wood, commander' of
the department of the cast, on Gover
nor's Island today. A reception was
tendered to the prince.
Glenn II. L'urtis.s was guePt of honor
today at a luncheon given by the Aero
Club" of America.
Among Ihe quests, many of whom
made speeches indicating the apprecia
tion .or America in the success of Mr.
Curtiss. were Judge. K. II. Gary, Col.
J. J. Astor, E. J. Collier and St. Clair
Wilbur Wright, who is assembling
his aeroplane at Governor's Island, did
not attend the luncheon, declining be
cause of his desire to complete the
work preparatory to his iUphts next
One of the feature? of the luuchcon
was the presentation to Mr. Curtiss by
the Aero Club of America of a gold
medal in recognition of his achievements.
LEWES, Del., Sept. 22. The three
hundredth anniversary of the discovery
of the Delaware bay "and river by Hen
ry Hudson and Iho auniversary of the
establishment of the first whiio sottle
ment in Delaware, in 1 633, by a Dutch
colony headed by David Pieterson Dev
ries, were celebrated here today. A
monument erected in memory of Dev
ries was unveiled.
The guest of honor was Baron Lou
den. Dutch minister to the United
AT LEAST FORTY-EIGHT
LIVES ARE SACRIFICED
NEW ORLEANS. Sept. 22. At least
forty-eight lives were lost in the tropi
cal hurricane which 'swept this part of
the country Monday and Monday night.
It is reported that fifty others perished
in lower Terre Bonne parish, but this
has not been confirmed.
The property loss is far heavier than
was at first believed, and will run well
into the millions In- the time the final
details are tallied.
Miles of territory have been laid
waste and crops have been practically
Shipping of all kinds in Ihe bayou
inlets was destroyed. Storehouses,
sugar mills and dwellings of every
character at Iiouma and other villages
were badly damaged.
The damage at Grand Island and
Chanieri Cauiiuada was very heavy, but
no lives were lost. The crops 011 that
island were totally destroyed, as the
water swept across it two or three feet
W. b. LOYELANIUMES
TO SMELTER COMPANY
Special to The Tribune.
MILWAUKEE. Wis.. Sept. 22. W. L.
Lovolantl. who has been associated with
the Allis-Clialmers companv for nineteen
vears, and since 190-1 manager of t lie
mining machinery department, has ac
cepted a posit iou as general manager of
the Mining and Smelter Supply com
panv. This companv 's main office is
at '42 Broadway, New York, with a
branch office at Salt Lake City. It is
the intent ion of Mr. Lovcland lo take
up his woik October 1.
Mr. Lovelnnd is a graduate of the
University of Michigan, and spent eight
vears in the mines, coming into the em
plov of the Allis-f'hainiors company in
KS90. Tie is a native of Illinois. His
father at one time was one of the
owners of the Rocky Mountain News of
FAMILY OF SIX PERSONS
WIPED OUT BY MURDER
nH'KFIELD. W. Va.. Sept. 22. An en
tire family of six persons was murdered
and tin- bodies of all but 0110 or tho vic
tims were burned with thoir home al
Hurley. V.. early today. The motive- evi
dently was robbery, as the owner of the
house, an aj;cd woman known as "Aunt
Eietty" Justice, was generally supposed to
keep' a large sum of money In the place.
Mrs. Justice, her son-in-law. George
Meadows, his wire and tbolr three chil
dren were the victims. Meadows's body,
badly mutilated, was found In the yurd.
The blackened and half-burnod bodies
of the two women and three children
were found beneath tho debris of the
house, each body bearing e ldcnces of
nundir committed before the house was
mrFiF ens I
Present Interstate Commerce !
Hearing One oi' Most im- B
portant Ever Held. I
BABCOCK PITTED AGAINST I
CREAM OF LEGAL TALENT
John A-. Mnnroe of Harriman l
System Subjected to a Cross- I
Fire of Questioning. I
With railroad promptness, the enso
of the Salt. Lake traffic bureau veTriis lM
the Chicago, "Rock Island it Pacific uH
Iinilroad company and others opened
in tho circuit courtroom in the postof- H
Geo building Wednesday morning ox-
actly at 10 o'clock. Within, five min- H
utes after Coiiimissiouer Prouty an- mH
nounccd that ihe hearing was opeu, jJ
Judge C. C. Dey for the complainants H
was making his opening address. With IJ
in fifteen minutes the first witness was H
ou the stand. Tt was aunounced that
the plain tilt's will close their case to- jH
day (Thursday) and that the defense H
will need only till Saturday night to H
give its side. H
Throughout the day I here was noth H
ing seusatioual brought to the surface. H
not even a clash between rival lawyers jl
served to lighten up the somewhat "dry H
aud dull recitals. Commissioner Prouty !H
sat at times with closed eyes, and once
oven nodded, which excited a slight H
smile. Blanket rates were thoroughly H
beaten on both sides to see if any uri- IH
lawful discrimination was concealed in H
them; flat rates were stood on end and H
much ancient railroad history was dug IH
up. until Commissioner Prouty would ;H
tactfully interrupt the proceedings as H
not essential and start the investigation !H
olf on a new line. iH
Water Competition. H
One of the main reliances of the traf H
. fie burean As that sea water competi- iH
, Jion floes not apply from Chicago west IH
and a long list of questions were in H
terrupted by the remark of the com- H
missioner that the interstate commcrc IH
, commission already had ruled on that H
point to the effect that, as Chicagr IH
rates are based on New York rates and H
as water competition 'does affect New H
r York rates, water competition does ap H
' ply from Chicago to tlio Pacific coast IH
Manager S. II. Babcock condiiciod tin- IH
case for Iho traffic bureau most of IH
tho time. Without definitely annoiuie- IH
ing his line of attack it developed as H
1 tho ease progressed that he depends IH
ou three elements to gain a ruling for 'H
lower rales to the iutermouutain conn- iH
try. l-'irsl, that rales ar unreasonabh IH
high in themselves. Thin he seeks to IH
prove by showing that, the trausconti H
nental rales to Snu Francisco through j H
Salt Lake pa- a profit to the railroad6 H
or the roads would not haul the freight IH
and that if this longer haul pays then ' H
, the shorter haul to Salt Lake from IH
eastern points would pay in the stum H
proportion if made a certain propor- ; H
tion of tho coast rate. : IH
The. railroads met this argument bv H
claiming that coast, rates pny "some :JH
thing" into the general fund "that goes I H
to make profits, but only a very low jj H
proportion, hence inland rateu must be t'H
higher to make up an average earning j H
power of about S per cent, which Att.or I IH
ney C. R Dillard for ihe defense, the :H
railroads, claimed was all the Harri ijH
man lines earned net. Tho railroads H
illustrated tho matter in several ways.
Like a restaurant, for instance, where
coffee or tea is almost all profit, but .
a steak may pay a very small profit.
No 011c rate, or the rates over an' ono 1
road or part of a road, could, so the J'H
1 ail road men claimed, in justice be
considered alone. The rates in any ono Kl
ease must be taken as a whole, nust so ii;H
each is not unjust in itself.
Another point brought to tho front (ll
by the plain tifi's was that the railroads
had paid well under the old system in i
vogue when rebating was the almost lll
universal custom, aud that as rebatintr !
had been done away with and tho full IIH
t a rili charged that today the rate ac 'IH
lually paid by the shipper was higher -IH
lhan it used lo be.
The railroad men met this statement
by saying that rebating, while in some
instances it reached as high as 50 per "11
cent, on the whole did not run over 10 j 'M
to 12 per cent at the most. Even at I'l
I his the published tariffs when rebar
ing was practiced were fully 25 per tl
cent higher than they are today, hence iH
10 per cent off tho higher published ',H
rate was more than the full but lower '
published rate of today. h.l
Another attack made by Manager "
Babcock was that the rates on all lines
of road from Chicago to Omaha were -H
much less than from Omaha, not: onlv , 'H
in t hem solves, but in proportion to ,
mileage. He contended that as the f
eastern roads paid well ou these low
rates tho roads west of tho river could
give the same rates lo Salt Lake aud
pay full- as woll. i
'I'he defense met this argument by '
stating that population east of the
Missouri river is denser, hence the
traffic is denser and could afford to bo
hauled for less per ton. The fact that; t jH
tthore wore more roads to do the east
em business was more than balanced 11
by lesser cost to construct, there bo 'H
ing no iiiouutnins and long stretches ,
of desert; that the traffic was great )
enough lo give a heavy tonnage on each t'H
road, and that where there were a uum- t jl
her of roads all lighting for the same hM
business competition forced the price
Another content ion of Manager Bab
cock that sea water rates did not applv IH
naturally to Chicago was met by the . iH
cominissioners themselves by saying
that, the commission already had ruled
tliat such rates did so apply.
Mileago in Hate Making. ,
Time and again tho plaintiffs inlro- H
ducod the idea that mileage shonld gov- iH
em in rate making, if not entirely, at ,
least to a much greater extent ahan is 'H
now practiced iu the west. Manager
Babcock showed that the most success 1
ful system of rates practiced in Aineri
ca, those in use for all the country cast jH
of Chicago and north of the Ohio river. tM
except New England, are on a mileage . H
Continued on Page Two. '1