Newspaper Page Text
, 2 THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 2, 1912. ft?5
At the left of the top row is Mrs. W. A. Wetzel, matron of honor; next in order, reading left to right, in top row, the young ladies are: Martha Tadje, Uintah; Rebecca AtMn, Tooele; Sarah Burton, Salt Lake; Mattie Thoraley, Dfici
county; Mina Taylor, Utah county; Ivy Spencer, Sanpete; La Verne Ingram, Juab; Lillian Wright, Weber; Margaret Smurthwaite, Emery; Irene Jackson, Beaver; Ivy Welch, Morgan; Leah Brown, Sevier; Belle Pace, Wayne. IEj
I Bottom row, left to right: Grace Hopkins, Millard; Lucy Bronson, San Juan; Ethel Hales, Summit; Mabel Ritchie, Wasatch; Bessie Spencer, Kane; Lucile May Francke, Salt Lake; Tessie Harmon, Carbon; Winifred Cummings, Hutf
j Hilma Hallman, Iron; Feuella Heywood, Garfield; Sibyl Shafer, Grand; Ethel Jarvis, Washington; Gladys Kimball, Rich; Anna Olson, Box Elder.
.CONSERVATION OF WATER
; j IS EARNESTLY DISCUSSED
(Continued from Page One.)
I, consideration, since it is for them that
the projects were bojnp; built and
' through Ihcm the reclamation fund re-
I plenisliert, the congressman insisted that
' they should not attempt to interfere
with the service lest they bring about
a serious tie-up of construction opera
tions and delay the completion of the
! Merger Hotly Opposed.
An attempt to bring- about a merger
of the irrigation congress and the dry
farming congress on the ground that
both organizations had similar prob
lems and aims ultimately identical mot
with a .storm of opposition at the morn
ing session. George H, Maxwell of
I Chicago, editor of a Chicago publica
tion devoted to reclamation and irri
gation, advocated such a merger in a
brief speech. He insisted that much
duplicate effort could 'be eliminated
. and more direct results achieved along
the lines of general development of the
connrrv by combining the two con
gresses. M - ,
D. H. "Wilke, debate from Colorado.
John Knight of Missouri and severaj
ntlier delegates protested strenuously to
the suggestion, the remarks of Knight
railing for much approving applause. He
declared that the Irrigation congress had
accomplished mighty things In Its line
and would continue to do so under its
own flag, whereas a union with an or
ganization in some ways directly op
posite In Its alms might develop ob
stacles. He urged "sticking right at the
proposition of irrigation while there yet
remains an arid acre capable of bolng
put under the magic touch of water,"
Union Not Favored.
Another suggestion far broader than
. the first, urging the combination of the
Irrigation congress, the National Recla
' mation association, the Dry Farming
rougrcfP, the Transmisslsslppl Commer
cial congress and other semi-public or
ganizations, was presented to the meet
ing In Mjp form of a letter from advocates
of the plan
This, too. called for much protest,
man-- of the delegates declaring ve
hemently that the irrigation congress
1 should not lose Its identity after twenty
! on" vears of honorablo and successful
1 achievement. Both suggestions finally
were referred to tho committee on reso
lutions, but from the manifest altitude
of the majority of the delegates, neither
has much chance of receiving favorable
Knight of Missouri, while unalterably
opposed to a merger, presented the sug
gestion that by nn amendment to the
by-laws an agreement could be reached
between the various public bodies where
by each could 6end large delegates to
the gatherings of the other, thus ef
fecting a co-operation that might prove
Many resolutions advocating Important
constructive leglfdtaion wore laid before
mm Complete .
This company guarantees the
payment of the mortgages se
curing the 6 per cent Secured
. CortiflcateB 1 issues.
These Certificates therefore
combine tho three moat im
' portant requisites of a dosira-
i) ble investment unquestioned
y safety, substantial interest and
Hi Certificates issued for
j I amounts of SI. 00 and upwards.
i SALT LAKE security
H H & TRUST company
32 Main Street.
the congress, yesterday and referred to
the resolution committee for later action.
Chief among these was that Introduced
by George 15. Barstow of Texas Indors
ing the Ncwlands river regulation bill
calling for the harnessing of all water
ways for the prevention of flood, pro
motion of navigation, storing of waters
.for Irrigation and power purposes and
the building of canals for creation of In
land water transportation means. This
bill, Introduced by Senator Newlands of
Nevada, president of the congress, calls
, for the expenditure o about 350,000,000 a
year for the next ten years and contem
plates -the scientific control of every large
river In the country from Its source to
its mouth on a scale that will insure
the greatest possible amount of good
from the nation's water "supply. From
the enthusiasm with which this project
has been received by the delegates since
its first announcement by President
Ncwlands at the opening session, the pas
sage of the Barstow resolution is con
sidered certain. The resolution follows:
i Resolved, That we give our Indorse
ment and commendation to the New
lands river regulation bill, and urge
every delegate to co-operate In every
posslblo way In securing Its enact
ment by tho federal congress during
the coming scbsIou.
To Safeguard Resources.
We heartily favor the principles of
this bill which recognizes each river
and Its tributaries ns a unit from
source to mouth, and involves the
complete control of Its waters, not
only as heretofore, by levee protection
botow but by storage and control of
the flood waters above in such a way
aB to promote Irrigtaion, drainage
and power, and to mJtlgate the de
structive violence of tho floods, thus
turning the floods from destructive
to beneficial usee.
Another resolution presented bv Mr.
Barstow calls for the creation by the
federal government of an Irrigation land
fund to aid Immigrants and others seek
ing to cultivate the soil in establishing
themselves on the land. The resolution
Whereas, A crying need of the
United States today Is that a very
much larger percentage -of Its people
should become cultivators of Us
WhcreaB, A very large percentage
of tho Immigrants coming to our
shores belong to tho farming class,
but lack the means to purchase lands
In the great west Rnd southwest parts
of our country; be It and it Is hore
Resolved, That the twentieth Na
tional Irrigation congress now con
vened at Salt Uike City. I'tah, rec
ommends that the federal congress at
VaHhlngton Inquire Into the feasi
bility and wisdom of having the na
tional government establish what may
be termed an "Irrigation land fund,"
the same to be safeguarded by prop
er legal and administrative machin
ery, for the purpose of giving aid
and ndvlco In securing land under the
public domain and making loan's to
such Immigrants or other people
within our borders, so as to enable
them to purchase and cultivate such
lauds and establish homes thereon.
Asks for Consideration.
Kurt Grunwald of Pueblo, Colo, in
troduced a resolution urging that the
promoters of all private projects, the fed
eral reclamation authorities and the
courts take Into consideration the ques
tion of tho highest amount of wood to be
gained from the water In soli ling mat
ters of -irrigation rights. The resolu
tion would make the question ol bene
ficial efficiency the basia for the admin
istration or laws governing water rights.
U 8. Kinney of Salt Lake treated the
samo question In detail In R masterlx
"ion"'88 dcIlvered al llle afternoon ses-
B. A. Etnheverry, head of the' depart
ment or Irrlgntio,, of the University of
California. wh the first speaker at th
morning session. He delivered an In
structive address on tho need and duty
of the Irrlgatlonlst to get the highest
possible amount of good out of the wa
ter he handles hy eliminating unneces
sary waate. The speaker recounted t'ho
common errors Into which th Irriga
tors are Inclined to -rail and then, by con
tract, explained the best methods for
overcoming these faulta. Tie declared
that fully i0 per cent of the water di
verted from Its nntural courses ror Irri
gation throughout America Is wasted and
that by applying latest scientific methods
the same water supply could be mado to
serve an area two or three times as great
as is now served.
"The Importance of effecting this cqn
'serVatlon of the available water supply Is
paramount," ho said, "when it Is consid
ered that oven under full and economical
development this supply will serve but a
small portion of the total area adapted
to Irrigation in the arid and seml-arld
Wasteful irrigation and over-Irrigation
represents a double evil. Mr. Etcheverry
pointed out. Inasmuch as the placing of
too much water on the land has been
the cause of more than 10 per cent of.
the irrigated lands becoming unlit for
crop production. The soil becomes wa
terlogged and accumulates alkali salts
from too much water, ho said.
Iow duty and high duty of water are
coming to be factors In the settlement
of water rights in the courts of law, he
.declared. The courts are beinning to take
Into consideration the question of which
claimant upon disputed water rights
gains the highest duty from the water to
Faces Real Problem.
J. T.. Finkle of- Oregon followed Mr.
Etcheverry with an address on the
"Problems of the Actual Irrigator." He
Eald in part:
Now the first problem, of course.
Is to grow enough stuff on the land
to meet the grocery bill, the banker's
notice of overdraft, ditch maintenance
fees and taxes.
Eliminate the speculative Increase
in land valuation and brand it as a
curse to the true development of any
project. The real problem and only
question worth considering Is whether
or not the land, with such water sup
ply as it has, will make a living for
the occupant and a suitable home in
which to enjoy that living.
Assuming that the climate and the
seasons are right and tho market
fair: that the Initial cost of land
and water right is $100 per acre; that
the cost of leveling, dyking, surfac
ing or otherwise preparing for satis
factory and permanent Irrigation is
another $50 per acre, and that the
money invested Is reasonably worth
10 per oent. each aero must return
a net annual Income of $15.
Take the simple and staple crop of
alfalfa hay as the first basis for cal
culation. With thorough winter and
early spring flooding this crop will
produce In three cuttings an average
of six tons per acre. The market
value In the field for stock feeding
purposes is $6 per ton. The man with
the ten-acre tract has $P0 for his
year's work, and the man with 200
acres hap 51S00 to the good.
For the man with the len-ae're tract
the alfalfa as an exclusive production
will not be worth while. lie must,
therefore, work out his problem by
the addition of Vegetables, small
fruits and other diversified products
until he can bring his larger fruits
The production of alfalfa seed pro
duces net returns of from $50 to $75
per acre at present market prices.
Fruit, melons and" garden truck yield
handsome returns, involving more
labor and skill, but opening a field of
endeavor for the man with moder
ate means and providing homes for
So wc conclude that an investment
or from $100 to 5200 per acre for Im
proved land with water right Is a safe,
sound and conservative Investment.
Actual Irrigation on tho. farm,
cither by flooding, furrow, or other
method, Is not difficult. The actual
work of Irrigating Is a pleasure and
for many 'people It is a fascinating
The greatest, drawback to an Irri
gation community is the land spec
ulator. Most good projects are handi
capped by vast arena of idle and un
occupied land held for speculation.
There ai thousands of well dressed
arid well fed lrrlgatloniss busy telling
the other fellow how to do It, but
themselves touching hand to neither
shovel nor plow. The speculative
craze catches Ihcm all. The man
with the quarter sictlon plots It In
ten-acre tracts, quits farming hlmseir.
opens an office In town and becomes
the promoter of an orchard tract
scheme. And so Ibis mad and con
tagious fever of "get rich quick" per
vades the atmosphero and contami
nates the whole Industrial commu
nity. Those who believe In the coun
try and apply their time and talonts
to Its development are getting re
sults. Their lands arc not for sale
and they are building up beautiful
homes, where they will be content to
Jlvo and rear their children.
Summing up the whole matter, tho
great problem and the only problem
Ik to find some people who arc will
ing to work. Tho big land holder
must permit the worker to come with
in at least calling distance of the
"ground floor." Give him a look-in
at actual present value for the sreater
part of your holdings and what you
keep, which should, be no mpro than'
you can successfully work yourself,
will some day make you rich, a
hoalthy and happy man.
Speaking under the topic, "The Farm
er's Golden Age," J. B. Case of Kansas
declared that the country needs less bat
tleships and more money spent for
homes. A portion of his address fol
The national congress should spend
part of tho money It Is putting Into
battleships and mako It possible for
our farmers to live on Irrigated farms
as well as they can in King George's
The cold fact Is that no amount of
patriotism or sentiment can rcgulato
the movement of population. Men
go where they think they can Im
prove their condition, regardless of
what orators or newspapers or
statesmen may say. Tho renting
class moves where land Is cheap. Tho
shrewd businesslike farmer figures;
that he can obtain more acres' and
make more money.
The farmor and stockman possess
. the best business occupation in the
nation today. With the largest crop
production in history, with high
prices, with the end of the pioneer
period and the disappearance of free
land, tho chance for the farmers'
sons becomes greater each year.
But It Is evident that a smallor num
ber of boys are staying In the coun
try, though wise men tell thorn that
the profits of the farm are greater
than ever before. The relative de
cline in agricultural population is not
necessarily a matter to be deplored.
Hold Need Apparent.
The government has done much for
irrigation, but only a trifle compared
with Its assistance In other directions.
Tho farmers and stockmen of the
west should unite to Impress on the
congressmen and senators the neces
sity of greater activity In developing
tho semlarid lands and making' homeB
for the teeming millions at our doors.
Every drop of water that falls should
be utilized; every foot of tillable land
eventually brought under the plow;
and the government should get be
hind the proposition In dead earnest,
not only for the good of tho people
here in tho west, but for the benefit
of tho whole nation.
When tho west prospers the nation
prospers. It should do this at any
cost and do It now. . Not less than
two members of tho president's cabi
net should be western men, familiar
with every condition of western land
and western need. This should be a
government of all the nation, not a
government of the cast with the west
forever begging for Its share of the
benefits. This I believe will come,
for the west Is assorting Its strength.
The farmer Is to have hl3 innings.
Opportunity at Hand.
With a production exceeding all
previous records, with a growing in
telligence that teaches bow to obtain
the most from his land, with a finan
cial . position before unknown, with
science taking the place of guess
work, with home consumption ap
proaching the measure of production,
with a steadilv increasing price lovel
for everything he raises, with new
Ideas, new processes, new opportuni
ties, the next ton years promises a
reward to thoV farmor greater than i
the world haa over Keen. The coming
decado will bo tho farmer's golden
"Irrigation Securities and the Practical
Workings of an Irrigation Project" was
the subject discussed by George A. Snow,
chairman of tho Utah board of control.
He treated the subject in striking style,
drawing upon his own fund of experi
ence ns an able and successful promo
ter of Irrigation to prove his assertions.
Mr. Snow addressed himself particu
larly to Irrigation securities and de
nounced forcibly what he termed "sky
blue" securities, or fake promotions. lie
For GRATES Coal
Yon Can't Beat
Hold Fire So Long
W. J. Wolstenholme, Manager.
Arthur McFarlane, Secretary.
Kingf Hiawatha, Black Hawk.
Wasatch 719. 73 So. Main.
advocated a system whereby tho farmor
and water user could be given complete
and correct Information concerning a
project in which he was about to trust
his fortunes and could thus be Insured
against fraudulent operations.
"Fake projects thrive on the Ignorance
of Its subscribers as to the true condi
tions," he said. "Knowledge of the es
sential conditions surrounding Irrigation
should be more general. Alleged experts
sent to Investigate projects should be
better equipped In the science of Irriga
tion." Discusses Securities.
Mr. Snow gavo many reasons why ir
rigation securities are discredited when
they are deserving of the fullest confi
dence. He made many suggestions for
overcoming tho prejudices of eastern
capitalists against loaning money on I
western irrigation projects. Ho con-1
eluded his address with an Instructive
account of tho practical workings of Ir
rigation projects as ho knew them
through personal experience.
"Irrigation is one of tho great world
movements for the subduing of the waste
places of the earth and solving many
of the perplexing social problems of the
race a movement that will be written
large In the final history of the race,"
declared Dr. John A. Wldtsoe, president
of the Utah Agricultural college, in an
address on "Tho Rational Use of Wattr
in Irrigation." He said in part:
From its humble beginning In the
city, modern American Irrigation has
grown until the census of 1009 im
ports nearly 14,000.000 acres of Irrigat
ed lands. One-half of this vast area
was brought under Irrigation since
1S99. and three-fourths since 1889.
There are three main stages in the
development of an irrigation project.
First, the construction of satlsfactoi J:
dams and canals In which the wat C3
may be stored and then led upon t U'P
land; second, the settlement upon "t
reclaimed land of a sufficient numb tnU
of people to make- full use o( t 1
opportunities of the project, ai '
third, the correct use by the settli
of the water and land so that I
project may be highly and rermanit 0
Jy profitable. The first two stag!
construction and settlement, once a nD'
compllshed are practically forev tf'
done, but the third, the use of t :?fl
water. Is of annua recurrence and:
the end will determine the success' ...
failure of the project. ( InOI
Thl3 third stage, the use of wafl i
has been given least systematic atte :
tlon; but with the increasing popti J?-1
tlon under Irrigation, It Is f ttststehi r.
(Continued on Page Tarea).,') jjjj
. These are Certainly Busy 1
Day sin our Staple Dept. 1
Attractive price reductions are offered on Ginghams, &
flannels, .flannelettes, pillows, muslins, pillow tubing, K
sheeting, etc., etc. Hk
Table Damask I j-g
Z. C. M. I. Entire Stock ofm
Blankets Included in Sale
Make provision now for the cooler days that will be here.
Choose from our entire stock at the following BJi
I 1 ! r'
price reductions: " R-
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j $3.75 Blankets, special ?3.00 BLANKETS n , ComforlSi spcC)aI i0 IKH"1
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Our Soda Fountain is certainly v BSg
proving one of the attractive spots )