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j ' THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER '6, 1012. 3 H
"fwbarcer of Chief Mugis?
Sjftlccl Shaped in Ex
?iBfion of Being- Occu
wMt of White Mouse.
jp WITH BOSSES
jjjjiK AROUSES JERSEY
en's Sons at Princeton
pe "Prexy" of Social
Krendencics When I le
KoDROW WILSON hsis been.
,BjVhooling himsolf, perhaps mi
KiCOiisciousry, but carefully ;inl
Egtudiotialy for forty years for
fed office ho will assume on
-next. Tlicro lists never boon
Kdudont of American- political
BMnC0 Hamilton, and Madison..
Rnolhitig about congress or tlio
fa50 that will tako him greatly
Hago of 20 ho had written a
hesis that showed him to be
Ktbat tirao one of tho keenest
Rof our national legislature wc
And in later 3'cars ho turned
picr(uliny upon tho Whilo
B'd wroto the most informing
unnting treaties on tlio powers
Stations of tho president that
Kr. been published,
rfrom these special investiga
K irhole life has beca a long
Bjistive study of tho American
V fcjthoir social and political re
II Bw, indeed, wcro thoso of his
ULBjJcforo him. His grandfather,
Fikon, was born in Ireland. He
m& to America about a. century
,ijjjBrtlcd in Philadelphia. That
th canital o ixo "United
H JWthat time. Ono of tho load
JujjMKlclphia nowapaporn of that
Kstho "Aurora," Thomas Jef
Kpenonal organ, .lames Wil
Bg a printer, obtained cnrploy
qgflfthB "Aurora." Also being a
0 wing, thrifty man, ho acquired
Hp of tho paper and became inli
fcquaintcd with Jefferson,
paly gTowing west bogan to
'moll over James "Wilson and
pyi in 3S20, or thereabouts,
B to Stoubonville, Ohio, where
i tho "Wcslorn Herald." Hu
uneapowcr in tho Democratic
Ohio and -was known through
itato rs "Judge" Wilson. It
K amid those surroundings of
4 Timorous pioneer life, that
OUpK 'i,,n U'o Sillier of the
Blcct, was born and grew to
KB. Wilson, began his career as
K' irst in rta academy, then
dK0a col,CKo, then in Hampden-
mejiMiogo. Hiaiiatural UjSt0j how
.pfjK for tflo ministry and after
rtMrWarati011 P011 ito the
)PB5UTPUlpit' A1)0l,L time
Janct Woodrow, daughter
Wshyterian minister at Chilli
Rfo. Sho lias been described
riably pretty and charming
MgjM was born in Carlisle, Eng
Wor father canio lo America
Mjtras but a few years old.
PeBuVVi-lon was boru in s,"u-
Pla in ISiJG. it was during
ill 110,1 cheer of that
J?8 "over left him. Ho will
V0llh h occupant of tho White
UrttftK Id Dn"uioii state.
tfflK Vo years after Woodrow Wil-.
ifll, E, , fatIlcr accepted a call
'4 fonil of tho Presbyterian
,gfKr , Rnsl,li Georgia. This was
tflimpo ono of tho most influential
rfrtflfK!M 1U lllC 50,11 h !ma "'o el-
Bith f 1,10 lcJulil'S divines
Ww3l ",lv fivo 3'urs old
B , ViIOu" !lbo' wl't
K" . llc w?s shielded
Kf ?u, I,;ii,s,ons and violent
K! ,?.1'" rtn- "l into
1 B Vi 1 !,-Y- cction hale. .
1 Bout V0, llo.9' him n,.
1 B i1'6 'siting fsu-io-
Wt 11," T re:' to him. by tho
Bead m1mV.,,imf,r lia
3U K on , ltr '"'iiarkablo when
I , oMiinn-ous appetite
I?' f. "iont-clrct hu.s al-
:E , 11 ! up rur Just
t wi i ,,rro,,t '""
ntlPK- S"1' S' V- throe
L?11;. wh" "a then
rtIK- oL A llllc ii:t itntion
.iKoL1'11, 'onmuml with
, frB2n?ns c,,,-, m,iu. t'
5 1 BSA0": MP,.ted Davit.
iiBrJ: I,0t fr hia aun'a
to .lA j , lm t,,,,p Woodrou
&mk l!,,,,lf, L'(,t
ami carried in their own wood, and
brought water from tho old pump.
About thy only record vyiin Wiliion
com to hav.j made at Davidson was
run ability to drc, cross tho campus
and get nito hin seal at cbapcl quicker
than anyone clue. Ilo is said to have
a.-.-oii,p,Hliod tho feat on several oc
casion before the chanel boll stopped
ringing. Ho is ' remembered at David
son a :i pleaMint mannered, engaging
voi.ng mm, aui 0, o" ,l0
vorv much intoroi.! od in out-of-door
sports,, wbieh at I hat time consisted
0 h.-isoiill n,ul ".shiiinv." Ho did
flv luiaeball on tho college nine for
a tinjA, i)t ,j3 rcc(m j(,.ia,)s W0l,ri
not. tvv.M to the onvv of Tv Cobb. Ther.:
is a lradiiion which lias it that on one
U'hwoii. tho captain or the team. In
coming o.ed over WiUnn's listlesn
manner ol pluy during a hotly contest
cd game, wiid:
"Wilson, you would ma ho a dandv
lazv' lf y" Wr J,0L " ,,tt,,l,,0'(1
1IIiln was at Davidson but one year,
tlio followini: year be rcmaiued at
homo, the older Wilson in the mean
time having moved to Wilmington.
1 JUS year h0 spent in preparation for
entrance into a northern university and
crttertHining j,js younger brother.
In September. 1S7.1. Woudrow Wilson
tiered lln; fre:-hnian chiss at Prince
Ion. There wore :: young mm in
Jlir dasn. Before the war Princeton
bad been tho most favored northern
college by the young tnon of Ihc south
! but afler (ho war their numbers began
to fall off, and al the time Wood row
Wilson enrolled but a very few of I ho
students hailed from routh of tho -Mason
and Dixon line.
The next president is a man who in
stiuelively bulks at doing things sim
ply because they have boon done be
I'orp. Prom hi.s earliest youth ho has
jusiMed upon Imh ocii pe'inonulily and
individuality. At the time ho eiitored
Princeton that, institution wi'.f .-just, one
of tho educational mills. Young Wil
son refused to sit snugly in I ho gi'ooo
and bo ground out.
For Public Career.
Hohad not been at Princeton long
before ho Jound out just what ho want
ed to do. And that thing was lo bo a
public man: to devote his jifo to the
service of his country. This determina
tion camo with a thrill upon reading
iu au English maga.ine a series of ar
ticles on the British parliament, pre
senting in graphic language the dra
matic scones enacted iu tho British
legislature. He never J'orgot the pic
ture, lie hunted up everything iu the
library he could find bearing upon thi.s
.subject and devoured it, and from ihat
day to this has never wavered in his
determination to play an active part
in tho stirring scenes' on his countrv's
political stage. Wilson began his prep
aration at oucc. Ilo subordinated his
regular college work to t lie task of fit
tiug himself for public lift;.
He devoted all his energ' and every
faculty he possessed to the furnishing
and tho training of his mind to the end
that ho Alight, be an authority on gov
ernment and. the history of government
'and bo a leader in tlio affairs of his
iSo mau ever subjected himself lo
steamer discipline or worked more
steadfaslly towards a final goal. He
first taught himself to write shorthand
in order that ho might make rapid di
gests of what ho read and heard. He
also practiced composition assiduously
and extemporaneous speaking that he
might bo skillvd and ready in oft" hand
Tn thoso days he was not rcmarUably
rpiiclc in extempore speaking. Today he
is without a peer in the nation in" the
arl. There have been very few men in
public life who have dared to trust
themselves to deliver important
speeches without careful writing them
out, but to get 3dr. WUfoii to write a
speech in advauco is a hard matter.
Joins "Whig Hall"
During tho first year at Princeton
Wilson joined "Whig Hall," the liter
ary debating society founded bv .lames
Madison, who also wrote its constitu
tion, lis rival society at Princeton was
"Clic Hall" and Iho annual lmdc de
bate an extemporaneous discussion, the
subject to bo given to the debaters f
fow minutes before Iho debate was to
bogin, was the. biggest thinir in a lit
erary way at tho college. Young Wil
son very soon established himself --is
the leading .spirit, of the "Whig Hall"
society and was easily its best debater.
To win lliis annual debate, in which
three representatives frin each of the
two halls participated, was the thing
that Wilson coveted most. Much hall
selected its debaters by a preliminary
contest within its own society also au
On tho evening of the preliminary
contest the subject was "Protection vs.
Frco Trade." The debaters took sides
by lot. Wilson drew "Protection"
sido from the hat. tore up the slip and
returned to his seat. Ho said nothing
Under heaven eou'ld induce him to ad
vance arguments for a thing in which
he didu 'I. believe. Lynde prize, there
fore, went lo someone else.
Wilson did not shine with any great
effulgence iu his regular college course,
llc stood forty-first in a class of 12:2.
This was (he famous class of '7!, ono
of its members being Maiden ('.' Pitney
of the supreme court bench.
About this time his natural aptitude
for leadership begun io crop out, and
before his first year was ove- he was
universally recognized at Princeton as
the leading freshman and one of Hie
muster spirits of the entire student,
body. He later became managing edi
tor "of the " Princeloniaii," and when
lie gradual ed his classmates looked to
hiii) to rise higher than any of them.
While ai I'rincelon he wrote a search
ing article on congress, which at once
stamped him as a youth of extraordi
nary caliber. This article was published
iu 'the International Review an. I in it
the young Princetonian pointed oul th;it
mo-i of the legislative business of the
nation was carried on bv small commit
tees behind closed doors. This was the
first time tho matter hud eer been
brought home to I he people of Ihc coun
try and it started them to thinking.
Wilson made the point that tho na
tion's business ought to be done iu tho
open, ought lo bo threshed out.iu public
discussion. Mven at thst early day ho
lifted up his voice against secrecy. Ho
declared that was the atmosphere in
which evil and corruption flourished and
Inst the only remedy was publicity.
After leaving Princeton Woodrow
Wilson weuf to the University of A'ir
ginin that great institution of liberal
reaming founded by Thomas Jeirersou.
He spent a year there studying iu tho
law department under the able guidance
of Dr. John P.. Iiuor.
At, the University of A'irginia, Wilson
was also a leader. Ho took a more ac
tive iuioiost in sports; joined the glee
club; he organised a debating society
and easily won both iho writer's ami
the orator's prises. Here also ho ac
quired the reputation of being a groat
joker. Ho composed nonsense rhymes
ami limericks wilh wonderful facility.
And to this duv he b fond of a witty
'iiuenelc. , .
For example, the whole count rv wiJl
recall hu lamous limciuJ. lmb he re
HI JONES, WHO IS
mm of city
Tells of His ISxpcricncc
AVith Testing and Using
the .ISTevv Tonic. Plant
Ono of Salt Lako CHy's b?t known
younr nion employees Is .Mr. Roy .Jyie's.
who h.iti work! for the lty Tour car
and whose home i ui S7I Wettl Fourth
houlh. Ilo looks after the street ctcin
lii? departtiinnt ami it always on the jo
wlrle awake and alert. Mr. Jones has
found Plant .Iul"ft Iilclily cfflilcni foi
stomach trouble and as a. pncra! ionic.
To the Plant Jiihe man at s-chr.iiiuu-.Johnsoirp.
"Plant .fulce Is sreat. It Ik the real
stuff. I felt h little off and lue bad a
bad stomach trouble. Heard so much j
about Plant .hilce, thought It wan worth
Irvine. bay relieved my stoioneb
trouble and toned mo up dandy. I b.ive
worked for the clly fouc yeary. set nff
In h'ualth like every one elf doe-, oia-c
iu a while, and have a sood de.il nr
stomach trouble; now I know what to
ilo. I have nerr tried any thins eo s-od
as Plant .luiee and I will use It whenevei
I set to feellnp bad."
Throughout Salt I.uke Clt a H H-e
ejme in all largo cltlc, there are peojije
half y-U, dynpnpile, nervous, deblbl ed?
conutlpa ted. billons, and who have more
ov less derangement of the liver and kid
npys. To alj of these. Plant .lulic offei"
Iniinedlaii. relief and eventual cure. It
Is au absolute specific for aM derange
ments of stonnii-h, liver, kbit s and
blood. It Is purely egetabl". free ol
harmful Ingredients and fully go-irao-tced.
Try It today- Sec lh dipl:i and
the Plan! Juice nnn at Sehratnm-.fnbn-soli's
store No. 5. Third fjontb and M.-jin.
I ( Ait el tlscnint.)
cited to the newspaper reporters al Sea
girt afler his nomination at Baltimore:
As a. beaut v I am not a Mar;
There are others more handsome by far.
But my face 1 don't mind It.
For I am behind It
The people in front st th Jar.
In I his love for U'holofonie noncFeii?e
and his keen, dry humor. Mr. Wilson is
very much like Ijincoln. lie further re
sembles (lie great liberator in his per
fect, simplicity and his democracy
Young Wilson had taken up the studv
of the law recognizing it as the most
direct aenue leading lo a public life.
As soon as he had completed his 'Indies
at harlottsvillo he went to Atlanta
lo launch his legal career. He joined
partnership with a young man who also
nad jiihl completed his college work.
Penick was his name ami the. shingle
of " Kenick and Wilson' was swung
out at IS Marietta street.
Too Many Lawyers.
Hut tho young men were strangers
in Atlanta. Moreover there were many
lawyers there and moreover again near
ly everyone had a relative practicing
However, it wasn't so sad as one
might think this waiting for clients
to lurn up. because, while he is the
waiting kind he invariably works while
he wails. And so he found time to
elaborate the article he had written
while at Princeton into a book. Put
he was unable to find in Atlanta the
facilities he needed to complete the
volume so iu the autumn of 1SS" he
cnteied Johns Hopkins University and
took up a course in history and political
economy under the late Herbert I.
Adams and Dr. IJicliard T. Kly.
In making his investigations Wilson
desired nothing bal the facts. His re
searches were prodigious and embassa
dor .James "Bryee found him ol great
assistance while he was compiling his
"American Commonweiilt h. ' ' The re
sult of Wilson's two years' work al
Baltimore was hi.s hook.' 'Congressional
Government: Study of tho Covcrn
ment by Commit lee."
Tt was the first account ever given
of the way American's actually gov
ern themselves. The book met. with
instant success. If was at oneo recog
nized as a final, standard work, and is
so recognized todav.
After receiving liis degree at .lohu
Hopkins, Dr. Wilson was called lo a
professorship in the new college for
women al Hryn Mawr. However he
took advantage of his vacation that
summer to journey lo Savannah, Ceor
gia and marry Miss Ellen Louise .Vi-on,
I he daughter of a long line of Georgia
clergymen. in the autumn I he
young professor and his bride started
housekeeping iu one of the prettiest
towns along what is called the "main
line" out of Philadelphia.
Tho next three vears Dr. Wilson re
mained at P-ryn Mawr teaching history
and political economy. Put he spent
two years following at Weftlcyan uni
versiiv. at Middletown. Connecticut,
teaching the same subjects. During
this neriod he also acted as a lecturer
on tho .Johns Hopkins fam'tv. Pv
this time his fame as a speaker had
spread. especiallv throughout educa
tional circles and lie was in constant
demand for addresses on most every
Publishes "The State."
During his stay at Wesleyan. Dr.
Wilson published another hook: "Tho
State," in which again was revealed
that amazing grasp on governmental
affairs and tho history of all govern
ments from the very beginning of his
tory. Tho trustees of Princeton finding the
chair of .jurisprudence and politics va
cant in the autumn of IStuj, at once
turned lo the now distinguished alum
nus of Old Nassau and offered him tho
chair He accepted with pride and joy.
For the next, twelve years. lSSlO to
10U-. Kr. Wilson lectured to his classes
at Princeton, worked on his history.
"A historv of the American People,"
and added daily to his reputation at
home and abroad. Princeton had never
before see anything Jike his classes.
His lectures were so popular that nearly
every sdudent wauled to take his
course. II was a daily occurrence for
the members of hi class to rise to
their feet at the conclusion of his lec
tures and cheer him to the echo until
he had passed out of hearing.
In 1S102 Dr. Wilson was elected pres
ident of Princetou. A change was sul
ly needed in tho administrative affairs
of the university aod the trustees rec
ognized Dr. Wilson jus the man to effect
them. He had hardly assumed his new
office before be found himself confront
ed with a situation that, was most try
ing to him. Princeton has been called
a country club for rich men's sous.
However, much or little it deserves this
appellation, tho fact remains that it
possesses jjiorc exclusive clubs than any
other great institution in the country".
There is a whole street of them, aiid
vot their total membership is confiuerl
to IblO. Thete clubs are composed ex
clusively of the two upper classes.
This clannish aristocracy, abhorrent to
the American spirit ami equally abhor
rent lo President Wilson, had nourished
at Princeton for ers until that, insti
tution wa little more than a lounging
pb'co for the gi'ded sons of Per rub.
yDr. Wilson went in to chu.ii.-i. the
Blanket Bath Robes ReadytO-Wear Week Beacon Blanket Sacqnes 1 I
I Woh S7f for AJ A 9 53,50 Vaiues fr 1
i Duckling Fleece Kim o- V W A $t f J Dressing Saccjues, g I
nas, Worth S3.50, for W fpmS!m& S2.00 Values, for I
US J? Phone Exchange 22. Calls All Departments.
i Today, Third Day of the Sale of the I I
i Great $65000 Cash Purchase for $32,500 I
I of Ready-to- JVear Garments by Our Buyer on Her Special Trip I I
e to New York. 1
I New Lines Added Today! I
1 A large lot of merchandise that was delayed in transit and has I I
I ; just arrived, will add to the already great selection I I
I of WONDERFbL DALLES
( ' Women's Suits, Dresses, I
I Coats, Gowns; .Petticoats I
! And all Juvenile Lines Included in This Great Sale. I
I IN OUR ANNEX MAIN FLOOR I
COMB TODAY As Early as Possible I
whole Ihing. He proposed the estab
lishing of the students iu quadrangles
ami "quads,'' each one to be composed
of a certain number of students from
each class together wilh preceptors. In
other words, he tried to inject, demo
cratic spirit into the university.
Denounced as "Socialist."
Immediately be was denounced as a
"leveller," a "socialist, " a man who
wanted to "make a gentleman chum
with a mucker." First the. trustees
had approved the "quad" plan by vote
but when this storm of protest and
abuse broke they were frightened into
withdrawing their approval.
Then thCre was the long fight over
the graduate college in which instance
a donor wanted to dictate to the trus
tees how his money was to bo used.
Dr. Wilson caused the trustees lo re
fuse the donation, and then another
storm broke over his head for daring
to refuse money for Old Nassau.
Pr.t his efforts went for naught.
An old graduate of Princeton died and
left the college fri.onn.OOO for a grad
uate college to be built awav from the
main buildings, just as the other donor
hail wished, and because the man was
dead hi.s wishes had to be obeyed, and
President Wilson was defeated.
Put his splendid stand for democracy
and work at Princeton was not oxer
looked bv the people of New Jersey,
and so thev called him away from the
irksome affairs at the university to .he
their governor, and thus launched him
upon a political career, which for bril
liance and rapidity of line achievement
is unparalleled in this country.
Mr. Wilson was elocted governor ot
New Jersey bv a plurality of about
flO.OOO. The platform on which he ran
contained much that is called radical
and up lo this time the governor bad
been regarded as conservative. Hut
he stood four square on the platform
and dedicated all his energies and abil
ities to Ihj! carrying out of every
plcdgo contained in that platform. As
a natural consequence he at once found
himself opposed by tho reactionaries in
tho legislature, members of his party,
as well as others. Hut the masterful
manner with which the new governor
hold the legislators to the parly pledges
in spite of everything they could do
affords one of the most interesting
chapters in American politics.
lie had already notified the people
not. to vote for him unless they want
ed him to be the leader of the Demo
cratic party in New .Jersey, for such
lie surely intended to bo if elected.
The bosses paid little attention to
this. Thev had heard something like
it before, perhaps. Hut tho governor
bad scarcely taken his seat before it
was home 'in on them that he not only
intended to be the leader of the party,
but was the leader absolutely.
Clashes With Solonc.
Tho most serious clash between the
will of the governor and tho will of tho
reactionists in the legislature, was over
the primary election law, commonly
called tho Goran act. Those who have
kept an eye on New .lersoy politics will
recall the dramatic, although quiet,
entrance of Governor Wilson into the
caucus of the Democrat ie members of
the legislature, who had gathored to
perform the last sad rite over Iho
Gcran act aud tenderly lay it in it,
grave. The governor listened to the
funeral speeches of the various mem
bers until they had all had their hear
ing and then ho tuok the floor.
"Willi not even so much an a note by
which to guide his thought the governor
talked to thoso lawmakers for threo
hours. Thoso who were prcstnt say they
will never forget that occasion. In
even, conversational toue&, but with a
vibrant perauasive .quality iu his voice
that, thrilled everyone, the governor
talkod the members ontf their posi
tion and the hill was reported favor
ably and thus New Jersey has an elc-
ion luxvns advanced n. anv state in the
I I1 1 on.
, In all h tonl'ibl- vlh th Dneo
cr.itie inembets ol He ;cui hi 1,1 Cov
ernor Wilson simp' reminded them of
the pledges contained in tho platform
on which they seeurod their office, aud
that it was not their will but the peo
ple's they were there to carry out.
If this argument did not suffice to
bring them into line he w-ould offer
to go wilh them inlo their respective
districts and debate the matter before
Afler coming in contact, a few times
with such a will and character the re
calcitrant members threw up their
hands and told the governor to go as
far as he Jikcd they would oppose him
Then the New Jersey legislature,
mastered by its governor, proceeded to
enact reform measure after reform
measure, aud before it had concluded
its first session under Governor Wil
son it enacted into luw such progres
sive measures as "The Corrupt Prac
tices, act." the employers' liabjlity act.
a moM excellent public utilities act, a
municipal commission government law.
which gives any city in the stato the
right lo adopt a commission form of
government if it so desires, and the
sterilization of anti-procreation act.
Defeats Big Boss.
The fight Iho governor had with the
reactionaries in the legislature was as
nothing compared with the one ho had
with tho big bosses as soon as he
crossed tho personal ambition of Sena
tor James Smith, Jr.
The latter was the biggest bi-partisan
boss in tho state. He had repre
sented New Jersej" oucc in tho United
States senate and ho wanted lo do it
In rhc state primary election, how
ever, James Mnrtinc had received a
largo majority of the votes in tho state.
Smith's name was not on tho primary
ballot. He had neglected to put it
there thinking that when the timocamc
for tho legislaturo to elect a senator
all he would havo lo do would bo to i
notify that body that ho desired to go
to Washington and the thing would
But again tho governor steppsd in fl
with his masterful will. Again he re
minded tho legislators that the people,
at least a majority of them, had bo
snoko a preference- for lUartine- nnd
there was nothing for thcu to do but
to ratify tho will of tho people,
The bosses gasped at tho governor h
temerity. How dared he oppose tho
mighty Smith. Ho dared, and ho won.
Naturally this brilliant record at
traded the attention of tho entiro nn
lion to tho Now Jersey governor. Hn jH
was written about and talked about i
every state and city throughout thu
Seeing the atliludo of the country
towards their favorite, the admirers o"
Governor Wilson stood up aud yelled,
"What's the matter with Wilson for
president?" The echo of that query
(Continued ou Page Four.)
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