Newspaper Page Text
2 THE SALT LAKE TRIBUNE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 20, 1912. '
I mm hits
A. F. L. President Declares
He Is Trades Unionist and
as Such He Will Con
tinue to Battle.
SAYS PARTISANS ARE
ALWAYS ON OTHER SIDE
Charges: Political Organiza
lion Adherents Would Not
Support Workers; Cites
John Mitchell Case.
By International Xcws Service.
.-- OCHESTEn. 3N V., Nov. 19. Tlio
13 Socialist party was remorselessly
BC grilled nt today's session of the
J. V American Federation of Labor.
The whole day was jflven. over to
a discussion of the Danbury hatters case
In an effort lo find some plan by which
labor organizations could be protcctod
from prosecutions. like that, of the hat
tore. The debate drifted into a contro
vers:,' between the Socialists, and trade j
.Max Hayes proposed that in order to
secure the amendnjent or repeal of the
" Sherman antl-tnist ar.t. local unions In
every city in Lic land call mass meeting
and (ell the general public why orsan
Jzed labor Is opposed to that law. Then
speaker after speaker declared that tlio
cnly wav to cot anything from congress
nas to join a clas conscience political
party and send men there who would do
something for labor. So many of the
Hocinllsts tool; advantage of the dls
cussion to call attention to their party
that Dennis A. Hayes of the slnss bot
tic blowers took them to task.
Hayes Is Bitter.
"Vou are continually arguing after
going into politics." said he. "We were
elected as trade unionists: trade union
l&ts save us the money to come here to
do something for labor. Wo were in
xlructed to do all we can for them.
M What Is this ballot box talk? If there
is anyone hero who represents a political
parly, ho ought to go to a political mect
in?. It is easy to criticise the labor
movement by. hiding behind a political
pa"t. I -will never Join your party bc
.nuso 1 am a trade unionist. Is'o trade
Hj unionist would join it."
James B. Conroy then attacked the
Socialist party, and John H. Walker of
Hj Illinois objected to the use of the party
name. James O'Connell. who was in
the chair, sustained the point of order.
Later the Socialists discovered' that they
uad 'nadc a mistake by raising the point
Gompers Takes Hand.
The climax came when President
'.tampers. Hfter yielding the chair to Vice
President O'Connell,1 closed the debate.
He brought a careful analysis of the
j day s result right up to 'the Socialist
mm hrklec and then fought his way across.
Mid he had the bulk of the delegates
behind him all Jho. way.
President Gompers began by saying.
j M won't have any man place me in
ttic position of failing to defend the liat
icrs or any set of men In their position.
1 think I, too, know something of the
struggles of the human families. In the
'-arllcst timee the first effort to suppress
t lie liberty of the people wau to take
away their right of association, the right
of free speech T was assured when the
Sherman anti-trust law was enacted that
1 if iould not he construed by the courts
to do lltit. Now wc know better.
Says He Is Impatient.
"There has not 'been a congress since
mmm organized labor has been pressing home
mmm the demand for the full rights of free
j and oluutary association- I am impa
mmv tlent. I will not. wait to protest until
mmX a labor party of worklngmen Is Intrusted
mm with power. That Is my answer to some
mmj Apcakers who urge that n so-called labor
mm party take up this matter.
mm "Four years ago w0 urged you to hold
mm .maps meetings of protest for tho hatters.
Where wero you? Where? In other
lialls, or with the other side?" He falrlv
screamed the taunting question at the
"Delegate Joseph Cannon nf the West
ern Federation of Miners, claiming per
sona privilege. Interrupted, waving- a
mM booklet and shouted:
MM . "Here le where we were, as thin book
shows, evcr- man of us in our organlza
PaTin5 twenty-five apiece to the
haiters, nctead of giving- them hot air."
. iJclcgatc Jlax Tlayes of tho typograph
ical union, wnthout waiting for recognl
tlon, shouted' "
"On the Other Side."
"Where was J? Tou know, .Mr. Chalr
man. I was stumping New Torkcltv
fpuaklng two and three times every nleht
for week p." J i-it
"And." fairly shouted Mr. Gompors,
"and you were on the other side, speak-
I The Best
H H Executor
As executor of your will this
company has many advant
ages. Its rcsponBibility is defl-
nl!ly toown by its capital
Mm HH and surplus of $400,000 00 it
mmW camiofc mve away or die
tncrel)y cauBlng the worry and
mWM oxponsc of naming a new ox-
mmm t.?nt? r J$ovor, it brings to
,; Mmm tljo "idling of your estate ex-
mmm PcrietJc gained by twenty-five
' mmm yoaZs succosaful experience in
4 11 such matters.
mmm 0a11 and consult with our
. officers regarding tho service
" H .institution can render in
I THE SALT LAKE SEOUR-
ITY & TRUST CO,,
02 Main St-
TURKS CLAIM VICTORY;
ARMISTICE IS LIKELY
(Continued from Page Otic.)
however, because they wore In emplace
ments and could not be moved.
According to reliable Information, the
Greek troops are behaving badly at fca
lonlki. Under the protcxt of searching
for arms they aro maklnp houHc-to-house
visitations, It Is said, and stealing every
It appears from these reports that the
Greek and Bulgarian troopa have J tilled
to fraternize as cordially as hud been
hoped for. It Is said that a auurrul
occurred between the soldiers respecting
tho occupation of certain barracks in
Salonlkl. This led to a free flRht. In
which knives were used and uevcml men
on both sldca wero killed,
Special Cable to The Tribune.
LONDON". Nov. 0. With a vision or
peace taking outline over the war-torn
Balkan states aa a result of Bulgaria s
notification to Turkey that she and her
allies had appointed peace plenipoten
tiaries, a new war scare has reared it
self to the north of the Turkish domain
and diplomatic circles oxprcss fear to
night lest It become an open declaration
Austria Ih the aggressor and Scrvia
the threatened nation. The Vienna ueiehs
Post, the official organ of the Austrian
government, openly dcchircB for war;
Emperor Franst Joseph vents iiIh wrath
at the Servians and other Vienna min
isters show themselves In complete ac
cord with their sovereign.
Discussing tile estimator before the
Austrian delegation today. Vice ;umlrl,
Montecuccoli, commander-in-chief of the
Austrian navv, emphasised the Import
mice of strengthening the navy, because
he was convinced that strong navies
would soon appear in the Aegean sea.
Untoward International incidents were
brewing, he wald, and they must not rind
Emperor Fran?. Joseph, enraged at tnc
occupation of AJesslo, an Adriatic port,
by tho combined Montenegrin and Ser
vian armies, is reported to have said:
"Wo are in favor of peace, but not
peace at any price." ,
The Austro-Hungarian cabinet has sent
a sharp note to tho Servian government,
demanding immediate reply to all ques
tions at issue. Commenting on this ac
tion the newspaper Zeit says:
"Vigorous military measures will give
emphasis to the diplomatic demands
should Servia's answer asain be unsatis
factory." Telegraphing from Scutari, tnc corre
spondent of the Ttelchs Posl declares the
Montenegrins, after their capture of San
Giovanni Di Medua on Sunday, seized all
tho Austrian mail bags found there and
furthermore removed all the yoods on
board the Austrian Lloyd magazine
steamer anchored at that port.
LONDON. Nov. 19. Dispatches from
Nazlm Pasha, the Turkish commander-in-chief,
show that the artillery duel
along tho Tchatalja linos continued all
dav, but late tonight the portc an
nounced that Bulgaria had consented to
negotiate with a view to an armistice
and to a dlscusBlon of peace terms.
The Turks claim successes against the
Bulgarians today, but there is nothing
to Indicate that the Bulgarians have
made anv serious attempt to penetrate
the lines." The battle may be ended at
any moment by Turkey's accepting tho
allies' terms for an armistice, which are
said to include the surrender of the
Tchatalja liens. Adrlanople, Durazzo and
Scutari. , , ., ,
There Is a possibility, however, that
Turkev mav decline to surrender Tchat
alja. "While her western army has been
completely defeated, she still possesses,
according to the correspondent, at the
front, a homogenous army behind tho
Tchatalja fortifications largely composed
of some of her best fighting material
from the Asiatic provinces, which has
not vet been in action. Moreover, the
demoralization and disorganization that
followed the Klrl: Kllisseh and Lule Bur
gas retreats anpear to have been reme
died and the army is now well supplied
with food and ammunition.
May Continue Resistance.
Under theso circumstances, the portc
may be induced to make u. further stand,
In the hope of securing easier peace
conditions. Evidently Bulgaria has
brought up all her available forces to
attack Tchatalja, Including some of the
Servian troops, but the task of crushing
the Turkish defense may prove difficult-
The prospects of European dls3onslons
arising out of the various territorial
claims to be arranged after the war be
come dailv more menacing. Austria has
not prcae'nted an actual ultimatum to
Scrvia sotting a time limit for a reply
to certain inquiries which she has for
mulated, but. short of that, the relations
between the two countries arc strained
and Servia's evident intention to take
ing against the policy adopted by the
American Federation of Labor. Tou
were on the opposite side of every -policy
enunciated by the A. F. of L.t just as
you wero last Sunday.'"
Then followed a boisterous demonstra
tion. Delegates Cannon and Hayes havo
long been known as prominent Social
ists. Two meetings had been held by
the Socialists last Sunday. The gal
leries, which were well filled, arose In
excltoment, but having been previously
warned, did not take part in tho dem
onstration. President Gompcra warmed
up to his Bubjcct, now plainly a defonse
of straight trades union policies against
Socialistic party action.
Case of Mitchell.
"Don't you know, you men of that parly
won't support a trades union working
man? Don't you know that if John
Mitchell had given his consent ho would
have received the nomination as vlco
president a year ago. Would you have
voted for him?"
"No, no," shouted a score.
"Of course you wouldn't." retorted tho
speaker. "When in Illinois it waa pro
posed to name Mitchell as candidate for
governor, an active member of that party
who advocated Mitchell's selection, waa
obliged to resign from that political
party to save himself from expulsion.
"Don't for a moment Imagine that I
am In fear that thcro Is any power great
enough to destroy our movemonl No
ono can do that, but ourselves.
Danger From Within.
"Our greatest danger Is from within,
not the outside. Our danger Is from our
own shortcomings, our bickerings and our
divisions. If we were as united In action
as we aro in spirit, we would obtain more
readily thoso things we demand.
'I owo nlloglanco to no political parly.
I owo my allegiance to trades unionism
and to no other organization. And I'll
hold that position until I dry up and blov
For three rnlnutca the convention
cheered this conclusion, while a quartet
of leading Socialist delegates wero on
their feet demanding permission to pro
Delegate John Walker, of the mine
workers, said he was the man referred to
by President Gompers as resigning from
a. political party because he supportod
Mitchell, but that he is back again in the
John Mitchell raised his voice for the
first time In this convention today, when
ho asked that the report of the adjust
ment committee, of which he Is chair
man, be made a special order of business
for 11 o'clock Thureday morning. Unanl
i mous consent was obtained. A number
of the most vital inuucs will be incorpor
ated In that report. The committee has
been In almost dally and nightly session
I Pur.v.r.o will be another dcllancu of Aus
Vice Admiral Mojile-Cuccoll, beforo the
Austrian delegation today warned the
members lo be prepared for the rise of
powerful Balkan navies In the Augean
sea, This Is nnr. of the lgns nf the re
arrangement of southeastern J2uropo as
a. result of the war, which is likely lo
keep the European chancellories In a
state of tension for a long time to
Both Auntrlu and Uusshi arc taking
measures so that they will be prepared
for any eventuality, u Is reported to
night trom St- Petersburg that Uuxula
Is purchasing several hundred guns
According lo a dlnpalch from Belgrade,
the disposition of Monastlr was not. pro
vided for by prior agreement by the al
lies and likely will o:iu.o trouble. The
Servians wish to establish l heir claims
and it is Intended that the king of Scr
via make a triumphal entry Into the
city. On the other hand, the Bulgaiiatis
claim that Monastlr Is situated in a pre
dominantly Bulgarian district, while the
Greeks contend that the loading part of
the population Is of Greek nationality.
The Austrian correspondents consider
tho breach with Scrvia over the treat
ment of the' vii.strlan consuls serious,
A Budapest message lo the Daily Tele
Count Von Bcrchthold Is wont lo
act without faltering when the time
ror talking is past- Tho conversa
tions with the Servian government
if there still bo a government at
Belgrade rapidly arc drawing to an
unsatisfactory close. Scrvia will have
It In her power for a couple days
longer lo offer apologies and make
amends for her breach of International
law, but after the lapse of that
brief delay the national honor from
an affront that startled Into jealous
watchfulness all parties of the Aus-tro-llungarlan
If, contrary to reasonable expccla
tlon, ServJu proves obstinate, the
next step will be to dispatch a sum
mary note. In the nature of nn ulti
matum, sotting forth the grievance
and demanding speedy redress. The
belief Is current hero that the civil
government at Belgrade is obliged
systematically to capitulate before
the military club, which in return for
its glorious victories over the Turks,
demands the right of vetoing all
measures that in its opinion are cal
culated to impair the value of tho
WITH RARE SKILL
LONDON, Nov, 39. Bennett Burleigh,
war correspondent of tho Daily Tele
graph, under date of Monday, says-
I witnessed the bombardment of
the Adrlanople forls to the east
and north of tho city. Tho firing
was not heavy, but accurate. The
besiegers are not attempting to
break or destroy the city, but arc
devoting their attention solely to
the demolition of the Turkish forts.
The works in tho eastern and south
ern section of Adrlanople are eas
ily within reach of the Bulgarian gun
positions. From Hadomkeul to the
south tho artillery might level the
minarets and the mosquo of Selim
II.; but thus far not a corner of that
or other landmarks has been struck.
The Bulgarians are addressing
themselves to the Turkish works of
which many Interlines of trenches
and bastions have been constructed.
The bomb proofs aro legion. The
Turks artfully have concealed their
gun positions and most of their fire is
delivered from batteries securely hid
den far behind the front.
They must have worked hard and
skillfully to construct such a honey
combing of the terrain around Ad
rianople. But, irresistibly, the Bul
garians are advancing, always con
tracting their steel halter.
The Turks again attempted a sortie
today to the eastward. Fighting des
perately they strove to pass out by
tho Turkish cemetery' roadway, but
the Bulgarian gunners and infantry
beat them back into Adrlanople. They
left rows of dead. The Bulgarians
were able lo follow the enemy and
move their lines of attack still closer
to the ponderous masses of ram
parts, bastions and trenches.
WILLING TO GIVE
TURK HIS CAPITAL
SOFIA, 2sTov. 19. Bulgaria's condi
tions for agreeing to an armistice wore
transmitted to Conatantinoplp oarly
this morning. They were .accompanied
by Bulgaria's main conditions for the
conclusion of poace, the principal stip
ulation of -which permits Turkey to re
tain tho city of Constantinople and a
strip of coast territory in Europe.
It is understood that the terms of
tho allies for au armistice are moder
ate and that Turkey may save Con
stantinople if she accepts them.
Respecting Albania, it said in well
informed quarters that the Balkan
league probably will not object to that
country's remaining under the suz
crauity of tho Bullan, and that the
powers will acquiesce in this.
LONDON. Nov. ID The Daily Mall
prints the following dispatch from Wil
liam Maxwell, dated Stranja, Nov. 14:
Twcnty-fivo miles northwest of Der
kOH, at tho north end of the Tchatalja
lines, is evldenco of the demoralized
flight of the Turks after their defeat
at Lule Burgas. Miles of ox wagons
tolling through tho heavy clay pass
over the dead, In whose faces and
bodies arc worn deep ruts.
At Tartarll I came upon a sight
that surpassed, in horror everything
Comfortable and health
to the bath. Not nec
essary to belong to the
peerage to wear one.
Let us show you one
of ours in Terry cloth
170 SOUTH MAIN
else. The dark earth Bcomed to have
been churned by some mighty force.
Hero were timbers and wagons, bro
ken, splintered and half burled In tho
quagmire. Many scores of soldiers
who bad fullen in tho rear guard ac
tion lay wllh their blood-stained
hands stretched out. In the clay. Their
livid faces seemed to float on tho mo
rass. Some were grey-halrcd men,
other. inoro boyn. A motor hung over
the ditch and in It wore two men
shot through the head. At lis ddc
was stretched a soldier, rifle In hand,
upon whom death came as he turned
Amid these terrors, which holl could
not match, roamed women and chil
dren accklng what the dead no longer
I passed through three or four vil
lages which the Turks, In their flight,
had given to flamcu. They added to
the honor of their position by foul
mashacrcH of Christians. I have heard
from eyi witnesses thai women were
murdered In cold blood and with their
Hlaugliterud Infants cast down In the
HEAVY LOSSES ON
TCHA TALJA LINES
BY MARTIN II. DONOHOE.
(Special Correspondent of the Interna
tional News Service and The
.Special Cable to Tho Tribune.
ll.VDBMKRUr. Nov. IS, via Ixmdon.
Nov. ll. There havo been two days of
severe fighting along the Tchalalja linos,
tho result of which Is undecided at the
moment of sending this dispatch. The
battle has proved ono of tho bloodiest
of tlu-. present war, both sides sustaining
The battle began on Sunday, the Bul
garians opened n heavy bombardment of
the redoubts In Hadomkeul valley, which
form the most advanced position of the
Turkish works of derense. Tho fire was
especially severe at the Turkish left cen
ter. The Turks replied vigorously, their
battleships supporting the lire of the
land batteries. The artillery action was
followed by a furious Infantry apsault,
when several rcdouhts fell to the Bulgar
ians. Magniflcont courage was displayed by
tho Turks, officers qC the high rank ox
posing themaclves to the Bulgarian fire
with unoqualed devotion m order to set
an example for Ihc men
As a result of hl.s heroism and utter
disregard for his own lire, Mahmoud
Mukhlar Pasha was severely wounded.
To tho right of Hadomkeul the Bul
garians lost four guns, which fell Into
the hands of the Turkish commander.
The wounded arc being taken to Jiad
cmkcui In largo numbers?.
U S. EXPERTS MAY
, SEE BATTLEFIELDS
WASHINGTON. Nov. in. The United
Slates has asked the Balkan allies and
Turkey to permit a party of American
army officers to join their forces and go
over the fields on which some of the
greatest battles of modern times have
If permission Is given, members of the
special cavalry hoard now touring
Europe and the available militarv at
taches at London and Paris will be or
dered to the scene at once None of
the military observers assigned by for
eign nations to accompany the belliger
ent troops in tho Balkan war has been
allowed to get to the front so far, but
the war department desires to take ad
vantage of the probable Immediate con
clusion of hostilities to send experts over
the battlefields, while the atmosphere is
still charged with the breath of war.
Even after the forces have been with
drawn it Is said observers may study
with profit the methods employed to
handle the wounded, and the eil'ect upon
fortifications and trenches of the tremen
dous artillery fire which was the prin
cipal feature of this short and fierce war.
Tho cavalry bpard now in Europe Is
headed by General Edward McClcrnurd,
general staff: Colonel James Parker,
Eleventh cavalry; Major Jesse McCartcr,
general staff, and Lieutenant Colonel J
T. Dlckman, general staff.
The military attaches who would go
to the front are Lieutenant Colonel T.
Bcntley Mott, Paris, and Major George
O. Squler, London. Major Robert Alex
ander, an Infantry officer now detailed
with the Maryland militia, probably
would join tho party.
HOLD OUT STOUTLY
LONDON, Nov. 19. The first official
intimation sent out by the Bulgarian
government at Sofia that fighting be
tween the Bulgarian and Turkish armies
had taken place at Tchatalja arrived
here this afternoon, it consists merely
of the laconic sentence: "The day be
fore yesterday and yesterday the Bul
garian army engaged the Turks in bat
tle on the advanced points of the Tchat
alja lines with a view of preparing the
ground for Its further operations,"
This was Issued subsequently to the
announcement of the appointment of
plenipotentiaries to conduct peace nego
tiations with the Ottoman government.
Whether it means that "further opera
tions" will he proceeded with as soon aa
tho eighth hour of tho armistice agreed
to for the burial of the dead expires
there is nothing to shov..
The silence of Sofia a3 to the results
of the fighting is takon here to be an
Indication that General Savoff. the Bul
garian commandor-ln-chlcf, has discov
ered that the task or getting within the
Turkish lines of forts and intrenchmcnts
will prove a tremendous test of the stay
ing power of his troops.
It is thought probable that the. Bul
garians will call on their allies to bring
the forccB released by tho fall o-r Monas
tlr to their aid at Tchatalja.
Sixty per cent of the Ottoman troops
holding the lines of Tchalalja arc said
to be fresh battalions of Turkey's finest
fighters brought from Asia Minor
The Ottoman government Is determined
not to consider peace until the Balkan
allies submit conditions compatible with
the honor and dignity of Turkey, accord
ing to a special dispatch from Constan
tinople. It is said the Bulgarian terms suggest
that Turkey retain the provinces of Adrl
anople and Kirk Killsaeh and ask that I
the porto agree to Bulgaria and Scrvia
autonomlzlng western Macedonia and Al
bania and concede the port of Dedcag
hntch on the Aegean sea lo Bulgaria and
Crete and other Islands to Greece
Spoils at Monastir.
LONDON. Nov. 0. A Belgrade die- I
natch to the Standard says that in the
three days' fighting al Monastlr, (he
losses numbered 20,000. of which 3000
were Turks. The war spoils wore enor
mous and aro csllmatcd to be worth
510.000.000. They include 100, Ono lilies of
tho latest pattern, eighty-two wagons
and ammunition, and sixteen heavy guns.
The lack of artillery, the most of which
was lost in Ihc retreat from Kumanova.
greatly handicapped the Turkish resist
ance. King Peter, the dispatch says, may
make a triumphal entry Into Monastlr,
as the Servians wish lo emphasize their
occupation. The cjucutloii as to which
mate was to possess this city was not
Included in the allies convention- Bul
garia may claim It, because It Is situ
ated predominantly In the Bulgarian
Turkish General Wounded.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. 19. General
Mahmoud Mukhtar. who reached Con
stantinople yesterday, suffering from a
bullet wound In the leg. received his In
Jury while, riding to Inspect the positions
with hl3 staff. Approaching a trench
lhat was supposod to be occupied by
Turks, he discovered too late that It held
Bulgarians. A fusillade from the Bul
garians woundpd Mahmoud Mukhtar and
throe other officers. The bullet waa ex
tracted this morning and It Is expected
tho general will recover within a week.
Speculate on Terms.
PARIS. Nov. 19. The conditions or tho
Balkan allies with respect to an armis
tice, according to Information received
here, includo the unconditional Hurrcndor
of important points, such at Adrlanople.
the Tchalalja lines and Dirzaro on the
Adriatic sea Bulgaria will renounce cn
trv Into Constantinople.
Jlany persons believe Turkey will yield
SCHRAIUK IS I3ANE,
AssailanL of RoosevelL Will
, Escape Trial by Confine
ment in Asylum.
MILWAUKEE.- Nov. IP. That .lohn
Schrank, who shot Colonel Theodore
Rooaovclt on the night of Qctobcr li,
Is Insane, will ho the. aubstancc of a
unanimous report of Ihc live allcnlolo ap
pointed by .fudac A. C. Backus to exam
ine Into tho prisoner's- mental condition,
was the statement of a court official this
.Tud(i Backun said lute today lhat Ihc
report probably would not be presented
lo the court until Thursday and that he
hud no Idea what Ihc finding:! would be.
The commission held what was ex
pected to be Its last session with Schrank
today and It was even while he was be
ing subjected to further questioning by
the physicians that the report gained
circulation that the prisoner would be ad
Presuming that Sohrank will be found
Insane, It will bo Impossible to try him
on the charge or attempting to Kill Col
onel llooHfvolt. Tho only alternative la
confinement In the hospital for the In
sane at Oshkcsh.
on moat of the points, In the hope that
Europe will undertake to reduce tho
claims of the allies, when peace is con
cluded. If tho pourparlers arc success
ful. Constantinople will remain in Turk
ish territory, which the powers doalre.
Numerous difficulties romaln, however,
Including the status of the Aegean
islands, the matter or a Servian port
on Hie Adriatic, the delimitation or au
tonomous Albania. Ihc parUtlon or terri
tories, the claims or Rumania, and the
Servian customs administration.
Servians Deny Cruelties.
RELGRADIS, Nov. 19. A semi-official
statement denouucea as unrounded the
reports of cruelly perpetrated by th Ser
vian troops on the Albanians, which. It
declares, "arc spread for the purpose of
supporting the Albanian aspersions."
The statement continues:
"During the llghUng, measures which
may have been severe were adopted ow
ing to the treacherous attack of the Al
banian combatants, who In many cases
raised the white flag In token or surren
der and then traitorously murdered Ser
vian officers who approached them.
"Moreover, the Albanians terrorized tho
Inhabitants of the villages and burned tho
houses. We did not proclaim their mis
deeds at the lime, because the attention
oT Europe was then centered on the
events or the war."'
Monastir Presents Problem.
LONDON, Nov. 20. A dispatch to the
Dally Express from Belgrade says the
capture of Monastir has provided a dif
ficult problem for the Servian govern
ment, which is extremely puzzled re
srardlng the housing and feeding of its
army's 40,000 now prisoners. Fethl
Pasha, who was among those that sur
rendered, the correspondent continues,
"was Turkey's popular minister at Bel
grade. He wept as he handed his sword
to the Servian commander. Luxurious
apartments await him when lie is brought
Feed Turkish Prisoners.
SOPI A, Nov. 19. The council of minis
ters has decided to defray the cost of
maintaining the Turkish prisoners from
the funds provided for the campaign. The
soldiers will receive the same rations as
the Bulgarian troops, tho captured gen
erals will be allowed 20 francs a day for
food and pocket money, the other offi
cer? from 7 to 11 francs, according to
Albania Wants Independence.
VIENNA. Nov. 3 9. Ismael Kemal Bey.
the Albanian leader, left Trieste by
steamer for Durazzo. where the Al
banians intend to proclaim independence
and establish a provincial government
before the entry of the Servian troops.
ATHENS. Nov. 19, Crown Prince Con
stantino today telegraphed the prime
minister as follows:
The army under my command,
standing three columns from Vodena,
Gamatlkovo and Kosana, began Its
advanco on tho 35th in heavy rain,
which continued until today. We
crushed tho enemy's resistance on
the 16lh and 17th near Kumanova.
Catranitza and Ostrovo. Today we arc
in the passes between Gornltchlvo
and Ostrovo and tho march will be
continued on to Fiorina.
The army before us is probably
under the command of Ninzi, a young
Turk from Rcsna. The enemy still
Is resisting, despite the surrender of
the garrison at Monastlr.
Montenegrins Take Alessio.
111EKA, Montenegro, !Nov. 19. A
combined army of Servian aud "Monte
negrin troops today occupied tho town
of Alessio. near the Adriatic coast.
Alcseio has been the chief source of
supply For tbo besieged Turkish gam
sou of Scutari.
The Montenegrin and Servian armies
met before Alessio yestorday after
uoou. Tlic combined forces then de
livered an assault of such fierceness
tbat the Turks hoislod (bp. white flag
in the evening.
The Servian and Montenegrin troops
entered the town today. Their losses
were not great,
March on Adriatic.
Special Cable to Tho Tribune.
BERLIN. Nov. 10. A telegram to the
Tage -cltung states lhat M- Pacltch, the
Servian premier, has announced of fl
clally that the Servian troons arc march
ing on Adriatic ports. When these have
boon occupied Scrvia will answer Aus
tria. Monastir Losses,
BELGRADE. Nov. JfL The Turkish
casualties during the throo days' fight
ing prior to tho fall of Monastir before
tbo attack of the Servian troops, aro
reported to have reached 1000.
Great. quantities of modern field,
gnus, rifles and supplies fell into the
hands of the Servians.
The Servian government considers
that with the fall of Monastir the work
of its army iu Macedonia can bo re
garded us complete. Tn exactly one
month they have swept the Turks from
the whole of Old Scrvia and captured
booty worth many millions. King Pc
tor of Scrvia will make u triumphant
entry into Monastir in a few days. The
decoration of the streets to wclcomo
him has begun,
Will Bury Dead.
LONDON Nov. 10. An eight hours'
armistice has been agreed to between
the Bulgarians nnrl Turke at Tchatal.ja
so that both armies may bury their
dead, according to a news agency dis
patch from Constantinople.
NEW YOBK, Nov. J.9. Constantino
ple is being successfully defended
against tho Balkan allies, according to
the Turkish grand vizier. Kianiil
Pasha, who has sent a cablogram to Os
car S. Straus, former American embas
sador to Turkey, thanking thoso in this
country who havo expressed a desire
to help relievo tho suffering rcsultics
EIGHT ARE KILLED IN
Confusion of Orders Sends
Fast Trains Together in
XOrtLlNA, N. Co Nov. Hi. Elpht
trainmen wero killed and three .severely
Injured this monilnt? when two through
passenger trains .on Iho Seaboard Air
Line, runiilntr at Itlph speed, collided
hnad-on, seven miles north of here. No
puxBoiiKors were Injured.
The trains met ns the southbound was
romliifr out of a loup curve in a deep
(111 and both were running at full speed.
The fiash was leriillc. both locomollvei3
belli?? demolished. Only three coaches
ISnglneer .Backbnm of Ihc northbound
train la thought to hnvo misread orders
to meet the other train at Granite, loss
lhan a mile from the seetio of the wreck.
It was Impossible for cither cnclncc)' lc
have seen the llprhl from the other train
for more than a minute before Mm crash.
The collision was on tho main line of
tho Seaboard and both were I'iorlda
Ncw York trains.
The wrcckago did not rat ch fire. Though
many of the passengers were women,
there wna no panic.
from the war. TJndor dato of Novem
ber 17, the grand vizier cables as fol
lows: "Forced to an unjust war beforo ac
complishing our mobilization. Enomios
conquered 'most of Ttouniclia. Pefond
ing fciiccessfully Constantinople at
Tchatal.ia and massacres obliged thou
sands of Mohammcdau families lo em
igrate. Dreadful misery followed.
Cholera, doing more harm T.han onomies.
Thousand thanks for endeavoring to
To Arrange Armistice.
SOFrA, Bulgaria, Nov. 15). The al
lied Balkan nations today assonted to
tho Turkish proposal to discuss the
tonus of an armistice and eventual
The reply sent to tho dispatch by
the grand vitier to King Ferdinand of
rTho Bulgarian government, after
agreement with tho allied cabinets of
Scrvia, Montenegro and Greoco, In
forms the porte that plenipotentiaries
have been appointed with instructions
to arrange with the commander iu
chief of the Turkish armies the condi
tions of an armistice and subsequently
to proceed to tho conclusion of peace. ;'
Heavy Losses Reported.
Special Cable to The Tribune.
VIENNA, Nov. 19. A telegram from
Uskup states that 20,000 men were killed
on both sides In the battle preceding tho
capture of Monastlr. The Servians took
$16,000,000 in booty.
MEXICO AND ALASKA
FEEL EARTH SHOCKS
MEXICO CITY. Nov. 10. A severe
earthquake occurred here at 7:15 o'clock
this morning. The movement was oscil
latory and passed from north to south.
It lasted more than three minutes,
Many brick walls and a few poorly con
structed small houses were thrown down.
The street pavements buckled and several
water mains were broken.
According to the police report?, the
only casualty was that of a laborer who,
Tollowlng the custom prevalent among
the peons or dropping to their knees In
prayer, knelt on the street car track in
front or a moving suburban train and
was crushed to death.
Other reports Indicate a death list of
twelve to fifteen persona In widely sepa
Quake in Alaska.
SEATTLE, Wash., Nov. Ui. .- severe
earthquake- in Alaska was recorded this
morning on the seismograph of the Uni
versity of Washington. The disturbance
began at G;07 and continued until 6;30,
with the maximum at 6:1-1 The vibra
tions from the north were so strong that
they threw the needle oft tho drum.
INSTALL IRON PIPE
TO IMPROVE SERVICE
The new $6000 metal pipe Hue built
between the Twentieth ward reservoir
and the old brick lank in City Creek
canyon, was completed yesterday and put
In operation. W. H. Korns. commission
er or water supply, and C- E. Barrett,
superintendent or waterworks, went up
the canyon to witness the diversion of
the water from the old line to the new.
For many years a wooden pipe served
between the two tanks but recently it
was found to have deteriorated to such
an extent that considerable water was
being lost in lcekage.
BLAME UNDERTAj '
Will Try lo Prove He Pui t
Mrs. Szabo's Throat Q f
of Position. I f
STATE SCORES pj I
Witness Says She Saw f
son Clinging to Boat; Prl f
cution Closes Todays t
By International Ncth Servjre 3
GOSHEN, X. y.. Nov. Jn.Th -fense
of liurlon W. Gibson, th
York lawyer on trial here charged 'r
the murder of Mrs. Rose Szabo. r
the contention that the. cplglo'ttl fl
tongue were shoved from their 1 .'(
position against the roor of theV '4
by Cornelius Lar.icr. Ilc Warwle!
dortakor. who embalmed the boditf ii
woman after It was removed from' $
wooil lake, and that she wan not c
Tho prosecution scored today ti 'X
Mm. Emma Bcnnlngcr of PatcrsJ
J., who staled that when she caw'
clinging to the overturned bout 1? ,
wearing tho upper portion of hia b
suit. lie claims It was torn fro '.'
body in the struggle with the drt i
woman. r, ;
"I heard shouts," Mrs, Benulngw
I saw a man struggling In thai s
near a rowboat which was rlghl -up.
Through opera glosses J m :
had reached (he boat, which wai
overturned, nnd wna clinging ti i
bottom of it." i j
"Mow was he dressed V" aBked k
ant District Attorn cv Wasscrvbi
New York. e p
"Ho had on a bathlnsr shirt." w
Undertaker Lazier told tho jui t
body was stlfr when ho rirst saw
"The head was tilted to one slj '
tho neck was stiff?" asked Robi 1
Elder, counsel for Gibson. f (
"Yos, sir, it was." .7 ..
"How did you straighten U?"
"I twisted the head around ant '
shifted It forward two Inches." 5; :
the witness. i it
Mr. Wassorvogol had ono of his j
ants place his head In the way .
said he hud found the dead wd i
La2ier grasped the man's heads '
temples and gently twisted it. TI '!
lowered the head two Inches. It jl
Did Not Grasp Throat. J
"At any time during the operatli i
you rrrasp the woman's throat V'i &
Mr. Wasscnvogel. f
"No, sir, I did not ' f 1 t
Miss Ethel Toussaint, a New- '
stenographer, testified that Glbso'
her a fow days arter the drown ;
Mrs. Szabo that the accident was5! J
by the tipping or the boat while if r
Mrs. Szabo were trying to change -1
He said he tried to save her. j
the struggle she tore his shirt 0 T
Mr. Rogers, the nominal headJ' ;
prosecution, said tonight he woul 7
all the state's case In by tomorrow; n
Mrs. Gibson was more In cvldon
day as chler counsel for her hiH
than yesterday. She moved her
directly behind Mr Eider and tfli
fendant. During the examination! i
witnesses she took copious not -frequently
promptod Elder. !
Do you linow of anything th i
add more to the cheory, homelijj
pearance of a room than a bright!
burning grate fire?
HI AW All
is the ideal fuel for grates, as itT?
so little smoUe and burns so lon
W. J. Wolstenholme. Managing Dl
Arthur McFarlane. Secretar)
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