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llvOL. LXXXVI., NO. 102. SALT LAKE CITY, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1913. 14 PAGES FIVE CENTS. H
m2 , : .-
I pOX REPLIES
Secretary Assures Sir
I Edward Grey That Do
mestic Coastwise Trade
Will not Be Permitted
to Extend into Foreign
ffers to Refer Whole
Controversy to a Spe
cial Commission of In
juiry and to Ratify the
Treaty, of August 3,
1911, for the Purpose.
A t ASHINGTON, Jan. 23 Secre
ift tary Knox '3 Tcply to the Bric
t'M y ish protest against the exemp
li tion of American coastwise
l ipping from Panama canal tolls, as-
res the British govtnraent that do
ts istic coastwise trado will not be pcr-
ffctcd to extend operation into foreign
ij repetitive, fields.
Tho reply also gives assurance that
ftp creased tolls will not be laid on for
Q n shipping to balance the remission
American ships. If Great Britain
J aofc satisfied on these points America
' . oposc3 a special commission of adjust
Fho communication is devoted to the
o rpose of reducing to the smallest
iji ibt and number the issues upon
teA ich the two governments failed to
rle and as to these only two it is
tali (tended that they arc entirely sus
''j" )tible of adjustment b.y diplomatic
nW ne, and -without recourse to arbilra-
5iJ jmmission Proposec1.
:ftf 2 this course should not prove no
jr,l able to ihe British government, it
01 suggested tbu.t the whole controversy
referred to a special commission of
tiiry, provision for which W33 made
q$ tho unratified Knox-Bryco gcueral ar-
Ration treaty. That convention was
.?,wrovcd by the senate with an amend
iWifct which curtailed the power of the
f;!wial commission of inquiry to mere
estigatiou and report, and refused to
pRnit i:orn7n-S5in t bind pither
trsajratry to a conrpo of arbitration in its
'f ft int-q. Because of this amendment,
.jn&afcidcnt Tail, so ifar has declined to
jMBtrminato the treaty by exchanging
jkJwflcations with the Britiob govcrn-
ofjo meet the needs of this present is
Tnjjw Secretory Knos now offers to give
lleR0 c trcat7 DV n& immediate- ez
lfcge of ratificatioue, which would in-
of tb w cristonc of a general arbitra
lUMftrenty between America and Great
JjKfiiu aftor the lapse of the existing
jpKJJWPauncefoto treaty .'lun'o -i next. As
jfcltcrnative, the secretary is willing
tJJJ a coaLmisaio.n bo created for tho
BSWal purpose of ascertaining the facta
jgfear JO o"cc "pon British ship-
-Brof the Panama Lnal tolls act and
N Ereni d en t 's proclamation fixing the
Bute's Greys Argument.
3ft G'fl'Ki1 of secrotary'r. argument rests
5 '",Bh contention that Sir 3Dlwa.rd Qroy'a
K8' m&fle in nrlvauco of the
t ti of tlu5 Prescn-'" proclumatlon,
Jot). :Kf' the tollo, Is entirely inapplloablo
controvorsy In its prssent ntate,
tef '!SiB?,a' as a rnalt0T' of fai:t 11,0 British
lnJBn1'0" rests upon apprehciiHlon of
o&tfc' tiiat rnav kiPPfin in tho Inturo
k!m Wury of Brltlnli shlpplnjr which
"ibePrWj. probability, never will occur.
. .j,?reU3ry Knox bcglnB Ills note, which
ls1dc VKdlvcrt4 to tho BriUeh foreign of
gt rfCKwough Wr. Laughlln, tho American
- at Lond011' bv tlla ,,at statement
! o 0h.e cannot asrcfl with tho British
atUyB0tjl0n' of tl,c ranal treatlea, so
, rP thcy llTnlt the freedom of action
0 Gworica. or lnfdrigo Brltluh treaty
oP M Pointing out that tho Grey note
tflio fB?801 "1th conalJeratlon of the
cd (if t' toll proclamation, the secro-
i'ateB tluit Sir Edward deals chiefly
s jitty10 IKef,1l1ttleH of what' the pred
'ffj" Kygh.t , l,nder the canal aot,
t jtM proclamation hao entirely
fg, K Urn Eltuatlon.
1,n pM?5 UP the three objections made
c.'llK Brit' sovernment, Secretary
lC" 'SB.flT8t dlpcU3Bes that which n-ppllen
1 exemption from tolls of the eov
jfct voieelf of Panamu, This he 1e-
J0j2Bs a 8TCRt an(S complt rtiir
dctvaB0 thfl ""ltM fiUteH, which al
4tanI,Kd aerle4 without clmllonKo that
lclrirJBEIi!!Lcf 1e "ntrlH lnnnwllttt5ly
Postoffice Inspectors Uncover
Illegal Transactions Aggre
gating Several Millions of
' Dollars Annually.
SHARE IN CRIMES
Burglars, Messenger Boys,
Confidential Clerks and
Government and State
WASHINGTON, Jan. 2o. -Illegal
trafficldug the country over in
stolen postage stamps, aggre
gating several millions of dol
lars annually, has boon disclosed b'
postofiice inspectors whoso investiga
tions were roported today to Postmaster
General Hitchcock. They involved so
called stamp brokers and confidential
amployees of large business concerns
throughout tho United States.
Through confessions secured by the
inspectors from some of tho brokers
whoso operations were investigated it
was learned that stamps of all classes
and denominations stolen by burglars
from postofficos and embodied by em
ployees from great business houses and
manufacturing establishments were pur
chased and resold by the brokers at
price? far below their face value.
Tho postal laws moke it. a crime,
punishable by imprisonment, to sell any
stamp issuod by tho government for les
than its face valuo. Investigations dis
closed the fact that in addition to sell
iug the stabips for less than tho price
for which they could have been pur
chased from tho government, the
brokers know that the stamps were
stolen when they purchased them.
Brokers Made Contracts.
Inquiries showed that tho brokers, in
some instances, entered into a con
spiracy with employees of businese
houses to buy, at prices agreed on, all
the stampB the clerks could steal from
Tho liTst oP a series of indictments
resulting from tho investigations was
handed down sealed in New York city
3-eslerday. The mcu indicted were
Ilichard Fredericks, Irving ('l'sxy")
Sovcl and .Tohu lank. District Attor
ney Whitman has informed, the posfc
offico department that other indictments
Stamp frauds against the government
and various business concerns aggregat
ing hundreds of thousands of dollars an
nually have been unearthed in Now
York city alone, while illegal trafficking
in stamps in Boston, Philadelphia, .Bal
timore. Pittsburg, Chicago, Indianapolis,
St. Louie, Minneapolis, Cincinnati, Now
Orleane, Kansas City, Donvor, San
Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Or., ;wid
many other cities ha 3 Toachod large pro
Paid Thieves Half Price.
Iu New York approximately twenty
so-called brokers mako a bnslnos3 of
purchasing postage stamps ah a. discount
ranging from 50 cent3 to 90 coute on a
dollar rind selling them to merchants at
prices varying from 95 cents to 91) cents
on a dollar.
One stamp broker in Now York city
who boIIb from $300 to $1000 worth of
stampB a day to merchants, it 1b alleged,
haa boeu purchasing some of lije mipply
from an omployoo of tho Now York
siate govornmont at Albany, who i3 said
to have confessed to postofni;o in
spectors that ho remitted to the stamp
broker from $25 to $50 a weok in stamps
stolen from tho state.
Ono broker advertised by meaus of a
sign carried through the New York
financial district at tho noon hour that
ho pnrchaocd printed uncancelled post
cards. This ib said to havo resulted in
muuy olBee boys stealing cards from
their cm ploy era and eolling them to him
for 35 cents a hundred.
Post Cards Resold.
The printed portion of the cardB-then
was skillfully cqvored by tho broker
with, a pieco of thin paper a&d the
cards Tesold. Tho culpable broker, ac
cording to his admission to the in
spectors, sold the last two years moro
than two million postal cards, many of
which were stolen by office boys.
The department redeems postal cards
from original purchasers at 75 per cent
of their face value. A feV weeks ago
n, member of congress cud a former
deputy commUtdoner of police of New
York city roquontcd tho third aasiotant
postmastor general lo rodaom over a
(oontirniort on Ptvso Three-)
Is Honor Guest of Jewelers
Represent a Billion
HELD IN WINDY CITY
Chief Executive Cites Many
Facts and Figures Descrip-.
live of His Home City
Special lo Tho Tribune.
CHICAGO. Jan. 23. Addressing
Ifour hundred and fifty guests to
night at the tkirty-siTwth annual
banquet of 1ho Chicago Jowel
ors association, representing moro
than $1,000,000,000 of capital, Mayor
Samuel C. Park of Salt Lake oloquont
ly described the wonders and beauties
of his nativo city and state.
Tho banquot room of the La- Salle
hotol has held many notable gatherings
and within its walls havo been made
many brilliant speeches, font it is
doubtful if there ever has been a more
stirring "boost" spoeeh givon in it.
Maj'or Park was especially invited
to attend the gathering and was given
free rein in choosing his subject. Flo
selected the "Knock of Opportunity"
axd devoted almost his entire subject
to tolling of the oprortunities in Utah.
Many Prominent Speakers.
The other spoakors on the programme
woro Dr. Nathaniel Butler and Profes
sor S. F. Olark, both, of the University
of Chicago, and S. S. Gregory, a lawyer
of prominence hero who hsis 'been men
tioned in connection with President
Wilson's cabinet. Professor Clark, who
is well known in Salt Lake City, road
an unpublished comedy sketch.
Tho toastmaster, William 'P. Wil
Iia.ms, was formerly the United States
sub-treasurer hero and has sorvod at
many banquot boards for the associa
tion in tho past.
Toastmaster Williams early iu the
evening told the guests what he be
lieved to foe tho duties of his position,
incorporating in his remarks tho fol
low! n g " axi om s : ' '
Mayor Park Speaks.
Muyor Park's speech in full was an
Mr. Toaslmastcand Gentlemen:
T want to express my appreciation
of tills opportunity lo meet and greet
you, of tlio wolcomo you have given
mc, of the dollshtrul lmiwiuet yj& have
Such occasions are mcmorahlo and
bcnoflclal, not only to tho business
Wc arc ongasred Jn. but to tho Indi
vid Halts who HBECDible and conse
quently to tho various communities
of which wc aro parts.
"We corrio together from all points
of tho compaso. renew our acctualn
tances, cement our frlondsntpn, rcu-
lato tho watches of our existence and
weld nnolhor HnJc In our chain of
It reminds mo of a .ftory I read
tho other day of a corrveTsiatlon In a
"Father, you trew Ixrrn In Cali
fornia, you say?"
Tcf, my aon."
"Anid mother won bom In .Tow
"Aud T -was horn in Indiana?"
"Ten. my boy."
'W'olJ. father, dont Jt heat the
Dutch how we all got ropelhorV"
TXovr that wo aro together. nnU w
know how stod It lo to be toccthor,
wo ought to mako an effort to repeat
the oxperlnnoo whenever nn oppor
tunity la presented.
Some of ua havo been regular and
punctual at Kathcrlnss of this kind
while others have lot thr, datns
' wither on tho palms. But the future
Is before us as the Yankee learned
from th Arkonoas native when he
rode up to tho cabin In tho cloarlni?,
Tho hog lay .In their dirt holoti, tho
thin claybank mule jrrazed round nnd
round in a. circle to save tho trouble
of walking, and ono Jank man, whono
clothes wrc th color of the clay
bank muU), leaned ngalnst a tree and
let time roll by.
"Mow do you do?" nald the Yan
"Plea Haul country."
Tho nattvo chlflcd hl quid and
"Lived here all your HfoV"
Tho native apat pensively 1n the
j dust and said languidly: "Not yit."
Listen to Opportunity.
We haven't been ettondJnc these
functions all our lives, and we
heven't been neglecting them all our
lives not yet. But wo are not wast
ing our golden momento here, wft are
refining the gold which they con
tain. Wo ar6 listening to the knocks of
, (Continued on Pago Nuifl.)
OF THE STATE
Sweeping Measure Is Intro
duced by Senator D. O.
Rideout of Salt Lake
Proposal Is Made .to Group
the Candidate in Alpha
betical Order by
IMPORTANT changes in the olcction
laws of Utah aro proposed in a
bill introduced yesterday by Sen
' ator D. O. Tiideout of Salt Luke.
The bill abolishes voting by party desig
nation, groups the candidates- in
alphabetical ordor by offices instead
of by partios. aud requires the voter to
vote for each candidate soparatoly
While voting machinos may still be
used under this form oP ballot, their
use would be inconvenient, and the
passago of this measure would probably
result in abolishing them.
Tho bill was prepared b.y Samuel
Russell, a Salt Lake attorney, who used
the Massachusetts ballot as a basis.
Tho ballot, in Massachusetts is much
shorter than tho ono in Utah, for the
reason that. Massachusetts has de
creased tho number of elective offices.
County Ballot Shorter.
Should tho reapportionment bill now be
fore the senate become a law, however,
the ballot in. this couuty will be much
shorter. At the recent election there
were forty candidates for members of
the lower house on tho ballot. The new
apportionment bill provides that the
members of the legislature shall be
elected by districts, so that the voters
would cast their ballots for ono repre
sentative instead of ten, which would
decrease tho number to bo voted for
from one to four or live.
Reasons Are Urged.
Several roasouB are urged against
voting by part' designation and in
groups of parties. Auiongi the most im
portant objections lo x so-called
"straight" voting, cither by pulling
tho party lover on tho voting machines,
or by putting a cross in tho circle uu
dov tho party omblcm on tho paper j
ballot, aro that this method of voting i
facilitates careless voting aud on
courages political pnrtics lo juomiuale
inferior candidates for minor offices.
Under tho proposed new law the can
didates are grouped under the orflcc to
which they aspire In alphabetical order.
After each candidate Is given tho name
of '.lis political party and his residence.
Provision Is also made for tho names of
cadidates for Judicial positions without
any party designation whatsoever. Thin
provision follows that of tho bill recently
introduced by Senator Uonner X, Smith
for the non-partisan election of the judi
ciary. Form Is Prcscribeid.
The form or ballot proscribed by the
bill has already boon adopted in several
states and hns tho Indorsement of many
of tho leadliiff men of all parties includ
ing .Tustlco Charles B. Tluphca of Lhc
United States supreme court. Justice
Hughes, when governor of Xew York,
strongly reconlmended that this form of
ballot be adopted In Now York.
Mr. Ruiisoll has ruceivod a luttor from
the Umpire Voting Muchine company
saj-lng that tho machino used In Salt
Ia:kn county may bo so odjuuted ao to
accommodate the Massachusetts balloL
Tho candidates may be grouped on the
machine by the ofl'lco to which the can
dldatea aspire and they may be placed in
alphabetical order. Tfie parly lovers may
be locked out of operation, thuo com
pelling the voter to vote for each candi
The first section of tho present stat
utes amended by the bill is tho ono iso
lating lo the form of ballot. Tho bill pro
acrlbea that the names of tho candldatea
nominated for office either by convention
or petition sliall b arranged undor tho
designation of the office In alphabctlcul
ordor. according to the aurnamo, except
that the nnmc.i of tho candidates for
presidential electors shall be arranged In
SToups as 'presented In tho certificates
of nomination ajid tho names of tho can
didates for president and vlco president
shall precede tho proper groupw or can
didates for presidential electors, the
groups to be- placed on tho bnllot In al
phabetical ordor according to the nanio
of thi candidato for president preceding
i each group. The voting squaroa for the
(candidates for presidential eleotores shall
bo placed at tho left of tho name of the
candidate preceding each group. Bhch
group of cnndldatca for e certain office
shall also contain blanlc lines on which
tho voter may writ In tho name of any
candidato not printed on the ballot.
Immediately below th oandldate's
(Oontinuort on Pag Thre,
War Party Takes Control of Turkey I
M M M M H ft. X K I
Nazim Pasha, Army's Chief, Slain I
Nazim Paelia, gcncralisuimo of ttc Turkish
Army, who was uhot to death by members of war
party, asd below, Shefktt Paeha, the new Grand
Vizier, who is for war.
INTO WOO GLASS
Goal Will Be Reache'cMn Salt
Lake in-Year, if-Not
If the loeaj postofneo businoss con
tinues to incrcaso during the nest; throo
months as it has in rocenfc months it
will very probably be rated as a "$500,
000 office," which would mean an in
crease in salaries of officials, including
a raise of tho postmaster's salary from
$3000 lo .$5000. Tho postofficos of tho
country aro rated annually upon tho
busiuoss done in the year ending March
31. If (:ho local offico has done $500,000
worth of business iu tho year ending
March 31, 1913, it will, receivo the
higher rating, aud - tho postmaster's
salary will bo incrensod. .And thcro is
ovory indication that tho offico will at
least becomo a $500,000 ofdeo in anothor
year, if it does not this year.
Tho figures for Dccerabor. .1912, show
an incroano of postal receipts horo of
$S,505.S6, or 11). lb" per cent. This is an
uuusually largo increase. Deeomber was
ono of tho biggest months in tho history
of tho office. The receipts in the v.irioUB
departments woro as follows: Stamps,
$41i,d57.5'J, an increase of $6054 .7't over
December. .19.11; postal rards. $1870, an
incroaso of $400 over Decombor, 1911;
stumped envelopes. SS231.25, an incrcaso J
of $1361.12 over Doccinbcr, 1911. Tho
average doily sales of tho oflico for the
month totalled $2002.26.
It is expected that the steady increaso
of business in tho new -parcel post de
partment will largely increase the
revenues of the stamp department.
Many firms arc sending all their small
packages out through the paTcel post
now whore thoy formerly used express.
Tho sales of stamps to cover tho de
livery of thefe parcels will be added to
tho receipts of the offico, and will ma
terial' aid in boosting it to tho .$500,
WHEN BARK FOUNDERS
GTU3A.T GRIMSBY. England. Jap. 2C
Twelve of the crow of the bark Agda
wero drowned when that, vessel foun
dered on Tuesday at tho mouth of the
Humbor. Three nallorB, the only eur
vlvora, were ploked up oy a. trawler and
landed here today.
"U'hen the Agda. wont down during- a
violent storm the members of the crew
took to a boat, which waa capsized throe
times. On each occasion eorae of the
ntruffgtlnsr sailor were owept away ar.d
sanJc. The three eurvlvorB clung to th
boat and drifted for i"SHl7a hourri
WASHINGTON. Jan. 23. It took tho
house exactly threo anil a half hours to
day to approve Its journal of yesterday.
Conducted by Minority Lender IMann, an
expert In filibusters, the friends' of the
Lincoln memorial project forced tha
cleric to read the journal In full for the
flrat time in many years.
Sir. Mann conducted the filibuster, ho
nald, "to teach tho other side that the
minority la not to bo trlflsd with'
Tho filibuster tactics on the Demo
cratic aide had provented the house from
readhlnjr' the Lincoln memoriul bill, on
which the Republicans had hoped to
necuro action. An t'oon as business
(started today. Mr. Mann demanded the
reading of tho journal In full, a task
usually dispensed with hy unanlmouB
conocut. Tho clerk nklpped over tho In
troduction of bllto, but tho Republican
leader causyht tho omission, and the clerk
was forced to fjo back and start again.
Representative Fitzgerald Dually moved
that the journal be approved. Mr, Mnnn
moved that It be arnended, and when
this wns ruled out of ordor, moved to
lay Mr. Fitzgerald's motion on tho ta
ble. Tn thn maxo of rollcalls, parlia
mentary Inquiries and Democratic at
tempts to start the day's bunlncas. the
houne oontmnjed half a day's session,
whllo legislation waited. Representative
Mann Anally abandoned hie fight, after
securing1 a- parliamentary advantage
which probably will reoult In the con
Bldoratlon of tha Lincoln memorial bill
Shefket Pasha Replaces
Kiamil as Chief Ad
viser of Sultan, Who Is
Stunned by Suddenness I
of Coup d'Etat; De
mand Is for the Reten
tion of Adrianople.
EUROPE OYER I
LIGHTED BOMB I
Opinion Backs War
Envoy Declares Whole
Movement Is Precon
certed Plot of All Par- H
ties for Terms.
Special able to The Tribune
CONSTANTINOPLE, Jan. 2b -With
light niug-like rapidity to
day the war party look jiossea
sum at. the government, after
slaying Xuzirn Pasha, coinmandtT-in-chief
of I ho army, who advocated
peace, .Did forcing Kin mi 'Pasha, the
grand vizier, to resign. The roup
d'etat cauc with a suddenness that
surprised the sultan, and when the re
ignation of Kiamil Pasha was present
cd to him he refused to believe it gen fl
nine, bending to Kiamil for informa
tion, he received word that his trusted
premier, bowing to force, had given
wav to Shefket Pasha, former minister
of war and leader of tho' YoUn Turks
when they placed the prcoeul sultan JA
on his throne.
Cry Is for War.
As a result uf the coup d'etat, the
peace party which proposed to surron-
dor Adrianople and bow to tho humil
iutiug terms of the BaJlcux allies, has''
been swept from power and Europe;
again faces a crisis. The war party is
determined to hold Adrianople at whnt
over co3t, and, if neco3!ary, to continu?
tho war until Turkey is victorious or'
The resignation of the catrinat wa-f
announced by the new government c?- tM
liciab in the following statement):
"The decision of Kiutnil Pasha-'s
cabinet, tnkeu in rcsponso to the notn
handed, to ihe Turkish government by
the European powers, to abandon, tho
fortress of Adiranople and. part of tho
islands in tho Aegean sea and the con- j
vocation of an extraordinary assembly
of tho grand council of the Ottoman
empire to which the cabinet's decision
was submitted a course contrary to J
the prescriptions of tho countitutiouai
character and violating the sacred
rights of tho people roused the indig-'
nation of the Turkish nation, with tha
result that the people made a demon
strutiou before the sublimo porte aud jH
brought about the rcsiguation of tho
government. ' '
The news that tho govornntent; had
decided for peace at any price spread
through the capital Inst uight and
caused fiery indiguatiou iu spite of tho
terrible buffering caused by war th
verses and the epidemic. jH
Mob Forces Resignations.
As soon as morning broke vast
crowds began to congregate and de
counce the government and to damaud
the resignation of the cabinet.
It soon became apparent to Siannl jH
(CkmtlnuA. on Page Two.)
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