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title: 'The Salt Lake tribune. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1890-current, March 06, 1913, Image 1',
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1L LXXXVI., NO.. 143. SALT LAKE CITY, THURSDAY .MORNING, MARCH 6, 1913. 14 PAGES FIVE CENTS.
WW . H
llP IIS DUTIES
js WITHOUT JAR
st Day in Hie Presidential
? hair Crowded With Inci
! Inis That Usually Fol-
ilow Change in Gov
ernment. WISHES THE HOPES
IOF OFFICE SEEKERS
Who Want Jobs Will
mt Be Welcomed at White
i louse Unless They Are
1 1 Asked to Call.
Washington", March . with the
I il tinsel and the military pomp,
Wi lne ch?er3 tnc multitude, the
Mi 8,'rr'nE music of bands and the
WM heavy Ircud of marchln? tliou
the fireworks and the limelight
Jfa pleasant memory, Wood row Wil
Jjettlcd down in the chair of prcsl
Jffas quietly and with as little ccre
probably as almost any man who
rosscd the threshold of tlio White
to become Its master.
Ions day was crowded with Incl
und filled with the flavor of power
h a president's. Almost his first
is to serve notice upon office scck
it they will not be welcome at the
I house unless they have been In
i Almost his last act tonight was
ifcr with John W. Kern, chosen
as leader of the Democrats In the
; and reputed representative of
ministration In the upper house,
tween he found time to shake
,wlth close to 2000 persons, con
rlth his new cabinet and with a
'lends in congress, dictate letters
enernlly launch his own ship of
hs Work With Ease.
iilte of the reports that Mr. Wilson
.te expected to change many of
eccrtents,hat have grown up about
Residency, he bothered with nono
jprlancc today except that which
ted tho office seekers to invade
hlte house. He fitted In easily
the machinery of the cxccutlvo
ti 'did mostly what trained officials
ilm should be done and took up
utlne of government with case,
ph P Tumulty, Mr. AVIIson's sec
jf was Just about as busy as his
pile talked to tho newspaper men
led at the White house a half
times; dictated many letters, re
f the congratulations of scores of
r from New Jersey, and talked
nany prominent Democrats. The
ent spent the morning In his of
he afternoon in tho White house
ichcon and In the east room re
Tlclegatlons and at -5 o'clock shut
jp and went out with Mrs. Wilson
s automobile ride through Wash-
the delegations received today came
polntinent and the reported policy
J "open door" was explained to be
in door only to those who call upon
business. After luncheon with his
gnnd Secretary Tumulty. Mr. WII
Vned one of the uses of the cast
jjfHe stood for forty minutes and
Inlands with 1110 persons. Major
is I, Rhoadcs. personal aide for a
jo former President Tuft, shot them
A fast as he could get their names
go new president never flinched at
a all Uio callers disposed of Mr.
called for one of the White house
lobllcs used by Mr. Taft and started
if a spin around Washington, No
k-uniform such as accompanied Mr.
ppnt with him, but tho two motor
Ppollcemen assigned to guard the
int on such trips kept close be
MJ' n the ride.
Rj ;ers With Garrison.
nlJ V- tho president returned from his
iUJj 5bHc ride. Llndley M. Garrison, the
W of war- liad a brief conference
i 3ld the president that L thought 1
r llmy !alaT today," said Secretary
; W wit" a lauRh. "I'm learning tho
ery of tlle f'el,artment. You can't
5? an equity court to a government
to S10"- 1 day and get accustomed
Wjl I once."
tajg Bryan, the secretary of state, called
a5 Iecrelary Garrison left. He brought
.Jj im Huntington Wilson, former ns
irfljj occrotary of ntate, and the heads
it-jj vartous bureaus of the' Htato do
A't PrcSfintl"B thorn to the presi-
Secretary Bryan said thero wero
iueetlons In tins various bureaus
N( ?cquIrc(1 tl,c attention of tho presl-
onc,-' but that they concerned
gjjf k chlclly.
i' From Home.
3ent Wilsou's Jirst visitors in
lco today -woro homcfolk from
orsoy. In fire taxicabs about
jtJ rtoscendod on tho oxecutivo ofticc
6 fnteti 8W0ur'uK in ol' Josoph
8&r,(ult(y as aeciotary to tho prosi
oijMrrcsidoiit Wilson caino into the
ji.TPoutinuod on Page Four).
A. MITCHELL PALMER,
who has been chosen chair
man of the Democratic caucus
of the house of representatives.
M'CMS IS OFFERED
Will Represent United Slates
in France; Others Who Will
Get Diplomatic Posts.
WASHINGTON. March 5. Prosident
Wilson made formal announcement today
that he offered an cmbossadorahlp to
Chairman William R McCombs of the
Democratic national committee.
"Mr. McCombs told me he did not wish
a cabinet appointment. I have offered
him one of the principal diplomatic posts
and hope lie will accept. I desire men
of cabinet size for the chief foreign ap
pointments," said the president.
Jt Is known that tho ambassadorship to
France has been ottered. Particular sig
nificance was generally attached to the
visit at the White house oftices of sev
eral others mentioned for diplomatic
Abraham r. Elkus of New York, who
is likely to go to Japan, saw the presi
dent for a few minutes, as did Thomas
Nelson Page, who may go either to Aus
tria or Germany, and Charles R, Crane
of Chicago, who seems certain to go to
Ulchard Olney of Massachusetts, who
was secretary of state in Cleveland's
cabinet, was said to be slated for Great
Britain. Frederick C. Pcnncld will go
either to Austria or Italy, and Augustus
Thomas of New York Is declared likely
for one of these two posts. Justice J.
W. Gerard for Spain; William Church
Osborne or Henry Morgenthau for Ger
many or Turkey, and Frederick H. Al
len for Switzerland, are considered like
ly to represent the new administration
BOSTON. March 5. "This Is tho first
time 1 have heard of the matter," said
.Richard Olney today when shown a
Washington dispatch mentioning him as
President Wilson's probable' selection as
embassador to Great Britain.
As to whether he would accept the
post if It was offered, Mr. Olney ild he
could say better when that tlnio ar
rived. "But," lie added, "it would not take
mo long to make up my mind."
BRYAN TALKS TO
Humorously Pretends That There
Might Be Hitch in Matter
By International News Service.
WASHINGTON, March 5. There was
a note of uncertainty in the voice of
William J. Bryan when he went to the
state department this afternoon to as
sume tho responsibilities of the office of
secretary of state. Addressing Mr.
Knox and the assistants who havo been
with the latter for a number of years,
he said :
"A word, if it will not be out of placy
at thiB time. The names of tho presi
dent's appointees lmv gone to tho sen
ate. I havo not heard officially that they
have been confirmed. Thero is a possi
bility of my having to retract what 1 have
to say to you, but I have taken so many
chances In politics that I will take this
What Mr. Brayn said in addition to
this effort to bo humorous was that ho
hoped ho would be able to speak as klnd
jv of the employees of Ujo department
at tho close of his tenure of ofHco as
Secretary Knox: had spoken.
CLEAN THEIR DESKS
AND LEAVE FOR HOME
WASHINGTON, March -5. Officials
of tho Taft administration, having sont
their resignations to Presideut Wilson,
cleaned their desks today and propnrcd
to turn to other walks of life,
Garini Thompson, treasurer of the
United States, returns to his homo ia
Ohio; Robert 0. Bailoy and Sherman
Allan, assistant socrotarics of tho treas
ury department, have business offers;
Assistant Secretary Curtis returns to
Boston to practice law.
Postmnstor General Hitchcock plans a
six months' rest with a visit to Pana
ma; Attornoy Gcnoral Wickcrsham will
Btart on n trip around tho world; Rob
ert J. Trncowoll, comptroller of tho
tronsury, returns to Indiana; Secretary
Fisher returns to Chicago. Secrotary
Knox declined nppointmcnt at the
hands of Mr. Taft to a commissioner
ship at Tho Hague: Huntington Wil
son, assistant nccrctnry of state, plans
a trip abroad. J
Salt Lake Attorney Makes
Wonderful Plea in Behalf
of Clarence Darrow,
Accused of Bribery.
IN HIS OWN BEHALF
Crowds Become Riotous
When Doors Are Thrown
Open, Several Women
Special to The Tribune.
LOS AXGELBS, March ". When the
Darrow trial was resumed today
conditions approaching a riot were
reached when the doors were
thrown open. Several women
fainted and so blocked the way that few
obtained seats, although a throng of
men and women charged into the court
room. Judge Powers of Salt I,ake began his
masterly pica for the Chicago attorney
at the morning session and closed with
a brilliant peroration In the afternoon,
when Darrow made an eloquent plea
In his own behalf.
"A life well lived comes to a man's
defense In Ids hour of trial."
Taking that phrase as a text, Judge
Powers entered upon the closing argu
ments In defense of Darrow, charged
for the second time with jury bribing
In his defense of the McNamara broth
"It Is Improbable," argued Judge Pow
ers, "that a man of such high char
acter should suddenly become a. crimi
nal. He has lived too long for that.
"Moreover, his acquittal here once on
a similar chaigo Is virtually an ac
quittal In the present trial. But the
prosecution desires to crush him. Why?
"Because ho has dared defend organ
The defense bitterly assailed Bert H.
Franklin, Darrow's confidential agent,
whose confession of bribery laid the
foundation for 1i1b employer's two tri
als. Calls Harrington Spy.
Equally merciless was tho characteri
zation of John R. Hurrlngton, of counsel
with Darrow in the McNamara trial,
and later an informer against him.
Franklin was called a "self-confessed
criminal," and "follower of a peephole
profession." Harrington was a "spy Im
peached by his own conduct."
Franklin was said to have declared be
fore his own trialIn which he was fined
exactly the amount of alleged bribe mon
ey found In his pockets that he had
nothing to fear, because District Attor
ney Fredericks was his friend.
"Fredericks will lose his standing."
commented Judge Powers, "unless he
changes Ills friends. It must be that he
knew Franklin was not a briber, but a
tool, else he never would havo employed
him as his servant afterward."
In previous testimony it had been as
serted that Fredericks offered to give
Franklin employment after Franklin's
trial was ended.
Guy Blddinger of Chicago was another
witness grilled. "Blddinger," declared
Judge Powers, "is really a Burns opera
tive, although he says he did long service
on the police force in Chicago. Well, let
me tell you that the longer a man Is on
the police force, the worse It Is for the
In beginning his address Darrow bit
terly assailed former Judge Wheaton A.
Gray, special prosecutor, who yesterday
afternoon scored Darrow.
"Only once before," said Darrow to the
jury, "have I had occasion to speak to a
Jury for myself (referring to the former
trial which resulted in his acquittal),
"and one feels on such an occasion that
he may say too much or too little. So I
will try to forgot that I am a lawyer
and will talk to you as man to man, fair
ly, honestly, as I have always tried to
talk and tried to live.
"Had I been a robber or burglar or a
defaulting bank cashier and had been
tried once and acquitted, no one would
havo dared to place mo on trial again In
a community of Intelligent men, But I
had to bo tried again-because tho forces
which control this United Statesthe
great force of evil want to destroy me.
They have bribed every gutter snipe and
every niiwcr rat they could to testify
against me, so that their masters might
'get me.' "
He.proceedod to bellttln tho prosecu
tors and the evidence they had mustered
against him, saying:
"There Isn't enough evidence against
mo to warrant any of you whipping your
dog, If you have one, if that evidence
were against that dog.
"I don't fear you jurors. I have been
here too long. J know you too well. I
no morn doubt Ihn result than I would
if my brothers ami sisters were passing
Judgment upon my giillt or innocence
"Any conscientious man, knowing tho
infamy of tho plot against me. would
acquit me on tluit account, oven if he
thought me guilty."
Darrow npoke for more than two hours
and was scheduled to finish his argu
ments tomorrow morning.
Tho address of Judge. Powers to the
jury 13 admlttrd on all sides to havo been
one of tho greatest legal ofToi'ta over de
livered in California, and it Is the con
sensus of opinion that Darrow will again
I WAR AT THE BORDER Type of United States I
army regular above at left, 15,000 of whom are be
ing massed on the Mexican line. At the right is shown
a typical Mexican warrior of Sonora. The picture in
the lower left hand corner shows one of the five gun
boats that comprise the entire Mexican navy.
tui mm ens
Vessel Loaded With Soldiers
and All on Board Find
Watery - Grave.
By International News Service.
BERLIN, March 5. A dispatcli tonight
to the Frankfort Gazette from Constanti
nople says that the Greek transport
Themistoclcs was sunk by the Turkish
cruiser Haimldjl off Cassandra. Ac
accordlng to the dispatch; the troopship
was loaded with soldiers and all on board
went down with the ship.
Another transport was pursued, but
escaped after a long chase.
LONDON". March 5. The diplomatic
wheel Is turning slowly In the near-cast
settlement. Only yesterday were the
formalities of communicating Turkey's
request for European mediation com
pleted at the capitals of tho Balkan
league and tho allied governments gave
an Identical reply that they first must
consult with each other.
Meanwhile, although more than a
month has passed since the armistice
was ended, military operations are prac
tically In abeyance, and Turkey's be
sieged fortresses, which were to fall In
a few days, still hold out. The financial
and economic results of tills delay must
be disastrous to the. allies.
According to reports published at
Vienna, the powers arc at variance on
the question of Indemnity. It is said
that Great Britain and France oppose
the idea, while Russia favors it. It is sup
posed that Russia secretly may have ad
vanced funds for war purposes to Bul
garia and therefore desires to sec Bul
garia reimbursed by an Indemnity.
A Constantinople dispatch received at
Vienna reports the existence of a serious
movement among the military leaders
at Tchatalja lo overthrow tho govern
ment. LONDON, March 6. A Constantinople
dispatch to the Dally Mall says that se
vere snowstorms have caused terrlbb;
suffering among the troops at Tchatalja.
Fifty or more outpost men have been
frozen to death and others so frost bit
ten that It was necessary to resort to
LONDON. March 0. A Belgrade dis
patch to the Dally Telegraph fays the
Servian siege guns are now in position,
around Adrlanoplo, but heavy snowfall:'
ASHES OF DEAD MAN
SENT BY PARCEL POST
DENVER, Colo., March G. "Here Is
a dead man," was tho comment made
by a parcel post clerk horc today as he
help up to the view of his fellow clerks
a package nlnu inches square and weigh
ing seven pounds.
The package contained the aahca of
Edward E. Knotts of California, who
died horn a few days ago following an
attack or appondlcltls.
The pnekago was addressed to the
widow, Mrs. Ada A. Knotts, San Fran
cisco. It cost 51 cents postage and bore
a 10-cent. Insurance stamp.
ITf OfUEE SUM
Seeks to Recover 3100,000
From American Sug-ar Re
NEW ORLEANS, March a. A suit to
recover $100,000 In customs duties al
leged to be due the government through
fraudulent sampling of Importations of
sugar, was tiled here today In the fed
eral district court against the American
Sugar Refining company.
The rqllnlng company denies frauds
have been committed by' any of Its of
cers or agents.
District Attorney Charleton R. Beat
tie, In the suit filed, charges that offi
cers of the American Sugar Refining
company at New Orleans, "by Improper
Influences, gifts, payments, favors, threats
and pressure.'' caused government sam
plers to make fraudulent tests.
Former Secretary MacVeagh last Sep
tember ordered the rellquldatlon of all
entries of sugar by the American Sugar
'Refining company at this port between
the years 1001 and 1907.
"When Collector of the Port Clarence
Hebert mado formal demand for $100,
r30.3 the alleged difference between
the duties paid by the rellnery and what
It should have paid on .valuation of the
entries the company refused to settle.
The present suit resulted.
I. L. WItherspoon. manager of the
accused company, sold today:
"The governments contention is that
on those cargoes where the settlement
test (the average of two tests, one made
by the seller, one by the buyer) appears
lo be higher than the government test,
which' Is ascertained entirely by gov
ernment omployecs, the government test
Is Incorrect, and that this company
should pay the government the difference
between the settlement test and the
government test. On the other hand,
where the government test Is higher than
the settlement lest, then no fraud Is
presumed, the government test being cor
rect, and the settlement test being In
correct, a policy puroly of 'Heads I win.
talis you lose.
"From our viewpoint, there Is no foun
dation whatsoever for tho government's,
claim. Wo will contest to the end."
SUFFRAGE IS GIVEN
BOSTON, March 5. The cause of worn
an suffrage received a setback in two
Now England legislatures today.
After several spirited hearings partici
pated in by prominent men and women,
a committee In the Massachusetts legis
lature voted to report 'leave to with
draw" on a bill providing for a referen
dum on a constitutional amendment
which would eliminate tho word "male"
from the provision defining tho qualifica
tions of a voter.
Six members of the committee voted
against suffrage, three for It and two
were not recorded.
A. ulmllar bill was killed In tho Maine
house by a vote or S9 to 53 after it had
been passed by the senate.
SONORA DECLARES I
ITS INDEPENDENCE I
OF HUERTA RULE I
Practically Secedes From Mexico I
and Warns Central Government H
Not to Send Troops Into H
WASHINGTON COMMANDS I
OUR TROOPS TO GO SLOW M
HERMOSILLO, Mexico, March 5. Repudiation oE Jluerta's
provisional national government was made officially here
laic today at a special meeting of the Sonora state con
gross, which also issued a general call to arms for all people of
the state to prevent any intrusion ol: Iluerta soldiers.
"Any attempt to bring government troops into Sonora will
be resented," was the message sent by the state authorities lieu
to the party in power at Mexico City.
Provisional Governor Pesquiera has issueci an announcement
4J'am prepared to defend the state with my life."
He was appointed chief executive by the senate when Gov
ernor Maytorcna, now a refugee in Arizona, was ousted.
Cannons have been placed around, the city and intreiichments
are being dug.
SONORA REBELS TO FIGHT I
NEAR ARIZONA lNE TODAY I
, . ' Special to The Tribune.
DOUGLAS, Ariz;, March 5. Trains
from the south -this afternoon brought
many refugees vrho reported northern
Sonora is in a state of commotion in
preparation for a general enmpaign to
make the border state an independent
Private telegrams received here from
Mexico City say that lluort.i lias ap
pointed Manuel Mnscarenns provisional
governor of Sonora, with orders to pro
ceed to Ilermosillo and subdue the up
rising there. Messages from Henno
sillo say that General Obrcgon has been
appointed commander of the constitu
tionalisms in rebellion against tho Mex
ico City government.
Tho former Mndcristas continue mob
ilization of troops at Colouia Morclosi,
below this point. "Rebels camped ten
miles to tho south declare they will
make an attack tomorrow morning on
Agua Priota, the Mexican border town
TROOPERS BATTLE At LINE; I
CARRANZA'S POWER GROWS
Special to The Tribune.
MEXICO CITY, March 5. After a
da 3' of scattering fire between Mex
ican and American troops along tho
Arizona border, during which two Mex
icans were killed, tho most significant
development of the dny was an ex
change of messages between Governor
Carranr.a of Conhuila and United States
Carranza telegraphed Wilson that lie
had 11,000 men in his army, all loyal
and determined to fight the now ad
ministration to the death. He said he
would not give in until Huerta re
signed in favor of Lnseurain and until
Felix Diaz, the originator of the revolt
against Madero, left Mexico.
Embassador "Wilson took Carranza 's
telegram to Huerta. Huerta declared
it was a "bluff,'' that Carranza could
not have more than 2000 men. Mr. Wil
son wired tonight to Carranza. advis
ing him to submit to the prevailing gov-
BRYAN PLANS TO OUTLINE
HIS MEXICAN POLICY TODAY
Special to The Tribune.
WASHINGTON, March n. Secrotary
Bryan started in at high speed. The
first matters taken up related to Mex
ico and Central America. Thero were
two conferences with President Wilson
at the White house and announcement
was mado that Mr. Bryan would have
a statement tomorrow.
Nothing was said that could be
opposite Douglas. This was brought hero IH
late today by a -courier from the rebel
camp, where o00 Mndcristas under Gen
crals Samaniego and Codrova are lo
catcd. Desertions have depleted tho
Agua Prieta garrison to 100 men and
General 6jcda finds it impossible to get
help from the interior.
All 700 ineu and machine guns of fl
the Ninth United States cavalry, which IH
lias had two brushes with Mexican
troops over the line, are stretched along
the border tonight. By order -of the
war department, a guard of the negro
troopers has been placed at tho Doug
las water plant. This was requested IJ
by tho local residents. Nearly all of
the Mexican population hero are sym- t
pathizers with the new MadcristaK. jJ
Colonel Guilfoyle has received or
dcrs from Washington only to return
the fire of Moxicans over the line where
necessary to protect American lives and
to keep tho patrol under cover.
eminent while there was still time to
do so without trouble.
DOUGLAS, Ariz., MrtcIi 5. For
some unknown reason, Mexicans began jH
firing today over tho border upon tho
United States troops that are strung IH
out for twenty miles on either side of jH
this city. Brigadier Goneral Bliss has
advised Washington that Colonel Guil
foyle has reported that an armed bqdy
of Mexicans moved out of Agua Priota
this morning, deployed and fired on a
detached American post about a thou
sand yards south of the camp on tho
Ono American machine gun respond
ed and that was enough to set tho Mex
icaus flying. Two Mexicans are re
Goneral Bliss telegraphed Gonernl
Guilfoyle that in case of further at
iack Jhe should not return tho fire ex
ccpt for protection of life among his
taken as indicative of tho policy mac -h
will he followed by tho Wilson admin-
istration with regard to Mexico, but it
is gonerally bcliovcd that several of
the battleships now in Mexicnn waters
will be recalled at an early date.-
The dispatches to tho state depart
mcnt today told that Frank Horace,
(Continued on Page Two.)