kHfel fl)Jt JliJlt $Sw& fmWX f-M I
EoL. LXXXVI., NO. 145. SALT LAKE CITY, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 8, 1913. 14 PAGES FIVE CENTS H
Mast Is Caused by Fire
fin Hold While Explos-
five Is Being Loaded
flnto Steamer Off Fort
Carroll, at Baltimore.
Iaptain of tug
j SACRIFICES LIFE
lany of the Survivors
Frightfully Injured and
Isveral Cannot Sur
ve; Towns Miles
ALTIMOItE, Mi, March 7.
Three houndrod tons of dyna
mite being loaded in tho British
tramp steamer Alum Chine in
lower harbor, off Fort Carroll, cx
;d about 10:30 o'clock this morn
iustantly killing from forty to
men, wounding and maiming
s scoro moro, some of whom may
and dealing destruction to half a
on dollars' worth of property,
e Alum Chine and a loading scow
fsido hor wore complete' annihi
; the tug Atlantic, which twice
to tho rescuo o impcrilod sea
was sot on firo and later sank;
United States collier Jason, just
letcd and ready for trial, was
i to hor deck and hor plates rid
and buildings in Baltimore and
i and towns man- miles away woro
;d by the forco of tho terrific ex
ise Is Unknown,
o cause of the disastor is unknown
;ht, but federal authorities have
tuted a thorough investigation to
i tho blame. Excited survivors
conflicting stories, ' somo insisting
a negro stevedore caused tho ox
on by jamming a pike into a case
lynamite. This is denied by all
iritnesscs, who claim that smoke
seen pouring from the Alum
c's hold several minutes before the
; a late hour tonight the bodies of
ity dead had been brought to
mos in this city, and sixty injured
i in the hospitals. The estimates
lie doad included thirty stevedores
checkers of the Josoph Foard com
' employed in transferring dyna
from a barge to the Alum Chine,
h was bound for Panama; eight
il'mMpc, tx men ou the collier Jason, and
kjRcaptain and several menfbors of the
ll' Br Atlantic. Many bodios,
is; H holievod, never will be recovered
SMt Cy "waters.
t 9m n3Uro a Bcore are fright-
iY;WpniRht nine of tho dead had been
V JTf'od as follows:
..JTAIN WILLIAM E. VAN-
W? 1 Baltimoro, of the tug Atlantic.
JfyBOBERT W. DIGGS, first mato tug
i tfTRWARD. WAT TUBS, chief officer
flB8EPH P. LENNON, Baltimoro,
, tyDtic crow.
aSfeBPH T' H00D Btovcdrcs, all of
?JKaBI,ES DAVIS, firoman on collior
m WjHNJLlND, fireman, collior Jason,
fm'I'rc'M BALSTON, stovodoro,
i-jHF1 SMITH, alevedore, Balti-
"id6S UNIDENTIFIED NEQEO
m'inR. believed, to be dead:
,W.om -the Alum Chino:
-PBo Gomoz, donkey engineer.
Jme& QibBon, Cardiff, TValos, fire-
&$Bh-?T avi8 Cardiff, Wales, fireman.
. Noilbprg, firoman.
aMMtav Loibig, seaman.
lrcOontlnped Troin Page Two.)
LINDLEY M. GARRISON,
of New Jersey, who has been
made secretary of war by
President Woodrow Wilson.
WOOL TARIFF BILL
FIST HE LIST
Measure Will Be Read' When
Congress Meets in Extra
Session April l.
By InternajHonal News Service
WiA SniNCrT ON, March 7. Demo
cratic house leaders have decided defi
nitely to present tho wool revision tar
iff bill first at tho extra session of
congress. The wool schednlo is admit
ted to bo tho cornorstonc of tho protec
tive tariff system and policy. "Votes
by Democrats on this vote will givo
Leader Underwood a lino on all the
now Democratic mombers.
Tho ways and means committee had
a general discussion today of the tariff
problem. Underwood was asked what
was tho position of tho president on
tho subject of the tariff. Mr. Under
wood said that tho president desired a
downward tariff revision.
Thcro will be daily sessions of the
committee until April 1, whon the spe
cial session meets, that tho tariff bills
may bo comploted. Tho houso will
pass the "popgun" bills, or tho sched
ule 'by schedulo rovision. Tho sonnte
will lnmp the bills and make a general
tariff bill. Through this plan it is
possible to effect tariff revision by
compromise. Underwood dosiroa to pre
vent this treatment of the tariff prob
lem. Tho 7)rcscnt dut" on wool is about
11 cents a pound. The proposed duty
will be ubout 5 cents a pound. There
will be an average- of 83 per cent on
all woolon manufactures.
A federal income tax, probably of 1
per cent, and a free sugar tariff schod
ulo practically were agrcod upon to
day. Representative Garner of Texas,
Stanley or Keutucky and Collier of
Mississippi, chosen as tho three new
Democratic members met with the
committeemen todaj' lor tho first time.
Tho minimum income to which tho
proposed tax would apply was not
agreed upon, but $5000 is said gener
ally to have been favored.
THREE BODIES IN
RUINS, IS REPORT
Seven Persons Injured in Fire
Resulting From Natural Gas
Explosion at Hot Springs.
By International Xaws Service.
HOT SPRINGS, Arlc. March 7. Scvon
persons were Injured and six business
establishments, four doctors offices and
a sanitarium were destroyed in a Are
that started from an explosion of nat
ural gnu In the business district today.
The loss Is conservatively estimated at
The explosion occurred In Mattar
Brothers' Oriental store, It toro out the
front part of the atom and rondered
many of thoe In the store unconscious.
Miss ioota. WlUouchby and W. R. Fried
man were perhaps fatally Injured.
Twenty putlents In Ir. B. F. "Welngar's
sanitarium, which was directly over the
store, were rescued.
There are reports that three bodies are
in tho ruins, but this cannot be con
firmed until a search is made tomorrow.
FROM CLEVELAND JAIL
CLEVELAND. O.. JiEarch 7. James L.
McNlcholas of Portland, Or,, and Cleve
land, held In the county Jail under ?20,
000 bond under Indictment for uelnjr the
malls to defraud, broke jail shortly after
midnight and oscapp.d.
After a country-wide starch of five
months, McNlcholas was caught In Bos
ton threo weelcs ago. It la said he had
caused northern Ohio Investors to lose
ncarlv $1,000,000 through Investments in
alleged worthless western mining stocks.
The method of his escape, through a
basement window, led the police to be
lieve ho had a confederate within tho
POINT JIT ISSUE
Chicago Millionaires and In
habitants of the Tenderloin
Give Evidence Before
POLICY THEY FOLLOW
Amount Paid for Services Has
Little to Do With Immoral
ity, Is View of Proprietors
of Department Stores.
CHICAGO, March 7. "The em
ployers think low wages have
nothing to do with immorality
among women. Tho women who
have fallen think low wages have
everything to do with it."
That was tho way a member of (he
state sennto vice investigating commis
sion summed up the conflicting testi
mony given at the committee hearing
Arraed on one side were Julius
Roscnwald, president of Sears, "Roobuck
& Co.; James Simpson, vice president of
Marshall Field & Co.; E. F. Handel,
president of Mandcl Brothers, and Hoy
Shayno, president of John T. Shay no
& Co. Their firms employ many thou
sands of girls and women. On the other
side wero a half dozen denizens of the
"tenderloin" brought before the com
mittee on "Jane Doe" warrants.
Minimum Wage Proposed.
The committco explained to tho em
ployers that it wished information bear
ing on a bill now pending in tho legis
lature establishing a minimum wage
scale- of $12 a week for women. The
employers held this figure to bo ex
cessive and declared the law an impos
sibility. It developed that practically all the
women employed in tho retail stores
live at homo and much time was con
sumed in discussing a proper living
wage for those so situated. Tho em
ployers took tho position that they are
under no obligation to pay errand
girls and othor unskilled help classed
as ".-juvenile" a living wage, as such
employees aro assumed to bo entitled to
a living at the expense of their par
ents. Senator Nels Juul of the com
mittee insisted that tho othor members
of a working girl's family cam no
more than enough to support them
selves and that if any member of such
a family onrns less than a living wage
the family suffers.
Question of Environment.
Mandol and Rosenwald expressed tho
opinion that a girl's character and
hor environment shape her life. Wages
have little to do with it, they said.
Thoy laid stress on environment.
"But doesn't a living wage, or a
wage undor that, have much to do with
environment?" queried Lieutenant Gov
ernor O'Ifara, chairman of the commit
tee. This was admitted.
"If a girl cannot live on hor income,
don't you think that, with tho pitfalls
which surround a young woman, an im
moral life offers the easiest way out?"
Maudel was usked.
"Not if she is tho right kind of a
girl; if she is starving and, immorality
is repugnant to her, as it should be,
she can go into domestic service. "
"What!" exclaimed Senator Jnul,
"do you think thero aro enough places
for domestics to tako caro of all tho
undorpaid girls and womou working in
stores and factories?"
"House servants are mighty scarce'
smiled tho witness. I
Says $8 Living Wage. I
Mandel oxprcssed the opinion that $8
is a living wago for a girl dependent
upon herself alone. J
Juul asked him to show how this
should be spent to provide the necessi
ties o life. After Maudel had ouumor
ated $1 for clothes, 25 cents for laun
dry, $-1 for board and room, CO cents
for sickness, 70 cents for lunches, 60
cents for car fare and 10 cents for the
collection box in church, Juul declared
that these items includod only about
half tho girl's necessary expenses.
Mandol inaistod, howovor, that the
committeeman should not disregard
tho fact that most employees live at
home and aro not ontircly dependent
Mr. Simpson presented figures which
showed that the Marshall Field retail
store omploys 4222 females whoso aver
age wage is, $10.70.
Of thoso ' 440 aro short-hour em
ployees who work during rush hours
and while tho regular clorks are at
lunch. AH live at hqme, ho said.
It dcvoloped that the short-hour em
ployees aro paid on a basis of $8 a
week, so that a clerk workiug but four
hours a day would receive but $-1,
"This latter class is composed moat-
(Coutlnued on Pago Four).
IRE PLACED ON
Discussion Following Sugges
tion to Limit Expenditure
Develops Possible Increase
MATTSON PLAN CAUSE
OF A HEATED SESSION
Joint Legislative Committee
on Appropriations Takes
Vote of Confidence in
AFTER a long and heated session
with tho members of the state
capitol commission yesterday
the joinl committee on appro
priations from the senate and house
decided to reject tho proposition sug
gested to the committee by Secretary
of State David Matlson for limiting the
ultimate cost of the state capitol to
$1,500,000 and providing for tho return
of an additional $500,000 available for
capitol construction purposes to the
general fund of the state.
Members, of the capitol commission
who appeared before the committee
were indignant at the suggestion made
by Mr. Mattson and declared that it
reflected on the integrity of tho mem
bers of the commission. Governor Wil
liam Spry, Attorney General A. IS.
Barnes and John Dern of the state cap
itol commission spoke warmly on the
subject, declaring that Mr. Mattson 's
proposal was ill-advised and ill-considered
and that his estimates of the cost
of the building were incomplete. Mr. J
Dern submitted to the committee in- J
complete estimates of the fotal cost of
tho construction of tho building, show-,
ing that its cose would approximate
Vote of Confidence.
After hearing the members of the
commission and a brief statement by
Mr. Mattson. the joint committee voted
unanimously to express their confidence
in the stale capitol commission. The
committco also decided to meet this
morning to formulate a reply to Mr.
Mattson stating tho position of tho
members of the committee with refer
ence to his communication.
Mr. Mattson 'a communication pur-
(Continued on Pago Four.) i
OF MS PLANS
Favors Proposal to Confine
Special Session to Tariff
Bill; Expects Currency
Measure to Be Deferred.
NO CHANGE IN CUSTOM
OF PICKING APPOINTEES
Senators Learn President Will
Observe the Usual Courte
sies; Murphy Pays Ex
ecutive a Visit.
WASniXGTON, March 7. Pres
ident Wilson had settled deep
enough in office today to indi
cate pretty clearl' some of the
things to be expected of him in tho near
future. He made no public announce
ments of policy, but there were a few
of the developments that seemed to
show the trend of the first days of his
The president told visitors that he
wns inclined to favor the" plau of the
bouse leaders to confine the special
session of congress to tariff rovision.
Tie indicated that whilo he did not look
forward to the passage of a currency
reform measure at the special session,
such a bill might be whipped into
shape in the house while tho senate waB
wrestling with the tariff and could
bo brought up immcdiatcb after con
gress convened in regular session in De
cember. Indorses Economy.
The president indorsed the policy of
Democratic economy favored by Chair
man Fitzgerald of the house appropria
tions "committee and other leaders.
His attentiou was called to the need
of the passage of the sundry civil appro
priation bill at the special session. This
bill was vetoed by former President
Taft because of its provision practical
I3' exempting labor unions and farm
ers' organizations from prosecution un
dor the Sherman anti-trust law. Friends
familiar with tho president's attitude
toward kindred questions declared that
unless it could be shown that the para
graph to which the former president
objected was not "class legislation,"
he would use his influcnco to prevent
(Continued on Page Four).
! THE SUNDAY TRIBUNE
SINS OF THE FATHERS How the old biblical law worked
1 out for Lorraine Hollis beauty, actress and playwright, j
S whose shadowed life has been ended by starvation in
! GALLEG-HER The greatest story Richard Harding Davis S
j! has written. Another of the Van Loan baseball stories j
jl will also appear in The Tribune Magazine. !
! A MARVEL Astonishing machines suggested by a Swiss j
' scientist to open up earth's remotest places,, and l.o I
! make impossible a repetition of the Captain Scott; j
s tragedy. j
! FASHION SECTION The great spring fashion section of J
!; The Tribune will appear tomorrow. Tt will contain all
!; ' tho latest information regarding styles. j
j LADY DUFF-GORDON Flat hats and fountain plumes dis- i
!; cussed. Skirts, hats and head-dresses that Paris will I
i favor during the early spring season. ' j
! HEARST OOMICS The four-page comic supplement in J
colors is the besl. in the world. Then, too, there are 2
j "Mutt and Jeff," "Silk Hat Harry" and all that goodly i
FAY KING Bat Nelson's bride, who wants divorce, writes
approvingly of Joe Rivera's bride. She lauds love dc- i
; spite her own domestic shipwreck. i
! AD "W0LGA3T Naughton, the veteran ring critie, gives his j
j estimate of the "Michigan "Wildcat," based on his show- I
I ing in the recent fight with Harlem Tommy Murphj (
) BASEBALL Macbeth is in Bermuda with Chance's team
? and gives the freshest hews obtainable about the "New
i Yorks." i
i RACING Telegraphic reports from the Juarez and Charles- 5
5 ton courses with an interesting letter from the Mexican t
track. This is the only reliable racing news published ?
) in the intermountain country. j
S BASKETBALL The state tournament closes tonight. In- j
dications are that L. D. S. of Salt Lake will bo the
champion team. A full report, will be found in The t
CHARLES P. NEDLL, who
will be named for commission
er of labor statistics by the
ft .AiK fllH
Appropriation for Metallifer
ous Experiment Work Prob
ably Lost by Taft Veto,
Special to The Tribune.
"WASHINGTON. -March 7. Western
members interviewed todny expressed
concern over tho defeat of the $200,000
item for metalliferous experiment
svork which was lost with the failure of
the sundry civi bill in the closing hours
of congress. Tho item was retained in
the Inst "bill only by the utmost efforts
of western members and. by a very
narrow marpn in the house. A canvass
of new members who must pnss on tho
matter in the coming session is claimed
to show a lack of sufficient votes to be
relied upon to insure the appropria
tion. The complete change in all senate
committees by which tho important
chairmanships -will ro to senators from
states not particularly interested in
metalliferous mining makes it impos
sible to briupf the same influence to
bear in support of the appropriation
as was possible under former condi
tions in that bod' and the situation
causes serious apprehension among- the
frionds of metal mining. It is pointed
out that the controlling clement iii
both house and senate will demand a
reduction of the "aggregate expenses
and will be slow to make large appro
priations for new projects.
JURY IN DARROW
No Report AVill Be Received by
. the Court Until 10 O'Clock
LOS AXGRL13S, Gil.. March 7. The
jury that Is passing upon the guilt or
Innocence of Clarence S. Darrow, the
Chicago attorney charged with bribery
in connection with the McXnmara trlnl,
spent a day In fruitless discussion and
seemed hopelessly deadlocked when, at
S o'clock tunight. Superior Judqe Conley
announced that he would receive no re
port from the jury room until court re
convened at 10 o'clock tomorrow morn
ing. Up to the hour named by Judge
Conley for today's adjournment to be
come effective, no word had come from
the Jurors as" to the possibility of their
arriving at a verdict.
Many runiors were In circulation today
and tonight regarding the division among
the Jurors, tho. most commonly accepted
report being that they stood 10 to 2 for
acquittal. Late tonight, however, it was
reported on what was said to be authen
tic information that the Jury stood 8 to -I
WATER IN COLD
Internal Revenue Agents Find
Evidence of Violatidns of
haw in Chicago.
CHICAGO, March 7. One-half tho but
ter In cold storage In Chicago Is adulter
ated In violation of the internal revenue
laws, tlio adulterutlon constating of water
moisture In quantities of from IB to 33
per cent of the actual weight of the but
ter, according to officials of the United
States Internal rnvenue department, fol-'
lowing an exhaustive test of the Chicago
butter supply, concluded toduy.
Ovor 300.000 pounds of the product has
been seized by j-ovunuo agents because
of thii alleged unlawful process. Numer
ous suits are to be brought againut but
ter dealers for evading a 10-cent per
pound tax and other penalties.
Chicago, as the central butter mnr
ket, has been under Investigation by a
corps of special Internal revenue agents
for several weeks.
Since the Inquiry began It Is asserted
that 20,000.000 pounds of butter han dis
appeared from the local warehouses.
, Big Gun Named "Woodrow."
NEWPORT N1TWS. Va March 7. The
first H-lnch gun mounted on the new bat
tleship Texas, under construction here,
ha ben named by workmen "Wood
row." Until the mighty drcadnaught
goes out of commission tho gun will be
REBELS CAUSE I
GREAT ANXIETY I
IN DLOMEXiCO I
Situation in Coahuila Grows fl
Worse Each Day and Out- jH
look, for Crushing Rebel
lion Not Promising-.
DISCORD BETWEEN fl
HUERTA AND DIAZ- H
Provisional President Not In- f I
clined to Call an Election H
and Release Control of H
DOUGLAS, Ariz., March 7. Con- H
stitutionalist rebels camped in the
hills ton miles to tho south late to-
night, formally demanded the sur- lL
render of Agua Prieta, the Mexican S
border town opposite Douglas. H
General OJeda has no more than H
300 Hucrta federal regulars undor ;.H
his command, but for two days has Am
been making preparations for an mL
expected attack. Tho rebels number
about 500 in on.
The fedorals refuse to surrender.
The rebels threatened to attack
some time after midnight. Rl
MBXrCO ClTl', March 7. With VM
wiro communication inter
rupted between tho capital EH
and the rebel infested conturs ttll
of. Coahuila and Sonora, tho only in- lil
formation concerning conditions there
emanate from government sources.
Thcsc make it appear tonight that a
situation has developed which will tax
the utmost resources of tho new admin
istration. Federal troops in increasing numbers M
are beinj; pushed into the district about fB
Monclovia, in Coahuila, tho center of
the C'arranzista activities, while other ffl
forces are moving into Sonora, where t . B
cx-Govornor Maytorena's effo'ia arc
said to be diroctcd toward inciting tho
Indians to rebellion. Eighteen hundred
additional troops left here tonight for
S:ui .Luis Potosi, where they will co
operate with the force of General 11
Truey Aubcri, who is expected to reach jH
Monclovia before morning. ' Mw
Peace Hope Abandoned.
Hope that the government would be jH
able to effect n pence agreement with
Carranza appears to have been aban- jjH
doncd, and all resources of the war do-
partmcnt arc to be omployed in crush- JM
ing the governor and his followers. yW
It is reported, but without, confir- jH
niation, that Pascual Orozco has placed
himself at the disposition of the gov- fjM
ernment to combat tho Maytorcna
rebels in Sonora, and that 1"00 troopB IH
now are on their way to Chiiuahua,
where they will bo placed in Orozco 's WM
command or subject to his direction. IH
The organization of a division by Gen- jH
eral Cucllar is being rushed, and it is tH
regarded as not unlikely that ho will
be given charge of the campaign in
Disorder in Morelos. IW
There are rumblings of new disorders
in the state of Morelos. Cosio Kobelo, jH
a persistent enemy of the government JH
in the south, is reported to have assom
bled a band of S00 men from the rem-
nants of the forces of the old leaders WM
who were disposed to cast their lot MW
with the Huerta administration.
The attitude of Emiliano Zapata to
ward the new government is still iff
doubt. A note of encouragement came
to tho capital today from the state ot
Mexico, where tho surrender of 750 BH
rebels of the band of Francisco Pa
checo, who had kept Madero's army WM
busy, was arranged in the town of
Rumors of Discord.
Kumor sof dibcord between General
Felix Diaz and-President Hucrta are
said to have grown out of the selection
of the date for the presidential olec
tion. Assurances are given from offi
ciftl sources that there is no basis for
the rumors, but the story current is
that General Diaz desires the selec
tion of a date not later than eight IH
months off, while President Hucrta is IH
standing firm to his original declara- jjH
tion that they be held "when the coun
try is sufficiently pacified to assure
free elections iu every state."
MADEROS ARRIVE m H
THE UNITED ST A TES
N!SV YORK. March 7. If the Imme
dlatc surviving: mcmbcru of Francisco I.
MnUero. the riepoxed prosldwit of Mexico.
who wns slain a feu weeks ago. have
any Intention of resisting the Dlax-Huer-
(Continued on Pag Tb.reX mL
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