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JcWi gdtguM farm i o. i
e Was an Ape Man His Sku
OR the. first time in the history .of that branch
of science which deals with skeleton and
fossil forms of prehistoric life on the earth,
r human interest centres in the finding of a
ful of fragments that were once tho skull of
pe or of a man.
these particular fragments are relics of an
it was a very ancient ape. If they are part
ie skull of an actual man, he was the most
sat man of which any traces have ever been
i Scientific authorities are divided on the
id; but among the most respectable of them
e Arthur Keith, M. D F. R. S., of tho Royal
!ge of Surgeons, of England, and n famous
mtologist who declares that a true, scientific
lBtruction based on these fragments repre
1 indubitably the skull of a human being,
these fragments called the "Piltdown
!" after the locality in Sussex, England,
e they were dug out of a known geological
atlon are remains of an inhabitant of the
sh Isle, no native Briton can resiBt a sense
b Piltdown man was incalculably more an-
than any other whos. remains have been
vered in any part of the world. He dwelt in
iin; therefore, natives of Great
ftT wu traCQ their ancestry
JJuJar b&ok than any other peoples ,
M'BrC8 face of the earth.
K K ? English, fully as much as the
JrBh 1 y Spanish, are obsessed by
'KJ?,ComDaraole dlenity that goes
' Bh "famll'" with ancient lineage,
'v mkz? 4,one and sinew of that race
S K 1 largely Anglo-Saxon, with a
' pofanclent Briton, for the Nor-
th 0 0werf u Arguments
J Sttn ,mayor of Bn Australian mining
. "i bean away on leave, a.inl
Kuu ha,J 01Ualai,ed 1L voto ot
.'a K r Wa" Paused upon lilm. At
"' E hir1 mootlns of th council he.
read ? H l Pre,vltua meeting
.' mVn tat eontalnad tho tol-
' ftVarf' rConfl"re wa Passed on
it v0 uttaylxiK his a,ave,
4 fcnatTo" B1V3d tP ask or
5 ' "ald a councillor, otandlnc
R'rrogJJor Vi y?ur nontln'a hi
ftr. ..TJ"a' r to tho unfortunata mom-
H&ith takB thatl"
li. Uun5!Eht and feI,ed
' Kiln 110 "anded thin reBolutlonr ,
fff McM l rt.,n0t ve-anxlous for a
i man Conquest did not greatly change the racial
5a character of the population below the ranks of
gi But even in the nobility of England there are
rafy still families of more or less pure Anglo-Saxon
Ml descent. One of these is the Howard family, of
W which the .present Duke of Norfolk is the head.
If He Was a eal Man His SluUWas
The Churchllls are Anglo-Saxon, headed by
the Duke of Marlborough. Lord Lonsdale
named Lowther is an Anglo-Saxon. The .
noblest Saxon of them all 1b the living, titled Uiagrai
descendant of "Herewald the Wake" that
most distinguished Saxon warrior whom
William could not conquer. i
So, if the Piltdown skull belonged to an actual
man, and not to an ape, all these noble English i
families, and thousands of English commoner
families, can lay claim to the most ancient of
discovered ancestors. It Is an admitted fact that
the great news caused them to swell with pride.
But, alas! an Incautious stroke of the discov
erer's pick left a marginal Inch of doubt about
the matter. The pick chipped off and destroyed
a fragment of that ancient skull of a size that Is
conjectural. The reconstruction by the cele
brated Dr. A. Smith -Wood ward shows the char
acteristically narrow skull of an ape quite curi
ously resembling In form that of the Hon. Will
iam A. Sulzer; whereas, tho equally celebrated
Professor Arthur Keith, adding but an Inch to
the conjectural width of the lost fragment, pre
sents a reconstruction of a veritable man's skull,
broad and capacious like that of Colonel Roose
velt Naturally, this discrepancy In reconstruction
of the Piltdown skull considerably dampens the
enthusiasm of ancestry-loving Englishmen, In
fact, It "rattles" them for the controversy still
rages, dividing high scientific authority into two
camps, one demonstrating a Pleistocene Briton
with the brain capacity of the late William E.
Gladstone, and the other denying a brain that
could have been larger than that qf ,an ape.
Adherents of the ape reconstruction appear to
have an advantage in the size and shape of the
aower jaw, found with the Piltdown skull which
im of the Top of the Skull Showing the Locati
the Disputed Inch and Its Effects.
is unquestionably ape-like. But Professor Keith,
of the ancient Briton reconstruction, asks, significantly:
recovered that the reconstruction of the major i : !
part of tho skull Is not a matter of Inference, but . tmMmM0lmi M
one of simple anatomical fact. . In.all human MfCT I jhl
, and anthropoid skulls a blood channel runs .. : II
I along the middle line of the roof of the :
skulh An unmistakable part of this me- Smmi '
dian groove remains in one of the Piltdown Sfe'W 1 IB
fragments. This must conform to the mid- w'iaS If
die line of the reconstruction, but in Dr. mWMWf'WvM ! It
Smith-Woodward's reconstruction it has SBKMW Iff)
& been carried over tho middle line to the SMfSffl 111
fc extent of almost an inch. MfhBl'yi - til
m "The reader will readily perceive how this Bs.T " t It
M will affect the brain capacity of the skull if ffefdsr ' .'I
he will place tho tips of the half-bent fingers Mff'lP' W
of right and left hand together so as to en- 0?$ &1 ' Y
J close a space, representing the brain-cavity, :- &vff sJk ft
between them. If the fingers are allowed '-W'W'm ill
to lock, so that the tips glide past each other . JWPtwfi ' i I
about an Inch, it will be evident how much 1 siMM ill
the space enclosed between tho hand is ' fHKH III
diminished. If tho partB in the middle lino JMfW&i ' I !
K of the roof of. the skull are slmlllarly dis- WWSBrW I ill
. placed, the reduction of the brain space Is M')ZJ0 lis
tQn Of equaIly great.. - PsMMI I f
Professor Keith restores that luch of liijf$m0Ma S t3
brain capacity, thus showing that this an- S&SmtsW I M
cient Briton was a man, not an ape. But still, Wm " ! lint
some scientific doubt remains and the English s?4 ' fli'l
hate to be In any doubt about their ancestry. .WMmmSMM I ' I
' My Secrets Of Beailty-By Mme.LmaCavalieri
TO Insure beautiful and abundant
hail stretch the scalp. Tho skin
of the scalp has a bad habit of at
taching itself firmly to the head. This
tendency must be discouraged, else your
hair will be scant and baldnesa will
If you neglect scalp stretching the
skin will become practically immovable.
It will cling to the head as a miser to
his purse. It Is but a stop in time from
cllnglns to tightening and from tighten
ing to shining. Tho Bhining Bcalp is as
barren of hair aB the Great Mojavo
Desert of vegetation.
Scalp stretching Is not painful, and It la
much less difficult than It sounds. Prosa
the cuohlons of the finger tips against It
and work them all the way around the
head until you have covered a full cir
cle. Then begin again, JuBt within the
last circle you described. Keep on thlB
pressing of the scalp, ring after ring, until
you have covered every point on It even
to the apex of the crown, a very Impor
tant point for treatment, by the way, aa It
Is the beginning point of baldneon. Press
the finger tips aa deoply Into the scalp
no you can without hurting tho nervea.
Pain will quickly warn you If you have
trespassed upon a sensitive nerve. When
you have ttniBhed this pressing of tho
scalp It should be as loose as tho skin
on your face. If it iBn't, begin the work
'The Scotch bath for the hair Is another
Innovation practised In the smartest shops
and fashionable boudoirs of Paris, London
and St. Petersburg. The Scotch bath con
sists In alternate showers of hot and cold
water rapidly given. The hair special
lsto have adopted thin Idea with moat cat
sfactory results. The Scotch bath for the
hair is not a shampoo, but a stimulating
treatment often given dally In cases bf
weak and thin hair. Place before you
two basins of water, or If you have a
stationary washstand let the hot water
run Into the 'bowl, then empty It and use
cold water. Dip your fingers alternately
Into hot and cold water and press jem
upon the scalp, covering every point of It.
Then dip them Into cold water and go
rapidly over the head In the same way.
Cloths or sponges may bo used In the
same way, but there Is danger of making
tho 'hair too wet by so doing. Change
from hot to cold water four or five times.
Continue the process for ten minutes.
No soap must bo used, and the scalp
must be briskly rubbed with a 30ft towel
afterward to thoroughly dry It.
What I am about to tell
you will stir signs of pro
test In the breasts of you
too busy American wo
men, yet It Is the Judg
ment of the greatost hair
speoIallBts that this ought
to be done, and I have MjW
found that my own hair MMfrW
has Increaaed calculably MkW
In beauty since I began Kipi
It. The Greatest Book $?$$
says that every hair of Mw$&ffifi&.
our hoad Is numbered. liv'i
We must take account of
every hair. The newest $kwS$i
means of thorough treat- IfiS!
ment of the hair Is to ltii
shake the dust out of It
every night by grasping "PffiS
the end of the hair and as """"rfrlS
far as possible giving
each tiny hair separate
shaking to rid It of Its (g
dust. Not only does this tmga -M
free It from the accumu- Si. - 'M
lation of the day's dust, R .x 0
but It gives the hair the fA'4r-
ventilation Is requires. T-'
The hair should have ita :V.,'
time for breathing freely l5-v,ji .; ;V?j
a privilege It doesn't en- J; '",;..;
joy when It is twisted p?"f?'A:.-'??
and tortured Into shapes ;
and heaps In which na- TV '
ture intended hair should '. '?fL
lie. In fact nature in- -. ?
tended that the hair U
should hang freely down, $ M ;- Xr"'-' ''-
the back, and the oftcner KflflTO, ,
you can aid naturo In
her plan for the hair the better. Experi
ence has shown us' all that a brushing
is not sufficient to thoroughly free the
hair from the dust, and what the brush
fails to do the shaking does.
Hair pulling that was once regarded
as freakish Is coming now to be a daily
treatment for the hair. Like scalp
stretching and the Scotch bath, it stim
ulates circulation in the scalp. What
ever docs that, helps the growth of the
W- - Mw
'Rub the hair with a little
hair. These will remove all the condi
tions of .the hair that are caused by the
Impoverished, Inactive scalp, dandruff,
dryness of the scalp and falling of the
Castor oil Is now the favorite hair stimu
lant In Europe. The hair tonics are looked
upon with suspicion. Undoubtedly some of
them are good, but every one who prizes
her hair hesitates to take the risk of even
trying a new preparation. Castor oil
Is sticky, and for that reason regarded
as an unpleasant hair grower, but that
condition can bo remedied by pouring into
a four-ounce bottle of castor oil a table
spoonful of alcohol, to "cut" it. Hub this
well into the scalp, for oil-is needod not
by the hair, but tho scalp. It is, so to
speak, a fertilizer to enrich .the hair soli.
The fingers may he dipped" Into olive
or cocoanut oil -when "stretching the
scalp" or to aid in breaking, up tho dry
Tho oil can be removed from the hair
in the same way in which hal'r is polished
by rubbing It with' a piece of silk or vel
vet, strand by strand.
When buying a hair tonic discover, If
you can, whether It contains the three
chief Ingredients of a good scalp tonic,
quinine, oil and limewater. If possible,'
have it analyzed. I prefer a tonic that
Is not colored.
It Is well for every woman to know
the structure of her hair, so that she c
may give It Intelligent care- - The hair
roll of oft cloth
The Idea of tho Present of the Aspect of H ' lf(
manity in the Time of the Piltdown Man 1 rjj
An Idea Which May Be Profoundly
Modified by the New Skull.
Is nourished through Its roots. As the 111111
sap of a tree flows upward from the roots, fija
freshening and vitalizing the tree to Its llifll
farthest leaves, go the oil from tho bo- 111 11
baceous glands pours into tho roots ol lilrni
t the hair and thence permeates its sponge- F$
like Inner tissues. When the hair splits 'Hflili
, at the ends it is because it has not 'mill '
jk enough oil, for it Is insufficiently noun ! ft '
V ished, and more oil must be sent it from j
'$3 tho scalp, or tho blood vessels enmoshod MnS '
5f m tne Interior of each hair are not sup lirMr
' 5 . plied with enough blood. In each case ilHfl '
i &jf. the scalp needs stimulation of Its circula- 'mil! ;
&ag-Lj g tion, which takes us back to where we t 1
msA began, the scalp stretching, which j S i
loosens the skin, and the scalp prea- lilut :
erare, which stimulates tho circulation, '