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9 THE SALT JjAJCE TRIBUNE, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 5, 1013. jj
I e Easiest Part of Our American gdl - J5L :" !
chess of Roxburghe's Interesting Ml . mfS.- Ms. ; ' : . I
oeriment Over Here Are Her jgdmA "' ":'-v' - ' . I
ILL the world naturally takes a sympathetic Interest
In the long and remarkable efforts of the American
Duchess of Roxburghe to produce a male heir to
i Duchess planned In the first place to have a son.
a the second to bring him up on modern, strictly
ic principles, so that he might become as nearly
:t as ipossible, physically and mentally, and a credit
ancient title which he will inherit from his fnther
he great fortune of $25,000,000 whloh he will In
from his mother.
Duchess, who was Miss May Goelet, daughter of
te Ogden Goelet, of New York, was married to the
In 1903. She has, therefore, spent ten years wait
r ihe fulfilment of the first part of her plan. It Is
tiat she consulted the celebrated Professor Schenk,
mna, in order to secure the birth of a son. In ac
uce with his well-known theories, she abstained
Eugar and other articles of diet, the presence of
In the mother's system he belleveB to aid in tbo
ction of female children.
! most distinguished modorn biologists, however,
lng Professor Jacques Loeb, declare that it Is lm
ile to control the production of sex. The paternal
nts, they say, always contain germs of both male
2male characters, and It is entirely a matter of
snt which of the two nccomplishe- the final fortill-
In any case, the Duchess, In securing the birth of a
Mn, must be regarded as having achieved only the easier
rt of her great taBk. To bring up the son of a Duko
''R02cburshe and a Goelet to be eugenically perfect will
'g-as dIfClcult an undertaking in Its line as it is possible
I JjjgepfcB, or the scier of producing a fine
liyfo nas recently been brought to something
approaching an exact science, chiefly y$$jt
rough the study of heredity. s0WM
!IKJw. In order to have a perfect yiW-M'
Sd the two parents must first of $0$'$00,
.ha in perfect physical and men- p V
Ml health. The Roxburghe baby tos02$P
!(ly fulfils this condition, since
0m Duke la a good physical sped- fSSf?
HT'dand tbe Duchess, though, slight
Khees will meet with the greatest BbhBHB
V WBluiiBh hopeless difficulties.
JSP- "donee of heredity teaches the
tof the alternation of genera
. whereby the offspring re
Ibb a more remote ancestor in
direct line, the alteration be
a regular or Irregular rhythm.
mg to this law it Is necessary,
tier to be eugenically perfeot, that a baby should
perfect ancestors for many generations past,
W the evil qualities of a long past generation may
toy time crop out in full force in a new generation.
9 prospect of what may happen to a Roxburghe
Sunder this law Is simply appalling. The Roxburghe
Btry begins in the Middle Ages with red-handed free
zers of the Scottish border, who delighted In nurprls-
toelr neighbors by night and slaughtering thera in
' teds. All the most brutal elements of the Middle
f are represented in these border families, such as
,Ker8 of Cessford, who wore the original ancestor
Se Duke of Roxburghe.
M the family rises In Importance, a more highly de
P'Pefl sensuality Ia added to the earlier elements of
Nlty. The first Earl of Roxburghe took an Import
'part in the drama of intrigue and assassination that
jftoi the tragic reign of Mary Queen of Scots, and
' JK fortllne b" betraying her.
VjBm that time the Roxburghes were in the highest
FB of the British aristocracy. We find the Earl of
IKDttrghe of the time of Charles II. a favorite compan
HRiot that king. He revelled in the extraordinarily
(PjttoUB court life of the Restoration, when the drama
fled a pitch of shamelesBness that must make ouf
fjKnt "white slave" plays seem modest by comparison.
IRjJent hlB flaya ailQ nights in carousing with the
IKJ king and hR faV01jLeB Nell Gwynn, Barbara
Wmi! ' Rochester and the rest of them.
Many alarming elements enter into tne '( lM,'t'' m1
Duke's ancestry besides those traceable to the Wm H
direct line. Through his mother he is a de- if P iSj
scendant of the famous Duke of Marlborough, MM agSWWW JfSj
who founded his fortune by blackmailing a SMwMfM
king's mistress, by profiting by his sister's dis 0M0h9
honor, -and by betraying all hlB employers. f0SwW ZSh
Therefore, it seems that a Roxburghe baby, 'f0fWf
even if reared with the utmost physical and U0$mj0$$
moral precautions, may unexpectedly develop IS'l
the bloodthirsty temper of a mediaeval border baron, " ''?fJ"f'?J "
the morals of a Restoration courtesan, the gross appe. . ? :'. a i&
tites of a Falstaff, the capacity for duplicity and in- . ' , pr t' '
trigue of an Elizabethan statesman, and the bibulous ": M'MMW-
tendencies of an eighteenth century "throe bottle yWM04Mf0iM
foundings necessary for perfect development. He will
live largely In the open air. He will run about with JS&
bare feet, wearing clothing very loose at the Mm M
when he Is very young, because that
most closely corresponds to pre-natal mMM'' , m'MM
ns. $fM M'
The house in which he lives & WM W
will be sterilized and per- 0mMMMl(MW'' . ? .
fectly ventUated. He ml'
'm0t.j0 MlW:- &$WM
The Ducheos of Roxburghe (May Goelet, of New York), the Mother i W MS.
of the First Noble Eugenic Baby. 'fXMw' f "
will live almost entirely on cereals and vegetables
while he is a child, because they are the beat food
for growing tissues.
HlB mother took many precautions before his birth.
He was born In a specially constructed hygienic apart-
ment In Chesterfield House, London. The groat event
did not take place at Floors Castle, the Roxburghe ances
tral seat, because the surroundings might have tended
to revive ancestral tendencies. Ills mother slept In the
opon air as much as posslblo before his birth.
The physical part of his training may be carried out'
perfectly, and yet it may bo rendered entirely worthless
by the outcropping of old evil ancestral characteristics.
His first participation in a game of football may revive
the brutal temper of the border baron. The sight of a
pretty figure when ho Is a growing youth may bring
forth all the sensual characteristics of the Restoration
profligates. A glass of wlno may awake the old tippling
habits of many generations.
The young heir enjoys the Utlo of Marquis of Dow
mont from birth. He must, of course, be taken before long
to his ancestral home, Floors Castle. The sight of this
magnificent house, with its family portraits and armor;
the deference with which ho will bo treated; the adula
tlon of the tenantry, and the general luxury of his sur
roundings, must prove strong factors In reawakening the
old, sinful, self-indulgent tendencies inherited froni
Tho almost i.nevitablo pull toward luxurious living in
Copyright, J 013
one who is W Mf$M "
chnd of dukes m mMi
and millionaires l
will doubtleshe JMm$SZ
one of the greatest felfep
obstacles to the
Duchess'3 ambition wra.---"- j
to raise a eugenl- - ...
cally perfect son. XPtM
The young nobleman's NjfepS
education will be directed
so as to hold in check the 'KW
ovil ancestrlal tendencies
which are most likely to v4w$k
recur. Some or his ances- 1
tors have hud good qualities, and his train
ers will endeavor to bring these out.
Many lntcrcstlsig facts In heredity have recently been
deduced from the observation of animals, it has been
found that certain important qualities are transmitted
to offspring by one sex alone. Thus it haB been found
Mint high egg yield in hens and good milking yield in
cows are qualities transmitted by the male parent only.
It is arguod that analogous rules must "apply with
regard to human beings. If the Duchess of Roxburghe
knew which Important qualities are transmitted through
one sex alone, she would have a bettor prospoct of de
veloping those qualities in her son; but, unfortunately,
Bcience has not yet established the necessary rules with
sufficient clearness in the human race.
The facts aud arguments glvon hero prove that a task
supremely interesting, but of almost unparalleled diffi
culty, lies before the Duchess of Roxburghe in trying to
, by tho Btar Company, ryvt ..'ltiUa.BJEhis Eeaorved.
(What will she do with these ghosts of the bad Roxburghes wicked! ijj
old ancestors who claim their toll in the babe through his hereditary instincts?
Can the mother protect him, even in his eugenic glass, against them?"
How Potatoes Poison You J
THE close investigation being made into
the poisons to be found In various foods
of common consumption has not loft
the humble potato entirely scatheless. "The
poisonous alkaloid and glucocold known as
eolanlne," Is declared by the London Lancet
to be a normal constituent of the healthy po
tato, although In a small degree. When po
tatoes are beginning to sprout, however, this
alkaloid increases rapidly, and in the skin of
tho toothsome tuber especially, It may bo
found In quantities that are likely to prove
The poison of tho potato, like the poison
of tho peanut is one to which comparatively
few people aro susceptible, but to those, very
small quatities set up a great deal of dis
turbance. It not Infrequently happens that
illnesses of unknown origin come from the
eating of foods which aro healthful to the
majority of people, but which havo a dlroct
toxic effect on others.
On the other hand, this particular alkaloid J I
Is valuable as a sedative In cases of nervous
pains and It Is also helpful In keeping down I
fever. To any one suffering from neuralgia, Jfl
a plentiful use of potatoes is helpful in sooth- 11(1
ing the nerves and quieting the pain, more ul
so, frequently, than the same drug admin-
istered in a concentrated form, because It Is jjjl
more evenly absorbed by the body when
taken as a part of the regular food supply. ft1 1
Aside from this one injurious factor, the p I
potato passes the test of examination well. jl 1
No such accusation has been lodgod against Jj 2
It as has been directed upon the turnip and
the justly suspected cereals, especially corn
and rye, and it has "been declared to be even -1
more nutritious than was commonly sup- till
posed. If, however, a pudding is to be tjS
judged by tho eating of it, surely the potato ft I
needs to do nothing in self-defence but point
to tho race which dines on It most freely,
and rest its case. ' (
W mW - Children 1
make a eugenically perfect child of her son. 1 111!!
It is an Interesting fact that had the Duchess of Rox- llllifc Vltel BtUS
burgh e never succeeded in producing an heir the title rT IbIm
would still have descended to the child of an American j '. jJ!S
girl. Her husband's next brother, Lord Alastalr Innes
Ker married Miss Anne Breese. daughter of W. L. r'i.;; pM jiliil
Breese of New York. She has two handsome sons who . Jpj . (JmI '
despite tho absence of tho latest eugenic precautions V. 'fes illlf
seem well qualified to become exceptionally fine dukes. ' If III
In spite of the prospective loss of a dukedom for her- tsSa y! : ; JjfM j
solf and her children, Lady Alassair Innes Ker ex- Sgbs;';. ; aW -
pressed a kindly hope that her sister-in-law might sue- ljli !
ceeded In producing a son, because she haB bo much lllir
moro money to leayo to the little duke. The Duchess fmt
Inhorltod the largest eectlon of New York real eBtato y p . Di - n-n iu liittL !
possessed by anyone outside the Astor family. . SdTmVGtS" J