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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 15, 1908, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1908-05-15/ed-1/seq-2/

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2 WASHINGTON lrERALD RA1D uFltIDiY PMDAY < 1drAYcf15 AY 15 l 19OS S
GOVERN GOVEAN OAS TAKE TAKETANGIBlE TAKETANGIBLE
TANGIBlE ACTION ACTIONContinued CTIONContlnuel
Continued from Page Pnlfe One Onewe OneW Onewe
W we not hope from this gathering there theremay theromI therea7
may mI a7 be b born net only a wiser system Ust m of ofusing otusng ofusng
usng the th still un remaining rznaIntn resources of ofthis otthis oftht
this tht country C uDtry but a eopperatlon between betweennation betweennation betweenat1on
nation at1on and State that shall be aa a help helpful helpful helpful ¬
ful In our political as these tb deliberations deliberationsought iJUbrationsougbt tlberaUonbought
ought to be In our economic future futureThere futurQThere sutureThero
There Are ir Tvro TwoVaa TwoVaaThere 1YOThere Wnye WnyeThere
There are two wyx wysln In which the pro productive producUY6 producli1p8 ¬
ductive power p wer df t the U1e earth Is lessened iseeenclirat lessenedfirst lJSHntdfirst
first by erosion and the tl sweeping we pIng away awayof awqot LW7at
of the th fertile surface into streams and andthence andthence nedthnoe
thence thence to the sea 5 se and 11I1 NI seoaog U OKt by b exhaus exhaustion oxItaustlon oxhaustion ¬
tion through wrong methods tbs s of cltluva cltluvation cJUuva11on clUnvntion
tion tionThe
The former process h 1uI gone con fur Thou Thousands Thousanda Thousands ¬
sands of acres in the Sact it and S6uth Southhave S6uthhave S6Uthhave
have bien made made unfit far tttiafe tltl North NorthCarolina North NorthCaroltna NorthCarohna
Carolina was a a century ago gQ one of the thegreat th thgreat thegreat
great agricultural States of the country countryand CQuntryand countryand
and one of the wealthiest thlt Today TCHl as you youride youride youride
ride through the South you see every everywhere werywhere vverywhere ¬
where land land gullied by torrential rains rainsred rainsred rns rnsred
red and yellow clay banks exposed where whereonce Whereonce whersonce
once were fertile fields lIel 8 and agriculture agriculturereduced agrlculturoredued agriculturereduced
reduced because its main support has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been wasbed away Millions of acres in inplaces inplaeel inpltcee
places to the extent of onetenth o tenth of the theentire theentire theentire
entire arable rbIe area area N have been so injured InJuredtbat 1nureathat j jthat
that no industry and no care can restore TQ6toroem restorethem j jthem
them themFar em emFar Far more rulncy because universal universaland univenand universaland
and continuing C ntlnulng in Its effects ettectsls is the process processof proC65Sor processof
of soil exhaustion It is creeping over the theland thaland theland
land from East to West The Tb abandoned abandonedfarms ab8ndonedtarms abandonedfarms
farms that are now the playthings of the thecitys thecitYs thecltYs
citys rich or the game preserves ef t pa patrons patrol patreris ¬
trons trol l of sport bear witness to the mel melancholy melancholy metancholy ¬
ancholy change chaD chne New Ne Hampshire Ver Vermont VermODt Vermont ¬
mont Northern New York show long longlists long11lts longlIsts
lists of o them In Western Massachusetts Massachusettswhioh Massachusettswhich Massachusettswhich
which one supported a flourishing 1tour1s lng agri agriculture agriculture agriculture ¬
culture farm properties are now for sale salefor saletor salefor
for half the cost of the Improvements ImprovementsPro ImprovementsProto improvementsPrqf
Pro Proto Carver of Harvard has declared declaredafter dtelred8ter declaredafter
after a personal examination of the coun country country country ¬
try that agriculture as an independent independentindustry independent1ndustry independentIndustry
industry able in itself to support 8 com community communit cornniunity ¬
munity munit does not exist st in the hilly parts partsof partsof partsof
of New England EnglandThe EnglandThe EnglandThe
The wune ame process of deterioration is isaffecting isarrecUn Isaffecting
affecting arrecUn the farm lands of Western New NewYork NewY NewYork
York Y orlt Ohio and Indiana Where prices pricesof priCMt pricesof
of t farms should rise by y increase of pop population popul populntlon ¬
ulation ul Hon In many places they are falling fallingBetween flUngBetween saIlIngBetween
Between 1810 1 ig and 1906 the land values of ofOhio orDhlo ofOhio
Ohio shrank IOKOOO W toO800 0eoo Official Investi Investigation Investigation Investigation ¬
gation of two counties in Central Centr l New NewYork NewI NewYork
I York disclosed dl cloeed e condition of agricultural agriculturaldecay agrlcultur81decay agriculturaldecay
decay In one land was for sale for about aboutthe aboutthe shoutthe
the cost t of improvements and 110 fO vacant vacanthouses vaC8ftthouses vacanthouses
houses were counted in a a limited area areaIn arMIn areaIn
In the other the population in 198S 1 1O was wasnearly wasnearly wasnearly
nearly 4000 tees than in 1SSS 1SSSPractically 1uPracUclly l lPractically
Practically Identical soil conditions ex exist exIst axbit ¬
ist in Maryland and Virginia where lands landssell lendlsdl landsstli
sell at from 11 M to 18 an acre acreUnder acreUnlor acreUnder
Under Cultivation CultivationWithin CulthatfonwiUain CultivationtTjthjfl
Within the last forty fort years s a f eat eatpart greatpart eat eatpart
part of the richest land in the country countryhas CltUfttryhu countrylas
has been brought under cultivation We Weshould Weshould Weshould
should therefore in the same me e time timehave tlmehave timehave
have raised proportionately the tlte3tekI yield of ofour ofour ofour
our our principal crops per acre atte because the theyield theYield theyield
yield of old lands landE If properly treated treatedtends trMtedtenda treatedtends
tends to increase Incre rather than diminish diminishThe diminishThe dtmhtlshThe
The year 1906 190 was one of large crops cropsand cropsand cropsand
and can scarcely be taken as 8 standard standardWe standardWe standardWe
We produced for example more corn cornthat corntht cornthat
that y year ar than had ever everbein been grown in inthe Inthe Inthe
the United States In a single year year before beforeBut b bfereBut re reBut
But the average avera yield per tMr acre acr was wasl8H wasl8Hthttn less lessthan leesthan
than it was in H72 We are barely keep keeping keepIn keepIng ¬
ing In the acre product stationary The Theaverage TIlea Theaverage
average a wheat crop of tb the country now nowranges nowranges nowranges
ranges from 13 L9Iir in ordinary years to II IIbushels 15buhels Iibushels
bushels per acre in the best seasons SOIUii And Andso Andso
so it is on down the line lineBut lineBut lineBut
But the fact of soil waste becomes becomesstarting beeomestartln hecoineestartingly
starting tartln ly y evident when we examine the therecord therecord therecord
record of some 8 States where single crop cropping cropping cropping
ping and other agricultural abuses have havebeen hvebeen havebeen
been prevalent Take the case of wheat wheatthe wheattbe wheatthe
the mainstay of singlecrop abuse Many Manyof Manyof any anyot
of us can remember when New York was wasthe wasthe wasthe
the great wheatproducing State of the theUnion theenton theUnion
Union The average yield of wheat per peracre peraere peracre
acre in New York for the last ten years yearswaji yearswas
was 1 about 18 t bushels For the last five fiveyears fiveyears fiveyears
years of that tenyear period it was 184 184bushels 124bUlheb 184bushels
bushels and for the last five 174 bushels bushelsIn bushelsIn bushelsIn
In the farther West Weat Kansas takes high highrank hlshrank highrank
rank as a wheat producer Its average averageyield averageyield averageyield
yield per acre for the last ten te years was was14lt was141C
14lt bushels bush For the first five of those thoseyears thoseyears thoseyears
years It was 1514 and for f r the last live
1318 Up in the Northwest Minnesota Minnesotawheat Minnesotawheat ot otwheat
wheat has made a name all over the theworld theworld theworld
world Her average aV lage yield per acre for forthe forthe forthe
the same ten years was UN bushels bushelsFor bU8heJsFor bushelsFor
For the first live years Un it was 1312 and andfor Andtor andror
for the last five 12S We perceive here herethe herethe borethe
the working work haG of a uniform law independ independent independent Independant ¬
ent of location soil or climate It is the thelaw thelaw thelaw
law of a diminishing return due to soil soildestruction soildestruction softdestruction
destruction Apply this to the country at atlarge atla atlarge
large la e and It reduces e8 agriculture to the thecondition thecondition thecondition
condition of a bank whose depositors are aresteadily aresteadily aresteadily
steadily drawing out more money than thanthey thanthey thanthey
they put in inWhen inWhen InWhen
When the most fertile land in In the theworld theworld theworld
world produces so much less than that thatof thatof thatof
of poorer quality elsewhere and this low lowyield Jowyield lowyield
yield shows a tendency tend nDY to steady decline declinethe declinethe declinethe
the situation becomes clear We are rob robbing robbing robbing ¬
bing the soil In an effort to get the thelargest thelargest thelargest
largest cash returns from each acre of ofground ofground ofground
ground in the shortest possible I time and andwith And11th andwith
with the least possible po labor This soilIs soil soilIs
Is not mere dead matter subject to any anysort anysort anysort
sort of treatment with impunity impunityThe ImpunityThe ImpunityThe
The two remedies are as well wUaccer wUaccertalDed ascer ascertained ascertamed ¬
tamed as is the evil Rotation of crops cropsand cropsaftd cropsand
and the use u of fertilizers fertilize act as tonics tonicsupon tonicsupon tonicsupon
upon the soil We W might expand and our ourresources ourresources ourresources
resources and add billions of dollars to tooui t tOU1 toour
our nation national wealth by conserving coM rvJng soil soilresources solirelOurclf soilreeource
resources Instead of exhausting them as aswe aswe aswe
we have the forests fore t8 and the contents of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the mines For there is good authority authorityfor authorityfor authorityfor
for the assertion a that the farmer could couldtake couldtake couldtake
take from the same area of ground In Infour Infour Infour
four years grain crops out of a total of ofseven otseven ofseven
seven years as much as the t t whole seven sevennow Bevennow sevennow
now give him leaving the products of the theother tbeother theother
other three years when the t e land rested restedfrom rllteJIfrom restedfrom
from grain as a cleaj cleJ doe profit due to better bettermethods bettermeth04s bettermethods
methods methodsHe meth04sHe methodsHe
He can do far more than that by Join Joining joIning joinIng ¬
ing stock raising with grain raising Na Nature Nature Nature ¬
ture hat h provided the cattle to go with withthe withthe withthe
the land There Thr is a as much Wuu money in inlive InUv InlIve
live Uv stock as there is In grain Looked Lookedat
at in any way there is money in live livestock livestock livestock
stock money for dairy products money
for beef money for the annual Increase Increaseand Increasand increaseand
and most money of all for the next n xt yaarjs yaarjscrop Y08rscrop yoracrop
crop when every particle of manure Is Issaved 1 1lived Issaved
saved and applied to the land landCover laRdCOer landCover
Cover Less Ground Gronnclw GrannllnlJQd
w nwd not consider at present really reallyye real1yve reallyye
ye farming such as Is done by bygardeners bygardeners bygardeners
gardeners with With high profit or orllfcjrs orJlWrt orlitiirj
llfcjrs as In France In Holland in 11t ins
i t s and in the be Island of Jersey pro pronjnanclal vrot profloanclal
njnanclal t returns per acre that seem seembayonfl sombeyond m mbOnd
bOnd belief What our people peoplexi peopledoi
xi do doi is to to cover coverless ver less ground cults cultsHREPROQF cultlt cultlFIREPROOF cultiFIREPROOF
t
FIREPROOF STORAGE STORAGESeparate STORAGESeparat STORAGE9I
9I Separate locked JOCk d rooms roomsfrom roonutrom roomsfrom
from fl 2 month up Ex Expert E3pert Experthandlers ¬
pert perthandlers handlers Estimated EatlrultC2urnlshed Estiwstcschants
rurnishedchants rurnished urnlshedhants
chants Transfer ls Storage Stora Co CoSTREET
fi l STREET PH089 P1O H M Mi 1 65
i L 2 J < >
vate smaller sm stn5ii t r terms so as to make the themost themost themost
most of them instead of getting a a scant scantand Boantnnd soatand
and uncertain yield from several hundred hundredacres hundedacres hundredacres
acres and raise productively by intent Intelligent intentgent Intelgent ¬
gent treatment treotm nt to twice or three thr e times its itspresent Itspresent Itspresent
present level levelNot levolNot levelNot
Not only on1ythe the economic but the political politicalfuture polltlcatfuture politicalfuture
future la fsnvolxcd involved No people ever felt feltthe feltthe feltthe
the want wanta of work or r the pinch of poverty povertyfor povertyfor poverWfor
for a long time without reaching reac lng out via violent vlolent vialent ¬
lent hands hllt1 s against their political poU aal Insti Institutions Institutions lnstltutlons ¬
tutions believing that they might find findIn findIn findin
In a change some relief from their dis distress dlsttoss distoss ¬
tress toss Although there have been moments momentsof momentssuell momentsOf
of such restlessness restless s In our country the thetrial thetrial thetrial
trial has never been so severe or so soprolonged soprolonged soprolonged
prolonged as to put us to the test It is isinteresting IsInteresUng Isinteresting
interesting that one of the nblest men in inEngland inEngland InEngland
England during the last century a his historian his historian historlan ¬
torian of high merit meritn a statesman who whosaw wpo wposaw wosaw
saw active service and a profound stu student student student ¬
dent of men and things put on record recordhis T recordhis ord ordhIs
his prophecy pro hecy of such a future ordeal ordealWriting ordealWriting ordealWriting
Writing to an American correspondent correspondentfifty correspondentftft correspondentfifty
fifty years ears ago Lord Macaulay M CQulay used these thesewords thesewords thesewords
words As long as you have a boundless boundlessextent boundlossextent boundlessextent
extent of fertile and unoccupied land your yourlaboring yourlaboring yourlaboring
laboring population will be found more at atease atKse atease
ease than the laboring population of the theOld theOld theOld
Old World but the th Hmo will come when whenwages whenwages whenwages
wages will be as low and will fluctuate fluctuatea
a u much with you oU as they do with us usThen usThen usThen
Then your institutions will be brought broughtto
to the test Distress everywhere makes makesthe makesthe makesthe
the laborer mutinous and discontented discontentedand dIscontentedand dIscontentedand
and Inclines him to listen with eagerness eagernessto
to agitators who tell him that it Is a amonstrous amonstrous amonstrous
monstrous Iniquity that one man should shouldhave shouldhave shouldhave
have a million and another cannot get geta geta geta
a full meal raoaLThe moalTho mealThe
The day will come when the multitudes multitudesof multltu os osof
of people none no no of whom has had more morethan morethan morethan
than half a breakfast or expects to have havemore havemore havemore
more than halt a dinner will choose a alegislature ale alegislature
legislature le sl ture Is It possible to doubt what whatsort what80rt whatsort
sort of legislature will be chosen chosenThere chosenTbere chosenThere
There will be I fear spoliation The Thespoliation Thespoliation Thespoliation
spoliation will Increase the distress the thedistress thedistress thedistress
distress will produce fresh fr sh spoliation spoliationEither spoliationEither apoliationEither
Either civilization or liberty will perish perishEither perIhEither perishEither
Either some Caesar or Napoleon will seize seizethe seizethe seizethe
the reins of government with a strong
hand or your republic will bo as fear fearfully tearfully fearfully ¬
fully plundered and laid waste by bar barbarians barbarians barbanana ¬
barians In the twentieth century as the theRoman theRoman theRoman
Roman empire In the fifth fifthState fifthState fifthState
State and nation are represented here herewithout herewithout herewithout
without JSalousy or any ambition of su superiority superiority superlority ¬
periority on either side to apply to the theconsideration theconlldaratton theconsideration
consideration of our future such cooper cooperation oooperaUem cooperatlan ¬
ation as that out of which this nation was
born and by which it has won to worthy
manhood Reviving the spirit of the days
that created our Constitution the days
that carried us through civil conflict the thespirit thespirit thespirit
spirit by which all our enduring work in inthe
the world has been wrought taking
thought aa Washington and Lincoln took tookthought tookthought tookthought
thought only for the highest good of all
the people we may as a a result of the
deliberations held and the the conclusions conclusionsreached conclusionsreaehed conclusionsreaehod
reached hero today give new meaning
to our future new luster to the Ideal of ofa ora ofa
a republic of living federated States Statesshape Statesshave Statesshape
shape anew the fortunes of this country countrvand countryand
and enlarge the borders of hope for aH aHmankind aUmankind allmankInd
mankind mankind3Ir mankindJIr
3Ir lr Cliambcrllns Address AddreiThomas AddreuThom AddressThomas
Thomas Thom s Crowder Chamberlin presi president presldent prestdent ¬
dent of the American Assoc1aton of Ad Advanced Advanoed Admaced ¬
vanced Science and head of the th depart department department departmeat ¬
ment of geology of the University of Chi Chicago Chicago Chicage ¬
cago then spoke on Soil wastage He Hesaid Hesaki Hesaid
said saki in part partLet 8rtuLet partLet
uLet Let ug turn at once to the th banal fcc ¬
tor In the problem prohl em the th rainfall the soli soliand SIIIand soiland
and soilwastage the special theme of
this hour The rainfall Is an inherited inheritedasset InheritedaHt InheritedaseOt
asset the soil is an Inherited
as asset D asset ¬
set t even a little soil removal is an anasset anMet anasset
asset but reckless soilwastage is a seri serioug son sonOU rl rl0U
oug OU error Soils are the product of the theatmosphere theatmosphore theatmosphere
atmosphere and Its waters modifying U Urock the therock therock
rock surface When the atmospheric atmosphericwaters atnotpbcrlcwaters atmosphericwaters
waters have aided the air In producing producingsoil producingsoil
soil by rock decay they pass on O the one
hand Into tpto plants or back to the surface surfacesoil sU surfa surfasoil faCt
soil and thence through these again to tothe tothe tothe
the atmosphere by evaporation a oration or on
the other hand and they pass vas > on down to the thegroundwaters thegroundwaters thegroundwaters
groundwaters and thence into the thestreams theI thestreams
I streams furnishing in them thE m the basis for forwaterfoods toraterfoods forwaterfoods
waterfoods for power md nd for naviga navigation navigation ¬
i tion Here Is a good daed daedsoU soil produc production prOduc11onfollowed productionfoltowed ¬
tion 11onfollowed followed by a laudable laudf > le course either eitherup eitherup
I up or down with beneficent results In Ineither In6ltJt inelther
either r course The alternative is to rush rushaway rushaway
i away as foul erosive ero lve floods on the sur surface surface ¬
i face wasting astlng soil and plant food gully ¬
ing the surface choking the ravines ravinesflooding ravinesi ravinesflooding
i flooding the valleys va1le silting the pools poolsfilling poolsflUng
i filling the reservoirs sweeping out the thedams thedams
I dams barring the streams and clogging
the deltas If It shall be found that all 11 or ornearly orneerlY ornearly
nearly all the waters should go Into the thesoil thesoil thesoil
soil and thence into the underdralnage underdralnagejOomlng undardrolnagecoming underdralnagecoming
jOomlng coming out slowly and steadily by seep seepage seepage seepage ¬
age and by springs into nto the streams stroan clear clearand clearSOd
and pure these streams should present presentnearly pr presentnearly Sent Sentnearly
I nearly Ideal conditions for waterfood for forwaterpower torwaterpower forwaterpower
waterpower and for waternavigation waternavigationThe
The solution of the soil problem may maytherefore maytherefore maytherefore
therefore be In large part the solution solutionof s solutionof lutlon lutlonof
of th the whole complex problems of which whichnavigation whichnavIgation whichnavigation
navigation Is the last term It may thus thuspreve thusprove thusprove
prove to bo the key to the problem problemHow problemHoW problemHow
How i i this control to be affected As Asa Asa Asa
a geologist I naturally turn first to na natures natures tictures ¬
tures timetested processes Nature has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been working on this complex problem of ofbalance ofbalance ofbalance
balance between soil formation soil soliwaste soUwaste soilwaste
waste surface slope plant growth and andstream andstream andstream
stream development for millions of years yearsand yearsand yearsand
and we have inherited the result result a a mag magnificent magnificent magnificent ¬
nificent Inheritance The larger part of ofour otour ofour
our domain when Invaded by us had hadreaohed hadreaohed hadreached
reaohed a fair adjustment of shopes to toprecipitation toprecipitation toprecipitation
precipitation was covered with a soil soilmantle soilmantle Soilmantle
mantle of fair depth and high average averagefertility averagefertility averagefertility
fertility and was clothed with rich veg vegetation Yegetatlon vogetation ¬
etation There were exceptions to this thjaand thisand thisand
and some of these were large but limi limitations limItatIons limitations ¬
tations of time shut out such exceptions exceptionshere exceptionshere exceptionshere
here
Address hy Mr Long LongHe LongHe LongHe
He was follewed by R R A A Long of ofKansas ofansas ofKansas
Kansas ansas City Mo who spoke on For Forest Forest Foreat ¬
est conservation in part as follows followsI
I want to lay down the fact that aside asidefrom asidefrom asidefrom
from our soil no ether natural resource resourcecompares resourcecompares resourcecompares
compares with our forests The hives hivesand 1 lctvesand Jves Jvesand
and barks of trees are converted into intoclothing Intoclothing intoclothing
clothing the nuts and fruits furnish sus sustenance sustenance enstenance ¬
tenance and the wood provides homes homesfurniture homesfurniture homesfurniturc
furniture and other essentials The ties tiessupporting tiessupporting tiessupporting
supporting the great railway systems of ofthis ofthis ofthis
this country and nearly all the buildings buildingsconnected bUildingsconnected buildingsconnected
connected with It are constructed from it itThe ItTho itThe
The government only owning about 22 22per 22p 2 2pen
per p r cent of our forest area nre cannot alone aloneto aloneto aloneto
to any great degree effect what we are areseeking arcseeking areseeking
seeking in this conference so far as asforests asforests asforests
forests are concerned con erned It might how however however however ¬
ever accomplish the purpose In one ne of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the following ways waysFirst waysFIrstThe waysFirstThe
First FIrstThe The government could by a acontractual acontractual acontractual
contractual relation with the owners of ofthe otthe ofthe
the forests where lumbering operations operationsare
are now being carried on who consti constitute constitute constitute ¬
tute at least SO per cent of the timber timberholdings timberholdings timberholdings
holdings of the United States provide providethat providethat providethat
that conservation and reforestation reforestationshould reforestationshould reforestationshould
should be practiced under rules pre prescribed preICribed presevibed ¬
scribed by the Forest Service and assess assessthe as assessthe ess esstho
the cost thereof against the timber lands landsproportionately landsproportionately landsproportionately
proportionately These rules should pro provide provIde provide ¬
vide that the lumbering operations so sofar sofar sofar
far as conservation and reforestation reforestationwere reforestationwere reforestationwere
were concerned should be conducted un under unlor under ¬
der < governmental control that no more moretimber mtetimber meretimber
timber should be cut than was as necessary necessaryto eesMry eesMryto
to supply the current demands thus thusmaintaining thusmaIntaining thusmaintaining
maintaining such uniformity of prices prJc s as aswould aswould aswould
would Justify the operator to utilize every
log the tree would produce that only onlytrees onlytrees onlytrees
trees of a certain certsI size should be cut cutthat cutthat cutthat
that seed trees trCsproperly properly distributed distributedshould dlstrlbutd8hould distributedshould
should be left that the young growth growthshould growthshould growthshould
should be protected from fires and other otherelements otherel otherelements
elements el mants of destruction and It would wouldaem woulds wouldseem
seem s em clear that the t e establishment of such sucha
a relationship would certainly accom accomplish accomplish accornpUsh ¬
plish thlsjjjghly this iighly desired d lred object objectSecond objeotSecondA objectSecondit
Second SecondA A plan might be worked out outjointly outjointly outjointly
jointly between the owners of the 11mb timber timberlands timberlands r rlands
lands and the government by which whichconservation whichconsorvatIon whichconsarvatio
conservation and nd reforestation retor statl n would be bepracticed bepracticed bepractked
practiced along such lines as the govern government governmlnt government ¬
ment might lay down as outlined above aboveand aboveand aboveand
and the timber owners be protected In the theprices th thprIces theprices
prices of all lands cut over and handled handledunder handledunder handledunder
under the conditions prescribed What Whatever Whatever Whatever ¬
ever plan is adopted must furnish an a in incentive Incbntive IncOntive ¬
centive a substantial Inducement to t the thetimber thetimber thetunber
timber owner to forego rego a present pre ent gain
=
Ifor for the public good QOd and in this mutter mutterlit mutterit r rIt
lit It can only be b accomplished Itccompll hed by govern governmental gov governmental rn rnD1
mental D1 ntal cooperation And what is done donasnould done5110uld doneshould
should be done quickly S ts a the time tlm is isifast Isfl1st isfast
fast approaching when our our forests will willfct willso willso
fct so nearly gone It will be too late latej lat latA lateA
j A General Discussion DiscussionAt DlllentonAt
At the closing of Mr Longs address addressthere addressthere addressthere
there there was a general discussion of the thetopics thetopics thethpics
topics In which practically all present presentparticipated presentparticipated presentparticipated
participated This lasted until after noon noonwhen noonwhen noonwhen
when an adjournment was taken t en until
230 oclock In the afternoon afternoonPromptly afternoonPromptly afternoonPromptly
Promptly at the appointed appolnt d hour Presi President Presldent Presdent ¬
dent Roosevelt preceded by his military militaryaid militaryld militaryaid
aid ld Capt McCoy entered the room and andcalled andcaUed andcalled
called the afternoon session a sslon t 16 order He Heithen Hethen Hethen
then announced that Gov Deneen of ofi oflUnols ofII1tnoi
i Illinois would preside during the after afternoon nIternoon afternoon
noon nooni noonAt noonAt
i At this juncture ju oture It was announced that thatI thatGov thatGov
I Gov Fort pf New Jersey had received receivedIntelligence receIvedin receivedintelilgance
Intelligence in teUlgonce which required requlrcdnlf5 ale presence presenceIn
In Trenton immediately immediately and he h asked askedthat askedthat askedthat
that the speech which he Intended to de deliver de de1Ier dcliver ¬
liver be incorporated In the proceedings proceedingsof
of the conference This was done doneHon doneHon tioncHon
Hon William Jennings Bryan then thenmoved thenmoved thenmoved
moved that all governors and Invited Invitedguests InvitedGuests invitedguests
guests who for some unavoidable reason reasonwere reMonwere reasonwere
were unable to deliver their speeches as asscheduled a acheduled asscheduled
scheduled should submit them It bawr1f bawr1fIng its writ writing writIng
ing and that they be embodied In the theproceedings theproc theproceedings
proceedings proc dlngs The motion was carried carriedThe carriedThe carriedThe
The President PrelJ ent then brought out the thefirst tbefirst thefirst
first laugh and also showed how a U good goodchairman goodchairman goodchairman
chairman can handle things to his own ownliking OW OWliking ownliking
liking Mr Long of Kansas moved that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the ruling limiting the discussion speeches speechestd
td twenty minutes bo eliminated eliminatedThis olImlnatedThis eliminatedThis
This ruling wag made by the resldent Presidentjon resldenton
jon on Wednesday at the opening session In Inorder Inorder inorder
order ts t expedite matters and when ho hoj bosaw hesaw
j saw Mr M Long was endeavoring to upset upsetIt upsetIt upsetIt
It he disposed of the matter with a bland blanfljsmil blan blansmll blandemil
jsmil emil and the remark The Chair Ch fr hears hearsno hearsno hearsno
no second secondThe secondThe secondThe
The ruling brought prolonged laughter laughterPordec laughterPardee laughterPardee
Pardee on O California CaliforniaExGov OallfornlaExGov CaliforniaExGov
ExGov Pardee of California was thenoall then thencalled thencalled
called oall d on and spoke on Californias rivers riversand riversand riversand
and forests He said In part partIn partIn partIn
In Northern California the stream and andforest Mdforet andforest
forest problems consist entirely or prac practically practIcally practically ¬
tically so In protection preservation and andconservation a ldconservation andconsarvation
conservation Upon the solving of these theseproblems theseproblems theseproblems
problems depend the following most Im Important Important Importent ¬
portant matters for the future of the theState theState theState
State StateL
L Electric power
2 Irrigation
3 Navigation of the rivers
4 4 Reclamation of swamp 6 amp and over overflowed overflowod overflowed ¬
flowed river lands landsi
5 Lumber and timber timberThe UmberThe timberThe
The streams from which power may mayjbe maybe maybe
jbe be obtained have been within the last lastI lastfew lastfew
I few years 8ars filed upon in such numbers numbersunder numbersunder numbersunder
under the lax laws of California and the theUnited theUn theUnited
United Un It 00 States that the fear is expressed expressedIn
In many directions that tho power has hasbeen hpgbeen hesbeen
been already pretty well taken up upThe upThe upThe
The action of the United States gov government government government ¬
ernment however in regulating the use useof useof useof
of these streams ought to prevent an ab absolute absolute absolute
solute and oppressive monopolization of ofthem otthem ofthem
them themIrrigation themIrrigation themIrrigation
Irrigation Is necessary to enable the theSacramento theSacramento theSacramento
Sacramento and San Sa Joaquin valleys to tobecome tobecome tobecome
become thickly settled and properly util utilized uUlIzed utilized ¬
ized Under natural conditions this thiswhole thIswholo thiswhole
whole stretch of o C country was given over overin overIn overIa
in the northern and central parts to tograin tograin tograin
grain farming in the southern part to tosheep tcsheep tosbep
sheep and cattle ranges Because of the theuncertainty th thuncertainty theuncertainty
uncertainty of sufficient rainfall grain grainfarming gratnfarming grainfarming
farming vises wt carried on in groat holdings holdingsreaching holdingsreaching holdingsreaching
reaching as high as 50600 5O acres The re result re result resuit ¬
sult was a very ver sjwse population In the thenorthern thenorthern thenorthern
northern and centrU centr 1 parts of the valley valleywhile valleywhtle valleywhile
while in the southern south em part the population populationwas
was still It 111 scantier scantierIrrigated sentlerIrrlgat scantierIrritated
Irrigated Irrlgat d and Intensively tnt nslvely cultivated cultivatedthe cu1tlvtMthe cultivaledthe
the 16060000 acres of Sacramento and andSan andSan andSan
San Joaquin valley vaue lands will be easily easilyworth Cqstlyworth ezilyworth
worth 5150 150 per p r acre a total value alue of ofIn of15eoOooxi
1510000800 1510000800In 15eoOooxiIn
In order that these stroams may be bemade bemade bemade
made to yield as great a lowwater sup supply supply supply ¬
ply as possible the th President has very verywisely veryWisely ery erywisely
wisely made national forest fOr t reserves reservesalong reservesalong reservesalong
along their headwaters Those reserves reserveseleven reserveseleven reserveseleven
eleven in number lying along the th crests crestsand crestsand crestsand
and higher slopes of the Sierras cover coveran coveran coveran
an area of about 15000000 acres nearly nearlyonesixth nearlyone nearlyonesixth
onesixth one sixth of the whole State and guar guarantee guarantee guarantee ¬
antee the preservation of a large larg part of ofthe otthe ofthe
the Sierra forests They will also go far fartoward tartoward fartoward
toward conserving the waters of the themountain themountain themountain
mountain streams for power pow r and irriga irrigation Irrlgetlon Irnigation ¬
tion purposes purposesThe purposesThe purposesThe
The United States Reclamation Service Servicehas Servicehas Servicehas
has given considerable attention to the thematter themattor thematter
matter of reservoirs for the purpose of ofimpounding ofimpounding ofimpounding
impounding the floodwaters of the va various varlous various ¬
rious streams streamsIt
It is estimated that two acrefeet acre teet of ofwater otwater ofwater
water per annum are amply sufficient to toIrrigate toIrrigate toirrigate
Irrigate the lands in the Sacramento and andSan andSan andSan
San Joaquin valleys valleysIt vaUeaIt
It is estimated that the reclaiming of ofthe otthe ofthe
the 900000 acres of unreclaimed swamp swampand swampand swampand
and overflowed lands will enhance them themin themIn themIn
in value from the 10 10 per acre they are arenow arenow arenow
now worth orth to at least S1 150 O per acre and andwill andwtll andwill
will also increase the value alue of the lands landswhioh landswhloh landswhloh
whloh are already reclaimed but which whichare whichare whichare
are now annually threatened with over overflow onrflow overhow ¬
flow how
flowThe
The pine lands of California especial especially especially esPecIally ¬
ly those of the northern part p rt suffered sufferedgreatly sutteredgreatly sufferedgreatly
greatly before the establishment of the theforest theforst theforest
forest reserve policy from the depreda depredations depredations depredations ¬
tions of sheep and cattle cattleFrom cattIeFrom cattleFrom
From this necessarily hasty and In Incomplete incomplete Incomplete ¬
complete survey of Californias river and andforest andforest andforest
forest resources rsourC S It Is apparent that thatwhile thatwhile that thatwhile
while Because because the State is new and but butthinly butthinly butthinly
thinly populated populatedhaving having only 2000000 2000000people 2000000people 2000000people
people on 100000000 acres of territory territoryher territoryher territoryher
her natural resources have not been as asin isIn asin
in some of the other States nearly If Ifnot ifnot ifnot
not quite annihilated nevertheless her herpeople herpeople herpeople
people have made quite extensive inroads inroadsInto inro inroadsinto ds dsInto
Into her forests forestsTaken forestsTaken forestsTaken
Taken Suddenly 111 HIH 111H 111H
H A A Jastro was then called but as he hehad hehad hehad
had been taken suddenly ill William C CBarnes CBarnes CBarnes
Barnes of California read Mr Jastros Jastrospaper Jastrospap Jastrospaper
paper pap r which was devoted to grazing and andstock andstock andstock
stock raising While he took up the gen general gen general ge geeral ¬
eral grazing problems of the West he heconfined heconfined hoconfined
confined himself principally to conditions conditionsIn
In New Mexico Arizona and California CaliforniaThere CaliforniaTbere CaliforniaThere
There he said the necessity of conserving conservingthe conservIngUte conservingthe
the water v ater for Its utilization on arid lands landsin landsIn landsin
in that region went hand in hand with withthe withthe withthe
the equally important one of preserving preservingwhat preservingwlat preservingwhat
what is left of the qnce splendid grazing grazinglands grazinglartds grazinglands
lands which the careless prodigality of ofthe otthe ofthe
the early settlers had almost ruined ruinedHe ruinedHe ruinedHe
He went into In o a general history of graz grazing grazIng graslag ¬
ing and stock raising in those t thos ose sections sectionsand sectionsand sectionsand
and closed by citing certain phases or oflegislation orleglslaflon orlegislation
legislation which he advocated as neces necessary necessary necessary ¬
sary to ameliorate certain conditions and andprovide andprovide andprovide
provide others othersFormer othersFormer othersFormer
Former Senator Carey of Wyoming Wyomingthen Womlngthen Wyomingthen
then epoke He prefaced pr faced his remarks by byan byan byen
an anecdote which he h said fit the tl1 pres present present preseat ¬
ent case exactly He said that tha years yearsago yearsaEo yearsao
ago aEo a a farmer In Wyoming was planting plantingapple planUngapple plantingapple
apple trees when his wife said John JohnA JohnA JohnA
A SAFE IN THE TH HOUSE HOUSEaccords HOUSEaccords HOUSEaccords
accords doubtful protection protectionIt pro prQtectiOnIt ectioi1 ectioi1It
It is rather a guide post to tothe tothe tothe
the uptodate burglar burglarAbsolute burg1arAbsolute burglarAbsolute
Absolute protection for foryour forYOtr foryour
your papers papers and jewelry jewelrycosts j jewelrycosts welry welrycosts
costs 5 per year or more moreif moreif moreif
if you rent one of our Safe SafeDeposit SafeDeposit SafeDeposit
Deposit Boxes BpxesInterest BoxesInterest BoxesInterest
Interest Allpwed on Checking
Accounts AccountsAMERICAN AccountsAMERICAN AccountsAMERICAN
AMERICAN AMERICAN SECURITY SECURITYAND SECURITYAND SECURITYAND
AND TRUST COMPANY COMPANYNorthwest
Northwest Corner of ofFifteenth otFifteenth ofFifteenth
Fifteenth and Pennsylvania Ave AveCHARLES AveCHARLES AveCHAirzs
CHARLES J BELL President
>
what do you wantnto want wantt to plant those trees treesfor treesfor treesfor
for they will Wit never never bear In your time timeThe Ume1I Ume1IThe timeThe
The farmer turned turn and an < said When I Icame tcame Icame
came Into this world I found apples I Iam Iam Iam
am fond of apples and please God Godani I Iam Jam
am goln going to leave leaveappl apples for 1 those who whofollow whoto1low whofollow
follow me mel and may be b fond of them themThat themThat t tUThat
UThat That said Mr MrClu Carey Cars Is thohejmote thohejmoteto thoJt the kynote kynoteto YJJote YJJoteto
to this situation situationHe situationHe situationHe
He then spoke of oithe the resource r of o Wyo Wyoming WYQmlng Wy Wyming ¬
ming So far as ascoal coal Is conesrnecl he heBaid hesaid hesaIdit
said saIdit It would IJB bObQst Jbegt b6 t to start sttlrt Its con coneervatlonln canservaU conservat1
eervatlonln servaU nln n ia Wyoming rfght nom That Thatindustry ThatIndustr Thatindustry
industry Industr Is In Its ts infancy and If If taken In Inhand inhand n nhand
hand now much good can be done before beforeit
it is abused abusedHe abusedHe abusedHe
He said water was the most valuable valuableasset valuablesnaset valuableasset
asset In WyomIng and that thatto to conserve conservewater Qonservewater conservewater
water it was necessary necO sary to conserve the theforests tMforests theforests
forests at the head ht ld of the streams as asthey asthey asthey
they acted as watersheds watershedsWork watershedsWork watershedsWork
Work of ftJle the Conference ConferenceJ
J Harlan > I PaPlan3 < atl of the Civic Fed Federation Federation Federation
eration League Lea I spoke briefly on re resources resourccs resources ¬
sources and tire th work of ottho the conference conferenceHa confer confernce confernceHo nce nceHe
Ha was w I followed fonow d by byTosaph Joseph W Fol Folly of ofMissouri o o1I11s50UrJ ofMissouri
Missouri MissouriMr 1I11s50UrJMr MissouriMr
Mr Folk said It was the duty of o the theFederal theFedera1 theFederal
Federal government gOv rnm nt to care re for tOt the fereat fereatwaterways kfest kfestwaterways ireatwaterways
waterways but that If they did not care careto car carto card cardto
to aid In the maintenance maln 1rumce of ofUie the Missouri MissouriIliver MIssQurII MIssQurIRiver Missouriaiver
River and If they ey would give the th State StM of ofMissouri Of OfMissouri ofMissourI
I Missouri the tho right ta tQutUize utilize the power powerwhich powerI powerwhich
which could Couldbe be derived derIV l from fr m it the th State Statewould Statewould Statewould
I
would pay for the Improvements in provements to the theriver theI theriver
river and he believed it would also alsopay pay a arevenue arevenueo arevenue
I revenue revenueo to the government gov rnmont for tho prlvl prlvllege prvtlegc pnivtlege
lege He spoke 8Pokeover over the allotted twenty twentyminutes twentyminutes twentyminutes
minutes but when the ball sounded he heasked he hewked heasked
asked permission to proceedand orles of ofGo otGo ofGo
Go ahead came from every part parf9t pf the theroom theroom theroom
room He announced he would appoint app lnt a aforestry aI aforestry
forestry commission oommis lon and do all In inpower his hispower hIs hIspower
I power to conserve the resources r SOJrCes of his hisState hisStlte hisState
State StateAt StlteAt StateAt
At the conclusion of Mr Folks ad addross addlOis addross
dross Charles Osborne was given the thefloor thonoor thefloor
floor and announced the report of the theInland theInland theInland
Inland Waterways Commission bill billGov billGo billGor
Gov Go Brooks rooksr of Wyoming said the peo people peopIe peopie ¬
pIe of the West wer w wr5 r moat anxious to pre preserve preserV proserve ¬
serve serV the forests and advocated the ap appointment ap appOlntm appointment ¬
pointment pOlntm nt of a forestry commission but butsaid butI butuald
said the people p ople of the East should be betaxed betaxed betaxed
I taxed for the forest reservations as well wellas wenas welias
as the people of the West He said what whatWyoming w1atVyomlng whatWyoming
Wyoming wanted most was settlers settlersGov settlersI settlersGov
I Gov Cutler of Utah said he came camefrom camefrom camefrom
from what was termed the wild and andwoolly andi andwoolly
i woolly west and that while It was not notsvlld notlvl1 notyiIfl
lvl1 svlld it was W undoubtedly woolly He con confined conIcfined conflned ¬
Icfined fined his remarks to distinctive problems problemsof probl ml mlI
I of waste and economy In various sections sectionsof
l of his State StateGov StateGov State0ev
Gov Gooding of t Idaho sounded the thekeynote tM6ynote thekeynote
keynote 6ynote of State rights which it seems seemsis seemsIs seemsis
is the th aim of many ef th the governors g vernors to toget tocet toget
get before the conference If possible He Hesaid Hesaid Hesaid
said he was gratified at the spirit shown shownat shownat shownat
at the conference conter nc4 but he thought the thepeople thepeople thepeople
people should have nave a right to insist in Inway a away away
way on the use of these natural re resources resources resources ¬
sources Improving rivers he said should shouldbest shouldbest shouldbest
best b be done by the government goveMm nt but butState butState butState
State resources he s Hid ld would better be beleft beleft beleft
left to the States themselves Idaho he hesaid hesaid hesaid
said had demonstrated d beyond doubt doubtthat doubtthat doubtthat
that the people of a State are beet fitted fittedto fittodto fittedto
to handle their own resources resourcesIdaho resourcesIdaho sourc S SIdaho
Idaho he continued C ntlnued uhas has built the thebiggest thebiggest thebiggest
biggest irrigation canals in the world worldwith worldwith worldwith
with the exception of those erected r ted by bythe bythe bythe
the British government in India and andEgypt andEgypt andEgypt
Egypt and has reclaimed millions of ofacres ofacres ofacres
acres of arid land If Congress grants grantsour grantsour grantsour
our requests we can reclaim reclaimacres 6600000 6600000acres 6000000ncres
acres more and the yield from those thosedesert thosedesert thosedesert
desert acr acres a will be larger than the yield yieldfrom yieldfrom l 1d 1drom
from rom 20003000 00000 acres of any Eastern State StateIf StateIf StateIf
If Und lands are turned over to the State Statewe Statewo Statewe
we can in a short time hav ha have e our flood floodwaters floodwators hoodwators
wators under control To bring about aboutthe aBoutthe aboutthe
the best Interests of conservation is to toInterest toInterest tointerest
Interest the people themselves themselvesThe thmeet thmeetTbe themselvesThe
The Iccbcrs State StateGov ShHeGov StateGo
Gov Go Norris of oMo Moi Moitna na sat Ms State Statewas StateWas Statewas
was Was referred to as the Iceberg Io itaJgSlale itaJgSlalewh State Slatowhere Statewhere
where wh re Icebergs celg coti weather and nd bliz blt bltzarcis bllzzards blizzards ¬
zards were about the th only product This Thisho Tiltsho Thisho
ho said wa was erroneous err r aefUL iwus Taming T1iral r rulng g to the thebig thebig thebig
big maps ma he pointed to Oat p pat at of ofArizona otArizona ofArizona
Arizona ArizonaThose ArizonaThose ArizonaThose
Those green dots there he said rep represent represent represent ¬
resent 2ew6 2011O acres of timber U land but tatI butI butI
I would not Me ee one of U them em removed removedWe removedWe removedWe
We dont want the lumber but w we want wintttoa wantUre wantthu
ttoa trees to act as watersheds tersbeds for water waterIs wftterIs wareris
Is needed in Montana MontanaOur MontanaOur MontanaOur
Our soil s ll is fertile and on a dry parch prelied pareied parched
ed land our records show we have raised raisedsixty dslxt ra1sdsixty
sixty slxt bushels of wheat to the acre With WithIrrigation WltbIrrIgaton Withirrigation
Irrigation we can raise from 100 1 to 121 121bushels 1 1bushels 1Ibushels
bushels to the acre acreHe acreHe acreHe
He also announced his Intention of ap appointing appOinting appointing ¬
pointing a forestry commission on his re return 1 1turn return ¬
turn home and taking such other action actionas aeUoftas actionas
as he deemed would carry out the th ideas ideassuggested IdtAssuggested ideassuggested
suggested at the conference conferenceHo contereaceHo conferenceHo
Ho objected to the levying of taxes on onone onone onone
one State for forest reservation re when all allthe aUthe allthe
the States shared shllr el l in the benefits and andthought andthought andthought
thought all should be taxed alike alikeDr alikepro alikeDr
Dr pro Edmund J James Jm of the University Universityof
of Illinois then spoke pok He H said the theacademic theaC8dtmlc theacademic
academic class was highly pleased with withthe withthe withthe
the conference C nfer nce as it had brought into intopractice Intopractice Intopractice
practice theories which the college men menhad menhad menhad
had been urging for or years yersconservatlon yersconservatlonof conservation conservationof
of resources He said resources must be bepreserved bepreserved bepreserved
preserved He took issue with a state statement statement statemeat ¬
ment made in the morning to the effect effectthat effectthat effectthat
that natural resources could not be b In Increased Increased Increased ¬
creased creasedThey creasedThey creasedThey
They can be Increased he said If Ifby Ifby Ifby
by applying natural conditions intelli intelligently intelligently intolligently ¬
gently a farmer can make the yield Ield of ofthe otthe ofthe
the same plot of ground larger each suc succeeding succeedlng sueceeding ¬
ceeding year the then we are adding to our ournatural ournatural ournatural
natural resources resourcesJames resourcesJam s sJames
James Jam s H Garfield Socretary of tho In Interior Interior Intenor ¬
terior said It was clear the time had hadcomo hadcome hadcome
come for the preservation and conserva conservation oonservatlon conservation ¬
tion of that which has been left to us usand usand usand
and States and nation are vitally con concerned concerned concorned ¬
cerned The lines are wiped out he hesaid hesaid hesaid
said This does not mean that the theStates theStates theStates
States are losing anything or being tram trampled trampled trampled ¬
pled on but the resources must be con considered COnsldered considered ¬
sidered for the use of all a and no one oneState oneState oneState
State owns them all allHe allHe
He said the ideal law had not been beenpassed beenpassed beenpassed
passed so far but that there wore W 1e hopes hoposHe hopGSHe hopesHe
He then took up the statement of several severalgovernors severalgovernors severalgovernors
governors that It was unjust to tax the thepeople thepeople thepeople
people of one State for the timber reser reservation reservation reservatlon ¬
vation vationWhy vationWh vatlonWhy
Why Wh should they not be taxed con continued continued continned ¬
tinued Mr Garfield when they are using usingIt usingIt usingit
It for their th lr own private Interests InterestsThe InterestsThe interestsThe
The cheering which followed this asser assertion usertion asserlion ¬
tion continued for several minutes minutesThe minutesThe minutesThe
The Natural Resources ResourcesThe Res ResOurceSThe uree ureeThe
The people as a whole own the nat natural natural natural ¬
ural resources sources he said and It is for forthem forthem forthem
them to determine whethtr they are to be beused beused beused
used for the benefit b neftt of all or for the one onewho onewho onewho
who first gets a foothold I live In Ohio Ohioyet Ohioyet Ohioyet
yet we have nothing to say regarding re rdlng the theOhio theOhio theOhio
Ohio River or Lake Erie for they be belong belong belong ¬
long to our sister States as well wellHe wellHe wellHe
He said the government had grown and andthat andth andthat
that th t if the States belIeved it was over overreaching overreaching overreaching ¬
reaching itself they could object Ho Hocontinued H Hcontlnu Hecontinued
continued contlnu d that the Idea of calling the con conference conference conference ¬
ference was for the purpose of settling settlingthose settlingthose settlingthose
those questions if possible He then thenpledgad thenpledgod thenpledged
pledged the government overnmont ernment to aid the th States StatesIn Smt StatesIn S SIn
In every way possible in all projects on onconservation onconseratlon onconservation
conservation He took up the fuel fuelqu ques question question s sUon ¬
tion and said saidWe saidWe saidWe
We must also In looking Into the thepreservation thepreseNaUon thepresertation
preservation of coal and other resources resourcestake resourcest1ke resourcestake
take steps st ps to prevent them from being beingmonopolized beingmonopolized
1 monopolized by the few fewAs fewAs fewAs
As Mr Garfield took his seat B at at the theend theend theend
end of the platform some one asked him himIf himIt himIf
If it was through State or national lawe lawsthat lawethat lawethat
that these monopolies s had been possible possibleThe postiblThe poribleThe
The Secretary said that while he might mightanswer mightanswer mightanswer
answer he preferred not to as It might in inject inject Inject ¬
ject into the proceedings a note he should shouldnot shouldnot shouldnot
not like to ring in inGov inGov InGov
Gov Sheldon of Nebraska made a few fewremarks fewremarklt fewremarks
remarks Ke was followed by Mr Har Harvey Harvey Harvey ¬
vey of Pennsylvania P president of the thenational thenational thenational
national board of trade trd committee on onforestry onorstry onforestry
forestry and waterways waterwaysHe waterwaaHo waterwaysHe
He took a dig at Speaker Cannon Cannonthe Cannonthe Cannonth
the th House of Representatives s say saY saYHe aayHo sayHo
Ho is a Cannon we would all ilk like iflceto iflcetospiked to tospiked o ospiked
spiked spikedHe spikedHe t tHe
He said it was essential to prot protect protectresources prQteotresources t tresources
resources as their protection was wa
FOR PIMPLES TOG TOGNerr IOaNew 10ffNew
New Discovery DlicoverrCure Curc Eczema andBradl andBradlyrnles and andrud1eatesMinor nuU nuUcatea
yrnles eatesMinor Minor l1nolSkJn Skin kInToub1es Troubles TtoubIesOvernlght TtoubIesOvernlghtA Overnight OvernightA Overnightfew
A few months ago the th dispensers dispenserso dispensersovoslam of ofposlam o oposlam
poslam the n JiW tew w discovery for the cure cureof cureof cureof
of eczema cz mn decided to allow the druggists druggistsof druggistsot
of the th country coun trY to handle Lt Previous to tothat tothat tothat
that time it could u14 only 1 11e > e obtained obt h1ed direct directtrom directfrom j jfrom
from the laboratories JaloratQrlesSince laboratoriesSince j jSince
Since this change in the t e method of dis distribution diStributIon distribution
tribution poslam has met with the t1 most mostphenomenal mostphenomenal mostphenomenaj
phenomenal success of anything Intro Introduced L1troQueed introfipeeci ¬
duced to the drug trade in the last 111S thirty thirtyyears thirtyyears thirtyyears
years All leading druggists including includingOgrams IncludingOgrams includingOgrams
Ograms and ODonnells In Washington Washingtonare
are now carrying C rrylng the special EOcent size sizerecently sizerecently sizerecently
recently adopted also al o tho J2 g jar jarThis JarThis jarThis
This great eat success au coss Is not surprising surprisingwhen surprIsingwhenit surprisingwhen
when whenit it is 1 remembered that in eczema eczemacases ccze eczemacases a ao
cases o poslam p slam stops tops thfe Itching with first firstapplication tlmtappUcat1on firstapplication
application proceeds to heal Immediately Immediatelyand ImmediatelYand immediatelyand
and cures flhronjc f1hr nJ nia cases s in a few weeks weeksin Weeksn weeksIn
in n minor skin troubles such as pimples pimplesblackheads pimpleslackhea pImplesblackheads
blackheads lackhea 8 acne herpes h rpos blotches rash rashe rashc
e c results t show after an overnight ap application at atpllCI ai aiplicatlon ¬
plication pllCI Uon Experimental sample of pos poslam poslam poslam ¬
lam are sent to any one Un by b mail free of offlharge ofaharge ofcharge
charge by the Emergency Laboratories 32 33West 32W 32Wat
West W st Twentyfifth street stre t New 1jcw ew York CJty CJtyonly CJtyonly Cityonly
only sure protection for the American Americanlaboring AmerIcanInborlng Americanlaboring
laboring class cl s He spoke of the under underselling underslUng underselling ¬
selling of government timber lands and andof andOf andOf
of the reforesting in Pennsylvania and andthe andthe andthe
the openar open ar treatment for tuberculosis tuberculosiswhich tuberculosiswhIch
which forests made Jrnld poseible poseibleAgrrlcnltnral I posbleAgriculturaL oSflible oSflibleAgrIcultural lt51
AgrIcultural education educationA I
A representative renro5cmt tv6 of the University of ofNebraska ofNebraska ofNebraska
Nebraska advocated an agricultural edu education educaflon educaIon ¬
cation as one move toward conservation conservationand consen8Uonand conservatIonand
and said the day was coming when there therewould therewould therewould
would be an educated man on every farm farmGov farmGo farmGo
Gov Go John Burke of North Dakota Dakotaspoke DakotaDoke Dakotaspoke
spoke of the resources of his 1i1 State and andsaid andsaId andsaid
said he thought certain resources i acur8S were werenational w werenational re renlJtlonel
national and others belonged d to the theStates theStates theStates
States and he advocated government governmentcare governmentcaro governmentcare
care for the national ones on and let the theStates theStates theStates
States care or re for theirs He seld his State Statewas Statewan Statewas
was tbf only one In the Union having a aschool 8school aschool
school of forestry and was the best yon ventilated yontIIated vontilated ¬
tilated place In the world having South SouthDakota SouthDakota SouthDakota
Dakota on the south and Gov Johnson Johnsonon
on the east eastMr eastMr eastMr
Mr Jones representing the governor of ofTexas OfTexas ofTexas
Texas addressed a < the gathering sat erlng on the theadvantages theadvantages theadvantages
advantages of the Lone Star State State after afterwhioh alterwhloh afterwhich
which a motion to adjourn carried carriedTha carriedThs carriedTlia
Tha Session 1t8k sion lon this morning will convene conveneat oonveaeat oonveneat
at 11 oclock oclockCONVENTION oclockCONVENTION oclockCON
CONVENTION CON VENTION NOTES NOTESWilliam NOTESWlUSam NOTESWilliam
William Jennings Bryan will deliver an anaddress anaddr8g anaddress
address on forestry and waterway waterwa before beforetha beforetha beforethe
tha conference today aDd it is probable probablethat probablethat probablethat
that standing room will be at a premium premiumas
as every one on wants to hear the silver silvertongued silvertongued slivertongucd
tongued orator oratorGov oratorGov oratorGov
Gov Glanns GlennlliJlMech speech at the morning see session MSslon seesloe ¬
sloe was as of the ringing order without withouttechnical wltboutte withouttechnical
technical te bntcal discussion but a a good deal of offun ottun offun
fun in It It and it captured the audience audienceMr au4tenceMr audienceMr
Mr WWppie o or New York forest foresteommtartoner forestoommlHlonar forestooininiselonsr
eommtartoner of the Empire State wa waanother was wasanotbor wss wssanother
another who met with a warm reception receptionat
at the morning momln session when h he arose aroseto atOMto aroseto
to speak H He told of the work of rotor reforestation retore rotorestation ¬
estation e tatlon la his Stats StatsIn StatIn Stat StatIn
In his speech Gov Glenn had occasion occasionto
to quote exPresident axPresW nt Grover Cleveland Clevelandand CJenlandand Clevelandand
and mention of his name brought cheers cheersand chMrsand cheersand
and applause zppla from nearly every one onepresent OMprttHDt onepresent
present presentTh prttHDtns presentTb
Th ns committee on resolutions appointed appointeditt aptt lnt8d lnt8dt
itt t the governors conference on Wednes Wednesday Wedneeday Vedn Vednwilt ¬
day day TV wilt make Its it report to the assembly assemblysome aMel aeseinblysome bly blyome
some time t tDda tUdi day preewnatoly pr ly at th Uleatt UleatternctoR tbe aft afternoon afternoen ¬
ernoon session tet 1sattMresoIuUona taEtrlOlutioM thft resolutions are arehava ar arMV arehave
have MV not been divulged but Jt t is thought thoughtthey thourhtUley thoughtthey
they will be drafted d ted along the line 1 of ofthose ofthoee ofthose
those furnished turn18hedby by th the committee of the thedifferent thedUferent thedIfferent
different engineers societies nodet and Gov GovFolk GovPolk CoyPolk
Polk of Missouri The governors also alsobare al alsohave o olvo
bare a few Ideas Jdoa of their th own as to what whatthe whatUte whatthe
the rsaojuttons should be be and there will willprobably wmDIOHItI wiltprobably
probably DIOHItI be a number ft1l ber of amendments be bofore before beCore
fore they are finally stun adopted adoptedTfe adoptedTh adoptedTb
Tfe set speeches for to today will deal dealwith dealwith dealwith
with the water quwUon uoEion largely JargebSecretal7 largelySocretary largelySecretary
Secretary Wilson of the Agricultural AgriculturalDepartment Ap1cmlturalDepartmt AgriculturalDepartment
Department Opened the geaeml discus discusslon dt cussIon discusslon
slon at th the moml morning sesctew and was wasroundly wuroundly wasroundly
roundly applauded when htf took the thestand tbestud theatsed
stand studIn atsedIn standIn
In Gov Forts remarks h said there Uterewas therewas therewas
was no State tax in New Jersey y and andPresident andPre6k1ent andPresident
President Samuel Gompers of the tn Amen Amarlcan Am8tlcan Amencan
can Federation Fedra of oCLabor Labor who was in the Uterear therear therear
rear of the room remarked aotte vo Gte GteNo ee eeNo e eNo
No the trusts pay the lasts lastsX taxMX taxssx
X X O Pindall acting governor gOV rnor of Ar Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas ¬
kansas departed hurriedly from the con conference conference conference ¬
ference because a special session of the theState theState theState
State legislature has been called by Allen AllenHomitor A1h AllenHomiter n nHomltor
Homitor who was acting governor while whilePindall whilePlndaU whilePindall
Pindall was away to take action acU n regard regarding regardIng regardIng ¬
ing a new system of State revenues The Thelegislation Thelegislation Thelegislation
legislation proposed by Homlter is not notwanted notwanted notwanted
wanted by Pindall and he is speeding
ir
I
w i a aTODAY
TODAY TODAYIl TODAYThe
Il IlThe
The surprise of the season in the theMillinery theMillinery theMillinery
r Millinery Department is the most mostimportant mostimportant mostI mostimportant
important part of todays pro programme programme programme ¬
I
gramme Note Not that most of this thismornings thismornings thismornings
mornings news is supplementary supplementaryto sl1ppJ mentarJ mentarJto
I to that given in yesterdays YCst rd3Y s evening eveningpapers evening
TTT A T SC fl A T
THE f PALAIS PtuAi ROYAL lWJitt papers Read R ad on onNone onThese onTheseHats
These TheseHats Hats 7 79cm 79cmr 79cmNone ge geI
I
r I I I
I
I
I
None were less than tl n 125 some somew were re2 2 Choice of o Sailors Sailorsas SaUorsJas
as illustrated Ulustratedf and others othe s in navy 15r brown vnandblack and black Dealers are arenot arenot arenot
not invited invitedJand and the right is reserved to to1imit limit the sale to one 0116 hat hatto hatto hatto
to each purchaser purchaserWM p purchaserHatstoB5 rchaser rchaserHats
Hats HatstoB5 HatstoB5th to Be 5 5i
i F
I s4f9
th I IE
E
7 1 ar arrc
rc
WM WMra
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i
c v
I
WS WSBest tr trtI
ra < u itiMli
1 1dlr
dlr I IBest
tI tIBest
Best Flowers Floweandjg FloweandjgWould and Wings WingsWould WingsVou1d
Would you brighten the old hat P See these best possible possibleFlowers possibleFlowers possibleFlowers
Flowers with buds and foliage at 125 instead of 250 250 bunch bunchSee bunchSee bunchSee
See the large natural Wings at 75c instead of 100 100G 100The iooThe
The Palais Royal G St llth St StA s
A L1SNER I J J
toward the land of the U1 Ozarks to fore forestall forestall forestall ¬
stall the meeting of the legislature legislatureAfter legislatureAfter
0 0Arter
After James J a mil had completed his hisspeech hisspeech hisspeech
speech he h was on warmly congratulated by bySecretary bySeeretary bySieretary
Secretary Cortelyou Cort of the Treasury De Department DeparUftent DcpartesaM ¬
partment Secretary Garfield of the In Interior Interter Intoner ¬
toner Department t and Secretary S tary Wilson Wilsonof Wl1sonof Wilsonof
of the Agricultural Department all of ofwhom otwhom ofwhons
whom occupied seats on the stand and andwere andwere andwere
were attentive listeners lI t ners to th the discourse discourseof
of the to railroad magnate magnateWIISOH magnateWILSON magnateWILSON
WILSON NOT TO RETIRE KETIREDenounces RETmEDenonnees RETIREDenounces
Denounces Report as Untrue from fromBeginning fromBeltnnln fromBeginning
Beginning to EndThere EndThere End EndThere
There has been another revival of the therumor therumor therumor
rumor that James Wilson lIOn Secretary of ofAgriculture ofAgriculture ofAgriculture
Agriculture and senior member of the theCabinet theCabinet theCblnet
Cabinet both In 11 point of years and serv service sanice servIce ¬
ice is to resign that office officeIts otftceIts officeIts
Its a lie from beginning to end said saidMr saidMr saidMr
Mr Wilson last night nightMr nightMr nightMr
Mr Wilson has been Secretary of Agri Agriculture Agriculture Agriculture ¬
culture for more than eleven years
DONT BE A READYMADE MAN MANSuits MANCOOL
I COOL cQ2 CLOTHES CLOTHESWest Ci TH THWest
West of England Serges SergesI SergesHomespuns Sergesllomespuns I
Homespuns Crashe Crash c
450 450Suits
e
Suits made to your order orderwith orderwith rd r rwith
with the famous fam fcnnousGlasgow ItGlagow Glasgow Con Concave Concave Concave ¬
cave shoulder closefitting col colGlasgow colft colbr
ft lar and fJ6VOrbro nevorbrcfk k front frontGlasgow frontGlasgow
Glasgow easy breezy br ezy jaun jauni jauntysfyles jaunsr
sr i ty tysfyles styles are are cool and comfort comfortv comfortab
z L4iFliifl
i = rii1 v able ab e on the most sweltering swelteringdays swelteringdays ss eltering elteringday
days day They T ey are built summer summerr sl1mmer sl1mmertime summerilme
r time way w ly and shapekeeping shapekeepingNo
5f
No wrinkles wrihkI or orbagging orbaggingNow bagging baggingNow b g ng ngNow
Now is the time to order your vacation vac vacation t o suits 5uitswhile while the ther thermometer thermometer titermometer ¬
mometer is climbing climbingHere climbingHere climbingHere
Here is the place pla e to get the th Cfri right ht clothes at the right price priceNo priceNo priceNo
No Better Bet r Clothes Clot ClothesThan esThan Than Ours Built Bu lt at Any An Price Pricej5 PriceGl PriceGasgoW
Gl GasgoW gowW Woolen oolen Mills Co I Ij15
j5 15 Penn AV Ave Ave5Open Open Evenings Till 9 9r
r
tI I
Christian hr Xanders XandersJURTINI Xander3I1IN i iBtghat
G I COCKTAIL COCKTAILLARTflLh gf
JURTINIHighest JURTINI LARTflLhflighest
Highest grade qpcfcUH xtafl WI ea tie tiemarket UtetIariet thewar5et
market Prtpercd of 1 the beat fe fegredtnte mienU isgredlents
gredtnte ienU JlJS 15 L Mule lIe f fuB fc eB yt ytChristian ttLY pt2r
2r LY Christian Xanders XandersPbeae
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IHo Hoius U7 S MC te bra bnscM hisses JMNusDIED hissesw hissesDIED
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DIED DIEDKEENAKSwMenb DIEDKEESA DIEDEEEYAYSsddenI
KEENAKSwMenb KEESA SIiddW1 m Wcdsttdar May 8 11 III III1rs M MMrs N NMrs
Mrs ANN Ai KEEXAN awt stxtytbM 1IxUtJIML imtf imtfFuneral i iFtrniral
Funeral from bet 1 late U ratine 2111 Blunptli Blunptlistr BIeIIIIIitret EIehstrcet
str tret t norihwttt Mm win Dt b held at St St PaIrs PMTsCfthollc PaIrsCa PscEdIcturaossatwyMa7st9La
Cfthollc Ca cEdIcturaossatwyMa7st9La hoUc Snirefe OB SAtarfey Sa May M I at t 9 a a 1a 1aFrtend5 a aFriend I Irends
Friend rends tad rektira rekU wrttcd THad to atlwd atlwdKIRErSudde at atKIR1fSuddeD1r atteedElluIrSuddenhy
KIRErSudde KIR1fSuddeD1r r OK Traky Tssds Mr 12 n 3998 3998Baltimore at atalt1m atBalUmsre
Baltimore alt1m e Md JAMBS T totawt IJI1 IJI1Patrick rf rfPatrick itPatrick
Patrick and the hate EMMA H Efar Ktr lite Me Man Manem 11aglonJ tisauneral
em emFuneral glonJ
Funeral uneral from his fattens mMtMc reiisss Ittt 111 Sink Sinkstreet 5ixtlt 5ixtltstreet jt jtstreet
street southwest PriSsy morag May 15 at atso
833 oclock theses to St 3t Daalstei I Chorea Choreawhere Cburcil Cburcilwhere Churciwhere
where reQtdea BMM N will be tM alii far r tIt e rrpott rrpottoC rtPOIedhi4GUl npoeGbISSQII1
oC dhi4GUl dhi4GUltAyon GbISSQII1MAYOn hw eL eLMAYOn
MAYOn WedMHtar W DI6Ckf Ma 117 Iai 13 Ii JfrM l5 at 8M B a 30 30NICHOLAS D DNICHOLAS aiNICHOLAS
NICHOLAS taKtairf of f the late 3fai8nat3fyj 3fai8nat3fyjFuneral faJll taseet3Lsy taseet3Lsyin et r rin
in his wentrnIutJa flU I IFuneral 4Funeral
Funeral fram the mfateaa at Ms fe w cht r llh llhElizabeth MnEUzabeth tn tn1Llzabeth
Elizabeth Resewap lltt Florida a aU5t ar B e Mtft Mtfteast ssdheast
east U5t on Friday May Ia 15 at 841 S a a RnH R Rmus Beesknuss RnHmass
mass st the Ciwrct of tw 15 H Heir r Na Name at 9 9eefeck 91 91oeIock 1 1oclock
eefeck Retatim an aM friends tevtte MSL 1181 IM I lelir lelirmeat r rjBest
meat 1 at St MariA Oemcterr OemcterrjrcAULIFFESaddeBr 0eMeerycCLIFFES OeMeety3tcALLIFFESeddeshs
jrcAULIFFESaddeBr cCLIFFES de8b oat T Teeslay ay Xr kr Is 1 1in 3 3in M Min
in PitUterg Pa Mr Mrs MARY C c MeAOLIEFE MeAOLIEFEFuneral JoleULIFFBFuneral 34cAULIFPEFunra1
Funeral tma St St Steptas Ckwck fui MB eJ7 Frt Frtday Frt4 Frt4daJ Fri4day
day May tai 15 at M 0ctok a a a1fcILVEESOI1 aMcILVEENOfl a aMcILVEEXOn
McILVEEXOn Thursday May hy M IMS FRAITOBfr FRAITOBfrMdLVBEN PR Pnt4OItcILVBEN O OIcILBES
MdLVBEN MdLVBENFuneral IcILBESFxneral tcILVBENFsncral
Funeral from her howe the Law lAMe Ajwrfcaea AjwrfcaeaNo A ANo1 Jpar4seaya
No No1 1 on Satwl Sa SatardSY risS r May Mt J M Ii l at 2 fabric Her Herfriends HerI I II
I friends are invited invitedMORAKOa klTitedMORANon iyitedMOBAOn
MORAKOa Tuesday May K 1 1 JW6 a at 5 sec secp ej x xJ1 5c 5cp
p J1 m ANNE A NB the Wtr Wend l wtfo wilet t if U Ute JaU JaUPaJriek k kiePatriet i I IEuniral
PaJriek inn MewaFuneral orta ortaFuntral
Funeral frwa the rccMerxe rrce el f her bnmr br r l Cr CrIatthiu fr frIstthIas r rMatthias
Matthias NMMH e ooeii ttU 1 TwMirthfci Ud str streetMth streetMthwest tr6et tr6etfeSt t3iK t3iKvest
vest feSt Friday May Ma IS 15 at SOS 8 a as M Maw Iess u at fifc fifcStephens S SSt SaStens
Stephens St s Chwch at 9 ofelMfc RoUUm RU ad adfriend u4frienm sadf
friend f ends respectfully terited to allied aUtadOSBORNEOn aUMdOSDORSEOn alliedOSBORNEOn
OSBORNEOn Thursday My y H M9 1i at 5 sgS sgSa a aa
a m at her residence 2J5 21 E sUeet wwthwwt wwthwwtMARY s UlwrAm mstbwe mstbwetAnr
MARY rAm A the factored vile of thp t th fet late te Wffifcn WffifcnOsbarne WmObame VtIIIItM0300n1e
Osbarne and mother m6t e ef RWuid Rk sl Marian MI Mari e MH MHdnd MJ1 MJ1dnd l4ldned
dnd and nd Mollie Osbenie OsbenieFaaeral O OabraeThasral Beme BemeP4neral
Faaeral Saturday May ar 16 at 1 ocfeck fi fiZlon fNIB fNIBZion fis fisZion
Zion Baptist Church F street ereet b betWetlt tve TM TMand l1IWnd Thkdand
and Fourandahalf F strata wrthw isuthwtt Uwttt lfrjetIIiP lfrjetIIiPand P Pand Fri Friand
and relatives reaUT invited to attend attendRAEOn attea4RAEOn atteadtUEOn
RAEOn Wednesday Wed edJr May 13 11 K03 ma at t ills 1111at p B Bat mat
at his residence 1SS Jeffams JI place placeRear aie aeethw aeethwRear aettbwheat
Rear Admiral CHARLES WBITES1DB RAB RABU RAB RABU RASU
U a S N NFuneral NFunua NFuerral
Funeral from All Soils s Chunk FrHar Prid r May ar IS ISat 15at i iat
at 3 p Po m lutermwl t at Awwpotts AwwpottsSMITHOn AssanellsSifiTHOc IiL IiLSYITHOI1
SMITHOn Wednesday May U 13 m i at 11 11jx 11p 1116 1116p
jx p m at his mUmc reskl MS PswKfbairfa Pm arcana arcanasoutheast TenMICt1theut I IKutheelt
southeast Capt W1LUAM SMITH befored beforedfatbff beloTfdfathtr be1odfathft
fatbff cf Mrs 1r1 P C C 1 J Twwwr H iA Ms hissereath seventy seventyseventh 5tTeI1t1aeieXitb
seventh year yearFnnml JurFnnrral yearPaileral
Fnnml from residence Satankv aorala May U 1 1at U Uat 11at
at 813 oclock thence to St St Petals Ctutdi CtutdiSecond Cb Cbcmd burti burtiSeaod
Second and C ttf ettf6 u mthust Hlt anent I t at atMount atIoun atMount
Mount Ioun Olivet OllT t CesateiT Frterfs FrIes respectfully 1 in inTiled iaT1te iiiited
Tiled T1te ited to tttnd atteedWOODIJANDOn tttndW06DLANDOn UmdWO
W06DLANDOn WO DLANDOn Tuesday May 1aS B BHome l2 liii at t tHome thO thOItems
Home of the Aged and I lillis to TBJWI80K TBJWI80KWOODLAND fmfNISONWOODLAND TlllflISOXWOODLAND
WOODLAND colored cotetedKBody eohr coloredIlodyateltymeesue d dDOOr
Body Ilodyateltymeesue at city nwrgu If irestcel1MforW3Pm irestcel1MforW3Pmof not ealted for by J Jo Joof n nof >
of May 1ar M 1L 1888 soeh rwwtes 1D6 w wm wt be beof dh dlsssetL ed edof I Iof
of In accordaaae vifh 4th law lawFUNERAL k1rFUNERAL k kFUNERIIiECTQRSI
i
FUNERAL FUNERIIiECTQRSI DIRECTORS DIRECTORSGEOB3E DIRECTORSGEOR 1 1GEORGE
GEORGE GEOR E P ZUHHOEST ZU ZURROESTsot ORST
801 Boat Capitol Street StreetFUNERAL ItJ StrCetFUNERAL et
71 71fUNERAL
FUNERAL FUNERALFTINEKAI DESl6tS DESIOllS1PtfliERAL d i di dFUNERAL
FUNERAL FLOWERS IXOWERSOf FLOWERSl FLOWERSlOf
Of ETBT rer7 DescriptloOMcderatrtr Descrlptloa Q4eBtct1 Priftk PriftkGTTDE PrieedGUDE I
GTTDE GTTDE12U GtTDEJ h i iWt
12U F ST NORTHWEST PHONIj rBON Mt l

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