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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 04, 1909, Image 8

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THE 8E WASHINGTON WASKIA TON H HERALD EAbD THURSDAY HAECH 4 1909
HE inauguration of President PresidentTaft PrestdentTtt PresidentTaft
THE Taft today marks the ending endingof endingof endingof
of the IMyear period since the thefirst thefirst thefirst
first Inauguration ceremony was washeld wuheld wa waheld
held in Washington For in 1809 Just a scentury acentury acentury
century ago ended the administration n ofThomas of ofThomas GtThom
Thomas Thom Jefferson Jeir IH the first Pre PresWent dent ofthe of ofthe ofthe
the United States to be inaugurated in inthe inthe inthe
the District of Columbia ColumbiaThe ColumbiaThe ColumbiaThe
The Inaugural cereaooies ceremoi Ies which have havecome 1Iavecome havecome
come to be so elaborate me as almost to tobeggar tobeggar
beggar description started with GeorgeWashington George GeorgeWashington GeocgeWasllIA
WasllIA Washington who displayed in this as a hedid he hedid e ed
did d in so many man matters hfe hI fine apprecla appreclation 2JprecJabon apprecletion
tion of the true sgts spirit of American insti institutions Institutions InstituUona ¬
tutions Above everWng everj evetbt Was else he want wanted VWantoM wanted ¬
ed the ceremony of his inauguration to tobe tobe tobe
be a simple one impressive because of ofIts otIts ofIts
Its inward Twwwrtnsr n Matng rather rat er than by reai reaison re reson reason
son of outward show or pomp of eircam eircamstsnce alrcumstance oiroumstance
stance But even he could DOt have quite quitehis quitehis quitehis
his own way Whatever his desire was was It Itwas Itwas itwas
was defeated by dJ < the enthusiasm of the thepeople thepeople thepeople
people who converted d his Journey joc from fromMount fromMount fromMount
Mount Vernon to the National Capital Capitalthen Capitathen Capitalthen
then m New York iato a 8 veritable pro procession proessiou procession ¬
cession of triumphThe triumph triumphThe triumpbThe
The route he was to follow on this tafaJourney thisjl thisjourney
Journey jl UJ1M7 > was known far days s ahead aM andthrough aMthrougk aMthrough
through every town he JieJ8SSed passed he found feundhimselt foundhimself I Ihimself
himself compelled to ride beneath deco decorative cle cleratlve deeorative ¬
rative arches and along streets gay with withbunting withbunting j
bunting and echoing the cheering of the thet ther j jpeople
people r ople AH during eriRg the progress of the theJourney thejourney thejourney
Journey tee he was met by civic offil offilciais ofil ofileials
ciais < tals who bad carefully prepared Pt J arod a ati atidresses addresses H Hdresses
dresses of welcome to which he had to tomake tomake
make formal reply When he reached reachedEHzabethport reclaedEUzabetbpon reachedEllzabethport
EHzabethport he was conveyed across acmesthe acrosthe i ithe
the river to the foot of Wall street st t in a ahuge ahuge ahuge
huge barge manned by thirteen U rowers SB SBwhite JRwhite Inwhite
white uniforms these representing repres6 Ung the thethirteen thethirteen thethirteen
thirteen States and this barge with thefirst the thefirst the1irst
first President on board was followed onIts on enits onits
its short voyage by all meaner of sea seacraft seecTaft seacraft
craft It was a tumultuous welcome to tothe tothe tothe
the man who had done more than any anyother aayother anyother
other to win independence for the na nation BaWD nation ¬
tion WDFirst
First Oath in New York YorkBut YorkBut YorkBut
But once one in New York the wishes w hS of ofGen orGeIL ofGen
Gen Washington Washlogt n prevailed and at the theplace thep theplace
place p ace in Wall street where the Washing Washington Wa Washington ing ington ¬
ton statue new stands George Washing Washington WasQIngton Washington ¬
ton took the oath of office sad delivered d ltvereda
9 a brief inaugural address and then at attended attended attended ¬
tended a short but impressive religiousservice religious rettgioessenice s ssenice
senice in St Pauls Cbupch Cbu Cbuach In BroadwayHis Broadway BroadwayHis BroadwayHis
His journey hack to the Executive Man 3fansiot Mansion Mansion ¬
sion sion then situated In Cherry C erry street street was wasagain wasagsJn wasagain
again an opportunity for the t display of ofpatriotism ofatrlom ofpatriotism
patriotism atrlom by the people and that even evening avenlng evening ¬
ing there were brilliant fireworks fol followed f6lIow followed ¬
lowed Iow d by an inaugural ball which has hasever basever hasever
ever with one or two exceptions re remained re remained remained ¬
mained a feature of iaauguratioBs iaauguratioBsWhen mauguratJoosWhen IaaugurationsWhen
When George G rg Washington was reelect reelected reelected reelected ¬
ed the second time the Inauguration inauguration on cere ceremony ceremony cerernony ¬
mony bad grown to be much more elabo elaborate amborate elaborate ¬
rate In the meantime the seat of gov government government government ¬
ernment had been changed from New NewYork Newark NewYork
York ark to Philadelphia Ph and during the thetime thetime thetime
time of the inauguration ia 13C I t Congress Congresswas Copgr Co S5 sgressRas S5was
was in session in that hall of independ iAdepeHence independence independence ¬
ence from whose wa e tower bad rung o out t on onJuly ORJuly onJuly
July 4 4 ITS 1 the news of the Declaration Declarationof
of Independence Up to this boiiding so soreplete 30Tpltte soreplete
replete with thrilling t rDllnE memories of the theperiod theperiod theperiod
period of the straggle for f < liberty Preel President Preeld Preeldnt ¬
dent d nt Washington Was tAgtOR was driven driv in a magnifi magnificent magnlfiNnt magnUlcent ¬
cent coach especially bent for the ecca occasion eccasion eccaFion ¬
sion It was drawn by y six white horses horsesled horsesled
led through the streets The President Presidenthimself PresidentNmselt Presidenthimself
himself seemed to have h ve cast aside for the thenonce theiio
nonce 110 ce his Ideas of the beauty of sim simplicity sIlBplility simplicity ¬
plicity for he was w s dressed for the t e cere ceremony ceremony ceremony ¬
mony in an ornate costume of black vel velvet velvet velvet ¬
vet silver laces and diamondstudded diamondstuddedbuckles dinendstuddedbuckles diamondstuddedbuckler
buckles bucklesThat bucklesThat bucklerThat
That was as tie first Inauguration htPhiladelphia that thatPhiladelphia thatPhUadelphiQ
Philadelphia witnessed The last with withwhich wttwhich withwhich
which the City c f Brotherly love was wasto wasto wasto
to be honored occurred March 4 4 1797 1797when iwhen 1 1when
when John Adams of Braintree Mass Massassumed MSSassumed Massassumed
assumed the office The ceremony took tookplace tookp1ae tookplace
place in the same same Independence Hall Hallwhere HaJlhere Hallwhere
where here Washington had taken the oaths oathsfour Othsfour oathsfour
four years previously That must have havebeen h havebeen ve vebefn
been an impressive inauguration for forpublic topublic forpublic
public interest 1 terest was centered much more moreIn moreIn morein
In the outgoing than in the Incoming lnoomi g
President There must have been many
there that t day who realized that it wasperhaps was wasperhaps wasrhaps
perhaps rhaps the test time they should ever eversee eversee eversee
see President Washington and President PresidentAdams PresidentAdamshlmseU PresidentAdams
Adams AdamshlmseU himself recalled the fact thatduring that thatduring thatduring
during the eeremonfes due to his taking takingoffice takiDSofice takingoffice
office the faces of the multitude about
him were suffused used with tears tearsQaiet tearsQuiet tearsQuiet
Quiet John Adoxan AdoxanIt
It was was indeed a change C ange from President PresidentWashington Pre PresidentWashington deQt deQtWashtagtOA
Washington aristocraticlooking aristocraticIookh g floe in inhis inhis Inhis
his splendid splen kl clothes and armed with a asuperb asuperb asuperb
superb dignity to John Adams a simple simplequiet simpleq simplegdiet
quiet q iet gentleman ge tJemaa with powdered hair hairand Jlatrand hairand
and drab unostentatious suit There Therewere Therewere Therewere
were no elaborate ceremonials The Pre Presidentelect Pre1denteJect PrerIdentelect ¬
identelect marched into Independence IndependenceHall IndependenceHaU IndependenceHall
Hall escorted by the t e head of the t e govern government government government ¬
ment departments and the marshal of ofthe oCthe ofthe
the district ef Pennsylvania Congress Coagrassrose Congressrose
rose to greet him and there was a riot riotof riotof riotof I
of enthusiasm from the t e crowds that thatpacked thatpuke4i thatpacked
packed the entrances to the halt and andthe a athe andthe
the galleries gatri inside Walking to the theSpeakers tlteSpeakers theSpeakers
Speakers desk President Adams was wasmft was wasnwt wasmFt
mft by Chief Justice Ellsworth who ad administered auministete4 administered ¬
ministered the oath of oftee and thisdone this thisdone thisdOBe
dOBe done the President read In aa even and andUBlrapftssioned aaUDlm anduntrnpesoionod
UBlrapftssioned UDlm voice his b inaugural adirese ad adIrese adr
Irese r se Thomas Jefferson Jetl rS D the t e Vice Pre President PreIcknt PreaWent ¬
Went took the oath of his office right rightafter rightafter rightafter
after the President It was during the theadministration t theadministration t tadmkJistraUea
administration of Adams A caa the elder that thatwas thatwas thatwas
was divided into two offices en April 9ft 9ft1T9S
1T9S 1T9SThe
The fourth inauguration found another anothershift auothersbift anothershift
shift in the field this time dpte to Washing Washington Wubt1Iton Wasi Wasiton ¬
ton Thomas Jefferson J aers ll was the first of ofthe ofth ofthe
the th Presidents to be inaugurated gvratecl in Intlte IntlteDi5tI theDistrict the theDistrict
District Di5tI t of Columbia There is a legend legendto lege legeto
to the effect that Jefferson J rso the great greatrepublican greatrf greatrepublican
republican rf > pubUcu redo red up to the Capitol abso absolutely absohtely absolltely ¬
lutely unattended uaatt got off his horse horsewhich hors horswt horsewhich
which wt h he hitched hl be4 to a convenient C post postand postand postand
and then went inside to take the oath of ofoffice ofofike ofofflce
office The Jefferson Inauguration was wassimple wassimple wassimple
simple but not quite so simple as that thatIt thatIt thatIt
It is true that Jefferson J rode horseback horsebackfrom horsebackfrom horsebackfrom
from his estate at Monticello on the themorning themommg themorning
morning of the inaugurate But he hewat hewtat bewent
went to e hawse where he had lodging lodgingand lodgingand lodgingand
and remained there until time to go to tothe tothe tothe
the Capitol Then he h walked over ac accompanied acmpaDfed accomparded ¬
companied by a a party of his poIitkalp political I IJ
J
s
o oeo oeoa I t
a 1Ipll 1IplltFQll1WAStIINToN l o
rr2m tFQll1WAStIINToN WA5I1IN6TQN tQ Q TAFT Tr ATi 1II 1 i iID 0 0rr2m
ID IDe II
e O 1 O t O
L irllLL t
I i friends who w O wore Joined by b a small company com company company ¬
pany of militia With his friends Jeffer Jefferson Jefferson eter etersou ¬
son entered the hall of Congress now nowI nowthe nowthe
I the Supreme SU I8me Court chamber and he hefound hefound hefound
found that tkat contrary to law Mr Burr Burrthe Burrt Burrthe
the t e Vice Vl e President had already been beensworn beenswom beensworn
sworn in and seated The retiring Pres President PresIdent PresMent ¬
ident Ment John Adams was not present and andthe andthe
the oath o tb of office was administered very veryi veryslmp1y verysiably
i sbriply by Chief Justice Marshall After Afterthis Aftertblsceramony Afterthis
this tblsceramony ceremony Mr Jefferson made his in inaugural Inugursl inaugural ¬
augural address and then proceeded to tothe toUte tothe
the White House House where the ceremonies ceremoniesof
of the day ended with a public reception receptionin r eeptlonIn
in the evening In other of the promi prominent promlDent prominent ¬
nent cities of the nation the Jefferson J in inauguration macgur8 inauguration ¬
auguration acgur8 on was made the occasion of ofgreat orgreat ofgreat
great jubilation In Washington the thenoteest tbeDOisest thenoisest
noteest demonstration was a salvo vo of ar artillery arUUery artillery ¬
tillery when Mr Jefferson arrived at the theWhite t theWhite e eWhIte
White House HouseHomespun HouseHomespun HouseHomespnn
Homespun of Jefferson JeffersonIt Je1f rIon rIonIt
It was Thomas ThoaaezJofforson Jefferson who sat the thefashion thefasltkMt thefashion
fashion fasltkMt not always followed since of ofwearing orweerbtg ofwearing
wearing a suit of American homespun homespunfor
for the inaugural It is said that his cos costume 005tmne costume ¬
tume for the occasion consisted of a gray grayhairy grayAaJry grayhairy
hairy waistcoat red underwaistcoat underwaistcoatgreen underwa1stcoatgfeGl underwalatcoatgreen
green velveteen breeches and gray yarn yarnstockings yarnstockings yarnstockings
stockings This was not considered an anunusual an1musu21 anunusual
unusual costume The second Inauguratlon inaugura inauguration lnauguran ¬
tion n ef Mr Jefferson in 1S85 seems to tohave toMve tohave
have been unmarked by any particular particularincident particularlacdent particularIncident
incident As 4s on his first term term the oath oathof oathQt oathof
of office was administered by Chief Justice Jus Justice Justice ¬
tice MarshallIn Marshall MarshallIn Marshalllu1S08
In lu1S08 1890 ISO James Madison acUson of Virginia sue succeeded sueeeeded sueceeded ¬
ceeded to the Presidency He had served servedI s servedas rved rvedas
I as Secretary of State and as Vice Pres President PresJdimt President ¬
ident daring the administration of his hisleader hisleader
leader Greater preparations were made madefar madefor madefor
for the Inaugural ceremonies than ever everbefore everbefore everbefore
before and the day itself was ushered in inby Inby Inby
by the roar of artillery from frOm the navy navyyard n8jyar navyyard
yard and from Fort Warburton TheSenate The TheSenate TheSeDate
Senate met that day in the chamber of ofthe ofOle ofthe
the House ef Representatives Representa thes where theoath the theoath thsoeU1
oath of office was administered by Chief ChiefJustice ChIefJlIStIce ChiefJustice
Justice Marshall Prior to taking theoath the theoath theoatil
oath the newly ewly elected President had de delivered deHvered delivered ¬
livered his inaugural address addressThe addressThe addressThe
The ceremony of the inauguration did didnot dtdD didnot
not last long and as soon as it was con concluded COfteluded coneluded ¬
eluded the t e sew President drove to his hisWashington ktsWas hisWashington
Washington Was ln6LDn home the house now occu occupied oooupleci aeonpled ¬
pied by the Cosmos Club at Madison Madlsoaplace Madisonplace Iacl1so1i
i place and H street the house over which whichDoily whichI whichDally
Doily Madison presided as the first lady ladyof yor ladyof
of the land for so long and became so soprominent sopIOmlRent soprominent
I prominent a figure IR Washington R sod reelety sodety society
ety So soon as President Madison adison got to toI tohis
1 his house be waited upon by the pramS prominent pramSneat ¬
I neat citizens of the District Dis t and ex exPresWent exI axPresident
I President Jefferson called to pay his re respects re rei respects ¬
i spects That evening was given the first fastinaugural firstinaugural firstInaugma1
inaugural ball a custom which has sur survived su suvlved survived ¬
vived and grown in Importance with withevery Withevery withevery
every incoming administration D It was washeld washeld washeld
held m Longs Halt HaltAt HallAt HailAt
At the second inauguration of President PresidentMadison PresldOAtMadison PresidentMadison
Madison there were W fe more formalities ob observed oQ oQserved observed ¬
served The President was escorted to tothe tothe tothe
the Capitol by the volunteer cavalry of ofthe 0the ofthe
the District of Columbia a corps C IPS organ organized organized organized ¬
ized during the war of 1O2 The oath was wasagain wasagain wasagain
again administered by Chief Justice JusticeMarshall Justiceand JusticeMarshall
Marshall and in the evening a brilliant brilliantinaugural brllHantmaugural brilliantinaugural
inaugural ball was held at Davis Halt Haltnow HaiLJIOW Hallnow
now the Metropolitan HoteL Madisons MadisonsVice MadtsoasVIce MadisonsVice
Vice Presidents were George Clinton of ofNew ofNew ofNew
New York YOIk and Elbridge Gerry G rry of Massachusetts Mas Massachusetts Massachusetts ¬
sachusetts sachusettsMonroes sachusettsIonroe sachusettsMonroes
Monroes Ionroe Inaugural Inan nrnl Outdoor OutdoorThe OutdooKlbe OutdoorsThe
The first inauguration i uguraUon to ba hU 1 1 out of ofdoors eI ofdoors
I doors was that ef President James Mon Monroe Monree Monroe ¬
roe ree in 157 But this was not sufficient sufficientto
to establish the eastern for the next two twoinaugurate two11IIWgUra1s twoinaugurals
inaugurate were held Indoors agate and andit dIt andit
it was net until the size ef the t e crowds crowdspouring erewGspouriDg crowdspouring
pouring into Washington made the t e out outofdoers outofdoors outofdoors
ofdoors ceremony cerem DY seem necessary thatthe that thatthe tlItthe
the costom was adopted and maintained maintaineduntil mabthlneduntil 1Aed 1Aeduotn
until the present pre ent day dayJames dayJames dayJames
James Monroe of Virginia had been beenSecretary beeRSecretary beenSecretary
Secretary of State in the Madison admin administration administration adruinlstsatlon ¬
istration and he assumed the duties ef efhis eC1ds ofhis
his office at a time when the flood of na national national national ¬
tional prosperity was at its height het kt so sothat sotbat sothat
that tbat great throngs from all parts partS of the thecountry thecountry thecountry
country came to witness the e ceremonies ceremoniesIt ceremo les lesIt
It was perhaps in consequence of these thesethrongs thesetbrongg thesethrongs
throngs that President Monroe started startedthe startedtile startedthe
the practice pra < Uce which has grown into a cus costom custom custom ¬
tom tom of making his inaugural IlIau ra1 address to tothe tethe tothe
the assembled populace populaceVice popwaceVice populaceVice
Vice President Pr Sident Tompkins took the oath oathof oathoC oathof
of office in the Senate chamber and l de delivered de dettvare delivered ¬
livered < a short address there and then thenthe thenthe thenthe
the whole w ole party moved out to a platform platformthat platformthat platformthat
that had been constructed on the east eastportico eastt eastportico
portico of the Capitol Caplt and here Chief ChiefJustice CaIeCJustice CdeJustice
Justice Marshall administered the oath oathof oatitor oathof
of office om e to President Monroe who then thendelivered thendelivered thendelivered
delivered his address add s After this cere ceremony cerenoDY ceref ¬
f mony only the t e President and 00 his party were weredriven weredriveR weredriven
driven to the Octagon Oc gon house still one of ofthe 0tAe ofthe
the sights of Washington at New York Yorkavenue Yorkavenue I Iaveaue
avenue and Eighteenth street It was wasthen Wastheft wasthen
then the Executive Mansion as the theWhite theWhite theate
White House destroyed by the British la laAugust IAAugust inAugust
August ISM had not yet been made fitfor fit fitfor fitfor
for occupancy Here President Pres President dent Monroe Monroereceived Monroereceived Ionroerec
received rec ivecl his friends and the t e splendor of ofthe orthe ofthe
the day IIT ended with an inaugural ball at atDavis atDa atDavis
Davis Da s HalL HalLFor HallFor HallFor
For the second inaugural of President PresidentMonroe PrestdentYOAroe PresidentMonroe
Monroe there was IlttUe ceremony as the thedate thedate thedate
date date March 4 4 1SH 1Sl fell ell en a Sunday and andthe andthe andthe
the ceremonies ceremo les were postponed until untilMarch untJIMarch untilMarch
March 5 Onee more the oath of office officewas officewas officewas
was administered by Chief Justice Mar Marshall MarIlbaU Marshall ¬
shall In President Monroes Cabinet Cabinetwere Cabln Cahinotwere t twere
were John Quincy Adams John C Cal Calboun CathouR Calboun
boun and William Wirt WlrtIn WirtIn WirtIn
In March 12S 15 John Quincy Adams Adamswho Adamswlt6 Adamswho
who bad been Secretary of State during duringthe duringthe urlng urlngthe
the two term ef President Monroe and andwho aDClwhe andwho
who was new elected the sixth President Presidentof
of the United Unl States was living at 1331 F Fstreet F3treet Fstreet
street 3treet the present site of the Adams AdamsBuilding AdamsBuildia AdamsBuilding
Building Buildia No great preparations were weremade werema weremade
made ma e for his inauguration The cere ceremonies cereJftGIIMs ceremonies ¬
monies were begun in the old Hail of ofRepresentatives otRepWentatJtes ofRepresentatives
Representatives now Statuary Hall the theoath theoatil theoath
oath of office o being administered by Chief ChiefJustice OleJustice ChiefJustice
Justice Marshall As soon as the oath oathwas oat oatwas oathwas
was taken ani the inaugural address drcss de delivered dE dEJlvered delivered ¬
livered Pre Pr Meat 18Dt Adams returned to ttts tttshome 1118home illshome
home ia F street for the new White WhiteHoase WblteHOtISe WhiteHouse
House was not yet et completed At his hisprivate hisNito hisprivate
private house President Adams held a apubtie apubUo apub1M
pubtie reception and in the evening a agrand agraDd agrand
grand baH was held at the Assembly AssemblyHall AssemblyHall
Hall aJ1 which w lah stood where the Lyceum LyceumTheater ttceumTheater LyceumTheater
Theater Is today During PresidentAdams President PresidentAdams t tAdaJRs
Adams term JeAn C Calhoun was Vice VicePresident VIcePresident VicePresident
President and Henry Clay was Secretary Secretaryof
of State S
iteRlotll
Riot Riots Over OT r Jackson JnclcaonThe JllckIlOJThe JacksonThe
The first scandal in connection conu Ctlott Withthe With wkhthe wkAthe
the inauguration lav lraUen of a President cameabout came cameabout
in 1829 when Andrew Jackson the thehero thehet
hero het of two wars and the idol of his
l
< >
0
0
party was inducted into office The core ceremonies C coremonies fe fen1Otles ¬
monies were attended by a riot of dis disorder dlsoreer disorder ¬
order By this time the White House was wasrehabilitated wasre wasrebabnitatsd
rehabilitated re and to it after taking theoath the theoath tbeo
oath o tk of offc c the new President repairedHe repaired repairedHe repairedHe
He was followed from the Capitol to the theWhite theWAIte theWhite
White House by an enthusiastic but die dieorderly dhorderly
orderly multitude who followed the Pres President Presk1ent President ¬
ident into the Executive Mansion and andpromptly andpromptly andpromptly
promptly got out of han hand < J In their efforts ef efforts efforts ¬
forts to catch a glimpse of the popular popularhero pQpuarhero popularhero
hero and President or to shake his hand handthey bandthey handthey
they tore down the expensive curtainssmashed curtains curtainssmashed curtaInssma8b
smashed sma8b cl the china and spoiled the car carpets carpets carpets ¬
pets It was for a time pandemonium pandemoniumPresident pandemoniumFreslGent pandemoniumPresident
President Jackson was stopping at atGadsbys atGads atGadebys
Gadsbys Gads ys Hotel until March 4 4 He drovefrera drove drovefrom drovefrem
from this hostelry now the National to tothe tot1 tothe
the e Capitol in an open carriage aceom accompaaiod aceompaaied aceompealed
pealed by none He was greeted on his hisarrival hisarrival hisarrival
arrival at the Capitol by a number of his bineomradees hiscomrades blseomrsGos
comrades of the Revolution who escort escorted e escorted cort corteel ¬
ed him to the Senate chamber where he hemade hemade hemade
made an address In reply to one that had hadbeen hadbeen hadbeen
been made to him previously at the hotel hotelJackson hotelJackson hotelJackson
Jackson read his inaugural address fromthe from fromthe tromthe
the east portico of the Capitol and aft
WHITE HOUSE 1807 t
erward took too the e oath of office After Afterthe Afterthe I
the dad d recaption at the t e White House Houseand HouseAd Houseand
and the populace bud dispersed dls > Presi President Pre Pretident l ldst ¬
dent Jackson Jacks sat down to dinner with withVice wILlVice withVice
Vice President Pres Calhoun and a party of ofpersonal otp ofpersonal
personal p friends The chief dish was asteak a asteak asteak
steak from rem a prize ox seat by one of his hisadmirers hisa hisadmirers
admirers a It was during Jacksons first firstterm firsttena firstterm
term of office that the office of Postmas Postmaster Postmaster Postmaster ¬
ter General became a Cabinet position positionAt positionAt positionAt
At the second inauguration of President PresidentJackson Pr PresidentJackson sldent sldentJackJJon
Jackson the ceremonies were very ery sim simple simple rimpie ¬
ple There was no military display at all allThe all allThe AILThe
The President went quietly to the Capitol Capitolmade Capitolmade Capitolmade
made his inaugural address ad4r s and afterward after afterward afterwanl ¬
ward took the oath thus reversing the theorder theonler theorder
order of his previous procedure Thiswas This Thiswas I IW1i5
was the last occasion the Presidential Presidentialoath Pre Presidentialoath
cndalll cndallloath
oath was Administered 8 by Chief Justice JusticeMarshall JustJceral3haJL JusticeMarshall
Marshall Again an inaugural ball was washeld washeld I
held tots time U e at the Central Union UnionMission UnionMieslon n nMIeeIoR
Mission ban A9 J and 11 tl Pennsylyvante Pennsylyvanteavenue PemsylyvanlaeAue Penasylyvanlaavenue
avenue eAue northwest northwestXot DOrt westXot northwestdot
Xot Born American Citizen CitizenThe Cltb CitizenThe n nThe
The next important 4th of 0 March wasthat was wasthat wasthat
that of ySK which w lck saw the inauguration inaugurationof
of Martin Van Bnrea of New York the theoffice theomce theoffice
office of Chief Executive of the nationtaken nation nationtaken nationtaken
taken for the first time by one who hadtibt had hadabt hadheen
tibt abt been born aa American citizen There Therehad Thereh8d Therehad
had not been many J preparations for the theinengratioa theIDugwatlDa theInaugwratbu
inengratioa though it was an imposing imposingarray ImposingArI1l imposingarray
array of citizens that escorted the Presi Presidentelect Preslflatelect Presidentelect ¬
dentelect to the Ui Capitol Mr Van Buren Burenaccompanied Burenaec8RlpaRied Burenaccompanied
accompanied by President Jackson rode rodeto rodeto rodeto
to the Capitol IB a beautiful 1 phaeton phaetonwhich phaetonwIaIda pbaetonwhich
which was constructed ed out of wood taken takenfrom takenft8111 takenfrom
from from the oM frigate Caastitution It had hadbeen hadMea hadbeen
been manufactured uctured at Amherst and preseated pre preseeted pre8ted
seated as a surprise to the 1 e President Presidentelect Presldentelect Presidentelect ¬
elect by a body of his New York supporters sup supporters suppoI1ers ¬
porters The oath of office was admin administered adminIstered adminIstered ¬
istered to President Van Buren by ChiefJustice Chief ChiefJustice ChiefJvsdce
Justice Taney Afterward President Van VanBuren VanBarer VanBuren
Buren delivered his inaugural address addressfrom addressfrm addressfroth
from the east portico of the Capitol and andwas andWS andwas
was escorted ese 1ed beck to the White House by bycivic bycivle bycivic
civic and military organizations organzationsOnce organizationsOnce orgatatWnsOnee
Once more as in s Jacksons time the thearrlvaJ
of the t President at the White WhiteH0M5e
was made the segue of riotous dis disorder dlsorder disorder ¬
order No warning had been taken fromthe from fromthe fromtbe
the disgraceful d grac8tul scenes at President Jack Jacksons Jack80ftS Jackaotts ¬
sons inauguration and there were no nopreparations noJKeparations nopreparations
preparations to keep the throng In order orderThe orderThe orderThe
The crowds forced f rced aside all efforts at atrestraint atrestraint atrestraint
restraint and practically took possession possessionof
of o the lower rooms ro ms of the White House Housedoing Housedoing Housedoing
doing > considerable damage In the even evening e evening n nIDg ¬
ing there were two Inaugural balls the theoOIdal theofficial
one attended by the President PrestdentVice
President and a number of the Sen Senstors ¬
and Representatives was held in inwhat Inwhat inwhat
what was known as Carusis Hall now nowthe nowtha nowthe
the Lyceum Theater TheaterThe TheaterThe TheaterThe
The Inauguration of William Henry
Harrison of Ohio ia JS 1541 < 1 1 was the first firstin firstin firstIn
in which the weather was so o bad as seri seriously seriously seriously ¬
ously to Inconvenience those taking partin part partin partIn
in the inauguration ceremonies It is be believed beYed be13evod ¬
lieved Yed that the exposure on that 4th of ofMarch orMarch ofMarch
March was largely responsible for the theuntimely theuntimely theuntimely
untimely death of the President and It Ithas Itbas ithas
has been used since then as one of the themost themost themost
most powerful arguments by those who whobelieve whoDelieve whobelieve
believe that the date of inauguration inaugurationshould InaugurationsiIoulei inaugurationshould
should be changed c to some time later in inthe Inthe inthe
the year when w en more favorable favo ble weather weathermight
be hoped for The ceremonies in incident Inclilent IncI ¬
cident cI ent to President Harrisons inaugura inauguration ¬
were unique The day was cold andcloudy and andcloudy andcJoudy
cloudy and damp though t no rain fellBut fell fellBut feIlBut
But in spite plte of this thi the PresidenteketInsisted Presidentelect Presidentelectinsisted Presidentelectbtststoo
insisted upon pon riding upon horseback to tothe tothe tothe
the Capitol from his quarters qu ers Prom Pr Promneat ml mlneAt ¬
Whigs of Baltimore bad presented presentedhhn presentedhim presentedhim
him with a handsome carriage which whichwas
ready for his use with four horses horsesattaclted
to it It b but t Mr Harrison declin declined decllned declined ¬
ed to ride in this and declined also to wweer
aa overcoat rough strongly urged urgedto
do so by his f fends lJs ids It was to the theexp
exp Incident to this t is horseback ride ridethat ridetb6t ridethat
that the Illness Is attributed which re re resaUro ¬
in his death deathThe deLthTb deathThe
The city dt7or of Waahfegton was given up upwholb
fr t the first time to the Inaugu inauguratJ ¬
n ceremonies and In n the evening
separate fnxoguratinn bails were wereheld
President Harrfcdn Hani Hat r ibn n visited all allthree
of them and in the bell al held in tnthe n
assembly mbIy room in Louisiana avenue
Fifth and Sixth streets he join joined ¬
the dance daActy taking as his partner a
Gales daughter of the editor of the theratlooal
Intelligencer IntelligencerTyler IntelUgeRCerTyler IntellgencerTyler
Tyler Succeed Harrison HarrisonIt
It was barely b ely a month afterward that thatVl
Vl President Tyler on his estate n nVirginia
received the news of the death dcathf
f President Presld nt Harrison On April AprilS 6 1U 1541two ISO 1Utwo
days after the death of the Presi Feslo ¬
o
0
=
dent dent Tyler arrived In WashingtonRooms WashingtonRooms Washington WashlngtonRooms
Rooms had been reserved for him at atBrowns atBroWns atBrowns
Browns Indian Queen Hotel now the theMetropolitan the1tfetropoUtan theMetropolitan
Metropolitan where he took the oath of ofoffice ofofflce ofoffice
office before b fore WnHasa Craach Chief ChiefJustice CldeTustlce ChiefJustice
Justice of the District of Columbia There Therewero Therewero Therewere
wero no ceremonies other than this and andthree andthree andthree
three days later President Tyler pub published 1tIblIshed pubfished ¬
lished his Inaugural address through the thecolumns thecolumns thecolumns
columns of a newspaper newspaperIn
In 1845 184 came cam the Inauguration of James JamesK JamesK JamesF
K K Polk Polk of Tennessee the first Presi President President President ¬
dent of the United Cnl States who had pre previously previously previously ¬
viously been Speaker Spe < of the House of ofRepresentatives ofRepresentatlns o oRepresentatives +
Representatives At this inauguration inaugurationceremony laauguratlonceremony inaugurationceremony
ceremony the new Vice President George GeorgeF
F Dallas took the oath of office In the theSenate theSenate theSenate
Senate chamber cbm r and later ia the day daythe ds dstbe daythe
the oath was administered to President PresidentPolk PresidentPolk PresidentPolk
Polk by Chief Justice Taney Tane and after afterward afterward at tot totward ¬
ward the th President delivered his inaugu inaugural lnaugurat Inaugut ¬
rat address at the east portico of the theCapitol theCapitol
Capitol That evening there were two twoinaugural twoInaUgUral twoinaugural
inaugural balls the th one at Carusls Hall Hallrequired RaUrequired Hallrequired
required 1 Sib 11 tickets of admission the theother theother theother
other one charged U 2 admission adml s1on and andthough andthough andthough
though it was the most popular of the t e
two it was not well arranged or oared oaredfor oaredfor oaredfor
for and there was considerable erabie disorder disorderDuring dtsorderDurlng disorderDuring
During the administration of President PresidentPolk PI8SldentPolk PresidentPolk
Polk the Department of thtt Interior was wasadded wasadded wasadded
added to the Cabinet portfolios portiod In these theseyears tlteseyears theseyears
years too the Oregon q f1QeEh quesaan esk GD > n was set settled settled settied ¬
tled Texas was annexed to the Unionwar Union Unionwar Unionwar
war with Mexico was declared and Call California CaJtfornla Calltomba ¬
fornia and New Mexico became a part partof partor partof
of the domain dom < ln of the United States StatesPresident StatesPresident StatesPresident
President Polk survived his retirement retirementI retJremlltfrom retkameutfrom
I from office only a few months He died diedi diedIn diedin
i In Nashville June Iii Hif 19411In 14tIn
i In 1S49 came the Inauguration of Zachary Zach Zachary Zachary
ary Taylor of Virginia another of the thePresidents thePresldent thePresidents
Presidents whose term of office was cut cotshort cutsbort cutshort
short by death President Pr Sklent Taylor T r throughhis through throughhis thnmghhis
his gallant deeds Hds in the tb war with Mex Mexico MexIco Mexleo ¬
ico had ha become a popular r hero and his hisinauguration hisInaugvaUot hisSnavguratlot
inauguration ceremonies were simple but butimpressive butImpreslllw buthnpreeelve
impressive The oath of office was ad administered administered administered ¬
ministered on the east front of the Capitol Capi Capitol ¬
tol by b Chief Chi Justice Taney After the theinauguration theInauSUratiolt theInauguration
inauguration a reception was held at the theWhite the11lte theWhite
White 11lte House In the evening there were
WHITE HOUSE 1820
three inaugural bails baUsone oae at Jackson JacksonHall JacksonHall JacksonHall
Hall one at Carusis and a third at a ahall ahaU ahall
hall especially erected for the purpose In InJudiciary InJudicial inJudiciary
Judiciary Square SquareIn SquareIn SquareIn
In ISO S50 it was that t at Vice President Pre ent Mil Millard Millard MI MIlard
lard Fillmore of New York stepped into intothe intothe intothe
the vacancy caused by the death of Pres President PresIdent Presdent ¬
ident Taylor on July J81 3 9 1S5IL President PresidentFillmore PresidentFUlmore PresidentFillmore
Fillmore had lsaCi served several terms in inCongress InConfress inCongress
Congress representing New York and andwas andwas andwas
was a lawyer of considerable note Ho Howas Howas Howas
was sworn in by Chief Justice Cranclt Craachof Crancltof Crancltof
of the Circuit Clre lt Court of the District of ofColumbia ofColumbia ofColumbia
Columbia and his inaugural address was wasvery wnsvery wasvery
very brief briefUnique brle brleUnlrlue briefUnique
Unique Pierce Innnfrnral InnnfrnralIn
In 1ES3 the Inauguration of Franklin FranklinPierce FraQk1lnPierce FranklinPierce
Pierce was unique In that the Vice Pres President PresIdent President ¬
ident was not present Fairly Fairl elaborate elaboratepreparations elaboratepreparations
preparations had been madt or the In Inauguration InauSUraUon inauguratlon ¬
I
auguration and a platform on n the east eastportico eastportico ast astportico
portico of the Capitol had been built en entirely entirely entirely ¬
tirely of New Hampshire pine out of ofcompliment ofcompliment i
compliment to the State which gave the thenew Utenew thenew
new President to the nation nat1onThe The oath oathof oathor oathof
of office was administered by b Chief CRlef Jus Justice Justice Justice ¬
tice Taney Tan and during the inaugural ad address address address ¬
dress delivered from rom the cast portico porticosnow POrticosnow porticosnow
snow began to fall aU making the ceremony ceremonyuncomfortable ceremonyllncomt3rtable ceremonyuncomfortable
uncomfortable The Vice Presidentelect PresidentelectWilliam Pres1dentelectWiUlaDl PresidentelectWilliam
William R R King of Alabama was In InCuba InCuba inCuba
Cuba at the date of the inauguration Jnaugu tlon and andhe andhe andhe
he took the oath of office there being beingsworn beingsworn beingsworn
sworn in by b t United tl noted ted States Consul Rod Rodney Rodney Rodney ¬
ney on a plantation plAnt tloR near Matanzas There Therewas Tberewas Therewas
was no inaugural l08u ral ball on March 4 353 353It 1STIt 3 3It
It was during President Pierces admin administration administration adminIstration ¬
istration that Jefferson Davis of Missis Mississippi MississippI Mlsstssippl ¬
sippi held the office of Secretary of War WarFor WarFor WarFor
For the purpose of holding a proper In Inaugural Inaugural Inaugural ¬
augural ball b U in ISST l when Barnes ames Buch Buchanan Buchanan Buchanan ¬
anan of Pennsylvania took the oath of ofoffice oroffice ofoffice
office a special addition was erected to tothe totha tothe
the city clt hall h ll and the ht fcc h rr S s a held heldthere heldthere heldthere
there March 4 that year was a perfect perfectday perfectday perfectday
day so far as weather eatber was concerned concernedThe CoocernedThe concernedThe
The Vice President John C Breckinrldge Breckinrldgewas
was sworn in in n the United States Senate Senatechamber Senatechamber Senatechamber
chamber and afterward the oath of office officewas officewas officewas
was administered to President Buchanan Buchananby Bu Buchananby hanan hananby
by Chief Justice Ju tJco Taney who then pro proceeded proceeded proceeded ¬
ceeded to the east portico where he made madehis madehis madehis
his Inaugural address After this t 1s cere ceremony ese esemony e emon ¬
mony mon there was an elaborate eteborati bvt formal formalreception ormalrecepUon orrnaireception
reception at the White House HouseFcr HouseFor HouseFor
For the first time n the Wsb bls f v t of the thecountry thecountry thecountry
country the inauguration ef tt rJiento Jdentof Jdent bjentof
of o the United States became nlfl nlflcent uifl uiflcent 1fi 1fioent
cent display that Has ever a alb tr v eon continued eontinued eontinued
tinued in 1SS1 1SS1 at the tb begum be nr l111 t the thex
x
administration of Abraham Lincoln In lapreparation Inpreparation Inpreparation
preparation for the inauguration Mr Lincoin Lin Lincoln Lincoln ¬
coln started from his hlshoC1e home In Springfield SpringfieldI1L SpringfieldIll
Ill on February Febrwu U 11 accompanied by his hisfamily Illsfamily hisfamily
family and a large party of friends friendsamong friendspmong friendsamong
among which were his two famous tam us secretaries secre HCretaries
taries John Hay and John V Nicolay NkolayThese 1coIa 1coIaThese
These were troublous times and it was wasowing wasowing wasowing
owing to information which reached the thePresidential thePresidential thePresidential
Presidential party part that at Harrisburg HarrisburgPa
Pa the plans were changed and on the theevening theeenlnS theevening
evening of February 22 Mr Ir Lincoln ac accompanied ac accompanied accompanied ¬
companied only by Col E V Sumner Sumaerproceeded Sumnerproceoood Sumnerproceeded
proceeded to Philadelphia ln In a private privatecar privatecar privatecar
car They arrived in Washington the thenext tenext thenext
next day
Lincoln Was Orderly OrderlyThere OrderlTThert OrderlyThere
There was so muoh talk of danger to tothe tothe tothe
the person of Mr Lincoln that the inau inauguration Inauguratlon inauguration ¬
guration ceremony cerem ceremony ny en March 4 was wasmarked wasmarked wasmarked
marked with tense expectancy and not a alittle alittle alittle
little roar President Lincoln was driven drivento drivento drivento
to the Capitol to take the oath of office officesurrounded officesurrounded officesurrounded
surrounded by United States cavalry cavalryAlOOR cavalryAlong
Along Pennsylvania avenue avenue the line of ofmarch ofmarch ofmarch
march expert riflemen were stationed stationedon
on the housetops with Instructions to towatch towatch towatch
watch the windows of the houses along alongthe alongthe alongthe
the way and to shoot down Instantly Instant any anyone anyon anyone
one on who should point > a weapon toward towardthe towardthe towardthe
the President At the Intersections of all allthe anth9 allthe
the streets there t ere was a small guard of ofUnited oftnlted I
Tnlted States oavalry and a flying bat battery battery battery ¬
tery of artillery ready for action was wasstationed wasstationed i itatloned
stationed just north of the Capitol under undercommand undercommand I Icommand
command of Gee Scott ScottFor ScottFor
I
For the first time the inaageraUoa pro procession pro processlo procession ¬
cession was an orderly and wellplanned wellplannedspectacle wellplannedspectacle i ispfc
spectacle spfc le It was very large and strik strikingly 6trtkInsly strikingly ¬
ingly imposing one of its features t t1r S beteg betega
a large float representing the Constitu Constitution OeRstitutlon Ceustitulion ¬
lion and the Union At that time the theUnited theralted
II
United States numbered tWrtyfoer t and andthese andthese andthese
these were represented by thirtyfour thirtyfourTtt thirtyfourIttie
Ttt Ittlf > girls all 11 dressed in white Thesefollowed These Thesefollowed TAeselIowed II
followed lIowed the Presidentelect until he bed bedtaken badtaken
taken the oath of office which was ad admlnstered adminstered I
mlnstered for the last time by b Chief Justice Jus Justice J ¬
tice Taney after which Mr Lincoln Uacoiakissed Llncoinkissed Lincolnkissed
kissed each oneef one or the little girls ia white whitela whiteIa i
la the evening an inaugural ball was washeld washell i iheld
held in a structure erected for the purpose pur purpose ¬ i ipose
pose in Judiciary Square but b t on the ad advice i ivice ivice
vice of df t his friends President Id Dt Lincoln did didnot didnot j jnot
not attend attexlEents attendEvents j jEvents
Events moved quickly In the first four foaryears fouryears I Iyears
years of President Lincolns administra administration ac1mlailltratJon adminletralion ¬
lion tJon and when it came time for him to1 to1take to totake i iake
take the oath of office a second time the thecity tbel thecity
city of Washington was an armed gar garrison garrl garrison ¬
rison on Soldiers SoJ lers by the thousands t s thronged throngedthe t throngedthe rongecl rongecltbe
the streets Pennsylvania avenue was wasdecorated wasdecorated
decorated with the national colors and andalthough aDdalthough andalthough I
although there was a procession pr CeSS from fromthe fromthe frostthe
the White House to the Capitol PresidentLincoln President PresidentLincoln i iLIAColn
Lincoln WaR too bury bu at the Capitol to toride toride toride
ride with It He took the oath of office officefar officefor 1 1rer
far the second time in the United States StatesSenate StatesSenate i iSeate
Senate chamber the oath being adminis administered dmInlStere administered ¬
tered < by Chief Justice Chase after which whichPresident whichPresident whichPresident
President Lincoln read his inaugural Ina gural ad addrew addre address
drew dre from the east front of the Capitol CapitolPresident Capltot11 Capltot11President CapitolPresident
President Lincoln rode back with the theprocession theproceslon theprocession
procession from the Capitol to the White WhiteHouse WhiteHouse i
House and in the procession were car carriages carriages ¬
riages which bore Mrs Lincoln IJ 1n and carI the
children President Pres kl ent Lincolns Llnco ns carriage carriagefollowed carriagefollowed
followed that of his wife and then came camethe camethe j jthe
the carriages bearing the diplomatic
The Inaugural ball this year was washeld washeld washell
held on March rah 6 in the modelroom of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Patent Office Both the President
Mrs fr3 Lincoln attended attendedWith attendedWith attendedWith
With the shadow of President Lincolns
over the land Andrew John ¬
took the oath of office April 16 15 1S5S 1 1S5
were no ceremonies The oath of
was taken In Kirkwoods Hotel at
street and Pennsylvania avenue avenuenorthwest avenenorthwest avenuenorthwest
northwest which is now a part p rt of the
Hotel and there too the than
address was delivered and listened
by most of the members of Lincolns
and many of the noted public
of the time timeGrants timeGrants timeGrants
Grants Parade Brilliant BrllUantInauSUration BrilliantInauguration j jInauguration
Inauguration day ISSi 18was was another one j
those rainy and blustering days which
furnished an argument for changing I
date of the inauguration to a later latertime latertime latertime
time in the year Up to the last moment
Johnson was busily engaged I
at the Capitol In n signing bills and there therefore therefore therefore ¬
fore could not accompany Gen Ulysses u1 es S SGrant S SGraJit SGrant
Grant In the procession rocesslon from the White WhiteHouse WhIteHow WhiteHouse
House But it was none the less re resplendent re resplendent
1 splendent because of this Following thecarriage the thecarriage thecarriage
j carriage In which rode Gen Grant came camethe camet camethe
the t e justices of tha Supreme SU reme Court Sena Senators Senaterti Lenatore
tore Senatorselect justices of the Court Courtof Courtof Courtof
of Claims and of the Supreme Court othe of ofthe o otile
the District of Columbia and hundreds hundredsof
of other officials who at previous precious inaugu inaugurations inauguratlons inaugurations ¬
rations had waited at the Capitol to re receive re receive recelve ¬
ceive the new President The oath of ofoffice ofomoe ofoffice
office was as administered by Chief Justice JusticeChase JusticeCase JusticeChase
Chase in the Senate chamber and Horace HoraceGreeiey Hora HoraGreeley HoraceGreeley
Greeley occupied a seat In the press gal gallery gallery gallery ¬
lery during the ceremony Vice Vfc PresidentSchuyler President PresidentSchuyler PresidentSchuyler
Schuyler Colfax of Indiana took his hisoath hiscatll hisoath
oath and made his address and then thenPresident thenPresident thenPresident
President Grant proceeded to the east eastfront lastfront eastfront
front of the Capitol where he made his hisinaugural 1ili5IAa hisinaugural
inaugural IAa gural address addr ss In the evening a agrand agraDd agrand
grand Inaugural ball was given in the thenorth theDOrth thenorth
north wins of o the Treasury Department DepartmentbelJdlgg Departmentrig
rig befldtegFor belJdlggFor rigFor
For the second inauguration of Grant Grantgreat Grantgreat Grantgreat
great preparations had been made ma but butthese butthese butthese
these were considerably disrupted dmJp d by rea reason reaSOR reason ¬
son of the fact that March 4 4 1S73 73 + 3 turned turnedout turnedOtIt turnedout
out to be the coldest of all inaugurationdays inauguration inaugurationdays Inaugurationdays
days before b tore or since The thermometer thermometershowed thermometeriho thermometershowed
showed iho ed 4 degrees above zero ero In the morn mornlag mornIng morning
Ing There was a great wind blowing blowingand b1owlngaDd blowingand
and at no time of the day da did It get getwarmer getwarmer getwarmer
warmer than 20 degrees above A feature fea feature ea eat1lr ¬
ture of this Inauguration Is the fact that thatthe thatt thatthe
the t e chair used by George Washington at athis athis athis
his first Inauguration had been sent over overfrom overfrom overfrom
from New York for the use of President PresidentGraDt PresidentGrant
Grant and was placed in the east e st portico porticoof portieoof porticoof
of the Capitol It was at this lI1flUgura lI1flUguraUon Inauguration
I
Uon that fireworks first became a feature featuree featureI featuret featureof
e t the celebration The Inaugural bell bellwas banwas bailwas
was held in a a special building in Judici Judiciary Tudlclary Judiciary ¬
ary Square It was a frame structure structureuaheated structuru structureunheated
unheated u eated and the weather was such that thatthe tbetthe thatthe
the champagne froze in the glasses and anditbft andth andthe
itbft th the men danced in their overcoats and andladles andladles andladies
ladles in furs fursThe fuis fuisThe fursThe
The Inauguration of 1S l 1S7 i was an uneasy uneasyone lIneasyODe uneasyone
one There was too much doubt and andspeculation andspeculation
speculation 8 Uon IP the th air to make the occa occasion occaMoB occasio ¬
MoB sio one o e for great public rejoicing Ruth Rutherford Rutllerfor4 Rutherford ¬
erford B Hayes yes of Ohio had succeeded succeededta
ta the Presidency by the decision of an anelectoral anelectoral anelectoral
electoral commission eomm sion appointed by the theparty theparty theparty
party of which he was the choice and andthe andthe andthe
the uneasiness over his Inauguration was wasI wassltared wasshared
I shared by b his predecessor Gen Grant GrantThe GrantThe
The result was that Mr Hayes was se secretly secretly C CcreUy ¬
cretly sworn in as President of the United UnitedStates 1nltroStates UnitedStates
States on Saturday March 3 3 That evening even evening ¬ I Ilag
ing a dinner was given by President PresidentGrant Presld PresidentGrant t tGraAt
Grant and it was just before this dinner dinnerthat dinner dinnerthat dinnerthat
that the oath of office was administered administeredby
by Chief Justice Waite Ceremonies Cer monles were wereheld wereheW wereheld
held at the Capitol on Monday Mond Y March 5 5and 5 5aDd s sand
and here again Mr Hayes took the th oath oathas oathas oathas
as President In the evening there was atorchlight a atorchlight a atorchlight
torchlight procession but no Inaugural InauguralbalL In inauguralball uSral uSralbaiL
balL A reception was held by the President Presi President Preident ¬
dent In Wfllard HalL HalLGarflcld HaILGarile1d HallGarfield
Garfield Had First Escort EncortThe EscortThe EscortThe
The ceremonies incident to the Inaugu Inauguration 1nauguration inaugnration ¬
ration of James JamesA A Garfield of Ohio wero weroof Weroof wereof
of practically y the same character as they theyhave theyhave theyhave
have been at all inaugurations since that thattime thattime thattime
time The Presidentelect and PresidentHayes President PresidentHayes PresklentHayes
Hayes were escorted from the White WhiteHouse WhIteHocce WhiteHouse
House to the Capitol by one division of oftroops oftroops
troops commanded by Gen W T Sher Sherman Sherman Sliernine ¬ I
man which was contrary to the customwhich custom customwhich I Iwhich
which had hitherto hl rt prevailed pre alled of having havingthe basingthe i I iI
the whole cortege follow In the wake of ofthe ofthe I
the President to and from the CapitoL CapitoLThe CapitolThe I IThe
The oath of office was administered to toPresident toPreldent toPresident
President Garfield In the Senate chamber chanioorand chambfrand chamberand
and after delivering his Inaugural address addressthe addressthe addressthe
the new President turned and kissed ed his hismother hismother is ismothlr
mother and wife who were seated close closebeside dosebeside closebeside
beside him The party then proceeded procee ed In Inregular Inregular inregular
regular parade to the White House That Thatnight Thatnight Thatnight
night the city cft wag illuminated with a abrilliant abrfllant abrilllant
brilliant display of fireworks and an In Inaugural Inaugurat Inaugural ¬
augural ball was held in the then unfin unfinished unfinished unfinisbed ¬
ished building buf1dln of the National Museum MuseumOn useuI11 useuI11On j jOn
On the morning of September 39 to lSSli lSSliVice 1S1 1S1VIce IsSi IsSiVice
Vice President Chester A Arthur was at athis athis athis
his home 1S3 Lexington avenue New NewYork NewYork NewYork
York when he was officially notified of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the death of President Garfield at the thehand theand theband
hand of the assassin 3Sca5sn Gulteau Justices JusticesT JusticesTR J JR j jR
R R Brady and Charles Donoghue of the theSupreme theSupreme
Supreme Court nurt of New York Mr Ellhu EllhuRoot EUhuRoot ElihuRoot
Root exCommissioner French Fren Samuel SamuelG
G Rollins and Allen D Arthur son of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Vice ce President Pnlsl ent were In attendance attendancewhen attendancewhen
when he took t the oath of office adminis administered administered ¬
tered by Justice Brady Afterward Mr MrArthur MrArthur
Arthur left at once on e for to Washington and andon andon
on Thursday September 22 22 President Ar Arthur Arthur ¬
thur again took toCk the oath of office admin administered adminIstered ¬
istered by Chief Justice Wrote The cere ceremony ceremony ¬
mony took place In the Vice Presidents Presidentsroom Presidentsroom esIdents esIdentsroom
room In the Senate and two former Pres Presidents Presents ProsIdents ¬
idents ents Gen Grant and Mr Hayes were werepresent werepresent werepresent
present presentFor i
For the first time In the history of thc thcInauguration th thInauguration theInauguration
Inauguration ceremonies the United States StatesPension StatesPension
Pension Office was used for the Inaugural Inauguralball IDuguralbait inauguralball
ball In 1SS5 at the Inauguration of President Presi President ¬
dent Cleveland The return of the Demo Democrats Democrats Democrats ¬
crats to power was the signal for elabo elaborate
rate ceremonies and hosts of military and andcivic andcivic
civic organizations o nlzatIons and plain citizens citizensflocked citizensflocked
flocked to Washington from all allover over the theUnited theUnited
United States to witness the Inaugura Inauguration Inaugurntlon Inauguration ¬
tion The Th chief marshal rshal of the Inaugural
WHItE HOUS AousE 1909 J
0
If
parade was 8 Gen Slocum and at the head headof headot headof
of a troop of tegular cavalry he escorted escortedthe escortedthe escortedthe
the President and the Presldestelect to tothe tothe tothe
the Capitol where before the ceremonies ceremoniesbegan ceremonlesbegan ceremoniesbegan
began President Arthur performed his hblast hislast hislast
last official ot clal act signing a bill retiring retiringGen retlrin retlrinGen retiringGen
Gen Grant with the rank of general la lathe Irt1 Intile
the t1 e evening there was an elaborate dis display dbplay display ¬
play of fireworks and the inaugural ball ballwas ballwas ballwas
was the scene of an enormous crowd crowdMore crowdrore crowdMore
More rore than 8000 persons were werein in the build building buildtng building ¬
ing at one O ne time while hfle outride of the Pen Pesslon Ptmslon Pension
slon Office an enormous crowd of o well weHbred weRbred wellbred
bred people waited until some of thedancers the thedancers t e
dancers departed so that they might get getIn getIn
In President Cleveland Cle d attended the ball ballbut banbut ballbut
but did not dance danceVeteran danceeterans danceVeterans
Veteran eterans with Harrison HarrisonThe HarrisonThe HarrisonThe
The Inauguration of 1SS3 which saw the theOffice theoffice theOffice
Office of Chief Executive taken by Ben Benjamin BenjamIn Benjamin ¬
jamin Harrison of Indiana chanced up upon aspon p pon ¬
on another disagreeable and uncoiafert uncoiafertable uncomfertable uncomfortable
able day The rain was falling In to torents tor torrents torrents
rents The Presidentelect was escorted escortedto escort d dto
to the Capitol from the White House by byhis byhis byhis
his old command during durin the civil war the theSeventieth theSeventieth theSeventieth
Seventieth Indiana Mr Cleveland and andhis andhis andhis
his successor drove from the White House Housato Houseto 1 1to
to the Capitol In an open carriage with withan withan withan
an umbrella over them Senators Hear Hearand Hgarand M Mand
and Cockrell rode with them Senator SenatorHoar SenatorHoar
f
Hoar tried to raise an umbreHa bet betbroke butbroke t tbroke
broke it it and Mr Cleveland Cle eand borrowed borrowedone borrowedone borrowedone
one from Secretary Fairchllds Falrc llds of his hisCabinet hisCabInet hisCabinet
Cabinet calling out as the carriage drove droveaway droveaway droveaway
away We e are honest folk We win re return re return return ¬
turn it Once more the inaugural ball ballwas ballwas ballwas
was held at tile ute Pension Office Omce the guests guestsnumbering guestsnumbering guestsnumbering
numbering over 12600 Prior to the baH sbrilliant s abrilliant sbrllUant
brilliant display of fireworks was held In Inthe inthe Inthe
the lot surrounding the Monument MonumentIt
It was again wretched weat weather er ia Jawhen J898 J898when l 3L 3Lwhen
when President P e tfdent < Cleveland nd was maagnrat maagnrated Inaugurated
ed for the second time During the night nightof nightor nightof
of March 8 snow fell heavily and on oaMarch onarch onMarch
March arch 4 the steady downfall of snow snowturned snowturned snowturned
turned to rain and the streets were a amass amass amass
mass of slush and mud It was dangerous danger dangerous dangerous ¬
ous weather for exposure and a large largenumber 1ueDumber largenumber
number of o deaths occurring ngsoon soon after afterthe afterthe afterthe
the inauguration were traceable to the theceremonies thecereIK theceremonies
ceremonies cereIK > nie The oath of office this thisU1e thisU1ewas time timewas timewas
was administered by Chief Justice Ful Fuller Fuller Fuller ¬
ler Among those who braved bra ed the storm stonaand st stormand rm rmand
and listened to the inaugural address at atthe atthe atthe
the east portico of the Capitol was Mrs MrsCleveland MrsCleveland MrsCleveland
Cleveland Afterward the President stood stoodfor soodfor stoodfor
for three hours in a stand in front t of the theWhite theWhite theWhite
White House reviewing troops and DCl the thevarious theirfous thevarious
various civic and military organizations organizationsthat org organisadonsthat mlud ns nsthat
that marched by The Inaugural baH baHwas baHwasa wasa was wasa
a notable one and was held 4a the Pen Pension Pension Pension ¬
sion Office O 1ce 1ceTt < rf T
The Tt biggest bgge and perhaps rhaps the most en enthusiastic enthusiastic n nthuslastic ¬
thusiastic inauguration ceremony ap to tothat to tothat tothat
that time was that held ia 18K when whenwniiam w whenWilliam en enWll1lam
William McKInley of Ohio first took the theoffice t tomce theoffice
office of President PresIdent of the United States StatesThe StatesThe StatesThe
The progress from the White House Hou tar tarthe tQthe tothe
the Capitol and back again was Ia the thenature thenature thenature
nature of o a triumphant procession pr essIo1L The ThePresidential DtePrt ThePresidential
Presidential Prt sldA1t1al carriage was escorted by the thefamous afamous thefamous
famous volunteer cavalry organization organlzaUouTroop organizationTroop organizationTroop
Troop A A of Cleveland Ohio The car carriage carriage carriage ¬
riage contained President McKinley ex exPresident QXdent axPresident
President dent Cleveland Senator Sherman Shermanand S Shermanand ennan ennanand
and Senator S nator Mitchell of Wisconsin Be Behind Be Behind Behind ¬
hind the carriage followed tono ed the Twenty Twentythird Twentythfrd i ithird
third Ohio the regiment which ch McKinley McKisleybad McKmt McKmtbad McKinleyhad
bad led during the civil war Prominent Pretninatin
in the ceremonies this thi day were Senator SenatorJohn S SJohn SenatorJohn
John Sherman Shenn who had just j st been nett netthated nosl noslnated DOmInated
nated for the post of Secretary of State Stateand Stateand Stateand
and Garret A Hobart the newly elected electedVice eiectedVice electedVice
Vice President who did net live ltve to see seethe seethe e ethe
the end of the administration Reich w began be began 1te 1tegan ¬
gan so auspiciously During the t l adminis administration adadalstraUou administration ¬
tration of the oath of office by Chief 3 Jus Justice J4Istlce s stice ¬
tice Fuller Mrs McKinley YeKin1e the aged agedmother agedmetber agedmother
mother of the President sident sat close by y Ms Msside hisside 5 5side
side
McKinley in the Snow SnovrThe SnowThe SnowThe
The second Inauguration of President PresidentMcKinley PrcsM PrcsilillmtMcKinley Rt RtMcKInley
McKInley was another wretched day 00 00sleet end endsleet andsleet
sleet and snow beat upon the upturned uptaraedface u uface upturnedface
face of the President as he took the t e oath oathof tit titof
k kof
of office On the way to the Capitol Soon Swator SIIDator Soontor
tor Mark Hanna rode by the Presidents Presidentsside Presidents Presidentsside s slde
side lde Theodore Roosevelt took the oath oathof ounot i iof
of office as Vice President In the Senate Senatechamber Senatechamber Senatechamber
chamber and made a brief address Mrs MrsRoosevelt MrsRooseelt MrsRoosevelt
Roosevelt and the children were present preseatas pre preas
as was Mrs McKinley who was escorted escortedand egCOtt escortedand d dand
and cared ed for by Gen Corbin In the pa parade parade parade ¬
rade from the Capitol to the White Hoecthere Hotsee Hotseethere Bottathere
there was for the first time representa represedtation representation ¬
tion from an American dependency This Thiswas Thiswas Thiswas
was a battalion of darkskinned Porto PortoRIcan PortoRican
RIcan soldiers In Uncle Sams uniform uniformThe unlfcmnThe unifor n r rThe
The ball was held in the Pension building buildingVice buildingVice
Vice President Roosevelt presided pre tded over overbut om overbut
but one session of the Senate the extra extraone extraone extraone
one following the sad cd Inauguration of ofPresident ofPresIdent ofPresident
President McKinley When the Senate Senateadjourned t Iadjourned
adjourned Mr Roosevelt went w nt to his hishome hisborne
home in New York for the summer and andwas andwas
was In the woods on a hunting expedition expeditionwhen expeditionwhen
when he was summoned to Buffalo by bythe bythe
the news of President McKlnleya asassinatlon assas assassination sas ¬
sination On September 14 President Mc McKInley McKinley tc tcKInley ¬
KInley died died and that afternoon DlrRoosevelt Mr MrRoosevelt
Roosevelt took the oath of office and an assumed as assumed assum ¬
sumed sum the duties dutiesOn dutiesAn
On June 23 23 ISOi 1904 Mr Roosevelt was wasunanimously WaSuna1Imou a aunanimously
unanimously una1Imou ly nominated for President Presl ent and andthe andthe andthe
the following November was elected The Thesecond Thesecond Thesecond
second inauguration on March 4 4 365 365saw 1ecS 1ecStaw l65saw
saw beautiful weather although there therehad therehad therehad
had been a gale a day or two previous previousPresident 1rcvIo1SPresident previousPresident
President Roosevelt led the inaugural inauguralparade Inauguralpaade Inauguralparade
parade from the Capitol to the White WhitaHouse Whlt WhiteHouse
House TEe Presidents Pr carriage was fol followed followed to tolowed ¬
lowed by that of Vice President Fair Fairbanks Fairbanks Fairbanks ¬
banks and the th members me111b n of the Cabinet CabinetThe CabinetThe CabinetThe
The way was cleared by Maj Sylvester Sylvesterand Sylvesterand Sylvesterand
and a platoon of mounted police and andImmediately andimmediately t timmediately
Immediately preceding the Presidents Presidentscarriage Presidentscarriage
carriage marched mar ed Squadron A of the Na National Natlonal National ¬
tional Guard of New ew York The Press Pressdent President Presdent ¬
dent stood in the carriage during nrlng most mostof mostof
of the journey bowing to the throng throngwhlrb throngwhirl
whirl lined line the marching route The pa parade parade ¬
rade was Vi S notable through the presence presencein presencein
in It of a battalion b ttn1ton of Philippine PhlUP in Scouts Scoutsand Scoutsl1nd Scoutsand
and a body of Porto Rican troops The ThePresident ThePresident ThePresident
President made a very brief Inaugural Inauguraladdress tnau1m1laddress inauguraladdress
address from the east portico of of the Capi Capitol Cap1tol Cap Capto ¬
tol to after the oath of office bad been ad administered adminIstered administered ¬
ministered to him by Chief Justice Ful Filler Fuller Fuller ¬
ler As soon as he closed his address addressSenator addressSenator d s sSenator
Senator Lodge who stood by him threw threwan threwnnovercat threwan
an nnovercat overcoat around his shoulders At Atthe Atthe Atthe
the conclusion of the ceremonies at the theCapitoi theCaptol theCapitol
Capitol the President and Vice President PresidentFairbanks PruldentFaJrbanks PresidentFairbanks
Fairbanks went at inca to the White WhitsHouse WhiteHouse WhiteHouse
House where an informal infoz ni reception waa waaheld waaheld waaheld
held The inauguration In ugurat1onbaU ball was held h d at attie atUe
tie t1 Pension building and was attended attetdedby attendedby
by Mr Ir and Mrs Roosevelt Mr and Mrs MrsFairbanks
Fairbanks and most of the society lead 1eaders
ers of Washington besides 1 sl es prominent prominciisociety i
society aocle people from many other dUal cl dUalp
p

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