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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, November 20, 1910, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1910-11-20/ed-1/seq-5/

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Jl1rW WAbUlJNliJLON Abtll ItJ xon ON HERALD I bUW4 bUN JJAf > Ay AyI j nuvar i U V 1iJHEJt axx 20 ltJ inau JO
SNAPppy u APJPED I 1 1 BY D IHE jnNs JEW L1 Y iL MAMS AN S I CAME CAMEMEETING AME AMEu AMEMEETING 7 JL 1SIL S
MEETING OF THE HOUSE HOUS OF GOVERNORSC GOVERNORSI GOVERNORS GOVERNORSITS GOVERNORSITS C
J JI
I I
I ITS SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPORTANCE
GOVERNORS AT CONFERENCE IN INWASHINGTON 0 0WASNtNGTON
WASHINGTON M N JANUARY
A new idea in American politics politicsaiming politicsaiming politicsaiming
aiming to promote uniform legislation legislationon
on vital questions to conserve state staterights staterights staterights
rights to lessen centralization to se secure secure secure ¬
cure a fuller freer voice of the people peopleand peopleand peopleand
and to make a stronger nation nationBy nationBy nationBy
By CHARLES N LURIE LURIEN LURIEIN
N the words ords quoted above is sound sounded sounded > > und undcd ¬
IN ed the call to the American peo people people peopie ¬
ple to give heed to the coming comingmeeting comingmeeting comingmeeting
meeting of the governors and the thegovernors thegovernors thegovernors
governors elect of the states at Frankfort Frank Prankfort Frankfort
fort Ky K Nov oo 28 9 and in Louisville LouisvilleNov LoulsvUlaXov LouisvilleNov
Nov 30 to Dec 3 Not only should the thethinking thethinking thethinking
thinking American follow the report reportMor reportof
of the deliberations of the meetings as asbrought asbrought asbrought
brought to him by tha pre pr prs0ss s but he heshould heshould heshould
should endeavor to grasp the signifi significance sign signlfleance 1ft 1ftcanc ¬
cance canc of or othe the conference confer nB and oS o oftbe IhS subsequent sub subsequent ¬ i iB
sequent B quent annual gatherings and to fixin fix fixIn fixin
In his mind their new place in the thescheme thescheme
scheme 5 < heme of American government governmentA
A body without power save that ofrecommendation of ofrecommendation otrlcolmnendaUon
recommendation to the legislatures le llatures yet yetthe yetthe yetthe
the only practicable method of coop cooperation cooperation cooperation ¬
eration by the states of the Union in inthose Inthose inthose
those matters which require concerted concertedaction concertodadionuch concertedactionsuch
action adionuch such is I the house of governors governorsIts goyernorsIts governorsIts
Its primary purposes purpo es are first the institution in institution Institution ¬
stitution of personal per nal association IlS OClation and andcontact andontllet andcontact
contact of the governors second en enabling enabllng enabling ¬
abling them individually and their theirstates thalrtates theirstates
states to profit by one anothers experl experlerces experleres experierees
erces in directing state affairs aft airs third thirdadvancement thirdadvancement thirdadvancement
advancement of the cause of uniform uniformlegislation unitormItsislation uniformlegislation
legislation where such legislation is isdeemed Isdfcmed isdeemed
deemed desirable by united state ac action action action ¬
tion where United States action has hasfailed hasfailed hasfailed
failed and must fail because of con const conI constitutlonal ¬
st itutional I > limitation of power
There is also the combating of the theidea theIdea theidea
idea of centralization but it should be beunderstood beunderstood beunderstood
understood clearly cleart that there is no nosuggestion nosUIr nosuggestion
suggestion sUIr Stlon of antagonism toward the thefederal thefederal thefederal
federal government The spheres of ofnational otnational ofnational
national and state action are separat separated ¬
ed by the constitution and must re remain remain remain ¬
main separated if the provisions of the theconstitution theCOnliltltutlon theconstitution
constitution are to be observed The Thefather Thefather Thefather
father of the house of governors plan planWilliam planWnUam planWilliam
William George Jordan who Is the thepermanent th thpermanentsocretary thepermanent
permanent permanentsocretary secretary of the house housestates housestates housestates
states this last named purpose of th thconferences thconter tht thtconferences
conferences conter nces thus The states are called calledupon cattedupon calledupon
upon through the house of governors to togive togive togive
give heed to the lapse of state rights rightsand rllntsand rightsand
and powers consciously or unconscious unconsciously ¬
1 ly abrogated abrogatedRemedy abrogatedRemedy abrogatedRemedy
Remedy Sought SoushtFor For Evils EvilsRights EvilsRlg1U1 EvilsRights
Rights and powers powerk duties and re responsibilities r rsponslblUtiea responsibilities ¬
sponsibilities belonging legally and andmorally andn10rally andmorally
morally to the states have been per permitted lSermltted permitted ¬
mitted to lapse through the neglect of ofthe otthe ofthe
the states themselves It is to alter alterthis alterthis alterthis
this state of affairs and to effect effectcure a acure acure
cure of some of the evils from which whichwe whichare
we 0 are suffering sutreringeUs evils which can be beremedied beremedied beremedied
remedied only onl through the action of the thestate thostate thestate
state governments working in harmony harmonythat harmonythat harmonythat
that the houso of governors will be becalled beealled becalled
called upon to lend its collective wis wisdom wisdom wisdom ¬
dom domThojederal domThofedoral domThe
Thojederal The oderal constitution was ratified ratifiedby ratUiodby ratifiedby
by the thirteen original states and has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been indorsed by b the thirtythree thirtythreewhich thirtythreewhich thirtythreewhich
which have since entered the Union UnionArizona UnionArIzona UnionArizona
Arizona and New Mexico are not yet yetfull 3otfutt yetfull
full fledged states Each state is an anIndependent anIndependent anindependent
Independent commonwealth with sov sovereign sovorelgn sovoretgn ¬
ereign powers within its own bounda boundies boundales
1 ies The powers conferred by the
town and other coast towns but the themajority themajority themajority
majority of them call Gloucester their theirhome theirhome theirhome
home homeFor homeFor homeFor
For four centuries without a break breakthe breakthe breakthe
the men of the Atlantic coasts of Eu Europe Europe Europe ¬
rope and America have taken fish from fromthe tromthe fromthe
the waters oft the coast of Newfound Newfoundland NewCoundland Newfoundland ¬
land and adjacent territories No oth other othar other ¬
er industry in America can boast of so
GOVERNOR GOVERNORDlEti DOVE RNOe RNOeAOLEc0
AOLEc0 DlEti a
JC8TRAUS9 f fi fif
< <
f i +
>
g s < f
I
GOVERNOR GOVERNORANSEIIst 6VERNORiNm
ANSEIIst iNm Sc
states on the federal government governmentwhich governmentwhich governmentwhich
which stands therefore ther Cor toward the thestate Utestate thestate
state governments in the relation ofcreature of ofcreature otcreature
creature to creators are those only onlywhich onlYwhich onlywhich
which are explicitly and expressly c pr Ssly con conferred conferr conferred ¬
ferred ferr d on It and are not reserved to the thestates theststes thestates
states themselves They are seventeen seventeenin Qent en enIn
in number carefully carou11 enumerated and anddefined anddoftned anddoflned
defined Any action by the federal government gov government govornment ¬
ernment outside of these restricted restrictedpowers restrIctedpowera restrictedpowers
powers is J extra legal and illegal andwilt and andwill andwilt
wilt not bear test before the United UnitedStates UnitedState UnitedStates
States supreme court the interpreterand interpreter interpreterand interprtlerand
and guardian uardllLn of the constitution constitutionPower constitutionPower constitutionPower
Power of the GovernorsAs Governors GovernorsAs GovernorsAs
As stated above the power of the thegovernors thegovernor thegovernors
governors is that of recommendationsolely recommendation recommendationsolely recommendationsolely
solely but that recommendation would wouldhave wouldhavo wouldhave
have vastly more power If indorsed by bythe bythe bythe
the united action of the state execu executives eocutives executives ¬
tives It is contended that only through throughcooperation throughcooperation throughcooperation
cooperation by the states functioningthrough functioning functioningthrough functioningthrough
through the state legislatures and actuated actu actuated actuated ¬
ated by the recommendations of the thegovernors thegovornors thegovornors
govornors can concerted state actionas action actionas actionas
as deemed necessary by the wisdom of ofthe ottho ofthe
the governors be made effective The Theneed Theneed Theneed
need of agreement and uniform laws lawson lawson lawson
on certain important matters such asdivorce as asdivorce asdivorce
divorce extradition e tradltlon of fugitives from fromjustice fromjustice fromjustice
justice life insurance and automobileregulations automobile automobileregulations automobileregulations
regulations Is conceded conc ded
HOSPITAL SHIP TO BE GOOD SAMARITAN SAMARITANOF
OF THE GLOUCESTER FISHERMAN
GOOD SAMARITAN of the seas isA Is Iswhat
1 what Massachusetts has plan plank planned plannod
A k ned to send out for the succor succorot succorof
A of its sons who meet with withdisaster withdisaster withdisaster
disaster on the waters of the great greatdeep greatdeep greatdeep
deep A floating hospital well equip equipjped equiped qulpfd
A jped fd to meet the emergencies of med medical medal ¬
ical cal al and surgical work among the fish fishermen ftshrmen fishrmen ¬
rmen has been recommended by Dr
long an ancestry During all these cen centuries centuries centuries ¬
turies men have reaped the harvest ofthe of ofthe otthe
the seas paying for it in many caseswith cases caseswith caseswith
with their lives and limbs Not a year yearin yearin ear earin
in all those 400 has passed without add adding addIng adding ¬
ing its quota to the ever lengthening lengtheninglist
list of the dead and maimed The Theperils Theperlts Theperils
perils of the sea are many In winter winterwhen winterI winterwhen winterwhen
I when much of the fishing Is done
L L Williams s surgeon In charge of ofthe otthe ofthe
the marine hospital In Chelsea It is isestimated Isestimated isestimated
estimated that the expenditure e of 520 20 O
000 for a schooner and supplies and an anannual anannual anannual
annual appropriation of 510000 10000 or 12 1
000 will cover the cost of sending relief reliefto reUefto reliefto
to these men who add much to the thewealth thewealth thewealth
wealth of the Bay State and are areworthy areworthy areworthy
worthy of this provision proi lon for their theirhealth theirhfA1th theirhealth
health and safety safetyThe safetyThe safetyThe
The Idea Is to have the work of thehospital the thehospital thehospital
hospital ship confined strictly to emer emergencies emergencios ¬
1
gencies Besides the crew needed to tonavigate tonavIgate tonavigate
navigate the vessel euel her complement Is Iato Isto Isto
to Include a physician necessarily skill skilled scllled skilled ¬
ed In surgical work and two nurses nursesTho nurSCTh nursesThe
The Th range proposed for her covers coversmany coversmany I
many leagues of water from th the near nearest n nearest ar arst ¬
est > st edge of the Georges bank about I
120 l O miles from Boston to the eastern easternedge pasternedge st6rn
edge of these banks about 3CO milesaway miles milesaway mitesaway I
awayAccording away awayAccording awayAc
According Ac ordlnS to the latest available fig figures figures ¬ i iur
ures ur 8 the crews of the Massachusettsfishing Massachusetts Massachusettsfishing i ifishing
fishing fleets number morq mor than 6000men 6000 6000men i
men and the average number out on onthe onthe i ithe
the banks engaged in the work of fish fishIng fishlog
Ing ranges from 1500 to 2000 These Thesemen Th Thesemen c cmen I
men bring In annually fish worth sev several St1YeraJ suveral ¬
eral millions of dollars Their ports are areBoston are areDuaton areBurton
Boston Gloucester Suleiu Snle t11elu u Province Pnh PiuirFcev e eI
v I
I UPPER PICTURE PiCTURECLEANING CLEANING FISH ON N A GLOUCESTER WHARFLOWER WHARF WHARFLOWER WHARFLOWER
LOWER PICTURE PICTURESCENE SCENE ON A FISHING SCHOONER
0 tlWIJLIAM Wi1LOA EDRGE GLRGEO G r QRG QRGOF
J lliPRDANtORIjINAroR QR A O RGINAIQR RGINAIQRLI
LI OF OF7HEHOUS THE HOUSE RF RFOV OF OFGOVERNORS GQVERLVQR 9URfl 0 0E F
GOVERNORS OV E NC1 + W Jam FAn b
PyO IIIQTQ Ta 1NORS RMFSt1C ER HI V 9 AMRrAN R 59 AS8
tQt T N
5
GOV RNOR NORRIS
MONT
pffiuc PJUL THOMPSON
Cannot Ca not the federal government at attend attend attend ¬
tend to those matters and apply theproper the theproper theproper
proper remedies by means of federal federallegislation foderal1Qgls1atlon federallegislation
legislation The reply is simply thatthe that thatthe thatthe
the central power may not legislate on onsuch onsuch onsuch
such matters without exceeding its itsrljfhta Itsrlght5 itsrights
rights as defined by the constitutionConstitutional constitution constitutionI constitutionConsUtutlona1
I Constitutional amendment may ma be sug suggested suggested suggested ¬
gested but the process of changing the thefundamental thetundamental thefundamental
fundamental law 1 a of the nation cannot cannotbe cannotbe cannotbe
be undertaken und rtaken tt t meat m t such cases C Ul6S and andneed andneed andneed
need not be undertaken when so w sim simple simple elmpie ¬
ple a plan as concerted state action to tobe tobe tobe
be procured through the action of the thehouse thehouse thehouse
house of governors Is available availablel availableGranted availableGranted
l Granted therefore ther tore that concerted concertedstate concertedstate concertedstate
state action is desirable de lrable how shall it itbe Itbe itbe
be obtained There is no provision In Inthe inthe inthe
the constitution for periodical meet meetings meetIngs meetings ¬
ings of representatives of ot the states statesIt statesIt statesIt
It may be urged that the senators rep represent rpresent represent ¬
resent the states They do so only on In Inrelation InreJation inrelation
relation to the federal legislation en enacted cnacted env envacted ¬
acted In pursuance of the objects ex expressly expressly expressly ¬
pressly enumerated in the national nationalpact nationalpact nationalpact
pact Taken collectively the senators senatorsara senatorsaN senatorsare
are only a a second chamber for the con consideration consideration consideration ¬
sideration of proposed laws law With the thehouse thehouse thehouse
house of Fvernors governors in active contlnu continuous contlnuou contlnuous ¬
ous ou operation we shall have a perfect perfectbicameral perfectbicameral perfectbicameral
bicameral or two chamber system congress con congress congreSS ¬
gress filling the need of national legis
Of all the perils of the fishing banks banksthat banksthat banksthat
that of collision with a a liner is the onemost one onemost onemost
most feared Collision is hardly the theword theword theword
word since the shock so frequently faLI fa fatal faL41 ¬
tal to the schooner invariably mortal mortalto
to the dory or smaller boat is hardly hardlyfelt hardl hardltelt hardlyfelt
felt by the leviathan of the seas The Thepreface Thepraface Thepreface
preface to the disaster comes with the thesettling thesettling thesettling
settling down of the fog which hides hidesall hIdesa1Ithlngs hidesall
all a1Ithlngs things even the sea from the lookout look lookout lookout ¬
out on the steamers bow and from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the man in the dory dor Then come the thehigh theblCh thehigh
high sharp steel prow of the liner linerlooming linerlooming linerlooming
looming out of the murk the rending rendingand rendingi rendingand
i and crashing of timbers and the im immersion Immerilon immerslon ¬
mersion in the Icy water followed In Intoo Intoo intoo
too many cases by crushing againstthe against againstthe againstthe
the side of the big vessel Such cases casesgenerally casesgenerally casesgenerally
generally mean death without hope ofrescue of ofrescue otrescuc
rescue rescueOther rescucOther rescueOther
Other accidents of the sea such as asfalls astaUs asfalls
falls on the schooners severe injuriesdue Injuries Injuriesdue Injuriesdue
due to cutting with the fish knives kniveswhich kniveswhich kniveswhich
which play so large a part in the busi business business business ¬
ness amputations of toes or fingers or orgreater orgreater orgreater
greater members made necessary by byfreezing b bfreezing byfreezing
freezing shocks due to long Immersion Immersionetc
etc fall within the province of thehospital the thehospital thehospital
hospital ship The captains of the fish fishing fishIng flshing ¬
ing schooners are amateur aIVateur physicians physiciansand physiciansand physiciansand
and surgeons in many cases and carry carrywith carrywith carrywith
with them remedies for the simple illswhich Ills Illswhich 1116whIch
which might befall their men But Butthey Butthey Butthey
they are helpless In severe cases and andthe andthe andthe
the hospital ship is to supply supp1 this need needLines needLines needLines
Lines are graven early on the facesof faces facesof facesof
of the women of Gloucester says sa s a amagazine amagazine amagazine
magazine writer The girl who mar marries marries marries ¬
ries a fisherman in her early twenties twentiestakes twentJetakes twentiestakes
takes more than even chances of being beinga
a L widow In her thirties Memorial day dayIn dayIn dayIn
In Gloucester < is unique In Its celebra celebration ce1ebration celebration ¬
tion of the terrible tax levied upon hu human human human ¬
man life by a human industry On Onthat Onthat Onthat
that midwinter day children cast flow flowers fiower5 flowers ¬
ers upon the freezing waters of ofGloucester otGloucester ofGloucester
Gloucester harbor harborone one child to each eachflower eachfiower eachflower
flower one flower for each victim ofthe of ofthe otthe
the sea during the preceding year Aft After After At t ter ¬
er the exercises in the harbor there is isa ismemorial isa
a memorial service at the city hallwith hall hallwith haUwith
with addresses reading rea lng the names of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the dead and prayers prayersIn prayersuIn prayersIn
uIn In the winter the fisherman mustfight must mustfight mustfight
fight to a finish flr lsh his battle with the ele elements elements elemeats ¬
ments for on the banks there Js no noharbor noharbor noharbor
harbor He must brave storms whichsweep which whichsweep whichsweep
sweep his decks with waves so high highthat highthat highthat
that even a seaman dares not estimate esti estimate estimate ¬
mate them and which roll his craft un until until until ¬
til the coals burning in the galley are arespilled arespl11ed arespilled
spilled upon Its roof and the common commonname common commonname commonname
name of all hie stores of food is hash hashHe hashHe hashHe
He struggles with the wheel in weather weath weather we th ther ¬
er that exhausts him In a a fifteen minute min minute minute ¬
ute shift and In the bitterest cold beats beatsIce beatsice beatsice
Ice from rigging and decks knowing knowingthat Imowlngthat knowingthat
that neglect means more flowers In the theharbor theharbor theharbor
harbor on Memorial day He rides out outwinter outwinter outwinter
winter gales ales at the end en of half a a mile milepf milept milepf
pf cable which it often takes a a full fullday funday fullday
day to hoIst aboard aboardWATTON aboardW aboardWALTON
WALTON W AIITON WILLIAMS
HENTUCHY lE pciq STATE Sri 1E CAPITOL
latlon and the house of governors rep representing repr representing ¬
resenting r entlng the relations of the states to toone toone toone
one another anothorSimplicity anotherSimplicity
Simplicity of the Idea IdeaGiven IdeaGhen IdeaGiven
Given annual meetings of the gov governors governors governors ¬
ernors what better engine of Inter Intercommunication Intercommunication intercommunication ¬
communication and interchange of o1Ideas ofideas otIdeas
ideas can be devised These broad broadminded broAdmmdcd broadminded
minded men will meet and will 111 djscuss djscussin dJscussInbarmon
in Inbarmon harmony the needs of their their eir states statesThey statesThey statesThey
They will talk over what has been done doneand doneand doneand
and is being done to solve > the prob problems problems problems ¬
lems common to all of the states and andthey andthe andthey
they the will reach bases of agreement agreementIt
It should be understood that uniform uniformity uniformIty uniformity ¬
ity of laws Is not the only purpose of ofthese ofthese ofthese
these governors meetings but that uni uniformity unlormlt uniformity ¬
formity ormlt of desire to enact the best laws lawsfor lawstor lawsfor
for each individual state is a desired desiredend desiredend desiredend
end Uniformity UnICormlt of laws Is neither desirabld de desirable desirable ¬
sirable nor desired In some instances instancesIt
It Is as as a clearing house of ideas on onstate onstate onstate
state government and as a medium of offriendly offriendly offriendly
friendly association of the state executives execu executives o8CUtlves ¬
tives hat the house of governors finds findsits findsits findsits
its highest expression expressionForomost expressionForomost expressionForemost
Foromost In the minds of the gov governors bO bOernors governors ¬
ernors at the coming meeting will be beno beno beno
no doubt the question of the conserva conservation conserItlon conservation ¬
tion of natural resources now much muchdiscussed muchdiscussed muchdiscussed
discussed and It probably will be one oneof oneot oneof
of the subjects of formal debate It is
The latter viewpoint Is that of or organized organIzed organized ¬
ganized charity the conclysion of wise wisethoughtful wisethoughtful wisethoughtful
thoughtful men and women who look lookfrom tooktrom lookfrom
from the t e granting qf of immediate relief reliefto reUeto reliefto
to the permanent uplifting of the men mendicant mendtcant mendicant ¬
dicant It is proved provedby prove by Investigation Investigationsay
say these sociologists that money given givenor
or the street does little real good It Itaids ItaIds Itaids
aids directly in the permanent pauper pauperization pauperhatlon pauperisation ¬ I
ization of the the he beggar It supplies him himwith himwith himwith
with the msrjis m rns ns of indulging vicious viciouspropensities viciouspropemdtles viciouspropensities
propensities andx and It wqrks an injuryto Injury Injuryto Injuryto
to the public by aiding in the dissemi dissemination dissemInation dissemination ¬
nation of the diseases with which these thesestreet thesestreet thesestreet
street solicitors soll tors of o aid are frequently
asserted by the advocates ado at s of state s te con conservation conservaUon eonservatlon ¬
servation that the subject of conserva conservai conservation conservation
j i tion must be considered from two view viewpoints viewpoints viewpoints ¬
points one presenting the duty and andright andrIght andright
right of the federal government to con conserve conscre conserve ¬
serve the resources of Its own proper property propert property ¬
ty t the other showing a similar duty dutyand dutyand dutyand
and right of the states in regard to totheir totheIr totheir
their natural wealth wl th and andythat ythat that of their theircitizens thalrcitizens theircitizens
citizens The vital interest of the thestates thestates thestates
states in this question is well evidenced evidencedby c1dencedby evidencedby
by the fact that fourfifths of thestanding the thestanding thestanding
standing timber of the country Is own owned owned owned ¬
ed by b private persons or corporations corporationssubject corporationssubject corporationssubject
subject to the jurisdiction of the states statesWith statcsWIth statesWith
With this fourfifths the federal governmont gov government gO gOernmont ¬
ernmont can have no direct relation relationship relatlonsblp relationship ¬
ship The same condition exists be between between betwoen ¬
tween the states and the owners of the thewater thewater
water rights the minerals etc etcThe eteThe etcThe
The problem of the conservation of ofthe Orthe ofthe
the greatest part of the countrys countr s re resources resources ¬
sources is solvable by the states and by bythe bythe bythe
the states only onl say the men who see seein
In the house of governors a a means of ofsalvation otsalvation ofsalvation
salvation for the Idea of a federal un unIon union
Ion challenged they assert by b the thetendency thetendency
tendency tendenc of a centralized federal gov government go government v ¬
ernment to enter upon the considera consideration conslderatltln consideration ¬
tion of matters with which It has no noproper noproper
proper concern concernThe concernThe
f The first business of the house of
WINTER MAKES ACUTE THE THEQUESTION THEQUESTION
QUESTION OF THE CITY BEGGAR
THAT shall we folks ot the thebit thebig
WTHAT big bit cities do with our leg Seggars teggars leggars
gars Or falling a satis satisfactory satisfactory satisfactory ¬
factory answer to this thisquestion thisQuestion thisquestion
question what shall we 0 permit our ourbeggars ourbeggars ourbeggars
beggars to do to us We are called calledupon cattodupon calledupon
upon to reply repl to one or the other of ofthese otthese ofthese
these queries especially at this season seasonof seasonot seasonof
of the year when mendicancy is on the theIncrease theIncrease theincrease
Increase In the big centers of popula population populatlon population ¬
tion tionA
A glance at the calendar supplies the thereason thet thereason
reason t ason Thanksgiving heralds the ap approach approach approach ¬
proach or perhaps emphasizes the ar arrival arrhal arrival ¬
rival of the winter and It also ushers ushersIn ushersin ushersin
In the anteholiday ante holiday season when the thethoughts thethoughts thethoughts
thoughts of all n turn to Christmas shop shopping shopping shopping ¬
ping and the streets begin to be filled filledwith fittedwIth filledwith
with buyers In the presence of throngs throngsin
in the city clt r streets lies the earnest of ofsuccess otsuccess ofsuccess
success for the beggars effortsThe efforts effortsThe effortsThG
The first breath of approaching win winter wInter winter ¬
ter In the fields and roads of the th rural ruralsectlona ruralsections ruralsections
sections turns turnsthe the thoughts of the thehomeless thehomeless thehomeless
homeless wanderer to the city It is iscold 15cold iscold
cold work tramping and the thought thoughtof
of the heated heat d if squalid cheap city cityJogging clt cltJ cityjgdging
Jogging J glng house is grateful to the recol recollection rec01leetlon recollection ¬
lection And too the city folk are areeasy areeasy areeasy
easy They will part with their hard hardearned hardearned hardearned
earned money without hesitation at the thesight thesight thesight
sight of distress real or simulated simulatedHerein simulatedHerein simulatedHerein
Herein lies the very crux of the themendicancy themendicancy themendicancy
mendicancy problem which is almost almostas
as old as the world itself and still ever evernew evernew evernew
new In its recurring phases Shall we wewe wewe wewe
we rre t re the persons of moderate cir circumstances elrcum circumstances ¬
cumstances cum stances to whom a dollar or its itsfraction itsfraction itsfraction
fraction represents real work and ef effort erfortIeld effortyield ¬
fort fortIeld yield to our praiseworthy charita charitable charitable charitable ¬
ble instincts and give without hesitation hesitationto
to the beggar who is obviously Incapac Incapacitated Incapacitated incapacitated ¬
itated by disease or deformity from fromearning fromearning CromarnlnS
earning his livelihood or shall all we pry pryand pryand pryand
and question and Investigate and probe probewhile probewhile probewhile
while the sufferer hungers and thirsts thirstsHuman thirstsHuman thirstsHuman
Human charity sends the hand unhesi unhesitatingly unhesitatingly unhesitatingly ¬
tatingly to the pocket or the purse Hu Human Human Human ¬
man wisdom bids us hesitate lest in ingiving ingiving ingiving
giving charity we work directly a areal areal areal
real injustice to the recipient and an anindirect anIndirect anindirect
indirect Injury to the public
afflicted Very seldom Indeed does the themendicant themendicant themendicant
mendicant retire on his earnings earningsOnce earningsOnce earningsOnce
Once a beggar always a beggar seems seemsto seemsto seemsto
to be the rule ruleTo ruleI ruleTo ruleTo
I
To aid In remedying this condition conditionthrough conditionthrough
I through which the charitable instincts instinctso
o the public are mace ma e the the Instrument Instrumentof
of perpetuating an undesirable state of ofaffairs ofaffairs i iaffairs
affairs the National Association For
the Prevention of Mendicancy and andCharItable andCharitable
Charitable Imposture has been estab established estabJlshed established ¬
lished with headquarters in New York Yorkand YorkI Yorkand
and with James Forbes as its perma permanent permantnt permanent ¬
nent secretary and director directorThe directorThe directorThe
The pictures printed herewith show showwhat showwhat showwhat
what the beggar of a large city Is and andwhat andwhat andwhat
what he may become if he evinces an aninterest anInterest aninterest
interest in the improvement of his own owncondlUolL owncondition
1 condition One of the pictures is that thati
i
GOVERNOR O OVERNOR lERNOR dYLLSON WILLSONKYl J
governors at the coming meeting tviilbe will willbe wmbe
be that of organization The commit committee committee committee ¬
tee of arrangements consists of Governor Gov Governor GO GOernor ¬
ernor WJHson of Kentucky Kentucky the host of ofhis ofhis
his fellow executives e ccutles Governor Ansel Anselof Anselot Anselof
of South Carolina and Governor Hadley Had Hadley Hadley
ley of Missouri Among the governors governorswho governorswho governorswho
who will deliver addresses addr ses before the theconference theconforence theconference
conference are Burke of North Da Dakota Da Dakota Dakota ¬
kota and Norris orrJs of Montana A budget budgetwill bUdgetwl1l budgetwilt
will bo adopted and the governors will willconsult wUlconsult willconsult
consult on the matter of asking thestates the thestates tbostates
states to appropriate the th money mone need needed needed needed ¬
ed to carry carryon on the permanent organisa organisation organlsaUon organisation ¬
tion of the house It will be assessed assessedIn
In proportion to the states Reputation ReputationThe POputationThe populationThe
The expenses will be small in compari comparison comparison comparlson ¬
son to the good to be gained Provi Provision ProIslon Prpvislon ¬
slon will be made for a permanent of office otfice offlee ¬
fice probably in New York The tint tintmeeting fir filtmeeting t tmeeting
meeting of the house of governors was washeld WIl9held washeld
held In Washington in January Januar 1110 ItiObut 1110but 1110but
but probably never again will there bw bea bt bta bwa
a a meeting In the national capital It Is Isproposed Isproposed Isproposed
proposed to hold the meetings in the thastate thestate thestate
state capitals in each of them in turn turnWilliam UJrnTl11iam turnWilliam
William Tl11iam George Jordan is the man manwho manwho manwho
who conceived this new idea in the theAmerican tkflAmerican theAmerican
American governmental system He Hemade H Hmade Hemade
made It public in a pamphlet issued in
1907 and it met with Instant favor Its Itssimplicity ItsslmpUclt Itssimplicity
simplicity and utility appealed to the thepublicists thepublicists thepublicists
publicists and they the gave to It their theirenthusiastic theirenthusiastic theirenthusiastic
enthusiastic indorsement Many of ofthem otthem ofthem
them have recorded their opinions oplnlo that tJiatit tJ1atIt thatIt
it supplied an essential heretofore heretoforemissing h heretoforemissing rot for formissing
missing part in the mechanism of our ourgovernment our ourgovernment o r rgovernment
government inadvertently omitted by bythe bythe bythe
the fathers The man to whom credit creditmust creditmust creditmust
must be awarded for remedying the de defect defect defect ¬
fect is a native and a resident of New NewYork Neworlt NewYork
York orlt city and an editor and author of ofhigh otnIgh ofhigh
high standing He has been connected connectedwith connected connectedwith connectedwith
with some of the countrys beat be bestknown bestknownperiodicals known tknownperiodicals knownperiodicals
periodicals and has written several severalbooks severalbooks severalbooks
books S Y
O > >
As He Is I As s He May y Be BeTHE BeTHE W
I
THE CITY CIT BEGGAR p
of a JNew ew York fork ork beggar gnawing at t 1crust tcrust tcrust
crust of bread picked up in the street streetin t5troeIn streetin
in the sight of passersby In order to ex excits exlb excite
cite lb pity and stimulate the giving of ofalms ofalms ofalms
alms The other is that of a man de deprived deprived deprived ¬
prived of one of his legs in a railroad railroadaccident raUroadaccident railroadaccident
accident and enabled through organ organised organed organired ¬
ised ed charity to set up in business for forhimself tothmsel forhimself
himself selling se1lln newspapers newspapersARTHUR newspapersARTHUR newspapersARTHUR
ARTHUR J BRItfTON

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