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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
Pages 1 to 8.
Pages 1 to 8.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY, JANTTAEY 1, 1911.
Large Part of Continent Is
Now Onder Water.
ENGLAND IS WATKR-IOGGED
Changes In the Snn nml Deforesta
tion of America Are Among
Causes Assigned by Scientist for
Unanimity Heavy Rains During
Fast Year Much Damnpe Done.
London, Dec. SI. It is a long time since
a year has closed with so fhuch of Eu
rope under water.
Kngland is water-logged, so much so
that farmers think that ttts soaked con
dition of the soil will seriour.ly affect the
nest harvest. France is iiT.ffering even
more. The Seine, Loire, :rd Dordogne
havo been in a chronic stain of flood for
weeks, and the streams that come down
from the hills have inundatfi large strips
of the narrow Riviera plain. Visitors to
the Azure Coast complain that it may
with more justice be cad the gray
coast. In Spain all the rivers trim the Ebro
in the north to the Guadalquivir in the
south have overflowed their banks, and
the latter river Is threatenirs Seville. In
Madrid they have had abnormal rainfall.
Newspaper cartoons represent the inhab
itants going about in diving dresses. The
Manzanares, an insignificant stream, is
now a raging torrent.
Italy is no better off. Washouts and
landslides have tied up several railroads,
and the swollen Po threatens the exposi
tion buildings at Turin. Thfl news to-day
from Switzerland is that a. strong folin
(warm wind) is blowing in the Alps and
causing dozens of avalantlies. It has
been raining practically without stopping
for the last week in all parts of Swit
zerland. Great IJamaKe Done.
Lakes and rivers have risen several feet
and much damage lias leen done to roads,
quays, and railroads. The Bernina route
is blocked by three large avalanches and
it win take weeks to cut through them.
In certain districts in Central Switzer
land the weather is so mild that people
go about their work in their shirt sleeves.
All Central Kurope is suffering from
excessive moisture, and the latest addi
tion to the flood news Is that the River
Dniper. at Kieff. Russia, has suddenly
risen twenty feet and that many river
craft have been wrecked and villages
have been .swept away. Xor is that alL
Heavy rains have interfered with the big
cricket matches in Sydney. Australia
where it ought to be dry. summery
weather. Advices from Bueno3 Ayres
say that the weather is "the same as in
London," which is nothing to boast
about. Colonists in West Africa report
that they have had six weeks' down
pour in the dry season, an unusual thing.
What does it all mean?
Sir Norman Lockyer. director of the
Solar Physics Laboratory, says that we
needn't look for much improvement un
til the year 1M3 has gone. He lays the
blame for the incessant rains upon
changes that are taking place in the sun.
These changes, he says, directly affect
the polar and equatorial regions and in
directly the middle latitudes. Dr. Lock
yer thinks there will be more and more
rain until 1913. and after that less and
Cumille Flammarion, the Paris astro nor
mer, is of the opinion that the present
bad weather is in a measure due to the
deforestation of America.
Barometer Pressure Loir.
This year the pressure of the barom
eter has been exceptionally low. and this
hap caused continuous west winds. These
winds from the Atlantic follow a course
which differs hut slightly from that of
the Gulf Stream formed in the Gulf of
Mexico. M. Flammarion continues:
"On reaching Europe the wind current.
loaded with vapor, encounters cold land
with water and thus Pali and Buddhist literature, is its presi
;cd in continuous rain. dtnt- and among the vice presidents is
it becomes condensed
These winds from the west frequently
touch the earth in America, rind it Is an
admitted fact mat they are sometimes
delayed, or even partially obstructed, by
the land surface and the forests and
plantations through which they can only
enforce a passage with difliculty."
This proves, according to M. Flam
marion, that the deforestation of Amer
ica is one of the causes of the increase of
tempests brought to Kurope from the
The most melancholy forecast is that
of Prof. Kruckner, president of the Geo
graphical Society of Vienna, who carries
his c-dculations back some 1.000 years.
He has construed a cycle of some thirty
five years during which a slow average
change in pressure, temperature, rainfall,
and winds takes place.
According to him. the last dry and
warm half cycle occurred from 1SS6 to
1902, and since then the weather has
gradually been deteriorating, though nor
mal periods may occur in either cycle.
Wo are now in the thick of the cold and
wet half cycle, and those who put their
faith In Prof. Rruckncr do not expect
anything much better till 1920
BEER DRINKING DECREASES.
Millions of Gallons Pnllinpr Off in
Berlin. Dec. 31. According to official sta
tistics, published last week, the con
sumption of beer in Germany Is rapidly
decreasing. During 1309 the consumption
diminished by 65,(00.000 gallons, or one
gallon per head of the population. Dur
ing the preceding year there had been a
diminution of nearly 70.000.000 gallons.
while during tho last decade there has
been a decrease of three galons per head
of the population per annum.
The decline in the brewing trade is
also revealed by the diminishing num
ber of breweries in Germany. In IMG
there were G.033; in 1907. 5,792: In 190S,
5,530, and last yoar. 4.7CS. During 1S09
alone there was thus a decrease of S72
The decrease in the consumption of
malt has been considerably greater than
is indicated by the diminution In the con
sumption of beer, thus showing that the
beer drunk in Germany becomes lighter
and lighter every year.
Kaiser Resigns Office.
Berlin. Dec 21. In' consequence of the
revolution In Portugal the German Kaiser
, has resigned .his rank as honorary colonel
In the Portuguese army. The propriety of
the step is obvious and Bismarck's' one
tlme'organ, the Haraburew "Nachrlchten,
makes It the text of an article calling on
tho Emperors of Germany, Austria, and
Eussia to lose po time in agreeing about
measures to prevent what the paper
terms the "revolutionary democracy"
weeping all three from their thrones.
DUELS OVER BALL ATTTRE.
Students Arrange Combats Because
of Faux Pas.
Vienna, Dec 31. One hundred and twen
ty-two duels have been arranged te.
tween students of the Law College, Gross-
wardem. in Hungary, and all because one
of their number had the. bad taste to ap
pear at a ball in a blue serge suit .and
yellow leather boots. The offender at
tended the recent congress of Hungarian
students at Klausenberg as representa
tive of the Grosswardeln Law College,
and the ball was one of the festivities or
ganized in connection with the affait.
When the Grosswardein students heard
that their representative had been guilty
of such a breach of etiquette a mass
meeting was held to discuss the O'lcstion.
Divergence of opinion regarding the prav.
Ity of the crime soon manifested Itself,
words gave way to blows, and before the
meeting dispersed 122 challenges to duels
were made and accepted.
PARIS GETS LOOK
French Capital Hears Pleas
for the Ballot.
Paris, Dec. 31. Less militant than the
English suffragettes, the French femin
ists march steadily forward. Women doc
tors, pharmacists, dentists, and barristers,
cabwomen, airwomen, and women bill
posters -have all lost their novelty.
The women architects of America and
Russia have had hitherto no French sis
ter, but Mile. Trelat has established a
new record by qualifying for the exercise
of this profession. She is, it Is true.
the daughter and granddaughter of emi
nent Parisian professors of architecture.
The learned assyriologists of tho In
stitute and College de France were some
what surprised to notice a golden haired
graduate at their severelv scientific lec
tures, but 11 lie. Genevieve Aeloeque.
standing fifth on a list of thirteen, has
been officially received as "archlvistc
palcographe" and will probably find em
ployment in connection with some of the
great public libraries.
Mile. Marie lj-neru's "Affranchis," pro
duced at the Odeon. has been received in
flattering fashion by theatrical critics.
Mile. Judith Ciautier's election to the
Academie Goncourt and Mine. Pierre
Curie's candidature for the Ac:ulcmy of
Sciences are two signs of the times which
are perturbing the conservative male
section of the institute, and they once
more raise the question of the admission
of women ti the Academie Francalse
A in tor Rrprlvex HnmUome
.London. Dec. 31. The vogue for charms
continues among women. Models in gold
of the coronation chair for next year ami
of th anointing spoon that has been
used at the coronation of Knglish sov
ereigns for centuries are especial popu
lar. There is also a great demand for fig
ures of King Kdward's dog Caesar mod
eled in china. The popularity that is en
joyed by this little ornamtnt Is only
equaled by the Blue Bird of happiness,
while miniature aeroplanes in gold are
sent to airmen: Grahame-White is said to
have received upward of fifty from
The suffragettes are to the fore in the
form of models fully dressed in the col
ors of the movement with little rounj
heads and banners that lear the motto,
"So vote, no taxes."
BUDDHISM CLAIMS CONVENTS.
London, Deec. SI. Buddhism has been
making great strides in Kurope this year.
The membership of the Buddhist Society
of Great Britain and Ireland is now
counted by hundreds, and branches have
been established in Liverpool and Edin
burgh. Prof. Khys Davids, the writer on
tne Kan oi .tiexnorougn. j ocoiusn con
vert to Buddhism, who Is now a monk
in Burma, is shortly coming to England
a.s first resident missionary.
Great progress luis also been made by
the German Buddhist Society, which has
two important press organs, in Leipzig
and Breslau. Buddhist propagandists
have been especially active in Hungary,
where five editions of Subhadra Bhikku's
Buddhistic catechism have been
Seven Anions Beauties
HELEN OF TROY.
The most famous of all the beautiful
women of ancient or modern times is
surely Helen of Troy. For S.OfX) years
she has been "the world's desire." Hers
Tho fare that launched a thousand ships.
And burned tho topics towers of Ilium.
. Tennyson's praise of her in "A Dream
of Fair Women" has furnished the lan
guage with one of Its most familiar quo
tations. The poet described ncr as
A daughter of tie sods, ditincly tall.
And niot divinely fair.
Her loveliness with shame and with surpric
Froze ray swift sjiecch: fhe turning on my face
The- star-like sorrows of immortal eyes.
Spoke slowly in, her place.
"I had great beauty; ask thou not .my name;
No one can bo more wise than destiny.
Many drew swords and died.
Where'er I came I brought calamity.
The legend of Helen of Troy has been
traced by scholars through many forms
in the languages and literatures of an
tiquity. Andrew Lang has written an
admirable book on the subject, which
may be profitably consulted by those
who are fascinated by tho personality of
the beautiful woman who caused the
She is said to have been the daughter
of Zeus and Leda, and the sister of
Castor and Pollux. Twice was she ab
ducted. In her youth she was carried
off by Theseus and Pirithous to Attica,
the capital of which was Athens. Her
brothers undertook an expedition to -lib
erate her. They captured Athens, in !the
absence of Theseus, and returned .with
Helen to Srjarata. with the mother of
Theseus as a prisoner and her slave.
Many noble chiefs from all parts of
Greece sought" her hand In marriage.
but she chose Menelaus as her husband.
According to the legend.. Parian ihe
son of Priam, Kins of Troy r wWwfny-;
mg mb s soepnera on Mount joa, was
DREAMED OF WRECK
Traveler on Ill-fated Ship
WASHED BY AN APPARITION
Testifying Before Board of Inquiry
Into Luu of Steamer Waratnh,
Which Went Down with All on
Board, Witness Says Life Was
Saved by Dream He Had.
London, Dec. SI. Those who hold that
dreams sometimes have significance will
have their belief strengthened by the
evidence given by one of the witnesses
at the board of trade inquiry into tho
loss of the steamship Waratah. now
being held in London. In July. 1909, the.
Waratah disappeared somewhere be
tween Durban and Cape Town, while on
a voyage from Melbourne to South Afri
can ports. She carried ninety-two pas
sengers and a crew of 119, and not a
trace of any one of them has since come
Claude Sawyer, the witness in question,
told how be booked a passage aboard tho
Waratah from Melbourne to Cape Town.
Soon after the voyage lKgan the be
havior of the ship raised doubts in his
mind as to her stability. She wabbled
about a good deal, listed to starboard
and took a long time to right herself.
He liad already made up his mind to
quit the ship at Durban, the first port of
call, when his perturbation was increased
by a dream he had one morning.
I'luwrncpr linn Dream.
In describing this dream the witness
said: "An extraordinary tigure, dressed
as I have never seen anybody dressed
befoie. Ciinie into my cabin and stood
before me brandishing a blood-stained
word. It vanished, and appeared again
and again, for the third time. Kach
time it was exactly the same, and 1 took
particular note of it and its extraordinary
it ess. ana me sworu an covere.i w mi
In the saloon at tea time I told my
dream to one of the ladies and asked
her if she could interpnsj it. She replied
that seeing a sword in a dream meant a
warning, and this strengthened my re
solve to leave the ship at the first point
she touched. I attempted to persuade
two ladies Mrs. and Miss Hay to leave
also when we arrived at Durban, but as
my protestations caused something of a
squabble between mother and daughter
aid no more about it and they went
"A second dream followed after this, a
few days before we arrived in Durban.
whole ship lying in a rough sea. Two
huge waves dashed over her. Then a
thu;d rolled up bigger than ever, and the
Waratah turned over and disappeared
"AVhen I arrived at Durban I took a
rUksha to the Marine Hotel, and from
the balcony there, on a perfectly calm
evening, I watched the Waratah's lights
disappear over the horizon as she
That was the last that was seen of
the Waratah from land.
DREADNOUGHT COST I0W.
Ilnttlc Ship Inriefntisrnhlr Is Cheap
est of Typo.
London, Dec. SI. The new cruiser-battle
ship Indefatigable, whose recent speed
trials indicate that she will prove the
fat-test cruiser in the world, Is the cheap
est ship of the Dreadnought type yet
built In a British yard.
A few months ago it was reported that
the British admiralty proposed to equip
one of the battle ships of the new pro
gramme with motor engines. The cur
rent issue of the Motor Boat now pub
lishes a statement to the effect that mo
tor engines for a battle ship are at pres
ent being constructed in Kngland
ANCIENT STATUE FOU
Drome Kicure May Date to Time of
Alexandria, Dec. 31. From Cairo comes
news of the discovery of a bronze sat
uette which may be of tho time when Jo
seph was sold into Egypt- It seems to be
the first discovered specimen of a Ilittite
deity executed in the round.
It represent a goddess standing upon
the back of a lion, whose, tongue is pro
truding and tail turned up. The goddess
wears the Cappadoclan or Ulttite stylo of
tiara and carries In her arms an infant
held to the breast.
chosen to award the golden apple, as
the prize of beauty, judging between
Juno, Venus, and Minerva. The god
desses accordingly appeared before him,
in their unadorned beauty, and each
offered him a bribe. Juno promised him
the sovereignty of Asia; Minerva prom
ised renown in war, and Venus prom
ised the most beautiful of women for
his wife. Paris decided in favor of
Venus, and gave her the golden apple.
The result was that Juno and Minerva
deeloped intense hatred of Troy, while
Paris, under the protection of Venus,
sailed for Greece and succeeded in carry
ing off Helen from Sparta to Troy.
Hence arose the confederation of the
Greck3 and the Trojan war.
So. many are the traditions concerning
her history after the destruction of
Troy that they cannot be reconciled.
Paris was killed during the siege, and
Helen married his brother. But after
the fall of Troy she became reconciled
to Menelaus. According to the Kgyptlan
legends, jss recorded by Herodotus, Helen
was never in Troy, hut remained in
Efrypt. while the woman known as Helen
of Troy was a simulacrum, du(T"to the
enmity of tho goddess who had singled
out Troy for destruction. Thus nearly;
five centuries before our era an attempt
had been made to relieve Helen of tho
odium of being an unfaithful wife. It
is worthy of mention here that German
scholarship has applied Itself to the
chronology of Helen's life, with the re
sult of bhowlng that she must have been
120 years old when she returned to
Sparta with her husband after the Tro
After Menelaus' death the women of
Sparta are said to have murdered Helen.
Much of the story of Helen of Troy Is
how said to be legendary, but the ancient
Greeks accepted It -as. history. Homer,
In his "Iliad;' (has,Yade Helen and- the
tdekeJof Troy-" immortal;- weaving -4nto
ensrscxers ana nsppewazx..
AFRICA GREETS RAYALTY.
Gives Big Receptions to the Princess
Alexandria, Dec. 3L Princess Patricia's
visit to South Africa has been a tri
umphal tour. Tho duke and duchess have
been acclaimed everywhere, naturally,
but tho princess has been the real center
Princess Patricia is said to Vave en
joyed, this tour mora than anything else
for many years. Hitherto she has been
indifferent to all attention and excite
ment and attempts to rouso her from her
indiffeicnco have been unavailing, the in
difference being of course the result of
her- love affair or rather the ending of
her love affair with an English nobleman,
whose position is not such as to justify
tho King's countenancing a marriage be
tween him and the princess.
A SURVEY OF THE YEAR'S
In religious matters the year just end
ing has been the most noteworthy of
many years. This was the case in both
i America and Kurope anil in some re
spects on the mission fields of Asia and
Africa. It Is recognized that things re
ligious arc undergoing tremendous
changes, and those highest on the look
outs and able to see furthest Into tiie
immediate future predict still greater
changes. It is declared that the old or
der has passed and that a new one is
coming in. Service for others takes the
place of service and satisfaction for one's
self. Church systems arc confronted
with propositions to make good or quit.
The pews that have occupants are no
longer able to make the successful church,
and the pews that have not are not
thought of necessity to mark a fail
ure. Distinctive names are disappearing,
and American Christianity Is to-day di
vided into only two wimps, the Roman
j and tin- Protestant. Within five years.
the prediction is, there will be a common
namc for the latter as well understood as
lhc fonner. Tnc ch:inpc, r much Cf it.
i .......... .,. .,. ,i.i ..
lLIIM Wlllllll lilt- I ai ...;n jui .,n. ...
considerable part of the change within
the past six months.
KplsfopaliurM Less Kxclnnive.
It is admitted on all hands that the
greatest single change of the year came
in the Kpiseopal Church. Such change is
indicated by a phrase in a resolution on
Christian unity adopted at the general
convention of that church held in Cin
cinnati in Oetober. The phrase was
"sins of exclusiveness,' referring to the
attitude toward other Christian bodies. It
passed without opposition. Such phrase
would, it is said, have been hooted out
of the convention held in San Francisco
in 1101, or even Uic one in Boston in 1901.
Some indications of the change came to
the surface at Richmond in IPO", in part
under the influence of the Bishop of
London, a most democratic prelate; but
almost all of the change came within the
twelve months just closed. The verdict
Is that never before was such a change
noted within such time in any religious
body. There has been, it is claimed, no
sacrifice of principle. Nobody has lost
his self-respect. Three years ago. when
a supposed open-pulpit law hail been
adopted, there was a clamor In all direc
tions. Some wanted a convention recalled
to repeal it. When the convention came
in regular order to be called the law was
a dead letter. Nobody cared what action
was taken. Action was taken, it is true,
but it was insignificant and attracted no
attention. The incident Illustrates the
tremendous change in sentiment and the
larger appreciation of others, even others
I'nity Plans Promotpd.
Three definite plans for Christian unity
were launched during the year, and there
came near being a fourth one. Two of
these are in the Kpiseopal, one in the
Disciples of Christ Church. The Chris
tian I'nity Foundation (Kpiseopal) Is
unofficial and sets about to make a study
of conditions, its idea being that some
how, some time, actual organic union may
be brought about. A commission, offi
cial, with $100,000 to pay expenses, also
Kpiseopal, projects a world conference
on law and order, not Kpiseopal merely,
but everybody on equal terms. When
such conference shall be held nobody
dares even to suggest a date as yet. The
Disciples of Christ continue their plea
of unity framed many years ago, and are
soon to urge Christendom to a new con
sideration of the unity problem through a
statement that it will issue. Congrega
tionalisms have met the Episcopalians in
rather more than formal fashion. In dis-
ussion at any rate, and Methodists have
some unity plans of their own on hand,
as noted in The Herald two weeks ago,
projected' to bring North and South to
gether. Laymen Developing Power.
The year was remarkable in Its devel
opment of laymen. More was said about
laymen -and foreign missions than about
laymen and other topics, but really the
i efforts of laymen started during the year
were along home mission lines as well,
and especially in social service directions.
Christian laymen did not during, the year
project a campaign that criticises what
has been, unless It bo their own short
comings; but they did set out to help, and
that in far larger measure than hereto
fore. The feature, shown as never be
fore. Is that ordinary business and pro
fessional men not ministers, and never
wishing to be ministers offer to give
time and thought to tasks aiming to
make the world better. Some of these
men are wealthy and offer to give both
themselves and some of their money.
Others are ordinary mechanics, strug
gling lawyers, and such, and they, offer
to give spare time. The phenomena,
which Is new at least In such numbers.
and which developed wonderfully during
the -year. Is not confined to the Kast, but
obtains in every part of this country
and In England and Scotland. It has not
reached the continent of Europe us yst.
In all religious bodies efforts have be-.-n
begun to train and direct these volun
teers. In the Roman Catholic, as In the
Protestant churches, the feature obtains.
Countlns; the Cost. '
The striking record of the year was a
financial one. Gifts to uplift causes broke
all records. To foreign missions th? gifts
were J1.CCO.000 ahead of any pre-'lous
yar. and they placed the United Stntcs
and Canada ahead of England and in
the front rank of national contributors
in this dlrectljn. The amount now go'.ng
lo foreign mission fields approximate:.
$28,000,100 a year. The JIO.COO.OOO of Mr.
Andrew Carnegie to world peace was In
part in response to ministers, led by the
American lSecretary- of State, "who favors
an arbitral court at The Hague and who
believes the Christian people should be
in the forefront of theneacemoyement..
Colleges that have dii
datlons. even if
led br re-
ligtous bodies, secur
of the .voluntary
for "some. Years. j
eT year than
'the sum expended i
WINK 265 YEARS OLD.
Vintage Dug Up on Famous Phlllp-
haugh Battle Ground.
Madeira. Dec 3L After experimenting
with some wine 110 years of age which
was in tha cellars of certain well-known
wine merchants, an investigator of an
cient liquors called upon another famous
firm. There ho found two ancient and ro
tund bottles, one labeled "Sercial Ma
deira, bottled in 1793." and therefore 117
years old. and the other "Claret, bottled
prior to 1645."
Tho latter .was dug up on the field of
Philiphaugh in November. 1&. The bat
tle of Philiphaugh was fought on Septem
ber 13, KwG, Montrose and his cavaliers
being defeated there bv tho Covenanters.
It Is. therefore, a fair presumption that
the bottle of wine formed part of the
commis-ariat of one armv or the other,
and Is. therefore. 2C vcars old.
pie last year mi support of Christian
churches, their advance at home, and
their extension abroad, at not less than
$!U,ono,000. And in larger measure this
sum is coming from the many rather
than from the few.
Scrip lure Held Impregnable.
In theology the year developed to con
siderable extent the conservative side.
The extremists have passed away. Fif
teen years ago Christian leaders feared
that the cause represented at that time
by iYof. Charles II. Briggs. of Union
Theological Snninary, and by similar
and so-called higher critics in Germany,
Scotland, and Kngland. might undermine
popular belief In Holy Writ and weaken
the churches in fundamentals. Sir Will
lam Ramsey, of Scotland, the greatest
living authority on St. Paul, stated that
nothing of the sort has happened. I'rof.
Hriggs. now advanced in years, is no
longer heard of in this connection. The
lfible societies ar- more active than ever,
the American Bible Society- having com
pleted last year its endowment of J1.00O.
C00 and the American Bible League re
ceiving more demands for speakers than
It could till. It is the religious bodies
that hold most strongly to the historic
creeds and the old theology that grew
most during the year, and they are the
only bodies that conducted large advance
C'nthniitvi Prngrrming Steadily.
The big features of the year in Roman
Catholic Church affairs were the Kucha-
ristic Congress, meeting In Montreal in
September; the consecration of St. Pat
rick's Cathedral in New York in October,
the advance made in cathedral building
in other cities, notably in St. Louis and
in St. Paul, and the great meeting of
Catholic laymen held in New Orleans at
the very end of the year. The Montreal
congress attracted thousands from the
United States and gave tremendous
strength to the cardinal doctrine of the
Roman Catholic. Church concerning the
cuchaxist. Some progress was made in
missions, both in gifts by American
Catholics to Christian progress in tho
rest of the world and in organizing mis
sion work in America itself. A legin
nlng was made on the task of adapting
the Catholic Church In America to au
tonomy, an independent body, as in
France. Spain, and Italy, and no longer
a missionary- one governed directly from
Rome. Church troubles in Spain and
Portugal affected American Catholics lit
tle, and the year here was one of growth
and unexampled prosperity.
Soelnl Service ProKrnmmes.
Protestant churches In America ad
vanced their social service work during
the year, perfected some of their organi
zations looking to instruction of youth,
and the congregational or independent
bodies, like the Baptists and Congrega
tionalists. greatly strengthened their cen-
tral organizations. Indeed, the striking
feature of the year
tllC PrOteStant .
world may- be said to be this change of
Independents toward centralized power,
such power not in matters theological,
but in missionary methods. The year
saw many cherished traditions sacrificed
in order that Christianity might better
serve the world, or at any rate might
leave no expedient untried to the end
that It would do so. The perfecting of
the organization of the Northern Baptist
Convention, the new power granted to
and accepted by the Congregational Na
tional Council, and new co-operation be
tween Lutherans (are illustrations such
as few years in modern time have wit
nessed. Churches FaclngsPomrard.
The record of the past twelve months
is a breaking up of old notions In regard
to churches, their relations to each other,
their ways of working, and their respon
sibility to the world. On all hands it is
said .that the year saw the end of many
conceptions and made possible many new
ones. Everybody In the religious world
at present looks for almost anything un
usual to happen. Just what Is coming
nobody seems to know, but so far as can
be learned the condition is buoyant. No
body looks for disaster. Open minds are
ready for suggestions. New alignments
have just been ma 1c, and further changes
arc expected. A more singular condition
of affairs could hardly be Imagined than
is reported by almost all of the leaders
in all bodies. There is little regard for
tradition of the hidebound kind. His
tory is not much read and less depended
upon. The churches are facing front.
The year showed many of them how bet
ter to serve the world and it set many
others to study the means and methods
whereby- they may do so. In Christian
annals it was a wonderful year. Its like
has not been gone through lately.
Open Campaign in Vlrarlnla.
C. Ji. Field Secretary Karl Lehmann
and Mrs. Lehmann have spent the past
week in Washington resting and sight
seeing. Their four weeks of work In
Indiana closed on December 22, Mr. Leh
mann having held two or more meetings
each day without spending two days in
the same city. Thrco hundred and sev-enty-thre-
new societies have been organ
ized In the State of Indiana during the
past eighteen months. Mr. Lehmann en
ters upon a two weeks' campaign In Vir
ginia to-morrow at Strasburg; Monday
he will be in Bucna Vista, Tuesday In
Bristol, Wednesday in Pulaski. Friday In
Ronoke. and Saturday In Richmond. He
will" attend the State convention nt
Lynchburg on January 13 and 11. While
In Washington Mr.Lehmann attended
the C. E. meetings of Slilloh Baptist
Society on Sunday and of Calvary Bap
tist on Tuesday.
3Inxlma Cora Arouses Interest.
The recent decree "maxima cura'f re
garding tho "administrative" removal of
parish priests from their office. Is be
ginning,, according to Rome; te receive
,the attention Its Importance .deserves,
and the consistorial congregation is be
ing flooded, with questions. One of which
Is whethir It appllctoEnsllsh-speaklng.p,uU -SJ fl? fltW- wMh - untu-t
countries Inasmuch as It ,1a, part of the
atari code of canon 4aw tor- the. .whole
f church, of which the United States, Eng
land, Australia, and other countries form
an important part, it would seem there
can be no reasonable doubt that it does.
The decree marks another milestone in
the progress of English-speaking coun
tries from the missionary stage to tho
full stature of canonical churches. It'
names nine causes for "administrative"
removal from office, and the formalities
which must accompany its execution will
relieve bishops of an Immense weight of
responsibility and afford parish priests
an assurance that they are not mere
"tenants at will." The decree, it is
stated, is in entire conformity with
American constitutional guaranty that
no one, in civil matters, shajl be deprived
of his liberty "without due process of
Wnnt More Charch Unity.
At a meeting of ministers just held In
New York, chielly Presbyterians, the
Kev. Dr. William T. Manning, rector of
Trinity Episcopal Church, New York,
and a leader In Episcopal plans looking
to greater unity among religious bodies,
spoke by invitation, setting forth the
fads that his commission's ideas in
volve unity of Roman Catholics and
Greek Catholics, as well as American
and Kuropean Protestants; that all bod
ies are tovtncet on equal terms in a world
conference on faith and order whenever
such is held, and that the time is ripe at
this moment for the bringing forward of
Replying on behalf of Presbyterians,
the Rev. Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former
pastor of the Brick Church. New York,
and Just resigned his chair in. Princeton
Seminary, approved the idea of a world
conference highly, and said he was glad
Episcopalians and Disciples of Christ
have taken the lead that they have In
the matter. There came, however, a
sharp difference, so sharp and so radical
that IVesbyterlans wondered whether un
der such conditions it were worth while
to talk of unity, much less to waste time
In a conference.
The Rev. Dr. Manning stated that there
is a visible church on earth, set here to
do God's work, and that that olturch
must be united if It do the work for
which it is here. The Rev. Dr. Van Dyke
stated that there is no visible church on
earth, but only- a spiritual church and
that constant care must be exercised to
prevent a visible machine, a visible shell,
from killing religious work; that the
reformation did a thing that cannot be
undone, must not be undone. The wide
span of difference between these leaders
i. held to have cast new light on the real
difficulties before those who advocate
LADY MEDX ONCB ON STA6B
Late Society Leader Was a Charm-
Dcnth Removes Stoit Interesting
Fiscure from the Social Life
of Great Britain's Capital.
London, Dec. 31. The death of Lady
Mcux removes an -interesting tigure from
London society. Before her marriage to
Henry Meux, afterward Sir Henry Meux,
Bart., the enormously wealthy brewer,
she was Valerie Langdon, one of the stars
of the theatrical world.
On coming into the title her husband
settled $100,000 a year on his wife and
when he died he left her every penny he
possessed. She thus became one of the
largest landowners in England, with resi
dences at Theobald's Park, Waltham
Cross, at Sheen, a chateau In France, and
a house in Park lane, to which must be
added his large personal estate and the
Lady Meux was distinguished for her
many charities. During the South African
war she sent out tons of comforts to the
British troops and also purchased and
presented to the country a battery- ot
ft 7", "' Tet?
i,nlln nlltinn nr Vnlcnn i-nli0 Infill
ing the famous Hamilton "necklace, given
to Lady Hamilton by Nelson himself.
Lady- Meux was also a keen sports
woman and raced under the name of
"Mr. Theobald." One of the best horses
she ever bred was Volodyovski, a Derby
winner. She leased the colt to the Iats
IjOtA William Beresford. who died before
the race. As the horse had been nomi
nated by "Mr. Theobald" his nomination
was not void on account of Lord Will
iam's death, so Lady Meux released him
to the late W. C. Whiteney. of New
York. In whose colors he won the Derby
of 1901. Lady Meux was not racing her
own horses that year, as she was In
mourning for her husband, who died in
Finds Xew Cancer Cnre.
I,ondon, Dec 31. The discovery of a
new radio-active substance by a Nor
wood doctor should before long place the
radium treatment for cancer and other
malignant diseases within tho reach of
every medical man in the country-. Thrt
new ore which has been experimented
with by Dr. Churchward, of Norwood,
will bo obtained at a comparatively
small cost. and. although its properties
have not yetbecn fully established, suf
ficiently good results have been obtained
with it to justify the hope that it will be
part of the stock in trade of every medi
A Bride's First Kick.
Yxvm the Atchison Globe.
Probably the first thing a bride finds
fault with after her marriage is tho news
paper account of her wedding.
TIIE MESSAGE OF THE OI,D YEAR,
Jnst across the cha.'vn of the last djins hoar.
One life i almost ended, acd ono not yet begun;
uno ine-snn swrniy laiun;, so won bereft orpntrer.
And one to greet with sbulnew the rising of the sun.
A boary fern k kneelin?, vaitrn: for tho stroke of
Tho lower glass is fining and the sands are almost
Tho hand of Time Is rcachinr for a rolume more
And a nex lifo will bo ushered in before the ris
Iowcr, crer lower, the bell strr-ies bear him down.
The c)x that once were bright are dulled, his
race is almost done.
lie bends aborc tho new life that is stirricz at
the cound, i
And whispers what be. too, slull learn at the
risirc of the sun.
"lien hare called mc wicked and men haie called
I hare plajed the game of Lif and Death, as
you shall play, mi sen,
I bare ceen the Beast stripped naked and his wine
was human Mood.
Just as you shall see him a the rlsinj of the sun.
"I haro seen the clasp of Friendship followed by
the lust of Hate.
Seen neighbor slander neighbor and glory when
I hate ceen the weakling falter and then lay the
tho blame on Vktc,
Just as you ultall sea them at the rising of the sun.
"Acd the years that follow after us. when you and
I 'are gone.
8hall1ntheir tuns wear their short llirt into
the wcof wc spun
One shall stasa triumphant at tb Halo of the i
SEES BILLION STARS
Oxford Scientist Now Bnsy
Counting Them All.
TALLY BEING MADE BY PLATES
Photographs on Especially Prepared
Plates Shorr Thousands of Astra
Bodies Not Visible to Eye Twenty
fire Observatories Join in Task
of Enumerating; Bodies.
Oxford, Dec, SI. It is estimated by F.
A. Bellamy, of the Oxford University
observatory, that there are about 100,
000,000 of stars in the universe. The
task of photographing and counting them
is now in progress at about twenty-five
observatories in different parts of the
Greenwich has now photographed and
mapped out the sections which under tha
scheme were allotted to it. being the first
observatory to complete its part of the
work. Many of the stars thus catalogued
are invisible, not only to the human eye,
but also to the eye aided by a powerful
telescope. None the less they appear dkv
tlnctly in tho photographs.
This phenomenon is explained by the
fact that in an astrographic telescope a
photographic plate may be exposed to the
heavens for six hours or longer, whereas
an observer cannot keep his eye closely
on one spot for much more than half or
three-quarters of an hour.
Camera Has Good Eye.
Thus tho camera, in conjunction with
the telescope, sees more than the ob
server. The longer a plate is exposed tha
larger number of stars does it reveal.
So minute are thousands of these stars
that powerful miscroscopes are used to
detect them on the plates.
Only one-ninth of the stirs shown by
the new Greenwich plates have been re
corded on paper before. Great though the
achievement of the Royal Observatory is,
it represents but a fraction of the work
that is being dono wherever a suitable
observatory is situated. In all 22.054 neg
atives will be necessary. When this
universal enterprise is completed astron
omers will probably know the position
and movements of 100,000.000 stars.
A similar work, but necessarily of more
limited compass, is being carre.'d on ly
J. Franklin-Adams, P. R. A 5.. a mem
ber of Lloyd's, who at Mervel Hill, Godal
mlng. has one of the largest private ob
servatories In the world. W:h the aid
of a photographic telcscopa weighins
three and a half tons. Mr Franklin
Adams has taken plates bearing the im
ages of about 23.000,000 stars. Hi3 work
of counting, indexing, and determining
their exact positions is now approaching
NEW TAX LAW FBAMED.
German Legislation 'Will Be Severe
Berlin. Dec. 3L Tho unearned Incre
ment tax in Germany for imperial pur
poses provided for by the financial refona
law of 190J has been put into final shape,
by a Reichstag commission. It is very
severe in its conditions.
Under certain conditions tho tax rises '
to SO per cent. It Is thus much higher
than tho existing municipal increment
taxes, which are usually at most 20 per
cent. Ay sellers of land which fetches
$1,250 or more must pay the tax. In tho L
case of built-over land the exemption Is
The percentage of the tax rises with
the percentage of the seller's profit, bat
declines inversely with the term during
which the land has been held. The low
est rate is 10 per cent ot the profit, which
is taken where the seller's profit is 10 per
cent on his capital. This rises in grada
tions until tho tax reaches SO per cent,
where the pront realized is 200 per cent
on tho invested capital or more.
FUNERAL OF JAMES C. HOOE.
Services Held Yesterday nt Church
of the Incarnation.
Funeral sen-ices for James Cecil Hooe,
the well-known Washlngtonian, who died
at his country home, "White Hall," Blue
mont, Va., Wednesday night, were held
at the Church of the Incarnation at 11
o'clock yesterday morning. Rev. William
Tayloe Snyder, the pastor, officiating.
Many of Mr. Hooe's friends gathered-to
pay final tribute to him. Mr. Justice Mc- C-"
Kenna, Senators Flint, Beveridgc, and
Carter, representatives of the newspaper
fraternity, including John S. Shrlver, secretary-
of the Gridiron Club, and other
well-known people were present.
The pallbearcs were Samuel G. Blythe,
Louis A. Coolldge. Richard V. Oulahan.
Ellsha Thcall. Franklin Lane, and Scott
The body was placed in a receiving;
vault at Oak Hill Cemetery until arrange
ments can bo mado for the interment.
The remains arrived on a snecLal car on
a train from Blucmont at 10:30 o'clockr".!
and were taken directly to the church.
Lord Drcles Once Clergyman.
London, Dec. 31. Lord Declcs, whose,
engagement to Miss Vivien Gould Is an
nounced. Is tho fifth holder of a peerage:
whose founder was a clergyman. The
first Lord Declcs was Dr. William Beres
ford, a brother of tho first Marquis or
Waterford. who. having been Bishop oC
Drornore and subsequently of Ossory. was:
translated to -.he Archbishopric of Tuanx
and raised to the peerage In 1S12. .
MoTlns; Picture, to Edacste.
Berlin. Dec. 31. Moving-picture showSi
especially designed to foster patriotic .aneK J
warlike sentiments aro to be placed mrlM.1
view in Berlin for the first time early iaf 1
January. The Idea originated with the
German Patriotic Society, whose aim Is
to educate the people in the matter of
tactics and strategy on the battlefield
and to make the object of different move
ments of troops plain to the lay mind.
SAKS FUR CO.,
JAN. 3, for one week,
, within salesrooms of t
C. G. Sloan & Co. (Inc.),
E70n Exhibition Monday until
tt .1 V
ll.-rV ' -
VBEss&tfiSi':' . wiviAct.: