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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 26, 1911, Image 2

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THE WASHINGTON HERALD, SUNDAY, JfARCH. 26, 1911.
SEGREGATION IN
CITY SCHOOLS IS
DENOUNCED HERE
Would Be Deplored
Women of the
POINT TO THE HOME AS AN EXAMPLE
Boys and Girls, It Is Shown,
Efforts by Present Method Teaches Children
to Resist Temptation.
Separation of the bojs and girls in the public schools in Washing
ton, as well as in other cities of the United States, is demanding the
serious attention of educators in some cities. In fact, the advisability of
continuing the present method of teaching boys and girls in the same
classes, known as co-education, is to be investigated in Baltimore, and
indications point strongly to a return of the old system of separate
schools there. The question has been agitated for years, and has reached
a crisis.
2SOT FOPLLAU UV CAPITAL
In "Washington, however, the move
ment is declared to be Impracticable and
injurious. Prominent men and women
interviewed by The Washington Herald,
almost with one accord, say any change
in the public school sjstem of Washln,
ton that would separate the boys and
girls In their classes would be a de
plorable mistake
"It -will not take me more than two
minutes to make plain my views upon
the question of segregaUon in the public
schools," said Mrs. Mary S Lockwood,
ijromlnent member of the D A. R. "If
tho Lord Almight had considered such
a course wise and right. He would hate
created families on another plan, but He
demonstrated in our creation that it was
best for the sexes to grow up side by
side. If children are not taught to re
sist temptation while they are children,
it is useless to expect them to do so
when they are no longer children; no
one can oercome the unknown, as it
were
"The mixing of boys and girls in school
is the best possible, because the most
natural, corrector of character in both.
In our Junior Republic work it was
found that the introduction of girls
caused the bos to take a litUe more
care In ting their ties, and it put the
Hirls on their mettle too. Innocent social
intimaej makes for comradeship and does
away with the cils often wrought of
unfamiliarit between bojs and girls.
There is my opinion of segregation, and
it is most decided It is founded upon
j ears of observation and experience."
Ilnbbi Simon's Views.
Rev Dr Abram Simon, of the H Street
Temple, said
'When the board of education wants
to prepare the students for social life,
there is no reason w hatsoever, in my
mind, why there should be any talk of
giving separate rooms to the boys and
girls. I believe the school should be a
natural Institution where the students
may learn manners as well as the dif
ferent studies If the don't learn while
voung, it Is not likelj they will when
they get older This s especially true
when girls are present, as the boys will
conduct themselves muh better and
learn to respect their opposite sex more
than if kept to themseUes most of the
time."
Rev. John Van Schalck, jr , of the
Church of Our Father, discussed the
matter er briefij . "Not being well
treed on the subject, I can hardly talk
intelligent!) . but will say that I certainly
do not approc of separaUng the sexes
in the graded schools, lly feelings are
oistlncUy against the proposition. That
s all.'
Rev J. M. Schick, of the Grace Re
formed Cnurch. said that in his opinion
thtre should be no change In the schools,
as the best work has been done in the
co-educational institutions of the coun
tn Going further Into the matter, he
said.
"A responsible board of educaUon,
knowing what is best for the welfare
of the students, is best fitted for that
question, and. In fact. It should be left
entirely to them. However, I think the
question of separating the sexes Is not
jo mu-h of importance as the ability
of the teachers to inspire the students
with the love of acquiring knowledge"
Rev. J. Compton Ball, of the Metro
politan Baptist Church, seemed to think
a change in the present plans would be
beneficial.
"When I went to school In Philadel
phia the bo) s and girls were together
until they reached the grammar school,
when the) were then separated In dif
ferent rooms," he said "I believe the
presence of the girls brings out the man
liness and gentlemanly characters of the
bovs. But, on the other hand. If they
were apart they would work better and
not have time to converse with one an
other." Mrs. Jliwscr'a Reasoning.
When it comes to the women's expres
sions of opinion they are found to be
very decided and almost unanimous In
favor of mixed schools They all incline
to the belief that the masculine and
feminine mind are beneficial
"It would not be normal to separate the
sexes In Uielr studies.' emphatically as
serted Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey, as she
sat in tho office of her law college.
"Families do not run all to boys or all
girls and it would be abnormal to follow
any such a rule In educating these same
bo3 and Elrls. Co-education does more
to eliminate the 6ex Idea, than any other
thing. The sex Idea is most degrading to
women I do not mean that It Is degrad
ing to be a woman, for thero Is nothing
so wonderful and beautiful as to bo a
woman and capable of motherhood, and I
have never wished to be 'a. man but the
idea of sex is degrading.
"Comrades are what bojs and girls
should be, and the separation of the
sexes would make this impossible. It
Is the educated and understanding
woman who makes the most satisfac
tory wife, not the empty-headed doll
without sterling qualities. A companion
able wife, broad enough to know that a
, aaa is a man, -would not be possible In
by Prominent Men and
National Capital
Are Spurred On to Greater
the person of a woman who had been
entirely educated among women.
"Hero in my own school, it is a ques
tion with the girls of, 'I am so afraid
Jim will get away ahead of me,' and they
strive to keep up with Jim, who may
be extra good, while on the other hand
Jim will be more particular as to his
lessons and personal appearance because
he values the good opinion of his femi
nine classmates.
"There has been no demand for a
change in the Washington schools, but
should there by one. I do not think it
woult be well at all, as our present
system Is eminently sensible and satis
factory. The bojs and girls are a com
plement each to the other, they are co
workers on a common basis, and there
is nothing to suggest sec, and so de
stroy their comradeship but segregation
would do that"
Mimulntrs the Pa pi la.
Mrs. Belva Lockwood was another who
unhesitatingly negatived the suggestion.
She said.
"I have always been against any such
movement, for I have found by experi
ence that in a college or school the
bojs are a stimulus to the minds of the
irirls, and the girls have a refining and
faoftenlng Influence on the minds of the
boys, while each sex acts upon the other
as a strengthener and spur to effort.
The mind of a girl is as ttrong as that
of a boy, but it is a different mind, and
she will derive help from him by mak
ing extra efforts to keep up with bim,
while he Is not going to allow a girl
to get ahead of him if he can help it.
This competition In a worthy aim Is of
immense advantage to both.
"The question of separating the sexes
came up in the college in which I was
educated, but it was rejected For fifteen
)tars after I was graduated from Genesee
College I was actively engaged in educa
tional work in colleges, mostly female
colleges, and I am satisfied that it Is the
illusion created by guarding young girls
from social Intercourse with young men
that is responsible for the escapades that
now and then startle us elopements, I
mean which take place without due ac
quaintance or forethought. There would
be no glamour over a girl who was com
peting for a prize the young man was
striving to get,
"Then the girl who has been educated
among girls Is apt to be prim and self
conscious and Is bound to be narrower
than the girl who has had to keep up
with her stronger fellows or drop back
and lose her self-respect. The latter does
not have to assert her sex; she takes
her place alongside, and wins by right
of her mind, and she makes a man have
a higher Ideal of woman because of her.
"The school, to my mind, should be
as near as possible like the home. In
the home boys and girls are not sepa
rated, but are brought up side by side
and are better and stronger by reason
of It"
Mrs. II. B. F. Macfarland admitted she
had not considered the matter, but she
was aierse to the idea of a change in
the District schools.
"I have not given the matter thought,"
said she, "but now that it is brought to
my attention, I am of the opinion that
the present system of mixed schools
seems to be much more wholesome, as
tho minds of tho boys and girls supple
ment and spur each other on. I could
see no advantage to be gained bv sepa
rating them, while it would probably be
detrimental in a way to both sexes.
Sort of Superior.
"It must be very Irritating, though,
to a boy to see a girl take the first
honors, and I do not see how the fear
cr that would fall to at as a goad to
keep him doing hls best. A girl does
not feel that way about a boy, for It
appears to be natural for a girl to look
upon a boy as a sort of superior being,
who is expected to excel But she will
surpass him if she can. I see where a
Washington boy has taken nine of the
possible eleven prizes at Harvard. That
Is a fine thing, and the girls must feel
the spur to such an achievement.
"I believe we have about as good
schools as are 4.0 be found anywhere,
and I hope they are not considering the
segregation of the boys and girls here.
I really do not think it would be an
Improvement Indeed, as I said, I con
sider the present arrangement much
more wholesome."
A. T. Stuart, superintendent of the
public schools of the District, was de
cidedly against the proposition of chang
ing the present system rf teaching the
boys and girls together. He said:
"I hae believed and always will be
Htvo In co-education In the schools, for
the reason It not only makes discipline
much better, but adds to the refinement
of the boys, as well as putting them
in the same relation as at home. We
have had co-education In the public
bchools for twenty years, and I am roost
emphatically against a change."
"Workhouse Alternative an Error.
The statement In The Washington Her
ald yesterday that Harry M. Martin,
charged with assault, was given an al
ternative of fifteen days in the work
house if the .line of J10 Imposed 'upon him
by Judge Mullowny was not paid was
an error. Mr. Martin paid the fine In
accordance with the decision of the court
and the workhouse alternative was not
mentioned,
ARTCOJEPANY SUED,
.Mrs. Stllaon HateiUna Demands Dam
skm In the Sam of f3S,00O.
Suit for the recovery of 5,000 dam
ages was filed yesterday against the V.
G. Fischer Art Company, In the Dis
trict Supreme Court, by Mrs. Rose Keel
in? Hutchlns, wife of Stllson Hutchlns.
The damage Is alleged to have been
caused by the illegal conversion of a
Gainesborough painting, the property of
Mrs. Hutchlns. The plaintiff claims the
painting, which is cnUtled, "Girl In
Brook," was bought by Mrs. Hutchlns
In London in 1907, and shipped to Iho
Fischer Company for restoration.
No statement could be had from the
art company last night, and both the
company and Mrs. Hutchlns refuse to
divulge the name of the present pos
sessor of the work, although it is said
to be in the possession of a prominent
Washington family. Attorneys Gittings
& Chamberlain represent the plaintiff.
PARZEILA CIRCLE MEETS.
Literary Programme Given with
Mrs. Dlendonne In Charjre.
Members and friends of Parzella Cir
cle met at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
TJ. V. Carr, 610 Park road northwest,
on Wednesday evening.
The president, Mrs. Florence Dleu
donne, presided and had charge of the
literary programme, which included a
piano solo by Miss Florence Johnson:
recitation, Mrs. C. C. Dieudonne; piano
duet. Mrs. A. II. Frear and Mrs. E. V.
Carr; vocal solo, Mrs. J. Benson, ac
companied on piano by Mrs. Frear; a
paper, by Mr. H. V. Carr; piano solo,
"Rock Me to Sleep," Mrs. E. V. Carr.
and a paper by Mrs. F. Dieudonne.
W0LC0TT MAXES ADDRESS.
Head
Michigan CInb Returns
from Atlnntio City.
The Michigan Social Club was enter
tained at its meeUng last night at
Pythian Temple with a short literary
and musical programme. J. M. Wolcott,
president of the club, was present, hav
ing Just recently returned from Atlantic
City, much Improved in health. He made
a short address.
The programme Included a song by
Miss Ann Atherholt, a paper entitled
"Pioneer days of city of Hadley, Lapeer
County, Mich.," by R. S. Towers; a se
prano solo by Miss Josephine Gould, reci
tation by Miss Lela Ellson, and a tenor
solo by W. G. Atherholt.
RESIDENTS FAYOR
REMOVAL OF TREES
Charles W. King, jr., Claims
They Are Menace.
A petition to have the trees along the
boulevard In New York avenue be
tween Ninth and Thirteenth streets north
west removed, will be presented to the
Commissioners, If the plans of Charles
W. King. Jr., are successful.
Mr. King, who is a real estate dealer,
with offices in New York avenue, near
Ninth street, claims be can procure the
signatures of all the business men and
property owners to a petition, and claims
the trees are a menace to property and
life.
It Is said that in a recent fire at Ninth
street and New York avenue, an acci
dent was narrowly averted when a fire
engine turned tho corner at almost full
speed.
WEATHEE CONDITIONS.
D. S. Drpt. Arrieultnre, Weather Thirara,
Washinjton. Saturday, March 3. 1911 S p. ra.
A widespread storm are antra the Western
ruins States and haj euued a cenenl benua In
cloudiness orer the Interior district from the Mis
sissippi Valley to the Rocky Mountains, raits in the
Golf States. Arkansas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico.
and snavrs in tho Northern Rocky Mountain reclon.
Rains were also reported from the North Pacific
States. The weather remained fair daring Friday
nirht and Saturday thronghoct the Eastern SUtcs.
the Ohio, and Upper MLuostippt TaUeya, the Mis
souri Valley, and the Lake resioa.
Local Temperature.
Midmsht. 23, 2 a. in., 36; 4 a. ra.. H: 6 a. nv, 3;
8 a. m., 2S, 10 a. m., X; 12 noon. 49, 2 p. ra., 47,
4 p. ra.. 43; 6 p. ra.. CT; 8 p. m., 42; 10 p. m,, 43.
Maximum, O. xrdnirrmrn. 22.
Relatire humidity S a. m.. '!; 2 p. m., 3; 1 p.
m., G3. Hours of sunshine, 12A Per cent of possi
ble sunshine, 100.
Temperature same date last year Maximum, S3,
minimum, 50.
TempcTBtnrei In Other Cities.
Temperature in other dtiea. together with the
amount of rainfall for the tveoty-four hours ended
at 8 p. ra. yesterday, are as follows:
Rain
Max. Mm. S p. ra. fall.
Asherillc. N. C. 5 X 43
Atlanta. C,i. C 40
Atlantic City. N. J . OS 2) S
Bismarck. N. Dak 56 32
Benton. Mass. 34 13 34
Hoffalo. N. Y 20
Chleaco. Ill 64 34 62
Cincinnati. Ohio. 68 32 00 ..
Cheyenne. Wyo. 64 30 32 0 01
Dearer. Colo 64 36 S6 0 02
l)es Moines. Iowa... 66 40 63
(ialreston. Tex....... TO 60 68 0 23
Helena, Mont. 34 25 28 0.18
Indianapolis. Ind M 30 S3
Jacksonville. 11a 63 56 64
Kansas City, Mo 66 44 63
Little Rock, Ark 62 43 52 0 53
Los Ansries. CaL 66 52 62
Marquettfi. Mich 42 36 40
Memphis, Ttxin. 66 SO 58 0(C
New Orleans. La 03 60 66 1 31
New York. N. Y 33 20 36
Omaha. Nebr. 6J 46 62
Pittsburz, I"S. 60 23 58
Portland, Me. St 10 31
Portland. Ores. oO 33 50 0 01
St, Louis. Mo. W 36 62
St. Paul, Minn. 61 46 60
San Francisco. Cal. 64 50 53
Sprincncld. I1L 66 32 60
Tacnma, Wash 2 .. 60
Tampa, Fla. 68 62 62
Toledo. Ohio 62 24 56
Vicksburs, Miss. 60 56 51 0.46
Tide Table.
To-day Hizh tide, 4S0 a. m. and S3T p. ra.; low
tide. 11:13 a. m. and 1153 p. m.
To-morrow High tide, 5.40 a. m. and 6JXI p. m.;
low tide, 12.10 a. m.
MAItlllAGE LICENSES.
Park MaekPherson and Mary Brown, both of Se
hrook. Md.
John F. GOl, of this oty. and Nellie Pieraoo. of
Chester, Pa.
E. Morszh McCombs atd Lillian M. Barmen, of
PitUbure, Pa,
BIRTHS REPORTED.
WHITE.
Benumb F. and Alice C Fairfax, boy.
Robert L. and Mary U Miller, boy.
Clyde R. and Lois L. Aaher, girt.
Samuel 8. and Mary E. Fltihuxh, hoy.
Joseph and Ida Kraute, riii.
William H. and Clan I. Stone, boy.
Reniamro R. and OenerieTe Rack. girl.
Edtsr A. and Grace D. Bennett, rUi.
William D. and Eatherine L. Ryan. Jr., cirt.
Mycr and Bessie Larcnstein. gui.
COLORED.
Joseph 8. and Mary Bmacknm, drL
John W. and Bessie Beu. bar.
Henry I and Rachel Dixon, boy.
William L. and Maude, Hawkica. bar.
William and Ethel Joaca. sin.
DEATH RECORD.
WHITE., ,
Frances A. M. E. Smith, n ran, 169 C St. sir.
Lniiaa 8. Appletr. 1 rear, HIT Cboa. are."rrr.
Mary T. Praia. K Jtto. IMK.M.
Goorra F. BnUietaer, 1 ytar. M1H Pa. ne. se.
John H. Hager, mocthi, vm Hskt at. .
COLORED. . ,
Esoierf Johnson. Tl yan, Gort. MftftaaKM.
lot? Matthews, SB jtma. Hcaas far A & barm,
Gracs E. Tnoapwo, a jmm. m aMl ass, ax.
TO-IKIMI
.Representative .Frank Clark
Beceives Bequest.
EVAXS KENEWS CLAIMS
Produces an Affidavit Made by
the Patient
Alo Exhibits Bills of Fare to Show
that Patients Are Improperly Fed.
Dr. Masrrader Makes Detailed
Statement In Defense of Dr. White
and Ills Management of St. Eliza
beth's Board of Visitors Acts.
Representative Frank Clark, of
Florida, who was instrumental in
getting Congress to investigate the
management of the Government
Hospital for the Insane about a
year ago, was asked by F. S. But-
terfield, secretary of the Congress
Heights Citizens' Association, yes
terday to introduce a bill in Con
gress at the extra session next
month to reopen the investigation.
Mr. Butterfield thinks the com
plaints of the citizens of Congress
Heights will be granted a more fa
vorable hearing with a Democratic
Congress.
ITIEVIOUS UVQEIRY.
Representative Clark was on the com
mittee which Investigated the Institution
at the last probe, and was ono of the
minority of tho committee who reported
favorably on the bill. Mr. Butterfield
said that Representative Clark had told
him on several occasions that. In his
opinion, the hospital was mismanaged.
Charges that letters between him and
his clients, who were patients at the
hospital, wero Intercepted and held for
several days, and In many cases not
delivered at all, wero made by Richard
P. Evans yesterday Mr. Evans said If
tho practice was not stopped and he
was not allowed to see his clients regu
larly he would Institute mandamus pro
ceedings against Secretary of the In
terior Fisher and Dr. William A. White,
superintendent of the hoipltal.
As a result of the charges made by
Mr. Evans, and printed in The Washing
ton Herald yesterday morning, a meeting
of the board of visitors of the Govern
ment Hospital for the Insane was held at
the office of Hrig. Gen. George M. Stern
berg. V. S A., yesterday afternoon and
resolutions were passed commending Dr.
White on his "exceptional administrative
ability In managing the affairs of the
hospital." and branding as false the
statements of Mr. Evans.
Dr. G. LI od Magruder, one of the
members of the board of visitors, said
last night
"Dr. White and tho board of visitors of
the asylum have recognized for some time
the Insecurity of Howard Hall, and In
their report for 1310 asked that a new
building be erected for the caro of the
criminal insane. Owing to the economy
plan of President Taft and Congress, It
was stricken from the report, and did not
even reach the Secretary of Uie Interior.
"The management of the Government
Hospital for the Insane courts Investiga
tion, and alwavs has courted It. The
work at the asylum Is excellent. The rec
ommendation of Mr. Evans and others
that a thirty-foot wall be erected about
the grounds Is absurd, but we agree that
adequate protection should be given the
residents of Congress Heights, and we
have striven to do this.
The Pare Air Core.
"The greatest cure for insanity, a3 in
any other disease. Is pure air and God's
sunshine. This many of the residents of
Congress Heights object to.
"Repeated requests have been made for
addiUonal Inclosures for the hospital
grounds. It should be recognized that
a large proportion of the patients In
Mich an institution, as one of the symp
toms of their mental disease, have a
grievance, and that they are always
ready to communicate this grievance to
anv sympathetic person who will listen
to them. As a result of this it Is always
easy to obtain evidence from Inmates
detrimental to the character and effi
ciency of those whose duty It Is to exer
cise control over them.
'The management of the hospital has
already taken additional precautions to
prevent a recurrence of the escape of
the criminal Insane, and every effort,
so far as the means at present at its
disposal will permit, will be made to
Keep close supervision of those who are
allowed the liberty of the grounds."
In support of his contention that Dr.
White did not visit Howard Hall onco
in eighteen months, Mr. Evans yester
day showed an affidavit from Frank E.
Oliver, a former patient in the asylum.
In which he said:
"That he was confined in the Govern
ment' Hospital for the Insane at Wash
ington from about June 21. 1909, to De
cember 16, 1909; that from the said June
a, 1909, to November 16. 1900, affiant was
confined in Howard Hall, In ward known
as 'Hall No. 1;' that during that enUro
period, the superintendent. Dr. William,
A. White, never once visited the said
hospital, and affiant was Informed by
f other patients that the said superintend
ent had. only been In Howard Hall once
In over a year past."
Further in his affidavit, Oliver says the
only time he saw Dr. "White was when ho
was called before the hospital board for
examination, after his attorney had com
menced proceedings In his behalf, which
terminated In his discharge by order of
the court.
Oliver further asserts:
"The food was unfit to eat, and the
patients were not separated In classes.
Christian Xander's
IVES CLARET
A table Wine of soft
pleasant taste. 3.00 a
doxen. Only at
THE FAMILY QUALITY HOUSE
Refined and violent sit at the same table,
and It Is a common occurrence to have
ono's neighbor at the table spit In his
food and sometlmea In his neighbor's
food, but you have to eat then or not at
all.
"The attendants have better food than
the paUents, and it fa nicely served, with
tablecloth, napkins, &a. and they eat
their good, substantial food in tho pres
ence of the hungry patients, and they
im.o uicir uraeai tneir meals."
Some Bills of Fare.
The bills of fare as given by Oliver in
his affidavit are as follows:
Breakfast Two tablespoonfuls oat
meal (cold and no milk), one slice of
bread, spoonful of stewed codfish (or
meat), cup colored water, called
coffee.
Dinner One square inch of meat,
one spoonful of rice, ono cup of greasy
water called soup, one slice of bread,
ono potato.
Supper Ono cup of pink tea, smell
ing like boiled flowers; ono slice of
bread, tablespoonful of stewed dried
apples, or four pr five stewed prunes.
In a reply to a letter from Mr. Butter
field, of the Congress Heights ClUzens'
Association, last December, MaJ. Sylves
ter, superintendent of police, sent him a
list of escaped patients who were ar
rested and sent back to the asylum. The
majority of the arrests were in tho
Eleventh precinct, which adjoins the
asylum. Tho next two were the First
and Sixth precincts.
Commenting on the fact that the ma
jority of the escaped patients who got
outside of the Eleventh precinct were ar
rested by the two precincts which border
on the Capitol and the White House,
Mr. Butterfield said It showed conclu
sively that the lives of the President and
tho members of Congress were In Jeop
ardy by the loose methods at the insU
tuUon. Dr. William A. White said yesterday
there was not a word of truth In any of
the statements of Mr. Evans and Mr.
Butterfield. He said it was true he did
not visit many of the buildings at the
asylum daily or even weekly, as It would
be a physical Impossibility to do so.
Ho said he had a staff of twenty physi
cians under him and he did not havo to
personally supervise all tho work.
RAILWAY CLERKS
CANNOT ORGANIZE
Postal Employes Barred from
Joining Labor Onions.
WARNING IS SENT BEOADCAST
Second Asnlntnnt Postmaster General
Stewnrt Summarizes Department's
Position in Letter Pointed Ont
that Oath to Government Prevents
Strike or Walkont of Clerks.
The rost-office Department has decided
that the railway mall clerks of the coun
try cannot organize and affiliate with the
American Federation of Labor. For sev
eral months representatives of the feder
ation have been doing "missionary work"
amon? the railway mall clerks, and It
has also circularized tho whole service
In the effort to have these clerks or
ganized and become a part of the federa
tion. The department. It Is stated, has given
very careful consideration to the situa
tion. In the course of which the legal
aspects of the case have been looked into,
and some of the officials expressed grave
doubt as to whether if the affiliation did
take place it would not be a violation
of law.
Violation of Statutes.
They direct attention to the fact that
one of the obligations imposed upon
unlom affiliated with tho federation is to
strlko under certain circumstances, and
this, it Is claimed. If It were done by
railway clerks In a body, would consti
tute a violation of existing statutes In
connection with the Interference with
United States mails. It Is also claimed
that there are other obligations devolving
upon organizations affiliating with the
federation which would make it impossi
ble for government employes to take.
Second Assistant Postmaster General
Stewart, acting under the direction and
with the full approval of Postmaster
General Hitchcock, has summarized the
department's position In a letter which
he has directed to General Superintend
ent Alexander Grant, of the Railway
Mall Service. While the name of no
organization is mentioned In the letters,
no secret Is made at tho department that
it Is Intended as indicating to the rail
way mail clerks that the department will
not allow the organization and affiliation
aimed at by the federation.
It Is believed at the department that
there are not many clerks who have
taken seriously the proposition to or
ganize themselves Into a militant labor
union, and the letter Is intended to defi
nitely state and outline the position of
the department in regard to the matter,
and to avoid complications.
Letter Sent Oat.
This is the letter addressed to Super
intendent Grant, who is directed to ad
vise all railway mall clerks as to its con
tents: "Referring to the reports that postal
clerks at various points are forming
lrdge3 of secret organizations of railway
postal clerks, I desire that steps be
taken at once to acquaint all In tbe serv
ice that such action is regarded as in
imical to the Interests of the govern
ment. All clerks, when they enter the
tervlce, take an oath to well and faith
fully discharge the duties of the office
to which they are appointed, and to per
form all the duties required of them,
and to abstain from everything forbidden
by the laws In relation to post-offices
and post roads.
"It Is incompatible with their obligation'
to the department that they should as
sume another oatft with a secret or
ganization in the service, which may
at any time interfere with the obliga
tions which they have assumed upon
entering the service. This Is not to be
construed as Interfering with any right
which a clerk may have of acting per
sonally and Individually with reference
to organizations outside of the postal
service.
"You are hereby directed to advise all
railway postal clerks as to these prin
ciples of employmenUand views here ex
pressed and that they shall be governed
thereby."
Claim Negro Had Cocaine.
John Bulll, a negro, was arrested last
night by policemen of tho Sixth precinct
on tho request of the Alexandria author
ities. He Is held on a charge of traf
ficking in cocaine. Bulll protested his in
nocence. He will be returned to Alexan
dria for (riaL
Overdose of PareKorlc.
Mrs. Maud. Wheless, of 13S2 Kenyon
street, yesterday took an overdose of
paregoric and was taken to Garfield
Hospital n a serious condition-. Prompt
action placed her out of danger, and last
alfht she bad fully recovered.
NUMEROUS FLIGHTS
OYER TIDAL BASIN
Man Weighing 280 Pounds
Gets Thrill in Air.
NOTED SCIENTISTS ENTHUSED
Dr. Charles D. Walcott and Prof.
Svante Arrhentna Enjoy Spins In
Rexford Smith Biplane, frith An-
thony Jannna at the Wheel Miss
Gladys Hinckley Also Takes Trip.
Two noted scientists, a Washington so
ciety belle, and a man weighing SO
pounds were taken on five-minute flights
yesterday afternoon by Anthony Jannus
In the Rexford Smith biplane at Potomac
Park.
One of the scientists was Dr. Charles
D. Walcott, secretary of the Smithsonian
Institute, and successor to the late Dn
Samuel P. Langler, who many years ago
experimented with a hcavler-than-alr ma
chine on the Potomac. Dr. Walcotfs first
words as ho allghted'from the machine
was that he wished Dr. Langley could
have felt the thrills and delights of flying
In the air in his own machine.
Flies Over Tidal Basin.
The flights started about 4 o'clock, and
on each trip the biplane reached a height
of about 300 feet over the park and the
Tidal Basin, alighting each time near
the hangar.
Prof. Svante Arrhenlus, director of the
Nobel Peace Institute, Stockholm, Swe
den, was given more than a mere sen
sation of flying, as he Is one of the great
est physicists In the world. He is the
discoverer of argon, and was awarded tho
Nobel peace prize for his researches In
science. t
Lst evening Prof. Arrhenlus delivered
a lecture on the climate of Mars before
the Washington Academy of Sciences and
the Washington Philosophical Society in
the auditorium of the National Museum.
In his lecture he said the climate of
Mars Is of a very low temperature, like
that of a desert, and predicted that In
a billion years the earth's climate wou'Jt
be the same.
Miss Gladys Hinckley was the society
belle who took a flight She remained in
the air about seven minutes, and when
she alighted was enthusiastic over the
trip. To a few of her friends who were
standing near by she said she Intended
to purchase a machine and do her own
flying. Miss Louiie Whlttaker also took
a flight, but owing to a shift in the
wind it was deemed advisable to descend
after about two minutes In the air.
Welsht a Handicap.
Much amusement was caused when H.
E. Jenkins, of Alexandria, Va., climbed
to a seat beside the aviator. Mr. Jenkins
weighs about 2S0 pounds, and speculation
was rife among the spectators as to the
possibility of the machine being unable
to get off tho ground. The start was
made and for a while it seemed certain
that the machine would not go up. Sud
denly It seemed to rise a few feet, and
proceeding at this height for several
yards, took an upward glide and ascended
to a height of 200 feet. Mr. Jenkins
weight was a decided barrier to fancy
flving. and during the flight the machine
was at a decided angle.
W. K. Bachrach, V. Lt Joslyn, and Vic
tor Emerson were also taken up as pas
sengers during the afternoon. During
the morning Raoul le Mat and Fred Au
bert, who are being trained In aviation
by Janus, made several flights. The bi
plane was taken out of the hangar and
pulled into one of the Potomac Park
roads, and Janus made the first flight,
going out over the tidal basin and rising
to a height of 300 feet.
He then took Wilfred Stevens up with
him, and later the two pupils were given
preliminary Instruction In the operation
of the levers which control the motors
and steer the vehicle.
INSTALLATION CELEBEATED.
Epsilon Society Holds Banqnet at
the Shoreham Hotel.
To celebrate tho Installation of lt3
newly elected officers the District of Co
lumbia Chapter of the Sigma Phi Epi
lon fraternity, held a banquet at the
Shoreham Hotel last night. Toasts were
responded to by W. L. Phillips, S. W.
Rogers, A. L. Barber, E. C Coumbe,
J. F. Seller, S. F. Sherwood, W. J. Plum
mer, W. L. Deal, J. P. Reavls, H. W.
Houghton, F. O. Everett, S. P. E. His
tory, and C. L. Yancey.
The officers Installed were A. L. Bar
ber, president; George C. Loverlng, vice
president; W. J. Plummer, treasurer; H.
A. Cox, secretary, and T. U Creekmore,
Alpha.
W. C Van Vleck was toastmaster.
Forty members were present.
Largest Morning; Circulation.
DIED.
EARR-Departed this life Friday, March
24, 1911, after a long illness, at his
residence. 1032 Twelfth street north
east. FRANK M. BARR.
Funeral Monday, March "at 2pm
from 1033 Twelfth street northeast.
(New York and Pennsylvania papers
please copy.)
BARR Suddenly, on Saturday, March
ia, laiL at s a. m.. at Everett. Pa..
HARRIET CORMELIUS, wife of
Margin W. Barr.
Funeral announcement hereafter.
BILLINGS Suddenly, on Saturday,
.uoii.ii -i, xjii. hi. ine Higmands.
' GEORGE WARRIN BILLINGS, aged
sixty-one years.
GORDON On Friday, March 24, 1311. sit
1753 Q street. ELIZABETH RING
GOLD SPENCER, wife of the late
MaJ. George Alexander Gordon, Fifth
United States Cavalry, brevet lieu
tenant colonel United States army
and daughter of the lata .Tr.hr, n
Esther Ringgold Spencer, of Mary
land. Private funeral services and Interment
Monday morning.
LAUGH LIN On Friday, March 24 1911
at 8.30 p. m.. at his home, McLean!
Va. MATTHEW J., beloved husband
of Ella J. Laughlln.
Requiem mass at St. Matthew's Church
at 10 o'clock Monday. March 27. In
terment at Mount Olivet.
PHILLIPHS A special meeting of
Washington Aerie. No. IS, Fraternal
9rderof a5les',!? ca,le1 for Mon
day. March 27, 1911, at 8 p. m.. at
the Eagles' Home, to attend the fu
neral of our late brother. L. M. PHIL
LIPHS. "William H. Clarke. Pres
dent J. D. Brltt. Secretary.
ROBINSON-On Thursday. March 23.
1911. at Atlantic City, N. J.. SARAH
SMITH ROBINSON, beloved wlfeof
Henry Robinson, mother of Edith
Robinson, and devoted sister of
Martha Johnson. Eliza Johnson,
Mary Pate. Henrietta Coleman, and
Marie Valentine.
Notice of funeral hereafter.
SMITH-On Sunday, March li, 1911, after
a short Illness, at her home in Acco
keek. Prince George County, Md..
SOPHIA SMITH, aged seventy-one
years.
WOLF Suddenly, on Friday, March 14,
1SU, at 1 a. m JOHN WOLF, aged
seventy-seven years. T
Funeral from chapel of Frank Geler's
Bona. 1113 Seventh street northwest.
on .Monday, March 27, at 2 p. m. In-
"termet at Arlington National Cetne-
tary. ' j
TO THE PUBLIC.
An offer recently made by Mr.
George M. Oyster, Jr., through the
press, to provide infant feeding under
certain conditions, seems to have been
misconstrued by the press and many
of his friends. Mr. Oyster wishes It
understood that he Is not asking the
Chamber of Commerce committee or
any other organization or committee
to accept his proposition, nor Is he
seeking to compete with the Strata
Laboratory or any other association
or organization.
Mr. Oyster says: "More than a year
ago, realizing the necessity of provid
ing pure and clean milk to the worthy
poor, either free or at cost, I ordered
of the Dairy Machinery and Construc
tion Company, of Derby. Conn., a
complete outfit for this purpose.
Thereafter the very commendable
charity was established in this city,
known as the Straus Laboratory,
which fully covered the demands
which I had for a long- time con
templated. Although a large part of
the outfit had been received, and
which is still In my warehouse, I con
celed the balance of the order.
"Observing the difficulty experienced
In raising funds to continue the work
of the Straus Laboratory since the
announced purpose of Mr. Straus to
discontinue its work, and the failure
of Congress to provide therefor at its
last session, I concluded, on my own
behalf, to establish certain stations in
this city at my own expense for in
fant feeding, and to that end have
associated with me certain dis
tinguished gentlemen, who are serving
without compensation, to supervise
and advise in the administration of
this work.
"I have already provided one depot
in Georgetown, one at the Children's
Hospital, in W street, between Twelfth
and Thirteenth streets, and shall pos
sibly provide one ortwo others, at
each of which there will be a compe
tent nurse and advising physicians.
At these stations worthy poor who
may be recommended by some recog
nized charitable organization or prac
ticing physician will be furnished
modified, properly pasteurized, or rea
sonably safe unhealed milk for infant
feeding, either free or at cost, depend
ing upon the financial condition of
the applicant. The nurses at these
stations will visit the homes and as
sist In instructing the mothers in the
care of infants and Infant feeding.
"This proposition is In no sense com
petitive of any other and will be con
tinued for such length of time as the
charity is appreciated and I feel
justified In maintaining the outlay.
"As the field Is large and the poor
always with us, I trust that I may
be permitted to contribute this little
toward the relief of the infant with
out criticism of some supposed ulte
rior motive, and commend, both to
Congress and the public, through Its
contributions, the continuation of tho
Straus Laboratory. There Is ample
room for us both and still opportunity
for others with greater means than
possessed by me to materially extend
the scope of this undertaking, for the
relief of the children of the unfortu
nate." GEO. M. OYSTER, Jr.
SPECIAL NOTICES,
Insist on MILLER'S
BUCKWHEAT
If joa wut tbe triad on which JOT an tlwaj-s
depend for brst results. Yields wholesome Mil
deliaoos griddle ote-gtannteed strictir fare.
B7At tout grocer's. No coasamen supplied.
B. B. EARNSHAW G BRO.
WI0LE8ALK OflOCKRS, 11th iadMsU.se
VIAVI SCICNCE OF HEALTH. NAT
ural, nonsurgical: 400-p. book free. Apply
by mall, 91S Colorado Elds. Free ltctura
for women Wednesdays at 2.39 p. a.
146-tf
"I NEVER DISAPTOINT.-
My Personal Typewriter Letters
go DIRECT to your customer and
produce DIRECT results.
BYRON S. ADAMS, KhE
Hartshorn's Shade Co.
EicIuJire Mirmtirtnrtn of Window Shade.
TU MTU ST. NW. 'Phone IWln SD0I
HAIRDBESSIKG.
WE ARE SOLE AGENTS KOR
BUENA BLACK-HEAD SOAP.
Unsurpassed for treatment of the skin.
MISS CADMAN. 728 11th St. nw.
E-tf 'Phone M. 7S1.
YACTuTJM CLEAUTH'G MACHINES.
IUgina, Diamond. Richmond. Marie. DnnUer.
Hooter, all other makes; free demonstration la
heme; rncea. $5 to 112. cash cr time, all Maui
UM. NATIONAL, tth and D nw. 141
INVENTORS.
BROTHERHOOD OF INVENTORS,
Washington. D. C Have you read last
patent law amendments? Will you help
to (ret further improvement?
191-eoS-tf
FUNERAL DIRECTORS.
JOSEPH GATVLEIVS SOUS,
FU:ERAL DIRECTOItS.
Ertabllibed 1!M.
IIX-8 Prnrujlianla annua northwest. .
apeL Telephone Mala 1SH.
W. R. PUMPHREY & SON,
FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND EUBAIA1KX3.
153 Foorternlh St. nw.
Chapel. 'Phone North SBM.
J. WILLIAM LEE, Funeral Director
and Embalmer. Llierr in connection. Cosunodtoat
Chapel and Modern Crematorium. Modest prices.
133 PennajIraDla are. nw. Telephone Main 1391
GEORGE P. ZURH0RST,
SOI Eaat Capitol Street.
FUNERAL DESIGNS.
FUNERAL FLOWERS,
vi s.nrj ursenpiion Modeniet
It U.D-E.
rtraerat Pedana. ronerU
QE0r C. SHAFFER,
BcetrUfol floral castas tan? naaantto to atsm
"ka
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