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THE WASHINGTON HERALD, MONDAY MARCH 27, 1911.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
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MONDAY. MARCH 27. 1911.
Spring Activity in Heal Estate.
The spring season is opening with
"marked activity in Washington real es
tate. Last week's record of business
shows a decided increase over the same
j period last year, and there is every in
dication that the season throughout will
ibe a record-breaker.
This splendid showing is of great im
iportance to the aty, but it is too logical
to require detailed explanation. In the
i first place, the growth of the National
Capital is so uninterrupted and the ulti
' mate future of the aty as one of the
great capitals of the world is so assured
that the safety of any investment made
here is bejond doubt. It is for this
reason that many wealthy people of
other atics are purchasing Washington
propertv, and some of the largest tracts
are held by vndicates composed of busi
ness men uho are not even residents
here The faith in Washington, so mani
fest with.n our own borders, is wide
spread. The attractiveness of the city
a0 a place of residence is also attested by
the large number who have come from
other municipalities and acquired homes.
The fact that properties which a few
years ago were vacant fields are now
populoush settled 15 so apparent that it
does not need to be emphasized Apart
irnt houses hae been constructed in
e.er section of the cm. and yet the
demand for homes sail continues There
was a time when the average Washmg
tonjn wondered at the steadily increas
ing popu'ation and questioned whether
the high-water mark of real estate de
mand had been reached The day of
mquin has ceased The fact that Wash
ington is not onl persistently progress
ing, but that it is onK on the threshold
of future greatness, is now accepted
without question, and the best witnesses
to the fact are the men who are a
s "ting in this progress through the de
it' ipment of real estate
Eighteen foreigners are being detained
at Boston because no government Inter-p-eter
can be found who understands their
language or can classify their nationality
Thev hold tickets for Seattle, where,
under the initiative and referendum
clause of reform, they may become legis
lators for themselves, and others within
ieven short vears
A Prediction Appallingly Fulfilled.
There must be a melancholy satisfac
tion in the mind of Fire Chief Croker,
of New "iork Gtv, when he recalls that
many months ago he uttered a warning
against the very conditions which made
the fire in the shirt-waist factory so ap
paJing in its sacrifice of human life. Last
November the Newark factory disaster
occurred, destroying twenty lives Mr
Croker had this to sav
"New York may have a fire as deadly
as th one in Newark at any time. The
fire department mav take every precau
tion, make even, examination, but the
best we can do is to hope that we will
escape such a calamity There are build
ings in New York where the danger is
ever bit as Teat a in the building de
stroyed at Newark, and fire in the day
time when emploves are at work would
be accompanied b loss of life What
we should have is an ordinance requiring
fire escapes on every building used for
manufacturing purposes Take, for in
stance, some of the large loft buildings
below Twenty-third street. Emploves go
up to their work in elevators, and many
of them do not even know where the
staircase is located 1 have appeared be
fore manv committees trjmg to have the
ordinance amended. But opposition has
come in no small part from architects
who fear the 'beautv' of the building
-would be destroyed. No emplojes
should be made to take such risks in
Louses without proper fire escapes "
Now that the sacrifice is complete, we
shall probably see a wave of reform
sweep over New York City. What of
the officials, however, who, having been
warned, were indifferent and neglectful
in the exercise of their plain duty. It
is said that in New York the plea was
made that fire escapes would mar the
architectural beauty of the buildings.
This plea has been heard 111 Washing
ton, but here, fortunately, we believe it
has been of little avail and that the au
thorities are enforcing the law. We do
not have in this citj the factory con
ditions which prevail elsewhere, and
there are comparatively few buildings of
inflammable character in which human
"beings are employed or housed. It is
important, however, that in every case
the authorities shall insist upon rigid
-observance of every regulation or law
framed for the safeguarding o'f human
We cannot afford to have a holocaust
tin Washington, and, above all things, we
Wo sot want here an example of the ofir
cial neglect which in New York has
brought hundreds of women and girls
to an untimely and tragic end.
"We are waiting to hear the flaws which
Hobson Is going to discover In the Mika
do's friendly letter to the President, No
doubt he will see something between the
lines that has escaped us alL
Silver lining to Mexico's Cloud.
The resignation of the Mexican cabi
net means nothing less than a moral
victory' for the insurrectos, though the
full effect of the step, of course, can
be measured only after lapse of time.
Members of a cabinet in that country, as
in this, hold office at the pleasure of the
President They are not even confirmed
by the Senate. Let us hope that Presi
dent Diaz will be willing to replace these
advisers by men who will not be afraid
of urging needed reforms, such as Senor
Limantour suggested in his Paris inter
view. All those who wish Mexico well
are most earnest in their hope that a
liberal government will be established.
The world has passed the stage when
any nation in touch with modern civili
zation and undergoing industrial devel
opments similar to those occurring now
in Mexico should be ruled by an iron
The revolution lives because there are
real and substantial grievances. Noth
ing will check it but the granting of re
forms. The Mexicans are tired of being j
subjected to the will of arbitrary pro
vincial governors, backed by ever-threatening
armed rurales. It is significant
that Limantour, the only Mexican leader
who had dared to oppose the old auto
crat, is the one chosen to reorganize the
administration, and if this reorganiza
tion can be peacefully accomplished, it is
solely because President Taft placed
20.000 men on the Mexican frontier.
Without the presence of our troops,
ready to uphold order and to protect
foreign interests, the collapse of the
Diaz regime and the resignation of his
cabinet would have resulted in revolu
tion in every Mexican city and disorder
and plunder in every Mexican state
If the crisis in Mexico results in the
recognition of the masses of the people,
as against the oligarchy of wealthy
landowners who have been especially
favored by the Diaz regime; if it shall
infuse youthful and progressive blood
into the administration ; if it shall change
a mild despotism into a real republican
form of government, it will mark an
advance in Mexico's history which will
be an epoch in that country's career
Dcbatmg societies In search of topics
might discuss whether the harem skirt
is singular or plural, or whether It is
masculine or feminine
Germany's Care of Inebriates.
Recognizing alcoholism as a disease,
the German municipalities have under
taken a work wruch is certain to attract
attention in this, country. There are
eleven cities in Germany at the present
time maintaining clinics giving especial
attention to persons addicted to the
liquor habit, wnile others give financial
support or co-operate with the many pri
vate associations for the cure of drunk
ards established by charitable individ
uals Invitations to accept the assist
ance of these clinics appear in the form
of public advertisements, the three large
prohibition societies, the Anti-Alcoholic
League, the Good Templars, and the
Blue Cross, being most active in this
The literature which these organiza
tions distribute shows that they regard
drinking as a physical defect, to be
treated with medical care, kindness, and
patience The cause of the habit,
whether due to heredity, unemployment,
physical deficiency, or nervous disease.
j is carefullv investigated and the patient
is placed under the supervision of a
corps of trained workers, medical and
social, who do everything physically,
spiritual!, and psychologically that mav
be necessary to bring the unfortunates
back to a normal state. For a period of
six months or more they are cared for,
with a clean place to live in, clean food,
clean clothes, and regular work. The
latest methods adopted in sanatonums
for persons suffering from nervous dis
eases are adopted, and when the patient
is strong enough and capable of work
ing he is kept busy a good part of the
day on the roads and in the fields. Fresh
air plays an important part in the cure.
It is by these means that Germany is
attempting to solve an interesting problem-
We are learning more about Mexico
now In a day than ordinarily we would
Aerial Mail in India.
Recent mails which have reached
England from India brought with them
a postmark which should prove of spe
cial interest to collectors in years to
come, as possessors of this postmark will
have an official souvenir of what is
claimed to be the first aerial post in the
world. The postmark is encircled by
the inscription : "First Aerial Post U. P.
Exhibition, Allahabad," and there is also
a design of an aeroplane crossing the
mountains, with the year 191 1 denoted.
The history of this new departure is
interesting. Capt. Windham, the com
mander, wanted to demonstrate, by
means of practical experiment, how the
aeroplane could be used by a besieged
town to communicate with the outside
world. Accordingly, he obtained the
sanction of the director general of post
offices in India to inaugurate an aerial
post at the United Provinces Exhibition
at Allahabad, and a die was especially
cut, with which each letter sent by the
aerial post was marked. The post-office,
while agreeing to the experiment, would
sanction no charge above the ordinary
rates of postage, but a scheme was de
vised whereby the occasion was made to
benefit the new buildings of the Oxford
nd Cambridge Hospital at Allahabad.
Over the ordinary rate a fee of six an
nas was charged for each letter or post
card thus delivered.
The letters were conveyed by aero
plane from the exhibition to a receiving
office in Allahabad, and were there dis
tributed in the usual way. and it is
therefore claimed that the letters are the
first in the world to be dispatched by
aeroplane from a government post-office
in the ordinary course of business. Let
ters posted in Calcutta on February 10,
traveling by way of the Allahabad acrul
post and Bombay, reached London
It is all wrong to talk of enacting a
law prohibiting insanity pleas in crimi
nal cases. The recent conviction of a
woman at Albany, N Y., for killing her
little son points a moral in relation to
this proposal After a trial of nine days
the jury found the woman guilty of mur
der in the second degree, rejecting the
plea of insanity which had been set up
for her; and the judge sentenced her to
imprisonment for twenty vears
What would be the effect upon the
public mind of such a sentence if the
law had prohibited the making of that
plea? It is doubtless true that under
a changed law, as planned in that State,
an inquiry as to the mental condition of
the woman would have been provided
for; but if she had not been found in
sane and committed to an asylum, the
jury would have been required to pass
judgment upon her without being per
mitted to make allowance for the possi
bility that she was mentallv irresponsi
ble when he committed the act or to
hear any evidence bearing on that ques-1
The result would have been either
a conviction, which would arouse sym
pathy w ith the condemned woman, or an
acquittal obviously at variance with the
evidence that was permitted to reach the
jurv In either event, the result would
have been demoralizing The right of
an accused to plead insanity is his per
sonal privilege under a constitution, but
it is not his right to abuse this privi
lege to delay or circumvent the law
Some Boston women are organizing a
club where thej may bmoke How often
will the cigarette be allowed to go out
during sewing circle gossip
The report that a "benedictinc " abbot
has cooped with a divorcee is a fine mor
sel for the prohibitionists
Just the same, the California senate
persirts In trjing to prohibit alien land
The cat which survived the bombard
ment of the Texas is entitled to a pen
sion for the rest of her days.
Gold export will soon be increased. We
read that two princes and twenty counts
are here to" hunt for American heiresses
with a view to matrimonv..
Some men cannot look for anything
better from public opinion Uian a hung
Isii t the news item of a rooster hatch
ing out a set of eggs calculated o instill
new vigor into the suffragette movement"
Those who are in society never act as
ridiculously as those who ar trying to
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
The robin is upon the wing.
The daffodil adorns the spring.
But I applaud that helpful thing.
The young radish
The bluebird has attractive ways.
The jonquil shines in roundelays.
But reallv I prefer fo praise
The spring onion
The floral beauties and their kith
Are things of moment and of pith.
But what is there the matter with
The first shortcake
A Quick Shift.
"I have given up candy for Lent,"
"Too bad; I have Just bought jou a
"In that case I will give up cranberry
"I think Til fix up a cozy corner."
"Good idea. I did that once and the
cat never came Into the house again "
Would Have Had to Move.
"John, the janitor's son whipped Jimmy
"Well, that no great calamity. Sup
pose Jimmy had whipped the Janitor's
Winter sneaked out. It would seem.
Ere a line
Could be printed on the theme
Of its spine.
"Did you notice that pianist's beautiful
"Yes, and he would be simply irresist
ible If he would make- ft up Into puffs."
7m a little dubious about buying the
"Still, the owner says he has good
reasons for wanting to yell."
"I've no doubt he has But how are
we going to find out what they arc?"
A Candid Suitor.
"Can you support my daughter In good
"I'll do my best, Ir. I must admit;
however, that we shall have to buy the
furniture upon the Installment plan."
Baltimore Girls 3ot Slow.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Baltimore girls are not so slow, after
alL One of them has been divorced
twice and suffered two elopements inside
of three years. We should say that the
South Is setting enterprising.
La Follette to the Front.
Pram the rrcnidmoo Telegram.
For & counter-demonstration to the
peaceful maneuvers 00 the Mexican bor
der Senator La Follette' Indicates a readi
ness to mobilize himself on Mr. Taft's
HE "CUBED" CHTJECH SLEEPEES.
Bishop Relates Method Adopted bj
Hlm When Pastor of Small Pariah.
A well-known and, popular bishop often
relates with great gusto the following
amusing little episode:
"Many years ago," he says, "in the
earliest days of my ministry, when in
charge of a small parish In a Northern
county. I was much vexed during the
Sunday services at the somnolent pro
pensities of the major portion of my
"Rebukes and reproofs were of little
avail At last I determined on a new.
and, perhaps, unique, course of treat
ment. It was one Sunday afternoon in
the depth of winter: and after all had,
as usual, fallen asleep soon after the
commencement of mv discourse I care
fully lowered my voice until presently it
became a mere whisper, and then ceased
"Then, nolsclesslv. I quitted the pulpit,
and. after disrobing, stealthily stole out.
quietly closed the door after me and left
my unconscious hearers alone in their
"What they said when they presently
awoke and found the service concluded
and themselves In darkness, I know not.
At any rate, my drastic method of pro
cedure proved successful, for sleepers
were rare afterward."
OECHAED FEUIT IN EUROPE.
Annual Imports Into Great Britain
AirsrreKate About $nO,000,000.
From Cbcsulir Kcpnru.
Western Europe offers an inviting mar
ket for green fruits and cspcciallv ap
ples, oranges, bananas, and grapes. Eng
land is the principal market, but the
Netherlands. Norwav, Belgium. Germanv,
and France also import considerable
The annual imports of fruits and nuts
used as fruit. Into the United Kingdom
aggregate roundly W) 000,000 The British
official reports for the calendar vcar 1910
placed the total at J.V),33S,105, to which
apples contributed $10.6St,272. oranges
$11,035,756 bananas, JSKSOa: grapes. $3.
30S.SK. pears, JJ.K9.623 lemons. $".300,215.
and plums $3 112.(76. th-sc cveral items
constituting SI per cent of the whole
Nuts imported and used as fruit amount
ed to $7 117 251. of which nearly one-half
was credited to almonds. Other fruits
enumerated were cherries, $.'.92,203. cur
rants. $534 S67. strawberries, $152. SS3 and
gooseberries. $116.SS1 L'nenumerated arti
cles we-e valued at $1,607,201 All the
fruits named were in the raw or green
The three fruits that rrcet with great
est popular favor are apples, oranges,
and bananas, and the demand Is steadv
and progressive Most of the smaller
fruits and a considerable quantitv of or
anges are used in the manufacture of
jams and preserves but the consumption
ir their natural state of the three vari
eties named is not materiallv affeetrd bv
the requirements of the manufacturers
Prof. Vediti's Statement.
Editf Th- WaihinrU Htnld
I do not believe there were more than
ten civil war pensioner out of a hundred
who did not hear the bullets whistle In
other word. 1 believe 90 per cent of
them artuallv participated In battle I
base mv conclusions upon the fact that
4 per cent of the survivors served fou
yeirs and more, 21 per cent three jears
and less than four. 22 per cent two
vears and less than three Zt per cent
one year and less than two, and 2S per
cent le&s than one vear It is safe to
presume that the 72 per cent who served
more than one vear and a large percent
age of those who served less than one
year participated in battle.
Service pensions a-e granted only to
those who actually served ninety das
or more during the civil war Wounds
and disabilities incurred In the- service
and line of duty give title to pension
under the general law
The statement attributed to Prof Will
lam A. Veditz. that not 10 per cent of the
surviving pensioners heard the bullets
whistle, is a reckless one, to say the
least. 3 b. rmEM'ORT. Oonanuzuatz
Pensiro Bcreau. March 25.
The Crown of the "World.
Frci Tooth 5 Cxnimon
The survevs made by the Duke of the
Abruzzl during his recent climbs In
the Karakoram Range of the Himala
yas bring up to seven the number of
peaks on "the roof of the world" which
are known to exceed 27 000 feet In
height These are Mount Everest.
"K2. the two peaks of Kancharjunga.
Makalu, Teram, Kangri, and Broad
Peak Round these giants tower
dozens of others that dwarf Chlm
borazo, a number of which exceed 24.
000 or 25.0000 feet. The wild splendor
and beauty presented by this glittering
assemblage of snowy mountains are
faintly reflected In such names as
Bride Peak and the Golden Throne.
Aviators Jfot Daunted.
Frcta the Boston Tramenpt.
The mortality among aviators instead
of reducing the number of aspirants for
glory in that profession appears only to
stimulate their ambition. As Wilbur
Wright was leaving New York for Eu
rope he gave out the statement that since
the deaths of Johnstone and Hoxcy he
and his brother had received an average
of a hundred letters a day more than be
fore those fatalities, the total number of
applications for a chance to risk necks
being between 9.000 and 10.000. If avia
tion fails to become a practical success,
it will not be for lack of volunteers ready
to sacrifice themselves a3 demonstrators.
A Lone Time Waiting.
From the Kansu Citj Star.
Some fifty years ago, when Francis N.
Sheppard. now living at Gilliam. Saline
County, Kans.. joined the Union army,
he had $376 in cash Later the $376. to
gether with $456 he had won. was taken
from him for gambling In the ranks,
and he was sent to prison. At the ex
piration of his imprisonment the $375
was tendered him. but the $456 was not.
Sheppard refused to accept the $376 un
less the $450 also was paid him. And all
these vears Sheppard has been trying to
ret Congress to pay him.
Rooseielt on Religion.
From tho Ne York TtoM.
United States Civil Service Commission,
Washington. D. C, Nov. ?7. 1SS9.
My Dear Sir: Of course a politician
can be a Christian: he will never do real
ly first-class work in politics unless he
applies the rules of morality and Chris
tianity as rigidly In public as in private
life. Yours truly,
For Aeronauts to Answer.
From the Albany Journal.
Wilbur Wright predicts that tho price
of aeroplanes will soon bo within reach
of all. Then where will the price of
Ufe insurance go?
Hovr to Avoid Publicity.
Fran the Topekx Capital.
One way to avoid publicity and atten.
tion is to become a bridegroom.
HAVE BEEN ACCEPTED
The collection of coronation hymns,
just published, have been submitted to
their British majesties, who have ac
cepted the dedication. One, written by
the Bishop of Durham and another, writ
ten by the Dean of Westminster, have
been set to music bv Sir Frederick
Bridge Sir George C. Martin, organist
of St. Paul's: Sir Walter Parratt, master
of music to the King, and Sir John
Stainer have composed the tunes of other
hjmnp, of which there are ten In all.
The first verse of the Bishop of Dur
ham s hjmn is as follows
Lr th Kinr in state ard srlrxiar
JVirs th crown upro his brow.
Chief ard rnnod romae render.
Kneehns for the Knishtly to.
Lord of I-nrds. be hu defeoder
Sare Uun eier sarc him uow.
The hvmn which was written for the
Jublle" of Queen lctoria has been
adapted for the coronation with one or
two slight alterations and is suitable for
1 children s service Perhaps the best
supplementary vcrrc to the national
nnthem is that supplied by Mr. Martin
With Bnzlind erOTrn tCHlar
We bail our hn; "d p-aj
God mi th Kins'
Gnidr him in happiceM.
Guard him in siorm and stress,
Then in Thr kingdom Mr
And crown our hie;'
But five verges of national anthem Is
quite enough, though in Chili thev have
fortv in Siam. sixty-six, and in Uruguay,
Special hmns and revised versions of
the national anthem are making their
appearance "God have Our Gracious
Kins" has its protolvpe In the Agln
court inthera, tl.e last verse of which
Now jieioos tiod. He satf our Kirs,
TIis r-plf and all h well willinf
Gire Mm jond life and Rood endin-.
That with mirth mar tafch sinz
Dct GnUas, Anjtia mldo pro Tictnna.
Whif-h is old Englih is a far better
affair than many of the wheezy efforts
of to-dav No'v that extra verses to
the national anth"m are floating about,
one ma bo grateful for small improve
ments. For the additional verses of a by
gone (hv were enough to kill loyalty
altogether Take this for Instance,
wherewith the Duko of Clarence was
greeted when as lord high admiral of
Kngland. he took Louis XVIII across the
God saTe noble Clarencr
Who bnn her Kirs to F-acoe.
fiM sare Clarence.
He maintains the zlarr
Of the British narr
O God male him harry:
God sare Clarence.
One of the most dreadful attempts at
fourth verse for the nat'onal anthem
was that given apparently In all good
faith Ir an old Hanoverian musical work
It runs thus
God taie rreat C.rrrf crcr Ktrr.
Lots lite oiir noble Kins.
God sare the Kirs
Pend os roast bef m ttore
If it's sur-e erd us some B.
And the i-t of the cellar doo
That e may drink.
Th hostesses who are arranging coro
nation balls are sufficient! numerous
One hears of a roval ball at Devonshire
House of two at Stafford House and of
one at Londonderry House The Duc'iess
"t Norfolk the Duchess of Marlborough.
the Duchess of Westminster, the Duchess
of Poitland. and the Duchess of Rutland
are amon.c those w ho are arranging
dances, which win be attended by mem
bers of the roval familv Some difficult
n'av he experienced in fixing the dates
of these and other affairs for of course,
hostesses will be anxious to avoid clash
ing When It Is remembered that the
Marchioness of Lansdowne, the Mar
chioness of Salisbury, the Countess of
Derby the Countess of Ellesmere. Vis
countess Iveagh. Lady Farquhar not to
mention other society leaders, intend to
organize entertainments, and that the
various embassies will arrange dances,
It will be seen that the problem of ar-
ranging suitable, dates Is a real on. But
hostesses who are anxious on this score
rrav console themselves with the thought
that the coronation festivities so far as I ""e rnu.y . uwuuB ,,.i, .,ttvC uc
. . . . 1. ,. izun and ended
society Is concerned, will last several
weeks, and ma even extend until grouse
ETtracrdmarv sums are being asked for
the rents of West End flats and houses
for the coronation season, and as an in
dication of the high prices likely to be
obtained for good views of the proces
sion, the occupier of a house In St. James
street has let It to a wealthy American
who has contracted to pay ta.CX) for the
day Two thousand five hundred to 5.000
guineas are being asked for the season
for houses about Grosvenor Square. In
Belgravia the prices range from 500 to
1,000 guineas, and 1.100 guineas for the
larger houses while In the Hyde Park
district. Including Bayswater and Ken
sington, the rents are anything from 600
to 600 guineas, and similar rents are be
ing asked for flats.
In the opinion of one well-known agent,
these prices are altogether too excessive,
and instead of good business being done,
there Is the likelihood of a slump iu
house letting unless there is a modera
tion in the rents asked. "Fancy rents,"
he said, "will keep prospective tenants
to hotels, or keep them out of I-ondon
altogether. And I might mention that
the supply of houses to be let exceeds
the demand "
Rerfernng to coronations of the past.
It is interesting to note that whereas
seats and rooms at the coronation of
Queen Victoria and King- Edward
fetched anything from 100 to $2,300, in
the very early days scats formerly
could be had for as low as a farthing.
The earliest recorded price paid for
coronation seats was in the reign of
Edward I, when a few extravagant
sightseers are reported to have spent
a "Q- a coin equivalent to half a
farthing or a quarter of a cent for a
good place from which to view the
pageant. At the coronation of Ed
ward III a scat cost a halfpenny: Rich
ard III. a penny: Henry V, two pence,
and in Henry VTs reign the frequency
of coronations caused them to pall on
the public taste, with the result that
the price went down to a halfpenny. It
rose again with Edward IV to two
pence, which was the standard price
until Henry VII, when it was a whole
groat. At Queen Elizabeth's corona
tion the charge was a tester, or six
pence: at James I's, a shilling, and was
advanced to half a crown at the cor
onation of Charles II and James II.
At that of King William and Mary it
was a crown, and at George's IPs a
guinea. Increasing slightly with each
successive reign until that of George
(Oopjriiht, 1311, bj MoCiare Newspaper Brndicate.)
LITTLE KNOWN FACTS ABOUT WELL-KNOWN PERSONS.
HAROLD McGRATH. th,e novelist. Is a clever billiard player.
Ex-Gov. FRANK S. BLACK, of New York, was formerly a newspaper
reporter at Albany.
EDWARD PENFIELD, the artist, was the originator of the art poster
CYRUS ADLER. of the Smithsonian Institution, is an Oriental student
and an authority on Jewish history.
"PARSON" DAVIES, the veteran prize-fight promoter, was given his
soubriquet by the late 'William H. Vanderbllt. one night at Madison
Square Garden. Vanderbllt said: "That fellow looks more like a
parson than a sporting man." Davie' right name. Charles E., has
been forgotten ever since.
EDWIN LEFEVRE, the writor of Wall street romances, was born at
Colon. Republic of Panama, In 1371.
IMPOSED ON CHINA
Oriental Nation Not Able to
Pekin, March 26,-China has decided
not to resist the demands made upon
her in the ultimatum sent jesterda from
Russia, and as a result tho Chinese
foreign board to-day notified the Russian
Minister here. M Korostovctz. that a
note formally acquiescing in the de
mands of the Czar's government will be
delivered to-morrow. Several conferences
between members of the foreign board
preceded the notification of the surrender
on the part of Chlra.
It is understood that the board was
practically unanimous In the opinion that
China was powerless to insist on her
view of the questions under discussion
FOE OF THE PEOPLE
Anti-Trust League Officials
Write Open Letter.
Characterizing as "Cannon's Fitzger
ald" the Representative whom the Demo
cratic Committee on Committees of the
House has named as chairman of the
Committee on Appropriations, the Ameri
can Anti-Trust League has addressed a
letter to that bodj, in which a strong
protest is registered against the appoint
ment It is set forth that J J Fitzserald is
ja Representative, not of the people, but
of the "Cannon trust system." and is,
therefore, not a fit man for the place
Citing the attempt to overthrow the Can
non rules, the letter says
"We point to his record to show that In
the crucial hour he stood by Cannon and
the sjstem against the action of pro
gressive and patriotic members of both
political parties. oJid against the Inter
ests of the people "
It is asserted that Mr Fitzgerald did
not favor the stanlev resolution to inves
tigate the steel trust that he was hostile
to an amendment to the navy bill pro-
I hibi'ing the purchase of "trust" armor
ani structural steel, that he saved the
I cav for the "special facilities subsidy
to the railroad trust" by his vote on the
nint1' Congress, and that he owes his
prc-ent standing on the Committee on
App-oprlatlons to Mr Cannon
The letter 13 signed by Herman J
Schultcis as vice chairman and by H B
Martin as secretary of the Anti-Trust
CHINATOWN TO MOVE.
Bents in loop District, Chicago,
Going Too High.
Chicago. March. 26 The prospective
moving of Chinatown in Chicago is giving
real estate buyers of the West and South
sides much concern, for as yet Frank
Moy and the other magnates of South
Clark street do not know where they will
locate, or If thev do know they are not
telling Their advent will make a big
ilifr.-.n... in art-v Hfctrlt Pnt linvo
1 -.,.. -
!m6 t0 hiEn for the Chlncse "
The Ioop District has crept up and sur
rounded the Chinese si-ops and tenements.
"Thirty-five ears ago." said a leader
of the merchant body. "we could rent a
store and basement for $40 a month
Now a store rents for $230 a month and
the basement for about $70 "
The decision to migrate was taken at
a meeting of the On Leon Tons, the
great organization of Celestial merchants,
and. according to their plans. South
Clark street will be deserted by its pres
ent inhabitants within a year. Accord
ing to the Chinese calendar, this mo
mentous move will be made In the year
46C6. or. the forty-eighth year of tho
seventy-sixth evele of sixty ears It Is
a notable year In the calendar anyway,
for It Is a leap jear with 3M days.
MORSE DYING IN PEIS0N.
Gsrnor Reaches ew York and
Talks of Danker.
New Tork. March 26. John F Gaynor.
who was released from the United
States penitentiarj at Atlanta last Fri
day, s-pent to-night at the Hoffman
House. He Is on his way to Syracuse,
N. Y. Mr. Gaynor said he thought
Charles W. Morse ought to be freed
from prison because the confinement
seemed to be affecting his mind.
"Mr. Morse wont live out the full term
of his sentence." he said. "He is pretty
well along in vears as it is, and prison
life does not make a man any healthier
and sometimes It works the other way.
Mr. Gaynor said he had no plans for
the future except to get welL
"I have been sick for five years," he
said "I am told that I have locomotor
ataxia and I am going to try doctorin;
until I am helped."
COUNTRY BOYS STRONGER.
StntiBtlcs at Cornell Favor Students
from Rural Districts.
Ithaca, N. Y . March 26. Students from
the country districts show up better
physically than those from the cities, ac
cording to a compilation made dj- men
in the department of history and political
science at Cornell University. From the
measurements of 1.723 students who en
tered In 19CS and 1909, the statistics were
There were 991 men from the country
and 732 city-bred students. For the pur
pose of the tables every place with a
population of 25.0C0 was considered a city.
The statistics show that the country
bred students were half an inch taller,
three and one-half pounds heavier, and
had slightly greater chest expansion.
The Garrulous American,
Rev. 'Austen K. De Blots, of Chicago,
who not long ago went abroad as a dele
gate to the World's Conference of Mis
sions, and was recently seen at the Ar
lington, in speaking of his observations
"The American abroad is more garru
lous under the dome of the Pantheon and
ir the awful shadows of the templed
majesty of the ages than he is in the
streets of Omaha and Kaiuas City. Italy
is full of American tourists. They do
cot mind the weather I have never seen,
half so many of our countrymen In Rome
b'ore at an season. You always know
when they are near. They do not at
tempt to conceal their thoughts. Toi
cannot keep the average American quiet
when vou get him on foreign soli. He is.
irresistibly voluble "
Comparing London and Berlin, Rev.
Mr De Blois said: "It is somewhat of a.
shock to come from Berlin or Paris to
London 1-ondon streets are narrow: Eer
lin streets are broad. London streets run
in three directions at once: in Berlin one
can see straight ahead. Berlin is radiant
with parks and flowers. London cares
more for the almighty pound sterling
London is dirty; Berlin as clean as a
whistle. Berlin has no Fuch section as
East London, with its mvnads of help
less, wretched people. Berlin is bright
and gay and light and beautiful
"The English posses-s more than thelr
share of the virtues They are honest,
hospitable, and sensible, but they are
unaccountably peevish when they begin.
to talk about America. They get their
ideas of America chiefly from such.
souri.es as Buffalo Bill's Wild West show.
An intelligent and educated Englishman,
admitted to me that he supposed Chicago
was the chief rallying point for the cow
boys of the West,"
A movement for the reform of certain.
social usages Is on foot in Germany, ac
cording to August V. Berker, of Liepzig.
who was seen at the Raleigh
"The reformers say that German man
ners .ire far too formal and ostentatious.
They object particularly to the custom
ary method of exchanging salutations on.
the street According to tho unwritten
law of the land, two German gentlemen
who are acquainted greet each other by
removing their hats with a sweeping,
"In Baden about a year ago a society
was organized especially to discourage
this practice. The members are pledged
to greet their men friends by simply
touching the rim of the hat in a sort of
"How much opposition the reformers
have to overcome if they are to be suc
cessful is shown by the case of an official
of the finance ministry of Hesse-Darm
stadt. As a loyal member of the society
be declined to greet his superior official.
the finance minister, in the customary
fashion, and used the more democratic
German greeting adopted by his fellow
reformers. Although the society num
bers 1.000 members in Darmstadt and the
grand duke himself views its work wlt'i
favor, the official was fcund guilty of
disrespect to his superior and fined 20
marks. A large part of the German
press regards the innovation with favor,
and it is not Impossible that in the near
future tnere will be a simplification of
The raising of live stock m Oregon, ac
cording to Philip K. Steele, of Portland.
Oreg , who is at the National. Is becom
ing one of tho great factors in the devel
opment of the State. "The conditions
are ideal for stock raising and dairying.
Grass lasts throughout the entire year
in many portions of the Commonwealth.
"The State's lumber wealth Is enor
mous." continued Mr. Steele. "The gov
ernment estimates that one-sixth of tho
standing timber in the United State3
grows In Oregon, this being much mon
than is to be found In any other State,
This asset is being marketed every day.
In the export of this product and that of
wheat and flour Oregon has built up a
giant commerce that sends vessels sail
ing toward practically every port tn the
world, and especially to those of Alaska,
and the Orient. The Orient consumes
most of the exports of wheat and flour
from Oregon, although nany of the ship
ments go to Europe.
"Oregon poultry raising Is becoming a
profitable industry, although the State s
resources are so varied that no one crop
is depended upon. Poultry raising, how
ever. Is becoming more general with the
constant stream of newcomers to the
State. The State also is second In the
Lnion in the production of wooL Fish
eries are an important resource, the Co
lumbia River salmon having long occu
pied first place In the markets of the
world. Hop3 are grown extensively, and
Oregon mines are valuable wealth pro
ducers." Pats Blame on Japs.
Frank admission that the Japanese
immigrants themselves are responsible
for all the trouble over the Immigration
question was recently made by an officer
of the Tokyo government, the director of
the quarantine office. Mr. Hiranuma.
Dealing particularly with the Japanese.
In Hawaii, Mr. Hiranuma indulged In
open criticism of the members of the
Japanese community, alleging that their
failure to appreciate the institutions of
the country In which they are living and
to assimilate with the people is the basic
reason for such anti-Japanese sentiment
as may exist. Mr. Hiranuma does not
hesitate to make comparisons between
Chinese and Japanese settlers, to the dis
paragement of his own fellow-countrymen.
Instead of picturing the Japanese
abroad as the victims of a causeless
prejudice that Is an Insult to the race, he
tells some plain truths about them. He
shows no sympathy for that, other phase
of the criticism of ths Japanese "yellow"
press that Japanese who remain too
long In the United States become "too
American," and should therefore bo
scorned by their fellows but. on the con
trary, points out that their failures are
due to their remaining "too Japanese"
A military dream of territorial expan
sion for Japan finds no Indorsement at
his hands. "It is useless," he said, "for
Japan to expect any grjat territorial ex
pansion. AU that can be done is to en
large the sphere of the Japanese as in
dividuals. In this way the expansion of
the Japanese race means the victory of
Japan. In order to accomplish this the
Japanese mus assimilate,"
Doable-crossine T. R,
Fran the New Orleans Time.
And then again. Mr. Taft may havo
ordered the muster In Texas to prevent
tho monopoly of public attention and in
terest by Col. Roosevelt's wins round
'- i " ;