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THI WASEJXGTO EIXAXD, SUJfDAY, JUTTX f f, ltll.
IHE WASHINGTON HERALD
J822 NEW YORK AVENUE N. W.
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SPECIAL AGENCY, Brunnrlek BaUdJac
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SUNDAY. JUNE Z. 1911.
Womau Suffrage in England.
The many women readers of The
Washington Herald who have been dis
cussing the question of woman suffrage
in the columns of our woman's page
will be interested in the facts which Ida
Husted Harper has recently made
known concerning the movement in
Great Britain, Nearly all of the Ameri
can papers have contented themselves
with printing pictures of militant suf
fragettes which, while picturesqce, were
not especially informing. It is, there
fore, of some value to have a.cjear and
instructive anaylsis of the progress
which has been made in England in the
effort to endow woman with the right
The woman suffrage bill in the House
of Commons has passed its second read.
ing by a vote of 255 to 88, a majority
of 167; a larger majority than the pres
ent Liberal government his been able
to command for any of its own meas
ures since it came into power in 1906.
Whether the measure will be allowed to
go to its third reading and final vote
is the question now agitating the suf
fragists. They know that six times In
previous jears their bill has been ar
bitrarily halted ere it reached the voting
stage, but they arc also relying upon
the promise of Premier Asquith that at
, this session it would be allowed to reach
a vote. It was, in fact, the deliberate
prevention of a vote in the past which
led the women suffragists to abandon
their former conservative methods and
adopt the militant demonstration.
Should the'vote be again prevented they
will make a protest which will agitate
the entire kingdom.
The ote in the House of Commons
is apparently an accurate reflection of
popular sentiment upon the subject
Eighty-four towns and city councils
have asked Parliament to pass the bill.
In this list, Manchester, Birmingham,
Liverpool, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and
Dublin are included. Mien's leagues to
help the cause are being formed in large
numbers, and the London University
convocation, by a vote of 247 to 28,
ent a deputation to the prime minister
to urge favorable action. As for the
organizations of women, it is said that
every one of consequence in Great Brit
ain has fully indorsed the bill.
Even if the measure should pass, it
will not place the women upon full
equality with the men. It enfranchises
"every woman householder," and this in
cludes married women if they do not
vote in the same constituent that is, U
they "can qualify" on a different prop
erty from the, husbands. The word
"householder" includes all women who
pay rent, ev en though it be only a hil
ling a week for a single room. Even
with its limitations, however, the bill,
if passed, will give a tremendous im
petus to the cause of woman suffrage,
especially in this English-speaking coun
try, where the movement has already,
gained considerable force. Campaigns
for a suffrage amendment are now in
progress in Kansas, Oregon, and Cali
fornia, while in Wisconsin the legis
lature has already submitted the ques
tion to the voters to be- voted upon next
The Dickens Centenary.
The centenary o'f Dickens' birth is to
be celebrated next ear, and there is a
natural revival of interest in the great
English novelist Americans have long
since forgiven the unkind things which
he said about us in his travel note?, not
only because tney were doubtless true
in a large measure, but also because
there is a wholesome respect in this
country for Jus genius.
The position to be' accorded Charles
Dickens in the literary world has al
ways Deen a troublesome problem.
Some critics cannot endure him. They
laugh at the sentimentality which marks
some of his work, as jn the description
of the death of Paul Bombey and tfeey
insist that his. pictures of life were
drawn upon a low scale All th any
bt true, and yet, all the eritlcs and pur
ists m the world Jo the .contrary not
, withstanding, he could descrHw tHa&aa
nature with wonderful fidelity, -He
crtee characters, in fcUott fcc
names will never die. Pickwick tmA
ttctwber and Fecksmff. add" tJ
JHM-wttii the name W.tfce aafk who
movmL e4 had their hwog rek p
vitality with -which. faeJavMtaa then
in his books. In the face of the coo.
tinued popularity of ick' novels
1pnr after- their author , dead; and
when even the conditioss which lie pic
tured in "Bleaks Hote" and "Oliver
Twist" no longer exist, -It ir absurd to
endeavor to relegate ht to oblivion.
Dickens may not, as so e insist, be
worthy to be mentioned in the same
breath with Balzac and'Thackeray, but
he nevertheless occupied, and still occu
pies, a field all his own. No one has
ever quite equaled him in the deline
ation of certain phases of character
the people in the lower middle class.
as the late William S. Gilbert would
say, and with whom he came info dose
relation when he worked as a news-f
paper reporter.. His field of observa
tion may have been restricted, but as
a chronicler of life within that sphere
he certainly has ""no rival in English
We respectfully invite the attention of
our police and health authorities to a
circular letter issued by Police Com
missioner Waldo, of New York City, as
"Attention is directed to section 181
of the sanitary code, which makes the
emission of smoke bv automobiles a
violation oi the sanitary code. ,
"All members of the department will
be held strictly responsible for the en
forcement of this ordinance."
We do not know whether our health
regulations or our police regulations
contain a prohibition such as is found
in the New York law, but if they do
nor, the omission ought to be promptly
rectified. The Police Court of this city
is dealing rigorously with the disturb
ers of public peace and comfort who in
sist upon attaching to their automobiles
all manner of ear-pkreing and nerve-
destroying horns, but the nuisance of
the smoking automobile still exists.
Only yesterday three motor cars went
down Fourteenth street emitting veri
table clouds of foul-smelling smoke. It
literally befogged the atmosphere and
filled the eyes, nostrils, and lungs of
every unfortunate pedestrian who hap
pened to be in the neighborhood. The
passengers in the cars are indifferent
to the discomfort which they cause
others, because the smoke trails after
them. The people in the streets who
do not own automobiles are subjected
to the nuisance, which, owing to the
laxity of the authorities, is growing
Surely some regulation can be framed
which will compel automobilists to
manifest some regard for the health and
comfort of the rest of the public.
The Eecord of the House.
When, upon the Saturday preceding
the assembling of Congress 'in extraor
dinary session, the Democrats of the
House met in caucus; they decided upon
a programme of legislation. With re
markable unanimity they have, labored
to carry this programme into execution,
and the success which has attended their
endeavors is shown by the record of
It is worth while to recall in detail the
work which the Democrats assigned
themselves, as follows:
Election of United States Senators by
vote of the people
Legislation referring to the publicity
of campaign contributions, before and
The Canadian reciprocity agreement
general tariff legislation, and legislation
affecting the revenues of the govern
ment The reapportionment of the House to
conform to the thirteenth census.
Resolutions of inquiry and resolutions
touching upon investigations of the
Admission of New Mexico and Ari
Legislation relating to the District of
Them-st item was passed on April 13,
the second on April 14, the Canadian
reciprocity agreement on April 21, the
reapportionment bill on April 27, and
the bill for the admission of New Mexi
co and Arizona on May 23. The first
step toward general tariff legislation
was taken in the passage of a bill re
vising the wool schedule on June 20,
while promptitude has been shown in
dealing with' the investigation of the
executive departments. Thus every
pledge given by the Democratic House
has been redeemed, save th 5ne which
relates to District legislation, and to the
extent that an inquiry is to be made
into matters affecting local finances and
assessments this sole remaining item
has alsd received consideration.
In addition to, this, the Democrats
have also done effective work in reduc
ing the expenses of maintaining the
House by cutting off a Jarge number of
unnecessary officials, despite'' the tremen
dous pressure upon them to provide
places for constituents. AH this wOfk
has been accomplished wrthoat-fncuon
and with unusual expedition.
The record of Democratic majorities
in th-e House in the ptst hac pot bn
so commendable It is cm to recall
the time ,wbR the Democratic party, at
ait OfjpuMaatroav seemed to m cntit'dy
Wrtbout dwciplifx, when H Jwd no fixed
pottoesV and rrtn ttc interna qaarrels
readarad fatik its effort to .cnre la
ulctMH. TV eoBtrast fa during fee
pniant mmIoci & most fltarkad. The
'' jlltmi8iiil mKM it. . m.
wiy !. .w " " '' I
mqtme. 6 Wa refused lo a swerved!
tqwj-iaMa wtu Das-Mm uiauau.
iPTwara ansa mtnay
it 'he- laawwd wwdotnf rore experience
or whaaaer mepemocriai acw in con
troTaK of a differeat brand. 'from their
jredeetMors is sot a question now to
be dcwsed.Su$ce it to say that the
jacts, 'av tiiey "appear, are remarkable
enough, when coeyredywjth the per
formances of the part, to warrant the
emphasis which is here accorded them.
Seating ifee Standpatters.
President Taft makes the rout of the
Lstandpatters complete. He declares that
the time for the Chinese wall has gone
and that, industries, must ask for no
more protection., than they absolutely
In line with this declaration of the
President comes a movement in the
United States Senate to -make tariff re
duction a Republican proposition and
thus take away from the glory which
the Democrats had hoped to win for
themselves. It has already been shown in
the Senate that the Democrats and low
tariff Republicans easily dominate that
body, In 'fact, when the .time comes for
a vote upon the wool schedule bill the
"probability of its passage is almost as
Whether they will or not, the day of
the high protectionist has passed Presi
dent Taft sounded the death knell when
he 'submitted to Congress the 'reciproc
ity agreement with Canada, and now
he has gone even further with the state
ment that unless a moderate tariff "is
enacted the revolt against the protective
principle may go to an extreme In this
heltef, the President simply reflects
popular sentiment The Democratic
victory last year was a protest against
conditions which make millionaires out
of the manipulators of monopolistic
combines, conditions which would be
impossible under a moderate tariff.
President Taft's position will not
please the standpatters, but he speaks
the solemn truth-
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
"WORTH THE MONEY.
The great antarctic expedlsh
Is sailing back.
It noted two new kinds of fish
And shot a Jak.
It mapped the Icebergs and the cakes
And rectified some old mistakes
And now with seven tons of notes
And lots of fame.
The expedition homeward floats
To great acclaim.
A hundred thousand Is the cost
In figures flat:
But data that we anight have lost
Will balance that
Cetttng Ulm Cbeap.
"I'm thinking of buying my daughter a
"Got that much moneyT"
"This la a sort of cut-rate duke. He's
willing to come Into the famlly for his
board and lodging." a "
"What's the master? JDldn't.Mabel suc
ceed on the stage?"
"No; she sajs the stage Is so cluttered
up with bum professionals that there's
no chance for a talented amateur."
Slight n Well.
"Tou wouldn't have your childhood
back? Think- of the happy days when
you went swimming and fishing."
"And the unhappy days when I had the
measles and the mumps. No; I'll take
life as It comes along.''
The daisy chain has had Its day,
Or so the coUege girlies say.
To carry It rich girls disdain.
So now they have, an orchid chain.
"I guess there's something in this sci
entific farming. I'm fairly turning away
the summer boarders.
"Adopted new methods, did your
"Yes; I hired a quartet to sing and two
actors from a rural play to talk dialect"
Getting- a Rert.
"You seem to t sticking close to
business these days."
"I need the relaxation. The baseball
season sls a terrible strain on a chap."
"She Is belng'fltted for the stage."
"Studying hard, you .mean?!'
"Oh, no. Merely being measured for the
Hl Choice of Weapons.
Fran the Chicago later Ocas.
In "A Century of English Ballads," a
recent book by Harold Simpson, there
is a delightful story of Stephen Incledon,
an eminent tenor of other days, whose
singing of "Black-eyed Susan" was pe
culiarly to the people's taste.
While staying at a country Inn Incledon
had quarreled during the evening with
an army officer. He Imagined, lie had
closed the controversy by going off to
bed, but the officer, left down stairs to
brood over his wrongs, thought other
Wise. Making bis way to Incledon's bedroom
he found the singer fast asleep. When be
succeeded In waking him, a matter of
some difficulty, the officer demanded sat
isfaction. "Satisfaction?" murmured Incledon,
sleepily. "Well, you shall have It"
Whereupon he sat up In bed and Bang
Black-eyed Susan" la his best style.
"There." he said, lying down; again,
"my singles of that song, has given sat
isfaction to thousands, and It will have
to satisfy you!'-; aad he turned. ver and
wat to sieep. again.
4t(te Cordially Received, 1st Faet.
frrom thi rfttafesr Cftmiele-eltnca
Kva persons with the mast acute
et lnrta were uoaM to bear any
jtispneeXott or regratave; ta decision
heldhvr the PvUmasc Company responsi
ble for loaseq suatamad by passengers
aboard Wa eara, .
mag hkws wiHLk away
S4,fVt9 WaBMkpHpNHaWal ltaWlMff tfc
! Js m ?B-!L pttafV
smswswssl wittaevt tamea
ajjjarjfr ymu Ma waa.
The "Directors or the Coronation," as
they have been termed, namely the Duke
ot Norfolk- as earl marshal, and chief
butler- of the empire, who baa to cara
for tha rogalla, and who was responsmie
for the successful organisation of the
great show, and who, as head of tha
College of Arms, had to solve hundreds
of problems on heraldry; the Jjord Cham
berlain, tha mastor of the bona, as well
as tha Archbishop of Canterbury' and
the Dean of Westminster, all have de
rived from their -various office per
quisites which, apart from their Intrinsic
worth, are of great value on account 'or
their historic associations.
The archblshotj has received the -velvet
chair upon which the King sat during
the coronation ceremony, and with It he
got the cushion and footstool. The lord
ckamberlaln, who was responsible for the
housing of the foreign royalties, and who
formerly got the King's bed and bedding
In which he slepWthe night before the
coronation, In addition to forty yards
of crimson velvet and the royal night
gown, had to content himself with the
forty yards of velvet alone and the fees
of his office, which, of course, are not
Robes for the dean and for three, chap
lains and for sixteen of the clergy are
the perquisites of the dean and chapter
of. Westminster, but better "till, the
chapter has the right to the wood used
for the stands and other erections In the
abbey, which Is worth several thousand
pounds. Perhaps thg most valuable per
quisites of all connected with the crown
ing of the British King are the splendid
purple robes which form a most Im
portant part of the Queen's costume.
Those become the property of tha mis
tress of the robes.
As much as has been written about the
coronatldn, one thing has escaped ob
servation, namely, the Important part
which the lord mayor of London had to
play at the festivities. As chief ruler of
the capital city, he claimed the right ot
attendance upon the King, both during
the procession and during the actual cere
mony,, where he stood tq the left of the
coronation chair, noldlng the city scepter
and mace. This mace, sometimes also
called the crystal scepter, is one of great
antiquity. The head is set with uncut
rabies, large pearls, and sapphires, and
is of fifteenth century workmanship.
When It was customary to hold a coro
nation banquet In Westminster Hall, a
custom which was discontinued by the
late Quen Victoria and King Edward,
the lord mayor had the right to attend
with twelve citizens, to act. as assistant
to the King's butler and to present the
King with wine In a gold cup. After the
King had drunk, the cup was returned to
the lord mayor, who retained it as his fee.
Among the many society ladles who
have been Invited to take part In the
Shakespeare ball at Albert Hall, not the
least charming will be the Viscountess of
Curxon. She is the wife of Lord Curzon,
the eldest son and heir to the Earl of
Howe, who is only twenty-six, and must
not be confused with Lord Curzon ot
Kendleston, the former viceroy of, India,
who Is twice his age, and who had
been chosen to bear the standard of the
Indian Empire at the coronation. He
resigned his viceroalty In 1905, and his
enemies said that he was forced to do so
by Lord Kitchener, then commander of
the British forces in India, who would
not tolerate any Interference by the vice
roy. This Lord Curzon married a daughter
ef Levi Z. Leiter, the Chicago merchant
prince, who left her a vast fortune. The
lady since has died. It must be ad
mitted that the resolution of the earl
marshal (Duke of Norfolk) to appoint
Lord Curzon as India's standard-bearer
has created a good deal of comment as
the lord was anything but popular in
India. The haughty Indian princes are
irritated at the manner in which he
treated them at the durbar announcing
tha coronation of King Edward. Tney
'felt more like vassals than like Inde
pendent potentates, which they believe
themselves to be, according to the fiction
that the British East Indian policy car
ries. Worse than that, Lord Curzon, as
viceroy, never retusned the official visits
of the maharajahs after the durbar, a
"GOOD CITIZEN" DAY.
Tn.i.i.,1 of Maklns Children More
Patriotic Would Bore Them.
From tho Chicaeo Inter Ocean.
A gentleman out in Nebraska -who is
trying to start a movement for the ob
servance of a "good citizenship day"
writes to ask If we have any suggestions
Speaking to this gentleman in a heart-to-heart
way, we would say that we
have about as much need for a "good
citizenship" day as of a poultry day, an
apple pie day, a powder puff day, or any
kind of useless day that might be sug
gested. We have already about a dozen election
days, more or less, in this State, and It
strikes us that anybody who wants either
to meditate on or' manifest his good citi
zenship, ought to find them amply suffi
cient for his purpose.
As for the children's education m pa
triotism a poujt our Nebraska friend
particularly, stresses we haven't the
slightest Idea that a "good citizenship"
day ivould give one more good citizen
to the republic than it would -otherwise
have. It would probably only make the
children tired. .
And why shouldn't It? A lot "of edify
ing speeches, a collection of ponderous
platform sitters, a series of children's ex
ercises laboriously prepared, heat, tans,
thirst cries for Ice water that is about
what the good citizenship day celebration
would probably amount to whether held
on Sunday or any other day.
The almpfe but often forgotten truth la
thatsthe only way to train children to be
good citizens la not to try to hold up to
them at an early age the abstract Idea of
good citizenship, which they are incapabla
ef appreciating, hut to rear them Jn tha
nurture and admonition of honor, auty,
charity, and patriotism.
Tha church, the home, the school, the
circle ef aca.ualt&nee these are thaalds
to. goo cltSaeiwhlp And. they proraqje it
Yir HnJnin la form and develop character.
AM Ha oar humble eemlan nothing alsa
eauabi or ever. wlH eeuafetiough to be
-r trust that ir Mebreeka. correspond-
t fattiaa- ta and ew.reW exactly If the
seas he aatktpataeV wiU mot hastily con
clude that H a aaapaa or (HsguBted
aVwr f a9d cWaahaWF. On the .eon
traar, wa araaBr J$vtme s2 , A '
Wa- favor tt so maca. Jk fact, that we
eaa,aane fmrttcrrfar rafeaaa to ohtapen
it by a aapartaoua aort at pattdayteeU-
bratlwi. Wa rahta It ao Mfotr that we
Wt want It to tub, Oaf raaaaaaat ehenaa
slight that Indian etiquette never would
"Lord Curzon's appearance as the most
fitting standard-bearer of East India -was
a great blunder. It cannot helpVbut im
press the rajaba maharajahs, slrdads;
gaekwars, &c, that after all they are
mere subjects, and the English press In
India openly- blames tha King for tiot re
jecting the appointment made by hie earl
The Lady Curzon of This sketch Is first
cousin to her husband. Her father, the
late colonel, the Hon. Montagu Curzon.
was the eighth son of the first earl.
These Curzons, Jt may be noted, are
am6ng the oldest families of England.
Lord Zouche, who Is Nathaniel curzon,
like Lord Scardale and his son. the for
mer viceroy, bears a. title which began
in law, ana tnus is more tnan ow years
old, and has had but fifteen bearers,
but which several times has. been at
tainted, reversed, abeyant, and restored.
During all this strife the Curzons have
Justified entlrelyt heir motto: "Let Curzon
holde what Curzon heide."
It has not been known generally, or
the papars in trying to print the raft of
coronation matter have overlooked It but
the statue of Charles I (the martyr) had
to be taken down to permit an easy ne
gotiation of Charing Cross by the pro
cession. This is but another Indignity
offered that unfortunate effigy. In reality
it Is a fine bit of workmanship, and
presents the Stuart King gazing down
Whitehall at the very spot where he was
beheadsd by order of CromwclL
It is also not generally understood tnat
the present ruler, King George, is the
descendant of that King Charles' sister,
Princess Elizabeth, who became the wife
of King Frederic V of Bohemia, and
whose daughter Sophia, in 1658, married
Ernst August Elector of Hanover, whose
eldest son, simply by virtue of being the,
grandson of the aforenamed British prin
cess, became King of England as George
the First after the death of Queen Anne
In 1714, who left no issue.
The statue of the luckless king is to be
re-erected in a less prominent thorough
fare in the same neighborhood. It seems
as though no one among the royal fami
ly cares a rap, about this shifting of so
historic a memorial.
The Duke of Lelnster, who resides at
Maynootb, County KUdare, in Ireland,
has Just entered his twenty-fifth year. He
was born at Kllkea castle in 1SS7. The
duke, who sits In the House of Lords as
Viscount Lelnster, Is a scion of the
famous house of Fitzgerald, and succeed
ed to the family honors on the death of
his father, the fifth duke. In ISO. By
the demise of his mother, who was the
eldest daughter of the present Earl of
Feversham. he was left an orphan early.
He is Maurice Fitzgerald, marquess, as
well as Earl of Kiidare, in Ireland, but
also Viscount Lelnster of Buckingham,
shire. In England, and Baron KUdare in
the peerage of the United Kingdom. He
is the premier duke, marquess, and earl
The family has been prominent In his
tory from the time of William the Con
queror, but antedates that period. The
Fitzgeralds are descended from Domlnus
Otho, of the family of Gherardlni, ot
Florence. In Italy, who passed over into
Normandy and thence In 1037 into Eng
land, where ho became so great a favor
ite with King Edward the Confessor that
he excited the Jealousy of the Saxon
Thanes. However derived, his English
possessions were enormous, it strikes tnjb
reader as somewhat remarkable that
after the conquest his son, Walter Fltz
Otho, was treated as a countryman of
the Normans. In 1078 he Is mentioned in
the Domesday Book as being in posses
sion of his father's estates. He also was
castellan of Windsor.
It was In 1303 that Gerald FItzmaurlce
was summoned to Parliament as first
Baron Offaly. The fifth of that name was
created Earl of KUdare in 1316. Of him
it is recorded that while an Infant he was
at the castle of Woodstock when an
alarm of fire was raised. In the con
fusion the chlldwas forgotten. One of
the servants, returning in search of him,
found In one of the towers an ape, which
usually had been kept chained, carefully
holding the baby in its arms. In grati
tude the new earl adopted a monkey for
his crest. The Dukedom of Lelnster was
bestowed upon James, the twentieth Earl
of Kiidare, in 1766. The present duke is
unmarried. He was a page at the coro
nation of King Edward. FLANEDB.
(Copyright Wit br Court Goolp Syndicate.)
DUST TO DUST.
Horr Everything; Crumble Away aa
the Years Go By.
From the Popular Mechanics Magazine.
As dust was the beginning, so shall It
be the end of all things earthly. It Is
the cosmic undertaker of the ages, and
silently, reslstlessly, and eternally it has
performed its function. The proudest
monuments built by man. the Sphinx,
the Pyramids, the Colossus of Rhodes,
the Gardens of Babylon, and the glories
of Grecian art have either crumbled to
the dust whence they sprang or have
been buried deep in its 'winding sheet No
one knows how many Londons or Jerusa-
lems there have been. Excavations into
the dust on which these cities are built
reveal the relics and remains of former
cities which once fiorlshed and were
mighty, but were finally entombed In the
course of untold centuries by the gradual
but immense deposits of dust and debris.
The mighty Himalayas are slowly
crumbling into dust and the lofty peaks
of the 'Andes are splintering, fragment
by fragment until they, too, shall be
come clods of the vaHey. Every wind
that blows "soft tfer. Ceylon's Isle" car
ries away in, tiny dust particles some of
its beautiful hills and vales. Every
brooklet trickling down tha rugged
mountain Side hears part of a continent
to the sea. In 3.E0O years, the Mississippi
outs down Its entire basin one foot When
we stop to consider what the other great
rivers of the globe are doing, such as the
Nil.. th Yangtze-klans. tha Youkon.
and -the Danube, we can appreciate in
some measure the everlasting waste that
Is eating away great continents, and fore
see the inevitable supremacy ot tha
Kingdom of Dust
The Important Question,
From um CJutrland Plata Dealer.
The -new fireman was telling his wife
about tha fire.
"It broke out at midnight In the yen
Bitter's house on tha avenue," he said,
"aad Juat aa we got thera Mis Von Blffer
eame stumbling out of tha flames and
BBioke. earylag her Uttle niece all wrapi
ped up hv her arms, Jt was the bravest
aet I ever saw."
. "What was aha wearing?" inquired the
Unlimited Veeanalarr Repaired.
Tim Utt Kortene (Ho.) Leader.
There are 9M.8M words la the agllah
language, and meat ef them were used
teat goadey by a. lady wha dleeaverea
after emalnar eut of dmrefc. that her
new hat was adanna wtth a tajr aes
wbfatt waa wrKUft, "Jtaewoad ta Is..'
"3tot to Meat! the pletoreretc.
7MM ta bW Ytek Vtem.
A.'gtrtrUkea to rid on, thee taiUftsgl
A HILLIO AIKE CKIMIKAL.
Some Incidents that Seem to Reanlre
Twss U If w York Bresln ?tt.
A queer Item ot news, and. one that
will stand looking Into, comes In a Ne
braska dispatch. It Indicates that some
where high up In the Department - or
Justice, a Very easy-going view is taken
of the meaning of a, sentence to a -year's
imprisonment for 1 land frauds when
the person sentenced happens to be a
A dispatch from Omaha states that
Bartlett Richards, the Nebraska cattle
king, who received such a sentence last
fall, and whose term does not expire un
til about the end of August has been for
the last three weeks ever since the hot
weather struck Nebraska In Rochester,
Minn., among the lakes where it is coot
"while be prepares for an operation for
gall stones." The item is rendered ad
ditlonally interesting by the reminiscent
statement accompanying It that this
same Richards was sentenced to one
hour's imprisonment Beveral years ago
for land frauds, and that this hour was
spent In custody of a marshal at the
Omaha Club, where the party had a ban
quet President Roosevelt Immediately
discharged the marshal by telegraph.
Who is responsible for the present
pampering of the millionaire criminal
does not exactly appear, nor does it seem
to be known Just what the extent of It
is; but there has been a big scandal as
to the luxurious furnishing of the man's
cell. The public it entitled to a full and
exact statement of the facts in the case.
from the highest authority at Washing
ton. Few things can be pointed to that
are more subversive of respect for law
and more destructive of publio morals
than an exhibition of gross favoritism in
behalf of wealthy criminals.
UNCIE SAM'S SUMMEE BESOETS
Government Owns Moat Attractive
Parks and Scenery.
A rood many people who think they
know a lpt about Uncle Sam will be
surprised to hear he is the biggest pro
prietor of summer resorts Is the land.
But It 'Is true. Uncle Sam wants It to
be known, and he is sending out cir
culars. Are you anxious to climb a
glacier? Don't go to. the Alps. Take a
train to the Glacier National Park. Do
you have alonging for the Black Forest?
There's something much finer and vastly
mora Impressive on the Sierra slopes.
Are you eager to risk your life scaling
an Inaccessible peak? Why go to the
Andes? Trip it lightly to the base of
Mount Rainier and you will get all the
excitement you want
Perhaps you are interested in prehlss-
torlc ruins. If so, visit the Casa Grande
ruins in Arizona or run up to the Mesa
Verde National Park In Colorado.
Mapbe you have a longin? for big trees.
Uncle Sam has them. You can travel in
supremest comfort to the forests of giant
sequoias, to the Mariposa groves, where
some of the patriarchs were growing
when Ceasar was building bridges in
Then there's Yellowstone, established
forty years ago. There Is nothing more
glorious in Europe or anywhere else.
And it has 4.600,000 acres, enough for any
one to wander in without bumping against
any one else
Uncle Sam' has a lot of good proposi
tions, and it's the fault of a deluded
people 4t they don't patronize his re
DECLINE OF NATIONS.
The Spectator Traces the Rntn
the Roman Empire.
From the Louterille Courier-Journal.
In proportion to their prominence and
power, all great nations have the keen
est Interest in what has caused the
ruins of empires In the past and may
In time bring about their own decline.
The able and Judlcllqus Spectator traces
the ruins of the Roman empire not to
the invasion of the barbarians, but to
causes operating the world over in every
age. A declining birth rate and the
dissolution of the marriage tie is placed
nrst among such causes becond, U
second in influence at all, was the over
whelming taxation, especially on land,
which for various reasons had been
saddled upon Rome. It Is a species of
blood-letting which renders a nation weak
and may drive its citizens to take refuge
in, other lands. The Introduction of a
caste system through government ac
tion a tendency sure to make itself felt
In times of great ease and national
prosperity Is put down as third among
the causes that ruined Rome. It is not
In harmony with the genius of our in
stitutions to speak of the President's
wife as "the first lady of the land,"
yet we often hear the designation. The
fourth cause Is the attempt ot the state
to act as a universal providence a theme
that opens a wide door for discussion.
The endowment of idleness occupies the
fifth .place, being at once the offspring
of prosperity and the father of caste
social "quality" rather than social equal
ity. The last of the Spectator's causes of
ruined Rome has to do with bottle ships
and . Btanding armies. It Is couched in
the following terms: "The neglect of
national defense'by the refusal to train
the population to arms, and by reliance
solely on a professional army."
CUEI0U5 BITS OF HISTOBY
By A. W. MACY.
LORD SANDWICH AND HIS
John Montagu Is known In his
tory as the fourth Earl ot Sand
wich. Americans owe his mem
ory a debt of gratitude because
as first lord of the admiralty
he contributed materially to the
success of the American cause by
his poor management ot the Eng
lish navy. But he Is also entitled
to fame on other and entirely dtf-.
terent grounds. He was an in
veterate gambler, and spent most
of his time In a gambling house
near the admlrallty Aloes, Fre
quently he would become so fas
cinated with the play that he
would forget to eat or drink for
twenty-four hours at a time.
Then he would hastily summon
SBj attendant and order him to
bring him anything that eeuld be
had to eat Usually it would" ba
a slice of beef and two elicea of
bread. Placing the beef between
the two pieces ef bread he weuld
"devour them with great relish.
He waa ao fond of this hasty
.luncheon, and praised It so high
ly, that it came to be called after
his name, ar rather after his
title, To this day J'aaadwlehaa'
eattBa ta he aa tapertant fea
ture af lvmeh aawiters,
(OtftriaM, U, k JtMph B. Bwrtav)
' v """""
Ta-wwa Wriw a MrnUt -
FOR THAMES RACES.
Harvard-Yale 'Varsity Event
Friday at Eive o'clock.
Gales Ferry, Conn., June 2t At a con
ference this afternoon between Capts.
Frost, of the Yale crew, and Cutler, ot
the Harvard crew, and .William H. Melk
leham. of New York City, .referee fort the
regatta, 1 was decided to start the 'var
sity eight race af 5 o'clock next Friday
afternoon. It was agreed that the race
should be begun before 6 30 o'clock in
the afternoon or else should be postponed
till the next afternoon.
The freshmen four and graduate eight
races will be rowed Thursday afternoon.
The captains will toss for choice of posi
tions in all the races on Thursday after
noon. Chairman Chappell, of the regatta com
mittee, has arranged for two observation
trains of thirty cars each.
Coach John Kennedy, of the Tale
crews, said to-night that every Ell boat
on the river now seems settled.
Capt. Frost v. as eager to wind up the
week with a time row to-night but
adverse weather prevented anything more
than a morning paddle.
PLANS OF G. A E. MEN.
Arrangements for Attending-
anion In Rochester, X. Y.
Col. O. H. Oldroyd. who has charge ot
the transportation arrangements In con
nection with the annual reunion of the
Grand ArmV of the Republic, at Roches
ter, N. Y., August 21 to 26, made anT ad
dress last night at a meeting of the
Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey Tent, No. 1.
Daughters of Veterans, at 419 Tenth
street northwest on the plans for the big
gathering of veterans.
The Daughters ot Veterans hold their
annual convention in conjunction with the
G. A. R., and Col. Oldroyd urged the
local tent to send a large delegation and
help make this the greatest reunion ev er
held by the two organizations.
Miss Rose M. Sefton, president of the
tent, presided, and had charge of the
initiation of three new members. Miss
Sefton will be one of the delegates to the
convention, and two others wiU be se
lected the latter part of July.
The local tent is honored by having
one of the national officers of the organi
zation as a member. Miss Anna Roberts,
national patriotic instructor, who also
will be a delegate to the convention by
virtue of her office.
MBS. HUTCJH1NS TO APPEAE.
Will Explain Why Her Allowance
Should Be Increnacd.
Mrs Rose Keeling Hutchlns. wife of
Stllson Hutchlns, wUl testify in the Dis
trict Supreme Cotftt to-morrow as to
why she should be given an Increase on
her $1,000 monthly allowance from her
husband's estate She has been at Nar
ragansett Pier, R. I., at the bedside of
her husband, who Is seriously HI.
Louis Dent, auditor of the District
Supreme Court .will preside at the hear
ing. He has been ordered by Justice
Gould to make a report ot the gross
Income from the Hutchlns estate, which
Is supposed to be $4,000,000- Justice
Gould's decision will -be made on the
It is expected William J. Dante, trus
tee of the estate, and Mr. Hutch
lns' sons will enter protest against
any increase in Mrs. Hutchlns allow
AT.TF.-rT AGENCIES 'BLAMED.
Low WnRM Accepted hy Forelaiier
Deplored by Saruuel Gompers.
In the July number of the Federa
tlonlst, edited by Samuel Gompers. the
American Federation of Labor charges
that emigration agencies and steamship
combines are largely responsible for
what ha claims are low working wages
in this country.
According to Mr. Gompers an English
speaking laborer can go to no part of
the United1 States' without finding the
foreigner there before him, working at
a starvation wage.
He charges tthe emigration agencies
and the steamship combines control the
emigration of this foreign element Mr.
Gompers also declares there is a uni
versal conspiracy among the people of
this country to defame the labor leaders.
The Federatlonlst claims that great la--
Justice Is being done the labor leaders
and that their assailants are guilty of
misrepresentation of their principles.
TOLD IN PARAGRAPHS.
Ogdensburg, N. Y., June 24 Charles
Graves, a farmer living near here, is
dying to-day as the result of being at
tacked by a bulL His coUar bone and
shoulder blades were dislocated and all
the ribs on one side were torn from the
Medway, Mass. June 24. A $50,000
fire that threatened to burn out the
center ot the town to-day destroyea
Sanford Hall, a large business building.
Firemen were summoned from neighbor
ing towns and pumps in the factories
were used. The fire started In a lodge
Louisville, Ky., June 24. In a quarrel
over a woman during services In the
Tarrldge , Church, at Campton, Ky.,
Steve Ratllff shot and killed Marlon
Spencer. He then fled "to the hills,
where a posse is now searching for
Cleveland, Ohio, June 24 More than a
score of rioters were arrested after two
men bad been wounded In a battle be
tween 2,000 striking garment workers
and guards who were protecting strtko
breakers here to-day.
.Berlin, June 21 The Japanese-German
navigation trade treaty with a supple
ment containing a tariff atrement waa
Bpyne City, Mich., June Siv-SeVeral
million feet ef lumber waa destroyed in
the yards of W, H, Whtte & Co, to-dajs
The loss, which Is only partly 'covered ay
insurance, wllL reach $390,000,
Munich, June 21 Three persons were
killed and six others Injured In the e
plosion of a nitrogen factory at Trel.
New York, Juae'lt-Beoause he w
twitted for having a alack aye,a Martin
McLaughlm, a waMer, shot Edward
Cashman, a chaaeur, at Collins res
taurant 497 Seventh avenue, to-day,
Constantinople. June jM. Advices rei
celved to-day from -the vilayet of Yemen
where rebdllosu tribesmen are warria$
acalaat Turkish forces, state that an
eptdemio has. hrekeJt Mt aaseag tha
Turkish soMieVa.aad that saaay are dying,
A Wisconsin invantar has daalgaed a
runner attachanant far ordavary wheel
barrows ao that fear aaaya: waad wa
ef featec trmtl
naatare tm aha aaat .amajw'awrt
the "" - - --. --
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