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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
Unsettled to-day, probaMy light
rain. To-morrow fair.
SEE PAGES 2, 3, AND 13
For Seal Estate Bargains. I
WASHINGTON. D. C SATURDAY. DECEMBER 2. 1911.-SIXTEEN PAGES.
McNAMARAS MAKE FULL CONFESSION
PUTTING END TO SENS A TIONAL TRIAL
fqriqfr'VisBBirgp" w fttfm4
STORY OF GUILT
MEN WHO PLEADED GUILTY ND THEIR JVTTORNE
President Gompers Leaves
for Troy, N. Y., as News
Reaches the Capital, and
Secretary Frank Morri
son Remains Silent.
Unused Part of Gigantic Defense
Fund Raised by Union Men in
All Sections of the Country
to Be Returned to the Va
Stunning m its suddenness, the an
nouncement in Washington late jester
daj afternoon that James B and John
J McNamara had pleaded gui!t, re
spectheh, of blowing up the Los An
geles Times Building and the Llewel
lyn Iron Works, left the officials of the
American Federation of Labor speech
less Less than two weeks ago Samuel
Gompers, president of the highest labor
tribunal in this country, had come forth
in a scathing arraignment of the Mc
Namara brothers' prosecutors, during
'which he reiterated his claim that the
cases agamst them formed the most
"gigantic conspiracy in American bis
ton " " , t -w
HcSvDS HUGE FUND.
Frank Morrison, who had been no less-
active was and still Is treasurer of
gigantic fund vvhlcn was being raised
from every union laboring man In the
norld to defend the brothers
At American Federation headquarters It
w as stated last night that President Gom
pers had really received first news of
the plea of gulltj It Is supposed to have
come from Clarence Darrow, chief coun
eel for the two men, as soon as the
agreement between himself and the dis
trict attorney had been reached
Immediately upon receipt of this news
President Gompers left Washington at 4
o clock for Trov, N T-, where he will re
main for several davs at least
Frank Morrison, leader In the nation
wide defense went to his home lmmedl
attlv after first word of the plea was
entered and remained there for the re
mainder of the evening A copy of an
evening extra was taken to him, but he
refused to read it
I hav e been told that this is merely
an outline of the happenings, " he ex
plained, "and I prefer to read the com
plete account In the morning papers
I ntil I know ever circumstance which
Burrounds this astounding confession, I
will be unable to make any statement."
silent on "Innocence."
Do vou thlnkY' he was asked, "that
the McNamara brother could have been
clever enough to convince all labor lead
er who have come to their aid that they
were Innocent" ' Mr Morrison was asked.
'I will not discuss that proposition at
this time ' was the replj
" Will the American Federation of La
bor s threatened prosecution against De
tective Burns be pushed"
"That is another question I cannot an
swer at this time," said Mr. Morrison.
"Was there anj reason for labor lead
ers to anticipate this result?"
"None that I know of," replied Mr.
On onlj one subject would Mr. Morri
son talk. That was the $400,000 fund, of
which he is guardian, and which was to
have been used in the defense of ,the
McNamara brothers and the prosecution
of the detectives who brought about their
"I have mcrelj acted as the Inter
mediary for the labor unions In this mat
tcr, explained Mr. Morrison, "and all
the management of the fund has really
been left to Clarence Darrow, chief coun
sel for the McNamara brothers He has
spent whatever money has been spent.
Money Raining: Stops.
"Of course, no further effort will be
made to add to the fund. It is not tho
desire of this body to obtain money un
less the fund Is needed.
"First of all, It will be necessary for
Mr. Darrow to render to the American
Federation of labor an accounting of the
money he has spent. After that we will
tally up with the vouchers. What is
Icrt will be refunded to those men who
contributed to the fund. The return will
be made on a pro rata basis,
In the light of yesterday's develop
ments. President Gompers annual re
port, made public only about two weeks
ago, contains Interesting reading. It ap
pears now that when Mr. Gompers was
raising a cry of conspiracy In this re
port counsel for the McNamaras was
ictually In conference with the prose
cution at Los Angeles In regard to hav
ing the McNamaras plead guilty. Presl
Jent Gompers said In his annual report:
"While the debris of the wrecked Los
Angeles Times building was. still aflame,
if ter the explosion which caused the con
suming Sire, Gen, Harrison Gray Otis,
proprietor of the Times, although many
mlles from the spot, lost ot a, single
moment In laying the cause -or the disas
ter, in words of fury and hatred, to the
trade union spirit. He could then hae
known little of the circumstances -which
might solve the mystery of tho exploalonT
GOES TO UNIONS
First among the questions raised
when news reached Washington
that the McNamara brothers had
pleaded guilty to the charge of
dynamiting the Los Angeles Times
Building was where the huge fund,
raised at the earnest appeal of the
American Federation of Labor to
defend the union men from "con
spiracy," would go.
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor,
was first to urge that a sum of
J3,C00,C00 be raised. Secretary
Frank Morrison was appointed
general treasurer of the fund. Ac
cording to unofficial statements,
about $400,000 was collected. Con
cerning the fund, Mr. Morrison
said last night:
"This money has been paid di
rect to Clarence Darrow, counsel
for tho McNamara brothers, and
he spent It as he saw fit. Mr.
Darrow will be required to furnish
an accounting of the money.
Whatever remains of the fund
after all expenses have been de
ducted will be returned to those
union men who contributed, on a
pro rata basis "
FACE GAME PERIL
.Robert JR. Brott and Daniel
J. Waters Aid American.
S" ' 'fejsfLJLQrptrj&fXZJt'' ' "M -,
BMKfBKEKmnBttitiBr.&WriZiil&3&MMM 'LUSMTaTsa'- MaaEsal
GUILTY AS CASE
NEARS A CLIMAX
Evidence Too Strongr to Withstand, and At
torneys Advise Making Clean Breast
of the Whole Affair.
WILL RESULT IN LIGHTER SENTENCE
Intense Excitement Follows Plea in Open Court Ad
journment Taken in the Morning Fore
cast Startling Developments.
Continued, on Fair 5,
In the shadow of clouds which may
at any time burst into an international
storm of war between Russia and
Persia, and probably involve the United
States, Robert R Brott and Daniel J.
Waters, both of Washington, are fac
ing serious peril as secretary and as
sistant secretary to W. Morgan Sinis
ter, the American treasurer general of
Persia, whose acts have so aroused the
ire of Russia that she has demanded his
expulsion from Persia within ten days.
STICKING TO SHl'STER.
Since Brott and Waters left Washing
ton two months ago to assume their du
ties as confidential aids to Shuster, no
word has been received from them, so
far as could be learned from their rela
tives in this city last night, but friends
of the voung men declare that Brott and
Waters are undoubtedly standlnr al-
lantly with Shuster.
That the United States inevltablv will
be drawn Into the imbroglio because of
Uncle Sam's duty to protect the two
young Washingtonians was generally
admitted In diplomatic circles here last
night when It became known that Brott
and Waters are in Teheran, and that
their lives, liberty, and property may be
In danger similar t the peril which
Shuster Is confronting.
Six months ago Shuster bejran his
service as treasurer general of Persia
under a three years contract and shortly
after he assumed his duties he requested
Brott to accept the position of private
secretary at a salary of more than $3,000 i
From left to right John J. McNamara, Attorney Joseph Scott, and James B. McNamara. This photo-
grapn was rajen n ine -council room, or me courxnouse.anJos.neeief aie.'.'AYeeKS ago. j.
V ' l " " I ' J " : TT-T
a year. Brott was authorized to employ
an assistant secretary and he engaged
Waters. Shiwter cabled $1,300 to the
young men for their traveling expenses,
and they left for Persia October 1, going
Mnr ne In Peril.
It is understood that Brott and Waters
are occupying Shuster's suite in the
palace at Teheran. Situated In the very
heart of what soon may become an In
ternational struggle, and closely asso
ciated with the man who caused the
strife, Brott and Waters may find them
selves in -grave peril unless the tangle
Is straightened out
Advices from Teheran indicate that a
crisis has, been reached and It is feared
that Persia has precipitated a clash
which can but culminate in war Ig
noring the advice of Great Britain,
Persia refused to comply with Ttussla's
demand to dismiss Shuster, and Russia
at once replied by ordering troops to
march to Teheran from Enzell, a Cas
The national council did not reject Rus
sia's ultimatum concerning- he expulsion
of Shuster until the members consulted
Shuster. He advised the members of the
council to disregard him and consider
only the Interests of Persia. In open ses
sion the council at once voted almost
unanimously to reject , Russia's ulti
matum, the majority of the members de
claring it would be national suicide to
leld to the demand of) the more power
The advices further state -that antl
Russlan riots are In progress In-various
parts of the city and that Ala-El-Dow-leh.
former governor of a Persian prov
ince, who has shown pro-Russian sym
pathies, was assassinated in the street.
DIAMONDS IN MUD.
Necklace Valued at $3,000 Lost
During Football Game.
Allston. Mass, Dec. 1. Trampled deep
in mud near the railroad tracks, the
$3,000 diamond necklace of Mrs. W. T.
Reid, Jr., lo3t at the Tale-Harvard game.
was found to-day.
HISTORY QF McNAMARA CASE IN BRIEF.
October 1, 1910 Los Angeles Times plant and two private dwell
ings dynamited; twenty-one persons killed.
October 5 Detective William J. Burns and his agency employed
to run down the criminals.
December 25 Llewellyn Iron Works partly wrecked by explosion.
January 8, 1911 Grand jury returned indictments against Brice,
Schmidt, and Caplan.
April 12 James B. McNamara and Ortie E. McManigal arrested
in Detroit and taken to Chicago.
April 15 Secret indictments filed by grand jury against James B,
McNamara, Ortie E. McManigal, and John J. McNamara,
charging them with destruction of the Times.
April 22 John J. McNamara arrested in Indianapolis, extradited
immediately, and rushed across the continent to Los Angeles,
being joined on way by James McNamara and McManigaL
October 11 Trial begun.
December 1 McNamaras-plead guilty.
Clerky in Service
63 Years, Wants
His Salary Cut
Thomas Harrison Asks Navy De-
partment Officials' to Relieve
Him of Responsible Job.
BeauUfQl PIm aad FerM
.t special sale. JBlackiatorWir,
NEW MAGAZINE FEATURES
of the Sunday Edition of yJ
THE WASHINGTON HEftALD
will pi-ove a welcome addition to those
which have endeared themselves id thou--sands
To-morrow Dorothy Deere will cele
brate her seventh birthday in verse.,
Wiss Abbie E. C. Loihrop wilt till off
her success m raising mice. ' '-
Tree surgery at Yale will be" described
by an expert. - - -. -
Do not fail to put-in your Order tarty
forThe - :Zr -
WASHINGTON HERALD TO-MORROW -
Thomas Harrison, a government clerk,
yesterday requested that his "annual sal
ary be cut $00, and that he be given a
Both the request and the circumstances
of the case are so Unusual as to have
attracted considerable attention at the
I Navy Department: Harrison will have
been In tho government service sixty
three years on December 6. This s be
lieved to bo the record for longevity of
service In a government department. At
the age. of twenty,. In 1S. he legan as ;
a clerk In the Naval Observatory, and
has been there ever since, now holding
the position of chief clerk.
In his request Harrison stated that he
lelt his years compelled him, to ask for
easier work, with less responsibility.
Navy Department officials werv astound
ed to And a. man of -such advanced ago
still In the service, but Investigation
proved Harrison js till efficient." His re
quest will be granted on the day tie com
pletes his sixty-third year of service.
Assistant Secretary ot the Navy Wln
throp pomted'fo tho Incident aa a strong
argument for a system whereby aged
clerks might be retired on pensions after
long service under the government-
HAXSIAGE KILLS HOC.
Six TToHru After W-dftaer Greojn
Dlea of Heart Xallar.
Albany. N. "Y1.. Dec. J. Six hoar after
telng married to Ttflss Susie White, ot
Renaftlaer, Herbert tntx, of Philae-el-phlaT
died of heart dispose tare.
xjfowQii Hiit.ts lite, eeor.
B Paris. Dee l.-The w4ow, f "Felix
jtlem. the artist, haa gfrin s.seto.-the
ocr or Pari. "
Confessed to Save Brothr.
By JAMES D. McNAMAHA.
I may swing:, but If I do It will
be for a principle. They could
never haye got me to the gallows
on evidence, but I was afraid that
poor John might get It because of
my fight for life.
I am not afraid, and I will re
main unafraid. 111 take anything
to save John, who could not help
getting into it. "
Poor DarroW, Scott, and Davis
.are all 4n. TlTey fell jnbjhty bad.
about this. I told them that I
must save John,-and told them to
go see the district attorney and
arrange to have me swing If they
t would, lef John who could not help
hlmself-TOff.. The talk dragged & J
bit, nut I turned the trtek to-day.
Ti-r mmrto Jam MnaigaWfer JTML
,J I freak, Wtry?ajNat GnuMia SralMs.
RIOTING IN CANTON.
Robber lands Terrorize Inhabitants
and loot Houses.
Hongkong. Deo. l.-'-Robber bands In
Canton ace terrorixrng. the Inhabitants,
,and looting of ships and houses, goes on
unhindered. VJgllancQ offiruards on river
steamers has-checked piracy on the West
River, but In towns along the stream the
situation Is chaotic
Many haye been killed. In the,conUnu
ous street fighting, and the Hongkong
government has adopted stern measures
to repress, all rtoUntr there. At the re
quest of the police, the government has
adopted one piece of legislation whereby
persons wht commit1 even minor offenses
against the peace may be flogged,
In Canton, the military regime- appears
helpless-to cope with the reign of law
lessness Shanghai. Dec. 1-. Having routed tho
Imnerlallsts from- event cmreaat. -ot 'Kan.
kin, the rebels are- now bewbardlrig the
' The American eoaaul has seat all the
American Inhabitants of Kankbi to the
Interior with instructions how to. act la
ine .event ot an upru!R ot tse natives.
' . i, .
" TsWHmawaaoiaV, "
Xvenr SalHrdav ami Maaaar.- 'AM ImIu
e4h waK botij a& - l
Los Angeles, Dec. 1. Within fifteen minutes after their case had
been called this afternoon, James B. and John Joseph McNamara,
whose trial for dynamiting two buildings has stirred the nation, cli
maxed in astounding fashion the legal battle which it seemed was to
continue for years.
James B. McNamara pleaded guilty to the charge of blowing, up
the Los Angeles Times, in which catastrophe twenty-one men were
killed. John J. McNamara, the younger brother, entered the same plea
"to the charge that he had destroyed the Llewellyn Iron Works by
A more unprecedented and totally unexpected" ending to a murder"
trial Is "not recorded In the legal history of this country. Spectators,
witnesses, and even Judge Walter Bordwell, who sat in judgment on
the case, seemed dazed for a moment, as in the one word "guilty" there
came to them the stupendous knowledge that the great McNamara trial
was over, the conspirators had confessed, and the national flame of agi
tation made by the American Federation of Labor had in an instant
burned to ashes.
NO ONE DREAMED OP CUMAX.
Throughout the morning there came rumors and suggestions of
great sensations, more bribery scandal, a new charge against the men,
and what not From the moment in the forenoqn when District Attor
ney Fredericks asked for a continuance until 2 o'clock this afternoon
the courthouse was as a hive. Every one thought something. Not one
even dreamed of what was to come.
The two men were brought in at 2 o'clock, brought into a conrt
room that, was crowded as it has not been since the beginning of the
trial. Men, women, and children, friends of the accused, and the anti
union faction were all represented in the 'throng that crowded erery
seat, filled the aisles, and hovered against the whitewashed walls.
The inscrutable faces of Clarence Darrow, chief counsel for the
accused; the two McNamaras, and the district attorney told nothing.
Only the slight, pallor of the elder brother, James, who was to admit
that he had, with premeditation, killed a man, might have warned the
psychologist of an impending crisis.
There was the customary droning of orders. A baby cried, and the
mother carried it to the corridor amid a silence like the ominous still
ness that precedes a thunderstorm. Then
JAMES McNAMARA CHANGES PEEA.
The district attorney, bulky and deep-voiced, arose and strode to
the clerk's desk, where he' picked up the indictments charging the two
men with their crimes. Flipping these documents across his left hand,
the district attorney stepped in front of the table and faced the brothers.
"J. B. McNamara, will you please stand up," said the district at
torney in a voice that boomed loudly through the room, where intense
silence reigned. - ,
Slowly,-but with apparently no more concern than when he fol
lowed the deputy sheriffs that guard him from the room at the end
of a day, the prisoner arose and gazed steadily at his accuser..
"James B. McNamara, you have heretofore been arrai"ncd on this
indictment, No. 6938, and have entered your plea thcreto-oi "hot guilty.
Do you wish to withdraw your plea?" Frederick demanded Without
a .motion, y'.et distinctly, the prisoner answered:
oaken desks for several minutes 'before,
, COURT -Off YlFROAn.
Fredericks then asked formally whether
the defendant desired to plead 'at this
time. Attorney Davis answered for him.
stating that be did.
"To this indictment, cherglng you with
the crime.of murder, do you plead guilty
or not gvilty?' asked Fredericks.
aullty," was the--calm response.
"Guilty, your honor." came the deep
bass ot the district atorney like & magni
fied echo of the -prisoner's- word.
Thin, like the torrent ot a storm, the
tense silence 4r the court room broke
Into Or storm of raise
A man. In the rear of the court room,
forcing- his way through tbte crowded
throng of spectators, fought toward the
cleared space where James McNamara.
a Slight smile on his. fnce, still stood asi
though expecting sometmag more.
..'Ofon lied, to us all, d you." the
matt cried in a -voice that broke- He waa
silenced by his friends and led way.
A score of the friends of the brothers
left the court room, heads bowed and
tears streaming from- their tyts. And
during it ail the two- brothers, wtthf
Khoulders squared and heads erect, faced
the district attorney as If confident, that
Uiey Jsad notWtur- mora w fear;
order was restored. Then the district
attorney faced. John McNamara.
"John J. McNamara, you have here
tofore, been arraigned on this Indictment,
In which you were' charged with the
crime-of exploding- or attempting to ex
plode, dynamite Ja the buildings adjacent
to the Uewellyn Iron Works, - said the
district attorney after McNamara had
been called, to rise and face him. "Do
you wlsh-to withdraw your pie of not
The voice ofJBe elder brother was as
steady and. "nfes irnore distinct than. -that
of his brotheffiad been aa be. answered
Two minutes later John J. McNamara.
and his brother Svere be lag- led from the
court room again back1 to the cells they
have occupied sinee. they were brought
from Indianapolis,)' eight Bsonths ago.
John J, will receive Sentence at Jthe, ame.
time as his brother. ,
Thero was somediscusslon, about tnta
ContlaaeA ea Fuse -, Celaaata 2,
JHC ( IHImhk aa4 Itetarm
Saturdays nd ndays vlas Pennsyl
vania RalrO. Tltraa4-to. return.
The oaVrs of th court et utx Uic'asaaa tfea iiiifaatTsattay
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