Newspaper Page Text
THE WASHINGTON HERAIJX SUNDAY. 'JANUARY 14 1915.
REVEALS EFFECTIVENESS OF WOR
Huge Grist of Cases Handled by Judge De Lacy
With Difficult Domestic Problems to Solve.
FEOM JUVEHUE COUET
Liquor Is came of 90 per cent
of domestic troubles reviewed by
Lack of appreciation of sacred
nets of marriage vows Is cause
for mora than 6 per cent of do
But few mothers-in-law figure
as disturbing: element In court
Eighty per cent of delinquency
of children due to unfit parents
and unsuitable homes.
During past year G33 nonsup
port defendants faced Judge De
Eentence was suspended In SIS
One hundred and two offenders
were sent to Occoquan.
Since organization of court
JI6f,9823 has been transmitted
through the medium of the tri
bunal from aonsupport offenders
to their families.
Last year SSI petitions for com
mitment of children to Institu
tions were filed.
1.907 Juvenile offenders ap
peared In court during the year.
606 cases were larceny charges.
170 cases were assault charges.
SI offenders brought Into court
for third time
14 of three-time offenders were
charged with larceny.
557 children placed on proba
tion during year.
More than 1.000 children now
on probation rolls.
1 197 cases Investigated by pro
4.814 homes !n f stigated by
Prom a study of the thousands of Heart
rending nonsupport cases which have
come under his observation during his
judicial experience. Judge William "H
De Lacy, of the Juvenile Court, estimates
that 90 per cent of the domestic trou
bles In the District are the result of ex
cessive Indulgence In the flowing bowl.
"I do not hesitate In saying that liquor
Is the cause of 90 per cent of the domes
tic troubles which .are reviewed by this
court," said Judgfe De Lacy jesterday
to a representative of The Washington
Herald. I understand that In New York
City Interference of mothers-in-law leads
the list as the cause of home troubles.
Such Is not the case In Washington,
however I find that most mothers-in-law
hae a high regard for their sons-in-law
The mother-in-law Is a much
maligned but useful Institution I hae
often wished that I had a mother-In law
If I had. It would be possible for my
ttife and me to go to the theater now
and then. Of course, not Infrequently
vie have cases In which mothers-in-law
are the cause of strife, but these cases
will not begin to compare In number with
the homes broken up by drunkenness and
acts resulting from Indulgence In intoxi
o Mother-in-law Evil.
"I should place the Interference of
mothers-in-law far down the list. I should
say that the greater portion of the re
maining 10. per cent of domestic trouble
Is caused by Infidelity on the part of
either husband or wife, a lack of appre
ciation of the sacredness of the marriage
During the fiscal year 1911 53 persons'
were arraigned before the tribunal for
the nonsupport of minor children In
US cases sentence was suspended on con
dition that the defendant contribute a
reasonable amount for the support of
ttie family Judge De Lacy neter re
fuses to give a nonsupport defendant a
chance He frequently pronounces a
sentence to the workhouse, momentari
ly frightening the defendant, only to
state after a pause that he Is willing to
suspend sentence lr the offender proposo
After agree'ng upon the amount which
the defendant is to contribute toward
the support of bis family. Judge De
Ijicy hastily makes a record of the re
quirements upon the Information, ana,
without glancing up from the desk, ad
dresses the nonsupport offender
"Once each week." he says in a firm
tone. lyou are to go to the desk ser
geant of the police precinct In which
you live and leave the amount agreed
upon. Tou are to take the money In
person, so that the sergeant may see
that ou are sober Now, remember
that It Is never too late to make a de
posit. The station house Is open all
night. Jt Is always ready to let persons
In, but It Is not every time that It lets
Only In habitual cases of nonsupport
are defendants committed to the work
house at Occoquan. During the past year
ICC offenders were sent down the Poto
mac to Occoquan Creek. But while these
offenders are In the workhouse, the fam
ily Is not left to become a burden on the
community. The court provides that the
nonsupport criminals at Occoquan send
their earnings 50 cents a day through
the hands of the clerk of the tribunal, to
aid In the support ot tne negieciea nun
ily From Delinquent Husbands.
Thus, while the offenders are pun
ished, the families are aided. Thou
sands of dollars have been transmitted
to neglected families In the District
through the medium of the court since
the tribunal was established a little
more than fi-e. years ago. During the
past year, J42.13I.47 was paid through
the court by delinquent husbands for
the support of their lamiues. ui tnis
amount, 138,684 97 was collected by the
court from men under suspended sen
tence, and J3.447.50 was paid, to'familles
from the earnings ot men, unaer sen
tence at Occoquan. These figures show
bow efficient the system of parole Is.
Since the establishment of the court
J166.986.23 has been transmitted to
(amines through the agency of the
ourt. Of this amount J157.276 73 has
been collected from men under sus
pended sentence. For the six months
from July 1. 1911, to January 1, 1912,
i record has been established In court
kdlcctlons. During this period 323,
168 68 has passed through the hands of
Ihe court clerk.
During this past week, $761.50 was
.olleCted and transmittedlto the faml-
KmL ath-ae-iTV and endurable.
I Ataorbf all nicoclse and en
' ran a cool. healthy. RTRdUnt
soke. One pen" from a Wneat
Mtmcanna etas nan pleaaax
i man -ran om siktukt
litany Rfsadadif not t
(th nea rmtt.r tuitm st-rni.Tm.
tZ MIC U
C. tici.tr 1
v. in it en
JUVENILE COURT YEAR
lies. 'notwithstanding the shortage of
funds-following the holiday season.
Tn nnu-ttrnllv everv nonsupport case,
the defendant Is found to be. addicted
to the use of alcoholics After discov
ering this tendency of -the defendant
toward strong drink. Judge De Lacy
gives his effective liquor taiK.
Whv do you drinkT" asks the court.
In some cases the defendant remains
silent; In many cases he makes the quick
reply, "To drown my xamuy trouoies,
"Well, will they drown?" further In-
auires Judge De Lacy.
"No. sir." Is the Inevitable reply. 'They
come right back again."
"Jusf so." ends the court. "As Rip
JUDGE W. 11. DB LACV,
Of tna JoTrnfle Court.
Yan'Wlnkle found out. strong drink will
not permanently drown our cares."
The court then begin on a new tack.
"Does liquor do you any goodT"
Driven to Corner.
The defendant pauses. He dislikes to
admit that the drink habit Is useless;
for. ah' the flowing bowl has such pleas
ures' But reason can lend no leniency.
and the reluctant reply comes forth
"Well. I can't say It does, your honor."
"Doesn't It do" 1 ou harm?" asks Judge
"Yes, it does, ' Is the usual answer.
"Then you are a most unreasonable be
ing to stick to ajjablt which does you no
good and much harm, adds the Judge.
And the little scenario ends with the
defendant holding up his right hand,
while the clerk, leaning back In his chair.
administers the oath to "abstain from
the use of all alcohollo beverages and to
keep out of places where they are sold
for the space or one year, so help you,
When the child of the defendant Is
nresent. Judge De Lacy frequently lm
presses the temperance lesson on the
nonsupport offender In another effective
"Which do you love the most, liquor
or jour chlldT" Inquires the court, point
Ing to the little Innocent one, hiding Its
head In the folds of Its mothers dress.'
"Why. Judge, my child, of course." re
plies the defendant, smiling and looking
affectionately toward his onspnng
"Your actions speak otherwise," fires
back the court. 'Now you can't support
3 our children end the drink habit also.
The law expects you to support your chil
dren, it floes not expect jou to support
the liquor business. Do you want your
child when it grows up to follow your
example and take to drink r
" No, Indeed, I don't," comes the speedy
"Well you are doing nothing to pre-
ent this. Like father, like child. The
child thinks that what papa does Is all
right. If you love your child as you
sa jou do, then, of course, jou are en
tirely willing to take the pledge of total
TaLlnp; the Pledge.
There is but one reply Up goes the
right hand, and the clerk mechanically
administers the pledge.
In some cases the mother-in-law enters
as the disturbing element. Judge De
Lacys advice In these cases Is alwajs
the same. The solution Is philosophical
"My advice to you," says Judge De
Lacy, addressing the married couple, is
to live apart from your relatives. No
less a distinguished person than George
Washington once said that no house is
large enough for two women. Establish
a home for yourselves, and make the
home a mecca of happiness"
Then each year there are filed many
petitions for the commitment or children
to the care of the Board of Children's
Guardians, because of their having un
suitable homes and Home eurrounalnus.
During the past year SI such petitions
were filed. Fifty-nine of these petitions
were denied. Judge De Lacy always ties
ltates before separating parents and chtl
dren He believes that families should
be kept together whenever possible.
There are many mothers who are only
too glad to relieve themselves of the bur
den of responsibility in caring for their
offspring. There are other mothers who.
through wrongdoing, have rendered
themselves unfit for their children.
"You must remember," says Judge De
Lacy to these mothers, "that the highest
ideal ot the child Is that of mother If
In Its mother the child is deceived, there
Is absolutely no hope for It. Its foun
tain of love and affection Is suddenly
stopped torever. ine cnud can never
trust another person In this world."
Most of the Juvenile offenders are
brought Into court on charges of larceny.
Of the 1.907 Juvenile offenders who were
brought before Judge De Lacy during the
past year, 606 were charged with larceny.
The desire tosteal seems to attack some
of the youngsters like a grim disease.
The court finds It difficult to reform the
ways of the kleptomaniac. It will bo
found that the habitual offenders are
usually brought Into, court because ot
theft. Of the thirty-one delinquents who
were arraigned before the tribunal for
the third time last year, fourteen were
charged with larceny.
The Juvenile War.
Judge De Lacy lias a talk, however.
which turns many of the young thieves
Into the ways of the honest man.
If you had 35 of your own," asks the
court of the young defendant, "would
you want a boy whom you knew to be a
thlet to Tm In the room with that JST"
The youngster invariably hanea hi
head and begins to describe a variety of
circles on the floor with his foot TheroT
Is a profound silence. The court, finally
repeats the question.
No, sir," answers tnt ooy in a whis
"Why notr asica judge te Lacy.
"Cauavhe might steal It," replies
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the youthful defendant after several mln
utea ot reflection.
"Yea. because he might steal It," adds
th court "That should show you that
It's written ori your very heart. Tbutr
shalt not steal. And as you do not want
the thief around you. so nobody wants
you around If you steal."
The. joungater stands silently before the
Judge's desk, his eyes fixed on the floor,
He -is-apparently unmoved.
-you don't love your motner, says
judge Lie Lacy, alter a moment of si
"Yes, sir;4' answers the defendant, part
ly straightening up.
"What?" exclaims the court, apparently
astonished. "Your actions speak other
wise. Do you want people on the street
to point to your mother and say. There
goes the mother of a boy who Is
thief r "
"But you've made that posilble, have'nt
you? continued Judge De Lacy.
"Are jou sorry for what you hav
"Then go to your mother, throw your
arms around her neck, tell her you're
sorry for bringing this disgrace upon her.
and ask her to forgive you," orders
Judge De Lacy..
Heading; the Trouble,
The youngster remains motionless. The
court repeats the order. The boy moves
with slow and measured tread to the
side of his mother and mechanically
places his arm for a moment partly
around her waist telling her that he Is
sorry. The mother Invariably bursts Into
tears, and then. In ninety cases out of
100, the boys heart U touched, he too
realizing the seriousness of the offense,
and the disgrace he has brought upon
his parents. This Is the most effective
work of the court It brings the young
sters to a realization of the horrors ot
lawlessness and of the results of wrong
doing When the sobbing has partly ceased.
and the mother Is somewhat composed.
the court then prepares to conclude the
"Well, my boy." says Judge De Lacy,
"the thief has no title to what he takes.
Your taking that article did not make it
yours So you will be compelled to make
restitution for the stolen property.
The arraneements for restitution are so
made that the burden Is placed entirely
upon the child, and not upon the par
ents. Arrangements are made for week
lv or monthly Installments, so that no
hardships will be Inflicted upon the young
A large percentage of the Juvenile I
r.r. . .miimMl for -,Mntf1
offenders are arraigned for assault
During the past year there were 170
such cases. Prosecuting witnesses,
some limping, some bearing bandaged
arms, some showing unmistakable
signs of battle, appear to tell Judge
De Lacy the causes of the conflicts.
After hearing the long tales graphic
ally describing every blow. Judge De
Lacy suddenly addresses the defendant
In a loud voice.
"Are jou a tiger?"
"Me? No. sir." answers the young
ster, astonished. Sometimes, however.
tn their fright the youthful defendants
unwittingly answer "Yes. sir.'
"Well." saya Judgo De Lacy, "If you
were a tiger I could understand how
you would want to destroy this llttl
fellow. But you are human, and. con
sequently, however fierce you may be,
you can never become as ferocious as
the beast The mark of humanity Is
to extend the open hand of helpfulness
Instead of advancing the clench fist to
strike. Are you sorry for what you
"Yes. sir," comes the faint reply from
the assailant after a protracted pause
"Then tell the little boy whom you
struck that you are sorry, and ask him
to forgive you, demands the court
The- youngster walks slowly to the
side of the prosecuting witness, and
JAMES W. SANFOItD,
Aaastlnt probation ofSccr
limply takes his hand for a second, re
leSstng it with great haste.
"Tell him you're sorr," prompts the
"I'm sorry," sajs the defendant me
chanically and lifelessly.
"Well, boys." says Judge De Lacy, "Is
the war over?"
The boys smile, and, accompanied by
their witnesses, leave the court room.
It Is not infrequently that youngsters
are brought before the tribunal for tru
ancy. During the past year thirty.lght
such boys were haled Into court This
year truancy has become more popular.
or, ratner, more offenders navebeen
"Do you like to go to school?'' asks
Judge De Lacy of thefauant
Query About School..
Now. Just think what an embarrassing
question! There Is only one true an
swer, but the youngster dares not make
"Yes, sir,' he answers promptly.
"Oh, you do! "Why. then, you must be
practicing self-d-nlal, aren't your
There Is a profound-silence.
"Now, look here, my boy," continues
the court "Can you get your mind
stored with knowledge In one day Just
as you can go downtown and buy a lot
"NS yu h't my boy," says the court
"Little by little Is the law of mental
growth. There Is no- royal road to learn
ing. You mutt go to school day After
day and yea after year it you want to
grow up to "be an intelligent" man.
.Wsea the. young defendants are ar-
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3. KEMP EDMONSTO.V,
dint of the JOTenPe Conrt.
ralgned before the court Judge Do Lacy
never begins a hearing ot the ease with
out explaining to them the nature of the
oath which they are required to take be
fore giving testimony in a court of Jus
tice. "When you take the oath," explains
Judge De Lacy, "you. uplift your right
hand and call upon God. whose truth
is a searcher of all hearts, and who
cn neither deceive nor be deceived,
to help you that you may tell the
truth, the whole truth, and nothing
but the truth. Now, if you don't tell
the truth, you are guilty of a crime
called perjury, for which you may be
sent to the penitentiary for five years
or more. Do you understand It, boys?"
"Yes, sir." declare the youngsters.
Ignorant of what the court has said
through their excitement and eager
ness to get on the stand and tell -their
version of the story.
But these are but dally scenes in the
court room of the building. These
scenes are repeated every afternoon
between the hours ot 1 and S o clock.
But there is a vaster and more Im
portant work which goes on unseen
by the publlo before and after court
hours. This Is the work of the proba
Probing Home Conditions.
These officers investigate the home
conditions surrounding each offender
who Is brought before th tribunal,
and keep a watchful eye ever many
" "" J'l"Vs .Srl t a.
oealt with by Judge De Lacy.
Most of the Juvenile offenders, es
pecially those brought before the court
for the first time, are placed upon
probation for perlodsv varying from
three months to a year. This means
that the children must gather at the
court twice each month for the pur
pose of receiving moral instruction;
that they must attend school regu
larly. It they are not working; that
they must go to Sunday school, and
that their homes will be visited fre
quently by probation officers.
The school children meet at the court
on Saturday afternoons, and the work
ing boys assemble on Sunday after
noons. The girl probationers are re
quired to report at the court at stated
periods, usually en Thursday after
noons. The probationers are addressed
by the Judge and the officers on the
subject or good citizenship and char
acter building They are warned
against Indulging tn the use of tobacco
and Intoxicants, and are required to
practice personal cleanliness Habits
of thrift are taught and the children
are urged against Indulging tn harm
While on probation the children are
lent good, healthy Juven'le books,
which have been donated to the court
by Interested friends and officials of
the Public Library. The probation
officers are required to report at the
court each morning at S o'clock. The
House of Detention furnishes a list of
the Juvenile offenders who have been
nrrested during the preceding twenty
four hours, and John n. Dillon, chief
probation officer, then divides the cases
of Investigation among the force of
officers There are three officers. In
cluding Mr Dillon Miss Jean King Is
given the girls' cases and same of the
nonsupport cases, and the remaining
cases are divided between Mr. Dillon
and Joseph W. Sanford. the third pro
The three officers then start on an
Investigation tour of the homes of
the children who are to appear in court
In the afternoon. JThls work Is com
pleted by noon, and the work of the
court proper Is then attended to. While
the officers are on these Investigation
tours, they also take the opportunity
of visiting the homes of any other pro
bationers who may live in the neigh
borhood visited. It Is customary to
visit the home of each probationer
once a month.
Two nights a week each officer must
make night visits to the homes of the
probationers These visits are made
between nightfall and 9 o'clock.
"Then." says Judge De Lacy, speaking
of thla nhiiK of the probation work.
"tho real unit In thef state, the entire
family. Is apt to be present The child
Is. after all. but the fraction, and its
efficient probation treatment requires
It to receive attention In the Integer
of which he Is a part. The friendly
Interest In the child's -welfare, thus
brought to the attention of his elders.
Is sure to elicit the hearty co-operation
of the parents with the work of the
probation officers and the court"
During the year 557 children were
placed on probation. At present there
are more than 1.000 probations under
the watchful eyes-ot ths court offi
cials. Tie efficiency of the probation
system is Illustrated In the fact that
but few of the offenders come Into
-court again. During the past year
there were only 166 oacasuaers, wno
were brought before Judge De Lacy
for the second tim"" 'mere -were Dut
thirty-one who came Into court for the
third time, and only four were ar
raigned before the tribunal for the
Last year 1.297 cases were Investt
cratMt. hv the nrobatlon officers, and
4.814 visits were made to probationers'
homes. . , .
Two nights each week are devoted
by the probation officers to visiting
the club and theater districts after 7
nVinrtr. The officers search for pro
bationers, and It any la found, he Is
Immediately taken horn and presented
to his parents. A mark of demerit Is
also placed on. his probation card.(thus
tmino- aratnit his record. AH un
attended children under fourteen years
of ago are talked to by the officers, and
are sometimes escorted to their homes.
The probation officers report that
there Is a surprisingly small number
of unattended children in the theater
districts after dark. Effectlve work
has been done, however. In dea.ng
with these children.
"Probation means cnaracver ouim
tng." says Judge De Lacy, praising the
nmhallnn itntfm. "It Is a DW CUS-
todlal care exercised without Incarcer
ation." . . ..
Judge De Lacy estimates mat luuy
80 per cent of the children charged
with A.in, nffnses become delin
quent by reason of unfit parents an
unsuitable homes. The homes of most
of these youthful offenders are dom
iciles -where the father dissipates his
n,i 1..1..1 nt nrovldlsg for the
family, ahd. where, exaaplt of jfrted-
iness, inebriety, unkindneis, and "!
ness are set by the parents.
As long as the child is good enough
tor the parents and the parents are
good enough for the child. Judo De
Lacy believes in keeping the family
together. This is his philosophy;
"The natural custodians ot the chil
dren are the parents. The proper en
vironment for a child is Its own home.
In the home the child la, naturally and
regularly, to receive nurture, educa
tion, protection- Proper training is
the best gift of the home To the child.
In It all-Important work the home is
aided br the church, the school, the
playground. The home now has. as a
further aid with children who commit
crime or otherwise violate the regula
tions of the community, the Juvenile
Court in order that such children may
not be thrown by the state into con
tact with the adult criminal. ,end yet
may be stopped from menacing the
peace of society, may be corrected, may
be formed to good cltixensmp. ine
nrlnclnle of the Juvenile Court is cor
rect But it must be borne in mind
that the Juvenile Court is an aid to.
not a substitute tor, the home. It is
rather designed to keep the home .up
to its obligation to the child."
DECISION Oil SITE '
IS EXPECTED SOON
Senator Cnllom Makes Announce
ment After Conference with Taft
Beg&rding Lincoln Memorial.
A meeting will be hetd by the Lincoln
memorial commission at the White
House, Monday, January 22, to decide
upon a site rbr the proposed memorial.
This announcement was made yester
day by Senator CiUom, a member of the
commission, following a conference with
For several months the commission has
been at work viewing sites and examin
ing models, and It Is generally under
stood that they are now ready to report
their decision. The District Commis
sioners are anxious that the question be
deciCed In order that final action can
be taken by Congress, and steps toward
the actual erection of the memorial
While It Is thought that the commis
sion will decide upon either the Bacon
or Pope plans there are many people
who still believe that the memorial will
be In the form of a great roadway, not
withstanding practically all the promi
nent architects of the country are in
favor of the former plans.
For the purpose of pointing out what
be believes are good reasons why the
monument form ot memorial Is much
more appropriate and less costly than
the roadway plan, Glenn Brown.xsecre
tary of the American Institute ot Archi
tects, has sent out a letter giving some
facts and figures concerning the esti
mated cost of the two plans. The letter
Is In part, as follows:
"The annual expense of the mainte
nance of the bituminous-macadam road
way would be 31.400 a mile and the park
way 3t200 a mile for a road similar to
the proposed boulevard to Mount Ver
non, and twice this sum for the grander
Gettysburg memorial, or 35,3X1 a mile,
and 1230 000 for the complete distance.
Now, it has been found that it Is neces
sary, since the Introduction of the auto
mobile In the New York highways, to
practically rebuild their roadbeds once
e ery four years. This, with & road sim
ilar to the Mount Vernon qne. would cost
11,700,000 per annum, or with the grander
Gettysburg memorial one, CMO.000. Add
annual maintenance, and we would have
an annual expenditure of about 32.920.000.
"The Lincoln Memorial Roadway Asso
ciation does not stop at parking and
driveways, but contemplates memorial
structures. Now, to be effective, such
memorials should be at least one-half
mile apart, one on each side, making
4M at 3100.000 each, making 140.000,000. with
an annual maintenance at 5 per cent or
"It will be seen that th expense of
such an undertaking will be enormous.
nnd what do we obtain as a memorial to
Lincoln? It will be wanting In the sim
plicity, directness, and Individuality so
necessary In a memorial to an Individual.
It would require a trip of 100 miles to
view It Its name and connection with
Lincoln will not be thought of by one
In a thousand who race over Its surface.
It will require 100 "miles of stately struc
tures commemorating other Individuals
and events to make It Imposing.
"There Is only one logical character of
memorial to Lincoln-end one logical site
for this memorial those commended by
the park commission In 1902. since ap
proved officially as the one site and the
one form fit a memorial to Lincoln by
forty experts on three different boards."
Ihe lean cf ibwnra tmteton (raatM Chlptats
JPIIK A. FERRY. Tenth Infuhy. b extmAss.
After Thirty Years' Experience I
Have Produced an Appliance tor
Men, Women, xir Children
that Cures Rupture.
I Send It On Trial.
If tod hMa trlrdmoat rnrrthini die. cone to
me. Warn sthm fall U itbera I hire my freatat
neens. Send atuqhrd coupon to-day ana I mu
The Above Is C E. Brooks. Inventor of
the Appllaaee, who cured ahnaelr,
and who has been raring oth
er for over SO years. If rap
tured, write htm to-day.
end rott fne ny ilhutntcd back on Rattan and
Its hup. ahovlnz my ArvJlxooo and iMm rat
rrkta and name of many pcri4e bo hare tried It
and were enrrd. It sItM instant relief when au
othera tall. Remember. I uae no tains, no namaa.
I trad on trill to prore what I my la tne. Too
are the India and oooa harmr seen my mutated
took and read It you wfil be enUuntuMe aa my
hundred of pauentt whoae letter jm can alaaread.
Hn oot free cevraa brlow and null todu. It to
well worth yoor time whether jt try my Apptiaaoa
FREE IKTOnSIATIOjr COCPOV.
& K. BrocU, 1XDA Stat at. ManhalU itlOut
Plraaa end ma by mill m plain wrapper year
Chtftntrd book and fan information about yoor
Appliance for the can ofnipUinv
Kims ....................... ........
Address . .
Oty.................. 8t -
CAPITAL SCHOOL'S HEAD
FAMED AS AN EDUCATOR
Dr. William Davidson Has
Won Name at Age
When Most Men Are
Merely Embarking on
life Work. -
Dr. William M. Davidson, superintend
ent of schools at the Nation's Capital,
has attained name and fame at an ace
when most men are merely embarking
on the hli-bway of success. From, early
manhood the arsrefated forces of a de
veloped mind In a developed body have
beep concentrated upon the problem of
Born in Pennsylvania, and educated in
Kansas, he has taught In rural schools,
edited a newspaper, headed the school
systems of six cities, received decrees
from five universities, published a history
of the United fitates and a series of
classics and school readings, delivered
lecture courses on educational and kin
dred themes, and been the recipient of
crownmc' .honors from the highest edu
cational bodies In the country. Be was
president of the Nebraska State Associa
tion, a member of the Rhodes scholarship
commission, and superintendent ot the
schools ot Omaha, relinquishing all three
upon his appointment to the superintend
ency In Washing-ton..
He is president of the department of
superintendence, vice president of the
National Council of Education, a mem-
jJEWS NOTES FROM THE "SCHOOLS.
Eery boy and girl In the District of
rvilumhln la arolnir to have a chance to
vote, not for President or city official.
but for your choice of a "newer xor uw
Nation's Capital for 1311."
Tho voting will take place In your own
schoolroom next Wednesday, January
IT. Pick out the flower you want In your
. -. bt, vnfj. tftr It
IUUCU iic-Afc B ummw ..- ...... . . ...
When seeds are distributed in the spring.
ouy tne nower eieciea nu vwui
lots ot It about your home.
The children of Minneapolis voted 21000
strong last spring tn favor of the nas
turtium, and until Jack Frost nipped Its
w..., . iv w. lnti la thit bril
liant coloring and glossy green of the
favorite nower. niayoe mo nrauwiwii
of weU-known. Bowers which The Herald
win pubUsh Monday, Tuesday, and
Wednesday may help you in your de
cision. But vote now, and when spring
Dr. William Woodward gave an ad
dress on nervous diseases before the Sea
tnniiiH Parents and Teachers Asso
ciation last Tuesday afternoon. Dr. Suter
presided. Mrs. Giles Bcott waiter aoro
cated the pensioning of teachers. 8. N.
. . ne h TTlfth dlvlslon-
.... .- MKnl Xfl-a Alva Bent-
icpicscabcu w dw . -- -
ley and juss uusDca iumucu i. .-
Monday afternoon the Eighth grade pu
pils of the Sixth division will meet at
the Dixie, corner of Eighth and H streets
northeast, for concerted musical work.
There being no large assembly hall In
this division. Mr. Eastwood extends tho
courtesy of his hall for school use. After
the meeting Mr. Embry and Mrs. Ball
will address the Boy Scouts of the divi
sion Basket-ball is In full swing at Western
High. Four lntraschool games have been
.-.-i rf Murine the week. The second-
year team Is the strongest "novice team"
the school has ever nao, " tu...
has arranged for contests with Madeira.
...... a -. rcallnlMftt aehOOlS.
notion Atmu, " " -r ---
Central will meet Western toward the
close of the basket-ball aeason.
ti,. iiuvioteA Charities have notified
the board o education that they have
received T0.o..9 trora tne ahbj.s'u
i .,. .Mtrn nf the District
oueriui v - -. - , ,.
ot Columbia, to be used for shoes, cloth-
lsg, and otner necesamra ". .';
nutred by pubUc school children. This
Is an Increase ot $501.40 over the 1310 of
t. i,. K..n fnnnd necessary to engage
Business High School haU for Miss Ma
gulre's lecture on Friday. January 19. to
accommodate a large audience. Miss Ma
gulro Is supervising principal ot the
?,.,.--. At.trit ct the Philadelphia
nuuuiu w...- - -
schools and an entertaining lecturer.
I...... e thanks has een-Tecelved
.,. ,K- Knarri of education from the
American Chemical society tor mo uso
of McKlnley aianuai iramw "' rul
ing the recent convention of the Ameri
can' Scientific Association.
Assembly Hall, atTwestern High, has
recently been fitted out with 760 seats.
.l f.. amnhlthMf,r KtvlA ASd fin
ished In malachite green, harmonising
with stage curtains ana iuio -
TYi.T-af tnf midyear a-raduatlng ex
ercises are being held In all eighth grades
and high schools. Where clases are small.
- ?.-. and Tltrn TTIe-h. no for-
mal exercises nil! be held, the graduates
Joining tne regular iuno itoaa v
t.., aMnitl Atnnfttnsr and DODulartty of
the '"fresh air school" Is shown by an
Increased enrollment this year over jasu
Thirty-three boys and girls now do the
prescribed fifth grade work, comfortably
... j,, ..., on,t ttlnnlrat ft waa
a fourth grade last year, but as both
teacher and pupils had earned a promo
tion, ana xor uie purpose u. iuiiuio,
air system, the fresh air school is now
the fifth graae at tne niara ociiot.
touch with the records carefully compUed
by Miss uaroner.
TrimmAm- nf taut week Mlsa Atleo de
voted to firing the pottery made by the
atyplea I and ungraded pupils, uowis.
vase were in the collection. These are to
form a part ot tne permanent cxmou
planned by Mr. Patterson. The up-to-
jt- vil.. f- thta wrnrlr la Installed in the
basement of the Henry School.
Miss Uucllla E. Smith, the pioneer Nor
mal School principal of Washington's
public schools, is the guest of Miss Janet
.rcWUllams. of 2133 K street. Miss Smith
began the work ot training young teach
ers at the UTannun uujiuing in ioit, ana
rinrinir the twelve years following wss
untiring in her efforts to make the Wash
ington Normal ocnooj tne equal or any
In the country. She will spend the win
ter season In Florida with her brother.
Dr. C- W- Smith, a prominent physician
ot Cleveland, Ohio.
iph trinifttrt-Arten Afsoelailon met at
the Thomson School Friday afternoon
at 2JSD o'clock. 3Ilss Dudley Manning
cave a preliminary iaiK do ine- xsinei
test, and Mr. W. B. Patterson made the
address of the meeting on the unusual
M0IDEE OF C1T1ZKSU
ffltit&sfe si. - 4m
SBBBSammmmiammV. TT .?S5jp
sseja , 'ilSf'
DR. WILLIAM If. DAVXDS02T,
Snperlntaident ot Capital Sohoata,
br of the Cosmos and Federal Sckeol-,
men's clubs, a BspubUcae, In polities, and I
a Presbyterian In religion. With hlsj
wife and daughter, now a student at I
Vessar, he resides at SIC Seventeenth
Twenty-five graduates, five of whom!
are boys, leave "Old Central" February
u Dr. Davidso! will address them at the j
graduation exercises. Mr. Stone la pres-1
Went and Miss BaHenger vice president
of the class. i
Dr. G. Harris White, a former Cen'
trallte. entertained the upper class at
chapel last Wednesday morning with
many well selected songs. Incidentally,,
Dr. White Is the successful pitcher Xor'
the Chicago Americas.
Dr. Snyder gave the first Bed Cross
lecture to the Boy Scouts at the Emery
School Friday evening. Forty-seven
boys have -applied for permission to
take the course, consisting ot eight
Miss M. E. Bond, principal of ths
Gage School, surprised the two patrols
of her school by the presentation of a
Scout flag, a treasure much coveted by
The Mothers' Club of the Northeast
will hold Its next meeting at the WeGb
Building. Dr. Isabel Lamb will ad
dress the mothers on the general care
of children's health.
"Pupil's Bank." of Business High,
made a fine showing in Its report to
the board of directors last Friday. It
has $2,100 in bank, divided among 411
depositors. Twenty-four outsiders. 2$
teachers. 37 night school students, Mc
Klnley lunchroom, and various school
Interests are among the depositors.
Prof. Samson, of ths French depart
ment at Central. Is not yet sufficiently
recovered to take up his school duties.
He spent Christmas vacation In Chi
cago, where he contracted grip.
The rifle range at Central was com
pleted this -week and actual work that
The Department of the Interior has
prepared an exhibit ot wonderful pic
tures of American scenery for the use
of colleges and universities. The pictures
are art-gallery slze beautifully framed
and exquisitely colored. An effort is thus
being made to interest Americans in the
natural beauty of their own country.
Each picture Is labeled. "See America
First." The exhibit will be open, to the
public all next week at the Franklin
An illustrated musical lecture and re
cital by Miss Virginia Bestor was given
at Normal SchSol No. 1 Friday after
noon. Miss Bestor Is well known In
Washington as a teacher and concert
Mr. Bobert Tracey and Mr Joseph
Flnckel will give a school song morning
next Tuesday at Business High.
Parents and teachers met for a social
hour at the Abbot Wednesday afternoon.
Everybody had a really good time ex
changing experiences about, their own
children. Light refreshments were served
Mrs. Byram Is doing remarkably effec
tive work with the girls" choral at West
ern High. About 12S girls are studying
the masterpieces arranged for girls'
voices by Mr Henry T. Flnck. musical
editor ot the New Tork Evening Post.
and Miss Alys Bentley, director ot music
In the Washington schools.
Douglas Parents and Teachers' Associa
tion listened to an able address by Dr.
Davidson last Tuesday evening on the
heart, the head, and tho hand. Mr. John
Lane presided over tho meeting.
MR. HITCHCOCK'S IT. A?.
Postmaster General Tlecetves His
First Quadrennial Proposal.
That conspicuous bachelor Postmaster
General Hitchcock, received his first leap
year proposal yesterday and since h
has been gazing into the mirror, dream
ily and retrospectively. From Houston.
Ter, the home and headquarters of that
divine feminine genius, the red-headed
widow, came a violet scented, delicately
Indited, gentle epistle: and, though It
was elusive, it showed that the elec
tricity of matrimony- was In the air.
Here is the utter:
"As we have now reached the year D1X
and hearing from newspaper accounts
that you are a bachelor and have always
been too busy to. get married. I thought
probably you might find time to take up
short correspondence wim qne who win
be very Interested. r
'.Now., even, it you nave always been so
busy. I trust you will find time and pleas
ure enough in answering mis note when
you realize that you are giving pleasure
to some one else. Trusting to hear from
you at jour earliest convenience. I am.
yours yar iruiy. u. u. -u.
Hlltou Candidate- for Treasurer.
Bockvllle. Md.. Jan. l At a caucus
of the Democrstlc members of the -legislature
to be held In Annapolis Monday
nia-ht. Bobert O. Hilton, president of the
Farmers Banklner and Trust Company.
of thla place, will be supported by the
rjroirresstve Democrats, headed by State
Senator Blair Lee. of thla county, for
State treasurer to succeed Murray van
dlver. who has held the position many
years air xiuion taay Morjnm n
report that aa wouia o s i