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THE WASHINGTON HERALD. SUNDAY, 'JANUARY 14. 1912.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
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TBB WASHINGTON BEBA.LD.
SUNDAY, JANCAKY It. WZ.
BEN JOHHSOH WRONG
OH DISTBICT HISTORY
Not satisfied with championing the
cause of mistaken economy m cutting
municipal appropriations to the bone.
Hon. Ben Johnson, of Kentucky, chair
man of the House District Committee,
resorts to misstatement of fact and dis
tortion of law and history to bolster
his argument for making. Washington a
cheap city. Mr. Johnson appears to
be so completely obsessed -with the idea
of getting nearly $2,000,000 out of the
Ditnct budget that he is blinded to
the plain terms of the law by which
appropriations are made and the prac
tice which has been followed sinee the
adoption of the organic act of 1878.
Mr Johnson said that Uhe argument
that the United States should contrib
ute onc-lialf to support 6,110 acres
which originallj made up the Cityof
Washington is an entirely different
proposition from gimg one-half to the
support of the District of Columbia
containing nearly 50,000 acres"
In the first place, the proposition that
the United States should contribute
one-half to the support of 6,110 acres
winch made up the original City of
Washington is not different from giv
ing one-lialf to support the 50,000 acres
of the District of Columbia, for the
ery gopd reason that the law
which created the District of Colum
bia, as a municipality wiped out that
distinction by revoking the charters of
Washington and Georgetown and unit
ing them and the territory under the
Lev) Court of Washington County into
the District of Columbia.
By the terms of the act of 1878, which
set forth the half-and-half princple of
paying the expenses of the District, the
municipality was incorporated and the
statement was made in express lan
guage that the United States and the in
corporated District should share equal
ly in the expenses of the government.
In point of fact, there is no City of
Washington, and Mr Johnson's con
tention that am distinction can be made
in fat or of the original 6.1 10 acres of
the old at is flatly contradicted m law
and made impossible by practice under
that law for thirty-four 3 ear
That was a fine and dramatic scene
on the floor of the House when Rep
resentative Burleson ought to throw
the protecting shield of his eloquence
over the shoulders of his colleague and
smooth for him some of the harshness
of criticism bj local newspapers Mr
Johnson interrupted the speaker and
solemnly declared that he was able to
stand alone, and that he would ask no
member to make excuses for him or
Ins committee. The Kentucky member
snorted defiance at the Washington
press, but it is not many days since he
read several newspaper clippings to a
reporter, selected with care from a
large collection of them which occupies
a safe place in his private room.
"So far from being impenious
thereto, Mr. Johnson really has a thin
and sensitive skin when hit by adverse
criticism. If proof is needed, his boyish
and uncalled for show of ill temper to
ward Representative Madden, of Illi
nois, 0.1 the floor of the House is suffi
cient Here was a stalwart giant of the
Blue Grass State passing an imitation
to a member of the House less physi
cally endowed to come outside and en
gage m a fist fight to settle differences
on a point of order! Oh, no; Hon. Ben
Johnson, of Kentucky, is not touched
by the shaft of criticism 1
Hoa Ben Johnson, -who does not
scruple, in the sacred name of economy,
to cripple a great city's finances by cut
ting out millions of dollars from a bud
get framed by its constituted author
ities with painstaking care, and who
does not hesitate to distort fact and
juggle history to gain his point, Is a
brave statesman to be. intrusted with the
well-being of the Capital City of the
nation. He is about as much in place
at the head of the District Committee
of the House as a hungry lion would
Ie in the guise of shepherd to spring
Iambs. Toe ignorant of the A B C
o"f District history is bad enough, but
to-pose as a disciple of economy by
robbing a municipality of its needed
revenues is worse.
But all the obloquy Ben Johnson can
heap on the District of Columbia in his
mistaken plea for economy in municipal
expenses does not hit at the real motive-
which moves him and his col
leagues. The cat was let out of the
bag by a remark which fell in the
course of the debate, that the speaker
heard no objection to the cut in Dis
trict expenses from the outside. It is
to the gallery outside that this fine
showing of alleged economy is made. It
will sound fine-in Kentucky and on the
hustings during the pending Presiden
tial campaign. That is the jfcecret; and
neither Mr. Johnson nor his eloquent
colleagues care how much, the District
government, may sweat under the re
(taction of appropriations to the point
Storm Is Widespread.
Jack .Frost has practically the whole
country in his icy grip. Low tempera
tures, driving snows, howling winds,
and widespread damage to property and
life are attendants of the great storm
which has swept the United States for
four days and has extended over a
great part of the Atlantic Ocean. In
some of the Southern States the storm
took the form of driving elect, fasten
ing upon trees, killing early vegeta
tion, aarancea umiraeiy uy me muu
weather which prevailed there untij a
few weeks ago. In the Northwest and
Lake States extremely low tempera
tures have prevailed, in some cases the
lowest in twenty years.
In parts of the Southeastern States
the storm assumed the proportions of
a gale, and much damage to shipping is
reported along the coast It has been
many years since a storm of such vigor
and 'fury has visited this country. The
tale of suffering is long, and in many
of the Northern cities persons scantily
clad and poorly housed have perished
in the cold. Not in yearshave the re
sources of charity been subjected to so
set ere a strain, and in every big city
the call for unloosing the purse strings
to provide for the hungry, cold, and
destitute is urgent.
Locally, the cold has been intense
for the latitude of Washington, the
fall of snow heavy, and the attendant
discomfort of a piece with that of the
rest of the country. Railway com
panies have met the situation with good
effect, and for the most part cars have
run on schedule time, thus removing
one cause of discomfort to the popula
tion. All during the storm it has been
easy to get about, and the work of the
city has gone forward with little hin
drance. In all parts of the country the situa
tion of being thrust into the depths of
arctic winter from the mild weather of
autumn lias been met with great for
titude. America will weather the storm
and meet its rigors braely, serious as
the situation is
Weather reports do not gtve much
hope for immediate relief from the bit
ing cold, but the force of the storm is
pretty well spent, and it is likely that
in a few dajs the temperature will re
lax and comfortable winter weather
Manchus Flee from Pekin.
Recent dispatches from Guua indi
cate that the Manchu princes and the
royal family are about to abandon the
capital and find refuge at JehoL a point
about 150 miles northwest of Pekin.
This movement is believed to be in
spired by a desire of the Manchus to
withdraw to a part of the country more
in sympathy with the royal party, where
their lives will be for a time safer than
The effect of this retreat of the roy
alists to the mountainous regions in
North China will be to remove the cen
ter of the government to a remote spot
and delay the operations of the revo
lutionists for an indefinite period Bv
some, the movement 13 interpreted as
an attempt to remove the capital of
China from Pekin to Nankin, and to
involve China in the meshes of foreign
influence in the hope of breaking the
power of the revolution
It is evident that the advance of the
revolution has made the Forbidden
City too warm for the royalists, and
that thej are fleeing to the only place
of safety in their dominions. The
movement appears to be a confession
of defeat, and while the struggle mav
be continued for an indeterminate time.
the departure of the throne from Pekin
means nothing less than the fatal
plunge before the end of the Chinese
Naturallv there will be complications.
possibly an effort upon the part of the
powers to preserve in some form the
integrity of the present government,
but if that is to be done by outside aid
it would seem important that it should
take place in Pekin, and not at the bor
ders of the country, from which the
conduct of the government would be
vastly more difficult than in the more
central position of the present capital.
In any event the fleeing of the royal
house from Pekin is significant of the
growing power of the revolution, and
gives to that extent promise of its ulti
Changing Organic law.
For the fourth time in its history the
State of Ohio is holding a constitutional
convention to change its organic law.
The present constitution of the State
was adopted in 1851, and in many re
spects It is defective and obsolete. But
the real motive behind the present con
stitutional convention is not merely to
write the law of 185 1 to date, but to in
ject into the constitution of the State
some of the more radical and advanced
political ideas of the day. It is such
questions as the initiative, -the referen
dum, the stall of public officials, and
prohibition of the liquor traffic which
will take precedence in the convention
of 1912. '
The constitutional convention in Ohio
is overwhelmingly progressive, though
the conservatives teem to make up in
determination what they lack in num
bers; ? A ppll of the convention before.
tt met resulted in the announcement
fiat 70" per cent of the member would
line up with the progressives on the Is
sues mentioned. The personnel of the
convention is mixed, containing one
'former member of Congress, an ex
lieutenant governor, two members of
the legislature, many lawyers several
ministers, and a large number of iirau
ers and others in the ordinary walks
of life. In fact, the convention is pop
ular rather than political, and its work
may be expected to show a nonpartisan
spirit Politically, the Democrats are
m the majority, with sixty-five dele
gates, while the Republicans have forty
eight. Independents three, and the So
cialists three. Some political wire-pull
ing was manifest in the election of
chairman, but this will undoubtedly fade
from sight as the convention settles
down to the 'serious work before It
Ohio is the first State east of the
Mississippi to undertake a trial of the
socialistic notions of the initiative, ref
erendum, and the recall. These political
principles have been adopted in the con
stitutions oT some States west of the
great river, but in the East the people
have been content to go along with the
old and time-tried forms of organic law.
It it yet too early to predict what will
eventuate from the deliberations of the
convention, but enough has happened
since the organization of the body to
satisfy all observers that' there are
stormy times ahead, and the proceed
ings will be watdied with Jceen interest
in all parts of the nation.
It dOS not add fo Ml. rnmtnr fnr fhn
astronomers to tell us iro are 1.000,000
miles nearer the sun than wa vera last
When MISSOUrl enter! hn- Ihnnilirh.
breda for the race, wilt they "Champ"
Good mornlnir. Mr. Candidate! Have you
been Jollned yet?
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
THIS FL'ZXV FAD.
Now a fuzzy hat we meet.
Or a fuzzy town.
If we venture on the street.
Anywhere In town.
Men are wearing; fuzzy vesta.
Fuzry robes appear.
Such are Fashion's stern behests
For the current year.
Fuzzy garments! We've a hunch
That they wen't crow less.
Seems the world Is but a buneh
Of plain fuzzlness.
Uncle Pennyvrlst) Sayat
We all sigh for something- unattain
able. My wife has never been able to
find any good use for the burnt matches.
"I see you have an actor chopping;
"Yes. He was In hard luck and I cave
him a Job."
"He'll get tired soon."
"Ho claims not: says he Is devoted to
"Mabel, let's no to the matinee." said
a local bud yesterday to her chum.
"So," was the response. "I can't bear
to see my mother doing; the housework."
"But you won't sea her If you to to
To cost our fancy ever clings.
Upon my word.
We only seem to value things
Wc can't afford.
A Look Ahead.
"I wish we could pierce the veil of the
"Well, we can. In a way. The January
newspapers aro now copying thins out
of the May magazines."
Sounded I.lUr a Came.
A returned explorer was giving: a parlor
"What Is the gentleman talking about?"
demanded a languid lady.
e "Progressive Peru."
"And how do you play ItT"
"What you need, madam. Is ox) gen.
Como eery afternoon for your Inhala
tions. They will cost you 14 eaclj."
"I knew that other doctor didn't un
derstand my case." declared the fash
ionable patient, "lie told me all I needed
was plain fresh air."
THE VICE PRESIDENT.
Mr. Slirrrann Don Well In that Im
Vxtvi the Nuhrilte Drnuxrtt.
Vice President Sherman has Indicated
his deslrn to retire rrom public life at the
end of his term of office. As he could
hardly expect tbo unusual distinction of
belnc placed again on the Republican na
tional ticket In the event of President
Taft's renomlnatlon. the retirement of
the genial Vice President would seem to
be the natural order. There has been
some little talk of putting him forward
as a candidate for governor In New
York, but it has not been strong enough
to cause him t forego his announced
determination to avail himself of the
more unhampered enjoyments of private
life. Mr. Sherman has made a very good
Vkje President. He has presided over
the Senate with suitable dignity, and he
has figured prominently on some social
and political occasions. He Is regarded
as n skillful politician, but not ot con
spicuous national force.
"Sort Goes Jtfarcbtns; On."
From the Kcw Orlram BUtea.
The spirit of Carrie Nation Is marching
.on. A Myrtle, Mo., reformer bought a
distillery over the line In Arkansas the
other day for 100; to get rid of It, took
It home and Invited the wives and daugh
ters of the town to chop It to pieces.
They responded promptly with their little
hatchets, and an enjoyable time was had.
Strange Women In Charleston!
Fran the CtutUoong Tlmn.
"We are not swelled up about It at all.
but we have already received three pro
posals, and leap year is mighty young at
that. It pays to have a mustache."
says the Charleston News and Courier.
And to live in a town where the womm
are utterly without discrimination.
A. P. Should Behave.
From the Ooiambui (Ohio) Stit JoanU.
CoL Roosevelt's editorial outgivings are
regarded as so Important that the chances
are the Associated Press would carry a
three-column -description of the domestic
naoils or tne wan nog. -1 ha shouM
happen to choose that theme,
WITH THE POLITICAL PROCESSION
There ara three brothers OrOHCws OS
the American map, far wart, but aU
etlva ta politics and pabUe Mtelra !n
their respective regions. Judje Peter
Oroascup. of Chicago, wta W
to resign a life, place m the Federal
Circuit Court that ha m!ht amass a
few more million dollar and not be
talked about for dotar Jt. Fred Paul
Grosscup Uvea at Charleston, W. vs..
and has long been both adle and un
fortunate In Republican affairs of the
Kanawha, region. He all but baa a Fed'
era! appointment a few year back with
both Senators for hlm but President
JiooMvelt recalled some sarcastic com
ment by the Judge and declined to ap
point the brother. Ben B. Grosscup long
ago hiked from-tha original Grosscup
home in Ohio to Washington State and
quickly rose to local eminence after the
Grosscup fashion. He is now In Wash'
Ington with Supreme Court business on
hand and with a frequent Interrogation
point when polities Is discussed.
However far apart the brothers may be
on the map. they arc very much to
gether when It comes to opposing the
suggestion of Roosevelt for another terra.
Since becoming a private citizen Judge
Grosscup has spoken plainly on politi
cal propositions, and he was not over
whelmingly silent while on the bench.
The TVest Virginia brother has kept
rather silent since be was sacrificed for
his brother's sins, but promises to take
a hand later on this-year "when the usual
agitation begins In bis State.
Ben Grosscup. when asked about
Washington Bute politic, replied: "Out
In Washington we know our business
when it comes to politics, and we are
for the Republican side of things, pre
ferring, too, the old-fashioned Republi
can sentiment without any progressive
frills. Indeed, the people of Washing
ton are very tired of the continued an
noyance by demogoglcal politicians. The
only real difference In Republican sen
timent out our way Is between the old
standpat Idea and that of revision.
T- can add that the preponderance of
sentiment Is very much In favor of the
standpat proposition. We have not yet
got to tne point where we cease to
point with pride to the achievements of
the Republican party. We came from a
ruggw Republican stock, -which migrated
mostly from the MIssIssIdd! Valley, and
this generation Is not going to be misled
ny noise and confusion ot tongues. As
for the Democrats ot the Pacific Coast
region. I can say that they lean largely
toward Gov. Harmon, of Ohio. They feel
he represents the old Clevelsnd Idea, and
It might be added that our Republicans
Incline to some one who seems to repre
sent some if the old-fashioned MeKlnley
Anyhow, ours Is a ReDubllean State.
and we will keep It so, never fear."
Republican members ot Congress from
New York who went home during thj
week were eager during their stay
learn Just what CoL Roosevelt said at
the Aldlne Club banquet the other night.
As the colonel Insisted there should be
reporters present, there was the
greater zeal displayed in flndlng out
what the colonel said, even If he an
nounce! beforehand that he would not
make a speech. There were some WO
guests at the dinner, ard no one won
der that a few things said by the ora
tors, who, swearing they would never
consent, consented to make a few re
marks, should be repeated, CoL Roose
velt took up only three-quarters of an
hour with what he had to say, and. as
told by a guest to a New York Repre'
Mutative, the substance of the Roosevelt
remarks was that he was not a candi
date for President, had never Intended to
be, did not want to be. and all that sort
of thing, but and then he admitted con
ditions might arise to compel at least
some attention on his .part to the de
mands or his party and his friends In
all the Slate. This statement, emr-
dally the part following the "but."
seemed to please the Aldlne diners
mightily, but there was no demonstra
tion calculated to Inspire the colonel
with the Idea that the whole nation was
clamoring for his return to the White
It might le pertinent to remark In con
nection with the Interest of New York
Republican Congressmen In the real story
of the Aldlne speech that they Indicated
a renewed Interest In bolstering up the
President Taft campaign for renomlna
tlon once they learned what was said by
the coloneL There was also the tip that
several up-State Republican members
would meet, quite by accident, of course,
in New York over Saturday and Sunday
to plan a real and active campaign for
President Taft, so that he can be given
the New Tork delegation, whatever Is
done from now on by tho Roosevelt peo
ple. The Taft manager promise to work
In the open and defy any methods em
ployed by the opposition. Congressman
George W. ralrchlld. of Oneonto, Is one
of the up-State members who has been
active for President I alt since going
home earlier In the week, and it Is the
Falrchlld prediction that within the next
few weeks the sentiment for the Presi
dent will rapidly increase In New York
State. Falrchlld has been busy In Wash
ington ascertaining the Taft sentiment In
Western States from reiiow-memDers or
tho House, and he went home fully Im
pressed with the bellpf that the West Is
lining up for the administration, and asks
the East to Join In the procession. The
significance of the Falrchlld activity lies
the fact that he has long been In
close touch with the Republican old guard
ot New York and the regular State Re
publican organization. Chairman Jim
Barnes and alL who will have much to
tay about the election of delegates to
the national convention
Alcxandrer Stewart, once a Republican
member of Congress from Wisconsin, and
a millionaire lumber king of the North
west, has come to his Washington home
for the winter. Although eighty-two years
old, he continues vigorous and eager to
know all that Is dpg In politics. CoL
Stewart, like so many other rettred states,
men, also business men, long ago decided
that Washington was the Ideal winter
home for one who delighted In public
affairs, and once he retired from both
politics and business he built a fine resi
dence here and is serene. His example
has been followed by many others who
have been in Serate or House, or in
other lines of government work, so that
Washington each winter has the greatest
assemblage of eminent and rich men to
be found In nny city on earth.
Percv r-e Mckean, of Canton, and
George Clark, postmaster of the same
city, noted as the home of William Mc
Klnler, have been at the Wlllard, gently
convoyed to and fro by their Democratic
member ot Congress, John J. Whltacre.
As McLean and Clark are ardent Repub
licans, they rather enjoy the zealous ef
forts 'of Whltacre to make their stay
pleasant. In spite of. the Wliltacre ac
tivity In behalf of constituents, he is not
mn .,.,. for a. renomlnatlon as others
suppose, and lias not declared his inten
tions. The old, Mcliiniey ui.mn. ur
mally Republican and promises plenty of
trouble" for Whltacre or any other Dem
ocrat this year. What is more, Whit-hm-.
fc. failed to line up with the Har
mon procession, and has been a bit bit
ter in proclaiming vnai .
... .- ..... .... ih. delegation from his
VV IV ,I,D , 1 -- . --.,,
8tte. The Harmon reur w tmi-
&CT ISNthat hi agony of soul is due to
uio recusal or tne governor 10 cau tue
legislature In session to give Whlticre a
new and Democratic district. Whltacre
cares little for such retorts, but he does
object to sudden effusion .from tho 'Wil
son bureau putting him at the head of a
movement designed to organize for the
New Jersey governor In every district of
the Harmon "Stat. Such a story was
sent out from Wshhlngton. and Whltacre
called It a lie with a qualifying adjective
and let It go at that. Even so, Whltacre
Is not for Harmon, and may give trouble
ere the game proceeds much further,
Joseph L. Rhlnoelc who was three
times elected a Democratic member of
Congress from tbo Covington (Ky.) dis
trict, visited Washington yesterday and
enjoyed telling of his six years -"service"
in the House. There was some
chaffing of Joseph by present members
Who served with htm when he was here
and then Rhlnock retorted that he at
least had a record unmatched by any
ether Democrat or Republican ever
elected from any district. T can claim
at least that I actually attended the ses
sion of the House three tunes In Ihree
terms," said Joseph, "for I had to be
sworn In at the beglnnlng'of each term,
and that took part of a, day every other
first Monday In December, so I could
get on the salary rolL Can any other
statesmtn how uch a remancble rec
ordT" However Jocular Joseph may be
about hi absence, it Is recalled by other
Kentucky statesmen that he really re
mained here nearly a week during hli
first term, as the novelty was attractive
end he was , really Interested. Then he
turned the whole game over to a com
petent secretary and hiked Xor his the
atrical offices in New York. "Anyhow, I
did good for my district said Rhlnock
hist night, "as my secretary. Harvey
Helm, learned the business and came to
Congress In good geason, better qualified
a a Congressman than any new mem
ber ever sent from the State. I did
hanker to take part In the last cam
paign, that I might help my old frind,
Olllo James, to the Senate, but, bless
you, he didn't need any help and ambled
In with ease, much to my Joy."
The one regret of Rhlnock Is that hi
business associate, George Cox, was bad
ly thumped on the Cincinnati side ot the
river. Just across from the old Rhlnock
district, but Joe feels sura that the Cox
town will soon tiro of Democratic re
form and return to the goo old methods
of the machine.
Private John Allen, of Tupelo, a famous
member of the Mlsslslppl delegation In
Congress for many years, came In with
out flourish from New York and rather
sadly remarked that few were left to
greet him mho knew him twenty years
ago. Private John is growing old him
self, and with regret, but during hi Con
gresslonsl career he was famous for
stories, and each time he visits Washing
ton he Is besieged by old admirers who
beg him for a new series of quaint tales
from the South.
" "I took a look at things up House way,"
remarked John rather sadly, "and the
same old anxious sorting out of mall goes
on. especially by new members. They
seem Just as eager as ever to pick out
those little square violet-scented envel
opes addressed in feminine hand, and the
same old scowl comes to the classic brow
when the opened envelope disclose an
advertisement of soap or breakfast food.
You know when I wa a member of Con
gress I Introduced a bill prohibiting the
use of such envelopes thus addressed with
alluring deceiving penmanship, but some
folks like to be deceived most of the time,
and the game goes merrily on. No; I am
not In politics, and the Lord know we
have had distress enough among Demo
crats In Mississippi to make one ssd un
til the day of Judgment, only we have not
given up hope of final Joy "
COUET BEGINS WELL
Municipal Experiment In Cleveland
Fnim the Clerritad PUln D!cr.
The first week's experience with the
Cleveland Municipal Court encouracea
tnose who have pinned their faith to this
new tribunal One hundred and sixteen
cases were handled during the flii days'
actual work, and the week closed with
a clear- docket.
If the court can maintain this record
or one approximating it, one of the par
ticular claims made In Its favor will have
been Justified. The Incident indicates
that the court has been organized effi
ciently and that the people in establish
ing thl court have provided themselves
with an instrument for the encourage
ment of Justice.
"people's court" this municipal bench
has been called. Clearly. If the court Is
to retain this complimentary title. It must
Insist on speed and simplicity of proce
dure. The first week argues the possl
blllry that this hope, ot the court's advo
cates may be fulfilled.
THAT COLD WAVE.
Fhra the CWintsn Hm tad Osier.
Some weather, not summer weather.
From the pluibnrt Son.
And this, after we had to stand for a
From th ClrrtUnd ruin Dnler.
Can It be possible that the cold wave
has struck Tripoli, also?
From the AthurU CooMitMloc
a cold wave could only know when
a hard-hit country has enough!
From the B<taicre Eur
If you happen to fall on the Ice get up
and say what )ou said about Ice last
Finn the Chlruro Eimlrr Ftxt.
A new cold wave burst the thermome
ters around Duluth. Th,e frigid zone It
self seems to be In danger of breaking.
From the Dm Mouu Tnbose.
After touching 5 below zero, the at
mosphere almost has a balmy feel to It
when It gets back to the cipher mark. '
Fiwn the rittrtors Dlrtca.
Concerning the most strenuous days of
the recent cold snap, they convey a limit
f what the sadly overworked wdrd
'blizzard" really means, j
From the NtihrtUt TraMuein. 1
It is so cold In Chicago the clocks have
stopped. So husbands can now stay out
as long as they wish without being
chalked up as belated.
Fran lb Mlhnnlie Smtlntt.
Getting cold feet may be slang, but
there is more truth than fiction in It
Knew Hott to Apply Starch,
Fran the Mllnnte SwitineL
A Taxas washerwoman has been be
queathed $100,000 by one of her clients. It
Is safe, to bet that she never put too
much starch In his shirts.
3io -J I ope for Clark!
Fran the Bomtaa Vctt
Champ Clark may clostly imitate some
of Vnde Cannon's "damns," but he can
never ncqulre Nhe etching tilt ot the
Uncle Joe Cannon cigar. ,
Jeweled Box from Queen
Is Sent to Lady Paget
Among the many Christmas presents
received by Lady Paget, who 1 recuper
ating from her severs accident, wuicn
caused a shortening of one leg, was a
handsome box. Inlaid In Ivory and gold,
sent all the way from India, by Queen
Mary of England, as well as an antique
gold pencil case from Queen Alexandra.
This pencil case Is highly appreciated for
the recson that it belonged to th late
King Edward, who .used It to mark bis
betting card at the races.
Lady Paget entertained at Chrl'tmas
dinner the Duchess of Marlborough.
Lady Innes-Ker. the Marchioness of
Blandford. and Sir Hill Child, the latter
In good spirit despite the fact that his
engagement to Lady Helen Grotvenor
was broken o suddenly and without any
The Duke of Montpen'ler has leased
hi recently acquired steam yacht Mauna
to Alfred G. Vanderbllt, who intends to
take a somewhat belated honeymoon
cruise to the Mediterranean with his
bride, the former Mrs. McKIm, whose
unexpected marriage to the New Tork
multimillionaire the other day created
such a stir on both sides of the Atlantic.
It ha been stated on good authority
that the newly wadded couple will make
New Tork their future home, but will
spend the greater part of the year In
The Prince and Princess of Battenberg
and their daughter recently paid a visit to
Lady Naylor-Leland, the tanner Miss
Chamberlln, the famous American beauty,
at her country seat, Nantclyd. In North
Wales, st a large New Year's house
party. Among the guests was Lady
Leicester, and report has It that her
pretty daughter. Lady Bridget Coke, and
the elder son of Lady Naylor-Leland, Sir
Albert, whose coming of age was cele
brsted at that party, have fallen In love
with each other. The young baronet Is
very wealthy, and both mothers will be
pleased If there is to be a match. There
was a ball 'and a midnight carnival on the
grounds, following some theatricals. There
also were illuminations with old-fashioned
torches held by men In old-fashioned
The baronet has received vary hand
some gifts. Including a pearl p!h from
the King and a gold cigarette case with
the royal crown and initial In red and
blue enamel from Queen Alexandra. The
Queen has sent a sefof old prints, which
are a fad with the baronet. King Edward
was very fond of Sir Albert's beautiful
The rulers of the petty German princi
palities which managed to survive the
Napoleonlo sweep and were not media
tized are no longer the vassals of either
King or Emperor. Suzerainty ended with
the fall of the "Holy Roman Empire of
the German Nation," and all German
rulers are the equal ot the Emperor hi
peers. In so far as he Is not allowed to
declare war without their consent
60 Is Monaco an Independent state, and
the same can be said of the two small
est of all countries the "republic" of
San Marino, !n Italy, and that of An
dorra. In the Pyrenees Mountains, be
tween Spain and France.
Roumanla, Servla, and Montenegro all
were vassals of Turkey until they were
freed from the suzerainty of the Sultan
In tho Russo-Turklsh war of 1STT, Bul
garia remained subject to Turkish su-'
zeralnty until two years ago, while with
regard to Eastern Rumella, Ferdinand
ranked merely as a governor general.
On the occasion ot a state visit paid by
Ferdinand to Constantinople be kissed
the Sultan's hand In token ot his fealty
as a vassal a Christian prince of one of
the sovereign houses of the Old World,
related to three-fourths of the reigning
families. But in 1909 Ferdinand took ad
vantage of the insurrectionary agitation
at Constantinople to renounce his allegi
ance and to proclaim himself King Ot
Queen Wllhelmlna ot the Netherlands
has a number of sultans and rajahs ot
the Dutch East Indies who acknowledge
I her suzerainty Emperor William, too.
I finds In some of the native kings ot the
I Grman spheres of Africa a readiness to
I accept ni iorasmp. .Portugal, aitnougn
NATIONAL LINCOLN MEMOHIAL.
Dealon of Architect Bacon Receives
PVrro tb New Ycrk Sun.
Too little attention has been paid to the
project, at last making some real head'
way, for a national memorial to Abraham
Lincoln at Washington. For many years.
In a vague -way, the Idea has been dis
cussed. The eeml-centcnnlal celebrations
ot 1911 gave It new life. Congress appro
priated .000,000. a greater sum than has
heretofore been appropriated by that
body for any similar purpose, and the
Lincoln memorial commission, with Pres
ident Taft at Its head, moved, far enough
to employ an accomplished New York
architect to create a design for the Lin
coln memorial on the Potomac Park site
advocated by the Fine Arts Commission.
This site had been prev iously commended
by John Hay as that best suited to the
purpose at heart.
In what morb significant place could a
national monument to Lincoln arise than
In the park provided by Congress on the
bank of the Potomac River, In tho vista
commanded from the Capitol past the
Washington Monument to the heights ot
Arlington? It lends Itself, too, to further
symbolism, should the proposed bridge
connecting this avenue with Arlington
be built, as another mark of the union
of North and South, leaguing the seat
of government with Virginia. It happens
also that from the tomb of MaJ L'En-
rant. who planned Washington, the spec
tator looking toward the Capitol would
find within the line of his-vtston the low,
masslva memorial to Lincoln and the
tall pile of the monument to Washington.
Here the Lincoln memorial would be
away from business, free ot the distrac
tions of any crowded part of the city.
Lincoln was not a spectacular hero, and
the solemnity of his place In the history
of the government comports little with
a fashionable hilltop or a highway for
tlg&tseemg; automobiles, though It run to
Mr. Bacon has been. Impelled and gov
erned essentially In his design presented
to the commission by the feeling thst
solemnity and Isolated grandeur should
be embodied In euctv a memorial. This Is
apparent In the models and drawings
now exhibited In Washington, some as
pects or which were reproduced In the
Sun last Sunday. The architect has gone
to classical sources and has worked out
somq beautirul refinements of detail, but
he has not found It necessary Jo often a
copy ot some earlier edifice, and he has
made it In its elements symbolical ot the
lederatton ot the States at the critical
periods ot history and significant of Lin
coln and his qualities In the serenejn-
tenor. Where the President's statue will
race the doors which open toward the
The art societies hav not Ignored this
Lincoln memorial, but the subject and
the object are worthy of further study
and attention; and. work.
It has abolished monarchy, still continue
to contribute money toward the mainte
nance of kings in her East JUrScan pos
sessions; while- republican France main
tains an Emperor in Annato. King In
Cambodia, a Ber in Tunis, and now a
Sultan In Morocco, besides scores of other
African kings and sultans In Africa and
lnf Oceania. They all receive subsidies
from the French treasury. So, for that
matter, has the United States several sul
tans on its pay roll In the Philippine arch
ipelago. Those behind the scenes at the eonrf
of the EJcuMil' are Well aware of the true
cause of the ill feeling between King Al
fonso and his aunt, the Infanta Enlalla.
The marriage of her nephew to Prtncasa
Ena (now a 8panlh Queen called Vic
toria Eugenie) of Battenberg. was to
Eulalia a source of great grievance.
She always opined that her nephew, as
sovereign of & great nation, might have
found a wife more fitting to his high
rank and station. Patricia of Connaught.
the charming daughter of the uncle of
King George, who at the time of Al
fonso's visit to England was so much
to the fore, would have- suited Infanta
Eulalia better, but Patricia did not take
to Alfonso Xni. who. aha feared, had
Inherited the deadly disease that cut off
his father, Alfonso XH, lnhls prime,
and he preferred to follow his own In
clination nnd make what all the world
says has been a love match.
Eulalia. who recently achieved promi
nence through her book. "The Thread
of Life." never has appealed to Victoria
Eugenie. The royal ladles' dislike 1
mutual, and as Eulalia declines to be
snubbed she very seldom puts in an ap
pearance at the Spanish court and avoids
coming to Madrid. Slues her nephew's
marriage her visits have practically
ceased. On the other hand, the Infanta
i deeply attached to the Queen Mother.
Maria Christina, a acton or the Catholle
house of Wlttelsbecb. as she herself ha
of late publicly manifested during thl
storm over the publication of her book.
The rather offhand treatment meted out
to the Infanta's son, Don Alfonso ot
Orleans (an officer in the Spanish army
at the time of his marriage with Prin
cess Beatrice of Saxr-Coburg), by King
Alfonso, who deprived him of all bis
honors, has caused estrangement, and
although this prince has been reinstated
to all his honors, the Infanta considers
thst her son's eelf.denUl and patrio'tlstn
in volunteering for the Melina campaign
have not met with their due reward
and that he has been purposely passed
over owing to the Queen's desire to mor
Recently, on the arrival at Madrid of
the Infanta Paz, sister ot Donna Eula
lia, on a visit to the Spanish court.
Don Fernando, Eulalla's younger son. by
chance met her on oho same train.
Donna Paz and her daughters were re
ceived at the railway station by mem
bers of the royal family and conveyed
to the Escurial palace, where they were
housed during their entire stay. It ap
peared natural that Don Fernando should
have been accorded the same hospitality,
but King Alfonso bad a hint conveyed
to him that his presence In the palaae
would not be desirable. This Don Fer
nando promptly took. Installing himself
In the Rltz Hotel and telegraphing the
Incident to his mother In Paris.
Thus will be seen hqw trifling thing
may give rise to and cause great family
disturbances, especially in a country
where etiquette I everything. Another
bone of contention Is the constant pres
ence at the court ot Madrid ot Don
Carlos de Caserta, husband of the late
Infanta Mercedes, the King's elder sister
and now married again to Princess Louisa
of Savoy, sister of former Queen Amelia
of PortugaL According to the Nueva
Espana. a radical and anti-clerical paper
of Madrid. Donna Eulalia la Jealous of
Don Carlos' Influence over Alfonso.
In a tradition-bound court as that ot
Spain, Eulalla's defense ot divorce and
disregard of most of the conventions of
society are disapproved by the strait
laced Hidalgos. Taking- all things lato
consideration and the slights insisted on
her. the Infanta, has decided to favor ber
country with her presence as little as
possible, though she maintains that In
spite of Its old-fashioned ways and de
cadence, she Is and ever will be. a Span
ish woman at heart FLAXTCK.
(CbpTTliht. 111, b Ctonrt Gop Bjodkatt.)
FEED THE WILD BIRDS.
Audubon Socletr Suaet Itovr to
Show Humana Instinct.
Educr The WuMuztco Beild:
The Audubon Society of the District of
Columbia would remind your many read
ers that whenever sleighing Is good, the
birds are apt to be starving- The same
snow that offers a smooth surface to
sleigh runners covers up the feeding
grounds from which the birds draw their
dally rations, and brings a time of famine
In the avian world.
The services rendered to agriculture
and horticulture by these little Insect and
weed destroyers aro of incalculable
value, and It bohooves us. In our own
Interest, to prevent diminution of their
ranks as far as possible. But apart from
consideration of material Interest. It Is
a pleasure to the kindly disposed to save
life and avert suffering whenever oppor
tunity offers. And the method of ac
complishing this is within the easy reach
Nothing could be simpler than to dear
away a small space and place on It the
needed rood, such as grain of any kind.
raw oatmaaL bread crumbs, cracked nuts,
table scraps of all sorts, cracked corn.
celery tops, bits of lettuce, or other sim
ilar material. Fat meat securely fastened
to limbs of trees or shrubs will be a
great boon to many different kinds of
If possible. It Is well to supply fine
gravel or coarse sand necessary to birds
In digesting food. Do this and you will
be amply repaid In the Interesting assem
blage you will gather, particularly If your
home be In the suburbs. UENET OLDTS.
AID FOB MRS. DISNEY.
Hernia Reader to Send Clothes aasl
Money to Mother.
Editor The VVuMsctoi llenld:
Inclosed Is- a stamped envelope, and
in It will you please put the address t
the unfortunate woman who had to
Rive up her alder children the one In
Bennlng. I have a few warm clothes
for a child of the age of the one she
has with her. and have dona them up
in a parcel with a little money. If I
send them to her In the open mall do
you think they will "be delivered to ber?
Thanking you for the address, I am,
respectfully, E. K.
lira. 8mh DWuej. of m Assertl txet, Ben
nine. D. C. wta rtrtdjui u; rWlef rat. Ih
then letter is posted for the in&xnutioa of ether
More- Gum tor the Girls.
From the Dijloo. ,
The United Kates government having
forbidden, the use of chewing gum In the.
army and navy, there win be that much
mors of It for the matinee girls.
Not What Jt TJaed to Be.
From the Omaha Bcs,
Saint Jackson's day used to be cele
brated by Nebraska Democrats a an ex
cuse for a feast, hut "Old Hlckorr" la
evidently below par this year.
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