"J?rV ' v
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
I The Herald has the largest
Clearing to-day, probably pre
ceded by snow in early morning.
rooming- home circulation, arid
prints all the news of the world
each day, in addition to many
WASHINGTON, D. 0.. MONDAY. JANUAKY 15. 1912.
"-, $-7,J'aT' T""T
01 THE HOUSE
Three Deaths in Twenty-foni
Days Under Koof of Bra?e
TELLS UNCANNY TALE
713" I Street Has a Series of
Happenings Almost Unique.
.Owner Hot Superstitous.
Denvlng superstitious beliefs and plac
ing no credence in the supernatural.
Policeman Joseph E. Much, of the Third
precinct, & survivor of the disaster to
the battle ship Maine and possessor of
three gold medals awarded by Congress
for conspicuous bravery In the Spanish'
American war, last nleht related to a re
porter for The Washington Herald the
strange and almost uncanny story of the
death of three of his relatives In the
same house within twenty-four days.
"13" a a Hoodoo.
Di spite his declaration that he Is not
eupeislitlous. Policeman Much pointed
o t the fact that the number "13."
vaunted as a hoodoo by the superstitious
and supposed to always be accompanied
b) evil, figures twice in the death of
three of his relatives, and then, with a
note of hopelessness In his voice, he said
that the Grim Reaper seems to be hover
ing oer the bed of bis wife, who
critically ill of nervous prostration as a
consequence of the three deaths at short-
Is separated. Intervals In her family
There was an Interval of thirteen days
between the first two deaths, according
to Policeman Much, and, though he does
not ascribe the demise of his lelatives to
anv 111 luck which may hang over his
home, he called attention to the number
of the house In which all of the deaths
oicurred, 713 I street southeast. Police
man Much, while protesting thet he did
not believe the "13 in the number of
the house has any significance, declared
he Intended to move to another house
n ithin a fortnight.
Funeral Held To-day,
t uneral services for Mrs. Geneva
Thomasson, the last of the three to die,
will be held at 1 o clock this afternoon
from -713 I street. The body will be
placed In the grave of her husband. Po
liceman Marlon L. Thomasson. who died
on January - His body rests In Con
gressional Cemetery beside the grave of
his wife's slstef, Mrs. Maud Haas, whose
death occurred on December SX. Mr. and
Mrs. Thomasson and Mrs. Haas died
from different causes and were attended
by different physicians.
Ill UiUr -visited Policeman 'Much when
he first moved In the nouse five months
Bgo His daughter grew 111 and was at
the point of death for weeks. She was at
tended by tlentj-rhe specialists before
she regained her health partially The
child Is still In a frail condition, though
she la able to attend school.
Shortly after the child became III. Mrs.
Maud Haas, thirty-four years old, a sis
ter of Mrs. Much, grew seriously HI or
cancer Just before Mrs. Haas died on
December 10. her sister, Mrs. Thomasson,
became ill of typhoid fever Mrs. Thomas
son was In a critical cunaitlon when Mrs.
Haas died, but she pleaded with physi
cians to be removed- to the cemetery In
an ambulance to see tne body of Mrs.
Haas lowered to the grave.
Flshta on Christmas.
hrlstirths Day, Just five days after
Mrs Haas died. Policeman Thomaeaon
had a fight with three colored men
while making an arrest, and in addition
to breaking a finger. Is believed to have
Injured himself Internally While at
breakfast on New Tear's Day with Po
liceman Much. Mr Thomasson grew sud
denly III He was removed to Providence
Hospital and an operation performed.
Mr Thomasson died January 1 of a
broken blood vessel of the stomach.
Mrs. Thomasson seemed to be recover
ing until the death of her husband, but
from the time she was told she would
never see him alive again she grew
worse She was carried downstairs In
tli arms of Bollccman Much and al
lowed to gaze upon the face of the man
to whom she had been married only
elghte months Eleven dajs ter her
husband died, Mrs Thomasson succumb
ed to Internal abscesses
Mrs Haas and Mrs Thomasson were
Miss Maud and Miss Geneva Taylor.
daughters of Stafford Taylor, yardmas-
ter for the Washington Terminal Com
pany Mrs Much, before her marriage.
was Miss Edith Taj lor The deaths of
her two sisters and the husband of one
of her sisters -nere such a strain that
Mrs. Much br-"-- down and Is now un.
der the constant care of physicians.
Much Telia Story,
Policeman Much, telling of the strange
sequence of death In his household, said:
T do not believe my wife will recover
unless she will consent to take a com'
olete rest In the country until the sprlnr.
The sorrow and excitement of the last
month has sapped her vitality and left
her a nervous wreck. 1 do not Indulge In
superstitious beliefs, but I admit I am
unable to explain the unusual fact of
three deaths In one home In twenty-four
"There Is ono Inddentwhlcbr the super
stitious might regard as significant, but
Z have not attached any importance to
It. "When the body of Mrs. Haas was
being removed from the house, Mr.
Thomasson aided the pallbearers to as
sist in carrying the coffin down the steps.
His watch chain caught In a handle of
the coffin, and after the funeral he
noticed the timepiece bad stopped at 1.15
o'clock. That was In the afternoon. His
wife died about three weeks later in the
afternoon exactly at 2.15 o clock."
HEAEST WINS DT IIBEL SUIT.
Demurrer In Haskell Case Sustained
by Jndce Mnnrer, of Omaha.
Omaha. Jan. It. William "Randolph
Hearst has won first blood in the suit
for $00,000 which ex-Gov. Haskell, of
Oklahoma, filed against him on a charge
of criminal libel as the cu'growth of thj
campaign of 1908 and of -charges made by
Hearst against Haskell. In Federal
Court here Judge Munger sustained Mr.
Hearst's demurrer to Haskell's first cause
of action, which was for 1100,000. and was'
based on a speech delivered by Mr. Hearst
at Memphis on September IS, 1S0S, during
the heat of the campaign for the Presi
dency. The demurrer was on the ground
that the count did not allege facts suffi
cient to constitute a cause of -action, the
remarks charged to Mr. Hearst not being
-slanderous, even If made as charged.
QUITS AFTER CLASH
Madrid, Jan. It The Spanish cabinet!
resigned following King Alfonso s action
In granting reprieves to all of the seven
men sentenced to death tat the murder
of a magistrate and three other officials
during the strike riots In Ounera last
King Alfonso decided some time ago
to grant reprieves to six of the prisoners,
but Premier Canalejas urged him not to
interfere with the sentence of Cbato
Chuqueta, who, he urged, should be ex
ecuted as an example.
When the Barcelona radicals declared
they would call a strike If Chuqueta was
executed, Canalejas admitted that he bad
made a blunder, and advised the King
to grant the reprieve. The King granted
the reprieve, and Canalejas handed In his
TO ASK DIVORCE
St. Louis, Mo., Jan. It Mme. Schumann-Heinle,
the noted opera singer.
known In private life as Mrs. 'William
Rapp, wife of a former Chicago news
paper man. Is preparing to sue for di
vorce Mme. Schumann-Helnk and her
husband, who is twelve years her Junior.
have been separated some time, but up
to to-night there has been no state
ment of an Intended divorce. The great
contralto to-night admitted the separa
tion and said the divorce petition would
be filed soon. The marriage of the
singer, who has eight children, tc
man twelve years her Junior and one
not In the professional world, has not
proved a happy one.
IN TUNNEL CLASH
Passengers on Chesapeake and
Ohio Train in a
Panic reigned among scores of passen
gers on Chesapeake and Ohio train :
305 jesterday afternoon when the two
engines drawing the coaches collided
with a Southern engine In the tunnel
under Union Station, badly damaging the
engines, blocking north and south bound
traffic for more than an hour, and creating-
excitement amongrallroad officials.
fo one was Injured, passengers soon
were calmed by the train crew, and in
short time the coaches were drawn
from the tunnel by a sniffing engine,
while a wrecking crew righted the dam
aged engines and later cleared tl track
so that trains already late because of the
abnormal weather conditions were al
lowed to pass.
The Chesapeake and Ohio train, con
sisting of four sleepers and three coaches
and drawn by two engines, left the sta
tion at 4 o clock. A Southern engine was
backing out of the tunnel, and because
of the smoke and fog It Is believed the
engineer passed a "red."
As the Southern engine was passing
over a switch about ISO yards, from the
mouth of the tunnel the two engines on
the Chesapeake and Ohio train collided
with It. the -locomotlv es scraping against
each other with a terrific noise and
"locking." coming to a sudden standstill.
but remaining on the tracks. In the con
fusion which followed the tram crew
experienced difficulty In controlling the
passengers, some of whom wanted to
break windows and Jump from the cars
RACE WITH DEATH
race between death and the ambu
lance of Casualtj Hospital ended In vic
tory for the former last night before the
course had been half completed, when
eight! -one-) car-old Hiram Harrover. a
policeman In the early dais of Washing
ton, expired In the vehicle after leaving
his home. K8 Thirteenth street north
east. Had it been possible to get the
aged man to the hospital, where stimu
lants could have been administered, life
probably would have been prolonged
Harrover sufferea a fainting spell early
yesterday evening Medicine administered
to him "by relatives, stimulants that had
always proven their worth In resusci
tating him In previous spells, proved of
no avalL The elgl t -one years had told
on the old man and he gradually grew
weaker. Then It was decided to send
him to the hospital.
"I'm getting old, and It's near my
time, doctor," the aged patient told Dr.
Teaser, who bundled a blanket about
him. In the ambulance. The physician did
not answer him. "Hurry the horse'" he
called to the driver, as he felt the old
man's pulse. The ambulance horse had
struck out with full speed over the snow
covered ground for nearly two blocks,
when the driver heard the doctor say the
race was over. Coroner Nevltt gave a
certificate of death from old age, super
Induced by heart trouble.
Timely arrival of aid probably saved
Theodore Nix, thirty-five years old, of
si K. street northwest, from freezing to
death last night, when, unconscious from
the fumes or gasoline, he dropped to the
noor or a staoie in the rear-C sou sixth
street northwest, where he keeps tils
automobile. Policeman TVatts, of the
fifth precinct, who lives near the
garage used by Nix, round tre automo
blllat lying prostrate on the floor of the
stable shortly after S30 o'clock. Kurorts
to arouse the man -proved futile,
'The Casualty Hospital ambulance was
summoned and Nix was removed to that
Institution, There he gradually recov
ered his senses after receiving treatment.
and. according to the physicians who
-..-..I. 1.1m will ,m.....l...l.. T
from the effects of his experience it jna
sequent developments prove that- he mt
not suffer too greatly from the axpoama
and cold. Nix, accordlnr to the -
he told the doctors, was repairing a pteoe
or mecnanism on nis auiomooilc When be
suddenly grew faint 'from the fame of
the gasoline In the tank of the machine
nnd dropped unconscious before ha could
summon help. ,
Cheerful Prediction Comes
from Weather Factory
Ron by Uncle Sam.
COLD AND STILL -MORE
Lowest Temperature Thus Tar Ee
corded in History of Washing
ton Is Forecast for To-day.
Temperatures at Weather Bureau.
1 a, su 6 below
3 a, n. P below
3 a, zo 11 below
4 a, m.. 13 below
(I a, m. 13 belew
6 a, m 13 belew
7 au nu. 12 below
8 a, m It below
0 a. so. B below
10 a. m 3 above
11 a. nit 6 above
13 m 9 above
I p. m 10 above
3 p. ok. IS above
3 p. bl. 18 above
4 p. m SO above
5 p, m., IB above
6 p. nu. 19 above
7 p. m. 18 above
A p, m.. 17 above
O p. nu 10 above
10 p. m IS above
11 p, m IS above
13 p. nu, IS above
To-day ulll witness the lowest tem
perature In the history of Washington, If
the expectations of the forecast experts
at the Weather Bureau materialize.
Yesterday was the coldest day in Wash
ington in thirteen years, the mercury
dropping with unprecedented rapidity In
this city to a minimum of U degree be
W zero. Despite this remarkably low
mark, tne forecasters In a late bulletin
last night predicted that to-day will be
colder than yesterday.
To-morrow, the forecast continues In
the unsentimental language of a govern
ment report, will be colder than to-day,
but the prognostleators hesitate to esti
mate to Just what depth the mercury will
Get Spirit Tabes.
Suffice to say that if the prediction Is
accurate, few thermometers In Washing
ton will record the minimum, "Is with few
exceptions all mercury tubes hereabouts
were not manufactured for the purpose
of recording arctic temperatures.
That big drop, the attainment of the
lowest mark In the history of the city.
Is predicted to arrive to-night, when a
slump in the mercury, such as has not
been recorded since the Weather Bu
reau began Its work twenty-seven years
ago. Is expected.
Snow may mark the early morning,
followed by a clearing of the atmosphere,
the prediction relates, and to-morrow, the
coldest day of all. will be fair, Uncle
Sam's high-salaried experts declare. No
end of the cold wave has as yet been
MUlmnm, Thirteen Deare.
The minimum temperature yesterday, IS
degrees below zero, was recorded at
o'clock In the morning After that hour
the mercury climbed rapidly, until at 4
o'clock in the afternoon the maximum of
the day, at degrees above zero, was
reached. After thin the quicksilver slid
down, until at I o'clock this morning It
was 1 degrees above
Yesterday's minimum of 13 below and
maximum of SO above, compared to
minimum of 41 above and a maximum of
(5 on the same day a year ago, gives an
Idea of lust exactly how 3ld it was In
this little village yesterday. If yester
day's minimum of 13 below u to be
rivaled by a lower temperature to-day, as
predicted, the mercury must needs do
Abnormal weather conditions yesterday
caused much suffering among the poor.
So great was demand for aid that no less
a person than Corcoran Thorn, vice presi
dent of the American Security and Trust
Company and president or the Associated
Charities, visited hovels and shacks, car
rying relief to freezing, suffering, and
Plenty of Skatlnr.
Record temperatures did not deter ice-
skating enthusiasts, and hundreds of men.
women, boys, and girls visited the nat
ural Ice rinks In and about the city.
Skating was somewhat marred by the
snow, but this Impediment only slightly
reduced the throngs which took advan
tage of an opportunity seldom ottered
this far south.
Probably the lowest official tempera
ture ever recorded in the instnct was
reached at the Zoological Park yester
day morning shortly before t o'clock,
when the top of the mercury was level
with the line Indicating 3 degrees be
low zero. In February. 1SS9, during the
blizzard. official registers at the
Weather Bureau marked down 15 de-
rrnr below zero, the lowest tempera
ture recorded at the bureau since rec
ords have been kept there.
Twenty-live Below at llarrlsonbnrs;.
Harrlsonburzg, Vs., Jan. It The gov
ernment thermometer at 1 o'clock this
morning stood at S degrees below zero,
the lowest on record In this part of the
valley. ,Half a dozen ranges exploded
In the community and several persons
had narrow-, escapes. The range at the
home of Rev. J. J. Jackson, the Episcopal
rector, was shattered; Walter Pence's
kitchen apparatus was blown through a
window, and several other homes are
flooded with water from lesser blow-ups.
G00D-BY, MINCE PJE!
Cambridge, Mass, Jan. 14.
Mince pie Is tottering on Its last
legs In the land of Its birth. New
England. WeUesley College, re
cently barred the pastry, except
on Thanksgiving and Christmas;
Simmons College now allows It
to appear bnt once a year, and
an edict has just gone forth from
the faculty of Mount Holyoke
banishing the ancient dessert
MM t. Jlnln feallM fArAVftr. T!A
ceneral charges against mince HH Close agamsi mo i a", r """
general cnargea "J""" JrJ"' $ raised as though supplicating help, and
pie are that It la hard to digest, -f 1 "eu ""L v . flames, havlnjr
Is bad for the Complexion, and
has -a tendencyto make the ltu
Driven Oat by Fire
Baltimore. Jan. It. A fire that started
In the cellar of the Hotel Theodore early
to-day drove scores of guests, clad In
the flimsiest garments, to tne snow-covered
streets. Two alarms were turned
In and the firemen succeeded In rescuing
those pinned in tie winaows ny the
dense smoke and in extinguishing the
blaze without injury to the,gUesU and
with UWe-. draace to tjw aU&sv
SIX ARE KILLED
AT GRADE GROSSING
Party on Way to Church in Early
Morning Is Hit by a Pennsyl
Philadelphia, Jan. 14. Five women and
one man, all servants In the homes of the
wealthy BIddle and Masaey families,
were killed to-day when the carriage In
which they were riding to church was
struck by a Chicago to New York tiler,
on the Pennsylvania, at the Linden ave
nue grade crossing at Torresdale, twelve
miles from this city
MAST BODDT. traty jwrs old.
NELLIE O'CONNOR. ttlortMB.
BRIDGET iULLOCK. forty-tvo.
aovxs OEBftrrr. tratr-oo.
BOSB OALLAOUKK. rlsfctfen.
CUABLE3 DAV ISON. twrotr. .
Davison, acoachman for tbettlddles,
was taking- the women to St. DomInlcks
Church, at Holmesburg. to attend early
mass. They reached the Linden avenue
crossing at 7:3) o'clock. Davison wait
ed for a freight train to pass, and then
started the horses across the track be
hind the last car.
The next moment the pilot of the loco
motive of the onrusblng express hit the
carriage squarely, tossing It high In the
air and throwing Its occupants ahead on
the track. The women landed fn a
heap, and before the train was brought
to a stop all but the the last car had
passed over their bodies, mangling them
horribly. Davison, who was sitting on
the front seat, was killed Instantly by the
Impact and hurled to one side of the'
The accl'dent caused a seml-panlc among
the passengers on the express. Several
women fainted and others went In hys
terics, and the services of two physicians
were required The engineer and fireman
were the first to reach the six bodies, and
summoning the other members of the
crew they placed them aboard the bag
gage car and took them to Tachny sta
tion. The carriage was found stuck to
the cowcatcher of the engine. The horse
The coroner and the county officials
began an" Investigation to-night of the al
legation that there was no watchman at
the crossing. The gates were up wnue
the frelghttraln was passing, and Davi
son had no warning tnat a train was
coming on the other track, it was still
too dark to see distinctly, and the noise
of the oncoming train was drowned by
the rumble of the aeparong ireigni.
TWO MORE BODIES
FOUND AMD RUINS
New York. Jan. 14. The bodies of two
more fire victims were discovered In to
day's search among, the ice-covered ruins
of the Equitable Life Assurance Society's
building The bodies were those of Will
iam Campion and Frank- Nleder, watch
men for the Mercantile Trust uompanv
Camnlon'a "body was uncovered after
the firemen. In constant danger irom
toppling debris, had cut through over
thirty feet of ice. The body was press.
been enveloped In ice omb "o are
r-hH ih Mercantile vaultst Nleder's
body la abut fifty feet from the body of
Campion, but the inierreu."B ; o
masonry -made Its removal Impossible
An expert admitted to the vaults of
the Equitable Life Assurance Society,
which contain rSWOM" t securities,
pronounced tlum to be unharmed. No
attempt will be made to open these stronr
rooms, however. uotlF they are thorough
ly cooled. -"r
Florida Superior ervlce A'" "
Coast Line" "N. Y. & Florida flpedal"
leaves t3S v. TO. ltd. trato dally.
Superior; roswa 1B9 Neat Ate, rw.
STILL PROWLING AROUND.
ODT FOR SENATE
Candidacy of Mrs. Sarah Piatt
Decker Announced in Capital
Think Chance Is Good.
Mrs. Sarah Platt-Deoker. of Denver, is
a candidate for United States Senator
from Colorado. Official news of her boom
reached Washington yesterday, accord
ing to her friends who are now in the
Capital In the Interest cf her candidacy
A campaign will be started to educate
the people of Colorado to the importance
of sending to the benato a woman of
acknowledged high ability and pure mo
Under the operation of the primary law
In Colorado It will be possible to place
ura. uecxers name on the official ballot
for the general election of 1312 without
looking to party bosses to give her their
indorsement- She can stand either as the
choice of the women for the highest of
fice within the giving of the people of
the State or as a party candidate.
The Democratlo party is spilt over the
question of a successor to Charles J.
Hughes. So hopeless Is the breach that
the time has passed for any "get to
gether" movement to be effective. The
unexpired term of Senator Hugnes will De
filled by some one who Is the second
choice of the people. The real contest
will be for the long term, succeeding
The primary law will." be operative In
the next campaign, and every man and
woman on the registration list In every
town and hamlet In the State will have
a chance to express a choice.
Senator Simon Guggenheim has an
nounced that his public life will end with
the expiration of his term In March.
1313. The Republicans are divided no less
than the Democrats. Therefore, Mrs.
Decker's friends ty her chances are
more than good.
Chicago, Jan. It With forty members
of the crew of fifty suffering from froz
en noses, ears, and fingers, the steam
ship Indiana, of the Goodrich Transpor
tation Company, docked to-night at 7
o'clock, after 'being frozen four days In
Hake Michigan, three miles off Edge
water. The nine passengers declare that
they did not expect to reach port alive
and told, a story of suffering rivaling
the suffering endured In the arctic re
.TO BE BACK HOME
tVllkeibarre, Jan. it 'Tm back and
I'm broke, "but Ive had. my filng and
I'm satisfied. Take It from me, there's
nothing to this high, living. I hope my
taste for prunes Isn't forever spoiled."
John Jav MrTJ lit. .nllllnnnlr onrf
high roller for a day. Is 'plain McDevitt
again. He Is back In Wllkesbarre much
wiser and much poorer,. The man from
Wllkesbarre who went over to New York
on a -special train last Friday to spend
his money In ascertaining the sensations
attending the day as a millionaire re
turned to-day. He traveled to New Tork
in a Pullman and waa accompanied by
several newspaper men, his valet, and his
Physician. AU were dismissed Immediately
upon arrival" here to-day. McDevitt
reached In bis pocket and dug up rLta.
"Here, porter." ie aald as he left the
train, "this Is the last cent I have, but
I am back to earth again and, home In
the good old town, and I'm glad to be
Te "Vest Poctcc Essay" Will He
Fom . Jaxe Three To-fsiys. J
WU1 Hare Fully 100 Seats in Next
Beichstag Is the Present
Berlin. Jan. It Complete returns of the
general elections, together with the pros
pects for additional victories In the re-
ballottlng. make It almost certain that
the Socialists will have, more than 100
seats In the next Reichstag, thevnumber
which they predicted they would win
during the campaign
The Socialists won sixty-four seats, and
It la conceded that they will capture that
many In the reballottlng. Herr Lleb
knecht. the most radical Socialist In
German), stands an excellent chance of
being elected to represent Potsdam, the
Emperor's summer residence town. The
Socialist gains were the heaviest In the
The result of the election was a great
disappointment to the Emperor, who had
expressed his confidence on the eve of
the ballottlng that the people would give
nun a Reichstag that would enable him
to carry out In detail his plans for In
creasing the armaments According to
the London Dally Express correspondent,
he expressed himself bitterly while'lunch
Ing with the American Ambassador. John
G A. Irishman.
The great Socialist victory was won al
most entirely at the expense of the lib
erals, who are already active in bargain
ing with the other parties to keep the
Socialist gains as low as possible on the
reballottlng AH the Liberal and Liberal
National papers are calling upon the
party leaders to unite with the blue
black block In the next Reichstag against
tho red forces.
ON THE DON'T LIST
Chicago, IIL, Jan. It City nurses who
took charge of the "Little Mothers'"
classes In thirty-two public schools In
Chicago have just decreed that the
"Rock-a-bye stuff" must be barred In
the care of Infants
"Even If a baby does gurgle with de
light, don't excite It." said the nurses In
a uniform lecture all over the city.
Don't throw baby over the shoulder
like a sack of flour
"Don't lav baby face downward acmas
vouV knees and beat a drum call on Its
"Don't rock baby to sleep af night."
Playing with their toes was recom
mended as healthy sport for the young
sters. Washable dolls were used In nearly all
the .schools in demonstration In dressing
and bathing, but in one school a real
live baby was obtained from a nursery.
A thief with a lust for diamonds and
an apparent 'disgust for 'other gems and
valuables entered t he residence of Miss
Mary drier, at tX Seventeenth street
northwest, yesterday and robbed a Jewel
box In a third-floor "room of S0 worth
of her favorite gems. The thief obtained
rne solitaire diamond ring, valued at
JliO, a ting containing- .several smaller
diamonds, valued at H60. and a number
of less valuable little' brothers and sis
ters of the "Hope" gem.
Detectives Emorey and Messer were
assigned, to the case., and on Investiga
tion were puzzled at the neglect ot the
robber to nppropiiate other valuable Jew
elry and slUerware. No clew to the
Identity of the thief could be obtained by
the detectives, but renewed effort to run
few th robber win b. $34 tp-6yt
Would Haye the Government)
Takeover All Wirelines
of the Country.
TAFT NOT IN ACC0J
Postmaster General Springs Baring
Scheme Which Proves Surprise
to Official Washington,
Postmaster General Hitchcock an
nonneed last night that he will reoom
mend to Congress that the goveramenS
acquire all telegraph lines of the country
to be operated by the PosKfflce Depart
men. He has dug up a statute enacted
by Congress forty years ago. under
which, he contends, the government ean
take over the wire serylcoof the country
and conduct It as an adjunct of the Post
office Department. It Is estimated, unoffl
daily, that this gigantic nndertaktnat
would cost Uncle Earn about StCO.000.000. f
Surprise to Waablnarton.
To say that the Postmaster GeneraTa
announcement was a surprise to official
Washington 's putting It mildly. The
most Interesting thing about It. though.
Is that It apparently was a great surprise
slso to President Taft. The White
House was Informed early In the evenlnar
ot the statement that the Postmaster
General had Issued, but up to a lata
hour last night there had been no offi
cial Intimation that the President had
authorized his Postmaster General to
make such a recommendation. Clrcura
stances pointed to the fact that the
White House was considerably concerned
over the statement which Mr. mtoheock
had put out.
Recently reports have- been circulated
from sources that cannot be Ignored that
the President and his Postmaster General
are not In as close accord, especially oa
politics, as they once were. On at least
one occasion recently, Mr. Hltfhcock
was accused of taking a stand against
the wishes of the President. This waa
at the meeting ot the Republican National
Committee, when the Postmaster Gen
eral was charged with supporting South
ern Republicans in their opposition to
the naming of Harry New as the chair
man of the committee on arrangements.
lliy Be EnibarraastoaT.
If Mr. Hitchcock's statement In regard
to the government ownership of tele
graph companies has been Issued, a
seemed likely last night, without! the in
dorsement of the President.' It may lead
to a further embarrassment. The first
thing that members of Congress wantsd
to know last night when they heard at
Mr. Hitchcock's statement, waa whether
President Taft was advocating govern
ment ownership. These men will ton-'
dlately turn to the President, and he will
be obliged to make his views known on
Mr. Hitchcock says In his statement
that the Poit-offlee Department has fa
cilities for doing a wire business, and
that it would. In his opinion, cheapen
the cost to the public of telegrapbla servo
Under the law to which Mr Hitchcock,
refers. Post-office Department officials ap-
WABTS UHCLE SAM TO ETJH
AIL TELEGRAPH LOTE9
FRANK If. HITCHCOCK.
parently believe the only legislation njo
essary In order for the government to
take over the telegraph tines would be
an authorization for an Issuance of bonds.
Besides Involving an amount almost as
much or more than the Panama Canal
will cost when completed, the taking
over of the telegraph lines ot the coun
try, with their thousands of employes,
would mean the establishment ot an
other huge political machine.
What Il'trheoek Says.
The Postmaster General's, statement, in
part, folio s:
'Among the recommendations Pott-
master General Hitchcock 'will submit to
Congress during the present session la
one that the telegraph lines be acquired
by the government and operated- as a
part of the postal service. He believes
.that such .a consolidation would result la
Important economies arid permit the
adoption of lower telegraph rates. Post-
offices are maintained In-numerous places
not reached by the telegraph systems,
and the proposed consolidation would
therefore afford a favorable opportunity
for the wide extension of telegraph fa
In many small towns where the tele
graph companies have offices the tele
sranh and mall business could be readily
handled by the. same employes. The Sep-.
arate maintenance of the two service'
under present conditions results In a
needless expense. As a matter of fact,
the first telegraph. In the United States
was operated from 1M4 to 1ST by the
government under authority from Con
gress, and It is most desirable that the
government control be resumed.
Method la Prescribed.
"A method has been already prescribed!
for the taking over of the telegraph line
by section fSSi of the Revised Statutes,
which provides-that the government may.
for postal, military or other purpose)
Continued oa Pa -4r flovfcna'-a.-Jk
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