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THE! WASHINGTON HERALD
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WASHINGTON, D. 0.. FRIDAX MABCH -8, 1912.-TWELTE PAGES.
iCHave A ttained Pole"
Scott Is Also There
SUICIDE SHOCKS BUSINESS MEN.
BROAD SCOPE OF
French and British Pacts So
AT BIG MEETING
Will Not Fight Other Demo
cratic Candidates to Far
ther Own Interests.
IN HIS OFFICE
Prominent Realty Broker, in
Financial Straits, Shtots
Self Through Head.
EXPIRES IN HOSPITAL
Business Associates Say So Made-
Threat to End His life
Firing a shot from a . oaliber re
volt er Into his left temple. J. Louis
M mice, president or the J. Louis Wlllige
Compan), a prominent real estate opera
tor, committed suicide in his office, 605
Thirteenth street northwest, at 3 o'clock
yesterday afternoon. Financial worries
and ill-health are given as the cause of
It Is stated that Mr. Wlllige had been
contemplating suicide for several months,
borne time ago he suffered a nervous
breakdown and never entirely recovered.
the recent wet weather causing an at
tack of grip and Intensifying his nervous
trouble. About a month, ago In a fit of
depression he stated before several of
his assistants that "unless i reel Better
pretty soon. I'll end it all." His asser
tion was not taken seriously, however.
He was lfi particularly good spirits yes
terday, reaching his office about 10 o'clock
and giving a cheerful greeting to his
clerks Ho went out to lunch about 1
o clock, and returned at 2 15, carrying
under his arm a box, which later proved
to contain the revolt er with which he
Investigations made b) the police show
that the reolver with which Sir. Wlllige
ended his life was purchased by him at
a store several squares from his place
of business. The weapon was new. At
the time he purchased it he also bought
two boxes of cartridges of fifty each.
It is supposed he bought such a large
supplj of ammunition In order to dispel
any suspicion on the part of the clerk
who waited on him that he contemplated
using it to end his life.
Clerks Hear Shot.
At about 2.30 o'clock he went to a rear
room in his office, which was a combf
natlon stationery room an.! lavatory,
and standing before a mirror, placed "the
revolver to his left temple and blew out
his brains. The shot was heard In the
outer office, and several clerks rushed to
outer oince. and several clerks rushed to
the door of the rear room. They- found
't locked. The door was broken down by
. B Edelln. who found Mr. "Wlllige
leaning against the wall with blood pour
ing from a wound in his temple Ills
eveglasses had been placed on a shelf
iu the loom, and the box from which
the reolver had been taken was beside
call was -sent to the Emergency Hos
pital, and the ambulance, in charge of
P-. James Krbj, responded A quick
run was made to the hospital, but the
surgeons found Mr 'Wlllige In such a
precarious condition that it was Impos
sible to operate The bullet had lodged
n'fffs brain He died at 3 10 o clock.
RHve o Previous Intimation.
Mr Wlllige had ghen no Intimation
esterday ot his intended act. Before
1-umh he had a conferencewlth E. II.
Diniel. his former partner, and Mr.
Lanlel states that he was In excellent
cp'nts at that time He left no note of
explanation his pockets being empty ex
cept for his wallet containing 116. some
bLMness papers, a card case, a handsome
roid open-face watch, with a signet fob,
bunch of keys, and a fountain pen He
was dressed in a blue serge suit and
vmlte shirt, with gold link cuff button",
un I signet tie pin He was fully dressed
when he shot himself
Besides being In a poor physical lcon
tlitlon. business worries are alleged to
have led Mr 'Wlllige to contemplate sul
ci Jo He was formerly senior partner
of the firm of Wlllige. Glbbs & Daniel,
but dissolved partnership with E. IL
Daniel on September 7 Several months
later the firm of J Louis 1 illlge Compan)
n as established w lth Mr. V. illlge president,
t Edward Crump, first vice president;
William A. roster, second -vice president:
i 11am Clay Holmes, secretary, and
William P alcrbst, treasurer. Mr. Wil
Iigt later bought the Interest of Mr
i romp In -the business, and nad been
tonuuctlng It personally for some time.
Wife Ik Prostrated.
Owing to the prolonged spell of cold
weather the realty market has not been
lerj active for some time, and this Is
t iderstood to have worried Mr. Wlllige.
He was troubled with Insomnia and his
jppetlte was poor, owing to the nervous
breakdown he sustained last Jul)
Mr W illlge resided with his wife, for-
m-rb Miss Lillian Dunkhorst, of this city,
at 1901 Park road. The couple had no
hlldren Jin Wlllige was prostrated
bj news of his death, her husband ba
Ing been in particularly good spirits be
fore leaving lome.
Mr W Illlge was a native of Washlng
on. and was thirty-eight years old. He
was educated In the public schools and
t several private schools In this city,
and kas a graduate of the George Wasb-
Contlnned on rage S, Column 4.
KNOX ARMED GUARD
San Juan, Seldur, JJlcaraugua, March
'Secretary of State Knox and party
left during the morning for Corlnto, his
peclal train being preceded by a pilot
engine The government has furnished
n armed guard for the Secretary as
ong as he shall continue In this coun
tr). The Secretary has decided to eliminate
ai visit to the city of Granada.
Corlnto, Nicaragua. March 7 Secre
ary Knox received an enthusiastic wel
ome upon his arrival here late this af
crnoon. The Secretary was greeted by a
eccptlon committee who escorted him to
hr palace where he was received by
"resident Adolfo Dlax and members of
Jic cabinet. The President presented Mr.
Knox with a gold medallion, commemora
tive of the visit. After the exchange ot
felicitations, the party sailed for Araa
pala. f IJSS to Baltimore and 'Return.
catm-davs and 6undas. via Pennsylvania
railroad Tickets good returning until 3
a m Monday. All regular train except
the Congressional United.
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Ileal estate- operator,
Charge d'Affaires, in Official
Statement, Advises Secre
tary Not to Visit.
I . ,- . i V
, The ,Colombuln-.CQ.vrxnnjent Juut night
Issued a statement in which the) say In
effect that they do not want Secretary
of State Knox to visit them on Ills Cen
tral and South American tour. Thus
the republic of Colombia, while It re
cently recalled Senor Osplna, Its Min
ister In Washington, has in spirit ap
proved the action which he took In. writ
ing a letter to Acting Secretary of State
Wilson, suggesting that a visit of Secre-
tare Knox to Colombia at this time
would be most Inopportune
Last night's deelopment In this ex
traordinary situation came In the form
of a statement given out by Senor don
Roberto MacDouall, charge d'affaires of
the Colombian Legation in Washington.
Here Is his statement
The charge d affaires of Colombia
said to-night that he was authorized by
his government to s'ate that Secretary
Knox has not been invited to visit Co
Incident Supposedly Closed.
This statement is all the more remark
able In that It vvas given out apparently
without solicitation of anj sort. Offi
cials of the United States government,
and nearl) ever) body ele in Washlns
ton. had almost forgotten the Osplna in
cident, and bad supposed that it was a
The action of the Colombian charge
d affaires, howev er, takn, as he plainly
sais. upon the authority of his govern
ment, reopens the incident, and In a
much more aggravated form The-e was
nothing in the letter which Senor Osplna,
the Colombian Minister, sent to cting
Secretarj of State WIlon that showed
that his government approved of his ac
On the other band, everything indi
cated that Columbia disapproved, for
several da)s after the Osplna letter was
made public the Colombian government
recalled him. Many pvsons In Washing
ton, however, lind maintained that the
Colombian government had knowledge of
Osplna's letter before It was sent to the
State Department, and that Osplno had
an understanding with his government
b which he was to sacrifice his post In
Washington for the purpose of -drawing
the attention of the public to Colombia's
claims against the united States in an
Diplomat Innes Statement
Senor MacDouall a explanation accom
panying his formal statement gives evi
dence of the bitterness his nation feels
" I am now In receipt of a reply to my
inquiry." said Senor MacDouall last even
ing "My home government states flatly
that no such Invitation was-every volun
tarily extended the Secretary of State,
"The facts are these. Secretary Knox
advised the Colombian government that
he Intended making a visit to various
Central and South American nations,
among which Colombia would be one of
the honored. Of course, my home gov
ernment replied that he would be wel
comed by the Colombian government
There was no other reply possible among
"This Is the head and front of Colom
bia's Invitation, to wit, that when
Lslecretary Knox informed the Colombian
government That ne was coming they
said what they could not do otherwise
than sa jou are welcome."
OHIO WILL FAVOR
' WOMAN SUFFRAGE
Columbus, Ohio, Mareh 7 The; consti
tutional convention, which has been in
session here for some time, to-day adopt
ed a proposal to so amend the present
constitution of Ohio, as to permit ot
w omen, participating In all elections. This
proposal will bo submitted to the malo
voters. It s expected, within the )ear.
for ratification or rejection. Seventy-six
our' of the 1C0 delegates voting on the
'.Proposition to-daj, favored It.
hlmirlf at bis office Teaterdttx-.
Gala Terpsichorean Festival
Woos and Wins Pnblic
BALL SCENE GLORIOUS
Iterances of tha 'nations neb sway
In the targe ballroom of the Kew WlUard
last eienlng for the benefit of the Na
tional Junior Republic under the direc
tion and supervision of Miss Llla Agnew
Stewart, of New York.
An audience of distinguished men and
women, all In full dress, many of them
connoisseurs, showed their appreciation
of the many beautiful acts and scenes.
ThA hallronm WR frsmifnnRnl 1ntn n
veritable theater, with an adequate
stage, lights and Keener), and boxes.
The floor was raised, and on an Incline
which made It comfortable for all the
audience to get a good lew of the
It has been Just a quarter of a century
since Washington irad a performance of
a kermess, which was one of the raot
popular of entertainments here at one
time. There are still man) who remem
ber the beautiful work In a "pas scul '
of former Miss Mar) Butlerworth, and
the prett). vivacious dancing of former
Miss Bertha Lincoln, who also gae a
number of beautiful scngs with her
dances One hundred and fifty of the
belles and beaux of Washington soclet),
debutantes, near-debutante, and debu
tantes of several )ears ago all figured in
Gaylr Kovrnrd Girls
Flower and candy booths were arranged
at the northern end of the ballroom and
gayly gowned flower girls, candy and
cigarette venders roamed through the
audience selling their ware, and inci
dentally votes for the best dance The
lights were well arranged, and the Davis
Orchestra did splendid work with the
music, to wnlch was due much of the
success of the different dance"
Great versatllit) was required and the
pentaneit) and vigor of the music was
Infectious The programme opened with
n grand ceremony and procession, fol
lowed by the crowning of the King. Mr.
J Low Harrlman, of New lork. one of
ashlngton s winter colon) Tho Irish
harvest dance and reel, pictureque and
pretl) ;to a degree, followed. Miss Ruth
Pilling and Mr. Lewis did a quaint and
clever dance. "Donn) brook Fair," Miss
Ma) Flack did an "Irish lilt," which
brought forth storms ot applause, and
George O Connor sang two of his clev-
ere"t songs, 'My Irish Sweetheart." ahd
'Molly Shannon." which, as usual, re
sulted In many recalls. The gay costumes
or tne irisn dancers were vers effective.
the hats ot the men especially being
Quaker Dance Ins.
The Quaker dance was delightful, the
somber garb standing out effectively In
contrast to tho green of the Irish and
the bright red and green of the Russian,
which followed It. This was a most
stately and graceful act. and Miss
Wheaton and Mr. A. B Gait did a grace
ful duet the "William Penn Gavotte"
The vigorous and live!) Russian danc
made a well deserv ed hit. and Miss Zane,
Mr. Quintan, and Miss V. Griffith gave
trio oanco "Hungarian miss Zane.
Miss rietcher. Mr Singleton, and Mr.
Wackier did the "Vlolette" polka with
much grace and skill Miss Helen Grif
fith vras one of the cleverest and most
graceful dancers of the evening Jn the
Russian court dance.
'Les Fleurs de Paris." a clever sketch
given b) four members ot the Paint and
Powder Club, ot Baltimore, was en
thus'astlcally received, and Mr Patter
son Pendleton. Mr. Andrew Held. Mr.
II) land Kuhns. and Mr. Read Beard
quite covered "themselves with glory.
immediate!) atter the Paint and Pow
der Club made their acknowledgments.
Miss Ruth Parker and her brother ap
peared in one ot the cleverest acts eer
oone by amateurs It was a duet dance.
rantastic Rag." In which thev were
simultaneous In their unique and original
movements, and might hav c put to shame
Continued ou l'acr 4, Column t.
Oae Mshl Out to Palm Beach, Daytona,
Ormond, St. Augustine, 01 er r hours
quicken to- Miami X. Havana, "Florida
J-nedal. Atlantk' Coast Line All-steel,
lectric-licnted Pullmans. 1119 N. Y- av.-
Amended as to J3a Worth
less to-Taft Plan.
VITAL CLAUSE REMOVED
Paragraph Creating Joint High
Commission Voted Out Blow
Presldent Taft's programmo for gen
eral arbitration treaties with Great Brit
ain and France and for the promotion
of world-wide peace was killed by the
Senata yesterday. jBy a vote of C to
40, the Senate eliminated from the pend
ing treatlrs'wlth France and England the
vital paragraph relating to the Joint
high commission, and otherwise cur
Advisers of the administration ac
knowledged last night that the treaties
are dead, and that they probably will
never bo submitted In their present form
to 1 ranee and England for ratification.
Not only this, but negotiations that were
alreadv under way for similar treaties
with Germany, Switzerland, Japan, and
twsslblv one or two other countries are
ended as the result of yesterday's action
b) the Senate. President Tafts arbitra
tion plans have. In fact, met with defeat,
and the Senat lias sustained the views
advanced by Thecdorc Ilooscvelt on this
Drmnrrnts Lead I'IbM.
On the Democrats will fall the chief re
sponsibility for having defeated the arbi
tration programme With tho exception
of three i-enators the Democrats voted
solidly for the elimination of the Joint
high commission paragraph. They were.
however, supported by several Roose
The vote ot Senator Dixon, of Montana,
Roosevelt's political manager, was alone
sufficient to turn the tables against Pres
ident Tafti Up to the time of his vllt
to New York, Senator Dixon's vote was
counted as against the elimination of
the Joint commission clause, but he
turned jesterda) afternoon. If he had
voted against the Joint commission
amendment It would have been lost by a
Likewise. President ,Tft can attribute
his dfeat 4o StfRator-Xxrlver of Illi
nois, who Joined with the Democrats In
voting against this vital clause of thp
treaties Besides Lorlmer, Senator
Smith, of Michigan, was the only sup
posed Taft supporter who Joined with
tho opponents of the treaties as drawn
b the administration
There was great rejoicing among the
Roosevelt supporters as soon as the vote
on the Important Joint commission
cmendment became known, and benator
j Dixon hurriedly sent a telegram tn-
forming the colonel that the "senate by
Its vote had absolutely "ustalned the
Rooevelt view of the treaties.
The complete overthrow of the admin
istration forces was enllrel) unexpected.
President Taft having been assured
short!) before the voting began that the
section of the treaties which he regarded
as vital would not be eliminated.
The treaties in their amended form
were finallj passed b) the Senate with
only three dissenting otes Martlne. of
New Jerse). and Uecd. of Missouri. Dem
ocrats, and Lorlmer. of Illinois., a Repub
lican The clause eliminated by the &enatc
Is the on that has stirred up all of the
controver") In regard to the treaties
Kansas CIt), Mirch 7 In the first pref
erential Presidential primaries In the
United State, the Republicans of the
Fifth Misourl Congressional district to
day Indorsed Theodore Roosevelt for the
Republican nomination, b) a ratio ot
13 to t
Commenting on the result of the Prcs
IdenUal prlmarv election held In tho
Fifth Missouri district jesterda), which
Includes Kansas ctt), Senator Dixon,
manager of the Roosevelt campaign, said
last night "I am not excited when I
say that the result In the Fifth Mis
souri district Is the story of tno real
sentiment of Republicans the rounto
over. It 1 another demonstration that
the Republicans who will have to elect
a Republican' President. If one Is elected,
are not going to submit to the nomina
tion at the point of a bayonet of a can
didate certain to be defeated "
Tnft Mannnerx Reply.
The Taft national bureau also Issued
a statement regarding the election, as
serting that the primaries "acclaimed as
a "Victory for the supporters of Col
Roosevelt" were Illegal, and that the
Taft. La Follette, and CunTmlni men
did not go to the polls
The point Is also made that "the city
committee placed a prohibitive assess
ment of ILW) against delegates, which
all save the so-called Roosevelt delegates
declined Jo pay because the mone) was
to be turned over to the city committee,
and would be ued by it against the in
terests of the delegates making the de
posits 'and in tho Interest of the so
called Roosevelt delegates."
The Taft bureau s statement asserted
that the election would be contested be
fore the Republican National Committee
At Chicago This announcement Illus
trates the Importance which the admin
istration attaches to the control of the
The figures of the election show that
slightly over 5.000 votes were cast-- Tho
Republican v ote In the last Corgressknial
election was 3,9Si
Uit Itatr to Lalrorula
Mai Atlantic Coast Line. Marrh inih
Round Ulp to Tampn. St. Petersburg,
vid Fort Slrctn 15.10, ?u Augutlnc
K1T0, Palm Reach. tSLSS, limit. j days
Correspondingly low rates to other
boutbern points. Office. 1U3 N. V. ava.
PAY HONOR TO SPEAKER
Convention Hall Scene of Greatest
Personal Ovation Ever Held
Emphasizing the fact that It Is not the
Intention of the Clark boomers, or of
Speaker Clark himself", to rurther his In
terests by making a light on the other
Democratic candidates for the Preil
dency, the- principal speakers at the
huge mass meeting held at Convention
Hall last night as an Initial step In the
fight to secure delegates Instructed for
Champ Clark from the District to the
Baltimore convention, laid particular
stress on the friendliness ot Speaker
Clark to the other candidates
The meeting was one of the largest
affairs of its kind ever held In Wash
ington, more than 8.000 persons being
present. It was held nnder the auspices
of the United Champ Clark Clubs or
Washington, and was In the nature of a.
' birthday part)-" to the Speaker.
The enthusiasm at the meeting 'was un
limited, cheers filling the hall from the
time the brass band started playing the
Ozark ' Itoun' Dawg" song until the last
person had left the big convention rood.
No rabid partisanship was exhibited at
the meeting The spirit of the as
semblage was to Injure no man In order
to benefit Its candidate. This spirit was
voiced by Senator James R. Reed, of
Missouri, and by Speaker Clark himself.
Both declared that It Is not the desire of
the Clark boomers to strengthen their
cause by ridiculing other candidates, or
by calling attention to the deficiencies of
Hall l Cross ded.
The big hall was crowded to capacity.
The crowd Included many women, fully
one-third cf those present being of the
fair sex. Mrs. Champ Clark occupied a
seat on the stage, as did Miss Genevieve
Clark, daughter of the Speaker., and his
son. James Bennett ClarkT Many ladles
of the Congressional set occupied' stag
Songs were sunt? by a choir secured
especially for the pjrpose, and seated on
one side of the balk. These Included the
famous houn' dawg" ditty ot the
Ozarks, and a. campaign song set to the
tune of Casey Jones, which was pre
pared especially for the occasion. The
first verse and chorus were"
Cume. til joa Totm. 'eftne 70a ouzht to hey
Tb storf cf a 8peakrr vbcin vt tore so dear
Old Champ CUrk b the Speaker 1 name;
In tha Ilouae of Cocgrfv, bora, he won hij fana.
Old Chimp Claik, mounted ttt lb rostram.
via (.lump curt, sate! In Lis Eand.
Old Champ dark, mounted to the roetram.
And be cnUed letialatlon to tie. ITomlaed land.
In front ot the Speaker's table a
wreath of roses and carnations, against
a background of laureB leaves, and in
the shape of a horseshoe, was placed.
Speaker Clark was seated on the right
hand side of the stage. Next to him
were Senator Reed of MIsourl. and Rep
reentaUve Graham, of Illinois, both of
whom ma le addresses
Following the speeches more than 1.000
Lpersons mounted the stage to shake
tianus with the Speaker
Fulton R. Gordon, president of the
Champ Clark Club of the District, acted
as temporary chairman Representative
Ueorgo A Neele). of Kansas, was chair
man Mr Neeiey Is the first Democrat
to represent the Seventh Kansas district
Crovrd Cheer Clark.
Speaker Clark vvas escorted from his
home le the hall b) illlam J Dwyer,
chairman of the reception committee.
Tho crowds commenced flocking into
the hall long before 7 30. and b) the
time the Speaker arrlied fully 3.000
persons had gathered. He was given
u tremendous ovation as he walked
down the -lisle and mounted the stage.
K S o'clock there Were more than 6,000
persons in the hall, with still more
Tempo raT) Chairman Tulton called
the gathering to order at 8 15. He
spoke of the things w-hlc-. had led up
Continued ou Pane
WANTED A DIVORCE;
COST IS TOO GREAT
London, March 7. Polly Kabinakj's
husband. Abraham, took her to a rabbi
In the East End to-da) for the purpose
of securing a divorce The rabbi thought
the Job was worth J10. Abraham said
he wouldn't pay more than 17 GO. He
started to take Poll) home, but Polly
threw corrosive acid over his head, and
was taken to Jail Instead.
FLIES TO PARIS, BUT
FAILS TO FLY BACK
Paris. March 7 Henry Sahl, the
French av lator, established a new world's
record to-da bjc A) lng from London to
Issy Lea, Moullneaux, a distance of S2
miles. In two hours and flft) -seven min
utes, without stop He reached Iss) Les
Molineiux at 11 o clock and left at 2 IS
on the return trip, and came down at
Berok, 13) miles from Paris
He stated that he made the trip be
cause- he had Important business to trans-
ct I Paris and could not wait for the
Ixindon-Paris train, which was late on
account ot the coal strike He traveled
at an average height of C.000 feet and
caught only occasional glimpses of the
sea through the clouds
The -best previous record or tho flight
vat mado by Pierre Prler. who covered
the distance without stop In three hours
end twent)-slx minutes on April 1J. 1911.
11.35 to Baltimore and Rrtnra
Ilajtlmorp and Ohio.
Ever" Saturday and Sunday. Good to re
turn until 9 a- m. train Monday. All
trains both wajs. Including the Rujal
Norwegian Explorer Gives December 14-17
as Date of Discovery of Southern Ex
tremity, After Stating British
Officer Was There.
Announcement that Details of Swedish Expedi
Hon Will Be Forthcoming Immediately
Arouses Intense Interest Lieut.
London, March 8. The Daily Chronicle this morning print
the following dispatch, dated Christiania:
"The following telegram has been received from Hobart, Tasmania:
'Pole attained December 14-17, 1911. All well.'
Details of Capt. Amundsen's feat and the difficulty he had tcj
surmount are not jet to hand.
The cablegram vhich announces his triumph, which is reproduce J
in facsimile by the Chronicle, the Chronicle announces, was sent by'
the explorer's brother, Leon Amundsen, from Christiania. It alscf
announces that Capt. Amundsen's own story will be in hand to-morrow"
SHACKLETOV DISCUSSES ItEPOIlT
Sir Ernest Shackleton. In a later edlUon
of the Dslly Chronicle, writes the foUow.
lng on Amundsen's discovery;
'Analys'ng the somewhat brief cabl
to hand announcing Amundsen s
talnment of the south pole, one from
previous experience would assume that
the Journey was done with extreme rap
idity and under very favorable condi
tions as regards weather.
"Amundsen has attained the geo
graphical south pole, the long-sougbt-for
spot and finish ot record-breaking as far
the ends of the earth are concerned.
Auumlnr that the latitude of Amund
sen's vwlnter quarters were Jp-'TS.M 8,
that la only tK geographical rollts from
thesoufb pels.-- ThUplaee wsf-iamed
the uay ot wnaies oy me on my expeai
tlon and was formerly known as Balloon
"If .Amundsen did fifteen miles a day
and reached the south pole on Decern
ber 14 he would have started south
about the beginning of November, but
It Is much more likely that ho did nou
travel at that rate, especially for the
first hundred or two odd miles, so we
may assume that he started for the
pole about the beginning of October.
There is no Indication In the cable
whether Amundsen followed the route
of my expedition In reaching the moun
tains that guard the approach to the
pole. It may be possible that he found
a new route, an easier one, up to the
plateau which lies about 9,000 to 11,000
feet above tbe sea level.
He may have bad good weather, and
the words ot the cable gram "Polo at
tained December 14 to 17." evidently
means that on reacting the geograph
ical polexso that no uncertainty should
exist as to his exact position, he waited
three days, taking; noon observations,
so as to accurately determine his posi
"The advantage of taking three days'
continuous observations at the pole ore
as follows -
"Assuming that the explorer took a
noon observaUon of the altitude of the
sun and found that he was at the pole.
a degree ot uncertainty would exist be
cause of the slow movement of the sun
which completes a circle wth hardly any
perceptible rise or falL If the observa
tion Is taken for the second da) at the
same spot and the difficulty of the decli
nation of the sun In Its north or south
path corresponds with his observations
of the dav before, and it does this lor
the third day. he ma safely assume that
his position is accurate A fl)lng snap
shot Is not as reliable as & continuous
series of observations. If he were using
a theodotle. undoubtedly tha most accu
rate Instrument, there Is no douot tnat
he couM ascertain the position of the
line 10 one rauc
Conld Return In. Kortr-Ove Days.
lf Amundsen left tho pole on De
cember 17 with a fair wind behind him.
he could return to his winter quarters
In about fort) -five days.
"Wo left our furthermost south.
which was, roughly speaking, about 100
miles north of tho pole, on January 9,
and reached our winter quarters on
February:?. They were 6101 geograph
ical miles from the pole, approximately
the same length of journey that
Amundsen would have to cover from
the polo to his winter headquarters, as
they re 90 miles farther south.
TVe may then assume that If Amundsen
reached the Bay ot Whales, at the end
ot Januar. he would take two or three
da) a loading up and getting under way
with the Fram. -He would then presuma
bly go north and work to the westward
of Cape Adare and then get into westerly
winds and make Hobart. and the Fram.
bUng a slow vessel, doing about five
knots, would take quite a month, unless
strong winds were behind her, to reach
filnd. did Capt. Scott reach the pole be
fore December 117 Is so, the honor lies
with tho British flag, but the same en
durance, same skill In the same need ot
endeavor'mustbe, granted to Amundsi.1
as the Norwegian people would grant to
bcott It the position were reversed.
It would be quite possible that the
two expeditions, having reached Eeard
more Glacier, would be In touch with
each "other or would come across depots
which would indicate the advance or re
turn of either party, and It Capt. Scott
had let a party at the- foot ot the glacier;
they wouM naturally be acquainted with
Amundsen's movements, as Amundsen
would be had he left a party or a depot
In the omex position.
Star Hare? Met at role.
"There may hav a been a more dramatic
situation still- Two parties crossing the
glacier ana conversing toward the- cott
eted spot from different directions may
have met at the pole Itself. Amundsen's)
equipment, though not so large as
Scott's, has peculiar advantages when
you consider the nationality ot tha
"The Norwegians who accompanied!
Amundsen are accustomed to tha drivinc
of dogs, and are born ski runners. The
broad stretches on tbe plateau and
the level stretches on tbe barrier
surface would be excellent for ski
ing. The dogs will keep up the rapid
nace wbch ski runners are able to adopc
and this is naturally faster than the slow
plodding foot movements of the ponies.
Amundsen had 112 dogs at tbe start, all
first-claaa and welTbrSken Inland thet
numbersunay ht been susplemented by
births Dnrlnamre"'lonr I$olar nights, to
tha this team may hare oeen considerably
i Increased before he started on his dash
I for the pole.
"Capt. Scott's party In the Terra,
Nova, who found Amundsen at the Bay
of Whales described the dogs as beta?
wonderfully trained, stopping or mov
Ingjpn at the sound of a whistle.
"No matter which party reached tho
pole first, both will have done much
po unveil the mystery of the south.
and to increase'lnterest and desire for
further work In this great unknown;
Hardest Journey on Earth.
New Tork, March 7. The trip down tha
bottom side of tbe earth In search ot
th coveted rero of exploration offered
the most perilous and desperate Journey
In the world. The explored regions or
the arctic short of the pole before its
discovery by Peary, had no terrors such.
as are offered by the antarctic, and when
the story ot Scott's achievement Is told
It Is expected to relate hardships under
widely different conditions from those
encountered by Peary on his lone marsh.
to uiB norm poie.
In the first place. If Scott found lhe
south pole he almost certainly discovered
It high in the air at the top of a great Icy
plateau where the winds from au tho
seas meet and make sport at least 10,000
feet above the level of the frozen sea.
Colder Thau Aorth Pole.
It has been given to few men to attala
this plateau, and their experiences in a
cold more bitter by far than any other
encountered in the far north. In highly
rarefied air ard buffeted by diabolical
billiards and awed by weird electrical
storms, were forbidding enough to dis
courage any others were It not for the
Irresistible call ot the unknown and the
fact that the hard road led to fame.
A second condition for consideration;
in entering the circle containing- 50,
000 square miles of practically unex
plored area of the earth's surface 1st
that It Is dead country as dead and
unfit for habitation as the moon pro
tected from intrusion upon its soil-
tudes by a great barrier of Ice backed
by mountains that nature seems to
have thrown up to make Impregnable,
the secret of the fashioning of the
But because of these conditions tha
goal of tho south pole became the one
great attainment unachieved of man.
and. In spite of them the last two years
lias seen a. race for the south pole, with;
at last four nations at one time com
peting, which at the end resolved Itself.
Into an actual physical straggle be
tween the expeditions of Capt- Scott
the -head of the English explorers, and
Capt. Roald Amundsen and his hardy
company of Norwegian adventurers and,
IN WABASH WRECK
Chicago. March 7. Four persons werer
killed and sixty-five persons were In
jured when the Continental limited.
botiad from Buffalo to St. Louis, one of
the finest trains on the Wabash Railroad.
.struck a detective rail and was ditched
near west Lebanon, ind. to-nigbt. The
lira. t. O. GOOD, botnltd train at Pert "VTaToi.
lad., en route to- St. Loots: back bmten. died
Mi QUANT. n toatt ts Kansas at,; iud
PULLMAN POBTER, rime minora.
UNKNOWN TOCTH. tnoot eithtem jrtrs old.
Among the injured are:
Kd y. Back, fsfnas mau.n, Detrot
W. J. Baiusit-. trasamaa on DtSKattr trainv
L. IL Robertson, Camden. V J.
r". M. 'Sforxan. Bnxtha. N T. PoCnua cod
Fred Baker, rlmtrt. V. r
Eight cars. Including the baggage car
and diner, were overturned. The day,
coaches were crowded and the Pullmans
were well ailed when the accident ec-
0-2i5t.-.tf- -F$ ! . -t"-i