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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
The Herald, has 'tie largest
morning boat drcakttieSr and
prints all the news .of tie world,
each day, in addition to many
Rain br snow to-day; to-morrow,
fair and colder.
WASHINGTON. D. C. SATURDAY. MARCH 9. 191. -TWELVE PAGES.
jNiue-hour EilibusUr in the
flonse and One-man Op
position in Senate.
WANT J1ETH0D CHANGED
Senator Smith and Representatives
Roddenbery, Howard, and Trib-
ble Call Plan Extravagant
rou- Georgians Senator Hoke Smith
una Representatives Roddenbery. How
ard, and Trlbble have begun what prom
ises to bo the hardest fight against the
present form of pension legislation ever
teen In Congress.
In the House 3 csterday tl e three last
named Georgians fought Democratsand
Republicans to a standstill, ijreventlng
the passage of a private pension bill
after a nine-hour filibuster In the Sen
ate Mr. Smith blocked the consideration
of another omnibus pension bill, and an
nounced his Intention of continuing his
slns'c-handed opposition to day.
"VInd Ci In Jubilee.
For the first timo since the rules fight
of two j ears ago, the House was the
scene last night of an old-fashioned fill
buster, ending In iong. Jests, and gibe",
while for more- than two hours the
Sergeant-at-Arms "rut tied for a quorum.
Representative. Itoddenber, the imall
but strong-lunged Georgian, who took
It's first lessons In filibustering two weeks
ago, was the primary cause of delayed
action on an omnibus pcnIon bill
After the fight had born running for
Fix hours many members were tired and
hungry and sneaked' home to dinner
Noting the dwindling attendance. Mr
Itoddenber made a point of no quorum,
and until after 9 o clock the House wait
ed valn'y for EUlIiCient votes to order
the previous question.
About S C Rcpresentatlv e Kllerbe. of
boutb Carolina jwned bleeplly. glanced
at Rcpresentatlv e I nderwooo. w no was
acting as bpeaker pro tern., and started
the "noun dawg" song, now linked with
the Champ Clark residential candidacy.
Mr Underwood smiled and then every
body joined in the chorus. .Next the
basso prorunao of Mr KilerDe surtcd
ever bod singing "John Brown's body"
Members who had been glancing angrily
In the direction of Mr Roddenbery all
evening Joined In the chorus and the
song festival whs on Jtepresentatlve
Stephers-, or California, essayed to lead
"My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean," but
nobod knew the words and btephens
Re- rrscntatlv e Ellerbe again came to
th foreground as singing master and
the t red members were entertained witn
Marching Through Georgia," Tenting
To-n'ght. and other fav orltes of the
filibustering days of the Sixty-first Con
gress lloddeubcry Defies Democrats.
Karller In the day Mr Roddenbery
began operations by daring the Dem
ocratic organization to bring In the
gag rule Although Mr. Rodden-ber-.
and his aids throw obstructions
in the way of the pension bill throughout
the da prolonging tne session until a
late hour last night, the Democratic lead
ers failed to invoke a special rule 10 bring
the performance to in early end
Glaring at Democrats whom he knew
were not In sympathy with his efforts,
Mr Itoddenber accused them of "rob
bing the Treasury for political gain "
Representative Trlbble asserted that the
House had tut off public buildings and
battle ships and had mangled appropria
tion bills because of "tho terrible drain
on the Treasure through injudicious pen
sion legislation '
Representative Howard made sarcastic
oli-crvotfons relative to the reported
d ath of a -veteran whuso widow wanted
an increased pcn"Ion
Representative Roddenbery gave notice
that he would continue to filibuster every
time a pension bill came up In the House
unless tho Pension Committee gave defi
nite information concerning tho rea-on
lielilnd eo individual rceommcndatlon
for a pension
Opens Fight In Senate.
Disclaiming a purpose to obstruct legls
Id ion by dilatory tactics, benator Hoke
fcmlth. of Georgia, also began a single
handed campaign In the Senato against
special pension claims. ..
Ho succeeded in preventing the passago
of an omnibus pension bill, embracing
about 00 private claims, which has been
pending It the Senate for slity days. He
declared ttnat vjie policy cf allowing pri
vate pension: which has grown up In
Congress 1 unjust to the rank and file
of Union soldiers who really fought the
war and who are actually entitled to fa
vors at the hands of the government.
He asserted that 9,643 special pension
bills were passed by the List Congress,
and he lnslsttd that It was a matter
cf lmposslbillti 'or these claims to have
received the jr ful consideration that
tney demand t J
Special pensions alone, he contended,
cost the Federal government $6,601,157 an
nually, and the money goes to pensioners
who have friends In Congress willing to
.Jook out for them, while the great mass
of the old soldiers are neglected and must
content thtmselvcs with the meager al
lowances of general pension legislation.
4I.1 to California Points
Via Baltimore S. Ohio, dally. March I to
April It. 1911. Ask agents for particulars.
THREE GDLD COIN PRIZES
Market Basket Page
OPEN TO A LL REA DERS
SHERLOCK HOLMES &$&tsSr IT IS WORTH WHILE
e V - ' . . a- . . . -
Rear Admiral 'William H. Southerland.
V. S. N., promoter of. the famous "dirty
shirt" resolution In the West Indies a
few ) ears ago, achieved the ambition of
his life yesterday when he flung to the
breeze his commander-in-chiefs blue flag.
Admiral Southerland ttclcctcd the cruiser
California as his flagship, relieving Rear
Admiral Cbauncey Thomas as command-er-ln-chlcf
of the Pacific licet. Although
this fleet has lately been reduced to only
one division. It In. nevertheless, an Inde
pendent command. With the "West Vir
ginia, the flagship of Admiral Souther
land as division commander, sent to Join"
the reserve fleet at the Puget Sound yard.
tho new Pacific fleet as reorganized con
sists of the following armored cruisers:
California. Mar land. South Dakota, and
Admiral Southerland, who is near the
top of the list of rear'admlrals. Is one of
the few officers In the navy who rose
from the ranks, and Is one of only two
officers remaining who served as naval
apprentices. The other. Rear Admiral
Charles E. Vreeland. was recently made
aid for operations upon the retirement of
Rear Admiral Richard Walnwrtgbt.
SENDS UNCLE SAM
$5 FOR BLANKET
The Treasury Department yesterday
received a contribution to the conscience
fund from a veteran to pay for a
blanket he retained at the close of the
civil war. The K contribution was ac
companied by the following letter, ad
dressed to Secretary MacVeagh:
"When I was discharged from the
army In 1SC5, I had two saddle blankets,
one old, one I had picked up. bo I
turned over one and kept the other,
which I should not have done So I will
send jou 15. which I think the govern
ment Is entitled to."
The letter Is signed. "One of Uncle
Sam's Veterans," and the envelope bore
the postmark of an Illinois town, bev
eral weeks ago the department received
a draft for ts.0 sent bv a minister for a
conscience-stricken veteran who appro
priated a mule from the government at
the close of the war.
SOLIDLY FOR TAFT
That Chicago will go solidly for Talt
was the announcement made yesterday
by Francis W. Taylor, private secretary
to Secretary MacVeagh who has Just re
turned from a jmlltlcal scouting trip to
the Western metropolis
Tailor, who Is a formfer member of
the Chicago board of aldermen, and
one of the Taft lieutenants In the Mis
sissippi Valley, says the Roosevelt move
ment Is practically killed.
"The colonel will have some support
In the rural districts," he says, "but the
people who select the delegates are go
ing to instruct them for Taft."
SECRETARY KNOX- ,
State Department officials refused to
become excited over the publication of
a statement given out at the Colombian
Legation, stating that the Colombian gov
ernment wished it understood that no
invitation had ever been extended to Sec
retary of State Knox to visit their coun
trv The department felt that such a
statement was not uncalled for. In view
of persistent reports that Colombia had
Invited Mr Knox to make his visit, fol
lowing the recall of the erring Minister.
It was stated )estcrday that In the be
ginning there was onl a posslbillt that
Mr Knox might go to Colombia by
reason of the Inaccessibility of the cap
ital, and that that poslbilIty had been
rendered much less so by the unpleasant
nutorlety brought about by Mr. Osplna,
and that now (here Is no Intention what
ever of Colombia being Included in the
Sccretarj s itlnerar.
3 BOYS ATTACK
Three bo, ranging In age from fifteen
to eighteen ears. last night brutally as
saulted George Shultz, proprietor of a,
confectioner store at 1745 N street
northwest, cutting his scalp and face
severily The assault occurred in Kalo
ram.i road, between Eighteenth street
and Columbia road. According to the
story told by bhultz to police of the Tenth
precinct, the three bot entered his store
shortly after 9.20 o clock last nlgbt and
ordered refreshments, for which they re
fused to pay.
When they ran from, his store Shultz
followed them. On Kaloraxna road they
stopped running, and when their pur
suer came up attacked him. bhultz's
cries brought Dr. E. C Snyder to the,
scene The physician treated the Injured
man, after which both reported the af
fair to the Tenth precinct. Shultz sajs
he! knows the boys by sight.
MINERS TO STRIKE
BerUn. March X. A demand for 13 per
cent Increase- in wages was presented to
the mine owners In the Slleslan coal
fields. Eastern Prussia, to-day by the
Polish. Christian, and Socialist trades
unions. This move follows on ultima
tum delivered by the WestphaUan miners,
and is believed to foreshadow the walk
out of nearly half a million mine work
ers In the German coal fields.
The government Is endeavoring toflnd
a basis for the settlement of tte diffi
culty, but even the most optimistic of the
discontented miners say there Is little
hope of an amicable understanding, un
less their demands are acceded to
London. March S. A strong sentiment
-among the striking miners for concilia
tory tactics was noticeable to-day and
In some quarters of the labor camp It
was freely predicted that the meeting
of the miners federation convention on
Tuesday would agree to modify its de
mand" for a minimum wage,
A considerable element among the
strikers Is said to favor the speedy ter
mination of the strike through such a
"I.3 to Baltimore and Return.
Faturdavs and Sundays, "via Pennsj lvanla
railroad Tickets good returning until 9
a. m Monday. All regular trains except
the Congressional Limited.
TUFT AT TOLEDO
Answers Roosevelt's Colmu
bns Address and Takes
REAL CAMPAIGN SPEECH
Short Talks from Hear Platform to
Large Crowds at Many
Stations in Ohio.
Toledo. Ohio. March S. Taking Issue
with the progressive policies of tho re
call of Judges and of court decisions.
President Taft delivered the first real
speech of his campaign hers to-night.
He was principal speaker at a public
meeting held at the Coliseum. Answer
ing Roosevelt's Columbus speech, Mr,
Taft declared that the detects of tho
Judicial system of the country have
not been found In corrupt Judges, but
mainly In court procedure and In the
helplessness of the Judges In Jury cases
to assist the Jurors In reaching proper
Judicial recall, said Taft, will deprive
the judges of that Independence with
out which the liberty and rights of the
Individual cannot be maintained. The
recall of decisions he termed "crude,
revolutionary, and untenable."
Tlif President's Speeeli.
In part the President said:
"In the last year or two we have
heard much -of radical methods of
changing the Judiciary system. If we
would properly consider these proposals
and stand on solid and safe ground we
must re-examine the fundamental prin
ciples of stable popular government.
The hlstoo of the world seems to show
that our form of government is more
enduring and satisfactory than any
"We find that government by the peo
ple Is, under our present system, gov
ernment by a majority of one-fourth
of those whose rights and happiness aro
to be affected by the course and conduct
of the government. This Is the nearest to
a government by the whole people we
have ever had. Woman suffrage will
change this, and it Is doubtless coming
as soon as the electorate can be certain
that most women desire It and will as
sutre Its burden and responsibility But
even then the electorate will only be
part of the wholo people
"To protest against the momentary Im
pulse of a temporary majorttyof the elec
torate to change the fundamental Jaw
and deceive, the. Individual ftr the mtlnr
minority or the nonvotrng- majority of
Inalienable rights, the Constitution pro
vided a number of checks and balances
whereby every amendment to the Con
stitution must be adopted under forms
and with delays that are Intended to
secure much deliberation on the part of
the electorate In adopting such amend
ments CberlkB and Balanced.
"Thee checks and balances, as has
been pointed out. Include the division of
the government Into three Independent
branches the legislative, executive, and
the judiciary and the provisions by
which usurpation by ono ot the functions
of another Is forbidden. The Executive,
while he Is bound to act In behalf of all
the people and to regard their right. Is
properly Influenced by that discretion
ary policy which he was elected by his
constituents to carry out In that sense,
he represents the" minority ofi the elec
torate bo, too, the legislative mem
bers elected to uphold certain govern
mental views of the majorlt will prop
erl favor the embodiment of such
views In valid legislation
"But the Judiciary are not representa
tive In an such sense, whether ap
pointed or elected The moment they
assume their duties they must enforce
the law as they find It They must not
onl Interpret and enforce valid enact
ments of the legislature according to
Its Intention, but when the legislature
In "Its enactments has transgressed the
limitations sax upon Its power In the
Constitution, the Judicial branch of the
government must enforce the fundamen
tal apd higher law by annulling and de
claring 4 Invalid the offending legislative
"Having made clear wliat the function
of our courts Is under our form of gov
ernment In maintaining the constitutional
guaranties of rights, and In preserving
against the usurpation of the majority the
rights of the nonvoting part of the peo
ple and of tho voting minority and of
the Individual, we come now to examine
the charges mado against the existing
system. I concede that the system is
not perfect or as good as It can and
ought to be made. I havo been preaching
for reform, especially In the enforcement
of the criminal law, for years.
Tvfo Proposed Remedies.
"But these.humdrum defects and their
tedious remedies are not of the spec
tacular character to call for political dis
cussion or to attract effort from poli
ticians In the passage of remedial legisla
tion. The formidable att&ck upon our
Judiciary now Is that the judges do not
respond sufficiently to popular opinion.
It la said that courts are Interposing
their obstructive power to the enforce
ment of legislation looking to the relief
"f the oppressed by declaring laws un
constitutional and by so-called judicial
legislation in Interpreting Into statutes
words not Intended by the legislature. I
do not intend to' discuss these charges,
although If reduced to "specific cases It
would bo easy to show many of them to
be unfounded. For the purposfraof this
discussion, I may admit that courts have
erred In this regard, have unduly broad
ened constitutional restrictions in order
to invalidate useful statutes, or have
given such statutes a wrong construc
tion. How Is it proposed to remedy these
wrongs? In one of two ways, either by
the Judicial recall or by the recall of
Judicial decisions. Let us examine these
"In the remedy by Judicial recall it is
proposed to provide by law that when-
Contlnned on Tost 3, Coltfmn S.
S1.S3 to Baltimore and Return
Baltimore and Ohio.
T..w c.liiitl.tf nnH Knnrinv (Inivt en
turn until 9 a. m. train Monday. All
trains wjw ajii tutiuuius uc xtvui
EGGS IN ITS TRAIL
An Impromptu exhibition In Intricate
gastronomies was given yesterday when
a horse owned by L. F. HobtW, ot Coles'
vllle, Md., a butter arid egg dealer, re
sented the toot ot a horn on a passing
automobile and started on a wild dash
down Georgia avenue.
Crates of the farm products fell from
the careening wagon, which, left a fine
trail of scrambled eggs behind. Hobbs
was badly bruised In bumping against
the, sides ot the wagon, which was rock
Ing'llke a cat-boat in a typhoon.
The driver mado no attempt, however,
to salvage the product that fell from the
wagon, hut remarked to a bj slander that
he was glad the smash-up didn't occur
two months ago, when eggs were selling
at 0 cents a dozen Instead of 35 cents
PAINED FOR $1.25
Trusty Porter 'Who Absconded with
Royal Property Caught in D
Street by Detectives.
Count de Cbabannes, who Is in Wash
ington painting a portrait of Miss Mar
garet Draper, has recovered a pair ot
trousers and shoes which were stolen by
a trusted emplo e at the hopfe of Mrs. B.
Hlnton. of 911 Nineteenth street north
west, where the count has a handsome
Mrs. Hlnton hired Oston Foster, fifty
three )ears old. colored, ot Four-and-a-half
street and Missouri avenue, as a
porter, after he had pleaded for work.
His attitude was ono ot gratitude from
the outset. On his routine of work one
day last week, however, tho "trust-"
Foster had occasion to enter the count's
suite There hung a pair of trousers, a
creation such as only Parisian tailors
can turn out. and on the floor were a
pair of shoes such as only noblemen
can afford to wear.
Foster absconded with the royal prop
erty. He was apprehended yesterday af
ternoon In D street by Detectives Barbee
and Vermillion, who recognized htm from
the description given by Mrs. Hlnton. He
had pawned the trousers and shoes and
had succeeded In raising only J1.2S on
them. The prpperty was recovered
NOT LEFT TO WIFE
Motive Fonnd for Grace Shooting,
Declares Attorney for the
Atlanta. March 8. That Mrs. Eugene H.
Grace, who la held In th Tower without
ball, charged, w Ith shooting her husband,
who Is critically 111 In St. Joseph's In
firmary from a bullet wcund Inflicted as
he lay In bed at his mansion In West
Eleventh street, deliberately planned her
husband's murder and executed her plans
with diabolical determination. Is tne con
tention of Reuben Arnold, a leading mem
ber of the Atlanta bar. who has been
retained by Grace's parents to prosecute
the aercused woman
According to Arnold, the c ldence shows
that Mrs. Grace drugged her bnsband.
shot him, and locked him in his room to
die. After stuffing the telephone and door
bell, she went to the home of Graces
parents In order to be able later to estab
lish an alibi The motive for the crime.
Arnold declares, was to secure J30.000 of
life Insurance which Grace had begun suit
to recover from his wife. Grace had re
cently made a will leaving his fortune
to his parents. It was said to-day that
In his delirium Grace ha said his wife
shot him In a nightmare, believing him
to be ber former husband.
John W Moore, counsel for Mrs. Grace,
said to-day that the defense will show
that tho shooting was donoby a colored
man. He said the crime was typical of
petty thieves, who alwaS takes small
amounts of cash and leaves valuables and
large securities. He pointed out that Mrs.
Grace left ten U bills In her room, to
gether with valuable Jewelry and a check
for several thousand dollars, and r that
the detectives who searched the room
found all the property except tho ten Jl
bills. Mrs. Grace ln-ited to-day that
she loves her husbani and accuses an
unnamed colored man of shooting him.
There was little change In Grace's con
dition to-day. His phslclans expressed
doubt that he will recover.
The Supremacy of
The Washington Herald
, in dealing with great national questions
is abundantly demonstrated.
It was the only newspaper in Washington emphatically to voice
the protest of the United States against Russia.
ITS POSITION WAS SUSTAINED BY CONGRESS AND THE PRESI
It was the only newspaper in Washington to point out the de
fects in the arbitration treaties.
ITS CRITICAL ANALYSIS HAS BEEN VINDICATED BY THE
ACTION OF THE UNITED STATES SENATE.
It' was the only newspaper in Washington to predict positively
that Theodore Roosevelt would accept the Presidential nomination in
opposition to President Taft.
MR. ROOSEVELT VERIFIED THE PREDICTION BY HIS ACTION.
THE MORAL: '
you want to Jteep nfornied on
1 national events you MUST read
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
Americans Are Barricading
Themselves in Homes to
300 KILLED IN BATTLE
Demand of Gov. Colquitt, of Texas,
Adds Fresh Fuel to the Al
ready Strained Situation.
Mexico City, March 1-A preconcerted
move against the capital Is rumored to
be under way between the forces of
Orozco, on the north: Mender, on the
south, and Mlrandl, on the west. The
combined forces ot these generals num
The rumors of rebel activity caused
much anxiety among the Spanish and
American residents of the capital to-day,
the latter meeting under United States
Ambassador Wilson and appointing a
committee of nine to draw up plana for
the defense of American property and
llv es should the city be, attacked, and the
former fortifying a number of buildings
nt points of vantage. Other foreigners
here also met to discuss the gravity of
the situation. Reports from Vera Cruz
say that the situation In that state is
crucial, and that the city of Vera Cruz
Is threatened by the rebel forces. It is
said that 300 men hare been killed In anu
engagement between .000 Zapatistas and
l.KO Federals, near Aratlan. The fight
ing han been In progress since Sunday.
The unexpected demani' of Gov. Col
quitt, ot Texas, that the United States
forces put an end to the Invasion of
Texas soll,by Mexicans yesterday added
a fresh aggravation to the already vexed
Gov Colquitt asserts that the bend of
the Rio Grande Is overrun with Mexi
cans, who, whether they arc termed ma
rauders or Banditti, constitute a menace
to the safety of Americans' which neither
the regular nor the insurgent forces are
making any effort to check.
Tho Information supplied by Gov. Col
quitt makes it plain that unless the
army of the United State's promptly
drives these guerrillas back across the
border serious consequences to Americans
On receipt of the governor's message
two troops of cavalry were Immediately
ordered from ban Antonio to the trou
bled district, with orders ether to dis
arm the marauding Mexicans or send
them back across the line. If they offer
rrlstance an4rtherebjr 'precipitate ov-con-fllct,
there Is grave fear that the hatred
ot Americans that has long smoldered
among the more lawless element of the
Mexicans will burst into flame, and that
more than a few troops of cavalry will
be require to deal with the situation.
As Is usual In grave extremities, the
War Department yesterday became sud
denly reticent about Its plans as to the
disposition of troops In the troubled zone.
It Is known, nevertheless, that at least
two regiments, ope of cavalry and one ot
Infantry, are held In readiness to be
dispatched to the border at the first re
port of an outbreak.
FIVE INDICTED IN
Hendersonvllle. N C, March S Sensa
tion reigned here to-night when the Hen
derson grand Jury, after Investigation for
three days of the mysterious murder of
Myrtle Hawkins, whose body was found
In Lake Osceola, two miles from here, on
September 10 three days after her disap
pearance from home, returned a true bill
against four men and one woman, who
were arrested to-nlgbt shortly ofler the
report of tho grand Jury.
Gcorgo Bradle, former sweetheart of
the deceased. Is being held as a principal:
his brother, Johnny Bradley. Is charged
with accessory to murder before the fact,
and Dan W McCall Is charged with being
an accessory after the fact. McCall and
his wife, Beatrice, the latter being a
daughter of Dan McCall, aro being held
as principals also. The cases will be tried
at the May term. The principals. It Is
said, will not be admitted to ball. The
prisoners are separated.
"Farthest South;' &
To a Waiting World
Norwegian Explorer Furnishes Thrilling
f Narrative of Adventures and' Hard
ships in Attaining His Goal
After Yeafs Struggle.
"GOOD OLD FRAM" NEVER 'FAILS
Changes Original Plan
on Polar Dash, and
Accompany Him to
Hobart, Tasmania, Friday, March 9-CapL Roald Amundsen,
who arrived here on the steamer Frani Thursday, to-day told the story
of his struggle to attain the south pole, for which the chilized world
has been waiting; told it simply, but tlirillingly. ,
The Norwetnan explorer's convincincr narrative, which must be
come historical, describes the new lands he found, the scientific knowl
edge he gained, the tremendous obstacles he and his companions sur
mounted, and the suffering they endured in the quest that was crowned
by triumph and fame at last.
PIGHT OF A. YEAR. s J
On February 10. 13U. the adventurous
Amundsen and his men began thelr
march toward -the south. From then
until April U, they set up three depots.
In which they stored In all J.000 kilos of
provisions, of which 1,700 kilos were seal
meat. fJeven hundred kilos of this food
they placed In the eight -first degree of
south latitude, and (00 kilos more in the
eighty-second degree. In the waste of
ice and snow there were no landmarks
by which" they could locate the depots.
So they planted flags, seven kilometers
to the east and west of each.
The ground and the condition of the
barrier was of the best, and driving the
degs was comparatively easy. On Feb
ruary IS they drove their sledges 110 kilo
meters. The weight ot each sledge was
W0 klios. Sir dogs wer-naraeesd to
tach. TbeTiarrler surface was"smooth.
Crevasses were only local and Amundsen
found them dangerous only in ti places.
For the rest, there were long, smooth
The weather was ""-" 'J!
either cahn or light breezes blew. The
lowest temperature while they progressed
to the three depots they laid down was
4J degrees on the Celsius thermometer.
On their return from their first trip, on
February IS. Amundsen found that his
stanch ship the Fram. which 4 had
weathered so many storms In the arctic,
had left him. He says that his heart
sweUed with pride and delight when he
heard that the Fram's captain had suc
ceeded In sailing her farther south and
there hoisted the colors of his country.
"It was a glad moment for me and my
comrades." exclaimed Amundsen to-day.
"Farthest north, farthest south. Good
Before the arrival of winter they had
0,000 kilos of seal meat In their depot
enough for themselves and their 110 dogs.
Humane as brave, they first built eight
dog houses, a combination of tents and
Providing- for Winter.
Then, having cared for their dogs, they
set about looking after themselves, for
their little hut was almost entirely cov
ered by snow before the middle of April.
First, they had to get light and air. Their
Lux lamp, which was SOO-candlepower,
gave them brilliant light and kept up
the temperature in the house to sixty
eight degrees Fahrenheit throughout the
winter. An excellent system of vcntlla
Uon gave them all the air they needed.
Close to the hut and in direct communi
cation with It were workshops, packing
rooms, cellars lor provisions, coal, wooa.
and. oil storehouses, a plain bath and a'
steam bath, and observatories, all dug
out of the Ice of the barrier, bo In a
way they lived In a crystal domicile,
they had everything within doors and nt
hind. If the weather was too cold or
stormy for them to go Into the open.
Tho sun left them on April 12 and for
four months they were in the dark. The
w lnter was passed In changing their en
tire outfit, for they had found on making
their trip establishing the depots that
tho sledges were too heavy and clumsy
for the barrier's smooth surface. Beside
working on the outfit they did as much,
scientific work as possible.
Tbey made some astonishing meteoro
logical observations, for. as good luck
would have It, there was HtUe snow.
Although open water was close by their
habitation all through the winter, and
for some reason the temperatures were
higher than Amundsen had expected, they
remained v ery low. During five months
Amundsen observed temperatures rang
ing between minus M and CO Celsius. The
lowest temperature was on August 13, S3
Celsius; the weather was then calm.
On August 1 It was 54 Celsius, with
the wind blowing at nine meters an
hour. On August 17 It was 56 Cel
sius; the mean temperature for the
year was 26 Celsius. Amundsen
had expected hurricane after hurricane,
but experienced- only two moderate
storms. There were many beautiful
aurora, australls In all directions.
Sanitary Conditions Good.
Sanitary conditions were of the best
all through the winter, .and when the
sun returned on August 21 It shone on
men sound In mind and body, ready to.
set about the tremendous task that
had to beiperformed. In the beginning
?f S&Z2X.1 ?.?"& '
to the starting place they had chosen
for the march, toward the .south. The
temperature rose so much that there
was no question about setting out.
So on September 9, eight men and
seven sledges, ninety dogsand provi
sions for four months started In their
quest for the pole. The ground was
of Taking Entire Party
Allows Only Four to
Edward VII Land.
perfect. The temperature was pot ex
treme. But the next day It appeared
that they had started too soon. fjr the
temperature fell, and on the followlnc
das kept steadily down between 59
and CO Celsius.
Personally Amunsdcn and his men did
not suffer any from the cpld. The fins
furs with which they were provided pro
tected them. But It was a very different
matter with their dogs, which shrank
visibly from day to day, Amunsdensoon
realized that tho dogs could not stand
the long ran to his depot In SO degrees
of south latitude, so he determined to
return to bis depot and await the arrival
of spring. His "provisions were cached,
and off be went back to his hut. He lost
a few dogs, and a couple of his men had ,
their heels frozen. But everything else'
was all right. -
"If was only H the middle" of October
that spring came In earnest. Seals and
birds appeared, the temperature was
steady between 9 and 30 degrees Celsius
Amundsen's original plan was that all of
his little party should go toward the
south, but he changed it- He selected
four men to go with him. while the other
three were detailed to start to the. east
and visit King Edward VII Land.
The explorer had not Included that trip
In his original programme, but because
the English expedition had not reached
King Edward VTt land in the, previous
summer, as was their Intention. Amund
sen determined that the best thing to
do was to make thla Journey also. On
October 20 the party going south started.
It consisted of the leader, four of his
men. four sledges, and fifty-two dogs.
They took with them provisions for four
months. Everything was In exceUent
crder. Amundsen had determined to
make the first part ot the trip with as
little labor as possible so as not to
take too much cut of his men and his
dogs, and to give them an opportunity
to get fat. Tbey made their depot hi
the eightieth degree on the 3d. and
went right ahead, although there was a
dense fog. Because ot the fog an error
of two or three kilometers happened
once In a while. They got out of the
way, but found It again by catching
sight of the flags that marked their de
pots. Dogs Strong and "Wllllnc.
Having rested and fed the dogs on all
the seal meat they would eat, the party
started ngtln on the ISth. The tempera
ture remained steady at between 23 and
30 degrees cclslus. It had been Amund
sen's Intention not to drlvo more than
20 to 30 kilometers a day, but. It soon
appeared that this was too slow, for
their dogs were strong and willing.
In iO degrees south, they began to
build snow cairns of the height ot a
man, so as to mark the wav for their re
turn. On the 21st they reached the depot
In SI degrees south. They stopped there
a day and fed the dogs on as much
pemmlcan as they wanted. They reached
the depot In 32 degrees south on Novem
ber 5, where the dogs for the Itrst time
got all they wanted to fat.
On November S they started southward
again, making a dally march of. fifty
kilometers. To lighten their- heavy
sledges they set up depots as they com
pleted each degree. The trip from the
fCd to the Kd degree was a little more
than a pleasure Jaunt. The snow was
In excellent condition for sledging, and
the temperature was all they could ask
"Everything went on like a dance." ex
claimed Amundsen. In telling the story.
On the 9th they sighted Victoria Land,
a continuation of the mountain range
that Shackleton recorded on his chart as
running toward the southeast from
Eeardmore glacier On the same day they
reached the Skf degree and. there estab-
Con tinned on Page 3, Column -
THE AEROPLANE IN WAR.
New Ami of National Defense I
Being Developed br All Powers.
The operations of the Italian aviator
In Tripoli have demonstrated tne prac
tical value of the aeroplane In actual
warfare. AU otyiSft powers are keenly
watching the work of Italian blrdmen
In frustrating the strategy of the cun-
nlnv Tnrlf iinr darlntr Arah-
- o a"r " i the
development of tho aerial war craft.
Read-about It In the Magazine Section
of to-morrow's Herald.
Oaly One Msht Out to Florida
via Atlantic Coast Line. trains dally)
4:10. 7:10. 940 p. m. 4:20 a. m. All-steel,
electric-lighted Pullmans, 141 J N. T.ave.