THE WASHING! ON HERALD
The Herald has the Urfest
morning home circulation, and
Briata all the news of the world
UnsettlttMo-dajS- probzily pre
ceded "by shower.
I each, da)-, in addition to many
1 WASHINGTON. D, C. TUESDAY. APRIL 16. 1912. -FOURTEEN PAGES.
SHIPS SCOUTING FOR POSSIBLE SURVIVORS
1,800 LIVES LOST
AS TITANIC SINKS
Wireless Reports from Searchers Say Few
Men Were Saved in Greatest Maritime
New York, Aprill6 (1 a. m.).
Race" that,l,800 Jives were taken in the sinking of the Titanic, which
from now on will be known as" the greatest maritime disaster of modern
times. The great liner, up to twenty-four hours ago bearing the proud
title of the largest vessel afloat, is
tic, with all of her crew and x,WO ot tne passengers, aix nunarea
and seventy women were taken off the liner after, her appalling collision
with, a submerged iceberg, and they are to-night on the Carpathia mak
ing for either Boston or New York.
It is feared that not .one of the Titanic's passenger list of distin
guished and wealthy men is alhe. It is believed that not a man of the
crew of the Titanic is alive, to tell the tale ot the epochal sea horror.
As mute evidence of the disaster that overwhelmed the Titanic on her
maiden trip is the comment of the captain of the Carpathia in a wireless
message received to-night:
"We found only "a tea covered with wreck and debris."
SirrlTon Picked Up. "
The Carpathla's captain also said be
had picked tip tbe survivors In the boats
and had sheltered them on board. They
will be landed at either New "York or
Boston Thursday. Tbe Carpathia also
gave tbe full extent ot the disaster by
saylne that the Titanic bad gone to the
bottom at 2J0 -Monday morning.
To-night a hundred vessels of aU de
scriptions are making for the scene of
the disaster at top speed in the faint
hope that some of the survivors may yet
be sated. But It seems a forlorn hope.
The slant boat, racing for America m an
attempt to delight Its distinguished pas
senger list with a trip that vjould startle
the world, hit the iceberg with terrific
force. The impact was sufficient to tear
great seams In the vessel s prow ana dis
lodge one or more vt the watertight com
partments: .Fighting a losing battle, the
prldi of -the- maritime, world went to ,tef
At fiery -wireless statJoi iSt'thetA-iantltf-
coast 'from New York to Cape
Race wireless operators are to-night
bending over their Instruments, feeling
for the pulsations of the marvelous
hertiian waves that will bring -further
details of the catastrophe The sta
tions that faithfully recorded every piece
of InformaUon that came from the deep
hear nothing. Extra, men are on duty,
spurred bj hundreds of telegrams from
all parts of the world for some Intelli
gence of those on board. During the
afternoon, and as far Into the night as
midnight, tiny bits of news filtered in
ov er the man elous mechanism, hut after
that there was silence.
In this city all the steamship officers
remained open all night Crowds thronged
the White Star Line offices on Loner
Broadway, clamoring for some informa
tion nf the Titanic. To all there was the
"Nothlns more Has Teen Heard."
That the sinking of the Titanic was
witnessed from the bridge of tbe Car-j-athla,
which was leading the Parisian
and the Virginian to the rescue. Is be
lieved here to-night. That tbe vessel was
seen through the glasses of the Car
pathian captain to be afloat Is regarded
as the source of these early encour
The Titanic carried the most notable
list of passengers ever borne across the
The loss represented by the
sinking of tbe Titanic:
Value of vessel. J10.000.000.
Value of Jewels carried by
women passengers, 15,000.000.
Baggage and malls. U.OOO.OOO.
Loss from probable litigation
and indemnities, 15.000,000.
Atlantic by one ship. Home-coming
American tourists arranged their sail
ings weeks ago, so as to ride tbe new
aronder of the seas on her maiden voy
age Went Down nt aiSO a. ra.
To-nlgbt's dispatches state that Xhe Ti
tanic went down at 2.20 o'clock this
morning The delay tn the transmls
mlssion of the news is attributed to the
fact that all dispatches have been sub
ject to difficult relays- .
The collision of the Titanic with an
iceberg Is now known to hue been a
head-on crash that ocurred while the
liner was proceeding at nttle less than
her best speed. ,
She was a day ahead of her schedule,
and it Is considered probable tbat an at
tempt to hav a record-breaking voyage
was the sole amblUon of her crew.
Her forward plates were completely
wrecked, a gaping wound opening below
her water line and JetUng the water into
her forward compartments. In the
- meantime the lifeboats were manned and
Into them were placed as many of the
women and children as they could hold.
The boats were put oft while there was
yet some hope ot holding the leviathan
afloat unUl her wireless messages could
Mu Show Bravery.
Later and more comprehensive mes
sages teU of great bravery on the part of
the men passengers. There, was a mini
mum of disorder. John Jacob Astor,
who, with his bride, was returning .from
their long honeymoon abroad, saw his
bride placed Jn a lifeboat and safely
away. CoL Astor was drowned.
The work of getting the lifeboats r
away, the work of allaying the fears of
the great crowd of passengers as much
as possible, Jhe work of keeping the
pomps in operation and the engines
throbbing these, .tasks- and- countless
It is reported by wireless from Cape
to - night at the bottom oif the Atlan
others were directed by Capt Smith, tbe
venerable commander of the Titanic and
before her adent the commander of the
Olympic, who displayed almost superhu
man power of mind and body as the
world's most horrible sea disaster
crowned his long and honorable career
on the .high seas.
A wireless message from the Virginia
states that the occupants of the small
boats which she picked up hate been
transferred to the Carpathia, which Is
proceeding to New York.
The Titanic struck the iceberg at 10.23
o'clock last night, and foundered, at 2J0
o'clock this morning At daybreak the
Carpathia arrived on the scene, and her
passengers and crew beheld only the
small boats, with their precious human
cargoes and a. dismal scene of wreckage.
Mystlcr Maxle, "S. O. 8."
"Slnklnr by the head, and women are
belnr rushed Into the lifeboat?'. Vere
the lajt words sputtered Into lne'wit-
Unlc AU through the "feght and -until
ber wireless station was silenced, more
than 100 miles ot eea from the antennae
ot the giant Uner, flashed the mysUe and
magic "S O S.," the world-wide cry of
distress on the ocean.
Every wireless operator within range
of the maimed vessel dropped her other
message to locate her. and meantime re
flashed the fatal three dots, three dash
es, and three dots to the world
The collision occurred In latitude
41 46 north and longitude 50.14 west, 1.1M
miles east -of New Tork and 454 miles
south of Cape Bace the most westerly
point of Newfoundland.
Contrary to early surmises, there
was no fog when the vessel struck the
weather nu clear and the sea was
calm. Almost as soon as the Virginian
picked up the distress signal It was
recorded by the operator on the Olym
pic, the Titanic's sister ship, and next
to her the largest -vessel afloat. This
was at midnight. At that hour the
Olympic was 200 mUes from New Tork
en route to Southampton.
The Olympic forged ahead under full
steam, but to-night's wireless dispatch
es indicate that she reached the scene
too late to be of any assistance.
Baltic Gets Slcnal.
The Baltic famous for her rescue of
the passengers of the steamer Repub
lic and her Jack Binns. who sat aloft
and braved death to summon help, was
the next ship to pick up tbe brief story
of the Titanic's plight She was on her
way from New Tork to Liverpool, but
turned about and put on full speed to
ward the Titanic's position.
The Parisian, according to her mes
sage, reached the flotilla of rescuers
shortly after the Baltic ,
A wireless message from Capt Had
dock to-night confirms, the fears of the
White "Star Line officials that all but 670
women and children, who escaped In the
small boats from the $19,000,000 ship, had
perished. A part of this message was
withheld, but enough was divulged to
the newspapers to make certain the. ap
palling extent of the catastrophe
.Not until Capt Haddock flashed "Hor
rible disaster; all but 670 lost" would the
White Star officials fcelieve that the
mightiest ship ever launched had gone
down on her maiden voyage.
The scene In the White Star offices to
night was pitiful. Brought to & realiza
tion of tbe stupendous wreck, the com
plete fruit of their dreams, gray-haired
men. many of them veteran seamen,
Phltadelphtans on Board.
Philadelphia, April 15. A. number of
well-known Phlladelphlans returning.
PKT5TS THE HEWS
BIGHT AHD HBST
The Washington Herald was
the FIRST paper in the Nation's
Capital to teU tbe news of the
disaster to the Titanic
The Herald, In It FIRST ex
tra, which was on the street at ,
4.10 a. m. yesterday, stated that
the Titanic was SINKING.
The afternoon papers printed
Minconflnned reports to the effect
tbat all passengers had "been
Later reports last night stat
ing that tbe Titanic had sunk
at J-J0 a. m, bore out The-Her-ald's
statements In ' its FIRST
"When yon read It In The Her- ,
aid It la so.
fXESHttHT TIFT'S Am
AMONG" THE msSIKG
Pboto -or Butifr-Xvisg.
MAJ. ARCHIBALD W. BDTT.
from spending the winter tn Europe,
were among those on the Titanic
Among the best known of the passen
gers of the ship were Mr. and Mrs.
George D. "Wldener andj their son, Harry
Elklns Wldener. It had been reported
several weeks ago, when the Wldeners
sailed for Europe, that their daughter.
Miss Eleanor Elklns Wldener, hsd sailed
with them'to purchase her trousseau for
her wedding to Fits Eugene Dixon, of
this city, which is to take place In June.
Mr. 'nidener Is a son of P. A. B.
Wldener, the traction magnate and lives
at the Wldener home. Lynnewood Hall.
Elklns Park. Mrs. George "Wldener Is a
sister ot George TV. Elklns and a daugh
ter of the late William L. Elklns. also a
traction - magnate.
Mr. and Mrs. John B. Thayer and their
sen, John B. Thayer, Jr, were on their
way home from a six weeks' trip irf Eu
rope. Mr. Thai er Is a son. of Mrs. John
B, Thaier. of Haverford. and is second
Vice president of the Pennsylvania Rail
road. Mrs. Thayer, who was aims
Marian L. Morris. Is one of the hand
somest women In this city.
Mr. and Mrs. William E. Carter, who
with their son and daughter. William T.
Carter, and Miss Lucille Polk Carter,
were on board the Titanic were making
their annual spring trip from Europe to
. Mr. Carter la a son of Mrs. William T.
Carter: 'Mrs. Carter Is one of the most
bemntlfuL of American wmnenjlrjlngrjn
fcnfope. BnV-was MUs T-ucUhrPolk, of
Baltimore, before her marriage and of the
William Crothers Dullos, who makes
his home at Goshen. N Y.. where be has
an estate called Top H1U Farm. Is a
son ot Mrs. Andrew Cheves Dullos, of
US South Twelfth Street Mr. Dullos
ulled "lth his mother for Parts January
Continued on Page Three.
"Crje Wotlb 3fcounts.
The world stands aghast at the terrible
disaster to the newest and greatest achieve
ment of the world's most famous marine
architects. Coming, as it did, at a time when
most of the 3,000 souls on board the steam
ship were asleep, many of them probably
dreaming of the pleasure of arriving home
after an absence on foreign shores, the catas
trophe is doubly acute.
Husbands separated from their, wives,
parents from their children, the scenes must
have been heart-breaking when-the awful fact
was realfzed that the thousands literally faced
Without the absolute and definite knowl
edge that all the missing are lost, there is a
slight hope that some may have been rescued,
and some homes may still be happy over the
safety of a loved one.
Pray God this hope may not be dashed 1
Standing out prominently irr this greatest
of cataclysms is the braery of the men. With
the meager news at hand of the last few min
utes on board the ill-fated ship, itis shown
they willingly gave their lives so the-women
and children might be saved.
Some one blundered I Who or how, it
would be unjust to say without a more com
plete knowledge of all that occurred from "the
time the leviathan of the deep left its dock
until the end. Probably it was due to the am
bition of the officers in charge to make a rec
ord trip, one that would put the name of the
Titanic in the mouths of millions who arc al
ways interested in such events.
It matters little now what the. cause; the
sad fact remains that in thousands of homes
there is grief and mourning. "To-all? especially
those who were so well known and so gen
erally respected in Washington, The Herald
takes it upon itself to voice the sentiments of
its tens of thousands of readers .when we
extend the sincerest and deepest Sympathy to
those who have suffered.
Owners and Underwrites
Stand, to Lce More Tham
CAfiRIED HEAVY MAIL
Tremendous Cargo axd Priceless
Genu Go to, Bottom with
London April 15. The insured value ot
fee Titanic Is $5,000,000, while her real
value Is estimated at nearer $10,090,000.
Ot the Insured value the White Star Line
ran the riikr ot the. first JTjOOOO of dam
age, the underwriters only meeUng any
claim In excess of that amount The
cargo Is understood to be worth 4L50,
000. pf the S5.000 000 at risk In theopen
Insurance market three-quarters are htld
in London and the remainder In Liver
pool, with some aid from Hamburg. All
the baggage and malls and valuables of
passengers were Insured privately. The
original rate of Insurance on the vessel
at Lloyds was J3.7S per (SOX
When the news of the disaster came
the rate Immediately jumped to P00 per
COO. On the news that the vessel was
slowly steaming for Halifax tbe figures
dropped to UM per 00.
So far as known there was no specie
on board the ship, although a large num
ber ot valuable postal packets were car
One ot the London underwriters. In an
Interview, said: "If the vessel makes
Jort the owners face a loss of at least
1750.000; in the event ot a total loss It
will be a serious matter, for the ship cost
$10,000,000 to build. Tor Insurance pur
poses her hulls were valued at JJ.090.0CO,
and tn addition there were many-miscellaneous-
Items to take Into account. I
don't suppose the owners are covered to
the extent ot more' than $5,090,000. V
' "There were, 1411 mall bags aboard, tne
pEftanlc when she left Southampton. It
is stated that the proportion of registered
packets carried was heavier 'than usual.
There were no parcels. The letters ad
dressed to Canada consisted of the usual
midweek mall from North and South
America and the Canada Islands In the
Much of the Titanic's cargo was des
tined for New Tork stores, and com-
IN USX OF DB0WNED
rhote br Birri-Ewinf.
prised the spring and summer display
of European fashions. These goods com
prised expensive laces from Calais, the
finest silks from the Far East, an Im
mense consignment ot cotton material
from Manchester, and. In addition, there
was a considerable stock of, wines.
The man jrho sent the fateful "S. O.
S." wireless call for help Is John George
Phillips, of Godalmlnr, In 8urrey Mar
coni officials say ha Is one ot the most
trusted andefflclent men In their em
ploy. He was twenty-six years of age,
and had been with them six. years. He
had operated wireless stations all over
the world and on many famous vessels.
His equipment on the Titanic poeeessed
a range of 00 miles under all conditions.
No definite Information can be obtained
here to-night as to the amount of valu
ables on board, but if Is estimated that
in addition to the private collections of
jewels belonging to the wealthy women
passengers she bad on board at least
$5,000,000 worth of diamonds consigned to
dealers. She also took a large amount
NATURE OF BERGS
Sir Ernest Shackle'ton Gives
Views on the Titanic
London, April 15. Sir Enest Shackle-
wu 4Mi;a wo iwiuiviwg iiemeui con
cerning the North Atlantic Icebergs,
prevalent at this season of the year, and
how they may be detected by ships.
'Northern bergs are formed of land
and Ice carved off from land glaciers
in the winter time. There Is a genera
break up of ice In the spring, and the
danger zone consists not only of the ac
tual icebergs, but the great floes of ice
that come drifting down nnUl they
eventually melt tn the warmer Cult
Speaking ot the detection of Icebergs,
Sir Ernest said the usual method is to
take the temperature of the water every
halt hour. Generally, also, when the
ship Is nearing Ice there is a mist, ow
ing to the difference of temperature of
atmosphere and water. If the Ice is to
the windward of the vessel, one feels
the cold air: but ery often it Is to the
leeward, and it is difficult to tell It It is
in close proximity or not
"A great many essels which have
neer been heard ot again, especially
before the days of wireless telegraphy,
have been undoubtedly 'lost striking Ice
bergs. "A ship like the Titanic might easily
strike an Iceberg and be badly dam
aged. This has been an abnormal sear
as regards the downward drift of ice
from the North. In misty weather, even
It you take the temperature every half
hour, the Ice may suddenly loom ahead.
The great danger Is not always in tbe
big Iceberg, but the berg that Is almost
submerged. When a berg topples oer
on getting Into a warmer current It lies
practically submerged In case of a ves
sel going at high speed. It is just as
dangerous to strike a submerged berg
as to strike a rock. An lceberg.of the
north polar regions has seven parts be
low water to one part above "
Star ishows where the Titanic,
aSSBBBBBBsE3M' 'K 'jVSJ?!
GULF or ct Aj
AUfY .!eT0N Jr.
W ' ' " " ATrLVfc,k9CEfA'N -
. '. 70 V CA -l . , , it " . v
I1 ' !..' I 1
was when she started to aid. ine arrow shows the position ot tut uiysipic, and tne square the location or
the .Baltic , , ' ,
FOR NEWS OF WRECK
"Jack" Binns Flashes Wireless Waves Over
Ocean in Endeavor to Get Messages
from Ship's Survivors.
Marconi station, Wanamaker's store, lew York, April 15. Then
wireless" office of the Wanamaker stores, ar Broadway and Eighth
streets, conducted jointly by John Wanamaker and the 3Iarconi Wire
less Telegraph Company, were converted into a branchoffice of The
Washington Herald to-night.
"Jack" Binns, the hero of the Republic-Florida disaster, when he
shot to the world the wireless C. Q. D. and saved the lives of more than
2,000 passengers and crew, took charge for The Herald. The office
was directed by David SarnorT, manager of this station, assisted by J.H.
Hughes, an expert Marconi operator. With every bit of energy at their
command, these men stood by their work and fired scores of messages
and capfured many concerning the wreck. From all over the coast
line and far from the interior, even to Chicago, appeals for news of the
disaster were heaped upon the temporary office.
The Wanamaker Marconi office is located on the roof of the famous
department store, and is one of the most powerful along the Atlantic
seaboard. To-night, through all of the pandemonium of wireless con
troversy and confusion that prevailed, this station managed to pick up
direct communication with Siasconsett, Sagponack, Cape Cod, Hatteras,
Sable Island, and many other stations along the coast
ITrar Vmlnt Iraal.
Faint signals, were heard from the
Olympic, but owing to the terrible con
fusion and disruption of static condl
tlonx, Mr. Hughes was unable to pick
up the strands of direct communication.
No other New Tork office was able to
report any communication -at all with
the Olympic Here are some of the wire
ltss messages picked up-
"Cape Race. Newfoundland. April 15.
The latest advices from the Olympic
state that she Is In the zone of the dis
aster.. Olympic confirms that steamship
Carpathia reported the position last re
ported by the Titanic as V.U N. and
C&1K1V. about 'daybreak. Tbe Carpathia
fnunA ont a sea. Covered with"" debris
andwnckaca and 'picked np-sVvnnmbecj
of tbe Titanic s small Doats.
The- survivors declared that the Titanic
foundered about 220 a. m. with the re
mainder or the passengers ana crew.
In the boats there were about ST3 souls.
These were saved, with some ot the crew
who manned the boats and some of the
passengers. The latter were principally
women and children. The total persona
on board, crew and passengers, num
The California Is searching in one dl
rection and the Olympic in another for
Cape Race. N. F . April 1S-3.S5 p. re
orders to cancel the special train for
passengers from Halifax to New York,
we are now Informed, means that tbe
Carpathia Is beaded direct for New Tork.
Halifax. Not a Scotia (10-0G p. m.) -Or
ders hae been countermanded for the
special train to convey the surviving
Titanic passengers to New Tork. It is
believed here that the Carpathia, ear-
rying. ine surviving memDers oi me
crew and passengers. Is trying to make
either New Tork or Boston.
Halifax. Nova Scotia (10.3 p. m.) Or
ders have been wirelessed to the Car
pathia to make New Tork If possible:
otherwise to land the passengers taken
from the Titanic at Boston, and advised
that no special train can be held tn wait
ing. Heavy Ioaa of Life.
10 40 p. m. A bulletin has Just been Is
sued by Vice President Franklin, of the
White Star Line offices. In this bulletin
he concedes that there has been horrible
loss of life in tbe Titanic disaster, and
gives out portions of a dispatch from
tbe captain of the Carpathia.
At midnight wireless messages , picked
up by this station state positively that
LS00 lives were lost In the sinking of the
The desperate efforts of friends and
relatives In this city to learn at any cost
tbe fate of passengers aboard the Titanic
was when Jtlje collision occurred; The
were baffled by- a strange and unexpect
Fog bound the city and outside Sandy
Hook ten trans-Atlantic Uners were tied
up. The wireless from. New Tork had
Informed those- aboard these Uners that
the Titanic was In peril and Immediately
the fog-bound passengers many of them
acquainted with the people on Titanic.
besieged tbe wireless stations on the
essels. From all of the ships a steady
stream of messages were flashed from
8 o'clock until after midnight, and this
wall of current completely cut off com
municaUon between the. "White Star Una
efflces here and the station at Cape "Baca.
s- Cormnn!catlOn 1m Blocked.
"It 'clocked; any "possible, comnronlcstion"
from the rescuing -ships the Olympic, tbe
Carpathia, the Virginian, and the Parts
Ian. For several hours not a word was
received by the anxious officials in the
local offices of the line.
The cause was Quickly ascertained, and
earnest requests were transmitted by
wireless to the vessels waiting outside
the Hook that they cease trying to com
municate with the Cape Pace station
or the ships at eea. The request was
compiled with, and it was hoped that
after midnight Important messages could
be put through. Vice President Frank
lin was at his office at midnight, and
said he was expecting further news no-mentsrily.
Facts About the Titanic.
The world's biggest ship.
Length. SSI feet.
Displacement, 6S.000 tons.
Tons register. 15.000.
Beam. 92H feet.
Depth, 91 feet.
Carrying capacity. 3,500 per
sons. Crew, S60.
Average speed. 2$ miles an
The cost of the great ship ran
into the millions, and she was
fitted up like a palace, with ten
nis courts, palm gardens. Turk
ish and electric baths, ballroom,
winter gardens, and "-egal"
suites. This was her first voy
age. Forelarners Made Homeless.
Steelton. Pa.. April 15. Fire to-day de
stroyed u tenement houses Two hun
dred and fifty foreigners who occupied
the tenements were made homeless, los
ing everything they owned.
circle shows where the Virginian ,
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