Newspaper Page Text
ES . &-.
f&3 43 SJrsizci t S. f.
WASHINGTON. P. C-V
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
The Herald bar tk le
momoig home circuUtkm, and
prints all the newt, of the world
each day, in addition to many
Increasing cloudiness and some
what -wanner to-day.
WASHINGTON. JDL 0.. SATURDAY. APRIL 20. t9i2. -FOBJtTEEft PAGES.
SENATE COMMITTEE HOLD J. BRUCE ISMAY
..HAVE SAVED MORE
Titanic V Steward, in
Great Loss of
, to Their
SHIP'SENGINEER, CAUGHT INDOOR,
BEGS TO BE SHOT TO END AGONY
New York, April 18. The
.Alfred Tessingcr, a first-class steward on the ill-fated Titanic, tells
graphically of scenes and incidents hitherto unpublished.
Tessingcr was one of the survivors who dung to a life raft. For
twenty-one years he has followed the sea. He sails to-morroW on the
lapland with scores. of other members of the crew, and it will be his
last trip on the ocean.
"I joined the Titanic a fortnight before she left Queenstown," he
said. "I was detailed to 'C deck, and when we started on this trip
oer I had charge of staterooms occupied by some of the most noted
people-on board. These included Mr. and Mrs. Isidor Straus, Mr. Ben
jamin Guggeriheim, Howard B. Case, Dr. Emil Taussig, Mrs. Taussig,
and Miss Ruth Taussig, their daughter. I can never forget the horror
of last Sunday night. These people, and the hundreds of others, all sit
ting helpless on the giant vessel. So .few of them were saved, too.
"I must say right here that it was no fault of the vessel that brought
about her destruction. She- was superb in every detail. But no vessel
could stand the grinding of the ice on her bottom, and with the ripping
of the plates enormous holes were made and the inrush of water was
too great to check. More lifeboats would have saved "us all.
0 ICtBCRG BULLETINS. -
The run to Cherbourg and thence to
ward the Banks wi pleaaant The sea
was calm. If any Icebergs were near I
beard nothing of It. No bulleUns re
garding them were posted on the board.
"Sunday J.fernoon at 5 jotloek tt "be-,
came' much" colder.
"At 7 o'clock dinner -was served.'-and' I
I notified ray people I remember--distinctly
notifying Mr Guggephelm. Ke
speaks German; and we jjad conversed
together. He told me he hadJjeen to
Paris, and hat this. shp. the Titanic,
was the best be bad eer sailed on.
"Until 8.20 o'clock I was busy fixing
the rooms, when at this hour one of the
passengers requested me to go to the
croquet court, with a pair of shoes. I
did this, and (hen went to the working
passage, where the stewards' quarters
"At 11J0 I was summoned to No 63, In
which there was a Mr Gee, an English
man, en route to Mexico He requested
me to go to the working passage and
have some firemen, who had just been
relieved, cease their racket. I did as
requested and reported to Mr Gee. I
was talking with George Brewster; an
other steward, at 11 j: o'clock. As we
were talking, suddenly, there came a
noise, as Is made by a row boat running
oe- a grave beach
"There was a slight shock, but abso
lutely no severe Jolt that would have
caused us worn I was suddenly aware
that tne engines hadstopped, and then
Brewster said, what do jou think
There Is Water Fonrmrd.
"I looked out Into the passageway. A
fireman was running past carrying a.
bag of clothing on his shoulders. As he
rushed by he shouted.
"There Is water forward.
"Then some one shouted:
'All watertight doors shut."
"I ran to my section, and as I passed
ET deck, where th mailing section Is. I
saw water pouring Into a room filled
witn roan bags. The second steward,
Mr Dott. was standing by the compan
lonway, and shouted:
" 'AH stewards call your people. 'Warn
them to go on deck.
"I rushed to the first stateroom, which
was Mr Guggenheim's. I pounded on
" "What is the matterr he called out.
"I said The vessel Is In danger. Get
"Is It ery serious? he asked
"Tes. X said.
"Water is coming into the mall room.
"I then awakened Mr. and Mrs. Taus
sig, la 67 and ts.
" "You had better put on your life
belts, I called out. 'and rush to the
"la It as eroua as all thatr said Mr.
."T said. -res. Hurry.
"I heard Mrs. Taussig begin to cry.
"Don't cry. Mr. Taussig urged her.
"Be brave. All will surely be all right.
i'As I approached the stateroom "c(
miss Taussig, she opened the door I
urged her to put on a coat; not to stop
to dress. She bad just been .awakened
by the uproar,. Ebe wanted to dress, but
I said: To hell with clothes. Slip Into
this great coat If you stop to dress
"I then adjusted the life belt on her
"Mr. and Mrs. Isidor Straus occupied
stateroom No. W.
"As-T knocked at the door. "Mr, Straus
saldr "What is it. steward?
"I answered. Water Is coming in fast.
The ship is sinking.
" T will get up, .but I don't think It Is
as serious as aU that,' he -answered.
"I tbeff summoned others and went to
D" deck; -where I again met Brewster:
Passengers were running to and froand
as we passed the punter's office there
were scores of men and women demand
ing and receiving their valuables. I
want to say that the water-tight doors
were shut at once upon notice of the
crash. These extended upward thirty
feet above the water tine. In the
engine room oneenfortunste, an engi
neer, had his leg caught as a door swung
LS5 Baltimore aad Return
Balttzaore and Ohio.
Every Saturday and Sunday. Good to
return until a. m train Monday. All
trains, both ways, including tha -Royal
Giving Story, Says
Life Was Due '
following statement made to-day by
to. It "was crushed and he was held as
m a -vise. Before' leaving the Titanlo I
was told bow be bad begged to be shot
to end his- agony. His wnth "was com
plied wIUu but this is 'the only shot X
know of. &
"JkrrlTdng-.at the sun deck which !
the topmost deck, Lsaj pBa&zt&M-BtJDSP''
pie' running"" to and fro. I waa Just aft
of the bridge, on which I taw Capt.
Smith. He had assumed control Imme
diately upon hearing of the accident.
The" nrst officer bad been In charge until
that time, the captain to my. personal
knowledge being in a portion of the ship
near the main salon. He passed me Just
after I had seen the fireman rushing from
the Incoming -waters.
"Boats 1. 2. and 1 were already in the
water, which by now was only thirty
feet below the topmost deck. It was HJO
by this time, and we saw the vessel was
"In the Are drill, which had never been
demonstrated on this ship, I was as
signed to lifeboat No 11. I knew this
only Tiy reading the rules. On the deck
at this time, an officer ordered all of us
to stand in a crowd and not to move.
" "Women and children first.' he said,
'and then the men.
"As fast as the women and children
nearest 'any particular boat found places,
and there was still room, a few men
were told off. Finally I saw there was
no hope there, and ran back toward the
second cabin section of the deck. Here
was boat No. 15. I aided in getUng her
aaviis swung over the side of the ship,
but an officer said:
"There Is no chance for you. I am
Th ought It All Over.
Tue boat was lowered and rowed
"I stood there, talking to Storekeeper
Relck. About half a mile away was a
massive Iceberg. It looked tike the Kock
of Gibraltar. It was fully three miles
long and extending out in the huge cliff
was a section seemingly from three to
six reet above the water. It wa Into
this that we had run, and It was this
that tore the plates from the bottom.
There wrere two main pillars of the Ice,
tbe highest about S00 feet
"As we stood looking at -this, the cause
of the disaster, a violent exnlostan m.
denly shook the entire boat. I lost eight
of Relck, but saved myself from being
thrown God only knows where by
grabbing bold of tbe rail. The vessel
seemea ip Dreak In two. The part on
which I stood went away up into the
air and remained )n that position. This
waa the stem. The lights had gradually
gone out, excepting one light near where
I stood. Several hundred men were gath
ered about me. I saw that all waa over.
"Stewart Selbert wa the nearest per
son to me All of ua had life belts on.
I said to Selbert- 'Come, we had better
get away and take our chances before
T leaped into the water and he fol-
lowea me. l swam as hard as I could
go and finally near to me I saw a raft,
on which a few men were clinging. A
willing band was extended me and we
picked -up seventeen others. A woman
was among these and I must give her
praue. i wun i -couia remember her
name. -During those two drearv hnnr.
she laughed and sang, cheering us.
The water was up to our knees.
"Nearer, My God, to Thee.
'As we- stood there the Titanic sud
denly .sank. I say suddenly, but It
seemed to be a gradual sinking. I re
member the band. Those brave men
were playing that Immortal hymn.
-"Nearer, MyGod, to. Thee.'
"Then an awrui cry arose out of tha
depths of the sea. Tbe vessel had dis
appeared. The unfortunates who found
no means or escape dotted the ocean.
AU was silent.
"Before daylight a lifeboat cama near
to us on the raft. 'WA were rescued
and taken aboard. Selbert was dead.
'Then the shout: A steamer!'
"And finally we were rescued by the
Carpathia. The Carpathia had provided
for ur comfort and each of us was
given corxee ana sandwiches.
T am through with the sea: but for
tbe heroes that stuck to their posts I
have only words of praise.
"For the captain I feel sorrowful. He
was well named. The crand oM mn of
MB. J. BRUCE ISHAY,
Chairman of the directors of the White
Star Line, who was a patsenger on the
Ill-fated Titanic Tbe fact that Ismay.
man, was rescued, while dozens of
women were drowned, has aroused con
siderable comment against the White
Star official on both sides of the At
lantic, as. It was generally believed that
nearly every man went down with
the ship, with the exception of the few
sailors who were detailed to man the
lifeboats. In concurrence, of the iinwrlt
ten law of the sea in time of an acci
dent, "women first."
"Kearer, My God, to Thee."
, New York. April 1, The names
Of flveiiglteSmenra German; and
a FSBBCBman.jroj!ownjupon Jhe. '
rtrst'roil ofhonorln the most ap
palling naval tragedy in the his
tory -of man:-
In tha list of second-class pas
sengers of the Titanic the names
r of seven areUnked under tbo ti
tle ot - oanasmen.
When the last faint hope waa
gone the seven musicians Uned
up on deck. Then solemnly and
quietly the leader waved his ba
ton, hands flew to instruments,
and over the lee-laden water
floated the strains of one of the
most sadly beautiful hymns ever
written. It was "Nearer, My God,
To their playing more than
1,500 souls passed from life.
GIVE. CAPT. BOSTBON OVATION.
Whistles Shriek as Carpathia. Re
nmti Trip to Naples.
New York. April Ji Returning to the
cruise lnterrupted-to save 70S lives, the
Carpathia, which arrived last night with
the Titanlo survivors, this afternoon
started again for .Napier She had been
In port only nineteen hours.
All craft In tbe harbor turned loose
with their sirens and whistles as the boat
proceeded down tbe, Hudson and out into
the lower bay and gar o Capt. Rostron the
ovaUon of bis life.
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Th's prj'otdgrapK was taEen bjr a passenger on board the Carpathia, who induced several of the sur
vivors to j. v for a photograph, the film, of which -".as turned over to the International News Service; as
soon as thejCarpathia. arrived in New York with its load of human, freight that was saved from the awful
fate of tbe .other passengers-who-jvent down to tbe bottom -of the ice-coyeredr Northern Atlantic,
-BY LOCAL MM
Hooters Turn Ont'iu Force
for the Opening
BIG CRO W USEES VIGTOKY
Hoise Making " Contrivance Pill
Air with Din and Stands King
With shlering breezes blowing over
the diamond at American League lark,
and with Old Sol smiling faintly from
behind 'the occasional clouds., more than
8,000 baseball fans, chilled by the after
touch of winter, but Joyous with en
thusiasm, yesterday afternoon cheered
the Nationals to victory, as they opened
tbe season in the National Capital Joy
defeating the Athletics, by a score or
The chill of the afternoon was soon
forgotten as tbe game progressed, and
as the Nationals scored run after run
against the White Elephants. Not one
run were the Athletics able to score.
and not once did they cause the local
fans any fear. The game was a fast
and clean one. and an excellent open
ing for the home team. Enthusiasm
was evident on every side. Thousands
arose en masse and cheered as the Na
tionals performed star plays. TJie same
mighty mass uttered dismal moans when
the Athletics began to rally. Cowbells
were Jangled, megaphones were freely
used, and horns were tooted occasionally,
while tick-tacks filled tbe air with
There were grave fears when the morn
ing broke yesterday that the weather
would be unfavorable, tnd that the game
would have to be postponed again. To
ward noon, however, tbe clouds began
to disappear, and tbe sun began
shine faintly. By noon those who were
undecided in tha rooming had" fully made
,tip,thetrminds totafend y.e-im. ,,By
Gates Arr Opened
The sun was one moment shlningJ
faintly and the next minute behind the
shifting clouds. The, atmosphere waa
chilly and biting Many in tbe crowd
wore overcoats. The rest stood silently,
with their hands thrust In their pockets
aud their shoulders shrugged. Soon the
time came for the opening of the gates.
The turnstiles were unlocked, and the
crowd of fans were permitted to enter.
A nub was mode, and it was with diffi
culty that the gatekeepers, succeeded In
handling the crowd.
A detail ot twenty policemen from the
Eighth precinct, under command of
Capt. Doyle, wis stationed at the park
to preserve order and lend assistance in
handling the crowd. From the-time the
gates were opened until after the game
had started a steady stream of fsns filed
through the turnstiles Into the great ball
park and selected their seats on the con
crete grand stand.
On the diamond were the platers of
the two teams practicing. Finally a bell
was Jingled and notice was given for the
game to start. E. Lawrence Fhllllps. the
one-armed announcer, with & big mega
phone in his hand, went to tbe pitcher's
box and informed the eager crowd ot the
"batteries for the two teams. Plstorlo'a
Band, which had been rendering a con
cert while the teams were practicing.
struck up "Dixie." and the Nationals
hurried from their bench to take their
positions on the field
The diamond was In fairly good condi
tion, notwithstanding the rain on Thurs
day. The field was one even mass of
green. The stands were wen niied. The
Continued on Page Eleven.
DECK OF RESCUE SHIP, CARPATHIA.
J&YED, MADE A WIDOW.
MRS. TYRELL W. CAVENDISH,
One of the unfortunate survivors of
the Titanlo disaster, who, Although her
life was saved. Is heart-broken because
of the loss or her husband Tyrell W.
Cavendish, who also gave tip Ms life
that the women and children might be
"ARCHIE PDT ME
IN A LIFEBOAT"
Miss "Marie Young, of Washington,
Tells of Aid's Heroism
By MISS -M ATI IE YOUAG.
MufJcr.1 tator to the rearer children ef fonur
htwal BooKTtlt. She bad two itadjutg nau
In Europe sad wu rttnmlag to Wiihlnctoft to
New York. April U.-"I left the Ti
tanic on the last boat. The last person
or tbe Titanic to whom I spoke was
'Archie' Butt, and his good, brave face
smiling at me from tbe deck ot the
steamer was the last I could distinguish
as we left' the steamer's side.
"Archie put me in a boat He entered
it with me, wrapped blankets around me
and tucked me In as carefully and as
courteously as though we were starting
on a motor ride. He did all this as
calmly and with as a smiling face as
though death was far away instead of
"When he had carefully wrapped me
up. be stepped back, lifted, his hat, and
" Good-by, Idlss Young. he said, luck
Is with you. Kindly remember me to all
P "Vhtto lboitTwa.lBf t
" "n.auif " " . 'oo down
at. me. His hs,t was raised and the same
crave smiie was on nia lace.
FIRST CLAIM TAD).
Buffalo, N Y , April 11. What is
declared to be the first claim paid
for Jbe loss of a life In the Titanic
disaster was recorded to-day. when
the Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company, in this city, paid. JtOOO
to a brother of Henry Sutehill. of
Buffalo, who Is believed to have
been losU No papers or docu
ments of any kind were required
by tbe company before making tbe
BREAK SAD NEWS
TO OSCAR STRAUS
teUI Cibla to Tbe WuhstcUo BmU.
Rome. April 19 News of the death of
Isidor Straus was genUy broken to his
brother, Oscar Straus, to-night by his
sister-in-law, Lucie Mamelsdorf. She
had been summoned from Parts
Rome for that purpose. Mr. Straus re
ceived the news "bravely. Later, learn
ing that Mrs. Straus had refused t
desert her .husband, but Insisted on dy
ing with him. Mr. Straus wept like
child. Growing weaker he went to bed.
The attending physician said he would
not issue a Duueun unui morning con
cerning Mr. Straus.
DIRECTOR IS HELD;
Steamship Official, Four Officers, and Six
teen of Liner's Men Are Now
SENATOR SMITH WOULD HOLD ALL,
. BUT LATER CHANGED THE ORDER
New York, April 19. New tales of cool heroism, of wonderful
faithfulness and devotion were told to-day to enhance the awful grandeur
of the Titanic wreck, and there were other-tales to keep bright a burn
ing flame of indignation against the officials of the White Star liner,
and particularly against J. "Bruce Ismay, the managing director of that
In the meantime, the United States Senate committee which is in
vestigating the disaster began its sessions at the Waldorf-Astoria. Sen
ator William Alden Smith, of Michigan, and Senator Newlands, o
Nevada, heard from Mr. Ismay his version of the sinking and from
Cap't Rostron, of the Carpathia, the part his vessel played in the hor
rifying sea tragedy.
Brace Ismay Held.
The workings of this inquiry were dis
closed late to-night, when Senator
Smith, acting as chairman of the com
mittee, at first flatly refused to let any
of the officers or tb 200-odd members of
the crew ot tbe sunken steamship get
beyond tbe Jurisdiction of the United
States Government. Tbe men were all
to have sailed Sunday on the Red Star
It was afterward learned that the
greater part of the crew would be per
mitted to sail on the steamer but that
the twelve men and four officers among
the survivors now under subpoena, to
gether with J. Bruce Ismay, would not
be permitted -to depart.
Tim first session of the Investigating
committee- as- held Tm the" east room ot
the Waldorf-Astoria, and was conducted
by Senator William Alden Smith
Michigan and Senator Newlands ot Ne
"We left Queenstown about midday
Thursday. Mr. Ismay said, "and with
TO revolutions our first day's run was 4S1
miles, I believe. The second day we
went ud to 7! revolutions and made,
think. SIS miles. The third day we made
TS revolutions and ran 54 or SO miles. I
am not sura which. Our capacity was TS
revolutions, and we expected to run at
full speed on Monday afternoon If the
weather was fine, but the disaster atop-
"Old you have any knowledge ot the
proximity of Icebergs?" the witness was
"No; I heard they were reported." was
"Did you know that you were near tce-
berrs on Sundayr
"I knew we would be In their vicinity
some time Sunday night.
The witness said he did not know what
Ume the accident happened. He was In
his stateroom at the time. He got up
and dressed and went out. He went on
the bridge, and was told by Capt. Smith
that the shin waa In serious danger.
Capt. Smith gave the order to lower the
lifeboats and Ismay left the bridge. He'
then helped to place the women and chil
dren In tbe boats. Regarding his own
escape he said:
"One ot the boats was being filled
Officers called out to know if there were
any more women to go. There was nonei
and no passengers left on the deexs. as
the boat was being lowered I got into it.
There was no JosUing. There were four
of the ships crew and a quartermaster
In the boat I was in."
Ismay to lie Recalled.
Mr. Ismay was told to hold himself
In readiness to return to tbe witness
Capt. Arthur H. Rostron, of the Car
pathia, was called to the witness chair,
and sworn as had been Mr. Ismay.
sailed on the Carpathia from New
York for Gibraltar on April 11," said
Capt. Rostron. "We had fine, clear
weather At 12-33 a. m. Monday I was
Informed by our wireless operator of the
dlstrera of the Titanic Immediately I
got the position of the Titanic, which was
latitude -U.6 north and longitude E0.lt
It was then 10 (S Sunday night. New
York time. I swung the Carpathia to
turn around after being assured that It
was an urgent distress signal from tbe
Titanic: then sent for the chief engineer.
told him to call another watch of
stokers and make all epeed possible to
ward the Titanic I gave orders for men
to knock off all work and prepare the
lifeboats to be ready for any emergency.
"To the English doctor I said to re
main in the first-class dining-room. The
German doctor was to remain In the
second-class dining-room, the Hungarian
doctor in the third-class dining-room.
Think He Satv Titanic.
T ordered the purser to get tbe Chris
tian names ot all survivors, all spare
berths, blankets, and aecommodaUons
prepared. Coffee was to be made All
hands to prepare to swing the boats. A
chair to be swung for the injured."
ConUnulng. Capt. Rostron recited In
minute detail all preparations. He closed
'The, canvas ash bags were of great
assistance in getting the children aboard.
"We were all ready at 3.2 o'clock. From
the time we got the signal until we
reached the scene, fifty-eight miles dis
tant, we traveled nt full speed. I went
on the bridge.
"At 2 I saw a flare on the wsters. I
took It for the Titanic Soon after I
made out an iceberg on the port bow.
Between 2.45 and K o clock we were pass
ing icebergs. At 10 I got the nrst boat
alongside ot us. Previous tq that I had
to get out of the way of an Iceberg
This boat was In charge of a boatswain
He sung out he hsd only one seaman lu
the boat. By this time it was breaking
day. For the area of a mile I could see
th other small boats. There were ice
bergs on aU sides. We gradually got all
boats alongside and all people on board
at 8.30. I could see we were near where
the Titanic went down. There was a
mass of wreckage, but nothing large.
There waa one boat still unaccounted
Praises Women's Courage.
"The Leland liner California came up
at S o'clock. We gave information by
semaphore. All the TltanlCs passengers
were aboard us by SJ o'clock. I called
the purser and told him I wanted a short
service of prayer, thanking Ttm for those
who were served. 2. was on the bridge.
I saw one body floating. A Ufa preserver
waa,oir.ihe. body. Itvas the body of n
man one of the crew, I should say. It
waa about 109 yards away
: "We took three dead men from the life
boats. They had died from exposure.
We took them oa board. Another man
died at 10 o'clock at night The first
three were burled at sea at i o'clock.
Everything that might lead to Identifica
tion was taken from the bodies.
"Several women seemed to have frozen
hands and feet, but they behaved mag
nificently. There was no confusion. The
women were dazed apparently by tbe ex
periences. They were qnlet and orderly
every one of them.'
"How many lifeboats did you pick up?"
asked Senator Smith.
"There were fifteen alongside. We saw
one some distance out, but it was dam
aged and had been abandoned." ex
plained Capt. Rostron. "One more we
discovered capsized In the wreckage.
"As the people came on we left the
"While we were holding the service I
got spore men and awung davits out for
the Tltanlc's boats. I brought six up by
davlta and seven by derricks. We
brought tbe thirteen Into port here."
"Did they conform to laws and regu
"Was there any swirl or unnatural
condition- In the sea near where the Ti
tanic went down?"
"No. not at all."
"What was the depth thereT"
"Two thousand fathoms."
Tltanlc'a La.t Message.
"What was the last message you re
ceived from the Titanic'-
"It was, 'Engine room nearly full
"I replied. 'Coming to your assistance.
Exnect to arrrte In four hours'"
"Who Is the master of a ship at, sea?
demanded Senator Smith.
"The captain, absolutely legally and
"On what track was the Titanic'"
"The southerly route," answered tha
"Is that a practical course at thla
Ume of the year'"
"Yes. most certainly. This waa an
unusual condition for this Ume of the
"When do you take the shortest route?"
"From September to Jsnuary."
"Hdw far north of tJe southern route
"About 300 miles."
"Do you deem the course of the Tltanln
wise and safe at this time of the year?"
Vorth Costae Called Safe.
Suppose you had been on the Titanlo
course, at what speed would you have
"Well, from the Titanic I knew there
was Ice. and I went full speed "
But you had a smaller ship. Would
It have responded quicker to an order?"
Not at alL I do not contend that for
one minute." announced Capt. Rostron.
The witness said the Carpathia carried
rne chips nowadays are built prac
tically unslnkable, ' asserted Capt. Ros
tron. "Each ship is supposed to be a
lifeboat in Itself"
'Is It customary to take orders of a
director of the company on board?" Sen
ator Smith wanted to know
No. sir. I take orders from no one on
board the ship." Capt. Rostron said.
Senator Smith said In reply. "Cant.
Rostron. on behalf ot my colleagues and
myself. I desire to express our highest
admiration for youand your conduct."
"Thank you, modestly repllffl Capt.
"Did you see any women in the life
boat pulling oars?"
"Tes; In two or three beats."
"In what boat did Mr. Ismay com
"I haven't the faintest idea. I did not
Contlnned on Page Three.
11.23 to Baltimore and Retnrn.
Saturday and Sundays via Pennsylvania;
Railroad. Tickets good to return until t M
a. m Monday. All regular tralag sajB
the "Ccngreataai lasaltatV 1
"in. i?:r-'l&ak.. BBUafc