Newspaper Page Text
THE WASHINGTON HERALD SDNt)AY. APRIL 21. 1912.
More'Jhan 400 Dogs
HODSE ;ILL PASS
' Coming Here in May
A STUDY QF D.EATtf RATE
- AT- DIFFERENT PERIODS
Entered in Bench Show
Canines -Which "Have
Countries: io Be Exhibited Dog Show Opens
Wednesday -Morning with 612 Classes.
With more.than too doe entered, many
of which have taken the highest priiei
In dogdom both On this country, Engjand,
and Germany! the second annual bench
how of the Washington Kenne) Club will
open "Wednesday morning at JO o'clock.
The show will continue Thursda, and
Friday, and will be open until 30-
o'clock at night. The Judging of the dog
wUl be continued all day lone as the
number of entries Is i ery large and there
are OS classes to be Judged
Aristocratic dogs, belonging to many of
the social leaders not only o( the National
Capital, but of Kew York. Philadelphia)
and Baltimore are to "be on exhibition.
The classes for toy dogs are particularly
large, about 100 of the-little beasts having
T(ic bulldog exhibit will be the largest
of an) breed Nearly forty of these dogs
will be shown. The Boston terriers will
run their bigger brethren a close race,
however. In the amount of Interest
The bench show committee has an
nounced that there will be a large num
ber of breeds In the coming show which
were not entered in the last show.
Among them are Scottish deerhounds,
fcchipperkes, Chesapeake Bay dogs, grif
fons, Manchester", Dandy Dlnmonts, Japs,
und Maltese aogs.
Mnn3 Pomeranians In Shur
The largest exhibit of Pomeranians
ever shown In this section has been pro
vided for. and dogs of high degree of
this bred are coming- not only from
"Washington homes but from luxurious
quarters In Philadelphia, New Tork, and
Among the dogs which are sure to at
tract much attention Is Endcllffe War
rior, an Irish terrier. Imported by R. "M
Olirer. of Pittsburg which defeated
everything in the Irish terrier line in
England Another dog with an Interna
tional reputation which will be shown is
Mannele. a daschshund, owned by Mrs.
J H. Cox, of this clls Mannele won a
diploma and the highest honors at the
daschhund speclalt) club show In Han
over. Germany In 1318. and will be shown
for the first time In this country since
The classes for Alrdales. cocker span
iels, arid Irish terriers have been well
filled, and keen competition is expected In
The complete list of exhibitors. SM in
Frank II Addjman Daltni I".. Edirsnl Alte
ram. Waditatton D L . llln B g. Andrews.
Hraipttead. Umi Itlaod It roold ritta
bms. I'a ilhs Edw ttkma. (.enuantosm Pa.,
Sirs. E- b. Arii, Blonminrton Del
Mrs. B W Btr. Waahlnston. l C Ilobrrt W
Barahhser. I'biladelpfaia ra Mn R H Budr
I' Oil lltjr I'. James I lUrbin. riltbuis.
la. J F Brail. VVashinfton V C Beazlrs
Bclraj Nrw Irak car Herman Brominz fbB
m-wt r Mrs. J II BisrhoS WashinstOD D C .
JIr Rirkle Washington D C Kirl Bjunnan
New Jmri I A Bojle W nhindon D C ,
Jrtin Boars Craflon P. Heland Tot ten Booth.
VtaAirstwi I C A E. Unntr Coopersrille.
MiHi. Edw U Ifcsrr Ceansntowii ra Boston!
Kenn-N TliGma4on Conn Mrs E. C Braden
lirs VVashii zton D C Jin. James K Bradley
Visshinst n. D C Or Jamei K Bradley wash
inslon I l.us Rraliler Waahtntton D C .
llta Edsina E. Brunnrr rhnadrlahi Pa TV n
Hush Bloomincton, DeL. Joseph A. Bnchsnan,
Ambler P. E. B. Rnrritt Whtaton D a
Junes F Orlm AbuMrii. V Mis Catharine
i antral. WasMnston. D C Myron II Cady.
U.ihinjlen. D C, 3!me. Catharine. VTashiniton.
V C Miss Locdsr Cany VVashircUm, n G. E.
B Chase Kington Pa. Mra, W T Chantland.
Washington. I C ChampUIn Kennel. Fort
i" surma, X Marria KaUierlne Charon
arfirc1m l C J Brainard Clark W.shliur
a I C C Lor, ttaahinzton D C Colraine
KnimU, bcldrn Va, jrln Taunton Cooledie
VAatliinston, D C It M Convaj tVashlnston,
l C Itichanl and Vondorlh Crawford Iljatts-
Tiiie aiu ut it. i Aoos uanlnton, II C J
1 L Colllni CnmOFrhnd. Md. Iln. W F
Conneen. Washinxton 17 C CotUje Kennels,
iianrooers: - 1 H l-ordrer CambrkUe
I1L lira. Thornton O Crown Waibinston D C
Cmmraall KenneU. Patiburs. Pa. Andrew J
tummlnjv Cherr Chase Sid.- AUrrton Cuhnun
Alnntrn II C it Cunningham, Albanj
J ephine M DarMwin Torresdale. Pa Ah Del
mont Deitm. Pa.- F 8. DelaSeM Lnnr ..
Iwis L. D f ort Catconille lid., CoL Thomas
innj -ew ten uti ilra. J M. Iecker New
lrra h WW onnara. IHxAndale ta A Dlf
reO Leerbarc a John Dietschler Buffalo. N
1 frank F Hole New Haren, Conn. Llord A
rKndass, Wanulncton Idw P Donaran. WaOi
injton Dr C. E. Dnrnbelm, Washlrzton VIn.
iMainee inmn uasntneton
Mn. SaramH T Earle Baltlmnrr lid. Fl H
Ehnch. Nw otk Citr Sirs. J E. Eierrtt Wash
iPSton Lieut. Hornsbgr Leans, VVashinston Mrs.
u ix trans uashtnston.
Sin F O Faber PhUadclnhla Pa. FVank M
Hole Washinxtnn Mrs. O E. Flnsel. Wash-
incrnn Gliomas Mnnle vvaanlncton J E. yitVl
Vl'-xwde Jld sirs. He Bernardsrille J
Albert fl Freeth. Sew Tork J 1 rrothing
tiaro Boston Mass.
II It Gannon. Sitter Srinz Md. Mrs. Louis
irunl wasnlrffton Olanmolr Collie Kennels.
siemnbis Trnn fl . .lerie llrynathrn. Pa.
I.nftcn kennels North firafton Mass., H Z.
l.rrer BalUmorp Md.
Mn Helm Gcrdon. Washington I F Green.
sieisnnna a tltln II (,miK. llttsburz. Ta.
Mrs E. A. Gncsenheimer Ilaltunore lid.
Edward A Harris Washington Dr James E.
Hair Bridreport Conn. J R. HadsrU. Blnshamp-
Aimer u Hareorn. washlncton
Dunean Uendenon. Washington J D ltenninc
nnancli! Md. Charles A HMrrr Washington,
PsuT F Hoanriuupen. TUltlnorp HiL. I n
HoeJord. Chapel Hill Mrs. Frederick D Holden.
-ew ion ciarrnm u Holland Washington, Mrs.
Hungerford. Bajt Shore Long Island Mrs.
trj Hunter Sallsburg. Conn. Rawlins Hume,
ttasningion i-nanes Hume. Washington
Imna Kernels. West Slmsborg Corm. E. H
Ingwersen Chicago, InwaU "Kennela, liilford Tiki
Mr Honrj O Jartoa. aVashingtnn. V ill tarn B
Jones West BnringMd. Mass.. Mrs. RJehard II
rarlM r Ketarla Jr Washington Walter L.
unwell tvasninnon L. KM well Uashlcgttm
Mrs. Irene A. Kirbr Washington. Harrr D Kirk
o.e- Buffalo. N T J R Klrkpatnck Chatta
ncoja. Tenn. John. Kohlbrenner. Hrrmilm. S T.
r. S. Leonard. Washington Gtorf R L.
Illich. Baltimore Md.. Catherine Lotus LiUancr
Washington Miss Natalie Somner Lincoln Wash
ington Henrj H Lore. IVathiniton Lorraine Ken
nels. Brookrrn. N T . Mrs. J H. Loer Louis-
Thomis C Malone Washington Wralt T Majer
ATattrr N T Jfra. W W. llaeLmd. Phils
delphiv Pa. Mrs. M I Manes, Washington Le
Rot Mark Washington Mrs. Isaac P Mann.
nasnlagton. A, C Moses. Washington, A. K
norland. Cumberland. Md., John J llonon. 'ttash
lngton Dr H W MoOU. Washington; Mrs. Win
lam H. Moses Washington. William. B. Moore
Washington Mn B. A JIurpCT Waarinrtoo,
Mi i. P Mjtn Washington. J C. McLain.
.. Washington, Mrs. M. J McEUresh. Washing
ton D W MeEnety Waahington W W Me
rSDr Waahington James HaU MrKennej sec
end Washington. Mrs. Angus McSween. Wash
nairnd WNreler Nercomh. Brthe! tli. nit
jrorth Newmcnh, Betheada ltd.. Beagles .Sethrr
Jand. Guttenbcrg N J Dr II J Nlchol, Wasn
Janes M O Connor. No-folk Va.: tdwant
O Lean Annapolis, Md.. R. M Oliser. Pittrburg.
Mrs. 1L Ostabout, Washington latitat UrKrr.
J. J E. Parrtte. Waslihuton: W T. Pajne.
Ktrgrton. It,P J llsnt. Waahington.
Mrs. Rol A, llsinej Hirolgtou Long lslsd
Dr Arehlbald a Uandolrh. CharlottesTtllr, .:
Miss Bloaaora Reed Washbgton, Miss K. B. Rilej
Washington Mrs. E. ltoy Rottt. Washington: Miss
Anna Ross, Dalton, Pa.
Richard Hand-is. Washington; Mrs. G E,
Schmidt. Chicago. IIL. Edward 3. Schmid. "Wash
lngton, Mme, Fritzi Rcheff esr Tork; F J on
Miwerftner Annapolis, ild.; Mrs. George Selti.
Waslungten Mrs. ? G. Sherwood, rw York; J
E. FheMon. Washinxtca: Dr. W B. smiman.
Washington. Rarmond Slarrn, Wsshlojrtcn: lira.
John T. Sjarm. WsUilnrton Mrs, Alden Rrooot,
Washingtoo. W. .aj Smith. Richmond, ta . R. C
Amftb Washincton; Mrv William H. Sash.
Washington- Kncnce lirothm Pjttaburz Rann.l
S. Snesr Washrngtcn P.J Stuhmer. Bladenshnrg
Md. wmiam H. Steles. Jr Walrrtown, 8. Dak .
Hohrt K. rarawhrtlgf. Brjn Mawr. P.- W SI
Stephenson. Atlanta. Ga ' lira. WBIlam W
SteTens, AVa'ngtcn. W J Sulrran Cindrmstl.
Ohio SotherUnd Coffla Kennela. Vcrfca. la.
F t Fnairan Washitgon lira. II L. Swlgavtt,
t.ashlnaten Swiss llonnUia Kennels M-sJtw-br-nk.
R H Tano'tt, Wsiilcgtco. Tatiasa Secsda.
-A-fofcrr- - f..Y&i
Won Prizes inr European
sole Ft3 Jsmcs H Thomas. Washington: J. R.
ThcmdUr. Boston. .Man. , Trent Kraoets, Trrnbxi.
N. J : Tniedi ltmirmiaoi Vtw Vert; T. F.
Tuohx, Washington. Lonls Turner Jr , Washington J
Jlsrr Winthnwt Tnrnrr. Brooaijn, r.. 1., Jan.
Lonia Turner. Washinctim-
X Uivlrrwood, Wtshingtoaj tUmutl Uotcrraejrr.
lOEiers. &, i.
lirknr KemKls, Glcncoe. IU.; Takdsks Kennels,
James F Wagner. 'Baltimore. Md-rllrs. Wstrrs,
Washington; Urn J. W. W sis worth, jr.. Waahing
ton, G. D and E. If Wagner. New Tort) Misa
Ida M. Wagner, Washington; Albert A. waller,
WaaUnftca-Mra, Charles A, Wataon Washington:
J. C. Wseka, York. 1H.; Dr. C. & Weeks,, Waah.
inglon, W. Howard West. WrMott, Pa.; B. U.
Weeks, wasunstcn w. u lbb. cnetr unase,
Md.; 8. Bonsai White. Baltimore Md.; w. J
WMtir-ilge. Medwar Mass.; E. 8. Whiting. Wash'
ington: Walttr Williams. Nazareth. Pa : Wind'
bolme Kennela, Islip, Long Island- Wlnderboorns
Kennela. Waahington, Emon- 11. Wilson, Washing
ton, Baisbridga Wilson. Thmlorln- Va.; Mrs. E.
II. Wilson Washmrton; G E. Wilson. Waahing
ton, airs, ssunacx uaner stasningion, airs, start
ler Williamson. New Ton. ranstopoer
SneinzSeld Ohio- F G Wrlle. Washington.
Mrs. a lUlstrad fates. Oak Bridge, a.. E. A.
Toung, rUtsfleW. Has.
FROM ARMY BANDS
Board Pormed to Examine Organiza
tions and Keoommend Im
provements. The United States army has gone In
for music All along the army has had
a little music here and there, with a
band marching at the head of a column
on the field or playing In the stand In
front of the house of the post com
The army band In t quite up to the
standard, however. In tho Judgment of
the military authorities, and the edict
has gone out that there must be better
music and more or it. It Is doubtful
It any musical organization anywhere
can outplaj the army Dana wjicn it
comes to ragtime, but this doesn't .quite
measure up to Gen Wood's Idea of roJII-
tary airs, nor Secretary stlmsorrs taste
for classical music. I
Gen "Wood lives within a sXone's throw
of the band stand nt Fort M)er, where
there have been some concerts latel,
and Secretary Stlmson has heard the
fort aiver Dana penorm uurms a. num
ber of special military drills. So the
have decided urxm Improvements.
Orders were Issued yesterday forming a
board looking to this purpose This board,
composed of Col Stephen C Mills. In
spector general, Capt John F Madden,
and Capt Charles F Payne of the Twen-
ti -ninth Infanto Is ordered to meet at
Governors Island. N V. to examine
Into the organization and Instrumenta
tion of army bands and to consider the
desirability of establishing a school of
music .n the army, for the training of
bandmasters, band musicians, and field
Frank Damrosch and A. A Clappe, two
noted musicians, have consented to assist
the board In Its operations, and members
of the army bands at Governors Island
and other places will be called In before
the board The army authorities see no
reason whj they shouldn t have a musical
organization to compare with the Presi
dents own. the famous Marine Band
Commissioners Urge Substitution of
Director of Schools Find
"Too Much Politics."
Believing that the Board of Education
ruled by politics, the District Com
missioners, In a bill sent to the Hous
District Committee lesterdav,, urged the
abolishment of this bodj on July 1
next As a substitute for the board, the
Commissioners urge. their own direct gu
pervislon over schools and the iippoint
ment of a director, at a salar of $7,000,
to act as their representative
The Commissioners report sajs
"When the 8 stem has been Installed
It will be possible to ascertain the cost
of the operation of each Individual
school, group of schools, or the school
ssnm as a whole. At present. It Is said,
the at dltor's office has no means of se
curing information as to the distribution
and expenditure of supplies for the
schools. By reason of the results obtain
ed from the reorganization of the ac
counts It will be possible 16 make ac
curate comparisons on the cost of educa
tion with other cities where similar con
PHAISES TITaUnC MAIL CLEEKS.
l'oatuinatrr Grnernl L. flS.OOD
Ench for Tfirlr FnmUlei,
Postmaster General Hitchcock yester
day addressed a communication to Rep
resentative Moon, chairman of the House
Committee on Post-offices and Post
Roads, recommending that a provision be
Inserted In the pending post-office appro
priation bill authorizing the payment of
JiOOO. the maximum amount prescribed
bj law for payment to the represents
fives of railway postal-, clerks killed
whllo on dut, to the families of each
of the three sea postal clerks who lost
their lives on the Ill-fated Titanic
The bravery exhibited by these men,"
said Mr. Hitchcock, "in their efforts' to
safeguard, under sucn trying conditions.
the valuable mall intrusted to them
should be a source of pride to the entire
postal serv Ice, and deserv es some marked
expression of appreciation from tho gov
ernment." When last seen by those who survived
the disaster, the three clerks John S.
March, William I Gwlnn, and Oscar S
Wood were on duty and engaged with
the two British clerks In transferring bass
of registered mall.trom the ship's post
office to the upper deck.
An officer of the Titanic stated yes
terday that when he last saw these men
they were working in two rett or water
Lnnndrrnun la Tone 1 ictliu.
New Tork, April 10 Song Lee, a Chi-
nese laundryman of Coney Island, was
murdered In a Tong feud In the rear of
his shop to-da. A revolver was grasp
er1 In the dead man's hand, and all -the
furniture- In the room was overturned.
showing that the Chinaman had made a
fight lor life. The ract that JM0, which
had not ien molested, was found In
the ahop Indicated to the police that the
crime was a Tone murder.
Murderer' Laat "Words,
Eddnille. Kjr.. April 30. "I reckon
this Jar will shake out my false teeth."
said Wlllard Richardson, a murderer, as
he waa strapped Into the death chair to
- - r4MLj?i's&$s&mil sasak i-!ti.'a'ass.
Speaker Clark Says Eepreaentatives
Will Demand Safeguarding of
Life on. High Sea.
That a conference between the. na'
tfona of theVworld fprthe purpose of
enacting universal legislation Tor the
safeguarding of human lives on th
high seas may be the outcome -of the
action' tnltsn by the Senate committee
Investigating the Tltanlo disaster, was
the declaration of Speaker Champ Clark
last night In an address at the ban
quet prcolumbja Lodge, No. 171, L. A.
.. 11 a !.& St?w TJ.S.KI. '
"Just aa soon as we can set a com
mlttee to repo"H favorably, the Hous
us nevicscuaiiiva Will aj . swT
Vidlng that tio ship shall sail from an
American port without being provided
with anniiffh 11frnRta nnit other abDA-
ratus to rave'every human life on that
ship." declared the Speaker.
"It Is" raid truthfully that some, que-.
lions tnai come oeiore v.onsrcs are pu
lltlcal. but I btllev'e 93 Pr cent of the
questions are matters of business of ths
nation, and it Is certainly the business
or the? lawmakers of thlsnatlon to safe
guard and protect the lives of Its citi
zens. ' "Enough lifeboats to save every humarj
life Is the aim of the House, and In ad-!
dulon the measure will provide tha
every ship clearing from an Ameri
can port shall be provided with
every device known to modern Invention
recessary to properly protect passen
gers and crew. It may require an In
ternational agreement lo accomplish this
purpose, but Congress will see to It that
the lives of. the citizens of the United
States are. not Jeopardized as were those
on the Titanic.
"I know of no legislation that has been
enacted without a dlrefct cause Until
men began stealing horses In t Missouri,
there was no law providing punishment
for that offense. A disaster on a rail
road In the suburbs of Washington not
many years ago, you will recall, resulted
In Congress enacting legislation looking
to the prevention of another accident of
the same kind. The Titanic disaster has
shown Congress the ned of new legisla
tion, and It will not be long before that
1-Sltlatlon will be enacted."
DOES NOT BELIEYE
IN DNWRITTEN LAB
Society Leader Says Prominent Men
Should Be Saved Before Im
Baltimore April 50 Mrs Alexander
Preston. Baltimore soclet) leader and ar
dent anti-suffragist, does not believe In
the unwritten law of the eea women
and children first"
"A man Is a more valuable member of
a community and of a nation than Is a
woman," she said to-day I believe In
looking at the thing In a cold. Impartial
"Why should a man like MaJ. Butt
Jiave to die with the Titanic to save an
"Pneldrnt Charles M. Hays, of the
Grand Trunk Railroad, was by the taw
of tho survival of the fittest lbs ablest
man ot the inousanus who worst ior nisi
road Any ot these thousands of men
was worth more than n woman
CoL Astor was a man of power I
bellrve that eveo man on t)va( boat
whu died did what he thought best
They were heroes in eveo sense of the
word They regarded obedience to the
unwritten law of the sea to be their
dut) But the law Is wrong '
fnceresU President Ilns.
Montreal. April JO Wllltam Waln-
wrlght. senior Vice President of the
rtranrf Trtinlr T)nlImflH haa hn an.
pointed to tske temporary charge of the!
railway system, following the death of
President Charles M. Ha)s lost with the
Titanic The appointment was an
nounced to-day by Arthur Smlthers,
chairman of the board of directors.
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Who Trill take the jilace made vncnut ly the elrmtlii
conlo tn the c-nrdlnalate.
CYCLONE KILLS 3;
BLOWS TOWN AWAY
Several Small Towns Suffer by
Tornado. Which Leaves Devas
tation in Its Wake.
Guthrie. OVIa, April S Three men
were klhed and the town of Ilennes) was
practirall clrstro.ifil by a c) clone late
this aft-rnoon. Twentv-flvr houses were
blown down at Perr and numerous
farm h"Usi- were destrojid
In the town of Hennes), Okla , about
flftv houses were blown down and two
people. Mrs. Mao Homes n widow,
and an unknown woman were killed
Between twenty five and thlrt houses
were blown down In rem Okla.. and
It Is known that man) were Injured
Several houses were blown down at
Hayward but no deaths or Injuries were
The town of Ap a small village near
Ilennesj Is reported to have been blown
ana), but thrt cannot be verified i u
kon fourteen miles west of Oklahoma
fit j. Is also reported to have suffered
eafKHT.lJfitTrKtfKWTflitt noniaTutciua orcwwiutiL'ULDcaj.
njs n, .. a")-
of liar. Fal-
CAPT. HADDOCK DID
HOT SEND MESSAGE
Olympic's Commander Vigorously
Denies Sending Wireless that He
, ' Was Towing Titanic.
riymouth. Kngland April M. Capt.
Haddock, of the hlte Star liner Olym
pii a sltrr ship of the sunken Titanic,
arrived In r"t on his hlp to-dis and
the first thing he did was to deny In
the most vigorous language that the
report that the Titanic wa being towed
toward Halifax h the Allan liner Vir
ginian had. originated on the OI)mpIc
Tpon receiving word of the disaster
by wireless Ae ruhed toward the ecene
at the maximum speed of twenty-five
Lnots an hour, ' -aid Cipt Haddock.
'But hn we arrived at the spot where
the liner had foundered we raw nothing
of any bodies or wreckage
"I never sent an wlrtle message
fnylng that the Titanic was t fng towed
toward Halifax bv the lrginlan Such
a mrwjgt, was never relaytd lv this
u svmj t-ntc
n 1A .s X TsAL. I
Progress of Medical Science in This Direction Is
- , Outlined.
According to life insurance statistics
tjie annual death rate per 1.C00 population
has been .reduced since 1X80 about SOtper
cent. This1 has been largely due to the..
educat'on ot the masses as to the 'causes
and the prevention of disease, and especially-
so as to the Infectious and com
municable diseases, viz. Diphtheria,
smallpox, typhoid fever, tuberculosis,
and also to the great diminution in In
fant mortality by teaching .mothers how
to properly care for and to feed their
It is only a few years since an educa
tional campaign was started by cne
newspaper to check the foolhardy deaths
and injuries from Fourth of July-eelebra-
tiuns, and the annual deaths have been
reduced from S In 1903, to ST In 1911,
The campaign In New York City to
rtduce Infant mortality by education and
the Straus pure milk stations have low
ered the death rate from 227 in 1305
tc IS In 1511.
err Cavntpalftn Xeedetl.
A more aggressive educational cam
Ilgn will give still better results The
above figures are very significant, for
there are stilt remaining preventable or
postponable diseases aga nst which a
war has been waged, .and these disease's
have been and art 'still steadily increas
ing Why should the death, rate per
r.OOo population la 4 he United States
snow such a heavy Increase above the
age, of forty during recent years, while
It has actually decreased during the same
period In England and Wfiles''
Can there be any local reason for this
excessive loss of American lire?
Chronic diseases kill half of the peo
ple who die In the IT nlted States or
about wl(W annually Half of .these
that Is. 375.000 would not die If the aver
age health were as good as thirty years
ago The enormous Increase In the mor-
Jtallty rate from chronic diseases has es
caped the attention of doctors because ot
the notable decrease In the death rate
as the result of a decrease In the
deaths from acute; diseases so great as
to more than equal the increase In
deaths from chronic diseases
The actuaries of prominent life In
surance companies assert that the mor
tality from chronic disease has doubled
In the last thirty ears. While medi
cine has accomplished wonders In re
ducing the mortalltj from acute disease
it has signally failed In the prevention
and treatment of chronic diseases
statistics show a very marked Increase
in the death rate above the age of forty
from arterlo-scleros's, heart and kidney
disease apoplexy, para!) sis and the
other degenerative dlreases common to
middle life and, old age against which
no warfare of prevention has been
waged, although thev are to a very great
extent preventable or postponable dis
eases If d scovered and tlmel) treated.
Is the cause of the premature wear
ing out of the North American due to
strrnuoslt) the struggle for and the
worship of the almlght) dollar. Intem
perance In eating or drinking, tobacco,
alcohol. fi.c Isn t a life saved from
arterlo-clerols, apoplexy neart or kid
ney disease. Just aa valuable to the
communttj as a life saved from tuber
culsosls typhoid fever or accident?
As arterlo-aclerol" causes the ma-
ENGLISH SOCIETY AND ONE
OF ITS GREAT INSTITUTIONS
The surprising announcement that Lady
Beatrice Cecil eldest daughter of the
Maruuls of balisbun and her intimate
friend Miss Angela Manners, one or the
twin daughters of Lord Manners, are
about to devote themselves to hospital
work by adopting the profession of
trained nurse, calls attention to the fact
that there are a number of wealthy per
sons who feel that their lives more or
less are spoiled because their riches pre
vent them from finding an outlet for
borne xoclet girls, after the glamour of
their coming out has worn off, grow
weir or the unceasing round or gavcty
and become envious or the more serious
lives or their less well to-do sisters
Not that the have a desire to enter
Into competition with thi.sa who have to
earn their livelihood There probbalj
would be a great outcrj were the to do
o But the more energetic ones deplore
that If thc ore to exercise their ibllltl"S
at all It can lie done as i hobh only
In the realm n irt there are at least two
members.of the roval famll) whose work
were It put upon the market, would com
mand high prices.
The Duchess of Anolt t Princess luisa.
aunt of King George) Is hlghl) gifted as
n sculptor and a profound student of the
htstorj of architecture She knows to
dav more about applied ornament than
the average art teacher
Princess Marie of Schleswig Holsteln is
an expert in enameled Jewelrj und speci
mens of her work which hiive been exhib
ited pnbliclj hive called forth the hlgh
The Duchess or Rutland has long been
distinguished for her portrait drawings,
tipd manv of her friends possess speci
mens of her work Her daughter. Lnd
Marjone Manners has Inherited her
mother s talents In this direction, and
has often been an exhibitor of sculpture
nnd pemll drawings at the New Gallerj
She Is also a clever dressmaker and de
signer Another duchess who had made a repu
tation In the art world Is her grace or
Buckinghamshire An exhibition or pic
tures rrom her brush recently was held
at a gallerj In the Ha) market A num
ber or them were sold on thit occasion,
but not In the ordinal- way or trade,
tho proceeds all going to charltlks Her
grace las nlo written a number or
books In verse and prose for children,
which ire th delight of the nurseries
The Duchess of Somerset Is a notable
painter In water color and has produced
some delightful landscapes.
Iidy Maltland has few equals as a
miniature painter. On visiting America
bhe was lionized, nnd was offered more
commissions than she could possibly ex
ecute. The Speaker or the House or Commons
la a master ot water color, and. Judging
from the vast number of works he has
executed, ne must devote most of his
leisure to the purault of his hobhj Some
of his sketches depict portldns of the
gardens at Campsey House, his seat In
Suffolk, the borders, banks or no7
hocks, delphinium and peonies forming
favorite themes for bis brush
Sculpture has many votaries among so
ciety people, notable umong whom are
Countess Gleichen, Ijidy Colebrooke
l.ord Albemarje.-ard Idy Wemjss The
first named has won fume In many coun
tries for her work In bronze and plaster
ltd) Colebrooke maintains - studio In
Parts, near tho uuai aursa), wnere ene
does most of her work.
Soclet) vocalists who are capable of
earning big Incomes', but who never slug
outside the. circles or their Mends ex
cept for charities, my be counted by the
score. I o memior amy a irw, juere are
Ixird Shaftesbury and his sister. Lsdy
Maud Warrenden and Lady Duffrrln.
The drama has exponents of no mean
Jority or all deaths after fifty.'' it being
really immaterial whether you call It
apoplexy, paralysis, heart or kldnty dis
ease, the underlying pathological con
ditions are In all the cases the same,
excepting only those cases of heart and
kidney disease that are the sequelae of
rheumatism or scarlet fever. Therefore,
assuming that, arterio-tclerosls Is the
nost common cause of death after mld-
um u&c sua iiusi is IB tricijr pr
ventable disease, or at the worsu a
postponable,, disease, a brief allusion, as
to IU causes, prevention, and treatment,
aa In this disease the ounce of preven
tion Is more than worth the poutfd ot
The causes of arteriosclerosis are
manifold Among the most common are
the degenerations of old age, vhe stren
uous life. Intemperance in eating and
drinking, an excess of meat diet, intes
tinal Indigestion, gout, rheumatism, to
bacco, alcohol. &c
Tobacco is the most extensively ued
narcotic poison; tfie annual 'crop is es
timated at X 000 000 tons. Tobacco is
considered a cause of arterlo-scleros's,
of functional and organic heart disease,
and of certain forms y of blindness.
As nearly all alcoholics, are first ad
dle t-d to the immoderate use of tobac-
Leo. and as tobacco U a sedative poison.
ana aiconoi is a stimulant poison, tna
use of one In a measure counteract the
effect of the '"other on the circulation,
and therefore tobacco may be regarj
asMne of the causes of alcoholism.
A committee appointed by the French r
ro eminent reported that tobacco was
possibly dangerous at all ages, and 'espe
cially so In youth. Legislatures are pass
ing laws to restrict the use of the weed
to adults, and corporations! will not trust
cigarette smokers with responsible posi
tions. The record of Yale College for
eight years showed that the nontobacco
users were per cent taller than the
mokers. 15 per cent heavier, and had P!
per cent more lung capacity
Tobacco Increases the excitability or
the heart by a direct action on Its nerve
ganglia. The spinal nerve become af
fected, a staggering gait and swimming
In the head are prominent symptoms of
Its poisonous action. Nicotine Is a most
active poison, resembling dydrocyanlc
acid in the rapidity of Its fatal effects
Eight drops will kill a horse two drops
will kill a dog It affects both the heart
and the blood vessels, this being espe
cially the case In old smokers Nicotine
retardj the absorption of oxygen by th
blood, and the nervous and arthritic
are said to be more susceptible to Its
poisonous effects It Is thought that
tobacco lessens the resistive capacity
nnd renders the organism more suscep- r
tible to Infection, especially tuberculosis.
Our modern club life, with Its highly
seasoned dishes of rich animal foods,
alcoholic drink and sedentary habits.
Is the recruiting ground for our hos
pitals, sanatorlums. and asylums.
Alcohol Is a frequent cause or arterio
sclerosis and or the degenerative diseases
of middle age and old life
Intemperance In eating kills as many
as Intemperance In drinking, and "verifies
the truth of that trite old adage "that
a great many people dig their graves
with the teeth Early recognition of
these degenerative diseases ot the old
and middle-aged is of vital Importance,
us forewarned Is forearmed, and preven
tion Is alwavs better than cure
order In Mi Muriel Wilson, Mrs. WUIle
Jame the Duchess of Westminster, and
her Bister. Princess Pless One society
woman who actually Joined the ranks of
professionals waa Lady Constance Stew-art-RIchardson,
explorer and hunter,
whose barefoot dancing at the Palace
Theater created quite a sensation some
The Bank of England which is in three
London parlshev. and which now Is ap
pealing respecting its taxrates, enjoys
many prlviles.es such as issuing bank
notes and acting as the agent ot the
government for the national debt But
only few are aware that the bank also
has the right to sell beer without a
license This privilege was granted to the
bank in Its charter of incorporation
under the British great seal, dated July
IT, 1891 Therefore, if the Bank or Eng
land should take the notion to open a
public hotis (saloon) In Threadneedle
street, or to deliver beer with Its carts
from house to house In London, there is
nothing In law to prevent the new enter
prise Just think of Bank of England
ale' with tho cnhler s signature on th
label of eaeh bottle guaranteeing its
The assessment of the Bank of Eng
land has formed the subject of com
plicated legal researches In recent years,
since the pansn of St Chrlstopher-le-Stocks
had raided its share from 50,000
to Vt.O0O a. year Part of the Bank of
Kngland is sltuited In that parish, but
the remaining portions are in the par
ishes of St Margaret Lothbury and St.
Bartholomew-')) -the-Exchange. Its only
fellow -parNhioner in the first of thst
three named ivsrlshes being the Royal
Exchange, part of which Is within the.
boundary of the parish The whole as
sessment has been raised from a total ot
T30CO a ear to 110 000, meaning an
Increase of rates paid b) the bank so far
of 10 000 unnuall)
Having control of the parochial ma
chlner) the bank heretofore assessed
Itself at M0 In St Christopher-le-Stocks
but with the union of parishes
act now In operation, the corporation of
London increased that assessment to
50,000 a )ear which means a further
Increase In the other two parishes pro
portionate to the enlarged valuation ot
vhe rate-p.i) ing buildings which have been
acquired In that v Icinit) by the mammoth
Two veteran brethrtn of the old Char
terhouse have passed away In London.
One of them Mr Francis Esplnesse. rec-
IsPllected Sir Walter Scott Thomas Canip-
bell. and Wordsworth the other, Dr W
B Kemshead was a man or considerable
scientific ablllt) and an inventor or note
in Great Britain.
Mr Esplnesse. who was eighty-nine
) ears of age. was the son of a welt known
French Immigrant, who came to Edin
burgh about 1TS9 He entered the British
J Ing the ten )ears he remained there be
came well acquainted with early If. whom
he assisted In literary research In connec
tion with the editing of the "Letters and
Speeches of Oliver CromweU."
He also was on Intimate terms with
George Henr Lewes. George EUot, John
Forster Lord Beaconsfleld. and many
other men ot fame and letters. He him
self was a noted contributor to many
Journals and the author of books of
sketches and recollections
He was one ot the oldest brethren ot
the Charterhouse, and lost year, as one
who knew Thackeray well, was elected
to present a besuquet of flowers lo Lady
Ritchie, wlien the attended the anniver
sary celebration dinner at the Charter
house Two cf his sisters are stilt llrinj
at Edinburgh. rLAVTSr.
tOx.-jrtiM, 1SU, by Court Gossip SyifcaU.)