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THE WASHINGTON HERAIJX TUESDAY. APBIL 30. 1915,
THE WASfflfGTON HERALD
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TB WABBlJTOTOir BSRJLLD
Kw Zafc Bepns-sUtl, J. a TnLBKBOWS
BTECSAX, AOEiCT. Brsnrrlek Bauiliag.
Chlsva BnresmUUrs, A. B. KXATOB. Til
Hsrtfcrt BoOtos. t
TUESDAY, APRIL SO, U12.
H i3v3lly conceded that the
jw3ies to be Mlvb f "Massachusetts
'Hfdty '9rtflttMfeje:rdaI point of
-SriML... njgqfec: Republican
party for the Presidential ij Tiination.
The result is almost likely ?be,he
last word for both sides. If Mr. Taft
secures a majority in the State his re
nommatTon is assured beyond a doubt.
The moral effect of his victory will
easily secure him the less than loo dele.
gates necessary to complete his ma
jority in the national convention. More
than this, he will have demonstrated
his strength as compared with that of
his opponent in a manner to justify his
selection as the standard-bearer. Roose
velt apparently realizes the full sig
nificance of the outcome. He knows
that if he cannot carry Massachusetts
upon a popular vote he might as veil
abandon all thought of his own nonv
ination or even of defeating President
Taft He would undoubtedly continue
the struggle, but it would be against
Massachusetts belongs in the cate
gory of almost certain Republican
States. Occasipnally, as when it sup
ported Butler upon the greenback issue.
it wanders away from the paths of con'
servitism, but it repudiated Bryan, and
the free silver issue. Since 1896, with
the exception of last jear, it has given
overwhelming Republican majorities.
Mr. Taft carried the State in 1908 by
110,000 plurality, nearly 30,000 more
than had been obtained by Roosevelt in
4904. It is true that in 1910 a Demo
cratic Goernor was elected, but in the
tote for Congressmen, based upon
Congressional districts, the Republican
two jears ago only lost one district as
compared with 1908. The Democrats
now hae four Representatives instead
of three. The vote to-day will be by
Congressional districts, and unless there
has been a great change in public opin
ion President Taft ought to poll more
votes than his opponent. The Repub
lican Congressmen from Massachusetts
without a single exception are sup
porting Mr. Taft, and they must surely
reflect the sentiment of their constitu
ents. Some of them, like Mr. McCall
and Mr. Gardner, represent rock-ribbed
The chances, therefore, are in faor
of a victory for President Taft. de
spite the energetic and spectacular
campaign made by Mr. Roosevelt Both
candidates have made the State a bat
tie-ground, and they realie that much
depends upon the result It has, un
fortunately, been a contest in which the
real issues have been clouded and ob
scured by personalities, so that the
voter is called upon to decide between
men rather than principles. It is a
pity that this should be the case, but
even from this point of view, Mr. Taft
is not at a disadvantage.
Massachusetts is the Gettysburg of
the preconvention campaign. Upon its
ote lo-day largely depends the issu
ance of the war.
law Is Supreme.
Organized Crime vs. Organized So
ciety. What's the answer?
In the United States it answers itself
by the recent Hillsboro affair; in Lon
don, about a year ago, It is shown where
the anarchists were driven from their
lair; in Paris, The Herald cables show
that when the issue came to the -front
nothing was allowed to stand in the
way or prevent the enforcement of the
jaws of the land.
These three instances; are mentioned
because of the notoriety given them by
newspapers and because they are typi
cal of the power some desperadoes
Ca3y tt&ixe they possess.
1 Saeh examples show the futility of
LrtA ineSvWual or body of men trying
,- break or ignore the laws of so-v.-itjy
and- should hae an effect on the
Mictions of that class who look upon
organized government as something to
be. antagonized. For a time the law
breaker may go immune, but the min
ute organized society in the shape of its
servants sets a price upon his head, it
is only a matter o'f time- before he is
Again, referring to the three ex
amples mentioned above, the fact is
apparent that those directly concerned
as law-breakers were either ignorant of
the power of those that obey the law
or else they fancied themselves secure
because they had been allpwed to rest
in peace either through laxity of law
enforcement ,or .perhaps .. somev local
It is a lesson to all evildoers and also
one to those who are held responsible
for the law's enforcement. It shows the
folly of any attempt to defy society,
and the necessity of that society to en
force tits regulations strictly and irru
partially before the would-be law-1
breakers look upon themselves as being
outside the pale of the law.
The Titanic Memorial.
Rare in its 'felicity is the inspiration
of the womanhood of America to per
petuate in bronze and marble the mem
ory of those who perished in the most
tragic marine disaster in the history of
Leadership in such a noble cause has
rightly fallen upon the wife of the
President of the United States. As
"the first lady in the land" she has her
self contributed the first dollar to the
cause, and has opened the campaign
which is bound to be nation-wide in
scope and certain to be the most ef
fective tribute to the chivalry of the
men who died aboard the Titanic that
their woman kin might live, that could
We of Washington are proud that
the memorial is to be erected here-
where it rightly should be, In the Cap
ital of the nation. We are proud that
the women of the city are in the fore
front o'f the movement The names oh
Mrs. William Howard Taft Mrs. John
Hays Hammond, and Mrs, John Hay
need "no introduction to the women of
the United States. Their support alone
insures the success of the campaign.
(Washington lost Maj. Archibald Butt,
Frank D. Millet, and Clarence Moore
in the disaster. Many of the great
cities of the country were robbed of
some of their best blood when the Ti
tanic went down. The women of these
centers will doubtless be responsive to
the inspiring call sent out from the
Japanese Suspicion of England.
Japan is, at the present hour, not so
much concerned with the development
o'f American good wjll as the preser
vation of the spirit of her pact with
England. She is betraying real anxiety
over the strength of the alliance under
the grueling strain of Russian aggres
sion. When the compass of British
self-interest moves Tibetward, the
Nipponese fear that the pact will be
come a stumbling block in the way of
ambition and will be torn up as so
much tissue paper.
Says one influential Japanese jour
nal: "Our ally is no longer faithful
to its professed principle of the preser
vation of the territorial integrity of
China. She connives at, aye, she iews
with perfect equanimity, the Russian
encroachments upon Mongolia, for she
knows that the Russian absorption of
Mongolia will furnish excuse for her
doing the same thing in Tibet"
Japan calmly helped herself to Korea,
and if Great Britain covets Tibet, she,
of all nations, would be the most
hypocritical in interposing objection.
The Nipponese declare that the Anglo
Japanese alliance guarantees the terri
torial integrity of China. But if the
Island Empire has reason to doubt the
entire sincerity of her ally, it is because
she sees her own carefully laid schemes
of self-aggrandisement mirrored in
Japan's absorption in Chinese de
velopments means that she is willing to
cultivate American friendship assidu
ously. That hardy annual of ours, the
war scare, has little excuse for exist
ence at present whether located in
Magdalena Bay or elsewhere.
THAT "JELLY WOBBLE" DANCE.
After ait It is possible that the "Jelly
wobble." the latest dance fad in Wash
ington, was not Intended as a reflection
on Uncle Jim Wilson's administration of
the Department of Agriculture.
Bunny hugs and turkey trots are dis
turbing Washington society greatly. And
this Is going on under the very shadow
of the national building where the houses
of Congress sit In legislative watch over
the moral welfare of this great and good
nation. What have those houses been do
ing with their sacred trust?
A new dance that threatens to eclipse
the "turkey trot" and the "bunny hug" Is
entitled "the- Jelly wobble." This Is
enough to make one quiver.
The bunny hug, grizzly bear, angle
worm wiggle, and turkey trot were start
ling enough, and who would have sus
pected staid old Virginia, home of the
stately minuet to Invent such awful
things as the "fuzzy wuzzy" and "terra
The trouble with the turkey trot is
that It does not know when It is sup
The turkey trot Is to be barred out of
Washington, but It la probable that some
other things which are Inimical to the
Interests of the people and destructive of
moral standards will be permitted to
maintain headquarters in that city.
The Jelly wobble dance Is no new thing
to those who have had to escort a friend
home from the late banquet
La Crosse, Wis, man died dancing
"the grizzly bear," thus affording th
coroner a chance to display originality
in making out the death certificate.
A new dance Is called the "JeHy wab
ble." It appears that- the animal king
dom Is low exhausted.
Washington Is going to drive out the
turkey trot but it Is likely to retain
tome things equally as bad. No city ever
gets rid of all that Is undesirable.
Alice Roosevelt Longworth has been
dancing the "bunny hug" and the "tur
key trot" The father of his daughter Is
not to have all the limelight to himself
II Mistress Alice knows herself.
That turkey trot episode demonstrates
that TB.ii not the only one of the
family who can stir up Washington.
IX TVVXs BLAST.
See the crocus. In- the park?
Bear the dogwood's distant bark;
Hear the shad man's plaintive cry?
Smell tbe'sew-made rhubarb pie?
See the Easter hat go by?
Jiotlce shortcake on the bill?
Feel In ?ied of some good pill?
Smell fresh palnt across the-'way?
See the baseball teams at play?
Want to go-a-Ashing, hey?
"Uncle Pennytrlie Saysi
And now the "baseball otipmlsts are
claiming that It Is better to do your los
ing early In the season.
Pampered Too Much.
"Tou are always worrying," remarked
the baseball magnate.
"I have to be careful not to produce
anything too heavy," explained the the
atrical manager. "You know, I have to
cater to the tired business man."
I don't let the tired business man
worry me. Be roots with the others
when he gets to the ball park."
April noli" History.
April 30, Ull Five- hundred suffragettes
chuck rocks at the lord Mayor's man
sion In .London and finally break a win
dow. April 30, 1MT Tennyson takes a chew of
tobacco and finishes "The' May Queen."
Their Relative Importance.
A Oreat Author, one of our recent
best sellers, went abroad last week. This
Is the way the procession formed to go
up the gangplank: t
- Great Author.
Great Author's valet
Nondescript dog of unknown breed.
Great Author's wife.
The bluebird sings a springtime song.
Doth much entrance;
And then the robin comes along
And does a dance.
rlaln English Will Do.
"These baseball writers certainly em
ploy a wealth of slang."
"Tea; but It doesn't take much slang
to describe the game when the home
On the Kerosene Circuit.
"They say that actors are very super
"Tea; I know personally of several
stars who consider It unlucky to play to
an audience of thirteen people.
THE CAUSE OF APOPLEXY.
Ilnlrs for Those "Who Fear an At
tack of the Disease.
FVoo the Tooth's Companion.
The word generally means a sudden pa
ralysis caused by the rupture of a blood
vessel in the brain; It Is popularly called
a "stroke." It Is a result of a softening
of the arteries that often follows primary
hardening or aterlosclerosls.
The disease is a common accompani
ment of old age, ao common Indeed that
It Is regarded by many aa the one char
acteristic senile change.
It Is not confined to old age. however,
for man comparatively soung men who
hare gone too fast and too far In the
pursuit of wealth or who have met with
reverses and have worried unduly over
them have hardening arteries and are
killed or disabled by apoplexy.
In their hardened blood vessels there
may be softening spots which, bulged by
the hyraulic pressure of the blood, form
little aneurisms. A little extra strain on
the vessels, caused by some violent emo
tion or the lifting of a heavy weight or
running to catch a train may then rup
ture one or more of these little aneurisms
and so let the blood pour Into the brain
If the blood escapes rapidly and in
large amount It causes Immediate loss
or consciousness and paralysis; if the
blood escapes gradually and In small
amount It causes either severe headache
and tingling and numbness In one or
more of the limbs, or progressive loss of
power, gradual dulling of the mental fac
ulties and ultimate unconsciousness.
Apoplexy Is not always fatal: Indeed.
complete recovery without any paralysis
sometimes occurs. The sufferer's immedi
ate fate Is commonly decided In to or
three days either he dies without regain
ing consciousness or his mental faculties
gradually return. He Is then seen to be
paralyzed In either arm or In one leg,
or In one side of the face, or In all three.
Jn less serious cases the paralysis less
ens, the facial expression becomes normal
and the limbs regain their power. Even
when tho paralysis Is permanent there Is
almost always more or less Improvement
for some weeks after the stroke.
Apoplexy can be treated onlv by the
physician, but those who fear an attack
can do much to avert It Quiet and calm
should for them be the rule of life. They
should never make any severe muscular
effort They should never run for cars or
climb stairs quickly. They should avoid
hearty meals and the drinking of much
fluid, even water, at any one time.
Wrltlnc Pare Enclish.
To write English with purity and pro
priety! In the eyes of those who derive
their knowledge of good usage mainly
from manuals which profess to set It
forth, such a thing- as expressing one's
self with absolute correctness Is hardly
within the realm of possibility. The coun
try swarms with educated prigs who are
ready to prove to you that all the classic
autnors of our speech abound In errors,
sometimes in gross errors. Not one of
these authors, ancient or modern, has
been able to produce anything In which
some superior person, versed in the lore
of the latest text-books on propriety of
usage, is not able to point out numer
ous lapses from the cure and nrfot
diction which the critic is confident that
ne displays in nis own utterance. Pro
vender of this sort dished out In schnnln
Is naturally Imparted to the rest of the
community by the graduates of those
schools as soon as they occupy the teach
er's or editor's chair. Idioms and con.
structlons, employed unhesitatingly by
crcry sreai uusur or our speech are as
Have we not been told again and again
that none must never be used as- the
subject of a plural vtrb; that whose must
never be used as a relative to an ante
cedent without life; that the superlative
degree must never be employed in the
comparison of two; that an objective case
cannot properly follow a verb in the
passive voice; that the dreadful neolog
ism of would better with the Infinitive
should be substituted for had better?
These and similar assaults upon correct
and idiomatio diction. Involving as they
do Ignorance of the lanma as well i
of the literature, are regularly perpetrated
unaer me pretense or maintaining the
purity of the speech. The hapless vic
tim of such Instruction cannot take up
a single classic- author In our tonrue
without finding him doing the very things
wnicn ne nintseic is told cannot be done
with propriety. With these splendid fail
ures before his eyes, what hope can the
raw and untrained school boy entertain
of ever oelng able to write the language
Br GEORGH FITCH,
Author of "At Good Old 81 wash."
Toronto Is a Canadian city with Tan-
kee habits and a British accent It Is
located Just across Lake Ontario from
these domains, and would be an exceed
ingly handy neighbor from whom to bor
row eggs and butter and things of a
morning if it loved us, and could be
Induced to tar's down Its spite fence.
Toronto has nearly 700,000 people, dearly
all of whom are busy. This Is neces
sary because of the Intense Toronto de
sire to catch up with Montreal, wnicn
had a century's start and now has 00,000
people and a leisure class. Toronto Is a
young town, and Is so full of hustle that
the dazed Englishmen who visit It lose
their breath while watching It grow:
and yet compared with Chlcagogs and
Kansas Citizens and Oklahomen and las
Angellcans,. Torontots only move on the
second speed and seldom cut out their
mufflers, except when talking against
Toronto can be distinguished at first
glance from an. American city by Its
polite policemen, its postage stamps, and
the nags over Its public buildings, It
has ornamental street lights, a booster
organization, real newspapers,, actual
packing .houses, .and almost skyscrapers.
But It also has some un-American fea
tures. Including a good city government
a branch bank on every corner. Instead
or a drag store, and a population which
assays about 300 golf caps to the thous
and. It uses American trains. American
locomotives, American toothbrushes, and
American tourists In large quantities,
but adheres to British clothes, and sings
"God Save the King" at the end of
every baseball game for loyal as To
ronto Is to Oreat Britain, It can't seem
to worry down cricket as a national
Toronto prides Itself upon lis clean
Hgr. Thomas J. Shahan Addresses
National Catholic Women's
League at Event.
The fifth annual congress and banquet
of the National Catholic Women's Clrcls
was held at the Shorcham last night
with Mrs. Rsphael Leo Shanafelt acting
as toastmlstress and Mrs. James J.
Cooper as presiding hostess.
Blessing was pronounced by Mgr.
Thomas J. Shahan. rector of Catholic
University, who was guest of honor
Mrs. Magaret L. Coope, president of
the circle, extended greetings to the
members and guests. Toasts were re
sponded to by Mgr. Shahan on tho
Catholic University Summer School.
Mgr. William T. Russell on art in church
music Very Rev. Dr. A. P. Doyle on
Christian unity. Rev. Dr. Charles War
ren Currier on Spanish America, and
Rev. Dr. John M. Cooper on "A Goal and
Anions those present were Mgr. Thomas
J. Shahan. rector of the Catholic Uni
versity of America. Mgr. William T.
Russell, pastor of St Patrick's Church;
Very Rev A. P Doyle, C 8. P., rector
of the Apostolic Mission House; Rev. Dr.
Charles Warren Currier, Rev. Dr. John
M. Cooper, Rev. Father Shandelt- S. J ;
Rev Eugene Da L. McDonnell, S. J.;
Rev Father McNamara, Rev. James
Smyth, Rev A. J. Van Ingiegenis, Rev.
A. M Mark. Rev. Father Conroy, Judge
William De Lacy, Gen. Pedro Nel
Osplna. Mrs. Nellie Fealey. Senator H.
F. Ashurst and Mrs Ashurst. Mrs. A.
E. Murphy. Representative Ben Johnson
-nd Mrs. Johnson. Thomas J Donovan
and Mrs. Donavan, Miss Caillnan, Capt
and Mrs. Margaret Coope. Representa
tive Joseph Taggart and Mrs. Taggart
Dr John Milton Gltterman and Mrs. Gil
terman. Miss Mabel Knight Miss Agnes
Daly, Miss Lillian Connell. Mrs. Sarah
Andrew. Miss Ada Mansell. Miss Fannie
Harkne. Miss Grace Marvin. Edward
Cunningham. Miss Fannie Sillers, Miss
Helen Giancy. Miss Madge LuckettMlss
Anna Maisak. Leo A. Roier, Miss Agnes
Malxak. Miss Mary Kemp, Ilss Olive
Gibbons. Mrs. E A. Alexander. Dr. R.
A Neale. Mr. and Mrs Remore, J. L.
Holland and Mrs. Holland. Mrs. E. M.
Donohue, J. F Donohue.tMlss Mary Fax.
Miss Poull, Miss M. Bosch, Miss Mary
B O'Toole. Miss E Healy. Miss Fisher.
Herbert Andrew, Mrs Margaret C. Lohr.
Mrs. M L. McCartney. Miss Agnes Daly,
Maj B. O'DriscoIl. Miss Catharine
Hurlihy. Miss Mary A. Dliger. Mrs.
Henry Hull, Miss Rose A. Dugan. Miss
Anna Tuohy, Mrs Charles F. Salb. Mrs.
J. F Mulhare, Mr. J. F Mulhare. Miss
A. C. Lyman, Miss M. L. Lyman, Mrs.
P P Mullett Miss C Dillon, Miss K.
KIrby, Mrs. Mauptn. Miss Ann Orr. Miss
Babbitt. Mrs. J A. Davis. Miss Bessie
MeMahon. Mrs. O'Hearne, Mrs. John
Roddy. Miss Ethel Roddy. Mrs. Albers,
Miss Throckmorton. J A Davis, Miss E.
A. Sullivan. L. R Jones and Mrs. Jones,
Raphael Leo Shanafelt and Mrs. Shana
felt Miss Jennie Bailey. Miss Helen
Langdale. Mrs. Emma Butts. MIs Mar
garet Flynn. George Beauregard and
Mrs. Beauregard. Miss Margaret Beaure
gard, Miss Blanche Beauregard, Mrs.
Moran, Miss Mamie Kearney. Miss
Geagan. Miss Kribs. Miss King. Miss
Lancaster. Mr. Smsllwood, Miss Hussey,
Miss Wedenmeier. Miss Jennie English.
Miss Mary English. Miss Julia Welsh,
Mrs. Kathleen Crowley. Miss Miller, Mr.
Borchard. Miss Hannon, Mr. Doyle, Miss
Taggart, Miss Marque, and Mr. Fln
negan. PRESIDENT YUAN
SPEAKS TO COUNCIL
Pekln, April 3. At the opening of the
advisory council to-day. President Yuan
Shih Kai delivered his first Presidential
message. It was in the form of a speech
at the opening session of the advisory
council, which is the provisional senate
of the new repuoiic
The President stated that the principles
of the Government must ba maintained.
They call for the maintenance of order
lu all provinces, the steady progress 01
the nation, and the preservation of ex
ternal friendships, which, the President
said, are necessary to the existence of
China. He expressed his gratitude to the
foreign powers for their peaceful and
Just attitude toward China, and he
urged that all foreigners be treated
with friendship and candor.
Senate Is In Illaht.
London, April J9.- That the Senatorial
committee probing the Titanic disaster Is
acting within Its 'recognized authority In
detaining British subjects to testify be
fore the committee in Washington was
announced to-day by Sydney Buxton,
President of the Board of Trade, In Par
liament to-day. He added that none of
the British subjects so detained had
made complaint The English Inquiry
directed by Lord Mersey will hold Its
Erst sitting Thursday.
nailed as Prophet.
Paris. France, April a. A Hindoo boy,
fifteen years old. Is being hailed here
as a prophet The Theosophlst of whom
he Is the head, declare him to be the
procurer of the ultimate master.
streets, fine buildings, and its colleges.
There are six colleges and universities
In Toronto, and the young student can
take bis choice of fourteen styles of
architecture and several American Greek
letter fraternities. Toronto Is Canadian
with a big, loud "C" and its newspapers
breathe forth such undying hostility to
Uncle Sam that It Is a wonder we can
sleep nights on this side of the lake.
They firmly expect to see Canada annex
this country before the middle of the
century, and are trying to make a start
In the process by annexing the pennant
of the International Baseball Lague.
Toronto Is a lively city for six days In
the week, but like alt Canadian cities. It
expires at midnight on Saturday, and re
mains a pallid corpse until Monday morn
(CbpjnsM, VS. by Grans lUUisw Adma.)
THE PEOPLE'S FORUM
Why the Philippines Should
Hot Be Given Independence
To the Editor: Apropos of the pro
posed bill for the granting of Philippine
Independence, It may not be out of place
to examine a few of the statements ap
pearing In an article, reprinted In the
Congressional Record for April & by the
Hon. Manuel L. Quezon. Resident Com
missioner from the Philippines.
Contending that they should Immediate
ly be set free, the Commissioner asserts
that the Islanders are capable of self
government, basing the assertion on the
fact that there are enough Intelligent
educated, and cultured Filipinos com
petent to fill the political offices. This
argument Is not new, being first ad
vanced, in fact during the early days
when our President wss Governor of
the islands. Gov. Taffs answer to this
argument Is as potent now as It was
"We are the trustees and guardians of
the whole Filipino people, and partic
ularly of the ignorant masses, and our
trust Is not discharged until those mass
es are ghen education sufficient to
know their civil rights and maintain
them against a more powerful class, and
safely to exercise the political franchise."
But the present government of the
islands, Mr. Quezon Interposes, Is no
more than an oligarchy, and at that a
foreign oligarchy Would not a. native
oligarchy be preferable?
Decidedly no. What the ordinary na
tive becomes in the hands of his brethren
of wealth, and culture is well evidenced
by the system, originating during the
times of Spanish misrule, of "caciqulsm."
A Filipino oligarchy would have no
further aim than, by keeping their un
enlightened subjects In a state of con
tinual servitude and Ignorance, to make
possible the perpetustion of their own
rule. An American government, on tho
other hand, is In sympathy with Ameri
can alms, the training of the Filipino for
his future role of popular aelf-govern-ment
Nor does the argument that a Filipino
oligarchy would "be hailed with de
light" by the natives carry force. The
rank and file of the Filipino people are
so poverty stricken, so Ignorant, so de
void of knowledge of everything that
Is going on around them that they are
In no position to comprehend anything
beyond their Immediate needs and per
sonal comforts, much less matters of
government Ask a native from the
provinces, him whom the demagogical
orator has stirred up by emotional ap
peals to his sense of nationality, what
he hopes to galri by Immediate Inde
pendence The answer will probably be
to the effect that when that mliennium
is attained he will secure from the
government a corticate of some kind,
which, placed In his pocket, will exempt
him from all further labor
Mr. Quezon tells us that his people
are as ready for self-government as are
our own; and as proof of this conten
tion he likens conditions In his land
with those In ours The objection that
the Filplnos have no common language
he tries to parry with the thrust that
neither have we.
"Do the Pennsylvania Dutch speak a
language which the Minnesota Norwe
gian, an East Side Hebrew, or a Boston
Italian can comprehend?"
The Resident Commissioner seems to
forget that what In his land is the rule
Is In our land the exception. Were our
land like his, populated with scores of
heterogeneous tribes having no common
language, and few common alms, we
should Indeed be In sorry plight; nor
could we under such circumstances long
endure an Independent nation. It Is
manifestly unfair to compare the United
States, containing smalt Isolated re
gions where English Is not the prevail
ing tongue, with the Philippines, where
there Is no -prevailing tongue at alt.
Similarly, the objection that "the
FUlplnos largely live In huts and are
children in farming." Is met with the
counter-charge that these conditions
prevail also in America. This reply needs
but to be stated before an American
acquainted with the Philippines to make
apparent Us absurdity. Life In our
land under Philippine conditions would
There Is another potent argument
against the establishment at this time
of a native government The Ameri
can forces experienced great difficulty
In estal Ilshing order. Savages had to
be subdued, brigands captured or an
nihilated, the various warring tribes
pacified. Were we now to leave the
islands in control of a native govern
ment chaos would again ensue. Mr.
Quezon quotes Gov. Gen. Forbes state
ment that under American rule. "120,
00 savages, whom nobody before has
ever, been able to deal with or bring
under control," now live under an order
ly government How long, then, under
a powerless native regime, before the
Moros would again overrun the Islands?
Advocates of Immediate Independence
should go slowly. Our government Is
committed to a policy which from Its
very Inception has looked forward to
the ultimate Independence of the Islands.
In the meantime we are Improving the
mental and material condition of the
natives with the double purpose In view
of placing them on a higher mental
plane and emancipating them from their
condition of abject poverty. When they
shall have at length attained tho ru
diments of a civilization, when they
shall have obtained the elements of an
education, when they shin have- beeoms
FRANK LIBBEY & CO
A win4tw gliZM. (Npli!t), $1.25.
Pair kliiis, Mi. 1, $1.25.
v tars, itifc 4 tH-hil. thick, $1.51.
MftMiig, 1H stylis, It t fitf.
Pretty muff 1$, aiy size, $3.10.
Newels fer stairs, 5x5, tie.
Balistcrs fer stairs, Sc sack.
Sixth St. and New
STATESMEN, REAL AND NEAR.
Tou can get a first-rate line on the
personality of Newell Sander. Junior
Senator from Tennessee, when you learn
that h has been a constant reader of
the Youth. Companion, never missing a
copy, for fifty years. Ha admit. It and
looks the part His face Is one) of those
wide, smooth-shaven, benevolent comfortable-looking
one such as are com
monly worn by men who go in for the
simpler things of life and enjoy a good
game of dominoes or parchest He looks
like a man who ba. never owned a pair
of shoes .that hurt him. and who would
be good at guessing charades, working
rebuses, and finding the hidden facts In
a picture puzzle.
Moreover. If you were to frame up a
mental picture of a man who would get
rich by making plows, the picture would
fit Newell Sanders. But he digresses
from form when It comes to his political
side. One would be slow to take him for
the sagacious political manager that he
Is. For several years he has been the
main steering gear of the State Repub
lican machine, and has kept the machine
nicely lubricated with money right from
his big plow factory. Though he is here
now by appointment of Gov. Hooper, to
succeed the late "Bob" Taylor and the
first Republican Senator from Tennessee
in more than thirty years Sanders Is In
reality here by his own effort In tile
last campaign he gave half his wakeful
hours ana 115.000 In money to the Repub
lican campaign. The result of his ef
forts was the election of Hooper.
Sanders' greatest ambition is to make
Tennessee a Republican State. He thinks
that a man who has had the good fortune
to clean up a couple of tons of money
should do what he can for the general wel
fare. And according to the Sanders no
tion, switching Tennessee over to the Re
publican column would be such a grand
contribution to the public good that the
benefactions of Andy Carnegie and John
Rockefeller would seem as useless as
When he started to the University of
Indiana, at the tall end of the 0s. San
ders wore a plain suit or nomespun that
had been raada by -his mother at their
home a few miles away Several mem
bers of his class laughed rather boister
ously at this outfit and one fresh young
chap even went so far as to take hold of
the sleeve and examln the texture of the
goods, and express wonder that his tailor
dldn t have such stuff In stock.
Sanders turned to him and remarked:
"I'd like to lay a bet with you that If
I keep my health, some day I'll have
more money and be able to buy more
blamed clothes than the whole daggoned
class put together."
And he has come mighty close to mak
ing good on the assertion. He says that
incident of the homespun suit has done
more to spur him on than any one thing
he knows of. The feeling of malice to
ward the rest of the class wore off be
placed upon a footing of economic in
dependence, then will the time come
to think of political independence. Our
country has given every evidence of Its
purpose, when that time arises, of deal
ing with the Filipinos as she has dealt
with the Cubans, give them their free
dom to work out their own destinies.
Until the arrival of that time, Filipino
public men who place the Interests of
the Islands aboe their personal smbi-
tions win do well to co-operate with.
rather than oppose, this benevolent
policy. DAVID TIINEJ.
U. 8. MrI Otarmtarr. WuUnctoo. D. C
Sailors Threnten Strikes.
Liverpool. April 3. Maritime labor
troubles approaching the threatened In
ternational Seamen strike of last year
may grow out of the Titanic disaster.
Union seamen and firemen here to-day
passed a resolution refusing to sail on
any essel unless a union official is pres
ent when the agreement Is signed.
Makes Home Baking Easy
No other aid to the housewife
b so great, bo other agent so
useful and certain in making
delicious, wholesome foods
The only Baking Powder
Royal Grape Cream of Tartar
Mm Atom Mm Umm Phmvphmtmrn
York Ave. N. W.
fore ha was. through college. bot-;JeTsj
stuck In the back, of his head a teach
that It would be a lot of fun and" satis
faction to show sm.
Ha nudged through collage by wortdn
at odd times In a book .tore. When b
was graduated, he bought the store on,'
credit Just in time to be caught in ths
panlo of Tt And he had neither money
nor prospects. So he got married, se
lecting a girl that had been In his class
all through college. A. rapidly as he
would earn a dollar or two, she would
save It and gradually they got enough
ahead to go to Chattanooga, where ho
started his plow factory in a room S
by 40. That was thirty-four years ago.
and Sanders has had only one vacation
In all that time. He could easily hare
afforded to take a few days off and take
In an excursion to Atlantic City, but he
says he derived mora fun out of stay
ing on the Job and thinking how indls
penslbls he is.
Senator Lee S. Overman of North Caro
lina has a colored maid servant that has
been In his family sines the days of
slavery. She Is a loyal servant and
thinks' that "Mahstah Lee" represents all
that is best in humankind.
When Overman was running for tho
Senate the first time. Mrs. Overman had a
telephone connection with the legislative
chamber at Raleigh, and got the news
of each ballot as It was taken. The old
colored mammy didn't know what a bal
lot wss. but she caught the Idea that
the more Overman got the better his
wife was pleased. That night she was
overheard praying aloud in her room-
"Oh. Lawd." she said, "take Mahstah
Lee In the hollow of yo' han and Jes
covalrhlra with them 'ere ballots, what
evah they Is, and make him get dan."
Representative Thomas Butler of Penn
sylvania Is absent-minded at times when
he gets to thinking about something im
portant A few mornings ago he came
down to the House and confided to a
friend the awful thing that happened to.
him the night before.
He had started to bed. but puttered
around a long time, and finally his wife
asked him what was keeping him up so
"Can't find my nightie." replied Butler.
So his wife get up to help him hunt It
"Why. Thomas Butlerr she exclaimed,
with impatience, "you've got your night
Representative J. M. C. Smith of
Michigan Is one of the physical giants
of the House, ranking after Ollle James
and Dan Anthony His colleague. Sam
uel Smith, also of Michigan. Is one of
the smallest members. So Representa
tive Sloan, of Nebraska, has applied the
Mutt and Jeff sobriquet to the Michigan
Smiths, and it seems destined to stick.
(Corrrljht. aa. J3j Fhd C Kellr an njfcta in
serted.) FOUE MINERS AfTR KILLED.
Fonr More Mlsslnir in Alabama.
Fesr Black Damp.
Birmingham. Ala.. April 2l Four men
were fatally and four others seriously
Injured, while four more are missing
In an explosion that wrecked the third
right entry of the mines of the Roden
Coal Company, at Man el. in Bibb
It Is feared that black damp has spread
through the mines. A large number or
iren who were working In the mines
were marched out In safety
State Convention Starts.
Colorado Springs. Colo . April 3. The
State Democratic convention went Into
session here at noon to-day, with ths
followers of Champ Clark claiming E03
delegates. Only six delegates came with?
Instructions to vote for Gov. Wilson.
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