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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
The Herald has the largest
morning home circulation, and
prints all the newi of the world
each day, in addition to many
.Fair to-day; to-morrow unset
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Yesterday's temperature Maxi
mum, 76; minimum, 56.
WASHINGTON, D. C. SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 21, 1912:-!FOURTEEN PAGES.
U. S. MARINES CUT
Delayed Dispatch Received at State Depart
meht Tells of Battle on Road to Gra
nada Insurrectos Fire First Shots.
A tielnverl cahlepram from
Nicaragua, describing an attack made by 1,200 rebels on a column of
American marines and bluejackets has arousea tne state uepanmem,
which tried last nieht. but unsuccessfully, to secure further details.
According to this cable, a battle was fought between the Ameri
can nayal forces and the rebels at Barranca, fourteen miles south of
Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, and an equal distance from Gra
nada, a city of 18,000 inhabitants, which the marines were marching to
rebels open Finn.
Leaders of the rebels refused
forces of oacification. and when Admiral boutherland ordered the ma
rines and bluejackets to proceed they were met by rifle fire from the
rebels. Re-enforcements are reported to have been sent from Managua
to the support of the handful of Americans.
The temper exhibited by Mena and his ally, Zeledon, former Min
ister of War under Zelaya,"has led to the belief that they persisted in
their intention of offering opposition to the progress of the Americans.
In that case an engagement has taken place, as Admiral Southerland
and Maj. Butler made it plain that
they intend to proceed to Oranada.
While the strength of the rebel
force before them is not known,
there is every confidence expressed
here that there could be but one
outcome to a clash between the op
EXPECT TO HEAR OF HG11T.
While Admiral Southerland, it is
known, has undoubtedly made
every possible endeavor to prevent
any bloodshed, something which he
has succeeded in doing thus far
since the Americans landed m Nica
ragua, it is not believed for a mo
ment that he would tolerate armed
opposition by any Menistas. Con
sequently, officials here are pre
pared to learn by dispatches to-day
that the American torces have been
obliged to fight their way to Gra
nada. At the Navy Department it was
stated that the absence of dispatches
should occasion no surprise. Ad
miral Southerland, it was pointed
out, was by this time away from
his base, with no means of sending
any message to the United States
except by courier, the telegraph
lines being either destroyed or in
the hands of the rebels.
Hard to Commonlcntr.
If he has reached Granada It Is be
lieved he will send a courier to San Juan
del Sur. which Is the cable station of
Nicaragua. If he has not yet reached
Granada It Is thought he will have sent
a courier to the American Minister at
Managua. The only route of telegraphic
communication out of Nicaragua from
the capital Is by land line across the
country to Blueflelds. on the east coast,
or else by messenger to Corlnto, where
the naval vessels can send by wireless to
San Juan del Sur. The Blueflelds route
Is most unsaUsfactory. as Is demon
strated that it took nearly three days
for Admiral Southerland's last message
to reach Washington. Naval officers ex
pressed the opinion that there might be
ord from Admiral Southerland unUI
The necessity for the American forces
reaching Granada as soon as possible
was emphasized in delajed dispatches
which reached the State Department
jesterday These dispatches gave ac
counts of conditions in the rebel city
worse than those which existed in the
Cnneo or in the Putumaio ruboer ais
trirts of Peru Minister Weltzel stated
that he had received a letter from Pedro
Bafael Cuada, minister of finance, and
from Carlos Cuadra. his brother, the
Nlcaraguan member of the Mixed Claims
Commission. In which. In the name of
humanity, they r-g the American Min
ister to send rttfl to Granada.
They state that they have learned that
the members of their family left at Gren
ada are being most cruelly persecuted by
Gen. Mena. This persecution, they de
clare. Is solely due to the fact that they
are connected with the present govern
ment of Nicaragua. The wife of the
finance minister, they assert, is being
hunted by Mena's men In order that she
may ba made prisoner and tortured as
lave been two of her brothers-in-law.
These brother though they have held no
public office, have been prisoners ever
since the first day of Mena' revolt, and
have been subjected to the most inhuman
tortures. They have been deprived of
food for days at a time, and have been
permitted to obtain it when exhausted for
tack of nourishment by the payment of
the most exorbitant sums to Mena.
For five days consecutively they were
confined in a Uny, filthy closet, for three
days of which tlmo they were allowed no
food nor any w ater. When released from
this confinement they were nearly dead.
They have been informd by CoL Daniel
Mena that If the government troops
should attack Granada they (the Cuadra
brothers) will bo shot at once.
Fear for Girl.
The condition of the Cuadra brothers,
whose nephew, by thi way. Is secretary
of the Nlcaraguan Legation In this city,
ISTeported to be no worse than that of
scores of other citizens of Granada not in
sympathy with the Mena revolt. Food
supplies hRVo been confiscated by the
rebels, and the population has been kept
in a. state of practical Imprisonment.
Greatest anxiety Is felt for the safety
of the students at a French college, for
women in Granada. Most of the stu
dents are daughters of foreign residents
of Nicaragua. The trains which bore
the American forces toward Nicaragua
are also loaded with food supplies to re
lieve the suffering in that city and in
Masaya, also held by the rebels, under
The American Legation has been In
formed that two British subjects were
claln by the rebels at Acnuapa recently.
Admiral Southerland, at Managua,
to open a way southward for the
A German consul has Just arrived at
Managua to look after the interests of
any Germans In Nicaragua.
BIG LOSS REPORTED
IN NICARAGUAN CLASH
San Juan del Sur. Nicaragua, Sept. SO.
A large number of men were killed or
wounded In a battle between rebels and
federals at San Jurge. according to word
received here to-day. The rebels, it Is
said, attacked San Jurge with an iron
BURGLAR AND HIS
.' PDRSDERS SHOT
Leaps from Window of Police Head
quarters in New York and Bul
lets Fly Thick and Fast.
Nw York. Sept. 20. After leaping from
a window at police headquarters to-day
In an effort to escape. IVIHIam Mclnerny.
an alleged burglar, was shot three times
and several other persons were injured
in the excitement which followed. A bj
stander was shot in the hand and an
other man was trampled by a mob which
started in pursuit of the fugitive. Mc
lnerny was taken to the hospital.
Mclnerny was being Identified when he
broke from the five detectives who had
him In charge and leaped from the win
dow. He landed on top of Vincenzo Girosolo,
who happened to be directly under tne
window. As soon as he recovered his
breath Vincenzo arose to his feet and
with a. yell started to run after the flee
ing man. In the mean time the detec
tives had rushed to the window and their
revolvers were popping merrily. Every
one in the building was thrown Into a
panic and a mob quickly gathered In the
street. A number of women and chil
dren were knocked down and trampled.
Three bullets took effect in Mclnerny's
shoulder before he dropped.
Still 2,500 Feet
Above the Earth
Chicago. Sept. 20 The spectacle of
biplane standing still In the air at
height of 2.500 feet in the sky was one
of the features of the aviation events
this afternoon. The big thrill came when
V. C Robinson started out with his big
Steadily climbing In wide spirals, Rob
inson ascended until he was Dearly half
a mile In the air. and then lt-Vas seen
that he was fighting a very stAmg wind,
Robinson, flying forward at about fifty
miles an hour, had encountered an op
posite current of air blowing at nearly
the same rate. The big machine was
seen to hesitate and for a space of sev
eral minutes stand entirely still.
Gradually the wind Increased and foot
by foot the aviator was drlv en backward
fully half a mile.
Then he swung to one side and effected
a safe landing.
Several other aviators made spectac
ular flights this afternoon.
ARREST MORGAN BURGLAR.
Police Obtain Confession front Man
"N'lio Robbed Millionaire.
New York, Sept. 20. A man who the
police say confessed that he was the
burglar who robbed the home of J.
Pierpont Morgan. Jr.. In January, last.
was arrested to-day. Most of the articles
stolen from the Morgan home were found
In his possession.
The prisoner said he was John Bern-
auer. twenty-eight years old, a baker, of
When confronted with the stuff found
In his room Bernauer admitted, accord
ing to Dougherty, that he was the man
1 got into the Morran house bv a
rear door which I found unfastened," he
said. "I entered Mr. Morgan's room and
saw him Ivtng asleep I went very close
to the bed, but he dB not stir. I went
into room after room where servants
were asleep, but not one of them awoke.
leit the nouse the same way I en-
Kxpress Car Robbed."
New Orleans. La., Sept." 20. The au
thorities were notified.' to-day that an
express car of the Louisville and Nash
ville Railroad was robbed of J70.000 be
tween Pensacola and Flomaton. Ala.-.
Wednesday morning. Detectives left here
to-day to Investigate. The I money was
taken from a package containing $75,000.
WILL OPEN CHAMBERS
OF COMMENCE CONGRESS
Secretary of Commerce and Labor,
who, on September 24. will formally open
the Fifth International Congress of
Chambers of Commerce and Industrial
Associations, In Bo.-ton. It Is expected
that Secretary Nagel, In his opening
speech, win address more than seven
hundred delegates, hailing from
parts of the world
CROOKS" PUT IN
Commissioner Waldo Admits
Accepted Criminals to Be
Members of Force.
NO TIME TO INVESTIGATE
New Tork. Sept. 3) Seeking by every
word to place the responsibility on the
shoulders of the Civil Service Commis
sion, Rhlnelander Waldo, Police Com'
mlssioner of New York City, to-day ad
mitted that he had accepted and ap
pointed to the police force men known
to be crooks, some of them with prison
records. Waldo declared that the men
had been certified for their positions by
b Civil Service Commlsson. of which
runes Creelman is the head, and that he
himself had not time to investigate each
man certified by the commission
The fact that a large percentage of
certain branches of the police force .ef
the city Is composed of mes who have
been In trouble with the courts, or who
have been dishonorably discharged from
positions of trust In a number of cor
porations, came to light at the alder
manic Investigation to-day. Waldo was
a witness, and by much questioning
Special Counsel Emery Buckner suc
ceeded In dragging the damaging truth
from the Police Commissioner's lips. It
is probable that members of the Civil
Service Commission will be subpoenaed
to tell why they vouched for applicants
for the police service who had been
turned down by rrevlous police commis
sioners and whose records were notori
"Why did you not Investigate these
men who were certified to you by the
Civil Service Commission?" asked Buck
ner of Waldo.
o Time to lnvellBn(r.
"Because I d'd not have time," replied
Waldo. "I would have had to leave the
Investigation to a subordinate, and I
could not trust auy of my subordinates.
I preferred the word of the civil serv
Lieut. John F. Stanton, head of Crop
fey' s Secret Service Investigation Bu
reau, testified that 11 per cent of the
Civil Service Commission's recommen
dations for appointments to the police
force were of men known to be crim
inals. Stanton added that he had re
ported the condition to James Creelman.
head of the bureau, but that the names
of the unfit applicants always were re
turned to the police commissioner's of
fice for appointment and they generally
headed the lists.
Waldo astonished the committee by
admitting that he had never examined
the flies in his office to see why these
men had not ben appointed by pre
vious commissioners. He added that be
would begin an inquiry to see If the
charges against the men he had appoint'
ed were true and would then "take such
action as the facts warrant." He claim
ed that he was compelled to follow the
dictates of the Civil Service Commis
sion In making his appointments. With
the takln- of Commissioner Waldo's tes
timony tne graft investigation commit
tee adjourned late this afternoon.
BABY USED AS WEAPON.
Husband Says 'Wife Threw Crippled
Child at Him.
Baltimore. Md., Sept. 26 Declaring
that his wife used their two-year-old
baby, who Is a cripple, as a weapon and
threw It at him a few days ago, Charles
Stallman, twenty-one years old. faced the
charges his spouse, Mrs. Minnie Stall
man, brought against him before 'Mag
istrate Levlnson in the Southern Police
Court here to-day. The woman carried
the child In her arms when she testified
against her husband.
Stallman as summoned to the station
house on a warrant to show cause why
he should not be arrested on the charge
of falling to support his wife and child.
Stallman said his wife had thrown the
child out of its carriage some time am.
crippling it. He declared that she often
beat it without the least provocation.
Neither husband nor wife was willlnzr
to live together when It was suggested
by the magistrate. Magistrate Levlnson
ordered Stallman to pay his wife J150 a
week for the support of herself and baby.
but staiiman saia ne would not do It.
The magistrate told Mrs. Stallman that
she should swear, out a warrant for him
if he falls.
Troops to Quell Strikers.
Madrid, Sept. 20. Negotiations to avert
strike of 22.000 men employed on the
railroads at Catalon have proved futile.
to-day ,the government began to take
military precautions to prevent acts of
violence. A cabinet meeting was held
and later Premier Canalejas conferred
with tne commander-in-chief of the civil
guards and cave orders for holdlnc other
HOSE FAILS TO
CALL ON COURTS
Cordage Trust Bound to Dis
courage Disciples of Marx
from Inciting Employes,
RESORT TO MANY LURES
Baseball Game, Hurdy-Gurdy, Brass
Band, and Empty Boiler Used
to Worry Speakers.
New York, Sept. 2a The Cordage Trust
has been making a strenuous but futile
effort for several weeks o discourage
a corps of Socialist spellbinders. A fire
hose, a hurdy-gurdy, a baseball game, an
Imitation of a boiler factor', and a brass
band In vain were called Into play. The
Supreme Court of Kings County was
finally resorted to to-day by the trust,
whose Incorporated name Is the Ameri
can Manufacturing Company, and whose
plant Is located at West and Noble
Streets in the Greenpolnt district bf
In an order signed by Justice Marine.
Edward Ungren, organizer of the Social
ist party In Kings County. Is ordered to
show cause why the little band of So
cialist orators who have thus far defied
the efforts of the big trust should not be
enjoined from holding noonday meetings
In the vicinity of the cordage plant.
In applying for the Injunction the
company alleged that Llngren has been
trying to get the men and women em
ployed by It to go on strike It charges
that he was responsible for a strike
there two years ago.
Not Inlrrrateil In Mrlkc.
"We are not Interested in whethej
the employes strike or do not strike,"
said Llngren to-night. "We only want
to teach them Socialism. The trust
has tried in many ways to stop us, but
we beat them every time, and We will
beat them when the case come up in
Llngren started the noonday meet
ings for the Cordage Trust employes
on July 29. One of the irators was
in the midst of a hot discussion of So
cialism when he was struck by an Ice
cold stream of water directed from one
of the near-by windows of the factory.
With undampened enthusiasm Llngren
moved his forces out of range of the
enemy and contln, I the meeting un
til the 1 o'clock tL tie blew.
On the date of thej next meeting the
company thought to circumvent Llngren
by sending Its emploves to ljr.cli ah hour
earlier. But the Socialist forces In some
strange manner got wind of the plan
and were on the Job when the hundreds
of men and women workers poured forth.
"A very enthusiastic snd satisfactory
meeting." was the Llngren's report to
A week later when the noonday feast
of Socialist orations began. It was In
terrupted by the blatant tones of a big
hurdy-gwdy which had been smuggled
Into the factory earlier In the day. Pop
ular and classical music was discoursed,
but the speakers stood their ground. In
vestigation showed that the Hcene for
the organ grinding had been Issued In
the name of the American Manufactur
ing Company. Llngren took the matter
Into court and ha'd the license revoked.
When the Socialist cohorts among the
workers gathered the following week
they learned that the management of the
Cordage Trust had provided another di
version for them. Across the street from
the factory Is a large open space in
which the Jute Is dried before being
turned over to the rope makers. It had
been cleared and a rough baseball dia
mond laid out on It. The Impromptu
teams began to play when the noon
whistle blew. But even the lure of the
great American game was not strong
enough to offset the magnetism of Lln
gren, and the meeting was held as usual.
few days later when the meeting
started the ears of the assemblage were
assailed by deafening sounds from the
Jute lot. Investigation revealed that half
a dozen husky men were wielding sledge
hammers upon the sides of a large iron
Mrs. E. H. Harriman
Widow of Railroad Mag
nate to Testify Before Com'
mittee. Morgan and Per
kins Will Also Take Stand.
J. Pierpont Morgan and Giorge W.
Perkins will be heard the first week In
October on the contributions made to the
campaigns of 1904 and 190S before the
Senate committee of which Senator
Moses E. Clapp Is chairman. Col. Roose
velt will appear October 1 and the others
will follow promptly. Former Senator
Dubois of Idaho, who managed Champ
Clark's pre-conventlon campaign, had a
conference with Senator Clapp yesterday
to ascertain Just what points would be
covered by the committee, so that he
might prepare himself with Information
to give In response to the committees
Senator Clapp yesterday gave notice
that the public will be barred from
the hearings until after the press and
witnesses have been cared for. The Sen
ator said that many prominent society
women had applied for admission tickets.
Mrs. Edward H. Harriman.. widow of
the railroad magnate, will be subpoenaed
to appear before the committee. Miss
Lizzie Bliss, daughter of Cornelius N.
Bliss, will also be summoned. Daniel N.
Ransdell. Sergeant-at-arms of the Senate.
Is now In New York to serve the sub
It is presumed that Mrs. Harriman ana
Miss BUss will be required to produce
papers. Including the letter file containing
private correspondence of 'Mr. Harriman
and Mr. Bliss.
$1.00 to Harpers Ferry aad Martlas.
XL Berkeley Springs; 32.00 Cumberland
and return, Baltimore & Ohio Special
train leaves Union Station at 8:20 a. m.
Sunday, September 22d (toppinc at prin
cipal points on the Metropolitan Branca.
Governor Delivers Five Speeches
and Holds Bfe Public Becep
v tion in Columbus.
TALKS TO ABOUT 15.000
PEOPLE DURING THE DAY
Meets Members of State Democratic
Organization and Confers
with Gov. Harmon.
Columbus. Ohio. Sept. 3) As a climax
to his first Western tour. Gov. Wilson to
day opened the Democratic campaign In
Ohio, delivering five speeches and
holding a public reception in the South
ern Hotel in Columbus. It Is estimated
that In the course of the day the Gov
trnor addressed 15.000 people, and that
he met an additional 6.000 at the recep
tion. One of his speeches was of a non
political 'character. In this he addressed
school and university teachers and dls-
cussed the effect of university training
on the American child.
Gov. Wilson met for the first time
since the Baltimore convention Gov. Jud
son Harmon, of Ohio, who was one of
his opponents for the Presidential nom
ination. It was the plan for Gov. Wilson
to make an official call on Gov. Harmon
at the State capltol, but Gov. Harmon
Intercepted the plan by calling on Gov.
Wilson shortly after be arrived at the
Southern Hotel. Gov. Harmon congratu
lated the nominee on the prospects of
an overwhelming victory In November
and assured him that Ohio would give
him not less than 100.000 plurality. Gov.
Harmon was on the platform with the
candidate and delivered an address at
one of the night meetings.
o Speech at Toledo.
The governor and his party arrived
here at S o'clock this morning. The
Toledo Democrats had hoped that as he
passed through their city early this
morning he would find it possible to
stop over for one speech. Gov. Wllsan
was so thoroughly tired from his stren
uous work of the week, however, that
lie was permitted to sleep until Colum
bus wat. reached. At II o'clock the
governor was escorted by a reception
committee to the Southern Hotel.
where lunch was served. It was at
this time that Gov. Harmon paid his
Gov. Wilson made bis flrsttaddress,
a ten-minute talk to the members of
the Ohio Democratic organization, at
Memorial Hall. It was the first time,
he said, that he had ever met face to
face all the working members of a po
litical organization. The governor re
mained after finishing his speech and
listened to addresses by half a dozen
As &oon as this meeting had adjourn
ed, the Governor rwas driven to tht
Chamber of Commerce, where he ad
dressed about ",0M teachers. The teach
ers gave the Governor a cordial re
ception. Next rame a big meeting at
the Hartman Theater, where there was
another crowd of 2,000 or more. Here
the Governor discussed some of the i
sues of the campaign, chiefly his plan
of regulating competition instead of
Gov. Wilson returned Gov. Harmon's
visit later In the afternoon. It was
after Gov. Wilson had finished his third
speech that James M. Cox and State
Chairman Finley Praotlcally lifted him
out of his automobile and carried him
by his arms, so that only the tips of
his shoes touched the ground.-across the
plaza. Into the caplto- and up two
flights of stairs to the executive cham
ber. Gov. Wilson was panting as the
two men rushed him up to Gov. Har
mon. Gov. Harmon said there were many
persons In the capltol who would like to
meet the candidate Mr. Wilson said he
would be glad to see them. He. Gov.
Harmon. Congressman Cox. and Mr.
Finley then stood tosther while about
200 State emploves and party workers
passed and shook hands
The biggest rally of the day was 'the
night meeting at Memorial Hall, where
the Governor delivered the only speech
he had prepared In advance on this trip.
By a special concession on the part of
the railroad company the Governor's car
as attached on a fast train to New
York. His private car left at 10 25 The
Governor expects to go direct to Seagirt
to rest until Sunday night, when he plans
to leave for Scranton.
Will Be Subpoenaed
Ias!snSV'ijv -- Sa,V.iT3r
Hf; "? ?v ?' "t'M . "
bTbTbTfT V - . Li. fcvJTssT
MRS. E. H. UARRDIAlf.
"CREATING LIFE IN
PROF. F. LOEFFI.En.
"It is not possible to make life with
out the germ of life to start with.'
This was the answer made by Prof. F
Loeffler. one of the visiting German
scientists, as to whether he believed It
possible to create life by artificial means
as has been recently claimed by Prof.
Loeb, of California. Prof. Loeffler's
fame as the discoverer of the bacilli of
diphtheria Is world-wide. He also dls
covered the bacilli of glanders and the
bacilli of erysipelas in swine, and the
bacilli of typhoid In mice. In the case
of mice his discovery is being widely
used In Europe, as many of the agricul
tural sections are badly Infested with
LEGAL FIGHT FOR
PAUL PECK'S SON
Storm Centers About Seven-month-old
Child Who Is a Double
HAS THE INFANT
Almost frantic at the thought of hav
lng taken from her by legal process Paul
Peck, Jr.. the seven-month-old baby boy
of the voung Washington aviator who
was kUled recently at Chicago while
fiymc a Columbia biplane. Mrs. Elizabeth
W. Owens, maternal grandmother of the
orphan Infant, .at night said. In her
apartments at the Ripley, 1124 R Street
Northwest, that she will wage a bitter
warfare for the custody of her little
Mrs. Owens also said that In view of
the effort of the paternal grandparents
to obtain the custody of the baby, she
will now begin a fight for the administra
tion of the estate. The estate at the
utmost figure will not amount to more
Several dais before the funeral of the
j oung blrdman, Leonidas M. Peck, father
of the ill-fated aviator, held a conference
with C. Franois Owens, son of Mrs.
Owens, concerning the disposition of the
estate. Sir. Owens, who is a lawver. of
fered to handle the settlement of the es
tate, and thus save thCbe concerned any
expens. Mr. Peck said that he was fully
satisfied with the offer
Then soon after the burial of voung
Peck the Owenes were surprised to
learn that Mr. Peck and Samuel J. Mas
ters, of this city, uncle of the aviator,
had been appointed administrators of the
estate upon petition filed by them. Mrs
Owens said last night that although sur
prised somewhat at the administrators
being named without her son being con
sulted, she did not feel at all disposed to
Fearful, however, that the paternal
parents would attempt to get possession
of the baby, a petition was filed late
Thursday afternoon praying that Mrs.
Owens and R. L. W. Owens, her son. be
appointed guardians The petition was
granted by Chief Justice Clabaugh. and
bond was fixed at J1S.0O0. Bond
given jesterday morning. Attorneys
Berry and Minor represent the material
branch of the house.
Learning that the guardianship of the
Infant had been granted to Mrs. Owens,
Attorney E. L. Gles, representing Mr.
Peck and Mr. Masters, jesterday re
quested the chlnf Justice to hold the is
suance of the letters of guardianship
In abeyance. The request was declined.
Mr. Peck probably will wage a strong
fight for the possession of the baby.
"I have had little Paul ever since his
young mother died." sobbed Mrs. Owens
last night. "The mother died last Easter
soon after giving birth to the child, and
I decided then that I would alwavs keep
Paul and care for him. I love that little
baby more than if It were my own. for it
Is the child of my dead daughter.
Threaten A lolenrc.
"They will take Paul away only over
my dead body. I trust that we will win
the legal fight, but whether we win or
not. Paul shall stay with me. No mar
shal of the law will separate me from the
baby. I will ehteld and protect Paul
even If I am compelled to resort to vio
lence." Mrs. Owens is almost hysterical at
times, crjlng and wringing her hands.
From time to time she raises the win
dow of her apartment and calls to her
eon, C. Francis Owens, who lives In The
Arden, the adjoining apartment house:
'Oh, do vou think they will get little
Paul: do you think they will get him?"
'Next Monday my mother through her
attorneys will file a petition, asking that
the papers of administration be transfer
red to her and her son." said C. Francis
Owens last night.
Municipalities Leaicue Elects.
Buffalo. N. Y.. Sept. 20. The League
of American Municipalities to-day elected
the following officers: President. John P.
Rydtr. Omaha; vice president. Charles
L. Wlllert. Buffalo: L. A. Lapolnt, Mon
treal: J. M. Donnelly. Newark. N. J..
and Edward W. Fisker, Mount Vernon.
N. r.; secretary. KODert is. Lee. Balti
more: treasurer. C J. stolsz. Fort
The next convention win be held In
L23 Baltimore and Ret arm.
Baltimore and Ohio.
Every Saturday and Sunday. Good to
return until 9 00 a. m. train Monday.
All trains both' ways. Including the
OtPTI ,-:8Wssssssssgt!sst J E
DEFECTS DUE TO
Famous Pfiysician and Author
Blames Ail Faults on Pick
ing Wrong Parents.
RAPS BERNARD SHAW
Defectives Are Drawn from Two
Reservoirs, Rural Communities and
the Upper Strata of Society.
PROGRAMME FOE TO-DAY.
ISO p. m.-Dr. A, B. Knopf. "Tubatolo-
133 p. ra. Dr. F. Shormiker, Tuljerculo
eis and Twhrma. Among tb Indians."
Stt p. m.-Dr. J. S. Hurtr. "Ihnal Sani
tation." 330 p. m.-Mr. Emit. "Welfare Wort of
the Great Industrial Convrauoo."
40 p. m. Dr Elnon C PoOraar. "Hr
&ea of AdclMceoce." (For worsen onlx )
730 to 90 p. m. Srspoaluzn on lmpmn
mtnt of milk aurpir. Chainsao. Mr. Emilo
Berliner. Binaera Surx. L L. Lamadro,
PabUs Health Senior; Hesrf 8. Arm.
B. S., Bureau of Animal Indostr: Ernest
KeUr, Bureau oc Animal Induaur; Dr.
Uulbert Tourc Dutrict of GolcmbU Health
Department; Dr. G. Llord Macrader.
Three per cent o the entire human
race only Is Included In the pauper,
feeble-minded. Insane, criminal, alcoholic,
and prostitute classes. Of this Z per
cent, virtually the entire number trace
their defective traits to hereditary causes.
Virtually the entire 3 per cent Is drawn
from two "reservoirs;" first, from small,
isolated, undercivlllzed rural commun -ties,
and. second, from the so-called up
per strata of society, the 4C0," the ultra
wealthy, or ultra-cultured
This Is the gist of an address by Dr.
Woods Hutchinson, the noted writer on
health problems, of New York, before
the closlnff general session of the Amer
ican Public Health Association's fortieth
meeting. In session at the New Willard.
Dr. Hutchinson's announced subject was
The Importance of Negative Eugenics,
or the Prevention of Ill-bornness."
The broad statements or the New
York publicist were hotly attacked
following the conclusion of his re
marks by Dr. S. Adolphus Knopf, of
New Tork. and Dr P. H. Bryce. of Ot
tawa. Canada, In so far as he attributed
the largest part of alcoholism and
prostitution to hereditary causes. In
repljlng. in the course of the discus
sion on his address. Dr Hutchinson
explained that a more exhaustive ex
planation of his Ideas In these repects
would have left little difference be
tween his views and those of his crit
ics. Dr. Hutchinson was restricted to
a twenty-fUe minute talk
Dr. Hutchinson recommended per
manent segregation of those who. fol
lowing examination In childhood, prom
ise, from hereditary or other causes, to
be congeniully unfit to reproduce, as
the most effective means of breaking;
Into the constant stream which Is, ac
cording to his lew, reproducing the
"Eugenics is the art of the Intelli
gent selection of our own parents. he
remarked humorously In opening his
address. He said the first efforts to
Improve the race by proper and select
breeding had been based on a supposed
relative value of adults as prospective
This he compared to the breeding of
the lower animals, the selection of
males and females with a view to pro
ducing the best results In the oung
Experiments have shown, he said, the
futility of specializing In regard to thi
"Changes brought about through
careful breeding In the lower animals."
he said, "have Improved them only
from man's point of view, not from the
Continued on raise Four.
Frederick Pinkus Carries Off Girl He
Admired and Goes to Work
house for Kidnapping.
New York. Sept. . Frederick Plnkus.
millionaire linen manufacturer, will spend
ten days in the workhouse on Blackwells
Island because he trjed stone-age meth
ods of kidnapping Miss Elsie Hutter. a
pretty little dressmiker, twenty-two
j ears old. right under the white lights
According to the girl. Plnkus. riding in
a large touring car, overtook her as she
was waiting for a car to go to the home of
her brother at 2 o'clock In the morning.
He offered to take her home, but she
refused to go. having read many tales of
bold, bad millionaires and poor working
girls. So Plnkus dropped his cigarette
case. As she stooped to pick. It up an
other man In the car seized her by the
shoulders and dragged her Inside.
Up Fifth Avenue they flew and then
Into a side street, where her captor, ac
cording to Miss Hutter. tried to kiss her.
She replied with a jab from her hatpin.
Sergt. Qulnn and Policeman Hambt wera
standing on Seventh Avenue when the
Plnkus car with the screaming girl bore
down on them. They sprang In front of
the automobile, rescued the girl, who
was about to leap from the arms of her
admirer, and arrested Mr. Plnkus and a.
"Mr. Winchester, jr.. of New Rochelle."
who did not appear to be actively en
gaged in the abduction.
Magistrate Kratel. after hearlnr both
sides, announced that Millionaire Plnkus,
whose father once achieved notoriety by
falling to declare much dutiable goods
brought In from Europe, 'would spend a.
few days as the city's' guest.
tl-2" to Baltimore and Return
Saturdays and Sundays via Pennsyl.
vanta Railroad. Tickets good to return
until 0 a. m. Monday. All regular train
except the Congressional Limited.
a- -fl-- nT ifo; .. j