Newspaper Page Text
- . ' .
i"HE WASHINGTON HERALD, THURSDAY. OGTOBER 3, 1912.
TUV-W kQUTUFTMJ nCDITII " condemnation of existing fiscal
-Int. WAMIIMjIUN IlEltAUJLethods by exazwratine & annual
PahUshed Star Mamlnf ti the Tear tx
THEjWASHINGTON HERALD COMPANY
PC2U0AXI0X OmCE: ,
',1322 NEW YORK. AVENUE K.W.
btepfccne Main SXO. (Frhata Branch Zxchasc.)
No attention will be paid to anony
mous contributions, and no communica
tions to the editor will be printed, ex
cept over the name of the writer.
Manuscripts offered for publication will
be returned If unavailable, but stamps
should be sent with the manuscript for
mat purpose. ,
All communications Intended for this
newspaper, whether for the dally or the
Sunday Issue, should be addressed to
THE WASHINGTON HERALD.
teunsanrnoN rates bt cabbies:
DtSx and Sunday... 15 cents per month
Dally and BoDdtr...... .............. ...... pa year
DtUr, without Bnmly............Jg cents per Booth
SUBSCRIPTION BATES BZ MAIL:
DtDf and Sunday........ ..........O cents per zooath
Danj and BuDdar... ..................... .15.(0 per Tor
Dally, without Smdij.... ....... ..3 cents per month
Dally, without Sunday., ,..3-0) per year
Btmdiy, wttnort diilr..-. j per jrear
New Tars BexresenlaiiTe, J. C. CTOBEBDIMJ
SPECIAL AGENCY. Brunswick BoUdJzx v
CUeato BeeseaUtirc. A. B. KEAT0B, MS
THURSDAY. OCTOBER 3. 1912,
Remember the 'Third Onp of Coffee
Americans to-day are not quite so
ready to say that "Mr. Roosevelt is the
only truthful man in the country, as
once they were. He now charges Gov.
Wilson with hiving said what is not
true. We guess Gov. Wilson can stand
it The question simply is as to the
interpretation o one of the third term
er's speeches. His statement as to the
third term is a case in point. If we
accept his own view of those words we
must conclude that those who say that
he declared he would never accept an
other nomination are liars. For he now
explains (the now famous or notorious
"third cup of coffee" statement in the
Outlook) that he never said anything
of the kind, but only that he would
never accept a third "consecutive" term.
So, in this instance, Col. Roosevelt
makes the boldest and most radical of
statements,, and when he finds that they
are likely to "get him in bad," he be
gins to qualify. One thing is certain,
and that is that he never "means" any
thing that is unpopular. In the course
af his public life he has never made
a bad choice, never gone the unpopular
and difficult road, never made the
There is no danger that Gov. Wilson
will get into the Ananias Club through
the kindly offices of Theodore Roose
velt The day for that sort of thing has
A "Court of Rehabilitation."
The current number of the Survey
promulgates a novel idea as regards re
habilitation of convicts, a suggestion
that is rather in "keeping with what Ro
land Molineaux some four or five jears
ago had to say, "Charities and Correc
tions." It is this: "It has required a
judge and jury to deprive him of lib
erty, only by a judge and jury should
he be restored."
The idea has been incorporated in
a penal bill in Oklahoma, where a
court of rehabilitation has been created
through the efforts of the State com
missioner of charities and corrections
a woman by the way. It is to have ju
risdiction in every penal institution, but
the measure does not call for the ab
solute indeterminate sentence which, in
Mr. Mohneaux's opinion, is the most
effective way to handle the habitual
criminal. Trial judges, having juris
diction in misdemeanor cases, may sus
pend sentence over first offenders, pre
scribing the conditions of probation and
transferring their cases to the jurisdic
tion of the court of rehabilitation. A
merit system provides what shall con
stitute good conduct Whenever a pris
oner has accumulated a number of merit
marks, which, multiplied by four, is
equal in hours to one-third of the time
for which he has been sentenced, he
becomes eligible for probation. A cer
tificate to that effect is forwarded to
the court of rehabilitation, together
with a history of his case. Whenever
the prisorer has fully complied with
the conditions of his probation the Court
of rehabilitation, as a matter of right,
issues, after a hearing, a decree of dis
In Ohio a similar bill is in contem
plation through the efforts of the chief
of police of Cleveland.
A Saving of Millions.
Despite its pledges of economy the
Democratic party seems unwilling to
contribute to any scheme of permanent
retrenchment on a large and rational
scale. It wants to save, as The Her
ald has shown before, merely in a
penny-wise fashion, and for that rea
son seeks to continue the existing con
fusion in the government's budget
plans. Its fiscal policy is reactionary,
and so is its tariff policy.
The chairman of the Federal Econ
omy and Efficiency Commission, Dr.
Frederick A. Cleveland, after a two
years' study o'f governmental expendi
ture, confirms the soundness of ex-Senator
Aldrich's dictum that, if the Fed--eral
establishment were run on a busi
ness basis, at least $300,000,000 could
bt saved every year. Mr. Aldrich's
declaration made three or four years
ago was received with skepticism. He
was talking to politicians who had seen
Federal expenditures mount steadily
from $500,000,000 a year to i ,060,000,000
a year, and who were fortified by ex
perience in believing that waste and ex
travagance in appropriations were un
avoidable. The Senator from Rhode Island may
'have meant to give a sharper point to
overcharge due-to mismanagement. That
was -the idea evenof thpsewho held
with, him that the government was-be-ing
victimized by its own' inefficiency.
But J)r. Cleveland's studies have con
vinced -him that, Mr. Aldrich was
speaking the truth known to thim by
reason of his intimate" acquaintance with
the workings of the governmental machine-and
his appreciation of what could
be- accomplished by the resolute prac
tice of economy.
President Taft has been the' one to
grasp the possibilities of the retrench
ment programme hinted at by Senator
Aldrich. The present administration
will be known to history as the first in
our day to check the piling up of na
tional expenditures. Mr. Taft forced
the cutting down of the annual outlay
by more than $30,000,000, or one-tenth
of the ultimate reduction which Mr.
Aldrich had indicated as feasible.
If Mr. Taft is re-elected and can
obtain the active co-operation of public
opinion, there is no reason why the
government's annual expenditure should
not Ge annually reduced at the rate
of $30,000,000 or $30,000,000. He has
set his Cabinet to work to modernize
conditions in the executive departments
and has supplemented his own inquiries
by the inquiries of the experts on the
Efficiency and Economy Commission.
Peter the Greafs "Dream."
The resentment which is felt in China
over the British demand for autonomy
in Tibet can only be due to Russian
intrigue. If ever Tibet should become a
province of China it would make it
easier for Russia to forward her
schemes for gaining possession of that
Central Asian high plateau and of util
izing it as a channel for pouring her
troops into India.
Great Britain realizes that this would
be the result of permitting China to as
sert control oer that country. It is
unlikely that in the present condition of
Chinese affairs the authorities of the
new republic have any serious consid
eration in regard to outlying countries.
Russia has practically obtained posses
sion of Mongolia and of the immense
territory lying- east of her well-settled
provinces. With sovereignty over Mon
golia it would not be long before she
would push her power to the border
ing mountains which separate the north
ern Asiatic plains from India and an
other stage would be reached in the
dream of Peter the Great of obtaining
a port onthe Indian Ocean.
Denied Chance to Reform.
In a recent address before the Chicago
Association of Commerce the superin
tendent of one of the State prisons
of this country stated that police and
Sheriffs persecute paroled convicts and
do not give former prisoners an honest
chance to reform. According to his
view, any one acquainted with the
methods of the police, knows how they
regard the man who has served a term
in the penitentiary. His record stands
against him and the moment anything
happens the ex-convict is seized if he
is found within a mile of the scene of
If this be true, it is time that the
man who has paid the penalty of his
crime be protected from those who ap
pear to be persecutors and whose am
bitions are to make the largest num
ber of arrests. The law does not pun
ish the offender, but the crime commit
ted, which it tries to prevent Punish
ment 'should cure and often does cure
a man of a desire to again commit a
wrong and he should be given every
opportunity to redeem himself, instead
of being hounded and blamed for an of
fense he has not committed.
"Old" Vessels at Naval Reviews.
In few respects have we advanced fa
ther or changed more frequently than
in the size and character of our naval
vessels, and that fact gives fresh prom
inence to each gathering of our men-o'-war
in New York Harbor. It is an
occasion that enlists the observation of
millions of people. It is a spectacle that
even the most apathetic American can
hardly contemplate without a little thnll
of pride. Its potential power is an as
surance of protection and appeals
strongly to the imagination. The re
view this jear will last from Octo
ber 12 to 15. In fact, some of the
vessels will arrive nearly a week be
fore the first date, but their alignment
and the marshaling process will be
deferred until the roll call is complete.
Were a fleet of old-fashioned sailing
frigates to make its appearance in any
harbor to-day, the wharves would be
lined with curious and interested spec
tators. One feature of the approaching
naval review of our fleet, to which
special attention ought to be called as
'sign of the times" will be the
ticipation in the pageant of the "old'
cruiser Baltimore. To the uninitiated
this may mean a battered old fighter of
the days of wind power. But it is only
twenty-eight years ago that the Balti
more was christened. It was fourteen
years 'ago that she shared in the distinction"-
of putting out of commission
Admiral Montijo's Spanish fleet in Ma
nila Bay. Yet she is now a curiosity, a
candidate for the museum.
Of Course) Not.
'Anything remarkable about the the
atrical performance at State's prison?"
. "Yes; none of their audience had their
Comes spicy autumn, freshly fair.
And fickle as a hen;
We "don"' our summer underwear.
Then jut It oa again, ,
s " .
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
The festive county fair now blooms:
The chestnut Is on hand. 1
There Is a crop of furnished rooms
That equals the demand.
The oyster nods upon Its stalk.
The apple In Its shell
Is seen along; the "woodland walk
And In the tshaded dell.
The scarlet saga Is rich and ripe:
So Is the shredded hay.
And smiling- Nature seems to pipe
A russet roundelay.
"Valua your 'friends, my boy: value
your friends," remarked the mossbacked
citizen. "Some men seem to think that
people who are willing to be friendly with
them can t amount to much.
TThe trouble Is that my boss has favor
ites. Tou can't deny It."
"I won't deny It But have you noticed
that his favorites do all the hard work
about the place?"
October 3 In History
October 3. 1531 Hesry VIII sees a mer
maid. He quit drinking for quits f
October 3, 15SH William Shakspere ar
rives In London and sets up as a hot
sausage man. He was a poor boy. but a
The trust fired all Its lawyers:
It seems they saw
That It would be much cheaper to
Obey the law.
A Sensible Shift.
"Why does she dress so roanlsbly?"
"Well", she was no beauty ns a girl, but
she makes a fairly good looking boy."
"Wllllnjr to Please.
"I expeot ou to write this Interview
up to my satisfaction," said the states
"All right" chirped the cheerful re
porter. "If you don t III come around
to-morrow and get your repudiation.
"Why so much ralnT
"Nature Is evidently mixing her colors
to touch up the fall scenery."
Solved at Last.
"Now a scientist says that musical
vibrations will extinguish Are."
'Science is a marvelous thing At last
we know why Nero Addled while Rome
IN NEW YORK
Contlnnrd from race One.
evening. Every scat was taken. Men
were'erowded In every aisle not kept
clear by husky sergeanta-at-arms.
The delegates, feeling that something
unusual was golns to happen, were In a
reckless humor. Good-natured to the last
degree, they shouted with laughter at
every allusion that struck them as
humorous, and even derided the appear
ance of some of the speakers.
At 11 20, after two hours and twenty
minutes of speakr?. Chairman Parker
"The roll of counties will now be called
and every chairman will give the vote of
his delegation "
Glynn got the first vote from Albany
Counts. Sulzer following with three from
With breathless attention the dele
gates listened as the roll was called.
Krie County, the first big delegation,
stuck to Burd Dlx votes were sprinkled
among the lesser counties almost as plen
tifully as were votes for Sulzer.
When Kings County was reached It be
came plain that while the unit rule was
net to be applied rigorously most of the
delegates were content to operate un
Chairman McCooey requested the roll
One lone Dix vote started It Nearly
all the rest lined up behind Jletx
ew York Delc-Butloit iilll.
New York, split forty wajs by the unit
rule, cast the first vote for Francis Bur
ton Harrison, the second for Dlx, a half
dozen scattering for Sulzer, and the
other half-dozen for Dlx. It was the first
time such a thing had happened within
the memory of any delegate, and the ex
citement created was tremendous. Lead
ers divided In support of various candi
dates. When Murphy was called every
body fell suddenly silent
I should like to be excused," said the
boss, rising, and there was a groan of
Sulzer voted for Dlx.
Thus, on the brink of midnight con
tinued the most remarkable ballot for
Governor that any delegate In the New
York delegation had ever taken part in.
And through the long count of 105 dele
gates the audience sat silent and fasci
nated. As the balloting proceeded there
as a whisper that Francis Burton Har
rison, whose name was mentioned for
the first time when New York began to
vote, was the new candidate.
But there was nothing at that time to
support the rumor. All the men closest
to Murphy, Including all the members of
the New York delegation to the Legis
lature, voted for Dix.
The total of the delegation showed:
Sulzer, 2S; Harrison, 17; Glynn. 13; Dlx.
Metz, 4; not voting. 3.
MERCHANTS MEET TO-DAY.
Board of Governors "Will Take Up
Matters of Organisation.
The recently elected board of govern
ors of the Retail Merchants' Association
will meet this afternoon at 3 o'clock In
the rooms of the Chamber of Commerce,
to take up Important matters pertaining
to the organization and work of the as
This will be the first meeting of thl
par-!bard. It win elect its officers and start
the wheels rolling for the advancement
of retail trade in the District of Co
lumbia. SINGULA! PLUIIALS.
Well begin with a box, and the plural 1 boxes;
But the plural of ox should be oni, not oxes.
Thea one fowl la goose, but two are called geese,
Tet the plnral of moose should nerer be meese;
Ton may find a lone mouse or a whole lot of mice.
But the plural of bouse la bouses, not hlce.
If the plural of man la always called men.
Why shouldn't the plural of pan be called peal
The cow la plural may be cows or rlna.
Bat a bow tf repeated, is nerer aHed brae,
And the plural of tow Is tows, not Tina,
And if I peak of a footand 70a show mo your
And I glte yon a boot; would a pair be called
If doe Is a tooth tnd the whole set are teeth.
Why shouldn't the -plural oTbosurbe Tailed berth t
If the singular Is this and the plural Is these.
Should the plural of tjas be nicknamed keeset
Then one may be that, and three would be those.
Yet hat In the plural would nerer be hose.
And the plural of rat Is rata, sot rose.
VV speak of a brother and also of brethren.
But though we say mother, we haver say methres.
Then masculine pronouns are he. his, and elm.
But imagine the feminine, she, sMs, and fii
Bo the English, 1 think, jon'all will agree.
I ah aost woadssTnl language you erer did sea.
-a nudsss cat
Plans Made -for Entertaining Dele
gate to Congress 'of Cham
bers" of Commerce.
SUBJECT OF DEBATE
Efforts Are to Be Made to Increase
Membership During the
A large volume of business faced the
directors of the Chamber of Commerce at
their first fall meeting last night and the
discussions of projects pending and In
prospect for the winter wwro of more
than ordinary Interest The directors, on
recommendation of C. W. Handy, chair
man of a special committee, voted to
take membership In the Chamber of
Commerce of the United States, which
haa headquarters in this city.
The committee having charge of the
entertainment of the delegates to the In
ternational Congress of Chambers of
Commerce, who will visit Washington on
October 12, reported that plans were
about complete. Also definite action was
taken regarding the proposed world's
permanent exposition, which Is being pro
moted In Washington.
D. J. Kaufman reported for the com-
r:Ittee to entertain the delegates to the
International Congress of Chambers of
Commerce. He said the subscriptions for
tne purpose were coming in rapidly, and
the prospect was favorable for providing
an excellent programme of entertainment
or the visitors. Mr. Kaufman has re
ceived the names of the members of the
party which Is now on the Pacific Coast
He said the party was made up of 399
Plans for Entertainment.
They will be met at some point be
tween here and Pittsburg on October I:
by the members of the committee of ar
rangements, composed of D. J. Kauf
man, Capt- James F. Ojstcr, and D. J.
Callahan Upon arrival at Union Sta
tion the party will be taken to their ho
tels In automobiles. Sunday evening such
of the members of the party as care to
jto will be driven about the city In auto
mobiles. The programme contains a trip
to Mount Vernon, visits to the public
buildings, and a reception at the Pan
O. Y. Worthlngton reported for the
membership committee that an earnest
effort was being made to increase the
roster of the organization. After a brief
discussion of the report a special com
mittee, composed of John Dolph, D. J.
ICaufman, and It J. Earnshaw, was ap
pointed by the chairman to co-operate
with the membership committee and to
devise a plan to bring in men and busi
ness houses not now represented In the
E. G. Graham reported for the special
committee appointed to Investigate the
standing of the proposed World's Per
manent Exposition. He said he had not
had much success In finding out what
organization was behind the project as
his efforts to approach the officers had
not been met apparently In an amiable
srlrlt After a full discussion of the
matter and after objections were raised
against indorsing any scheme of this
kind that did not have suitable and rep
resentative organization behind It a res
olution was passed that It was the sense
of the director that any plan for a per
manent world"s exposition should be con
tiolled and conducted by a committee of
Sir George Reid
and Lady Reid
Sir George Ticld. Australian commis
sioner in London, and Lady Beld, ar
rived In the Capital last night from
New York City and will remain here
until Monday. Preparations have been
made by John Barrett director of the
Pan-American Union, and the members
of the Washington Chamber of Com
merce to entertain the distinguished
visitors while In this city.
Sir and Lady George Beid were met
at the Union Station by Thomas Grant,
secretary of the Chamber of Commerce,
who escorted them to the New Wlllard
Later in the evening. James F. 0stcr.
president of the Chamber; Commissioner
Hudolph. and D. J. Callahan called upon
the visitors. Mr. Barrett also paid his
This morning the distinguished visit
ors will be taken to the White House
and the Pan-American Union by Mr.
Barrett. At 12.30 o'clock the Chamber
of Commerce will give
luncheon In I
honor of Sir George at the New W1I-1
lard, at which about a dozen guests.
among them Dr. Cook Adams of Chi-
cago, who Is accompanying Sir George,
will be present This afternoon. It has
been arranged to take the visitors to I
Mount Vernon. I
G. O. P. Governor Chosen.
f.u v. -.. . n-v c., .
Montpcller, t. Oct 2,-The State As-1
sembly In Joint session to-day elected Al-
len M. Fletcher, Republican. Governor by
a vote of 163 out of a total of 271 votes
cast II. B. Howe, Democrat received 7fi
votes, and Frazer Metzger, Progressive. 1
"Don't be afraid, youngiter; he's 'never
Miss Nannie Haffner, Inmate of the
Lutheran Home, Dies
t in Hospital.
FOBMEBLY LIVED IN
MABTINSBUBG, W. VA.
Dazed by Light, Aged Woman Stood
on Track Powerless
Struck by a suburban ear and hurled
thirty feet. Miss Nannie Haffner, sev
enty-three years old, member of a once
prominent family of West Virginia, and
for the last three jears an Inmate "of the
National Lutheran Home for the Aged,
at Wlnthrop Heights, was last night
crushed and so badly hurt that she died
a short time later.
Feeble from senllltv snd nrobablv
aazea, miss itarrner passed In front of a
westbound car at a. standstill at Seven-
teentn btrcet and Rhode Island Avenue
Northeast and stepped on tracks In front
of a heavy city-bound car moving at high
speed. Dazed by her peril, the aged
woman seemed frozen to the spot She
stood without a motion while the car
boro down on her with grinding brakes
and a loud clanging gong
une raced the car as It struck her and
was hurled In midair, striking the ground
ten yards from where she was hit The
car was stopped and a hurry run was
made to the city. At Fifteenth and G
Streets Northwest Miss Haffner was
transferred to an ambulance and hurried
Lmergency Hospital Dr. Benlamln
Newhouse, after a cursory examination,
declared she was beyond human aid.
Miss Haffner was suffering from a
fracture of the skull and a laceration
of the scalp twelve Inches long. Her
collar bone was broken and It Is believed
at least six ribs were crushed. Her arms
and legs were broken and her face was
so badlj crushed as to be unrecognizable.
The accident occurred a few minutes
after 6 o'clock.
1 rouble In IdeullHcnllou.
Difficulty was experienced In Identify
ing Miss Haffner In a handbag picked
up near the scene of the accident was
found a card bearing the name of Mrs.
Elmer H Catlin. of 2017 G Street North
west With Detective Guy Burllngame.
Mrs. Catlin went to the hospital. She
could not recognize the body of Miss
Haffner, but Identified It by the clothing
worn by the aged woman. Rev. Dr. John
WelJley, president of the National Lu
theran Home, also called at the hospital
und confirmed the Identification.
Coroner Nevltt ordered an Inquest to
be held this morning, and the body was
removed to the undertaking establish
ment of J R. Wright Funeral services
will be held at the Lutheran Home and
the bod) will bo shipped to Martlnsburg.
W. Va, the former home of the Haffner
family, for burial.
Miss Haffner Is survived by a sister.
Miss Amanda Haffner, seventy-eight
ears old. an Inmate of the home, and a
brother, Harry Haffner, of K Street
Miss Haffner left the home yesterday
morning and went to the home of Mrs.
Catlin She left late In the afternoon,
taking a quantity of cloth with which
she Intended to make some children's
dresses for Mrs Catlin Before leaving
Miss Haffner was given a copy of the
Christian Endeavor World, a magazine,
by Mr Catlin. Mrs. Catlin had written
her name on the magazine, and she rec
ognlzed It when she saw It among the
articles found near the sceno of the ac
Motorman Arthur Warner, thlrtj-five
years old. of 71 New York Avenile
Northeast alid Conductor Frederick G.
Offenbachcr, thirty-two years old.
230 M Street Northwet, who were
charge of the car which struck Miss
Haffner. were arrested by police of the
Ninth precinct and later released by or
der of the coroner.
DR. H. W. WILEY ATTACKS
TAFT AND ROOSEVELT
AS PURE FOOD ENEMIES
Terra Haute, Ind, Oct 2. Branding
Taft and Roosevelt as the bitterest ene
mies of pure foods and the best friends
of manufacturers of impure foods, Dr
Harvey vv. Wiley exhorted a large audi
ence here to-night to vote for Gov. WI1-
fon for President
Wiley ridiculed Roosevelt's asser
tion that he (Roosevelt) wai responsible
for the passage of the pure foods and
drugs act He said Roosevelt charac
terized the act as "not worth mention
ing" whin Importuned by Senator Hoy
burn to recommend Its passage In a
message to Congress
"I am naturally not greatly enthused
with the propect of this crime against
humanity by the return of Theodore
Roosevelt to supreme power." said Dr.
Wiley, referring to the adulteration of
foods. "The Imperious way In which
he wielded his power when President, his
well-known contempt for Congress and
for the law, do not augur well for the
permanence of the republic under his
"President Taft" Dr. Wiley went on,
"has prided himself on his confidence
la and support of the Judiciary. Yet he
8,epped from h,s h,BhJ otJlce tQ do a
favor to the worst lot of adulterators In
Christendom. The regulations which all
the courts decided were In harmony with
the foods and drugs act were set aside
and contrary regulaUons established In
been known to jump out of that box."
T CrWh anil Nov Vnrlr ivs V
uuua ouu nsn avianjv.i.
The Lumber "War"
There are sixteen thousand lumber merchants in the country
fighting each other tooth and nail trying to sell cheap, inferior
I lumber at cheap prices. We are
Z we stand on our own reputation and sell only GOOD LUMBER
I at ;the fairest and most reasonable prices possible, and the people
i come o us because they can trust
r-Hr-"H"H"M"frr 1 i
THAT'S A QUESTION
Department of Agriculture Passes
the Riddle Along to Congress
After mulling over the quesUon "What
Is beer?" for more than two years, the
Department of Agriculture has decided
that It does not know, and will pass the
matter up to Congress when that body
convenes In December. Secretary "Wilson
some time ago reached the conclusion
that beer was a beverage made of "bar
ley, malt hops, yeast and potable
water." and was about to propound this
conclusion and compel brewers under
the pure food act to make beer out of
these materials, or If not so made to
brand It "Imitation beer."
Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, then head of the
pure food board, was primarily respon
sible for this 'definition of beer The
brewers of the country put up a stiff
fight against the construction of beer
arrived at by the department and they
were aided by the com products people.
The latter sell to the brewers of the
country annually hundreds of thousands
of dollars' worth of corn products vised
In the nuking of beer, and engaged at
torneys to come to Wash'ngton and make
strong representations on the subject
The department's position was backed up
by farmers' associations throughout the'
country, particularly In the Middle West
and they asserted that barley growers
were losing money every year on ac
count of the brewers using substitutes
The Consumers' League alo made
strong representations on the subject
and becretary Wilson stated that It was
one of the hardest problems ever pre-
ented to him In connection with the
Inforcement of the pure food act
About a month ago Fecretary Wilson
had prepared for promulgation a de
cision as to what beer should be made
of and directing brewers to label their
product o that consumers would know
exactly what the beverage they were
drinking was made of Then. It Is stated
at the department, the legal officers of
the department informed the Secretary
that there was no warrant In the pres
ent law to define beer or to compel
brewers to place on labols the Ingredi
ents entering Into their product.
Yesterday Secretary Wilson definitely
decided that additional legislation was
necessary before he could make any de
cllon. and as a result a waiting public
will still continue to wait for an answer
to the question, "What is beer"' until
Executives Sing Praises of Their
States and Tell What Can Be
Done by Reclamation.
Salt Lake City. Oct 2. Two Governors
held the attention of the National Irri
gation Congress here this afternoon.
They were Gov. John F. Shafroth of
Colorado and Gov S W P. Hunt of Ari
zona Gov Shafroth confined himself to the
singing of one brief but grand paen of
praise of his State, telling of Its growth
Gov Hunt spoke of the great crop
jlelds In Arizona as the result of Irri
gation. According to C F Brown, formerly
United States Drainage Engineer, who
also addressed the congress, there are
upward of a mlll'on acres of waste lands
In the Irrigated sections of the West due
tj water-logged and alkaline conditions.
Thee lands, for the most part, are near
largo cities, and their reclamation can
be accomplished without proJecUng ex
pensive Irrigation sj stems.
The remarkable growth, of Imperial
Valley, California, due to the great Irri
gation system In that hitherto arid terri
tory, was graphically described by W. H.
lioiaDira, a civil engineer of Los An
PRESIDENT GIVES $100
TO MASONIC FUND FOR
Alexandria. Va., Oct. 2. President Taft
has given a check for $100 as his con
tribution toward the erection of the pro-
Posed memorial temple to George Wash-1
ingiun. me jiason, wnicn ine masons oi
the country contemplate erecUng In this
cltj. Washington being the first master
of Alexandria-Washington Lodge, of this
city. President Taft by his contribu
tion becomes a life member of the asso
ciation. The contribution was made through
James M. Lamberton. grand senior dea
con of the Grand Lodge of Pensjlvanla,
first vice president of the Memorial As
sociation. President Taft It Is stated, was one
of the first to respond to become a life
member of the assoclaUon.
Since the association was Instituted
here President Taft has manifested an
Interest In It by being presenf on sev
eral occasions at Its annual meetings.
Last February 22 and the previous year
on the same date he came here to attend
Hopes are expressed by the promoters
of the movement to have JlOftOOO by next
February, which would represent 1,000
on the roll of honor with a life member
Convicts Lynch Necro.
Rawlins, Wyo.. Oct 2. Frank Wlgfal.
a negro ex-convtct was lynched In the
State Penitentiary here to-day by con
victs. Wlgfal two days ago attacked a
seventy-year-old woman. He waa cap
tured and taken to the penitentiary for
safe-keeping to prevent Iynchlnr. He had
previously served a term for ci( "Moa ta
W 1V..t.: T r - Jl
in f (IMUUIKIUB, 1, VI.,
not in this lumber war, because
us to give them honest money's
"Mi' 1 1 1 1 H I I ; J"Htt-1
ON CREDIT SYSTEM
Ambassador to France Warns that
Speculation Must Be Guarded
Warning that speculation must bal
carefully guarded against by wise leglsJ
latlon In connection with any system for1
the establishment of co-operative credits1
Is contained In a further report on thl
subject to President Taft by Myron Tj
Kerrick. Ambassador to France. Ambas-
sador Herrlck. with other diplomatic
representatives of the United States1
abroad. Is making an Investigation Into)
the elaborate systems of credit agencies!
in vogue in Europe for the benefit of!
the farmers. President Taft Intends to
recommend the adoption of a farmers
credit system In the United States.,
based upon the results of the Investiga
tions being made abroad.
"I realize," reports Ambassador Her-,
rick, "that the agitation of the financial
phase of the agricultural question has
undoubtedly brought many people into1
the field who only see here an oppor-J
tunlty for creating a security which wilt
have a wide market Of course we can-J
not prohibit them from entering this
field and organizing under present laws,'
but I would urge that a timely remind
er be given ' he people, recalling the)
Infinite harm that came to our country
from the exploitation of Europe In our!
early dajs of railroad building wlthr
railway securities of unlimited Issue, un
checked by any State restriction
"The plan which I am now at work
upon by the dlrecUon of the President
Is of the greatest magnitude It affects
every Individual in the United States.
It Is essential that the government
both Federal and State, assume due reJ
sponslblllty and thus prevent a recur-J
rence of these errors of the past This1
field must not be permitted to be over-i
run by Irresponsible people without!
check of legislation.
"The study which we have made oE
the co-operative and mortgage systems
of Europe has demonstrated beyondf
question that these organizations, with
or without stats aid. but all inspected!
and carefully guarded by the state, have
resulted In financing, in the most satis
factory way, the agricultural Interests oi
to Avert War
Paris. Oct 2. A conference was held at
the French Foreign Office this afternoon
to discuss was and means of averting
war In the Balkans. Representatives at
Paris of all the powers Interested In the
Eastern embroglio were present but no
announcement was made of the result
The coalition of tho Balkan States
against Turkey came as a surprise to
all Western Europe, and the Bulgarian,
Minister's assertion that his country ls
In good financial condition Is not gen-j
erally credited, as it Is known that I
Bulgaria has been trying to float a loan)
In Paris for some time.
Dispatches from Berlin Indicate that
the Balkan war scare forced breaks of
from to two points In prices on reallza
Uons on the Bourse, but the market
showed greater power of res'stance.
Balkan War Certain,
Ambassador Rockhlll cabled the State
Department jesterday from Constanti
nople that a general mobilization of the
entire Ottoman army was In progress,
and that the situation Is regarded as
most serious Other advices to the De
partment Indicate that war Is certain
among the Balkan States and Turkey.
The United States Is not In the sllgh-
est degree Interested in the Balkan situa
tion. It is stated here. Though the State
Department Is watching the progress of
events In the present crisis. Its Interest
Is only that of a government desiring the
maintenance of peace throughout the
orld There are no American Interests
in that part of the world such a would
be affected by the present political and
Army officers here take a professional
Interest In the accounts of the military
movements already In progress. The
Balkan States are credited with a high
degree of efficiency in the arts of war
u'Tf 'thrurk.sh soldier" are-
sldered most excellent by American offi
TURKEY APPOINTS GENERAL
TO TAKE CHARGE IN BALKANS
Constantinople, Oct 2. Abdullah Pasha,
next to Enver Bey. the most brilliant
soldier In Turkey, to-day was appointed
commander-in-chief of the Turkish force
In the Balkans.
At the same time It was announced
that, after an all night session, the cab
inet had decided to refuse to release
shipments of ammunition to Servla which
were held up by Turkish authorities.
Seizures of the fifty-two Greek ships In
the Black Sea and the Golden Horn for
use es transports has begun.
CAPITAL MAN BOBBED.
Buffalo. N. Y., Oct 2,-Malcolm A.
Coles, attached to the office of Attorney
General Wlckersham at Washington, to
day reported to the police that a suit
case; the contents of which he valued at
$150. was stolen last night from a lodging-house
at 271 Washington Street A
Detroit sailor, who gave the name Of
Walter E. Huff, who occupied an adjoin
ing room, was arrested and charged with
The suit case waa afterward recovered,'1
as were Us contents, with ITiu Tlssslllnii .
loitMeMra.kkzdna " - .si.
x rj)&3i3w&&U&xet:-' nJxai&&B?tyg-:
&3.jaia8)- fe. W.e U -feyi