f . -f a
THEWASHDTGTQy HEgATJ), STURDAY.jipCTOBEIt 5. 1912.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1S1X
Morgan, Dixon, and Roosevelt
There is an old saying that nothing
u so apt to bring out a man's true
character as a game of cards. This
week's scenes in the Senatorial com'
mittee room, where the national cam
paign fund contributions are being in
vestigated, have taught us the lesson
to look elsewhere, beside a card table,
if one desires to study human charac
teristics, dispositions, and shortcomings.
While we are convinced that cam
paign publicity after election practically
does not amount to a picayune; yet
with the exception of a few weeks of
rest, which the overworked Senators
certainly needed after the long session,
this committee has been steadily at
wprk. It has summoned witnesses from
all the leading parties, and, no doubt,
wjll make due haste to hear them be
One witness, J. Pierpont Morgan,
may be a plutocrat, a money-trust or
ganizer, but the plainness, the lucidity,
and the straightforwardness, the mod
esty of mien with which he replied to
the examining Senators ought to be
an object lesson to those of the sort of
his predecessor on the witness stand,
who laugh and sneer at "authority."
This is not written to go into the
merits or demerits of the case. The
news columns merflow with the details,
and as long as the inquiry has not
reached its end all comment at best
would be just mere guesswork. This is
a character study only. And in this con
nection let us recall an incident to show
whether the Bull Mooe Senator from
Montana or the famous New York
financier is the true type of American
patriot It was in the early 'ob's, at
the beginning of the civil war. England
had permitted the Confederacy to build
and fit out its vessels in British ports.
England knew that the South had cot
ton, meaning money, whereas the Union
had neither one nor the other, nor even
an army to speak of. Lincoln and his
Cabinet were in a quandary. No one
seemed to know how to meet this
crisis. At last our then Minister in
London was requested to lay the matter
before the British Foreign Office and
to impress upon our British cousins how
reprehensible their action was and how
distressing and perhaps fatal to the
Downing Street professed to see the
error of its ways, but demanded a dc
posit of $5,000,000 in gold in order to
"reimburse England for possible dam
ages resulting to her industries from
this sudden stoppage of aid to the Con
federacy." The Foreign Secretary de
manded that this amount be deposited
within fie days. It was before the
das of the trans-Atlantic cable, and
it would take fully two weeks to com
municate with Washington. Our Min
ister was nonplussed. That evening he
received a caller in the person of Junius
Spencer Morgan, father of J. Pierpont
Morgan, the head of the famous Anglo
American banking house of Peabody
& Co. It so happened that young Mor
gan, then in business in New York, was
in London at the time, and, by his re
quest Peabody & Co. offered the Amer
ican Minister the ?5.ooo,ooo in gold,
which was duly deposited in Downing
This action of Mr. Morgan some
fifty j'ears ago is but little known by
the general public, but it shows the
true American spirit of the "plutocrat"
And now as to CoL Roosevelt We
know his characteristics, but impulsive
blusterer that he is, his sins o'f com
mission are the outcome more of his
ambition and self-assertiveness than a
direct desire to do Wrong. Heis sim
ply convinced of his mission. His tes
timony yesterday was given by the man
who knows that he is a defendant, but
also a respecter of law and authority.
He came well prepared. Every assertion
he made he was able to prove by his
letter copy-book, which naturally went
a great way toward making a good
case for himself. He was completely
fortified with truth that seemed on the
face of it irrefutable. He demonstrate
ed 'that Harriman had come to him.
offering money instead of Roosevelt
seeking Harriman -for the purpose.
Mr. Roosevelt produced a copy of
Ins letter to Cortelyou, demanding that
the $100,000 contribution from Standard
Oil be returned forthwith.
Thus ifappears that as 'far as he was
personally concerned his .skirts are
clean, and it is suspected that, knowing
tiis,-Chiirman Clapp, who is a great I f
friend and admirer of the colonel, laid
so much stress Upon baring him testify.
iW CoL Roosevelt insists Chairman
Hilles and Congressman Bartholdt,
who chareed that Sxxxojxa had
been spent in the Roosevelt pre-
convention campaign be called before
the committee to substantiate their
claim, ii not surprising. And the up
shot of it all appears to be this: If
what Mr. Roosevelt says and proves by
his letter files and records is true, and
either Cortelyou or Bliss- failed to re
turn money to magnates or corpora'
tions, that bad a .handle to it, it is
the latter who will have to bear the
brunt of public displeasure, but not
Mr. Roosevelt All this, however, will
appear when either, corroborating or
refuting further testimony will be heard.
Declines to Die.
The obstinate refusal of the Republi
can party to die is a flat defiance of the
highest medical authority as represented
by Dr. Roosevelt who on last Saturday
pronounced the Republican party dead.
He turned to his Southern audience
with, the verdict "The Republican
party is dead." But the party itself per
sists in saying that like the Irishman,
it may be dead, but is not conscious of
it It has a will to live which, after
Dr. Roosevelt's sentence of death, is
positively wicked. Why can it not be
"resigned" and give up the struggle?
Instead, we see it acting as if it were
very much alive, raising money, work
ing like beavers, even pretending to be
President Taft actually has the im
pudence to assert that it is the third
party which is dying, and that the Re
publicans are getting more vigorous
and hopeful every day. Such effrontery
naturally troubles Dr. Roosevelt, who
announces that he can prove by many in
fallible signs that life is extinct
Observing from his platform at
Springfield, Mo, a campaign banner
bearing the name of the President of
the United States, Mr. Roosevelt said:
Any man who supports the receiver
of stolen goods stands on a level with
the receiver of the stolen goods. He
is a dishonest man, and is unfit to as
sociate with honest men.
We wonder how many readers of
this remark said to themselves, when
they laid their papers down, "Who is
We call these incidents to mind in
the light o'f the comment made upon the
President by Gov. Wilson, the Demo
cratic candidate for the Presidency.
Speaking at Minneapolis, in a part of
the country where Mr. Taft is unpopu
lar, he had critcised the policies of the
Republican administration. But he
I want to pay my tribute of respect to
the President of the United States. I
do not believe that any man in the
United States who knows his facts can
question the patriotism or the integrity
or the public purpose of the man who
now presides at the executive office in
We doubt if there was a single lis
tener to that utterance or a single
reader of it who did not say to himself:
"This is a magnanimous campaigner,
and a gentleman."
British Naval Reforms.
Mr. Churchill has not been long at
the British Admiralty, but already he
has left there an impression which will
remain. The important improvements
of which the cable speaks mark the
third stage in a far-reaching programme
of reform which he is carrying out
with characteristic thoroughness. Al
ready he has brought a naval war staff
into being and has devised a new ss
tem of lower deck promotion. Now he
has progressed still further. The re
port outlines a redistribution of the
work of the Admiralty Board and a re
formed method of dealing with finance.
The work of the Admiralty has not only,
during recent times, grown in volume,
but has become more exacting, and the
reorganization equalizes the labors of
the board. That will most naturally cre
ate greater efficiency. Toward the same
end the revision of the regulations and
procedure of Admiralty finance, which
as it expands become more complex,
should contribute in a very marked de
The notification o'f the changes in the
regulations and the instructions is per
haps the most interesting section of the
documents. AH who have read Mr.
Stephen Reynold's articles on the treat
ment of the human element in the Brit
ish navy will know what a complex
question the lower deck presents. The
bluejacket of to-day is a man who, in
character and intelligence, has progress
ed a long way from the type of man
for whom existing rules and regula
tions were very largely made.
It stands to reason that he must be
subject to treatment regulated on a
different and more humane standard.
Discipline and punishment under chang-J
ing conditions present a difficult prob-J
lem not to be solved by one stroke of
the pen. But the changes prove that Mr.
Churchill is fully alive to the impor
tance of this particular part of naval
reform. A number of punishments are
swept away. The alterations, such as
they are, will have only one effect; they
will tend to do,, away with discontent
while not prejudicing discipline. It is
obvious that Mr. Churchill has only
made a beginning here There are nn
merous grievances to be dealt with; but
the First Lord has clearly shown the
navy and the public'that he is on the
proper road, and that his policy means
reform in all directions. ,
Brown So you spent Sunday with the
Sububs, eh? How far Is thelr-houae-froxn
- "? two mile as tbe dust
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
J IROWN OCTOBER.
When brown October comes aloof
The nuts and ale are Drqwn.
Brown pippins now
Bend low the bough:
Brown leaves come sifting-, down.
BroWn sheaves are In the meadows
Browh quail thelrjlays rehearse;
And In the press
Is more or less
Of brown October verse.
There's & country editor not a thousand
miles from here who. when he sets shy
on copy, runs In a couple of columns of
Re Makes m. Hit.
"Are you wslklns around the world on
a blr betr
, "Survivor of the San Francisco alias
ter. no doubtt"
"No. ma'am: I'm Just a plain tramp."
"Come In and I'll cook you a real
October O In History.
October 6, 1301 Great shooting match
between Robin Hood and William Tell.
October s, 1755-Boswell and Dr. John
son partake freely of brown October ale
and are taken In by the watch.
"I should think you'd object to your
wife wesrlne a man's coat and vest"
"Why should I! I get the trousers that
so with these suits.'
A Late Vocation.
The blr hotel Is but s shell.
And you wax slum and glummer.
No girls are on the porch or lawn;
They have been sone
An Unsrrsiclons Ad.
"Mr. Wombat won't you take some
space In our lodge programme?"
"Guess I'll have to," said the mer
chant. "And what shall we put In It?"
"Just say Wombat the grocer wss
stuck tlO for this space."
Take It Either Way.
"I took a straw vote on the train just
"Straws show. I'll bet It favored our
"No; It went against him."
"Oh. well. A straw vote doesn't mesn
"Disgusting, bah Jove! He bwoke a
vase over my head, and yet the disgust
ing Jury acquitted him of assault"
Well, Cholly, you should have had him
charged with destroying private prop
erty." Market Vnlne of ITamana.
From tha New Tot Mail.
What Is a human life worth? Certainly
very little progress haa been made to
ward standardizing the valuation of the
average human being. Doctors disagree,
and so d6 the courts. The Medical Record
says that a State board of health re
cently estimated the value of a baby at
KOOO. A college professor held It to be
worth (130.000. But another college pro
fessor held the value of a man to be but
CO. A German scientist computes the
average man to be worth J7.E0 to sift.
Where lies the truth? The fact is that
probably the value varlea so enormously
with Individuals and with the time and
the place that there Is no striking an
The value of a man Is really a kind of
balance struck between the estimate that
he puts on himself and the valuatloathat
his enemies and detractors put upon him.
Jones rates himself very high but his I
Jones rates nimseir very nign nut his -y "".,". V.i. Tii n. ..!
neighbors mark him way down. A41"'h1 .r?!h M
h. m tim nmh.hiv ,v,. .. the regimental cut Is everywhere fol-
hT ar times nrohahlv. wh m'
the HO man feels msrked down to about
From th. Brookljn Lift
Crawford What do you think Is the
key to success?
Crabshaw To be sure you're In right
then go ahead.
VOL. VI. NO. 21.
Ou Motto; Uyvm tf it la Th Bi(
Stick, it isn't ncctwtril-f to.
WHAT THEY ARE
Ro JatuninsI Fnlkenon. alii
th "Baine Doctor for Wi
luxuriant growth of hair and fall
Adolph Da Vinci toehl. dispenser
of joja and sorro, for his un
quenchable penchant for olrfecta of
art. ineludinc Japanese bronze,
French paintings (la. la. lala, la),
and the celebrated Mona Lisa,
which Adolph claima to bare In hla
Harry Derby Trice, the hotel top
ictator of our hated riial down the
pike, or his superstition,
Mein Berr Charier Adonis Eck
stein, for his sylph like figure, his
sunny smile, and his Insonmla. as
well as other concomitant!.
Ernest Francesco Doyle, Washing
ton's celebrated tonsoiial contortion
K, for bis genuine admiration for
T. R. and Wo. J. Bryan (tea bee )
CiJTert Dreadongbt Rosenthal for
his double-torreted appearance ud
his Gallic rooster, as well as bis
Mln host Frank Bararin Hlght,
of the New Willard caraTansary. for
Ms globnlar rotundity, his diplo
matic finesse and suarity ef manner
Junes Bralcnns Oretn. the Beta
Brumffitl of the lotsl bar, for his
SKtrrraotsica!. theofociei, tM fcis-
CoL. II Wfll Dr.. Robert (M.
leri Hirjm- for his dlrcomlri to
fetmhh betdiches snd hU rrom.
oi muinf money oat of mnjthlnr
Dr. MuailBerotUririm feellhttnen
for the fremt iSitliictloa cncfmtd
upon blm by his matotr. rarnr
rnnos jotepa or inma.
s Arthur Whilestit BUsrfcud for
hU tfferrtxlns snd babbtfng ttixrt
talks sad bats and scarf pint.
Thomas Asmnoca flrern for tak
ins all sorts of risks and his Boll
Moo ihirt. collars, irhlch set off
hla handsome, classical countenance
to treat adrantare. t
William Aehdnlleber Entrl. der
frmndlirho UrTbercirater, for hla
bat and ball propensities and his
Warns Roamms Blair, of Atlan
tic City and BrisaotlDt. and Charles
Rnbieond Conaer. of Atlantic aty
sod Aheccon Inlet, ire. In oar Twt'M
looklnj the part and no mistake.
Howard. Actco has a new Norfolk
GAMBLINGHS A RAPID ,
GROWING EVIL IN EUROPE
Not only In England, but also In -France
and America, the police authorities are
confronted with a npldly-rrowW evil
with which they scarcely know how to
deal. Gambling dens usually luxurious
flats are springing up In all directions.
In London and Paris, and thousands of
pounds change hands at single sittings.
It was not long ago-that at aWest End
gambling den. a prominent member of
the turf lost 1.000 pounds at baccaret
at one sitting, Wthlle In one week a well
known peer Is said ( to have lost 15,000
It Is no uncommon thing for society
women to lose-GOO to 1.000 pounds In one
day. 'Indeed, the gambling fever among
a certain section of the smart set Is so
strong that they have no Interest in any
thing else. Now and again, of course,
we hear that the police have raided pne
of these dens and a heavy fine Is Imposed
on the proprietor, who pays ' cheerfully
and willingly, for the fine represents but
the smallest fraction of the profit he
makes. And soon he sets up another
nat in some other district
A profit of 7,000 pounds a week Is not
at all unusual, and It is .estimated that
the "croupier" of one rambling resort
In the West End made no less than
100,000 pounds In a very short time. The
usual plan is. for the proprietor or tne
flat In consideration of permitting
gambling to take place on his premises
and accepting all risks, to receive com
mission on the money won during the
evening, and It Is the usual thing for
him to receive 100 or 500 pounds commli
sion for a single sitting.
In France the state. In order to limit
gambling as much as possible, recognizes
about ISO gambling houses and keeps
them more or less under surveillance;
but it Is estimated by the police that at
the present time there are no fewer
than 4.000 gambling houses conducted in
France In defiance of the law, and that
Paris has between 3X) and 300 Illegal
clubs where play for high stakes goes
on alt night Borne Idea of the profits
of these gambling dens may be gath
ered from the fact that the profits of
the houses recognized by the state
amounted last year to U0O.000 pounds.
The Illegal gambling clubs In France
are mostly run by ne'er-do-wells, who
manage to keep out of the clutches of
the police by staying In the background
while the den Is run by a subordinate.
who, of course, gets a good share of the
profits. Some pt these men make colos-
Mi lununrs. . Afircc urvicj uiio a
coachman, the second a cook, and the
third a groom after running a gambling
den for some years, retired with 1.500.000
between them, while another proprietor,
who began lite as a small shopkeeper,
makes, it is estimated. 100,000 every
)ear. his fortune being estimated at the
present time at close upon 1000,000.
Amazing figures. Indeed, but they are
easily understood when It Is mentioned
that It Is no uncommon thing for the
fair Parlslenne to gamble to the extent
of 10,000 a week and come back with
more when that amount has found Its
way Into the pockets of the croupier.
I spoke some time ago of the unclassl-
cal volume of, hair required by the so
called classical coiffures now so modish.
Ten years ago 30.000 kilos of false hair
were Imported Into France to meet the
demands of the coiffeurs. In the last
twelve months the official returns state
that It has risen to 674.250 kilos. -The
market apparently Is not glutted. Moat
this hair comes from China and
Japan. The members of the far Eastern
embassies Siamese, Chinese, and Japan
esewore either long tails or knobs or
colls of hair tightly twisted on the tops
of their heads. All this has disappeared.
The pigtails were sacrificed to republics n
progress In China and the knobs or colls
to military progress In Japan. In the
Invnwn 'Vouch uncial the nM vav
regimental cur. is every
'owed.vby "J" and ls- Boys' halr l8
finer than that of adults.
The women of all ranks (are they not
right?) cling to the old-fashioned st)le.
which so well suits them. A kilo la a
trlfle more lhan two English pounds.
One ned not be a poor arithmetician
to see bow considerably the Imported
false hair now exceeds In the course of
twelve months a million pounds weight.
THE BIG STICK
WASHINGTON, OCTOBER 5.
ENEMY OF BLUE LAWS
Believes in Progression Alonf Business I ines.
I B. Echloa Is not only a factor In the amurement world, but he
Is by nature a patriot and rcogres&iTe. Old fashioned cocsaratlsm
and adherence to ancirnt precedent Is like poison to his agrrnsiTe tern-
and be works Intently to bring his amusements up
dition and the blue laws of Maryland.
Mr. bcblon la manager of Glen Echo Paik. where be Is a busy and
practical man in tha aummer season, and where between seasons he
makes things more attractive for next year's jtrrxiage. Mr. Schlosa
Las waged many a battle against the stubborn censerrattsm of the State
of Maryland. He will admit that he expects to be baled Into court at
any time and fined 100 poundiUif tobacco for some forgotten offense
agartist tbe senntrenth century laws 4 the -Commonwealth. Manager
Schlosa Is not a law breaker In the ordinary meaning of tbe team, but
only a willful protortant against laws enacted for ancient society and
not remored from the statute books by an Indifferent people.
Schlosa swears be will keep at the Maryland statutes and the preju
dice which makes nse of them until they are sent to the legislature
scrap heap, where they belong.
INCLUDES T! R.
, Emerson, in bit essay on "Experi
ence." has well remarked that- we
an alt "poor empirical pretenslona.
Dors it not seem evident that X
R. would be Included in this cate-
Kyle P. Price will attack Roosa
TtH before thaT'Young Men's Demo
cratic Club this week.
J. Fred. Keller and & A. New
THERE ARE OTHERS
We bate to seem ungenerous or
lacking In charity, but we cannot
refrain from expressing the wish,
that somebody would take tha
trouble to step on the toes of the
person who always Insists on stand
ing In the door of tha ejeraior when
others are trying to get in or out.
Frank Hitchcock. Postmaster Central.
'TIS PITY. TIS TRUE.
"This beauty of mine has been
my curse all through my life, says
Tom Klrtf. "I cannot eecapt from
my t ace."
w. t ex-Hat. committee-J
Part of It Is dressed and made up ready
for use and forwarded on to the United
States, they being the largest consumers
c Parisian wares intended to adorn the
fair sex. Black hair Is now having its
turn as more fashionable than the ripe
wheat (yellow), or the carrot-heart
blonde. French art alone can give the
rroper flexibility and sllklness to the
coarse-grained tresses of the far East
"The Madonna of the North" last
spring presented her husband. Crown
Prince Gustavus Adolphua of Sweden
with a third son and fourth child. Prince
Bcrtli. The crown prince and princess
are known as the "Model Royal Couple
of Europe." They were married at
Windsor, 1505. She is the eldest daughter
of the Duke and Duchess of Connaugbt
and sister of Princess Patricia, who has
made herself so popular In the United
States and Canada. The eldest boy of
the crown princely pair, wno bears the
same historic name as his father. Is six
j ears old; their second son. Prince Big
vard. Is five; the third child. Princess
Ingrld, Is two; the baby Bertll, Is seven
months. The erown prince married for
love. They met at Cairo and were per
mitted to make, their choice of each
other without troubling the diplomats.
King Edward of England approved the
Like her cousin, the Queen of Spain.
the crown princess Is a devoted mother.
She has Introduced English methods of
child culture In her adopted country. All
her children are sturdy specimens of
youthful royalty. They are dressed In
the English fashion ard are being
brought up under healthful conditions
like Britons of the middle class. Their
mother, who Is devoted to art and to
outdoor sport. Is practically leader of
Sweduh society. When Crown Princess
Margaret first took her place at the
Swedish court her Informal manners
provoked astonishment but always she
has been most democratic In England
her most Intimate friends were Ameri
can girls Miss Jean Reld, Miss Muriel
vvnue, and Miss Breese. But almost
every member of the charming coterie
Is married now.
With the death of Prince Nicholas
Lusijman In St Petersburg, at the age
of fifty, ends the oldest royal line In the
world. Prince Nicholas was the only
son of Luslgnan VI. King of Cyprus.
Syria, and Jerusalem until the year 1878,
when the English occupied Cyprus. His
house has reigned there since the days
of the crusades. The British govern
ment offered King Luslgnan a pension
if he would formally renounce his claims
and retire to some spot In the British
empire, but the monarch refused, saying
he would rather die In penury than
renounce his rights to his foes.
He nss exiled from Cyprus and went
to St Petersburg, where his family was
brought up. They all died in poverty
and Prince Nicholas ended his life In
hospital. This snclent line came from
the town of Luslgnan. In France. They
were known In history as Counts of
Forez. till the eleventh century, hen
one of them became King of Cyprus and
Jerusalem, taken from Moslems by the
Knights of the Cross.
Nicholas, clad in rags, was fond of
saying that all the reigning princes of
Europe were mushrooms compared to
him. He spent most of his time In res
taurants and wine cellars, where he had
his little crowd of followers, who ad
dressed him as "jour royal highness"
(Conrixtt. nil bi Coon Gwlp Srallcite.)
From th BrooUjn titr.
The Father Can you support my
daughter In the style to which she has
The Suitor Tes. but not in the style
to which her mother and you have been
trying to make me think for the past
six months she has been accustomed.
Not Mnrb to It.
reus th. Brooklyn Life
Summer Girl (at seashore) A penny
for your thoughts.
Her -Escort I was lust thinking that
If a moth had only your bathing suit to
eat. It would starve to death.
In accordance with the new law
requiring all leading newspapers to
print their circulation and to mark
the news that la printed next to the
pure adTerUting matter, e hereby
announce tbe following
The Big 6tick-Clrra!ation. 5,000
000000. Entered in tbe WatJu. D.
C. p. o. as fint-claM nutter
AdT CoL Robert L. Montague
desires to announce to his many
friends that he has found & new joke
In looking orer tht flies of 1360 at
his Shenandoah alley plantation.
I POLITICAL MUTTERINGS.
If, after the second Tuesday of
next month, we find our dirttn
Cnished. not to say esteemed Fre.
rand. V Wilson, has been chosen
for that high office by the great
common poe-pal of thit ree-lorius
country, w will resurrect the boom
of our old friend. Dr. Frank Baker,
for Diit. Ctmmlsh on the Zoological
HE FEELS BETTER NOW.
The poet now
Writes ererr day
About s rosset
It seems that now
It's all the mode
To ariel a new
But wait a month.
And tlien you'll ae.
Hun retting off
In dull rtorember
To nse cambler'a alans.
"square deal" (In proper KnclUh.
fair play) to want three for your
self and befrndrt? your friend more
than one. or to treacherously deprire
ONE MIGHT BE FOUND.
From l1-. tjclrersal Marriage Ad
TertUer. Kansas City. Mo. Tonne unin
cumbered widow, are 33. wt. UL
5 ft. 3 In. tali, brown halr. haul
eyes, sffectionats, high strurg.
bcotch. Baptist. Want to hear
from s large, broad-abouldervd
man, about t feet S or M In. tall,
dark halr and eyes, nice dresser,
food cf music, very affectionate.
kind, and horn luring, who woujet
apprecUt s good wife and com
panion. I har s eery flno con
tralto Talcs. Dtar some, and dance:
a. good mixer.
(Mayba Mai Silfetter wmld so
kind enough to como to the aasbt
anc of tht widow by sending her
on. of hla finest. Or msybe Mr.
Droop can apar her one of his
pisno moms Ed.) r
X Buya.all the Lumber' and' Mill work
en (7) room cottage no laths, no
X Ity German siding. No. 1 flooring. No.
&C and all No. 1 lumber, and we will
I set of Free Blue Print Plans to build
X suit or make new plans free for our
tlOO to J 150 lower than the bids of
T and ai.vg the best quality In our
I j tZ
6th St & N. Y. Ave.
Dy GKORGB FITCH.
Author of. "At Good Old Slwash.
West Virginia was originally a part of
Virginia, but was hopelessly separated
from It by republicanism, unionism, and
a range of mountains with only cattle
trails over them. The two parts of Vir
ginia got along fairly well until the civil
war, when Eastern Virginia seceded and
Western Virginia dared Its other half to
come over the mountains and take her
along. In 1S63 the United States govern
ment performed a much-needed opera
tion and separated the State along the
backbone of the Allegheny Mountains,
after which West Virginia became a
State, and has been slowly overhauling
East Virginia ever since.
West Virginia Is a coal pocket In the
Appalachian Mountains. It has more
coal mines than drug stores, and most
of its farms sre two-storied wheat above
and coal entries beneath. It Is the sec
ond largest coal producing State in the
Union, and most of its railroads side
track passenger trains to let coal trains
go by. West Virginia also produces a
large share of the print paper In the
country, but lets New Vork and Chlcagj
decorate it with headlines.
West Virginia contains S.OOO square
miles, and is shaped like a skillet that
has been stepped on by a horse It ram
bles around the southwestern corner of
Pennsylvania so carelessly that It takes
five States, four rivers, snd several
mountain ranges to bound It It Is a
husky State for Its age and contains
l.50,OCO people, half of whom used to
take off their hats to Steve Elklns. United
States Senator and near-father-in-law of
GRAVEYARD P1EET PATCHED UP
Ml Kinds of Windjammers to Carry
firnln on Pacific.
From the Vancoorer Sun.
With a bumper crop of barley esti
mated at K0.CW0 tons. California grain
ratn stand to lose Immense sums on,!neT
to the lack of tonnage for handling the
crops. The utmost carrying; capacity of
all the vessels in sight Is between off.009
and 60.000 tons. The ships of England
and other nations, which formerly had
ample space for the grsJn. hae all their
tonnage taken months ahead, and most
of them are engaged elsewhere at sucn
high rates that they are not considering
Pacific coast shipments.
The situation in California Is a sample
of what pertains to the whole coast. In
cluding British Columbia, and the scar
city of tonnage will be felt more acutely
toward the end or tne ear. it is ciaimea.
Old sailing ships which had been towed
to the Oakland estuary as obsolete In
view of the crowth of shipments by
steamers a few years ago are being over
hauled and patched up to handle the grain
in the absence of steamer tonnage. The
estuary for the past six years has become
a landmark because of the presence of
the immense fleet of sailing ships -wcicn
had been moored there to rot.
Among the boats are the Ferris S.
Thompson. Halcyon. Lurline. Reuce,
Charmer, California. Sonoma. Beulah.
Little Bonne, Diamond Head, Balboa and
a host of others, consisting of schooners.
barks, brigantlnes. and full-rigged ships.
MoBt of the vessels have been stripped
of their boats and gear,, but many of
them have been kept up in a hair-Interested
manner. It was belie, ed that the
da 3 of the windjamer were past and the
whole fleet could have been bought for a
Now een the worst of the old hulks is
being hauled out and patched up to make
a voage or two, and some of them will
be unable to pass the inspectors. The
freight situation has brought the wind
jammers to the fore once more ana tney
are as much In demand as they were be
fore steamships became general.
Children Natural Born Mars.
From the Brooklyn Eagle.
In a sermon on the vigilance of par
ents, at the Catholic Church of the As
sumption in Cranberry street. Rev. Will.
Ism J. Donaldson, the rector, said
among other things that parents were
too prone to believe that their children
could tell only the truth, and were in
capable of telling a falsehood. He said
that as a matter of fact that most little
children were natural born liars.
"Please don't believe." he told the
many parents of his congregation, "all
of the tales of ill treatment your little
folks bring; home from school. Doubtless
each one of you think that jour own
particular youngster is a marvel of In
nocence, a little George Washington,
whose statements must be true, and
straightway you shower criticism on
very hard working, patient teachers who
try to correct him, I deplore the tenden
cy to parents to give credence to all a
child may say, when as a matter of fact,
little children are natural born liars."
From the Spokane Chronicle.
Father." said the small boy. "what Is
"A demagogue, my son. Is a man who
can entertain an audience so thoroughly
that people don't care what his personal
opinions happen to be."
If Mary Garden wore more clothes.
And RnMlan dancers ran to hose;
If La Follette would nerer more
Appear with, halr trrred pompadour;
If Camegle refused to aire
Adrice on how young men should Ure;
If Theodore gate "I" th snub
And ahelTcd the Ananias Club:
If Taft race frowned and left behind
That talk of the "Judicial mind;
ir Bryan had no word to say
But let his party go Its way:
It weather men were eometlmea right.
And street ears seldom Mllfd at night;
If those six books that sell the ben
Were not more jrmklflre than the rest;
If Edison srd Burbank pit,
Announcing some new wocdroas bit;
If in the cnat about The Oarae
One nerer listened Ty Cobb's name;
It cables nerer creaked and sagged
Xt-s Kipling's verse, and no one flisjged
Dorr WUey for pure food theme
How T-fni" would life seesU
needed' to build -thfalbeautlful sev
shingles in our list but all No. 1 qual-
1 glazed windows. Colonial columns,
furnish with the lumber a beautiful
this house. We revise our nlans to
customers. Our estimstes are always
Western house p!-an supply dealers.
Washington, D. C.
royalty, whenever they met him.
West Virginia was born In battle, but
lias had no other history except the
siege of John Brown at Harpers Ferry,
W. Va, In MOO It produced a Vice
Presidential candidate In Henry Gats
away Davis, one of our hardiest peren
nials, but' It has produced few other pon
derous citizens. Charleston is its capi
tal. Wheeling Its metropolis, and Pitts
burg Its favorite suburb. The favorite
"Used to take off their hat to Sters Elkina."
sport of rural West Virginia is climblr?
mountain ranges, to go to county fairs
on the other side, and the favorite) oc
cupation of the wealthy class is drinking
sulphur water in the southeastern moun
tains. (Copyright, 13C by Omu Matbew Adams.)
THE PEOPLE'S FORUM
PAY FOR ELECTIONS
Corporations Would Then Be on
Same Level as Any
Washington Oct, t. 1511
To the Editor The pending inxeetiga
tion by Senator Clapp and facts de
veloping in various was demonstrate
that for many cars our elections, both
State and national, hae been carried by
contributions of money made by cor
porations and wealthy IndUiduals rather
than by th people themseUes. and this
regardless of party. Now, those who pay
for a thing generally own It. and ought
If the people of the Unitd States want
to own their government the next four
ears they better pay the expenses at
electing it the President and all other
officers, both State and national them
selves. Every one. according to his or
her means, who de'ires to IUe unfit
good government should contribute to
defray the expenses upon precisely the
same principle that ordinary taxes are
If the people choose to sell their gov
ernment to Messrs Morgan, Rockefeller.
Rjan. and the rest rather than pay the
expenses of electing it themselves, why
let them suffer the consequences and
forever hold their peace about it. It Isn't
fair to make the corporations pay for
electing It and then cheat them out of a
government which they have bought and
paid for In hard cash.
I dont blame Mr. Morgan for weeping
on the witness stand before the whole
world when he thought the base in
gratitude of the people whose elections
and governments he and others have
bought and paid for so many years.
Taft has gone short of money now be
cause he has administered the govern
ment in the Interest of the people, al
though the corporations elected it. and
jet he wouldn't let them have it.
George R. Sheldon says they paid about
75 per cent of the cost, and the rich fel
lows no doubt .practically all the rest.
Now Is the time to reform.
The elephant and the donkey are both
starring. Only the bull moose has any
fodder. The Harvester Company seems
to be reaping great crops for him.
It is time that States and individuals
In every community took hold of this all
Important campaign. If the people ex
pect good government, or even to pre
serve liberty Itself, they must pay for
their own elections.
States sacrifice their rights when they
surrender the conduct of even Presi
dential campaigns chiefly to National
Committees and compel them to rals
.money to pay the expenses Th Con
stitution requires the States to appoint
the electors. A dominating national
management is a usurpation of the rights
of the people of every State, and to per
mit such management Is a neglect of
Constitutional duty by the people them
selves. Let each one of us throughout
our country forward some campaign con
tribution, and so pay for and own our
government during the next four year.
Then Mr. Morgan can "wipe his weep
ing eyes. as the hymn says. Lt us an
who do not forever hold our peace what
ever happens. What a power of good I
could do with a little money for the
league right now
HEMtY W BLAIIt.
President .National Anil Thin! Term League
Fran the Spokane Chronicle.
Pa Embrace me. Thora. Reginald has
asked jour hand in marriage.
Thora But I don t want to leave dear
Pa Oh. never mina mar- lano ner
along with you.
Frnn the Brooklyn Life.
Madge How can jou presume to make
love to him when you're already engaged?
Marjorle Pshaw, my dear! The fel-
tow's vacation must be nearly ovtr
J - w
j& - "$8&t5-
4. i. y-
as- j,fcs--?t, -fe i
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