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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, October 07, 1912, Image 1

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The Herald haa tie Iwgett
reornrnc none circahtiaav aa
Fair to-day and to-raorrow;
not much xhange in temperature.
Yesterday1! temperature Maxi
imam, 79; minimum, 53.
print all the tsews ot the worn
each day, in addinoa to
exclusive feature.
WASHINGTON. D. C.. MONDAY. OCTOBER1- 7. 1912. -TWELVE PAGES
.ONE GENT.
NO. 2193
m
BSBBSaassaam V ..BJhW . aetsaSl
HERALD
THE
m-K-Ti -m --m'M m' Pv.i' " l Wk '1k?M' 'v stv T
W AMMI1 1 1 tm
ZELIG'S SLAYER
POSES AS HERO;
SHOWS NO FEAR
Siys Hi His Dom PbMIc i
Ml ly Mine Down
Liidir of Gmfstirs.
READY TO PAY THE PEHALTY
GAMBLING GRAFT
EVIDENCE TAKEN
IN COUNTY PROBE
THE FROST IS ON TJffi PUMPKINS.
CRAKE TO TELL
PROBERS SIZE OF
HIS DONATIONS
Ghlcaio Man. Who Badctd Bofli
La FoHitti and WHsofl. Bt-
fori Clapp GonnittN.
OTHERS WILL TESTIFY
BULGARIA NOT
FIGHTING TURKS
FOR VENGEANCE
a - TW
a
't-
,
PlliC! AkSllTMl fTM SlSp'KiH if
Caiplicity in Mirier Stary
Is YarifiBi.
New Tork. Oct , Proclaiming that he
had committed a murder which wig a
great beneflt to the public. Phillip David
son, the man who killed Zell- J. Alberts.
"Big Jack Zellg." last night, went to
the Tombs to-day to await the corner"
Inquest to be held next Wednesday morn
ing. The statement was made by the Inof
fensive looking produce dealer without
he slightest attempt at bravado.
"I realize that I will have to forfeit
my life In the electric chair, but the poor
people of the East Side will no longer
have to suffer through that fellow's dep
redations." he said quietly.
With a stoicism that has never before
been witnessed by the police of this city.
Davidson parted with his wife before
he was sent to the Tombs.
"Going to Electric Chair."
"Glrllc." he said slowly, as the weep
ing woman threw her arms over his bulky
shoulders. "I am afraid I will hae to
leave jou. I killed Jack Zellg. He never
worked, and always robbed hard working
people. He robbed me. 1 have rid the
Hast Side of one of the worst men that
ever lived. I am going to the electric
chair for It, but people will be glad
Jack Zellg is gone. Dear girl, this may
be the last time I may ever see you. But
if I don't come back to jou. I guess your
relatives will take care of you. I am
sorry, and I am not sorry for what I did.
Now, good-by, and don't worry.
His wife, hardly able to realize the po
sition her husband Is In. did not reply.
She simply kissed him and saw him led
on. handcuffed to a detective.
There was a demonstration when Da
idson was taken from the Mulberry
street station for arraignment Deiore tne
coroner. A large crowd of worklngmen
and women of the neighborhood who be
lieve in law and order were on hand to
see-the man rholuid killed "Big Jack?
Zellg.
Crovfd Applaud.
With a trace of shame on his face,
Davidson walked down the stairs be
tween two policemen.
'Good for you. young fellow: you ought
to get a medal for what jou did last
night," they shouted to him.
The prisoner did not seem to hear and
shrunk behind the policemen as if he
feared something.
After his arrest last night, Davidson
was closeted with Deputy Police Com
missioner George Dougherty, Inspector
raurot. and District Attorney Whitman
until 4 o'clock this morning. He stuck to
the story he told Just after his arrest.
Through the statement he made as to
where ho had purchased the gun he used
and the complete substantiation of his
story by the man from whom he pur
chased it, rumors that the Police De
partment may have had a hand In the
murder were stilled.
Davidson Telia Story?
The story about the grudge which
Davidson held for the dead gang leader
as told to Inspector Dougherty and Dis
trict Attorney Whitman is as follows:
"I have known 'Big Jack' Zellg a
long time. I never knew an thing
good of him. I heard that whenever
he was In need of money he would
compel little storekeepers in the East
Side, to give him money whenever he
demanded It. It was hard 01. these
poor storekeepers, who, made hardly
enough money to feed themrelves. I
have a fairly prosperous fruit business
and always considered myself lucky
not to have been made one of Zelig's
victims.
"Last Friday night I went to a ball
in Stuyvesant Casino. I saw 'Big Jack
there. He followed me to the cloak
room and asked me for money. I re
futed to give It to him. Without an
other word he struck me on the eye
and knocked me to the ground. Then
he went through my pockets and took
all my money, about IIS, and left.
Bua Revolver.
"Stunned, I left the halt The next
morning I resolved to 'see Zellg and
ask him for my money. I needed it
badly. He threatened to lick me, and
I left him. I brooded all day over the
affair, and It made, me wild to think
that a man could do such things. I
had no money. I borrowed 110 from
a 'friend. Sam Sandler. I wanted to
buy ar revolver, and finish him. 1
couldn't buy a gun In New Tork, so I
went over to Jersey City, where I pur
chased a Smith and Wesson, .38-cal-ibre,
from a pawnbroker for $10. I
found Zellg In a coffee house at 76 Sec
ond Avenue and followed him to a car.
I sat behind him. and looked at him.
The more I looked at htm. the more his
nerve riled me. Finally I jumped up.
and got behind him. Bang, and Blg
Jack' Zellg was In a place where he
couldn't blackmail any longer. That's
all."
The pistol was a police department
revolver. No. "4812." and Its former
owner. Policeman Christopher F.
Maher. of Brooklyn, stated to-night
that he had lost the weapon eighteen
months ago In a soloon.
DE PAIMA SHOWS WO CHANGE.
Darlnar Alio Driver Mar Hare
Chance to Live.
Milwaukee, Oct. 8. The condition of
Ralph De Palma, Injured Saturday at
the finish of the Grand Prix race, shows
no change to-day and none Is expected
before to-morrow. The physicians Is
sued a statement saying that De Palma
sustained a compound fracture of the
leg and an abdominal puncture. They
add that unless " infection seta In the
patient will recover. Meanwhile he Is
not being allowed to receive any callers.
Caleb Brace Issued a signed statement
to-night saying
it was Impossible for
mm to nave allowed De Fauna to pass
only on car could hold the road at Ohio. 'Sunday. ...October is. Special
" " Jjrata leyeaCnloa:KaUoM s a. vT
SNSitioi Is Eiptcttd To-iiy
Winn 6riM) Jury Corvims
it Upper Mirltoro;
ROAD HOUSES "WIDE OPEN"
Print! Datectiro Mingle with
Gusts and 6et Names of Ma
terial Witnesses.
Sensational developments are expected
to-day when the grand jury of Prince
George County. Md., convenes at Upper
Marlboro and begins the probe into the
alleged gambling, grafting, and extor
tion practices which. It Is alleged, have
been prevalent throughout the county
for months.
Evidence uncovered yesterday by pri
vate detectives against the proprietor of
a certain roadhouse which serves the
purposes of a dining resort, saloon, and
gambling den Is said by the authorities
to Insure the conviction of trie proprie
tor, and will most likely culminate In his
being sent to the penitentiary.
Although the proprietor of the road-
house, which is the most disreputable
and notorious in the environs .of the Na
tional Capital, was cognizant of the
probe to be begun by the grand Jury, he
swung wide hla doors yesterday and did
a rush business, entertaining nearly MO
persons during the day.
Many Other Witnesses.
Auto parties, many including women
and girls, sojourned at the resort, ind
ate, drank, and made merry. So far as
is known, none of the fair sex partici
pated In the games of chance, but the
men and souths indulged In poker,
"sweat," faro, roulette and other favor
ite pastimes in which wagers are won
and lost.
I
Mingling with the guests were a num-
Jber of private detectives, who took notes,
recorded names and addresses, and gath
ered enough evidence. It Is said, to con
vict the proprietor of violations of sev
eral statutes. This evidence was turned
over last night to Attorney Charles Ben
edict Calvert, who will play an Impor
tant part In the grand Jury probe.
In addition to the road and gambling
house proprietors, a constable and a
justice of the jwace Vwlll receive atten
tion from the grand Jury. Judge Fill
more Bcall, of the District Court of
Prince George County, Is Incensed by
the acts ot graft and extortion practiced
bj this constable and Justice of the
Peace.
HlKh Officials Involved.
A number of high officials will be In
volved In the grand jury investigation,
it Is said, and men who seem to be in a
Position to know- predict that the probe
will result In the most astounding up
heaval the county has ever known. It
is charged that county officials have
been in collusion with gambling house
proprietors and that officials have perse
cuted a number of Ignorant and defense
less citizens in order to procure Ones,
which were divided as spoils among the
grafters.
Attorney Calvert has been procuring
evidence for several weeks with State's
Attorney Clarence M. Roberts at the
n-quest of a respectable portion of the
citizens of the county who want to see
the graft and gambling wiped out and
the grafters and gamblers lodged behind
cell bars.
BREAKS RECORD
FOR TIME IN AIR
Iieut. J. H. Towers, U. S. N., Stays
Up Six Hoars and Ten Minutes
in Hydroaeroplane.
Srrcial to The Washington Herald.
Annapolis. Md., .Oct. 6. Breaking the
American record for actual time In the
air, and the world's record for flying
time. In a machine of the hydroaero
plane type, together with the endurance
record for a military hydroaeroplane, was
the feat performed by Lieut. John H.
Towers, one of the corps of navy avi
ators on duty at the aviation camp here
to-day in a Curtiss machine, one of the
standard makes of hydroaeroplane adopt
ed by the navy for experimental pur
poses.
The actual time Lieut. Towers -was in
the air was 6 hours 10 minutes and 23
seconds, which exceeded by a large mar
gin all former records.
The flight was made by the lieutenant
for endurance purposes only, and when
he alighted at the aviation grounds short
ly before 1 o'clock this afternoon. Tow
ers said that his craft worked perfectly
and that he could have remained up sev.
eral hours longer but for the fact that
his supply of gasoline was fast becom
lng exhausted. Weather conditions were
propitious for the flight, which started
at 6: o'clock this morning. Lieut. Tow
ers drove his machine over a sort ot
circular course over the bay In the vl
clnlty of Annapolis. He did not attempt
to make any record for speed or altitude.
He kept the machine at an average
height of about 0O feet, clrculing about
the river front over a course of about
five miles in diameter.
EETEEAT SERVICES CLOSE.
Msrr. Bosiano Presides
t Holy
. Comforter Church.
Mgr. Bonzano. apostolic delegate - to
the United. States, presided at the ex
ercise last night at the Holy' Comforter
Church, Fourteenth and East Capitol
Streets. The service brought to a close
the retreat, for men and boys which has
been In progress at, that church for the
last week.
Rev. Dr.. Charles Warren Currier has
been preaching every evening, 2nd the
services were largely attended. After
the exercises last night a public recep
tion of new members Into the Holy
Cross Society was held.
QUIT SERVICES
TO FIGHT FIRE
Worshipers Rush from Gfiurch,
But Fail to Save Ken
sington Home.
"Dr. Hodge's house Is burning down."
announced Rev. Dr. J. B. Spencer in the
midst of his sermon in the Methodist
Episcopal Church at Kensington. Md.,
last night. "We had better try to save
It."
The congregation quickly recovered
from Its surprise at, the announcement,
and in a body rushed to the scene of the
fire, and resolved itself Into a bucket
brigade.
Despite the effort of the volunteer
fire fighters, the handsome residence of
Dr. Edwin R. Hodge, chief chemist of
the National Museum of this city, was
destroyed, the loss being estimated at
J7.SO0.
The fire broke out In the attic, a boy
passerby discovering the flames. He
alarmed the Inmates of the house. Dr.
Hodge and his wife and son. and a tele
Dhone messaae was sent to the church.
The flames had gained such headway
that It was Impossible to save more than
half of the furniture. Dr. Hodge had
no Idea of the extent of the fire" until
members of the congregation surrounded
the house. They could not account for Its
origin.
A collection of Ro was made up to aid
In buying proper fire apparatus for the
town. A meeting was called for next
Wednesday to take the first steps for
organizing a company.
This is the third fire in Kensington In
the last few months. Rev. Dr. Spencer,
who adjourned with the congregation, did
his part In fighting the flames.
CHURCH OBSERVES
ITS ANNIVERSARY
Temple Baptist Starts One Whole
Week of Special Celebra
tion Services.
In celebration of Its seventeenth anni
versary, the Temple Baptist Church.
Tenth and N Streets Northwest, opened
a special programme, which Is to con
tinue throughout the week, yesterday.
Hcv. J. J. Muir, who has been its pas
tor for twenty-three years, preached In
the morning on the "History of the
Church."
Women of the church had tastefully
decorated It with flowers and 'palms in
honor of the occasion. Communion
services were held. Rev. A. B. Withers,
of West Virginia, preached in the
evening.
Many churches have grown out ot the
Temple Baptist Church, and It Is Known j
as the "Mother of Churches." On Tiees
ilaiiAnlni 4lin r.m !.. Ii.aV.s
ii tit.- -.f-f ItTo ,- ... h..a. ;
Lrcv. gamuel H. Grene.f Calvary; Rev!
jonn crompton Ban, or the Metropolitan; '
Rev. John K. Briggs, of the Fifth, Bap-1
list: Kev. Hugn x. Stevenson, of the
Bethany; Rev. Hermon 8. Plnkham. and
Rev. H. V. Howlett will be the bearers
of the greetings.
Wednesday will be set aside for the
young people of. the church. Rev. S. G.
w.n ,in .j-.,... !.. . . ..
praise service wUl be held Thursday. atT1?
which C. N. Richards will give the his.
tory of the church. Friday evening will
be a social evening. Addresses' will be
made by the Rev. W. W. McMastcrs and
H. W. O. MUllngton, moderator of the
church. "v
BETTOR IK DAMAGED AUTO.
Three -Waahlsurtonlsuu Ik CalUaloa
with Baltimore Car. '
Three Washlngtonlans came ribmerom
Baltimore yesterday in a badly damaged
automobile 'as the' result ot a collision
with a street car ln to Monumental City.
In which they kaoeked.oir the rear Part
ot U atre .ar'a !atsravaa4 dasisfed
iwct rs.
the front of their machine.
They were Detlow Marklnson. 1419 Cllf.
ton Street Northwest; Y. Caswell, liOS
Glrard Street Northwest, and Joseph
J. Harnett. 1231 Irving. Street Northwest.
They were cut on the faces by thing
glass. They had their Cuts dressed at
near-by drug store. Bamett. who was
at the wheel, did not see the car in time
to stop.
TWOWAITRESSES
DIE IN FLAMES
Companions, in Serious Condi
tion and Two Man Hurt When
Restaurant Is Gutted.
New Tork. Oct. fi. Two young women
employed as waitresses in a restaurant
nt 3 Park Row. were suffocated to death
to-day in a fire that started In the fifth
floor from a defective flue and spread
rapidly to the other floors. Two other
waitresses are in a serious condition as
a result of being overcome by smoke.
while tvvo men employes were also In
jured. The restaurant was wrecked.
The dead:
Mrs. Nellie Glllman. of Brookljn.
Miss Adelaide Preston, of Brooklyn.
The'InJured:
John Gaffhey, address unknown, condi
tion critical.
Mary Powers. Brookljn.
Nellie Lovett. Brooklyn.
I. Huchreddy. Manhattan.
The fire' started Just as the women em
ployes were preparing to go to work at
noon. They smelled smoke, but thought
nothing of It until Huchreddy. almost
overcome, ran Into their room and called
out that the entire upper part of the
building was In flames. All made a rush
for the stairway, but found that escape
had been cut off.
See Girls at Window.
A hundred persons had been eating In
the restaurant and the smoke drove
them, panic-stricken. Into the street.
where they remained to watch the fire
men. While thus engaged a shout of hor
ror went up, for a girl was seen to make
her way to the window on the fourth
floor, while It was thought all had gotten
out of the building. Through the smoke
those In the street below could see the
girl imploring help. Then three more
forms of girls appeared, and all four
stood on the ledge of the building. Pres
ently one was seen to topple over back
ward, and a man was seen to make his
way out on the edge of .mother window.
where he called loudly for help.
Ladders were raised and ropes drop
ped from adjoining buildings, while a
great crowd in Park Row cheered the
firemen to renewed efforts.
Sherwood Brackwell. a member of the
Raleigh (N. C) fire department, who Is
serving an apprenticeship in the New
York City fire department: was the first
up the ladder. He grasped Miss Lovett
and quickly brought her to the ground.
Fireman Ferguson picked up Miss
Preston from the floor and found that
she was Insensible. He hurried her to
the ground, but she died before medical
aid could be summoned.
Mrs. Glllman was found suffocated and
ner clothing badly burned,
She had
I"?" '" under a ubIe ln a corner
UNITED STATES TO AID
MORMONS TO BETUBN
TO BAHCHES IE MEXICO
"" " utiiwimrai u raaciKiruis
"" for the f Mormons at
Nogales. Ariz., to. return to their aban
doned farms and ranches in Northern
Mexico. The Mormons -fear that they
will lose all their crops unless they can
get back to their homes and look after
things once more.
Consul Dye has arranged to send a
man' into the region In which the
ranches of the Mormons are located. In
order to ascertain the exact condition of
affairs at their homes.
The department has not yet decided
whether this report, will be awaited, or
whether the Mexican government will be
asked to provide an escort of troops for
the Mormons and .take them back to the
farms which they had to abandon weeks
ago because of the. depredationa of
Oroxco-aad. hls.Ueuteaaarta.
THOMAS J. RYAN
TAKES. OWN LIFE
Democratic Leader in Pennsyl
vania Faces Death Rattier
Than Poverty.
rhlladelphla. Oct. 6. Thomas 3. Ryan,
Democratic leader of Pennsylvania.
member of the Donnelly-Ryan-Guffey
triumvirate that for to long controlled
the organization of that party in this
State, ended his life late this afternoon
in his office In the Land Title and Trust
Building by shooting himself with a re
volver. The examination of the pistol
shows that the first cartridge did not ex
plode and the second ball was the one
that lodged In his brain.
Ryan was hopelessly involved finan
cially, and from a man of great wealth
It is understood that he had. through un
fortunate Investments, become practi
cally penniless. He was interested In
Dreamland at Coney Island. N. .. and
lost a large fortune when the amuse
ment park burned down .two jears ago.
This season he built another amusement
resort on the site of the Old Point Breeze
race track here, but it has not been a
success, and there vva a meeting sched-,
uied for his office to-morrow, where his
creditors were to gather and devise
plans for a trusteeship.
Several years ago, after lie had amass
ed a snug fortune. Ryan began to Invest
In local traction securities. He was Inti
mate with the Wldeners. and the late
George D. Wldener gave him the con
cessions at all of the parks on the lines
of the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Com
pany. In many of his ventures he was
aided financially by the Wideners and
James J. Guffey.
Warned of !Horm.
New Vork. Oct. 6. The following
warning was received at the local weath
(r bureau from Washington to-day:
"Northwest storm warnings 10 a. m.
Savannah to Norfolk. Disturbance ap
parently central off South Carolina
coast. Intensity unknown but likely to
cause high northerly winds on South At
lantic coast to-night."
Emperor to Erect Palace
For Ambassador Here
Site in Sheridan Circle
Purchased Two Years
Ago Will Be Graced
By Handsome Home.
The German government has at last
decided to erect in Washington a palace
for the Emperor's Ambassador, which ln
outward appearance and Interior appoint
ments Is to be a model and fully repre
sentative of the wealth, power, and pres
tige of the German empire. The site for
the new home of the German Ambassa
dor was purchased a few- years ago and
Is In Sheridan Circle.
Peter Behrtns, Imperial German archi
tect, and Herr Kcttner. privy councilor,
are now on their way from Berlin to
this city to look over the ground, plans,
and specifications for the new building.
They have been authorized by their
government to make conclusive arrange
ments for everything connected with the
palace, the plans of which are said to
be, copies or Sans Soucl. one of the
Kaiser's palaces at Potsdam.
Credit for securing a new Ambassa
dorial palace for. Germany in Washing
ton Is due to the unceasing efforts of
Count von Bernstorff, who made repre
sentations. to his government on the sub
ject shortly after he first arrived here.
The Emperor, always anxious to "grant
any request which may add to his pres
tige In the United States, approved
Count von Bernstorff a ' advocacy of s
Ckarlis P. Taft ta Take Stan, m
Waditasiaj art Archil Id
Saturday.
An Imposing array of witnesses Is
scheduled for to-day before the Senate
committee that is Investigating campaign
contributions and expenditures.
Charles R. Crane, of Chicago, who. ac
cording to testimony heretofore given be
fore the committee, was a contributor
to both La. Follette and Wilson in the
preconventlon campaigns, will tell the
committee about his bifurcated political
philanthropy. CoL Roosevelt condemned
such Indiscriminate giving of campaign
funds when he was on the stand Friday.
Conceding to Mr. Crane a standard of
high political Ideals, the colonel reminded
tne committee that the giving of cam-
paign contriouuons to doui pouucai
parties has been the cause of great cor
ruption In our politics. It is understood
that Mr. Crane will admit that he gave
to both the La Follette and Wilson cam
paigns and will Justify it on the ground
that both are Progressives.
Col. Roosevelt called to the attention
of the committee that the chief prece
dents for Mr. Crane's action was by
Havemyer. of the Sugar Trust, who
testified before the Industrial Commis
sion some years ago that Ills corporation
gave to both political parties, and Jay
Gould, who remarked on one occasion
that he might b- a Democrat one ear
and a Republican at another time, but
he was for the "Krle" all the time.
Many Other Wltnrmes.
In addition to Mr. Crane, the commit
tee has made engagements for to-day
for Louis Hammerllng. tho New York
publicity agent. wh was brought Into
the hearing by Senator Dlxon. Roose
velt campaign manager. Dixon submit
ted what purported to be a copy sent
out by Hammerllng offering to buy space
in newpapers published in toreign lan
guages to boom President Taft for re
election Others to be heard to-day are
former Senator Nathan B. Scott. Ogden
Mills, Charles E. Russell, and Matthew
Haie. of Boston. New England manager
of CoL Roosevelt's preconventlon cam
paign.
Charle3 P. Taft i to be heard Wednes
day. Th're Is more interest In his testl-
mony than that of any other witness to
he called next week. Senator Dixon
charged that Mr. Taft spent K0O.0W in
1 1 to nominate his brother. Strictly
: "n.tru.d the committee has no power
under the resolution prescribing Its Ju
risdiction to go into the preconventlon
campaigns of IMS. The only preconven
tlon campaigns covered by the resolution
are those of ml. But Mr. Taft may de
cide to tell about it an how. George W.
Perkins has not jet fixed a date at
which he will be able to appear and
testify but Senator Clapp expects him
before the end of the week. A strong
bill Is offend for next Saturday, when
John D. Archbold and Roger Sullivan.
of Chicago, will be heard.
Interest In the Investisation Is alrcady
wanlng. Members of the committee say
they do not expect It to survive another
two weeks, and would not ie surpnsco.
Jf ,hc inqusition peters, out in another
wecj- it possible that after two
k, more or u the committee mav
decide to call the affair off until after
the election.
SENATOR HEYBURN
SUFFERS RELAPSE;
STILL IN CAPITAL
Senator W. B. Hevburn of Idaho, who
has been II since before the adjourn
ment of Congress, has had a relapse,
which came at a time when his gradual
recovery had been going on for several
weeks and he would be able to leave for
hi home ln Idaho.
These plans have been abandoned for
the present and It Is, doubtful If he will
leave Washington soon. The Senator
Is confined to his apartments In Stone
lelgh Court. His friends are very much
disturb over his condition. HI ail
ment appears to be heart weakness.
COUNT VOX BERNSTORFF.
new embassy building. The matter was
laid before the Reichstag and an appro
priation was finally made.
It is feared among his diplomatic col
leagues here that Count von Bernstorff
will not see the building finished, as he
may be named as the successor of Count
Marschll von Blebcrsteln, Ambassador
at LortSon. who died recently. The de
parture from Washington of Count and
Countess von Bernstorff, should he re
ceive this much merited promotion, will
be regretted -in official and diplomatic
society, where they have secured for
themselves a most enviable position.
Countesk von Bernstorff was a native
of New Tork and Is the most popular
hostess that ever graced the German
Embassy on Highland Terrac .
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SEEK TO RI6HT WR0N6SJ
Nit Hngnr far Tarritary, hit An
iaas ta Sttf Ottaui
Oitneas,
London, Oct. t. The Bulgarian Em-;
bassy gives The Washington Herald the'
following authoritative statements re
garding -the motives of the allied Balkan.
states for the present action against
Turkey:
"The view put forward that the ant.
mating cause of the present crisis Is am
outbreak of Inherent antagonism of race
and creed between the allied states aa
Christians, and the Turks as Mahomme
dans. Is to be refuted emphatically. The
Bulgarians have no Issue against the
Turks as Turks. Their Independence 14
established, and In light of what they
have won they can afford to have short
memories of what their people suffered.
The only ground for distinction of the
states that now combine to demand re
form In Macedonia as Christians against
Turkey as Mahommedan. Is that Chris-,
tianlty is a common attribute of these,
countries. Bulgaria, for example, haa
hundreds of thousands of loyal and re-'
spected Mahommedan subjects.
No XfW Development.
"The present crisis Is due to no new
development. It has come merely by the
development of conditions of Turkish
misrule ln Macedonia that have prevail
ed for a hundred years. The only change
Is that the state of affairs is worse. It
possible, under the anarchy at present;
existing in Turkey than before. These
conditions are those of an absence of se
curity of life, property, and honor to the?'
residents of Bulgarian. Servian. Monte-,
negrln. and Greek nationality in Turk
ish territory. They are denied the ele-i
mentary rights of civilized existence.
Their property and persons are violated,
by both the Turkish administration and,
the Turkish people with impunity and
without hope of redress. ,
"The reports of Turkish mlsr.VVhdbU'
not be considered exceptional. ' w as)
excepaonai.,cOBt
state or ,,t. l
.uaceaoma. ir sucn tnings, wrrcn jre
of dallv occurrence, can innlrr . -1
Ii. disinterested Europe, whatjtnmt r .1
the effect upon the nations whf? cou' (J
trymen are victims?" Jj J
llhllMlnn a I1V..I.1 -
.. ... ... , - f ,if I
'-A
c iit-5iiwii vi uucriy ana ,
rerson and property is aa eve
currence in Macedonia. The i -i ,t
the allied states has nothing to do with
the unrest ln Albania. The Albanians tfi
ere people primitive and depredatory la
dlsiosition; not to be ranked with civi
lized Bulgarians. Indeed. Bulgarians
have as much complaint against the Al
banians as against the Turks.
"Bulgaria and the other Balkan states
which owe their emancipation to for
eign assistance should feel a moral ob
ligation toward their more unfortunate
brothers. The interest of the states act
ing ln unison in this matter is that all
victims of Turkish misrule and oppres
sion are their countrjmen.
"The course of the present action of
the allied states is the unfulfilled prom- '
ise of the great powers of Europe. Re
peatedly representations have been made
upon the oppression and denial of the
mest elementary condition of existence
o people of Bulgarian nationality under
Ottoman rule. The great powers had
promised long ago. even as they promise
now, tb.it Turkey shall establish ade
quate reforms. But past experiences
justified these nations to maintain that
Turkey Is Incapable of carrying out those
reforms even were she willing.
Wnnt European Guarantee.
"The allied states Insist upon an Eu
ropean guarantee and security for re
form in Macedonia under European su
pervision. Left to Turkish Initiative
and administration it will never take
place. For the Joint action of the al
lied states there are no motives of ter
ritorial acquisition. It Is fully recog
nized that the respective countries are
too widely divided in their Interests ln
other respects to consider the common
grelvance.
"Thus It Is that these states make It av
tasls of all Joint and amicable action
that the status quo of territory be strict
ly maintained. Bulgaria individually
sees no necessity for upholding Turkish
sovereignty, but the" great powers are .
(greed tnat it is necessary to European'
peace. That being so, Bulgaria Is wilt
ing that Macedonia should remain a.
Turkish province, provided admlnlstra-'
tive reform Is effected under an Eu
ropean guarantee and supervision. "
BRINGS WOMAN TO NEW YOBS.,
Assistant District Attorney Flats t
Nerr Witness In. Sssvho Case.
Wllkesbarre. Pa.. Oct. 6. Rose Guerre,!
thirty-five years old, who came here last)
Monday and declared to the police that
she was an accomplice of Burton W. '
Gibson, the New York lawyer, now ont
trial for the murder of Mrs. Rose Szabo,
was taken Into custody to-day by As
sistant District Attorney Murphy, of
New York.
Mr. Murphy and the woman left for.
New York this afternoon. The assist-'
ant district attorney said the woman,
had made statements to Mm regarding
the alleged Szabo murder which were of I
the greatest importance, out he would 1
not divulge the nature of the testimony. ,
she Is prepared to give. '"
The authorities were at first Inclined ,
to believe the woman was mentally un
balanced, but when she had told her
story decided to hold her. She said she
was afraid of Gibson, and came to the
police station after escaping from a man
who was trying to spirit her away from
Wilkesbarre.
The police would not say whether she
admitted being the woman who posed as
Petronella Menschllc, the mother of Mrs.
Szabo.
Laerel, SM Kaeem.
Baltimore & Ohio R. R. Special trains
1:10 and 1:30 o. m. week-days. retnrnlBsr
ailer cio oi races, on tna .
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