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L X. UJUW. '
THUySDAT. OCTOBER ,10 ltt.
c Tke lion ad the Hotse.
Montenegro has, 'declared war on
Turkey' and thus has forestalled the ac
tion of the powers in 'favor of peace.
The situation of the Christians in Al
bania and Macedonia and the demand
of the Balkan states that those prov
inces should , be granted autonomous
government- are the main causes of the
crisis, jit was in an effort to force, a
settlement of these 'questions that Bul
garia;" Servia, Greece, and Montenegro.
united for the first time and ordered the
mobilization of jheiVannies. This led
the Ottoman" government to call up
. some hundreds of thousands of its re
serve 'and' these, it is believed, have
been concentrating rapidly at -strategic
points along the frontier. At the same
time the Balkan armies have been
gatherins on the other side, and it is
calculated that something near lfipojooo
.men are face to face.
The Ambassadors at Constantinople
and the ministers at the capitals of Bulr
garia. Servian. Greece, and Montenegro
had been instructed to make representa
tions on behalf of their governments,
and the news from Belgrade confirms
that their programme has been carried
out It is likely that the other Balkan
states will 'follow the lead of Mon
tenegro arid try to throw their armies
into Turkey to fight on behalf of those
fellow-Christians who; they 'declare.
have suffered so "-much from .Turkish
oppression.'VThe Servian Parliament
has voted war credit? and pledged itself
to support' the government in" the pause
against Turkey.. -"Bulgaria - has done
likewise. , '' . ' R
The'Kmg of f Montenegro, Nicholas Ir:
1 crowned as such' only two years ago.
. reigns over only about 350,000 people;
while the area of his kingdom ft about
that of Connecticut Nevertheless, in ap
parent defiance of the powers, he rthrows
down the gauntlet to Turkey, declares
war against the Sultan, and sends his
army bpldly across the border. Of
course, this defiance is only in appear
ance. King Nicholas has one son-in-law
who is King of Italy, two who are
Russian grand dukes, and one who is
of the Battenberg family. His oldest
daughter-in-law is of rne Mecklenberg
Strelitz line. Altogether. King Nicholas
'may know more of the private minds of
some of the powers than other rulers
do. He may feel that with so" many
august personages interested in seeing
that no harm comes to Montenegro, he
is justified in a bold policy, the con
-sequences of which to him may not be
as painful in the worst extremity as
they would be to a sovereign who bad
not such distinguished matrimonial
affiliations in his family.
Saves $2,000,000 Per Tear.
The record of the California Rail
road commission is one of the most
satisfactory in the United States.
.'California has. a commission which is
receiving the hearty co-operation of its
citizens. In eighteen months it has
saved the people of the State, in rail
road tolls alone, at the rate of $2,000,000
per annum. The total cost of the
commission, including salaries, furni
- ture and equipment, is $103,508.10 a
Tear. It is engaged at present in a
scrutiny of the books ofuhe 1,500 odd
jrablic service corporations in that
State, and when it 'gets through 'it
promises that there will. not' be "a gill
of water'.' in the stocks -and bonds of
any of these, corporations that will not
be, squeezed- out.
- r. .
f lack of Syitem in Budgets.
Rresident Taft's firm stand Hi di
recting 'the orderly preparation of "a
budget of the estimated .Federal ex
penditures, in'sphe'.of the apparent ef
,fort of Congress at its last session to
insist upon ;a continuance "o'f the pre
vious confusing methods, calls for
strong support., Mr. Taft has done his
y V best to reorganize the national finances,
y and has repeatedly exposed the Uek on
the part of Congress of any..systematic
exmsid'eraUon oLejipeadkarea with ref-
- erence to the' probable amomat of rev-
i enue. " . .
' nl liH.IMM. -,1. MWt I if it ll .1111 taS.f
.-..v wMMwa fain .nnro n utar t-
fairs in such fashion without going into
-Bankruptcy. , No other important bot-
,- ? .. - -- . . 'i
' 1 III , al mmfoM, it.JNaM..iMtai' ul.
jack. of. system,-ad the. only,
u . ut. uwn,ua uk. wr: amsc-teai
tlfca enabled ok gc?ermito.et.
aiong.aas oeea-uie constant growtrid
$t ropentr -titawmia-d the 'con-
w.i""-j;; -"--. r, "-""---Hrrev-?;
S"a-aca, iMuiumeu .am, lucarv snieaaaiaesr im nam nr li' -- "- " - .' .--..
: -".'-ygy,iv"giag:j "
Irom ;K reca k imi-f-ttr
C 8-Mh' w! rAr ,
"ore TCflHNMp.to.M whiskers thsn to
wfet'Ur k -. Yet c be was
dooWe. VlSm?f .sSBeerW.&d' -of
aWityJwhidi-1! misplaced 'when he
was litteu into the position of it leader.
He, represented the People's Party; The
present -third-term movement is sot the'
first soHtica offshoot that has shown
iti" concern for"JHhe .peop!e.,,.
Bat the .honors that.be wore for a
stogie term were, .rather thrust, man.
him: than sought, by Aim. .He was. the
mend and counselor of the. farmers
hof Kansisand ia one of the periodiotl
! ,J,le ""y were .able
to show" their strength and their, gratj,
tudet-oy placing him in the councils of
the" nation. '
f Since his experience there he has
been a memory in 'public affairs The
wave upon which he rode to brief
prominence subsided almost as quickly
11 .ruse, ana uie oest, ne could com
mand in return was a comparatively
humble position in the -ConeressiAaal
Library. But he left an unsullied name
upon the records o'f the, nation.
That 'Auuriu Clnb.
Judge Parker is -amply vindicated. He
said, just before the .election of 1904,
that "vast sums of money have been
contributed ior the control jol this elecr
tion in aid of the administration by
coiporaiionsanq trusts." Mr.' Roose
velt's retort was that the statement
was "unqualifiedly and .atrociously
Mr. Sheldon now says that Archbold.
Morgan, Fridc. and Gpuld contributed
$ico,ooof each, and tnit of the total
campaign fund of overjixeccoo, near
'y 75 P?r cent camej from similar
sources. Mr. Roosevelt's denial, there-
tore, must have been prompted by "ie-
norance." Mr. Bliss took the monev and
the managers jof his campaign spent it
without letting' him know. But perhaps
Mr. Roosevelt regards $400000 as such
a trifling sum that it was really not
AoBi.ts at least One Blunder.
The influence of a "distinguished"
example was" plainly apparent in the ad
dress made by Eugene Chafin, Pro
hibition candidate for the Presidency,
who at Des Moines had the self-com-
placency.to say that the "contest in the
electoral college would be between him
and Wilson alone, the other candidates
being out o'f the question."
. Right on top of this comes Prof.
Hart, who urges as m argument for
Roosevelt's election that we shall have
a-Socialist President elected within six.
teen years unless we out T. R. into
again. Wouldn't it be necessary, pro-
tessor. in order to keep the Socialist
President out of office sixteen years
from now, to keep the colonel "in office
for the next twenty years'? How could
the government ever be intrusted to
any one else? Mr. Roosevelt's one ex
periment in picking his own successor
in 1908 was so terrible a blunder, ac
cording to his own testimony, that he
could never repeat the performance. v
Straw votes count for little or noth
ing to observers whose recollection of
politics runs back, ten yeark. We can
recall the straw -ote taker by one o'f
the leading newspapers in 1904, a few
weeks before the election, the burden of
which was that Judge Parker would
carry New York State by more than
180,000 plurality, whereas the State
went Republican with a rush. " .
The straw vote honestly taken is apt
to be delusive, being necessarily lim
ited to a very small fractional part of
the electorate. As an illustration, it
appears that in one of the New England
States the number' of voters canvassed
by a leading newspaper was only about
400, or a decimal part of I per cent of
' Where the straw vote is made up
for political effect -the operation does
not even require straw. A knowing
hand could get up a straw vote to suit
The leasing of the Coal lands.
Secretary of the Interior Fisher' has
taken a decisive step forward in the
cause of .conservation by allowing the
lease of coal lands by the Bureau of
Mines to private .individuals. This, we
learn,- is the first actual .lease of min
eral lands on the .public domain. by the
government and ..foreshadows a. prac
tice inai ray oe adopted exteamvely
in the future, i" The plan-' is. a modifica
tion of one tentatively suggested last
August, which was for the' Federal
government, to lease' coal .lands to coal
companies through "municipalities, "fn-
stead of direct, to the operators. V.
. Some believed that this scheme should
sansiy, aii parries concerned, including
tne .finchot conservationists. But it
soon becarnetevident that either the
federal authorities must act' as land
lords -without intermedJariev or else let
thecod lie in the-Towtd. Mr FWr
has. chosen the former1 course, and
has ' thus inattgurafcd in experiment
-o. . .."-v. . --' . ...1 -i..1 .: .
tertstv ihoald It succeed.-aw ..i,
vationiits - , wUl' hail rmsiiotjon 'aaliOVifcL
tonr for. Aeir cause: ? Sh-iM7i--.a,
die ceonents ofrihe tti&.&kjjv)
era. power 'ttaoTBe.
-J.W, alkTWBaja.WaM.-.-.j- ;
Xka.mu.wno natta-Jaw m-tmtm'.??
. - . L.t. ws. - - - - -
. . I&.it- .,ijar t-
Tfc baa kaa Mvarttaanq MM; .
aaj aan aiwa, ai Pa
Vaar aaa aa. ' - - - la aU Mat.
WHkltuMa th keaa MMab-at.
lyaWtorBi 'rw. vji
If Ha 'OLira. Wombat, who la to Waaar
na aoatv.M mrawcimMt aam.waaK
K 4 ijHuuaww . j
L . '.. a-a . 1
VXn tbaae ae4;graakephoiMr' .
'Thcoade apwk far ttwmaalvM.'"
Tkat'a ow WL wind one up and Ufa
.ft Jt Jt can Htoet a aalo." -
'i .OtUWll Ik History;
October ML lie Dress roboarsal of the
Undbta of .Columbus: MS-Indiana and EOO
October 1. W4. Henrr VUI la vurtued
by an Irate unicorn.
r ' A' Teader folkt.
".What sot you Into'troubU with 'thla
poHcemanT' demand! the New York
"Just trying, to aak him a civil ques
tion, your boaor' aald'the visitor, "noth
"What was thatNquestlonr' .
"I Juat Asked htm when the next offl
cial murder would bo draordronV
Ohv aelenca makes great strides these
And wo are thrilled
By many- One now-fancied ways
Of being killed, i
asaen ! n 'rntae.
P1la' im ! aa aH.. K m .. ..ml-
... ...... .. a.s W.....C jj a. (riuiut-
nent lawyer of this city. Has It any
"About aa much value." said tb editor,
'as a legal opinion written' by a poet."
'.'Wtaatroraaitbo story of the 0Ba!"
yWbat I heard ran about like tMs. 'In
the nrat act itemed that lira. WolUby
Wombat trla society leader, li about to
sua her husband for divorce. la the'aec?
ond act I learned that Miss Lotta. Plunks
muff ltd in that famous pearl necklace:
and la th third. I board that Mr. Gerald
PUB Is rapidly1 drinklnc himself to
death." 1 '
A Old Fe-ad.
"What's I tho.troublo between your fam
ily and the .Wombat family T" '
"Oh, It's an old, old feud. Hla grand
father struck out my grandfather In a
Paylagr the Plater.
Vnm tht Sow Tot Zmitm SIIL
The problem of the railroads of the
United 8tatea. between a raising scale of
price of supplies and demands for In
creased waxes. Is Indeed a pressing- one.
They are hut up between rates axed
by the Interstate Commerce Commission,
over which the public keeps a jealous
eye: the pressure of their employes for
increased pay caned for by the Increased
cost of living", and. on the other hand, a
constantly rising scale of prices for
everything- the railroad buys, from rails
to freight cars.
80. long- as the railroads are shut up.
oy our prohibitive tariff system, to
buying- supplies. In a closed and rising
marxet, tne people of the United 8tates
WHO Impose this system uoon the rail
roaaa, compelling them to pay from S
to w per cent more than foreign roads
for the same articles, should show
every consideration in the fixing- of the
rates for freight and passenger service.
-1 wc an .novae 10 put a siraic
Jscket" upon our railroads we should
be willing- to pay for the Jacket.
The advisability of keeping that kind
of a traitjacket" is another question.
The country Is engaged In dlscusslng-
Meanwhile, let us do justice to our
railroads and to the men working for
We are making them dance to our
muilc Let us pay the piper!
ave by the Knelpp Care.
rrtxn the Knr To. Mail.
A disciple of Knelpp. who taught the
curative effects of welkin- barefoot on
the grass, started out shortly after mid
night on a recent rainy moraine to take
the cure in Tompkins Square Park.
-inougn no naa a goia watch and a
cood-slsed "wad" In his pockets, he wore
an old slouch hat and rough-looking
Aa he wsa nearing the park In one of
the streets running to it from the south
he suddenly .found himself fadne- a nlstol
In the .hands of a man who apparently
naa sprung- irom nownere.
"rbrk over your " the robber started
to say, but stopped. "Why. you ain't
cot any shoe!" he disgustedly ex
'Ain't got any money to buy any. you
But be wss talking to the air. The
thug- had vanished.
The Prise Jfsit-rraelter.
rrna September Wide World Staaaxtne.
Every one has heard of rocking
stones masses of rock so delicately
poised aa to move backward and for
ward upon the slightest Impulse. There
are many such stones scattered
throughout the world, but the major
ity of them are mere marbles compared
to the famous rocking; stone of Tandll.i
in ooum America, xnis fciant among
rocking- stones weighs no less than
TM tonsand ta altuated in a low range
of hills 2t0 miles south of the -i r
Buenos Ayres. It is composed of gran
its, and contains J0 'cubic meters. It is
in tne snap or a paraboloid, four me
ters high and' five meters In diameter
at the base. The atone rocks upon a
knob of rock beneath, which lies close
ly into a socketlike hollow In the
great bowlder itself. The ..action of
the elements through countless' cen
turies has suoeeeded in wearing- away
the softer parts of the stone, leaving
behind only the hard-gritted core. The
stone is aa delicately splsed that it
can be. made to crack a walnut with
Graining- ins .Kernel!
The Sober October Daya,
The eham of Birth has lost the. tones "of nbrl
Amid the sxxtr Base
CrsjiMoae of the nhvehed boon elhsr
And we the Meat dan.
alini a aisnt hew pear afl
AM HSU Of earth ts dm
WaBt'Ssaer Katies to the inner call
ft hfaab- dnaauin saBtaie,
BUn ia-a Ma-aaV mmA.
W- lU"e,M.- v.
mm assess sasu areas '--."voi-
whss h-ras ettth an nsaat'taiek sad satrV-.Atnslaslatnu-xr2.
ag84j-aBmjsthi f. - -$L'&
.1"swkassBiuinBasiil- .. fs.,JM5f h
Asa aartaal a- haaita wtta - ' '- .
. &;!&&? '$$m&'
la easts MtsawM saasea vases ass-a-a,' .rv i-r
.faftowmgjtossatke. ssssst Wtoeame
.-"1.; ..1.. ,-,
- -ST- --"
3 . a.
ssbams aaSJatr , r.'vas-ySBal !--. I
swv - . j.. .,.- ., J i A.Tsarr!a r "..' -, . ' J.t,. . I teen persBSw m each room. Babies bora I so
,W."RK: ..-rtrfel. Z:rl3?.'!UZii VU, iJ.w J lto.such.,aa,eswlroamsa aatarallv die
mm2J2LZtl3&3tfJ& 'imm&ZSe&ZX ..&H--k-, . 3fii. L -. ...rx&lnvly. guefcvrsatwissaiBsaawea tieal
wiiwtaruiiaas imiati mBs ay)-,as.itMiai ; h,t; &. &j.-citM' sr-taTaK.Maa-.B., .vnf.wmrsmm n-. : ct
Talsis IIiij am si sWsasI 5iajrals:ofJasses-.l, as aaw of e--i .uJyAViao j- vJ -JL'-CU. V-
JSr?Ay-.??2?lg! haaeeV morality. whenSha VtestrecUoa of'. Vji."- r .J&&rV&C Jti -' " 4A, , V
SlT?" flHH2 ?' Mieriith haiT not yet We. reataeed- - fTtire ar- .A.1-.-, . lJi1'2j. r
1 !--.-iw.w..s e-:i- hrekit.eu haat in ha Wnrttaalaaa atT S J''. -"'"TI".-. v-.-.- -y "-"- -- ;w-auamnr; , f- ,.
1- '- -Til'siiHi'- ha': silsast
stghters- are to 1 baataed. f- alt pub
keky.v'To many 'khsalishriisa -thW may
assm a trivial, wdmsortaac metur. f
no mars mtersat tkaw'tk roSMvaJ.ef the
trarap.from.hU old sasts of,tba rthrkt
trat.it win be rsssrtwttk grave ooncsrn
by many, ladles'' and 'goatMncn'la 'the
.west end of, London, and their ordinary
langourovera tatebreakfasf will be rude
ly disturbed. For how wilt they gel; on
with .'that troubleaonM bususa eaSed
IWe If, they are deprived of their kaMes
and prophets T Is It reasonable that they
should have to grope their 'way through
the" wilderness without a little' lamp to
light them on to "luckf ,
The unimaginative British public have
no Idea of the extent to Which, modern
society there makes' use of magic as a
guide to their business and pleasure. Hav
ing abandoned all other' forms of re
ligion, and believing- the Christian faith
to be an "outworn superstition." they have
at least- the consolation of. the "Black
Art" .as a means .of spiritual excitement
and as a practical utility. There Is no
lack of magicians. They swarm In the
back parlors of Bond Street and Mayfalr
district." In one paper, devoted to" their
interests, not long ago. were more than
9Q advertisements of professional for
tune tellers. There are many more who
advertise by circulars, or who.' obtain
their clients by private recommendatatn.
Some of them Must have been .making
considerable fortunes In prophesying- the
fortunes" of others, for they charge
fees as high as those In' Harley Street
and their consulting rooms are as throng
ed- as those of a fashionable doctor.
There Is one lady, especially; iflio has
spicnaia practice. one practices on
the credulity of smart women and idle
men. and, above all. upon young- girls
who are allowed fcx much pocket money
and too much . liberty. Being" a woman
of refined appearance, charming man
ners, and an air of conviction in her own
prophecies, she 'receives the most Inti
mate confidences from her clients, and
Is In possession of many family secrets.
Possibly she possesses some uncanny pow
er, some hypnotic influence, or some gift
or mental telepathy, whatever the cause
of her -attraction. It is certain that she
has put such a spell upon those who
frequent her rooms that many ladles and
gentlemen would not dream of making
any serious change in their plana with
out consulting; this "oracle." whose big
black eyes seem to see things beyond
the ordinary range of vision.
She Is only one of many professional
fortune tellers, self-dupes, or half-Impost-
ers. or deliberate cheats, who. by cards
and crystals, palmistry or handwriting;,
spiritualistic tricks, and all forms of
mediaeval magic, foretell the future, to
people who are gamblers In life, victims
of the most childish superstitions, and
devotees of that one mysterious god tail
In many cases the prophecies of these
people are mere vague generalities which
appear to be fulfilled, whatever happens.
But there Is a more dangerous class
among- them who are not so vague, and
who foretell disasters, tragedies, or good
fortunes with unhesitating and precise
details. The evl that such .people may
work In the imaginations of weak-minded
women and foolish girls Is hardly to be
exaggerated. One painful case Is well
known In which a woman was falsely ac
cused of theft and put under serious sus
picion, because the hostess with whom
she had been .staying, had consulted one
of these modem magicians, and obtain
ed an Imaginary description of the thief.
By a tragic coincidence It was the de
scription of the other woman who had
been staying In the house where the
theft took place. There Is another rase
In which a man has been pursued by a
girl with extraordinary audacity and per
sistence, because It had been "foreto'd"
that he was to be her future husband.
Perhaps this prophecy, like many others,
will fulfill itself, by natural causes following-
upon a dominant Idea; but In any
case It will lead to mental torture.
The most striking case that came with
in the knowledge of the public was that
or a man who was told by a fortune
teller that he was to die on a certain
date. He was a soldier and a strong
man: but as the day drew near he be
came melancholy and morbid, and was
convinced that his .death was at hand.
As might be expected, he caught a severe
chill, and owing probably to his dominant
Idea, he died.
There are pXple In good society who
go to the crystal-gasers to test the fidel
ity of their wives, to obtain advise as to
the woman they should marry, to fore
see their luck at gambling- tables, or to
get an Inkling- aa tp'the manner of their
Is not all this a sign of decadence?
Those advertisements In a spiritualis
tic paper are proofs of the widespread
belief in the old "Black Arts," which
were supposed to be dead. For these
modern practices are- nothing more nor
less than that In the British Museum
Is the diary of a witch doctor living In
the reign of James I. His methods were
exactly the same as' those who go to
the back .parlors In Mayfalr. Thev were.
and are, the neurotic women, the loose-
living men. who, having abandoned their
raitn in religion and tbe sane
fell back upon crystal-gazing.
dsalalB . iHKyNjTfTlmum . v
SalalaB t- . .aSflalataa. IXJNSfKrl alalaV7fX
' 1 .wrot:
'TasslilH.mraM.ilililililill.Kllaafi.iE!11 TMesas.iBs-t.lw' a-eJSJsjajlaByJL- " f9
' v 'JvTT-t.ai.QV5MC3Q' " JMfV
"'Nit ?bIbIbIbibsL; 'a60S
? JMeJU ,nr "- . . xt . -V-,
- . 11. . ". , ir t- ..bh. r aai -it r " "
With, rorraae tellers and doctors of magic,
it m'sHscewcerting to knew that they have
iajafrV.tr BaMMt M WilinafPWnsMiaJI tWtM.t UtU
ai at.theTeent afJmthii twentieih
satasstAaas. - .That as4ls-s a tttaSh trWhllssMB Im fAM.
-alhW-hTi ii." u aZ.'Z, ,hu hI
growth -In British social life? Publicity
- ---w - ----- "- .V"
mar be denied, to the fortune tellers, but
they win .flourish in secrecy.
, -Figures published by the statistical de
partment, show .that In proportion to the
population of Prussia, the birth rata, has
reached, a depression lower tnan at any
period within" 'the last hundred years.
With slight interruptions the birth rate
has fallen steadily from 1171 to'llU. There
was am absolute decrease In the number
of births In Prussia in 110 of 10,417 aa
compared with 1309.
There appears to be an impression that
this is largely due to'hoctal causes rath
er than to physiological reasons, and
that the rapid rise In the prices of the
necessaries of life Is the cause of a Phe
nomenon which Is alarming social re
formers. It- seems an unlikely hypothe
sis mat tne race is becoming- exhausted.
and the reason for the decreased birth
rate most likely will be found In the
complex conditions of modem life, and Its
insecurity conditions which make the
support of a large family difficult.
Much depends on the question of ade
quate housing accommodatlona In Ber
lin It la becoming customary for land
lords to refuse flats to people with large
famines. In fact, the statistics show tliat
the depressldn In the blrtn rate affects
town populations much more than rural
(CeprrlfM. tttt, by Court Coalp Brodtate.)
Jadae a ad Jary.
From the CWrUnd ruin Drakr.
A Boston lawyer. Charles A. De
Courcy, makes a common sense sugges
tion for the betterment of American
criminal trials. In addressing the Amer
ican Institute of Criminal Law and
Criminology at Milwaukee, Mr. De
Courcy has voiced the opinion that the
average judicial Instruction to a jury
serves the purpose of obscuring- the Is
sues and confusing the Jurors. He rec
ommends that Judges temporarily for
get legal phraseology and Intricacies and
talk to Juries In the language which
Juries are accustomed, and which they
can understand without the aid of an In
terpreter. Inasmuch as the charge to
Lthe Jury la Intended as an interpretation
and not as an obfmca'.lon. there can be
little objection to the stand taken by Mr.
The average American Jury Is com
posed of men certainly not above aver
age Intelligence. That most of them de
sire to "well and truly, try" their cases
and render Just verdicts cannot be doubt
ed. The efforts of both prosecution and
defense are too frequently directed to
ward establishing- a state of mental con
fuston. The Judge in his final chsrge
should endeavor to clear thla away. He
should remember that his audience Is not
an audience of lawyers or of learned
men. Simple and direct charges might
conceivably lessen the number of dis
agreements, and might brine Just ver
dicts In place of the miscarriages oY
Justice that are so common In American
Cesuasalratlea with Mavlagr Tralo.
Fmm tbe Cbkara Tribnne.
The "rallophone." an Invention for
communicating with moving trains, has
been given a practical demonstration In
England. 'Several tests were made, and
among the feats accompUsbed were the
stopping of a train that had been al
lowed to run put a danger signal and
the transmission of a message and Its
reply between a station and a train.
Briefly, the system comprises an Insu
lated wire laid alongside the track and
connecting to apparatus at signal cabins
and stations, and a pair of colls wound
on frames around tbe railroad cars, one
for sending and the other for receiving-.
The system operates by induction, and
an essential feature la a ralay which
can only be operated by the periodic Im
plues which convey the signals and Is
not affected by the non-periodic vibra
tions caused by the movement of the
The World-wide Bey Scoata.
ytvm the Proridflire Journat
One memorable day a Dutch farmer
varrior crossed over Into the neighbor
Inc country where floated the British
Rag. and bottled up a place called Mafe
klng. In Mafeklng was CoL Baden
Powell. Of the white persons there, only
about 1,300 were available for the de
fense again Gen. Cronje's eager army.
The Inyesment proved to be poor strate
gy for the Boers. Cot Baden-Powell re
fused to let them Into the town, and as
they were too stubborn to give up the at
tempt, the general campaign lost the
benefit of their services where It might
neve oeen erxecuve. The defense of
Mafeklng- was one of the finest perform
ances of the war, on either side.
Its brilliant success was due In no
small measure to the Boy Scouts, who
were then and there organized In relieve
the small fighting force of necessary
tasks, of a military kind not on the firing
iirw. wnai provea a pood thing ror
Mafeklna- and its bova ! now iwnnfMi
as good for nations and their hova the
worm over.. joi.. now Lieut Gen. Baden
Powell takes pride in the rank of chief
scout. He nas just completed a trio
idoned their round ,he world, and finds the Boy
moral ride Sf ""wmpt not only flourishing In
mwI?raHf:run-,I,t!lklna Iand. DUt exciting in-table-turn-l
tercet In China and Japan.
ind5e"or,i'nd, Bad Jt? ?
St i trw?f Vf". ' ' " " ' '
r .faThHns-.Mrh nfar vfca
'g e 7 - w...wwa. iwm -awavaiw. .me w w .A.1WUI. aiKnrjrJ
; ii - ''.'.. . .. : .- 'j.-:.
, "imoer ar coeap prices, ire arc
I ' -a 1 , '
' ; wc sbuio on our owTi repoaoon
aa. alam .a. .1 .A a.aaaLI
! r " "rc mm ima roo-.reawooaeHc-pnccs posmtMe, ana uie people
' ' 1--T a !- . - .
. come o iu neawie uuy cant trust
I Br SEOstQE FITCH.
Aather ef "A
The barber Is a 'combination harvesting
machine and phonograph, who reapa
whiskers and distributes information at
the same time. Without barbers, half of
mankind would trip on Its mustachea
going- upstairs. Likewise ft would have
1-.0 means of learning- that It la a hot
day. that there is quite a political cam
paign ,on. and that Its hair is getting
pretty thin on top, air.
Barberingr was once a simple art. The
barber plied as much lather as possible
en his patron and then scraped off hla
beard and other prominent features with
a raxor, the victim holding a basin to
catch the debris. In those days it took
five minutes to get shaved and a week
to get over It, but times, hurrah and
aJas, have changed.
Earners are now antiseptic ana ao not
mangle their patrons while beautifying
them, but time Is no longer an object
with them. Nowadays the barber
mummifies his patient In towels and
cloths, and lays him back In an operat
ing chair. Then be soaks a towel In red
hot water and coils it over the victim's
fsce. leaving- one red nostril exposed to
breathe In steam. Then he reads the
morning paper and sharpens raxors until
the patron's face Is so thoroughly cooked
that the whiskers will pull out at a1
mere touch. After that he lathers him
eight times, massages him with his
fingers, wipes him off with a towel,
lathers him again, tells him the news of
the day. and shaves him with a few
deft motions. Then he goes) over his
face again after surviving hairs. Then
he asks him if he will have a neck
shave, hair cut. shampoo, electrical mas
sage, hair tonic, face bake, hair singe.
sea foam, or full bath. Then he tries
out another raxor on him, washes hla
neck and ears, and annolnts him with
CmCAOOS BATHDTQ CROWDS.
Like Thoee at Ceaey They Stand la
Ltae for Salts.
FVai, tfc Chinn Trlfaane. ,-f"
Lake Michigan has been brought closer
to the people, but not'efc-e enough. The
Lincoln Park bathing JSeaeb. which is the
only municipal beach' In Chicago to sup
ply bathers with suits and towels free,
has as many as 60S people standing in
line on Sunday and Saturday afternoons
waiting their turn to get a suit
These hundreda of sweltering humans
have tp stand In the broiling sun for
three hours or longer until their chance
comes to get into the lake. With the beat
of service the management of tbe beach
finds it Impossible to take care of the
Bathlnc is a comparatively new art. or
virtue., with the people In the congested
districts. It Is of recent discovery. The
neighborhood parks on the South Side
first Introduced the shower bath and
swimming- pool to them. The West Side
parks are now' making frequent bathing;
accessible to thousands from the unetto.
More and more the people are begin
nlnjr to recognise In bathing a health
giving amusement And as they do so
the small parks become less and less
adequate. They cease to answer the pur
pose, especially during the hot summer
months. The people who have been -educated
to bathing by the artificial pool
In the neighborhood park are yearning
for the. lake. But the lake Is still In
accessible to the great mass.
The municipal beach at Lincoln Park
Is already overtaxed, and the private
beaches are beyond the reach of the
What la Yeathf
From the Clerelaxid Flara Peakr.
When does a woman, cease to be young
and when does a man begin to be old?
It is a question not likely to be passed
over, and when the dictum of some dig'
nlfled body seems to bear upon It one
should give It due attention. In Morocco,
a few weeks ago. the new Sultan de
creed that men under thirty might not
appear in his councils, but that men over
thirty might not serve In his bodyguard.
This appears to establish a sort of dead
line for the male sex.
Aa for women, let the directors of the
T. W. C. A. In Chicago be allowed to
register their opinion. This body has re
cently served notice on all women over
twenty-five years of age that they must
vacate their accommodations in tbe Chi
cago Institution and give place to younger
girls. There Is an ever-Increasing de
mand for the privileges of this Institu
tion, and the directors feel that the
words, 'young- women." mean female
persons under the age of twenty-five.
This is a slap In the face. When a
woman passes her twenty-fifth birthday
what Is she? An "old woman r Surely
not "A middle-aged person V Oh.
never! The latter term would be re
pudiated by any girl owning to less than
twice that tale of years and rigntry.
too. Where shall she place herself this
feminine human being who is just grow
ing- Into' the full strength of her wom
anhood, but .who la no longer, officially.
Fewer .'Babies In Germany.
Fran the Boston Globe.
On account of the serious decline In
the birth rata of Prussia from X per
LOOO In MM to In 1910-all the provin
cial governors have been Instructed to
make Inquiries Into the causes, which
are thoagfat to be economic and social,
rather-thaa' purely physiological.
The mere small flats and tenements the
fewet' hassles. Tbe increase of prosperity
in ,the s-gsrs 'fortunate .classes, the , more
atrenaeas'and-nerve-racklnc urban Ufe
and the' spread sf education all tend to
lower the birth" rate. The chief cause of
fewer Mrtha In Prussia' and throughout
Germany, .where the total of 1000.0W U
the.lewaat.tn-tba.paat. thirteen years, is
believed to. be. In the boosing conditions.
jteeeatv' statistics snowed -that aac.tm
Berilners are. living m tenements of one
or two mama, with from five to thir-
n - ,1 rrvina. n ..n-W-P-ltl-i
... ..t-. . . : '- : .: w . v?-n
: not .in tliis: lumber warr beciase , -JM
. -4 . . . ,.- . "W' jm
ana Kii oniyouuu J-pMBER
" L' a. a X
- ... Y
us to give triem Honest rnoney's 9
OeMl Oil ai
vaseline, camphor ice. arnica, witch haxel
and cold cream, well mixed with per
fumery In order to advertise the shop
for the next three hours. Then he fans
the mixture off, adjusts his eyelashes,
bends his ears back, and combs his hair
the wrong 'way with great care. Then
he lets him up and collects IS cents.
sfter which he turns him over to the
porter, who stabs him In the back with
a whisk broom, gives him back bis hat
with reluctance, and collects another
"It task ate amtai ts art sha-al sad a nek
u -at am U."
A barber Is now one of the finest luxu
ries of the leisure class, but the man
who has to attend to hla business and
wait every day In a barber shop while
several earlier birds are given the above
course of treatment baa little time left
for the higher pursuits of life-
(COprrlsfat. ISO. by Osage Matbew Adams.)
Valaable Palatlaga Foand In
St Petersburg. Oct 5. Three hitherto
unknown Morillos have juat been authen
ticated beyond dispute in the orthodox
Greek church at Akhtyrka. In Kharkov
province. They were donated along with
the church in 1775 by Countess Toerny
sheva and represent the birth of Christ,
the visit of the wise men. and the cruci
fixion. The first has been somewhat damasd
by the church authorities in an Ignorant
attempt at restoration. They hunjc on
the church walls nearly 140 years, and as
tne worshipers In Russian churches
make copious use of candles, the can
vases are much darkened by th fumes.
A commission from the Moscow Anh
aelogical Society and the curator of the
Imperial Academy have taken aver the
pictures for expert treatment
The Forlorn Hope of HaaSanlty.
From the London SpKUlcr. " ,
The less conventional bearing; of doc
tors to-day la perhaps, symbolical of the
fact-for we believe It Is a fact-that
there is less humbug In their profession
than ever there was. The old apothecary
was a "great medicine man." said Lord
Rosebery. We have a vision of a sort
of witch doctor. But It Is the merit of
the modem doctor that he uses no more
humbug than is necessary and desirable
to soothe a hysterical patient or humor a
hypochondriacal one. The chief point la
that be never humbugs himself. He does
not claim any virtue or merit, although a
profession which does so much'1 aood"
might excusably fall Into that habit Im
agine the case of a doctor dead tired at
night after a long day. He hopes to he
able to sit In his arm chair, talk to his
wife, and enjoy a smoke. A call comes
for him to visit some poor person. He
does not know whether the case is really
urgent, but It may be. He must riot run
the risk of refusing to go. There Is no
question here of his losing a valuable
patient through carelessness. From the
point of view of profit It la an opportun
ity of doing- business which every man
In every other profession would reject on
the spot But the doctor, just because
he Is the forlorn hope of humanity, can
not leave out the human side: he does
what Is required of him without fuss or
excessive repining, and certainly without
calling upon tbe world to witness what a
fine fellow he la The enforced social
Isolation of doctors is plain enough to
any one who haa tried to get a busy gen
eral practitioner to dinner. Not a single
hour of the day or night Is his own. or
can safely be said to be bis own. In ad
The Speed Mania.
Fra the Chicago Re-nd-Berald.
."Tea sir." said the man who had hU
feet In a chair In the smoking- compart
ment of the Pullman car. "you can trail
nearly every railroad accident to the
mania for speed. Safety is a secondary.'
consideration. The first object is to get
there in a hurry. Look at the adver
tisements of the different railroads.
You'll see that speed Is always empha
sised. If one road can make the run
from New York to Chicago In twenty
minutes less time than it takes on some
other road the fact Is played up In big
type, as If it were the most Important
thing in the world. The public has gone
crazy over this matter of rushing. Get
there quick Is the great object We've
not to be educated up to the Idea that
speed Is not the only thine which should
be considered.. The man who thinks his
tune Is so Important that the gain or
loss of an hour Is vital ought to .be
chucked lntok well and allowed to. cool
off. Say. porter, how are we running?
Seems to me this Irani Is merely creep
""Yes. sah. We're about twenty minutes
lctfc- The heavy rains have made the
track unsafe along hese and we got to
kind of careful.
"Confound this road, anyhow! r It never
travel on It asain. Why the dickens cant.
?r.wmMmmfmMEi -, Mmxi'sms&!:
tk7 gat people am oat tsaj-."
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