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SPECIAL ACENCT. Biunawb BuUdlnc
Cfcican BerraentaUre. A. B. KEATOR, tlS
FRIDAY,' OCTOBER 11. -1911
A Bad Primary Law.
California's record of the past, per
haps, makes less surprising the dis
honor which it is now purposed to add
to it The plans have been laid to dis-
irancmse in the present campaign a
'great party, -and this initiative has been
sanctioned by the State's highest tri
- Four years ago the President received
a plurality in California "well up to
ward a hundred thousand. When the
pre-convention primaries Merc held this
ear a 'fraction of the electorate reg
istered a preference in favor of Mr.
Roosevelt as the nominee of the Re
publican convention. He failed to se
cure the prize. He left the party, and
in a new organization he usurps the
place that belongs to another. In the
votes that President Taft will receive
in California his name will have to be
written in on the ballot, which imposes
upon those who prefer him a task that
will lose him thousands of votes. A
more effective device for disfranchise
ment could hardly have been contrived.
Along this path Ute State provides a
fit leader, its own Governor, the run
ning mate of the Moose leader. He has
referred to the President of the United
States in terms that might be pardoned
in the politician of the slums, but com
ing from one of his pretensions have
shocked the sense of decency of true
citizens. If such an extinguishment of
individual rights can be successfully1 ac
complished it reveals a weakness in our
electoral system. Should this usurpa
tion prove successful in the State, Con
gress should exercise every constitu
.ional power at its command to defeat
The court held that as long as the
irovisions of the law had been com
?lied with the Attorney General's de
nurrer must be sustained. The court's
atimate of the statute itself was ex
resed by Chief Justice Bcatty, who
In my opinion it is a very bad pri
nary law. It disfranchises absolutely
he voters of this State and deprives
them of the free exercise of their func
ions as independent voters. As to the
frovision that hold-over State Senators
are qualified to sit as delegates to help
'-choose Presidential electors, I see that
one-third of the voters are positive!
without the right to express their free
choice. In this case the voters of four
teen Democratic districts were disfran
chised. A question may be permitted whether,
in view of the court's condemnation of
the law, it should not have found
against the Attorney General's de
murrer. Best Way to Save the Seal.
A "single closed season has resulted
in an increase o'f the Alaskan seal pack
1o a number greater than it had at
tained within the past fifteen jears.
There are 90,000 more seals on" the
Pnbilof rookeries than there were in
ion, and of this increase nearly 52,000
are females. Commissioner Bowers at
tributes the increase to the suspension
oi pelagic scaling and refers to "a bit
"ter controversy" on this subject before
But the theory that the decline and
threatened extinction of the seal herds
were due mainly to the pelagic hunt of
these animals was never seriously con
troverted; the question in dispute was
the advisability of continuing the drives
on shore of the bachelor males. The
fur seal is a po!gamist, and the killing
off of the surplus male population was
held to be advantageous to the herds
as a whole. Congress, however, has not
adopted this theory, but has suspended
'I killing on land for five jears. Pe
unting is permanently enjoined
Ohio and the "Becall."
jpf" We ct 1 t.j be hearing less about the
recall ot .oiidal decisions. We won
der why. Perhaps such happenings as
Ohio's vote on the amendments pro
posed by her recent constitutional con
vention may help to explain it. That
vote seems to indicate that "the people"
themselves are not clamoring for the
privilege, of passing directly on con
stitutional questions. On the contrary,
it looks as ff they rather disliked to
Btudy such questions. Some of those
amendments would have "altered the
.fundamental law of 'Ohio radically,
and yet not one-half of the voters tnAlc
the trouble to express their opinions on
fffi ny one of them. That, it may be add-I-
etVi in 'accord whJr'NewYork'srex-
Jt -J Krj
I - .' . -". .ft .- .!. , . .- cA.
ipcneoce- wnen tBeLcguuture -swam
important issues to, the electorate, j ,
ii u some urac since unio oais
constitutional convention, 'so 'that ,fcer
voters are not exactly suffering from
weariness in this natter.1 Their op
portunity was an unusual one. If they
neglected to take advantage, of it, now
much interest would', tfaeyr display if
they were called on frequently to cor
rect the constitutional decisions of their
Air this, of course, is apart from 'the
question whether they -are competent to
'do the work- of the courts better than
the courts do it Few' people doubt
that the courts sometimes make mis
takes, or that there is need of judicial
reform, but vve have yet to hear any
convincing reason why, if-the people
don't succeed in choosing satisfactory
judges, they can nevertheless be expect
ed "to take the time and trouble to
sene satisfactorily as their own -supreme
court for a peculiarly difficult
class of cases. i
The School of Journalism.
The Pulitzer SchooL of Journalism.
Columbia University, New York City,
was formally opened with ico students
in attendance. Dr. Talcott Williams,
the head of the new school, formerly
one of the editors of the Philadelphia
Press, called attention to the fact that
twenty-one countries and States, in
cluding China and New Zealand, weref
represented in the' student body; and !
that one-halt of the men who had en-
j r .t. . ijli 1
tered lor the first jear had had news-;
paper experience and had left wage- j
earning positions to enter the school.
One-fifth o'f the students with whom!
the school begins hold college degrees,!
nnrl tiini nrr nmn TmirnalTt liaipl00
i , . ... ,. r
oeen siovv to accept tne utility oi special
training precisely as old-fashioned law
yers were skeptical of the utility ct the
law schools. In the same way the
commercial community, with few ex
ceptions, once regarded special courses
ior business ; now v oung men are eager
to take advantage of technical training
for commercial work.
Dr. Williams defined the purpose of
the training and writing in the school
to be to secure accuracy and individ
uality of stjle; and called attention to
the emphasis laid on actual work under
conditions as nearly approximating
thoe in newspaper offices as possible.
This training in accuracy of expression,
however, rests on the foundation of
knowledge of history, economics, and
literature, the. aim being-not to make
men who will write "smart" articles in
the shortest possible time, but men
thoroughly prepared to do both ap
prentice and the higher clas of work
which lies bejond for men of ability
Mrs. Russell Sage's Benefaction.
It was time that something decisive
should be done to protect the migratory
feathered creatures. The beautiful
wood duck is almost as nearly extinct
as the wild pigeon, whose flights dark
ened the skies within the memory of
men now living The prairie chicken
is going fast. Sportsmen who a few
vears ago used to find quail and part
ridge in plenty in the North now make
pilgrimages to remote districts of
Southern States for their favorite
shooting Snipe and some of the
choicer varieties of the duck family
v early grow more scarce. Song birds,
even, though protected in most places
by laws more rigorously enforced than
those as to game birds, need better pro
tection and a better chance to breed
In the bird-refuge they will find such
protection. The American Game Pro
tective and Propagation Society has a
refuge and bird farm in Massachusetts.
Similar projects arc contemplated by
sportsmen's organizations in other
States. There should be a refuge some
where along the Carolina coast. With
this phase of the endeavor must go
protective legislation Eventually Fed
eral protection o'f migratory bird life
may be necessary, as varjing State laws
leave odds against the birds.
Probably in no other way could Mrs.
Russell Sage have done so much for!
the bird life of this country as by the
purchase cf Marsh Island, in Louisiana,
as a refuge for migratory birds. In
that great tract of wood and swamp
land they will feed and nest, and freed
from the attacks of market hunters,
poacher"!, and plume gatherers, game
birds and song birds alike can breed
and recruit their yearly dwindling num
bers. The Greek letter Societies.
It will be surprising to a great many
people to learn that there are in Amer
ican colleges to-day 2.500 chapters of
Greek letter fraternities, that these
chapters in their time have initiated
389,000 men, and that they own prop
erty valued at least at about $15,000,000.
Much has been written of college
"frats." They have sometimes been re
garded as destrojers o'f higher scho
lastic standards, have often been ac
cused of being potent influences for
evil, and occasionally have been charged
with fostering among their, members a
spirit of snobbishness and' hostility to
all things pertaining to the genera! good
of the schools.
Many who have- studied the question
of fraternities in school believe jbem to
be of benefit instead of harm. The
fraternity system with its tremendous
membership of educated and enlightened
men and its vast financial resources
can be made an enormous force for
good or for ilL The duty of .the pres
ent is to see that they develop along
lines that -will not interfere rwith aca
demic democracy ' asd tnlercolleeiavte
1 . a r.--t
-s. . i.?tJUJr 1-1ttS-5.
sv,2 ftfiwflfflrittsWBff' rixtmmr'r- ' rT""ni rir"- '' ' '
A UTtli NONStIE.
'a. irV A. t. . - T
The straw ride sow Is ut.lb'tBlnT
. AIoaattBeJroad you bump, ''
Ton wlaee when saynioniultos'StlnsT '
And -call yourself a chunw,
Tou sneese and snuJRa as you ride, , .,
Take dust into your craw:
And almost perforate your ,hlde
On ragged 0" -f- straw.
,. :. j$jm , ,
Tou jolt along eight miles from town
And .try to think It bliss: ,..-
And maybe, as, the moongoea down.
Tou get a hasty "kiss.
VMtfcaU Seasaa. .
Thv college boys are busy.BOW growing
Vkta Vegetables Flew.
"That -actress tosses her across at the
audience An a spiteful war."
- r? .
L'Tea; .There's some animus, there. She
cant zorget tost sne usco io do ua
October.,!! In Hlatory.
October J1.U95. -Henry of Navarre In
vents buckwheat cakes.
October 11, 1TS5. Ojlver Goldimlth wins
the duckput championship of England.
lie pida't 'Know JIaclt.
1 foolifhly told a suffragette that
women were not- fitted for the ballot.
''She showed jne up. before a lot of my
friends Asked me to tell what I knew
about 'Schedule K."
The "ttoclable 'Oyster.
The 'ojster, ' fond of friends, is
To mingle with a few.
So do not put. one all alone
xnto an oyster stew.
backed an opei
backed an opera company
cBt me too."
-piker! Did you ever have your own
Presidential candidate J"
A cheap" Food. '
rvhat' that vou navr
"I say our ancestors didn't know
"V.!I If nrlii.i lrn rnlnr nn
I " " -"'-' r --i
scendants will become
quainted with them.'
The OI4 Story.
"I say. Wombat, why did you marry
such a bridge flendT
"Same old foolish story. Wallaby. I
married her to reform her."
WHERE EDISON IS WRONG.
lnrentor Still Has Something!
Leant About Politics.
From th rhlladeli&ia ETvnlns Te!cgrafc
Mr. Edison makes a statement illus
trative of how much he still has to learn
about some things. "There are too many
lawyers at Washington and not esough
manufacturers." says the inventor. No
person who has ever given any thought
to the function of the lawjer in society
will agree with that statement- The tvpe
of lawyer who usually enters politics is
trained to systematic knowledge of man
ufacturing and commercial conditions:
he Is one whose rise in his profession Is
immediately associated with his skill n
adjustng the business relations of his
clients, between themselves and with the
general public His training Inevitably
makes him alert to all business phases
and Intensely alive to the probable effect
of any proposed statute upon the for
tunes of commerce. The lawyer. Instead
of being, as Mr. Edison implies, a person
unable to appreciate a problem in gov
ernment, has proved .himself the most
useful and trustworthy associate ot the
busy manufacturer. He is not the en
emy, but the envoy of business at Wash
A Sneressfnl Negro.
From th Outlook.
At the recent meeting of the Negro
Buriness League the most striking story
ot financial success was that of Watt
Terr, a oung negro, who In 19W went
Irom Virginia to Brockton, Maw, with
a cabltai of 13 cents. He worked as
coachmar. Janitor, porter, and shoe
maker, and finally became a real estate
broker. In the last-named occupation his
success has been so great that at the
present time he reports that his Income
ranges from S6.000 to 17,000 per month.
Panama Canal Too Small.
H. II. Wlnonr, in the Poraltr Mcchanlca Mt
xiDe. That the limit In the building of big
ships has not jet been reached or even
decided on. Is the opinion of the recent
International Congress of Navigation.
As to what the flnal extreme length of
ships may be no one seemed willing; to
definitely commit himself. The subject
came up during the discussion of a re
port In which It was recommended thst
a limitation in size might be secured by
refusing government aid to the building
or operation of sea-going vessels whose
maximum dimensions exceeded, length,
SH0 feet: breadth. 105 feet; draft. K.I feet.
At the same time the prediction was
made that the time was not for distant
when the Panama Canal will be too
small to permit the safe passage of the
great ships of the future. Naturally the
loss of the largest ship afloat was dis
cussed In Its bearing jjn future contrac
tion, but the opinion was that that event
would serve as no deterrent: tnat a
smaller ship with the same injury would
not have remained afloat nearly as long.
On land the tendency Is unquestionably
toward centralization and large units,
with a result of better service and
greater economy. The isolated electric
plant cannot, ordinarily, compete with
the large stations In big cities. Railroads
are building larger locomotives to haul
longer trains. Steel buildings that were
erected only ten jears ago and whiih
should last a century are being pulled
down to be replaced by taller structures.
Whether this same tendency will work
out equally well when applied to the op
eration of monster freight carriers at sea
is let a disputed question.
Fanny Old Sradoar.
Boston. The thirteen- car-old British
schooner Vera B. Roberts was Just
twenty-three days coming here from St.
John, because she put into some port
along the way every night- Capt- Rob
erts has been aflrffcted with rheumatism,
and he didn't care to be at sea at night.
There Is a caew of six men, all told.
aboard the two sticker, and notwlth
standing the long trip the men were
"It's all right for these young sea dogs
whose bones don't ache to stay out all
night," explained Capt- Roberts, "but an
old fellow like me can't stay out nights.
It's bad for the rheumatism. So I took
it easy, making a port every night and
staying there until the sun came up.'
"MJrandy, Mlrandy! Git up! They's
ten automobiles gone byt a'ready this
mornln, an th' chickens ain't been
turned out into th road yit!"
A FELLOW'S SWEKTHEARTS.
Mr Drat sweetheart waa Catherine, ' r
Am fair aa a my waa she;
And next oai sweet Bales, the dressier.
The eaty of an of the sebool:
Thea followed Grace, the qnera of bar race
Asd the arpto ot each fallow's ere. 1
On.' bow. a I aifhan a-thlnalr. . i
Mr auad'tramla back to cnrlr-buiM Oenrrtrre,
A.swwat Uttk asbBm-habwa maiden : '
ant wow.I arias tarm, by jnmr bare.
The wnWof'tlMw. aO. Mr sad aweet.
Ikssssr sat esaa'sssb -
- Jji Jtiv" ...
- r--r iv -,T mi. nnno, ,a r 1
. flfi'.-AV Tr-TA
1 z, ".-'' -ry
Matters of General Interest
left Babaeral War OeergelReaeat of -Bavaria to eonferthe tHla
Before naleft Batooral Wag George
ox jsngiand had a day's aaontlnT with
Admiral, and -Mrs, Beatiy. who are Use
nearest neuthbors to the royal nalr oa
Deeslde In the Scotch Highlands, beta
ue tenants or invereaiua, tne aacestrai
home -of Aleo. Farquharaoa. orrthe oppo
site bank of the river Dee. Mrs. Beatty
la an American. She Is the- daughter, of
tne late Marshall Field, of Chicago.
Another Anglo-American hostess, who
entertained the King, and Queen In Scot-
ana on tneir Journey south, tnls roonm
from Balmoral, is the Duchess of Rox
burgh, the chatelaine ot Floors' Castle.
where the royal pair snent a day and
night The duchess' inherited a third ot
the vast wealth of hen father, the late
Ogden Goelet. Her only brother was re
puted to be the richest young man In
America for years, untlTlhe tragic death
ot CoL John Jacob Astor. by which this
rare distinction passed 'to the tatter's
son. Vincent Astor.
This Robert Goelet Vnade a romantic
marriage with a penniless but beautiful
girl. Miss Elsie Whelen- The, now pos
sess, in addition to numerous American
homes, a chateau In the vicinity of Paris,
which they acquired furnished through
out, v ,th Its original contents, all dat
ing from the time of Louis XIV. ,
Mr. and Mrs. George Jay Gould are
staying in London with the younger
members of their family, having come
over from New Tork to attend the christ
ening ot their granddaughter. This took
place at Stoke Pogis Church Monday,
The baby In question Is the first child
born to Lord and Lady Decles. The tat
ter's sister, Mrs. Anthony DrexelJr., was
one of the godparents, with Mr. Howard
Gould. Lord Grevllle. Lady Waterford,
and Mrs. Edward Lumb (sister of Lord
Decles). Canon Bsrnett officiated and
the child was named Vivian, after her
By the disposal of Banff House and
East 8heen Lodge In the Scottish High
lands, the Princess Royal Dowager
Duthejs of Fife has seen two of her
former homes change hands In the last
month. East Sheen held many anectlon
ate memories for her. Here It was that
she spent her honeymoon In 1SS9. and
where her late father. King Edward,
Was a frequent guest on Sunday after
noons, joining in a game of croquet on
Its shady lawns, or trjlng his hand at
bowls In competition with his son-in-law.
East Sheen now will be occupied by Its
new purchaser. Capt. Horace Hood, com
mander of the Royal Naval College, at
Osborne. His wife is an American (nee
Nlckersen). and they have a little aon
aged two vears.
Apropos of Osborne, King George has
placed Barton Manor at the disposal of
his eldest sister, the Duchess of Fife,
for the coming winter! as it Is not likely
that, being In mourning, she will care
to go abroad again this winter. Furth
ermore, It is believed that the Princess
Royal is anxious to spend the coming
months In England, and to Interrupt as
little as possible the studies of her young
er daughter. Princes Maud.
This oung princess has marked musi
cal talents, plays the piano brilliantly,
and has a beautiful voice, which is now
being trained. On the other hand, the
older dauRhter. the oung Duchess of
Fife's talents lean chiefly toward draw
ing and painting, and, like her mother,
she goe in for portraiture In oils.
The nerves of the Cxar of Russia took
a turn for the worse when Premier
Etolypln was shot within a few yards of
him at Kleff. There is no doubt about
it. He trusts nobody and insists that he
knows he must die a violent death, but
wants to put off the evil moment until
his son grows up. He went to Moscow
recently more nervous than, ever, after
an absence of seven years, to unveil his
father's statue. When the roval train
arrived from the Crimea and the royal
dignitaries met him with the bread and
salt of welcome, he refused to leave his
state compartment, salng he knew a
plot had been hatched against him. It
took an hour's persuasion to Induce
him to drive into town; and even then
he gave orders that the horses were to
go at a gallop He was pale and too
much agitated to acknowledge the
lutes of the assembled populace.
The day before he arrived the police
entered all house on the route, told the
people to remove from their cellar what
they might want during the Czar's stay.
then locked and sealed them, taking
away all the kcls. Watering hose, used
to sprinkle the pavements, was pierced
in many places In search of possible
bombs. People were forbidden to appear
on balconies or in windows during the
rojal progress, on pain of being Instantly
shot. His four daughters appeared for
the first time in public in Rusian court
dress when their grandfather's statue
There is no foundation for the report
of the engagement of Grand Duchess
Olga, the Czar's eldest daughter, now
in her seventeenth ear. She is In love
with her cousin. Dimitri Pavlovitch. but
the Czar is holding out for a union with
Boris, the future Czar of the Bulgars.
The lovers never see one another, but
Olga declares she will have nothing to
do with. Boris, and will make a scandal
if their engagement Is announced.
The Czar has been annoved by recur
rent reports of her betrothal to this one
or that one, and every precaution has
been taken to prevent newspapers con
taining them from reaching her hand.
His two oldest .daughters ore full of
life, bitterly resent the seclusion of their
existence, and are pining for the dav
when marriage may take them to a freer
atmosphere. Emperor Nicholas worries
a good deal over Olga's love affair, and
it Is possible that he may give in at last,
as his children greatly tvrannlze him.
He has nothing against Dlmltri, who Is
a nice youth of twenty, but he wants to
strengthen Russian Influence in the Bal
kans, and believes that no better way
can be found than by marrying his eldest
child to the Bulgarian prince.
Czar Ferdinand of the Bulgars Is anx
ious for his son to wed Russia's imperial
princess. The betrothal of Grand Duch
ess Olga to her eousin. Dlmltri, would be
a bitter disappointment to him.
Grand Duke Paul, the Emperor's uncle.
was one of those who accompanied the-
Czar In the imperial yacht for the meet
ing with the Kaiser. After ten years this
grand duke has been restored to his
former position at court, of which he
waa deprived because of a morganatic
marriage. In defiance ot the Emperor's
orders he married a divorced woman,
Olga von Plstolocky, barely a year after
the tragic death of Jils wife. Princess
Marie of Greece. He bought a residence
in Paris, facing the Bols de Boulogne,
and succeeded in getting the aged Prince
-v. - -1 -. '
x " . - - 1'.. - -s. ..-
ir" . .'.. i"-! ,,"W;'"r'"w .
l-MTlir 1 B
eciiOTHKesa von ttonenteisea upon ins
Isamnrsta., The German1 Bmpwui1 're
moved hun from the coloaeloy of the
Second .Regiment of the Prussian Foot
Guards. Tbe grand duke has now been
reinstated In the regiment, but as a sub
ordinate ofhls nephew, the Csar Nich
olas, upon whom, In the meantime the
honorary coloaeloy of the Second Prus
sian Foot "Guards ("Kaiser Alexander")
had been conferred by the German
(Copjrijht. a. bf Court OoaWp Bysdiate.)
Di.tingrriib.ed Prelate, of Church to
Attend Exercises in Alex
andria. KGB. BOHZANO PARTICIPATES
Alexandria, Vs.. Oct 10. Many distin
guished prelates of' the Catholic Church
will be In this city to-morrow to partici
pate In the celebration of Discovery Day
under the auspices of Fitzgerald Council,
No.. 459. Knights of Columbus. Mgr.
Bonzano. the papal delegate; Right Rev.
D. J. O'Connell. Bishop of the Diocese of
Klcnmond: xgrs. Mackln and Russell, of
Washington, and Rev. Father Noon, ot
the Dominican House of Studies, Brook-
land, D. C, are some of the church dig
nitaries who will attend the celebration.
The placing of a wreath on Washing
ton's tomb by the pspal delegate will be
one of the features of the occasion. The
papal delegate, together with other dis
tinguished guests, will leave Washington
for Mount Vemon at 2.06 o'clock and be
accompanied on the trip by a delegation
of members of the local council. The
party will reach this city at t JS o'clock,
where there will be a brief stop.
Returning to Alexandria, the papal del
egate at 1.30 o clock will tender a recep
tion to the school children of St- Mary's
Church st the Todng Men's Sodality
Lyceum Hall. This will be followed by
an automobile trip around the city by
the papal delegate and other visitors,
during which time they will visit the
points of historic interest
Dinner will be served the visitors at
7 o'clock at the Hotel RammeL This
will be followed by a musical and lit
erary entertainment at S'15 o'clock at
the Young Men's Sodality Lyceum Hall,
at which time the principal address ot
the evening will be delivered by Rev.
Father Noon, w ho will take for his sub
ject. "The Life of Christophe- Colum
bus." Addresses will also be made ay
Mgr. Bonzano and Right Rev. D. J.
During the evening the musical pro
gramme will be furnished by a quartet
from St. Patricks Catholic Church.
Right Rev. D. J. O Connell arrived here
this afternoon, and is a guest at St
Admission to the. exercises will be by
card only. m
Student Fight Flrr.
Students at the Episcopal High School
early this afternoon proved themselves
fire fighters when they formed them'
selves Into a bucket brigade and suc
ceeded In saving that building from 1
fire which threatened to destroy it As
a result of their work the building was
only damaged to the extent of about
S300. and was confined to two rooms on
the third floor, and the roof of the struc
ture was also considerably damaged.
The Are was discovered early In the
afternoon by little Miss Mary Willoughby
Reade, seven years, old. who was on the
lawn surrounding the school. She lost
no time in giving an alarm, and in
short order the students marched from
the building and quickly formed them
selves into a well disciplined bucket
brigade. In half an hour the fire was
The fire originated in the room of G,
C. Shackelford, a teacher at that Insti
tution, and soon spread to the adjoining
room, considerably damaging both rooms
together with their contents before it
was gotten under control.
The fire did not create any panic
among the students, who marched from
the building in perfect order and gave
all the assistance they could.
The blaze broke out under the window
of Mr. Shackelford's room, and attaches
of the school stated this afternoon the)
have no idea as to what caused it Had
it not been for the timely discovery ot
It by little Miss Reade the entire build
ing would undoubtedly have been de-
Maanna Visit City.
A largo delegation of members of the
Scottish Rite Masons, who are In session
In Washington, Journeyed over to this
city this afternoon and visited Christ
Church and the Masonic Temple. The
visitors were met in this city by a com
mittee of local members of the Scottish
Rite and escorted around the city. This
committee was composed of Messrs.
Hanrahan. A. A. Rand, Charles H. Cal
lahan, L. Ruben. S. W. Pitts, J. W. May.
A. A. Paul, C B. Swan, and Harry
Brown The visitors stopped here on
their return trip from Mount Vernon by
steamer and returned on electric cars
which were provided for them under the
direction of Supt Percy Clift
A large number of people to-night at
tended the concert given in the audi
torium of the Elks' Home under the
auspices ot the Anti-Tuberculosis So
ciety. The affair was given by Mrs.
Samuel Henry Stephens, lyric soprano,
and Prof. Franklin Scbulyer Sonnakolb,
the Holland pianist
Katharine, the eight-year-old daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Nails, ot SIT
South Alfred Street, was seriously burned
late yesterday afternoon while plajing
with matches in the jard adjoining the
house. A man who was passing threw
his coat around the child and extinguish
ed the flames. Dr. Powell, who was
summoned, stated the Injuries were only
-t. 1 .
Mw" r " x- r -
an-ffli WmM "' " 1TM.T
. rf ' ., .,-
r, mmb fjtch;
A tank Is a recsntacl for holding!
fluids, and Is about as Interesting" as a
box, or a tump, or aA crosscut-saw',. or
a spavin cure.
Them arc many kinds of tasks which
are very useful, and without which this
would, be a sad and dusty world.
Water tanks are more necessary than
legislators, and gas tanks an more
useful than orators, thoua-h not as Im
posing; But there Is one kind of tank
.which Is' of no use to the World In any
capacity, and that Is the man who de
votes bis life to the holding of malt
ana spirituous liquors.
Like other tanks, this sort of manIs
fUle'l .through a small hole In the top,
but there the resemblance ends. What
ever, U poured Into him Is spoiled, and
moreover. It helps spoil him. There
are human tanks who hold almost In
credible amounts of liquor, but they
do not do It as successfully as barrels,
and they get nobody's tbsnks for It
A human tank Is a nuisance, because
after It Is full It moves about from
place to place and gets In the way of
traffic and falls down on crowded side
walks and goes to sleep with Its boots
on. If a wooden tank were to roll off
Its foundation and stagger from place
to plaee, emitting loud whoops and
shaking hands with total strangers. It
would be demolished with an ax. But
everyone Is kind to the human tank,
and gets out of Its way Instead of tip
ping It up and rolling It back to the
brewery where If belongs.
Human tanks devote their lives and
energies to their profession, and fill
themselves up each day with highballs,
whisky sours, sloe gins, peach bran
dies. Tom and Jerrys, and malt liquors.
A mixture like this would eat the Un-1
to the child's body and were not dan
gerous. The football team of the Alexandria
High School will play a game Saturday
at Front Rojal with Randolph-Macon
Academy. 'Other games scheduled dur
ing the month follow: October 16, Busi
ness High School, or Washington, at
home: October 23, Hartford Athletic
Club, at home; October 29, Episcopal
High School, on grounds of latter Insti
tution. Among the Alexandria women attend
ing the annual meeting of the United
Daughters of the Confederacy in ses
sion at Harrisonburg. Va , are the fol
lowing: Mr. T. H. O'Brien, Mrs. Wilbur
Reid. Mrs. J. E. Alexander. Mrs. Walter
McCaffery, Mrs. Mary Kelly.
The marriage of Miss Mabela May
Dodd and Frank Dobaon. both of this
city, took place last night at the par
sonage of the Second Presbjterlan
Church. The ceremony was performed
by Rev. Dr. John Lee Allison, pastor of
John Frank Brown, twelve years old.
son of Mr. and Mr. J. D. Brown, died
last night at the residence of his par
ents. 22 Jefferson Street The arrange
ments for the funeral have not iet been
Unregarded Cries for Help.
From the nilidrlpbU rren.
A Wilmington jouth while bathing in
Brandy wine Creek was allowed to drown
because the onlookers thought his cries
for help were a Joke. A few weeks ago
a similar incident happened in Philadel
phia. Elsewhere we hear of drownings
under l.ke circumstances. A couple ot
years ago a parachutist who dropped ac
cidentally into deep water drowned in
the presence of hundreds ot people who
watched his frantic struggles in the
water and heard his cries for help, but
it took it all to be part of the game
Truly these incidents argue a, peculiar
idea ot humor In some people. Possibly
it asserts Itself only in hot weather.
Extreme sensitiveness to the ridicule
of being "caught" is a national charac
teristic of Americans. No one relishes
becoming the victim of a practical Joke.
But there Is a time for ever) thine, and
this kind of sensitiveness manifestly is
out ot place when a fellow-creature is
known to be In a dangerous position and
cries for help. The fable of the boy who
cried "Wolf:" and fooled his friends and
neighbors so often that they left him to
his fate when one da) a wolf came
along and attacked him is a very ancient
parable. Because one boy cried "Wolf!"
simply to fool people was no reason,
however, why when another boy called
"Wolfi" no attention should be paid to
Frolicsome youths while bathing may
pretend danger as one outlet for exuber
ant animal spirits. There should be lit'
tie difficulty in distinguishing between
such sportive ebullitions and the heart-
piercing cries of true fear. In no case
where help Is earnestly asked should It
be withheld because of mere suspicion
that the cry Is not sincere. There are
plenty of wa)s for punishing one who
perpetuates a trick of the kind from
simple wantonness and alarms the on
lookers. To let a human being drown on
suspicion that he is fooling Is a most
From the Buffalo Errrnw.
Fresh air is probably the world's best
medicine, not only in the treatment of
disease, but In Its prevention. This is a
statement buried in an announcement
by the National Asoclatlon for the
Study and Prevention of TuberculoK
Not one person In 100, It says further,
gets enough fresh air at his work, at his
rest or in his sleep. The association has
published a handbook on the subject ot
sleeping out of doors and giving direc
tions aa to how to obtain the greatest
benefit in so doing.
The helpfulness of fresh air has long
been understood In a general way. but
calling it the world's best medicine will
give it a new value In the minds of
many. Knowledge of It has expanded In
the last tew jears from a point at which
it was thought necessary to send suffer
ers from tuberculosis to California. Colo
rado or Arizona to a point when the at
mosphere of the Adlrondacks was appre
ciated, and since then, to the appre
ciation of the most available large open
space having clean air.
But while the curative work goes on.
thousands of more or less able-bodied
persons make no effort to secure individ
ual breathing space. They sleep with
closed windows, ride in closed cars and
work In stuffy offices, shops or stores.
Some few persons in the crowd whose
lungs are offended protest or escape, but
the bulk of humanity tolerates polluted
air while it cries for unpolluted food and
A Mere Spatter.
She Was he furious, dear, when ou
told him that we had been secretly mar
ried? He Not really furious; only sulfurious.
To at BnddlnaT Suffragette.
Some day, sweet Isobel, when you are
Tou, too,' may go where cobblestones are
And In your nicest frock (pray, don't be
With aim unerring break a window pane.
Honduras Is developing a valuable ln-u
duatry from Its. hitherto ignored guano-
palm trees, which; yield a lumber lighter
Uian waC '
17 ZTZ j - I
" ?V ,r . .
.- . ,
II i nYliifssTilMfirnr il Hfc&rareasgtr
- fe' ' .'
in out of a steel tank In' no tim. hat
human tanks: stand it for many years,
I though they eventually sag on all aides
and become limp and leaky. Nothing
is more paineuc man tne sight ot aa
ancient human tank1 whlcb has worked
up a magnificent1 capacity, but whleh
can no longer fill Itself up every day,
because of the cruel cash system pre
vailing at the, reservoirs. - -
"A htsaaa task la a mdsuKX."
There should be a commission In
this country to take care ot human
tanks and set them securely on con
crete foundations, so that they cannot
wander back Into their once homes
when full, and attempt to act as hus
bands and. fathers with the most dis
(OopirUbt. rra by Grafra JUtbew Adina)
American Forces Have Country Un
der Control and Revolution
Practically Is Over.
TRANSPORTATION LINES RESUME
Ail organized resistance to the govern
ment of Nicaragua has disappeared and
quiet prevails In that republic for the
first time in rr"-e than two months, ac
cording to dispatches to the State and
Navy Departments yesterday.
Admiral Southerland has made a tour
of inspection along the entire line of the
railroad from Granada to Corlnto, stop
ping at each city where American forces
were stationed. He arrived at Corlnto
Wednesday night and went on board the
gunboat Annapolis after a period of sev
eral weeks in pergonal command of the
American forces In the interior of Nica
ragua. The admiral reported esterday
that the railroad Is now absolutely safe,
all cities along the line are quiet and
freight traffic has been resumed. The
lake steamers resumed their regular
schedules )etexday, and supplies which
have been accumulating on the coast are
now being moved Into the cities to which
they were destined.
The American forces are now In con
trol at all points. The American'' ma
rine and naval officers have set up tem
porary municipal governments In each
cltr in which detachments are stationed
and are preserving order throughout the
Mines Under Plaaa.
According to reports from Admiral
Southerland esterday at Chinandega.
where Commander Terhune, of the An
napolis, has been in command of the
American forces, an attempt to blow up
the marines and bluejackets was dis
covered. When the Americans entered
the city, upon its capitulation, it was
found that the entire plaza had been
mined. One hundred and fifty sticks of
djnamtte were found planted In the
plaza, all connected by a wire which was
connected with a battery in a nearby
tower. It is believed the rebels lost
their nerve when the Americans ap
proached and did not dare try to set off
their mine. The dynamite was promptlv-
removed by the Americans. Several
shots were fired at the Americans, but
none was hit.
At Leon, where Lieut Col. Ing. of
the Marine Corps. Is in command, great
uneasiness exists because of the fear of
the Inhabitants that the government
troops will come In and wreck vengeance
on the people of the cit for their con
duct during the revolution. Col. Long
has assured them that no government
troops will be permitted to enter until
normal conditions are restored, and he
has posted forces In intrenchments out
side the city to guard against such a
Admiral Southerland reports that all
tho wounded at Leon and elsewhere are
getting along well, and will recover. He
plans to transfer all tha sick and the
wounded to the hospital at Ancon. Canal
Zone, in a few da)s. They will go to
Panama on the cruiser Colorado.
The names of two of the wounded were
reported correctly by Admiral Souther
land jesterday, after they had been
Barbled in previous dispatches Thy
are. I.ance. ordinary season. Colorado,
and Balder, trumpeter. Marine Corps
Both will recover.
Providing; for Old Age.
From the yew Tork American.
Before the eyes of the average man
there Is but one bugbear old age. In
these das when specialization is In
evitable the specter of penniless declin
ing jears Is more to be feared than for
merly by the Jack of all trades.
To the case In point Is Information Im
parted to a Chicago college class by
Supt Graves, of the King Home for Old
"Only one man In 10.0)." he says. "Is
self-supporting at seventy. In the United
States there are now 1.13,0(10 former
wage-earners sixty-five and more, de
pendent upon public and private charltv
at a cost of C30.WO.000. Moreover, there
are 200.000 old men and women in home3
whose upkeep costs J50.000.000 annually.
"In these days of efficiency tests when
one must measure from TO to SO per cent
of perfect service to hold his own. In
dustrial old age comes to many who are
mentally and physically able to work."
These facts and figures teach the need
ot training oneself how to do what there
is to do a little better than the other
fellow. The brain grows more capable
with use. Allowing that we have pro
vided for'our old age. we ought still to
provide against the mental poverty that
is sure to come in the da)s of enforced
Ravlaw of Reviews . h
Cosmoaolltan . . .1
lubllahen price. S5QTJ; Gsb rrica after Kovtmber
10. SUS. If drand. Good Uouarkprpirs. Harpara
Buar, Beant'a. MeClura'a. Modern PrucQla for
two ;rara. Pcanon'a or Fletprial Xterlew may ba
Hitstltuted for CoovoroUtan. Write for estimate on
anr magvinr. I can dopUeata any offer. aaada by
any publbner or agency.
. JAMES SFRASER. " T, .
. S1 Keaola Bid-. 11th and GRtaw -
4 , (rVwfesjl,