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Discussion Between Kopelin and Ryan
Socialist . Contends that
wealth Stands for the Greatest Good to the
- ' Gfeatest'Number of People.
. Br LOUIS KOPELITC.
Socialism: Is bawd otTabsotate Justice.
, Capitalism li based on crass Injustice.
I shall prove. these assertions to the
satisfaction of any fair-minded person.
First what, Is justicer" According to
Webster's International Dictionary. "jus
itlce" means "the rendering' to every one
) his due -or right." It Is the right or every
tone to live. And In order to live every
i one must have access to the means' of
i producing the necessaries of life. The
means 'or production to-aay ere una ana
machinery. These are owned and con
trolled by .a small class of capitalists.
An a. result of this private ownership of
j the means of production and distribution
the masses are compelled to wora ior
less than half of what they' produce and
remain Idle when It does not pay or
please the capitalists to employ them.
This IS tne situation to-aay. imn is
I capitalism. This Is Injustice.
A. system of society that doee not ren-
der ,-to every one his due or right is on
When the average factory worker every
year produces tUB9 worth of wealth over
iand above the cost of superintendence
and rasv materials and gets only si in
I wages, -a, system that permits this is un
just. "When more than-Ave million women are
forced to labor at unhealthful occupations
for wages even lower than those of the
men. a system that permits this Is un-
When nearly two million children below
' the-juco of fourteen are ground Into prof-
1 Its. a system that permits this Is unjustri
when the railroads ana tne coai mines
murder and malm tens of thousands every
(year,- a system that permits this Is un
IJusL When capitalists and manufacturers
' adulterate and poison the food of the peo
ple, a system that permits, this Is unjust.
' AndNthls is capitalism.
Strikes at the Root.
C8ttallsm strikes at the root of this In
justice. That Is. it proposes to abolish
.'the private ownership of the means of
life. It contends that land and macbin-'-
ery are absolutely necessary to safeguard
the rJgbts of the Individual. It. there
I fore, demands that they shall be owned
collectively by all the people and demo
cratically managed for the good of all
This Is Socialism. This Is justice.
A system of society that will render to
1 every one his due or right Is Just.
When a worker Is able to get the .full
! value of what he produces; a system
I that does this Is just.
i When the women are made economlc-
ally Independent or able to make the
.' home what It should be a blessing to
mankind a system that does this is Just.
When the children can be sent to
I school until hey are developed Into use-
ful.citlzens; a system that does this is
When all machinery and occupations
are safeguarded in all possible manner
'against accidents and disease; a system
that does this is Just.
When production of food and other
commodities are carried on for the use
Instead of profit; a system that does
this is Just.
And this Is Socialism.
Socialism proposes the greatest good
to the greatest number with all possible
consideration for the rights of the
minority. It comes to protect the indi
vidual as well as society. The govern
ment under Socialism will of necessity
be a pure democracy. That means the
people will rule. And when the people
rule no one has the right to complain.
Possessed of the Initiative, referendum,
end recall, the people will safeguard the
rights of all. Bosslsm or autocracy can
not thrive where pure democracy obtains.
Greed and graft cannot thrive where
' every human. being is politically and eco
nomically the- equal of every other hu
Stay Quote Spencer.
It is possible that my opponent, who
is a churchman, may resort to the ar
gument of the infidel. Herbert Spencer,
which, in effect, is that "Socialism is
Will Be the Subject of aa Address by
EUGENE V. DEBS,
"i The SoelalIstCaadldete for PreeMeat, and Oae erf the Greatest
Orators la America, at
Friday, October 18, at 8 P. M.
TICKETS, 16c, 9Be, aad BOe.
HOB-Sale-heWThe Kattsmal Socialist, 433 G St. X. W.i f. Artaar Smith, latT
F Street IT. W. Mark Blase, 81a Eighth St. S. E.
The hall la nearly Mid out now.
OUCE. Doat solas this oapeilualty ef
The Essence of Contentment.
An After Dinner Smoke.
DEER HEAD, 10c
Good For 10 Votes.
AFTER DINNER, 5c
Good For 5 Votes.
Offterdinger Quality Shop
508 Nintli Street N. W.j
Votes. Also Given on AH Purchases Made at Above Store.
the coming slavery." Spencer was an
Individualist."1 He. might even be termed
a 'philosophical anarchist. To him the
'state. was tyranny. The government of
his. day was also distasteful to his Inde
pendent temperament. Spencer contend
ed, that the government under" Socialism
would be too drastic and powerful. He,
however, did not live .under a pure
democracy. The Initiative, , referendum,
and recall were unknown to him.. In his
day representative government alone
It certainly would be distasteful to.
live In a system where the people would
be ruled by representatives they elect
ed and not able to express themselves
until certain election days. But Social
ism will not have representative govern
ment only, tinder Socialism the checks
on the government official would not be
lr a Constitution which could be mis
interpreted by corrupt judges, but they
would lie In the people themselves
Under Socialism, the people will Initi
UnderSoclallsm, the people will pass
on legislation enacted by their repre
sentatives. Under Socialism, the people will recall
any representative who would be recre
ant to his duty.
Unless a person Is an anarchist and
dees not believe In a government of the
People he can find fault with the gov
ernment under Socialism. It Is simply
the idea of democracy carried into In
dustry. It is simply a system where so
ciety will control and operate all things
that are social and the Individual will
control and enjoy all things that are
Offers F-nll Opportunity.
In the language of Eugene V. Debs,
the eloquent champion of the working
class. Socialism will give every one the
fullest opportunity for the fullest de
velopment, In his great work "Union
Ism and Socialism" Debs declares:
"The earth for all the people. That I
"The machinery of production and dis
tribution for all the people. That is the
"The collective ownership and control of
Industry and Its democratic management
in the Interest of all the people. That
Is the demand.
"The elimination of rent, interest, and
profit and the production of wealth to
satisfy the wants of all the people. That
is the demand.
"Co-operative industry in w hich alt shall
work together in harmony as the basis
of a new social order, a higher civiliza
tion, a real republic. That Is the demand.
"The end cf class struggle and class
rule, of master and slave, of Ignorance
and vice, of poverty and shame, of cruel
ty and crime the birth of freedom, the
dawn of brotherhood, the beginning ot
man! That is the demand.
"This is Socialism!"
Deri Bert on Steamship.
Philadelphia, Oct 12. The steamship
Venetls, of the Munson Line, with a
cargo from Cuba, was held up at Marcus
Hook quarantine station to-day. Three
cases of berl bert were discovered among
BAUD CONGEST TO-DAY.
Br Fiftmith U. S. CaraJry Bind. Ar
thur 8. Witcomb, director, at Fbrt Mjtt,
at 11 p. ei. Procramme:
GUARD MOUNT. v
Mirch. "Under v Peaceful Sky"..Hb Bloo
Inspretion. "Airike, Mr Belored,
Troop the line, TanVe Orit"...IIolt2minn
Review, "Tba Micaet"..... .Loser
Omtnrv, 'Xlffat Caralrr" Stcpe
Mazurka Itasee (a), "La Czziine"....Gnne
Morzkowdd's (b) "Serenade" Brooks
Graxd selection. "Eraaci". Verdi
5th & L Sts. N.W.
BETTER GET TOUR SEATS AT
'Churchman Says Socialism Is Unjust" and if
s Successful Would Outrage All-Human
" . and Divine Laws.
l r rRAKCBs di sAuef byav.
In the two .previous articles It has
been demonstrated that Socialism Is Im
practicable. Mr, Kopelin offered his pri
vate views In attempting to answer
several of the thirty-four difficulties that
I submitted, but none ot his statements
were supported with quotations from his
party's platform, or from resolutions
adopted by a majority vote of the mem
bership of the Socialist party. Judced
according- to his own rule, as laid down
by him In two previous Issues of The
Washington Herald. Mr. Kopelin baa
admitted that Socialism officially offers
no solution, no answer to the practical
objections which I set forth in the first
article ot this series.
In the present article I will show
that Socialism Is essentially unjust.
First, however, I wish to say that Mr.
Kopelin la unjust when he Insists on
representing me as an advocate of capi
talism. In his own sense of the word
with all Its abuses and evils. I have
strongly advocated the removal of these
evils, but by just means. I advocate as
alone consistent with the Inalienable
rights of man the continuance of the
world-old system of private ownership,
pursed of Its abuses, with free and rea
sonable competition for all and Injus
tice to none.
Socialists demand that all Industries,
all means of labor, manufactories, ma
chinery, raw materials, work tools. Ac,
be made the exclusive property of, the
entire community. All private property
must be transferred to the Socialist
The question immediately presents it
self: Will socialization be brought about
by main force? Are the present owners
to be indemnified?
The cost of Indemnification In the
United States alone would be at least
rt,000.000,000. No government on earth
could give value to bonds representing a
170,000,000,000 debt, nor could It keep up
the Interest payment, meet other public
expenditures, and maintain its credit.
The Idea of buying up the property of
the country haa been dismissed as ab
surd by representative Socialists.
Convocation Mlaht Do.
Conflscatlon,- or theft, then. Is the only
means by which the Socialists can ob
tain this property, and It Is the means
openly advocated by the leading Social
ists of the United States.
The opponents of Socialism hold that
the confiscating of property from private
persons and transferring It to the com
munity would be emphatically unjust,
because it would rob the lawful posses
sor, bring the State Into a sphere that
Is not Its owri. and cause complete con
fusion In the community. Let us take a
couple of examples.
"A" has made or saved some money by
farming, lie. has fairly earned it and It
Is his to spend. Instcsd of spending It
en himself he sees an opportunity to es
tablish an agricultural Industry near m
poverty-stricken town. He puts his
money Into that, builds his factory, takes
the people who are out of work and on
the street Into his factory, teaches them
to work, and pays good wages. His busi
ness helps all and Increases employment.
Everybody Is benefited the workers, the
business men, tho professional class, the
"li" has bought an Important machine
Into practical working and msde a for
tune by selling it to other people, nbo
are glad to buy It. But he has further
Ideas and is seised with a desire to
utilize the waste product which exists
in great quantities, but Is no use to any
one. He expends his whole fortune In
pursuing this aim, and eventually suc
ceeds. He thereby gives employment to
5,000 people and enriches the world by
turning rubbish Into a valuable thing.
Neither of these two men could have
done without capital, and no government
would have taken the risks of doing it
for at least fifty years, probably never.
In robbing men of the tools of produc
tion and of private property Socialists
would deprive the world of the benefits
resulting from such examples as I have
Socialists tell us that all the means
MARK SULLIVAN CITES
ONE REASON FOR UNREST
In Collier's Weekly Brilliant Writer Raps Israay,
Imrie & Co., of the White Star Line, for
Attitude to Mother of Titantic Victim.
Everybody agrees that there Is some
thing In the atmosphere, something un
like anything else since the civil war,
says Mark Sullivan In Collier's Weekly.
It Is largely spiritual, frankly emotional:
It expresses Itself In political conven
tions which sing "Onward, Christian
Soldier" and tho "Battle Hymn of the
Republic;" conventions which, as one old
veteran said, look like a cross between
a prayer meeting and a civil war re
This spirit is for the most part inde
finable, but light can be thrown on Its
causes. To do so is the purpose of this
page. When the Titanic went down one
of those drowned was Robert Zj. Bar
ker, a Middlesex young man who had
spent fourteen years In the White Star
Company's service. In due course Bar
ker's widowed mother applied to his
employers for her compensation, 250
(8,500). under the British workmen's
compensation act. The employers re
plied that she was not entitled to any
compensation because her son had been
receiving over 250 (11.30) a year. (The
British law doesn't give compensation to
the family ot an employe who earns
over H.S0 a year presumably on the
theory that out of such a salary the
deceased ought to have saved up an
Independent estate But let's not sneer
at the British law; we shall see soon
that it is 'better than our own law by
exactly as much as something Is better
Barker's mother wrote hack In some
Indignation. Her son had not got H.230
a year; his pay was $75 a month while
on sea and half pay while In port,
amounting to between ISOO and $850 a
year. "But," said the company how
ever, let us not paraphrase or condense
their, letter. We might do them injus
tice. Let us quote their 'exact words:
The purser is privileged to
take his meals In the first-class saloon,
a fair cost for which we have estimated
at 5 -shillings (J0J5) a' day
And by this adroit calculation the com
pany "figured that Barker's pay was just
above ,-tha tesal limit.
Readlthls extract from the further cor
resoonaence between .the lawyers far a
widowed soother and the managers of the
-Watte Rear lisewsn. ismay. inula
On. vjtOfc. yes, ytm bats suissed risnt;
of production and cHstrtbtitioB should be
in the hands ot toe "State." What la
the "Stater Everybody. The people
around ua who now make and sell us
the things we use would be ofocers of
the Socialistic "State." Bat there -would
be a big difference In the war of doing
Suppose that now a Mr. acntta is your
nearest baker.. If he does not supply
you with good bread you can go to a
Mr. Brown In the same place. It be
does, not please you perhaps a Mr. Jones
further off may send a wagon around to
pick up more custom by supplying better
bread. If none of these bakers satisfy
their customers It is possible that a Mr.
Robinson may set up a bakery in the
same neighborhood, for the natural law
Is that a want brings a supply. And all
of these bakers know that If jhey do not
sell bread that la good at a fair price
they will lose their custom and their
means of living. It la to their Interest
to serve their customers as well as they
Sucrose, however, a Socialist State had
charge. There would be only one big
bakery in each neighborhood. It Is not
likely that rival ones would' be allowed
to exist, for that would diminish the
State profits. Mr. Smith might obtain
the situation as 8tate baker, and Messrs.
Brown, Jones, and Robinson would
have to take situations under him as as
sistants or go elsewhere. Mr. Smith
would know thst If you did not like the
bread he sent out you could not get any
other. You could only make complaints
to some other government official, who
might not trouble himself to attend to
you. Then you would have no remedy
but to wait till the next election came
on, when there would probably be many
other matters to be voted upon ot more
Importance than the quality of your
bread. You might starve In the mean
time on your unpalatable bread. Social
ism, in plain words, would be nothing
less than State tyranny.
At present a working man Is free to
choose his employment and his employer.
If he has a complaint to make against
his employer, his foreman, or his man
ager, he can get It put right either by
going to his employer direct, or through
his trade union. Under Socialism the
wctrklngman would not be able to choose
either his employment or his employer.
There would be only one employer the
State and there would be no trade unions
before which to place grievances.
The working man could not even
seek a remedy through" the press, be
cause there would be no Independent
newspapers, but only the organs ot the
government. During the.Parls Social
ist Communeln 1871, only the official
Journals were allowed to appear. The
whole of yie Independent newspapers
were at once suppressed.
Socialism Is eminently unjust be
cause in return for the sacrifice of the
right of private" ownership It makes
promises which It Is not sure It can
fulfill. It cannot convincingly explain
many practical difficulties connected
with Its sdoption. which would make
the proposed cure worse than the dis
ease. The Socialist Is a veritable quack. He
cannot demonstrate, before applying It,
that his remedy Is free from death
dealing poison. He believes that It Is.
But he cannot prove Its curative pow
ers until he has experimented until he
has tried it on the whole nation. If you
please, as though we were dogs. Shall
we permit ourselves to be stretched on
the laboratory table like brute animals
for this social vivisection?
There is no place for an unjust doc
trine like Socialism In America, and no
excuse for It. A legitimate, legal rem
edy Is In the hands of everybody of
men In this country for any and all
questions, and that nlone In the long
run will be found efficacious. Vtalence
and Injustice always bring reaction.
Socialism Is arrayed against all law.
natural, human, and divine. It out
rages every right by a false assertion
of Its own. plunders In the name of
liberty, and would steal In the name
of Justice. Its end. If It could succeed,
would be the chaos of a universal right.
It was the same Ismay who filled most
of the newspapers after the Titanic went
down last April. But read:)
" If Mrs. Barker's case Is in any
sense a necessitous one, we feel sure It
would receive sympathetic consideration
on the part of any one ot the committees
which have been organised for the dis
tribution of the very large relief funds
that have been raised throughout the
Get out and hustle for alms; we don't
owe you anything. But save a little of
your Indignation for a moment. Ismay.
Imrie & Co. are capable of depths a little
more Incredible yet. They wrote that
Barker "had at the time of death 500
(12,500) on loan from the company." The
company took unctuous credit to itself
for having "no Intention to claim for
this on his estate." But yet. of course.
If the widow continued to be obstreper
ous, they might. This 500 was merely a
fund Intrusted to 'each purser for the
convenience of changing money on
board, and, of course, with its custodian,
went down with the ship.
Some details might be added to make
this case even more harrowing than the
words of Ismay, Imrie 4 Co. have done.
It might be pointed out that the White
Star Company paid a dividend of 60 per
cent last year; that while apparently
English, It Is really an American case,'
for the White Star is owned entirely by
the International Mercantile Marine, the
ownership of 'which rests with a fa
mous American banking firm whose part
ners will actually get for their own
pockets the very dollars which their ca
pable agents saved from the clutches of
Mrs. Barker. But the moral Indignation
which- vitalizes the Progressive party Is
not directed against any man or any
corporation, but against the system, a
system as Inefficient and wasteful as It
is brutal, -the system which keeps an
army of men lawyers,- clerks, stenogra
phers, to say nothing of judges and
court officers at work day after day
fending off 'widows and orphans from
the money which every human being
knows they ought' to have. If the money
which the corporations spend on their
own lawyers were 'added to the money
the public pays fori judges and courts
(to say nothing of orphanages), the sum
would give' adequate compensation to
every lfljtjrsa'wnrkman' aad 'orphaned
VasaaV 2iJa y-3cVV J
EDITH ST. CLAIR.
New York. Oct. 12. Miss Edith St.
Clair, the pretty .danseuse, who used to
shine In Klaw & Erlangers comic
operas, has brought suit In the 8upreme
Court to enforce a contract for 125,000
against her old employers. Her suit is
unusual, because It Involves the reputa
tion of one of her old employers, as well
as that of hr present attorney. Max D.'
Steuer. Abraham L. Erlanger has set
up the defense that Steuer "blackmail
ed" him Into signing the contract by
declaring that Miss St. Clair might tell
certain unpleasant things concerning Mr.
Erlangers private life.
ESPERANTO TAUGHT FREE.
Clanes Five Xlghts and Two Aft
ernoons Each Week.
Under the auspices of the Internacla
KluDO. at the Esperanto headquarters In
the Maryland Building. H Street North
west, near Fourteenth, free Instruction
In Esperanto will begin Immediately, la
classes to be organized for every night
each week except Saturday and Sunday,
also probably two afternoon classes. All
who are interested please see Dr. E. C
Reed, at Esperanto headquarters for fur
ther partjculars and enrollment.
HERALD CONTEST BOOMS
PURCHASING OF FLOWERS
One Young Man Tells The Advocate How Wash
ington Beaux Are Becoming More Attentive.
"Washington Ibeaux are becoming more
attentive to the members of the fair sex
as a direct result of The Washington
Herald's tHOOO contest."
This surprising statement was made
yesterday afternoon by The Advocate.
the dapper little gentleman in charge of
the competition. He then proceeded to
prove the assertion. He said that he Is
acquainted with a pretty young girl
whose beau Is a contestant In the unpar
"I lust can't understand It!" said the
fair one to The Advocate several days
ago when he called at her house to see
her father. "Perclval. my young gentle
man friend, has become so assiduous
that I am getting frightened. I do fear
that he is losing his mind. Up until a
month ago he never brought me flowers
when he called. Xow I get them every
week and sometimes twice a week. For
merly he never thought of sending flow
ers wheni we were going to dances or
theater parties. Now he never falls.
This was a great mystery to me at
first, but at last I hae soled It. Upon
reflection I recall that Perclvafs In
creased attentions commenced early in
September soon after he Informed me
that he hod entered the competition. I
also remember that upon looking oer
his list of merchants sdvertlslng in con
nection with the contest I came to
florists. I grew bold and thought that
I would give Percy a little hint. 'Percy.
dear," I said. 'If you ever buy me any
flowers you want to get them at tne
establishment of a florist advertising in
"Percy turned a sickly color, but made
no reply. We had an engagement to gb
to a 'dance the next night. About 6
o'clock In the eening there was a ring
at, the bell, nnd answering It, I found
on the porch a colored man with a big
box in his arms. The tag on the box
EVIDENCE OF NEW BUSINESS
DRAWN BY HERALD CONTEST
A TASTEFUL WINDOW DISPLAY.
The Herald $25,090 contest Is drawing
new business to Washington. Largely
owing to the wide Interest that' the con
test has attracted, many new and valu
able products are being Introduced In
ths city. Hoffsf Lemon 8eidlits, claim
ed to be a refreshing, pleasant, and ef
fective remedy, is one of the latest ot
these sco4ucU to be Introduced.
. 'TamtiJg CareMEyes)
" ' jrCTr- -y i"5 -"
Organization of Physictans-ih '.District. Suggests
r Ways for Public Jo Follow in Order to
Retain Godd Eyesight '' '
The following' Is contributed by the
Medical Society of the District ot Co
lumbia, and prepared by a member:
There Is a grave misunderstanding ot
many of the slmplo- truths regarding the
public health, fostered by the press and
many Tendon of drugs, foods and appli
ances, Tbe.only solution of the problem
Is the public presentation of the real
facts, that the people' with their unfail
ing Intelligence may , do that which la
Regarding the care of the eyes, from the
broader standpoint this means first the
children's eyes. For the betterment of
the human race It Is essential that the
children, who will In a few years be In
charge of the nation, be given the best
possible training and care. The health,
the education, and the resultant earning
capacity and value as citizens, of the
children. Is jeopardized in many Instances
by the Inattention of parents and teach
ers to obvious facts.
Do you know that from one-fourth to
one-third of the blind owe their condi
tion to the neglect of physician or mid
wife to Instil one drop of medicine in
each eye of the child at its birth. A sim
ple precaution, but with what frightful
results Is Its neglect fraught! How appli
cable Is the dictum "The best Is none too
good" to the treatment necessary during
a mother's confinement, that time when
lack of attention to details may cause un
told future misery to herself or to her
child. MJdwlves, though licensed by the
authorities, as they are In the District
Lof Columbia, are at best but Ignorant per
sons., having little or no knowledge of
the simplest medical truths. They are
unprepared to handle emergencies, and
the children pay the penalty.
A systematic study of the defective
school children in New York city proved
that a very large percentage of them
owed their backwardness In study to the
need of glasses. Many children called
"stupid" do not see well, and can be
cured onat least greatly helped by atten
tion to tnelr eyes.
If the act of reading is an undue effort
to the child. It w-tll manifest ItJelf by
some one of the usual symptoms, which
are easily seen. Th-re Is often a crust
ing of the lids along the line of the
lashes; a twitching of the eyes; partly
closins: the lids to helD the sleht: frown
ing; reddened eyes; holding the book too
near: the flow of tears when reading. A
child may complain of a blur, or of weari
ness or heaviness, after reading a few
minutes; or of ee orhead aches which
are apt to be Increased by studying.
The presence of any of these signs
was "Gude Brothers,' .and I knew at
once what It meant. Slaee then the
flowers hae come often.
Competition Brlnatna- Results.
"The next time I saw Percy I told him
that I was delighted with the flowers,
but hoped that he did not feel hurt oer
my boldness In hinting to him so plainly.
He said that he was obliged to me for
the suggestion. 'I had ncer thought of
floweiy up to that time.' he said. 'It
hail w-stidH ml- mtnil A mnn n vmi
hinted of them to me. I felt that I had
been neglectful, and have tried to make ,
amends. I am delighted with Gude a
establishment, and shall continue to deal
The Advocate tefls of' these stones
with great delight. They emphasize the
suits. "'contestams are bemg nircSucVd '
to reliable merchants and manufactur-
ers: trade is being built up: and. lnci-1
dentally, those entered In the competi-
tion are securing votes.
Many of the contestants chat with The
Advocate when they call at The Herald
tuslnes, omce to deposit votes or me-
dlums of exchange. He Is always glad
to talk with competitors concerning the
fact that the competition is bringing re-
contest, and to give adlce to those ., wn". -... u-c . "...
who desire It. He Is at the office from JL?Z.e.lLSl 'L" ""
S o'clock In the morning until S o'clock c ,lf over and hatten to ?"" P'I
at night. His office is never closed, i "5"; . . v
When he Is not there, an assistant Is al
ways in charge. If a contestant should
call at 3:30 o'clock in the morning he
would be waited upon.
The Advocate Is spending a total of
$2000 on the awards to be given win
ners In the competition. There will be
S3 'articles. A complete list of these
will soon be announced. Among the
principal awards will be a $5,000 house
and lot. four $1,150 touring cars, four
$750 Baby Grand pianos, four 56T3 player
pianos, and four $400 upright pianos.
HofTs 'Lemon Seldlltz is the oid-fash-ioned
Seldlltz with a tasteful flavor of
lemon added. A special window display
of this article, drawn by' The Herald's -
enterprise to Washington. Is shown
above. Five-cent packages of HofTs
Lemon Seldlltz arcv good for five votes
In The Herald contest; ten-cent box tops
are good for ten votes and twenty-five-cent
box tops for twenty-five vetes.
should draw attention to the eyes. Sot
far-reaching are the effects of eye strauri
upon the health that- migraine, general'
nervousness, St. Vitus' dance, nausea,
and other gastric disturbances are often
caused by' It. A child who has never
seen properly,- or who has certain eye
or head aches, has no means of knowing)
what or how he ought to see. He does,
not realize, that other children have bet-j
ter vision" or more comfortable sight:'
hence he may- not call the attention of. 1 1
his. parents to his need. 41
- in this particular the magnificent work:
of the school phys'clans In the District!
in examining the eyes of every scholarj
Is a most notable advance la the dlrec-l
tion of the child's welfare. ,
The difference between an oculist and!
an optician should be emphasized. The
oculist is a graduate physician, and la
addition is especially skilled In the treat
ment of the eyes. The optician makes
and sells spectacles; in the majority of
Instances he also advertises to examine
eyes. So delicate Is the eye. so lmpor-f
tant Is the correct performance of Its!
functions, and so far-reaching are the)
results of Its mistreatment that n
should be In the hands only of those!
best capable of the work. I
A very common and much neglected.
condition is "crossed eyes" or stxabU-j
mus. While In many Instances this)
trouble is attributed to a fall, yet sew
dom Is such accident more than a coin
cidence. The real cause Is an error!
which. In the majority of cases, can be?
corrected by glasses. There are cases
In which the eyes are perfectly straight!
most of the time, and turn only wheni
the patient Is tired or studying intently.;
These are easiest to cure. As a general
proposition, "crossed eyes" can be cured,
by glasses If the child be treated before
the age of six or seven: after that agar
glasses may cure, but an operation la
Manifestly the eye that turn Is not:
used, and from disuse eight gradually
disappears. It Is therefore most urgenb
that prompt attention be given to all.
cases of strabismus. Many an eye with
a grave optical error. If treated 'early,
and glasses prescribed, will preserve or
develop excellent vision, which would be)
lost irretrievably by a few years delay.'
The popu.ar belief that "croeiei eyes"'
will straighten themselves Is wrong- and.'
Rules lor Conditions.
Do not think that absence of ocular1,
pain Indicates absence of disease or
other trouble. If the sight be blurred,
if spots be seen dancing before the eyes.)
the cau5 may be eye Strain, or-lt may
be the most serious disease.
The wearing of glasses is for A two-,
fold purpose; to correct vision wheni
necessary, and to relieve the symptoms)
of strain, such as headache, nausea, and!
crusting of the lids, when these symp
toms are present. Though an eye seest
perfectly, this acute vision may be ac
complished by an unconscious straiak
which may be of such a degree as fo
produce headaches Therefore, if net
has headaches. If one has nausea, do not'
think that because the vision Is perfect
the ees need no attention.
V.'e hesitate, of course, to put glasses
upon a child, and prescribe them only
when it cannot be avoided. But once
they are ordered, they should, be 'worn,
in spite of prejudice on the part -of par-
ents or child.
A few simple facts for every-day use:
Io not rub the eyes hard when they
smart or burn: rather bathe them in
cold water. This will drive away tho
congestion and rellec the symptoms. I
Many severe infections of the eyes can
be accounted for by the carrjlng of In
fective material from street car straps
Dr. i railings, into the eyes by rubblng.i
ltacroma. that dread eye dlease the
I"""" of which in an Immigrant's eyes,
cluds blm from the I nited States, Is
I to carried
When sand or dirt gets Into the eyes.
do not try to rub it out Eyes hve
' been lost from infection following ulcer
ations caused by rubbine pit against
the eyeball K-nher keep the eyes closed.
handkerchief held against them,
"'" !mf, "n ,n,,"!,h ou,t, the f0"'sn
"'"!" With borlc acld """" or tepid
, ... ..
,In f3se, of '"J""' ,to " e-- ?s " flrt-
r''" ,'rca'e" ' ,U s J?" ba,h.e th?
'" coid,, waJr u",n ,'k" ed trea5a?t
, had- ' th "'n ot, he
f-ra"CbIacHk ef' ,ba,?lnS lS, best:
'"'. "nl" '"Vl " . U3'2" ,nJUry
a-fv iivi urc. ..U4V"? 11 tCI VI ULUCfa
than those for whom they are ordered.
This Is a very common practice, and
mot reprehensible often dangerous.
MAY SAVE SUBMARINE.
Cnat Ofllclals Wire Xavr Depart
ntrnt Details of Accident.
AdWces to the Navy Department yester
day Indicated that the submarine F-L
which broke from her moorings at Port
Watsonvllle, Cat. Friday night, will bo
recovered practically undamaged.
The bodies of the two enlisted men.
who lost their lives In the aocldent have
not been recovered. The men "were:
Gustavo August Schroeder. gunner'a
mate: Gustavo Schroeder, father, lives at
2S3 Brady Street, Milwaukee. Wis. He
had been In the service eleven years.
James Turbett. gunner's mate: next of
kin. John Turbett. 141 Congress Street,!
Newark. X. J.
KILLED WHILE BOARDING TBATS
George Clatter-beck Fall TJnden
Wheels of Moving; Cars. '
Srroil to The mUsgton BariM.
Culpeper, Va Oct. C George Clatter-i
buck was killed Instantly to-day by a'
southbound passenger train at Brandy
Station; In this county. He tried to
board the train while it was In motion,
and. missing the first step of the plat
form, was thrown beneath the wheels.1
his body being cut in two and fearfully ,
He was sixty-eight years old. ana was yi
aisiuy caiiKiucu iit uib wmuiumw. .
One Killed In Troller Crash.
Norriatown. Pa., Oct. li One man was.
killed, two probably will die. and twenty
were injured shortly after 8 o'clock this
morning in a head-on collision between,
two trolley cars on the Chestnut Hill di
vision of the Reading Transit Company,,
at Plymouth Park, near this city. Thai
dead man is William Carson, raotorman.'
The cars were going at a terrifto rate of.
speed In an effort, it is alleged. to-maW
Two Found Dead la Bed. i
Somerset. Pa.. Oct. 12. Edward Tucker.!
aged thirty-five, formerly a telegraph op-'
erator In the United States Navy, and bis
wife, Eva. aged twenty-six. were found
dead with their throats cut. In their j I
home In Garrett, early to-day. as the re-; I
suit. It Is believed, of a suicide pact. Itl
Is thought that he cut his wife's throat!
and then ended his own" life. Thar was!
no evidence of a struggl at Ua rasas, i
.. - .&
.. i .C i.j
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