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1 ,E WASHINGTON ?HERAI33i MONDAY.": OCTOBER 1M112. . - S
THE WASHINGTON HERAID
1 1 the Year t
IK WAJJHNCTO BBUOD OOWANT
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at Vrawatsttea, IX CL. as
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MONDAY. OCTOBER 14. 1SU.
The Very latest Trait
The charge was made by Gov. John
son, the Bull Moose candidate for Vice
President, in his speech at Philadelphia,
that Col. Roosevelt has been made the
object of unparalleled vituperation. In
one of his speeches up the State the
Governor is quoted as saying:
We have, in this land of trusts, a
new trust, the trust which has in it
Democrats, Socialists, and Republicans.
It is the trust of abuses of Theodore
It is undeniable that the opponents of
Colonel Roosevelt are not handling him
with kid gloves. But why should .hey?
Out of his own boundless vocabulary
of objurgation he has taught them
many new tricks of phrase and innuen
do, and perhaps they are only paying
him that tribute of admiration which
imitation is said to be. No man in the
public life of America eer has in
dulged in such iolcnce of denuncia
tion of his opponents as Mr. Roosevelt.
He has no right to complain if they
rtp'y in kind.
Besides of all men such an objection
comes with the least grace from Gov.
Johnson. He it was who stirred tne
indignation of all fair-minded men j
referring to President Taft as "the most
pitiful spectacle in the political his
tory of the United States." Maliciou-
untruthfulness could not go farther
Let the colonel and the Governor lock
to their own glass houses before ll'tj
throw stones at their adversaries.
The Balkans and The Hague.
It is not agreeable to have Christian
powers taken to task by a Moham
medan nation for failure to observe
their plighted faith. Turkey, twice with
in a little more than a year, has had
to complain of violation of The Hague
agreement. Thirteen months ago it
denounced Italy to the world for break
ing the promise which it signed at The
Hague norto declare war without first
seeking the friendly offices of a third
power. Italy did, indeed, jump out of
the dark at Turkey, but its declaration
of war accompanied the blow. Mon
tenegro has acted in the same way, for
that little kingdom alo was a signatory
to The Hague covenant. We may ex
pect other violations in the near fu
ture unless a concert of the powers
is reached for the purpose of remind
ing those who signed the peace stipu
lations at The Hague that signatures
Apart from the circumstances that
between Ottoman and Montenegrin
trouble always is brewing, the military
movements of the preceding few days
had given the Turkish government a
pretty strong hint of what was coming.
Of what is still coming events give as
yet no indications that can be considered
trustworthy. The possibilities of a
great war in Southeastern Europe are
balanced by the possibilities that the
great powers will yet fihd means o'f
"localizing" the struggle.
These animosities in reality have been
smoldering ever since the Congress of
Berlin, between Bismarck, Disraeli, and
Gortschakoff. By that congress Mon
tenegro, Servia, and Roumania were
brought into separate existence and
Bulgaria's borders fixed on the map.
But in the secret treaty, which the
Porte concluded with England before
that congress, the seeds of'further wars
were sown. England got the island of
Cyprus for guaranteeing Turkey's ter
ritorial integrity in the Slavic regions,
whence Russia otherwise might have
driven out Mahometan dominion. The
reforms which the Porte then agreed to
introduce in the debatable lands never
have been undertaken during the thirty
four years since a trouble-making treaty
left the infidel Turks suzerains over
Greeks and Slavic Christians.
We believe that the Sublime Porte
has made a point at the expense of
Montenegro, and inferentially of the
other Balkan states and even of the
great powers, in its complaint The
final act of the second international
peace conference at The Hague, which
was signed on October 18, 1907, pro
vides as follows:
In case o'f serious disagreement or
conflict, before appeal to arms, the con
tracting powers agree to have recourse,
as far as circumstances allow, to the
good offices of one or more friendly
powers. The contracting powers
agree that hostilities between them "shall
not begin without" previous unequivo
cal notice, which shall either be in the
form of a declaration of war with tea-
sobs therefore or of an ultiaearBai with
a conditional declaration of war.
Montenegro has made no serious ef
fort to obtain the good ofices of any
friendly power for the composing of
her differences with Turkey.. It acted
just as nations were accustomed to act
before The Hague conferences. Her
neighbors and (he powers do not seem
to regard that step with indignation.
Yet among the signatories were Mon
tenegro, Servia, Greece, Bulgaria, Rou-
mahia, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Great
Britain, France, Italy, Germany, and
Turkey. , - ' ,
The Journal des Debates, of Pans,
warns France against weakening her
military strength at home by sending
troops to Morocco and other colonies.
The war, it argues, will engulf the en
tire Balkan peninsula, because it was
decided upon not only by the Balkan
states, but also "by several great pow
ers." Whether the Balkan states win or
lose, the situation is perilous for Eu
rope. If they win, nothing can stop
the allies from seizing the territorial
spoils of war; if they lose, Russia
never could abandon her Slav brothers
of the South. In any case the peace of
Europe is endangered.
When a block of buildings is afire
firemen from everywhere in the vicinity
seek to prevent the flames from spread
ing by flooding the walls with water,
yet their effort often are ineffectual.
It is a question if Europe will be able
to "flood Turkey sufficiently" to keep
the fire from becoming general !
A Hovel Fire Problem.
According to the Chicago Tribune, a
girl in that city went in search of work.
The manager of an establishment man
ufacturing ladies' gowns offered her $8
a week. The shop was on the fifth
floor of a modern loft building. The
girl looked out of the window into
the street below, and declined the offer.
She went to work in a dingy shop
sewing overalls for $6 a week. The
overall shop was located on the first
floor. In declining the better job pay
ing ?S a week the girl was influenced
by what he had read about a fire in
a shirtwaist factory in New York,
where 147 girls, fleeing the flames,
jumped from the ninth floor to their
death in the street below. She would
work for $6 and be nearer the earth
Thus new fire problems hae arisen.
Not property, but the lives of men and
women are the primary considerations.
Industry is concentrating in height.
Loft buildings are going up and fac
tories and shops are filling these loft
But jou cannot conveniently locate
lumber and iron works higher up in
the air. It is different, however, with
articles of wear. They can be man
ufactured there. They can be hauled
up and down with ease.
Fire in one o'f these shops in the
tipper stories of a loft building means
certain death from panic, if not from
flames, unless the greatest precautions
for fire prevention are taken.
Lord Roberts of Kandahar.
Lord Roberts of Kandahar, Great
Britain's veteran field marshal, the
other day completed his eightieth year
in the best of health. There is not
another octogenarian living more alert
in body and mind. Lord Roberts'
career for variety of achievements is
not surpassed by that of any living sol
dier. Supreme gifts of generalship,
great personal courage, elevation of
soul, a strength of character which en
abled him to meet the bufferings as well
as the smiles of fate with equanimity
these are the qualities that shine forth
in the record of this devoted and heroic
It was a cruel blow that bereft Lord
Roberts of his only son, the gallant
youth who died at Colenso, but the
anguish that wrung the father's heart
did not prevent him from hastening to
the field of battle. For his grief he
found the best solace in his country's
service. We may not agree with his
opinions, we may think that for an
island country ltke Great Britain it is
a supreme navy that matters, not a con-
scribed army; but it is impossible not
to admire the energy and the high pub
lic spirit which the veteran field mar
shal exhibits in his sustained attack on
our insular complacency.
If the School of Journalism founded
by the lat Joseph Pulitzer does nothing
but Indicate an excellent course of inde
pendent reading; for ambitious young
men It Is doing a great work.
It Is terrible to be batted off the front
page for an entire week! "
Apparently Boss Fllnn has come to the
conclusion that the Republican party Is
not going to die after all.
Tough on a Presidential candidate to
have to Invent a name almost every day
for some new variety of liars.
La Follette Insists -that T. R. used him
as a catspaw to rake the Progressive
chestnuts out of the Ore. No such thing!
The Senator's pompadour Is not even
Gov. Hiram, the Progressive, Is shocked
how parties In the Keystone State steal
one another's nominations. What's tha
matter with California?
Just for argument's sake: Suppose that
Charles P. Taft had given those $800,000
to Roosevelt's pre-conventlon campaign?
"Progressive" California denies Mr.
Taft the right to have electors on the
ballot which Is a funny sort of progres
slveness. North Dakota has harvested 1SO.000.000
bushels of spring wheat or more than
the entire Canadian Northwest And yet
American farmers -emigrate to Canada!
One person has been vindicated by
these campaign fund disclosures, Judge
A LITTLE NONSENSE;
pace one, of course. Is Just pace one;
That fact la very plain.
Pate .two, you see.
Is numbered three.
Which greatly jars your brain.
Pace three, you find,, Is really four:
Pace four Is six, that's -flat
What of pace Ave?
Why, aakea alive 1
Tou never do find that
What DldHw MeaatY
"Now look here. Maria." said'' Mr,
Wombat, "if you don't stop playing
bridge all the tune. I'll take a band."
"What's this space marked off for?"
demanded the architect.
'A laboratory." said tne aruggiat.
What do you want with a laboratory 7
A modern druggist sells everything but
"Well, Tve got to have some place to
mix my fountain sirups; haven't I."
October 14 tat History.
October 14. ISM. King William' formally
opens the Bank of England.
October 14. USD. Peter the Great for
mally Opens a Jackpot
"He struck a new note In Journalism."
"As to how?"
"Had the world's baseball series writ
ten up by a professor of economics and
a. dialect poet"
The lawyer gazed upon the maid
Quite plain of face.
Then said: "I'm very much afraid
You have no case."
A locomotive built In 1M7 is still doing
A roller towel constructed In 1S3S Is
also rendering excellent service on the
"Why does that doctor look at you so
"He knows my appendix has never
"I suppose nearly everybody
something cheaper than
-No." said the girl at the counter, "oc
casionally somebody wants something
"And the trouble Is that you can never
size 'em up In time to write a new price
The Iay We Celebrate.
From the New York World.
Christopher Columbus, the fsmous sea
faring person who Mood up an egg on its
tip. arrived In toan Just 43) years ago
this morning on board the Santa Maria,
a vessel that was notoriously lacking In
proper life-saving equipment.
Mr. Columbus was met at the pier by
ship news reporters, who sought to in
terview him on his trip, politics, the
tariff, the Rosenthal case, and what he
thought of the United States. He merely
smiled and remarked:
"I have nothing to say."
The fact of Mr. Columbus' arrival was
recalled a few years ago by "Big Tim'
Sullivan, who had a bill passed In the
Legislature crediting the sailor with the
discovery of this part of the world, so
that Theodore Roosevelt couldn't claim
It and also had It fixed that this day
should be a holiday.
PEBTINENT AND IMPERTINENT.
Frran the New Yvk World.
The Montenegrins were about the only
people who didn't have to borrow money
before beginning to fight
Frran the Philadelphia Rreord.
Yes, James Whltcomb Riley's age Is
secret All he Is wining to tell about it
is that he was born November 7. 1S33.
Fmn the Philadelphia Pres.
Turkey has no money and little credit
and the Balkan states nave little money
and no credit. War without the sinews
Fran the Indlanaprlji Neva.
Beveridge says that the election of Ral
ston means the election of Taggart to
the United States Senate. Well. Indiana
stood twelve years of Beverldgc.
Frrtn the New Tor MilL
If Prof. MacAlarney, of the School of
Journalism, wants to be Columbia's most
popular teacher, he will assign his entire
class to cover the world's series.
From the Cbicafa Reeord-HenM.
Hllles says there Is to be a landslide in
favor of Taft Manager McAdoo makes
the announcement that there will be a
landslide In favor of Wilson, and the
Bull Moose managers are confident that
there will be a landslide in favor of the
colonel. Why are the Debs and Chafln
managers so modest?
From the New York Tribune.
Lovely names, these, with which the
war news bristles: Tarakasch, and
Podgoritza, and Detchltch, and Schlp-
clnck, with, very likely, Tzernolleva and
Brzeshda and Knlazhevatz waiting in
the background. But, then, as Sherman
well said, was is hell!
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
It Is only actresses with four divorces
to their credit who can depict the fierce,
undying stlck-to-you-to-the-end brand of
love presented on the stage.
From the MUwanxee Journal.
And the prosperity Is almost over
whelming the manufacturers and rail
road men now. But It will disappear like
snow In a July sun if somebody gets up
to cut a freight rate or to start a little
From the Charleston Newa.
He who laughs at a petticoat may live
to buy many of them.
From the Philadelphia Record.
Political bettors want a sure thing. "
From the Philadelphia Bulletin.
The fact that pickpockets have done a
prosperous business this year cannot be
catalogued among the general exhibits
of good times.
From the Bochesler Herald.
In the course of time, no doubt a let'
ter will turn up from the Only Honest
Man ordering the return of whatever
contributions the Harvester Trust may
make to the Bull Moose campaign.
From the New Tork Ereniaf Post
The man who climbed aboard the pri
vate car of Gov. Wilson In Denver to
curse him, and the man who also climb
ed aboard the same car In Kansas to
quote Scripture, prove the contention
that all classes are for the Democratic
ticket this fall.
From the St. rani Dispatch.
The American Wertz Family Associa
tion is preparing to sue to recover a
tU5,C00.0St estate of a man who died in
Germany a couple of hundred years ago.
Another attorney must want a trip to
nasi the New Tors PIS' j
A woman can make her hair url when
Jaa hasn't aw."
GOSSIP GATHERED IN '"
With respect to 'the gross amount In
hard cash that changes hands In the
course of. a year's racing In England as
the result of wagers mad 'upon raea
horses there Is no reliable means of as
certaining, sidelights, however, ara not
Infrequently thrown upon tha subject
for example, when a suggestion" was put
forward to the- effect that bookmakers
should be licensed. A million sterling was
estimated to result therefrom, while a
vary remarkable Indication of the preva-.
lenee'of betting was elicited at the time
of the expulsion of the English book
makers from Holland last year.
When appealing agslnst the decree. It
was pointed out to the Dutch government
that It annually benefited to the extent of
25,000 from the sale of postage stamps
to the colony of bookmakers at Middel-
burg. 8,000 from postage, and 5.000 In'
telegrams from the Flushing bookmakers,
who employed ISO clerks and contributed
1,000 a year In taxation and and 1.20
from the receipts garnered at the Goes
post-office. When one small branch of
the great betting fraternity, and that one
earning on operations at great disad
vantage overseas, spends a sura ou post
age alone equivalent to the dlspatcn of
3JSO.0O0 letters at 2H pence apiece. It
will be recognised that the business !s a
very extensive one. and that a rich tev-
enue-produclng mine of wealth lies to. the
hand of. an enterprising chancellor of the
exchequer who will take to himself the
regulation and taxation of betting trans
actions. That the British sporting fraternity in
cludes a large proportion of the most
liberal and open-handed contributors to
charity Ik a well-ascertained fact, and
one has not the slightest hesitation in
saying that a vast amount of good Is
done In a quiet unostentatious manner
by the turfmen. Still. It cannot be gain
said. In the event of a levy of S per
cent being placed upon all betting
transactions, that the benefits derived
from an organized system of taxation
would be even more satisfactory than
the present haphazard system now in
The chief obstacle to the establishment of
the "parl-mutuel" at English race-courses
Is understood to arise from the vigorous
opposition of the bookmaklng fraterni
ty, from trhlrh It may be inferred that
the wagering public would not be the
loser, even in the event of the authori
ties ear-marking two-twenty-flfths of the
totalizer s takings. These would amount
to a good round sum. as can be gathered
from the fact that the French govern
ment In 1911, realized something like 30.
000.000 francs as the result of transac
tions at the "parl-mutuel" offices, aggre
gating close upon 37S.0O0.000 franca
If the 40.000.000 Inhabitants of France
Indulge Jn wagers aggregating 3T5.O0O.0OO
francs per annum, it stands to reason
that the population of the United King
dom, a nation with less tendency to
save and far more Inclined to speculate
on horse races, would furnish the Chan
cellor of the Exchequer with at least
1.30.000 pounds as his percentage of the
17,000,000 pounds that would represent the
minimum receipts of the "totalizer.
The '"pari-mutuel" system was calcu
lated some little time ago to furnish the
government of New Zealand, where It
has been flourishing for some years, with
the equivalent of a tax of 2 shillings 4
pence per Inhabitant, a proportion that
If applied to the mother country, would
represent upward of 5,000,000 per annum
to the exchequer, and, of course, a "to
tsllzer" aggregate of upward of 60,000.-
This amount, on the face of It. appears
to be ridiculously high, but when the
fact Is taken Into consideration that In
1911 the totallzater's Investments at Ade
laide, with a population of under SOO.COn.
aggregated 532.000 (as compared with
JEtM.STS the previous 3 ear), or not very
much under 3 per head, it will be real
ized that It Is quite within the hounds
of possibility that the betting transac
tions of the United Kingdom are far In
excess of the sum 17,000.000 referred to
In the first Instance.
That betting is increasing by leaps and
bounds In this age of get-rich-quick
methods It would be Idle to deny, espe
cially In view of the fact that In France
the betting statistics showed an advance
from 8.400.000 pounds In 1S92 to 15.100.000
pounds In 1911. In the event of the total
izer being Introduced into Britain, in what
manner and for what purpose would the
minimum receipts of 1.360.000 pounds be al
located? If the French system were fol
lowed, one-half of the amount of 6SO.0OO
pounds, would be dedicated to the ex
penses of the department controlling the
system: a quarter, or 340.000 pounds, would
be applied to charitable purposes; one
eighth of 170,000. would be distributed
among British horse-breeders, or used to
purchase thoroughbred sfres for govern
ment studs: and the remaining eighth
would be used by the Minister of Agri
culture for Irrigation or other purposes
connected with the national Industry.
A famous sixteenth century mansion.
Carden Hall, twelve miles from Chester,
the other day was destroyed by fire, the
occupants only Just hating time to es
cape. It was a black and white, half
timbered mansion, and was one of the
most picturesque buildings In the shire.
Valuable pictures. Jewelry and furniture
were destroyed, and the total loss Is esti
mated at 00.000 pounds. The building
was owned by the ancient Cheshire fam
ily of Leche, but was occupied on lease
by Col. George Holdsworth. formerly
commanding the Seventh British Hussars
and now the prospective Conservative
OVERHEARD IN UGANDA.
"Gee. but they have grown snobbish sine ttwjr moved Into that historic
aaanslonl l - - -
.i - ' - N- ' '
ACROSS THE SEA
candidate for Parliament from Chester.
HI wtfa was formerly Mrs; Asheton
Bmlth, well-known and popular in sod
All the valuables were destroyed, among
them treasures Including many valuable
oil paintings (two by Hoppner), furni
ture of the Napoleonic and earlier peri
ods, costly miniatures, plate, etc Mrs.
Holdsworth and Lady Worsley had their
Jewels destroyed, and In addition Cot
Holdsworth lost his Indian big game
trophies, which were stored In the halt
An Iron safe containing Mrs. Holds
worth's jewels was hauled from the
ashes and debris by firemen. The safe
was Intact but the door having been
unfortunately left open by Mrs. Holds
worth, or a maid when endeavoring to
pluck the valuables from the names, the
remains of superb necklaces and other
Jewels were found mingled In a black
ened and powdered mass. The gold had
melted, but some diamonds, pearls, and
rubles. In a blackened condition, were
gathered up and preserved.
Prince Arthur of Connaught has twice
been the guest of Col. and Mrs. Holds-
worth at Carden Park, and King George,
when Prince of Wales, drove there when
staying at Eaton about four years ago.
Mr Leche, the heir to the Leche estate.
Is with the Twelfth Lancers In South
In the civil war Carden Hall was
p'undered by Cromwell's troops and the
Leche of that day was taken as a pris
oner to Nsmtwlch.
Col. Holdsworth. who man-led Mrs.
Asheton-Smlth. of Vaynot North Wales.
heir to the Leche estate. Is with the
Twelfth Lancers In South Africa. Lady
Worsley, who probably saved the lives
of the members of the household. Is the
wife of Lord Worsley. eldest son and
heir of Lord Yarborough. rtANEUB.
(Coprrlfht. lli br Court iloatip Syndicate.)
AST0R ESTATE CUT.
Ills ntr Realty SU3,K30,00O
lead of 100,000,000.
It is the best guess of the executors of
the estate of Col. John Jacob Astor that
his estate is not worth more than 180,000,
000, Instesd of the much larger estimates
heretofore made. Their opinion took the
form yesterday of a certified check for
S3.15O.O00 sent by messenger to State Comp
troller Sohmer In Albany for the account
of the Inheritance tax due In New Tork.
The law provides for a rebate of 5 per
cent of the tax on payments made within
six months of the death of the testator.
That time will run out In the Astor and
other Titanic eases next Tuesday. Oc
tober 13. No report has yet been made
on the estates of the other victims of that
Estimates In excess of 11,000.000 and fall
ing to heirs In direct line, like CoL As
ter's, pay an Inheritance tax of 4 per
cent to the State. On this basis yester
day's check represents a principal of $78,
750.000. Newport property, not assessable
here, raises the total estimate to tSO.OOO,
000. Yesterday's payment is the largest in
heritance tax paid on a single estate In
New York since the enactment of the law
twenty-seven years ago. It Is nearly one
third as large as the entire tax collected
In the fiscal year ended September 30.
Tentative appraisements of Col. Ator"s
real estate In the city aggregate JCRTAOOO.
These holding ha"d been popularly sup
posed to be worth Iino.0u9.00o. When final
reports are In and hearings are held to
determine exact values comparisons may
be made between the figures In the city
tax books and those of outride experts.
Robert E. Dowling. of the City In
vesting Comnanv. is aPDralsirg the
1 Broadway and upper Broadway prop
erties and those lying on either side or
Fifth Avenue between Madison and
Sixth Avenues. His preliminary report
shows a total of about $54,000,000.
Before undertaking this work Mr.
Dowling went to the office of the Astor
estate for surveys to mark the exact lo
cation of each parcel of land, taxes and
other expenses of maintenance and the
rentals received. In order to figure the
net income. He found that the estate
had been content to do business by keep
ing leases in strong boxes and record
ing everything else In account books. A
few city maps furnished the office with
all Its requirements In the matter of
reference. Mr. Dowling Is preparing de
tailed maps of every piece of land, which
he has compiled In handsome books.
Clarence J. Ramsey, of the Cniik
shank Company, was appointed to ap
praise the West Side properties. Includ
ing docks. His estimates amount to
about n.760.000. Clarence W. Eckhardt.
of Horace S. Ely & Co.. appraised the
East Side properties at about JLMf.nO.
and Joseph P. Day figures the Bronx
lands at Si.5W.000. All these appraisals
are subjected to revision.
Tentative figures on the value of paint
ings, engravings, miniatures, statuary
and bronzes In Col. Astors Fifth
Avenue residence and in his country
house in Rhlnebeck were made by Ed
win C. Holston. of Durand. Ruel &
Co. He figures them worth S60.K)0. Ben
jamin H. Herts, of Herts Bros. Co..
has appraised the other personal proper
ty of Col. Astor In his town and coun
try homes at SSS7.965. Hiram K. Knapp.
of Sheppard, Knapp & Co., Is appraising
the personal property In the St Regis
Hotel. He has not yet finished, hut re
ports that the appraisal will be between
S500.000 and $600,000.
X peaks on Universal Peace.
Universal Peace" was the subject of
an address yesterday afternoon by Judge
W. F. N. Norris at Ingram Memorial
Church. Massachusetts Avenue and
Tenth Street Northeast The meeting
was for men only and was held under
auspices of the Y. M. C. A. The Rebew
Orchestra gave a concert
Br CBOStOE FITCH.
AatfMr wf "At eaosl OM Iwaak.'
William Penn. the stubbornest and
most peaceable man In history, was born
October 14. Kit, In London. He was the
son of Admiral Penn 'and could with
Mm wealth and social pull have easily
become the Jamea Hasen Hyde of Great
Britain. Instead, be fell In with a trav
eling preacher at Oxford and became a
Quaker at the age of eighteen.
At that time Quakers were very lit
tle more popular In England than nerv
ous dogs sre in July In this country.
Quakerism was treated as a disease and
the patients were flogged. Imprisoned
and trimmed about the "ears until they
recovered or died, which wss held to be
Just as desirable. When the proud ad
miral saw his talented son returning
home with a two acre hat and plain
clothes he wasted no time In mourning,
but kicked him out of the house and
called up the pound master by telephone.
From that time on young William
spent much of his time In Jail and be
came a connoisseur on straw beds and
stale bread. He continued being a
Quaker with great zeal and while In
prison always write enough to keep him
busy preaching until his next sentence.
In his twenty-eighth year he wooed and
won Maria Springett and lingered at her
side with great devotion, leaving her
only occasionally to serve a workhouse
sentence for advocating peace, friend
ship, toleration, honesty and other here
sies. Having married, however, Penn found
that his prison sentences were lnterfer
rlng with the household work, Maria fre
quently having to wait supper for three
months for him. He, therefore, accept
ed a grant of land In America from his
friends In court who loved him particu
larly at a distance and founded the col
ony of Pennsylvania. He was absolute
He's Sure that Man
Once Was a Monkey
Prof. Ales Hrdlicka, of the National Museum,
Places Us All in the Ourang-Outang Class,
but We Lost Tails En Route.
"Man cannot have arisen except from
some more theroid (animal-like) form
zoologically," It is declared in "Early
Man In South America," Just issued
from the Government Printing Office.
Ales Hrdlicka. curator of the division
of physical anthropology of the Nation
al Museum, is the author of the publi
cation, which is known i "House of
Representatives Document. No. 4S1."
"On the basis of what is positively
known to-day In regard to early man.
and with the present scientific views re
garding man's evolution." Mr. Hrdlicka
says in his report "the anthropologist
has a right to expect human bones, par
ticularly crania, exceeding a few thous
and years in age. and more especially
those of geologic antiquity, shall present
marked morphologic differences, and that
these differences shall point In the di
rection of more prtmitiie forms.
"No conclusion can be more firmly
founded than that man Is a product of
an extraordinary progressive dltreren
tiatlon from some anthropomogenlc
stock, which developed somewhere In
the later tertiary among the primates
He began then as a organism that in
brain and body was less than man. that
was an anthropoid. From this stage he
could not become at once as he Is to
day, though in some stages of his evolu
tion he may have advanced by leaps, or
at least more rapldlv than In others.
He must have developed successively
morphologic modifications called for by
his advance tow-rml the present man.
and have lost gradually those features
that interfered with his advance or be
came unlest progrese which is still un
finished." Tnll l.rtwt Kn Itnntr.
Among other things that man lost on
his way from monkey to man is a long
and hairy tail. Mr. Hrdlicka does not
siy so. but he indicates It
"We know these to be facts." Mr
Hrdlicka continues, "(1) because all or
ganic form is essentially unstable, plas
tic reactive to changing Influences, and
to this law- man's complex and relative
ly delicate organism can form no excep
tion; (2) because the best authenticated
Skeletal remains of early man show
without exception a more or leas clo;e
approximation to more primitive primate
forms: (3) because these older human
forms show. In general, more theroid
features in proportions to their geologic
antiquity; and (4) because morphologic
differences which hae occurred in num
erous historic groups of mankind within
relatively recent times are very appar
ent to-day In the various 'races' of men.
and are constantly arising In tribes, in
CANAL BOAT POPULATION.
Pictaresqne Floating: Residence
(roninsr Fewer in England.
From the Boston Tranacrirt.
A mode of life that while every one
realizes It exists, few have very much In
mind has been brought out rather promi
nently by Dr. W. H. Symons. medical offi
cer of health. Bath. England. Is that of
the canal boat population. The English
act Is an old one which provides that
every sanitary authority within whose
district there is any canal shall have the
duty of enforcing the prescribed health
regulations. The report gives an Insight
Into this curious arid Interesting life on
continually moving residences.
The number of boats registered In Bath.
which has a population of 70,000, Is fifty
six, there having been no new boats or
any cancellation of certificates during the
year MIL This number Is in excess of
those used for dwellings, because In some
cases the cablqs have been removed and
the boats are now only used for tows, and
others have been wrecked or broken up
without mention of It in any record. In
fact It Is exceedingly difficult to trace the
fate of such vessels, for the strict regula
tions that pertain to ships on sea are not
deemed necessary, and there Is no pen
alty provided for failure to give notice of
loss or change. The number seems to be
getting gradually smaller, for besides In-
I voluntary losses boats may be filled with
earth and sunk In order to strengtnen tne
canal or river banks. Suggestions are on
foot however, for reviving the declining
Industry of canal boating by providing a
commission which shsll look to the mat
ter with definite plans and try to link the
main tines of communication.
The work of the Bath Board of Health
has been of much the same nature as In
tenements on land. Dirty cabins were
cleaned and repainted, the existence of
the licenses was looked srter. and in the
boats. In addition to the ordinary land
requirements, there were Inspections to
discover leaks and Inemctent
e 'gener- r
comparable perhaps to the fire esca
aulrements of houses. As to thei
aJity oX cabins they wsra reaaioaaMr
ruler of this colony, but took great
pleasure In framing a-set of laws al
lowing the colonists to govern them
selves and worship as they pleased. For
many years ha traveled between Penn
sylvania and England using a jail as
a hotel In the latter country and wear
ing his hat with Indefatigable eloquence
and determination before kings, poten
tates and Judges.
"ToAeep it politicians from rtealirr lta shoes.
Penn died In 171S leaving his colony
In a highly prosperous condition and his
name Is still revered as a man who al
ways thought of himself last and stuck
to principle with a blind (disregard of
consequences. Unfortunately he left few
descendants In Pennsylvania, and Phila
delphia, which he founded, has had to
put his statue 550 feet above the streets
to keep Its politicians from stealing Its
(ODryrlsht n by George Mathew Adams.1
lesser groups. In families and In Indi
viduals. "Evolutionary changes have not pro
gressed and do not progress regularly
In mankind as a who!ep nor even In any
of Its divisions. Such 'changes may be
thought of as a slowly augmenting com
plex of zigzags, with localized forward
leaps, temporary haltlngs. retrogres
sions, and possibly with even occasional
complete cessations. Thus it would not
be reasonable to expect that at any
given date In the pat or present all
the branches or members of the human
or pro-human family would be of abso
lutely uniform tpe At all periods
some individuals, and even groups,
were doubtless more advanced than oth-e-s
from the ancestral and nearer the
present human type. Nevertheless, the
morphologic status of the man In eacn
geoloKi, al period had. unquestionably.
Its boundarie". and there is no evidence
or probability that two human beings,
a geological period or more apart could
be so closely related In form that their
crania or skeletons would show strictly
cne and the same type.
Once Han Red from Tree.
The antiquity, therefore, of any hu
man skeletal remains which do not pre
sent marked differences from those of
modern man may be reparded. on mor
phologic grounds, as only inilgniflant
geologically, not reaching in time In all
probability bejond the modern, still un
finished geologic formations. Should
other claims be made in any case, the
burden of definite proof would rest heav
ily on those advanclrg ibem
"Other considerations bearing on this
point have been brought forth In the
writer' report relating to ancient man
in North America.
"The essence of the subject is that the
expectation of important form differ
ences between human skeletal remains
of geologic antlquitv and those of the
present era Is Justified: that the differ
ences presented by the older remains
should point In the direction of zoologlc
inferiority, and tftat where important
structural differences pointing to an
earlier evolutionary stage are not found
in the human skeletal remains which are
the. subject of study, and especlally
tthere the jrlven crania and bones show
clo-se analogies with those of modern or
een of the actual native race of the
same region, the geologic antlquitv of
such rema.ns may well be regarded as
Imperfectly supported In fact, as Im
probable " ,
Dr Hrdlicka was disappointed In what
he found In South America, hut he Is
certain that man came from a monkey.
clean. The principal difficulties He in
their small size, usually not more than
eighty cubic feet the leaky cabins being
used for storage only; but the possiblllty
of use for humans made it necesasry to
Improve the conditions of these.
The Nation's Business.
Fnan tha Chicar P.errrd Herald.
That new organization, the Chamber
of Commerce of the United Slates, has
decided to publish a periodical for the
purpose of furnishing to all Interested,
including newspaper editor", a urvey
of the constructive and progressive news
of the ccuntry In the Industrial and com
mercial spheres. The departments of ac
tivity to be covered are agricultural,
manufacturing, mining, t-ansportatlon.
distribution and finance. Statistics, of
ficial and other, will be given, as well
as Information concerning consular and
other governmental aids In fostering
The' periodical, to be called The Na
tion's Business, will be valuable ti news
papers and even more valuable to busy
men of affairs. It will tell the business
community of one State or section what
the business interests of other sections
are thinking, planning, achieving. It
will thus link all parts of the nation and
further help them to think Impartially.
It Is needless to say that the period
ical will not dealwlth politics, partisan
or general, but will e'nflne Itself to pro
gresslvlsm In the sense in which all In
telligent men and women understand the
term when arplled to business and en
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JAMK.H 9. FR-wSER.
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