LtfSS?fevg: S2i?S8S5SfiiSKf' iSSSSS- .;?;, 'COliWKfOSStSM
mmmmmiam. S&SSiUSSBSt SS8SSSSl- iEtSSSIJIS
? ' lilt wgir'twaATMiw-icvw; yai
' Ho'tiintloii via b"ia ito - maoay
iareoctrnBtlm. ,ndfPQ ccmTnaBlcm
ttoMta. too 'editor: will, be printed .ei
MKrn' the Bam of. the writer --?assunscripts
offered for. publication will
jsojyetnrned U unavailable. fcot;tamp
oM be sent with the antiertptt for
that purpose. ' "" ,"-'
-kewspeper. -whether' for the dally or the
;pnndy Issue, should be addressed to
;THE WASHINGTON JHERA1JX
. aw ,
-.$ aad ffcmday. MncU -petmontt
.r - .
.?" tad Sondar. -A, per jear
'wtMr.-.vUhaet 6unlT....:.SS oaota per auetk
r.-t-e. KIBSCEIrTIQK BATES BI MAILS
Mru' ftlj..,. ........;.... cent pa ana
EMj aa Boniv.. . ...16.10 pW
: Saflr.. without Bnndaj.
I JDiaj. wtthoot Bandar... -A P I"
;' mdtr.Vtthort dllj'... ..-JB." per T
-TUESDAT. OCTOBER O. ISO,
Oar Prison Befbrm Experience:.
-s .-it i
.-'treated with as' much kindness as cir-
.Ccmnstanceswill permit, and all agencies
PU-- Kaf nnnl1 Tnalri fnr
Kr should be encouraged.
But there has
been sufficient proof recently that; sen
timentality has, been carried beyond the
point of safety: A prison 'is a place
fe for' '.punishment and those who find
themselves behind Its walls, .while un-
5-, derstanding that good conduct may
shorten their sentence, should not be
iipermitted' to regard it as affordingTa
w Short cut to trcedom by the path ot
J, There have been several illuminating
j Instances ol the. manner in which cer
tain .so-called prison" reform methods
. meet- the test of experience. All of
jg these have been sensational and se
rious. The" first of them that attract
ed attention all over the country was
the outbreak in the Michigan penitentiary,-
where the mutiny reached such
proportions that the civil 'authorities
were powerless 'to subdue it and the
r "itary had to be called to their as
sistance.. Yet that institution had been
r rp'at prison reform meetings and
other gatherings o'f sociological in
Jt as a model of Its class.'.as bring
ing uppermost that which was" best in
bir.ian nature, even when it had gone
r .ray, and as lifting to the surface
Spoor and manhood of the inmates.
nII that was needed was faith in
t' theory to justify the. belief that we
e making hopeful progress toward
Ti-fcrm. But there' came a time 'when
t- system meant only opportunity for
the e for whose supposed benefit it had
i i instituted.. They forgot the, priv-
s.ltliat had been, granted, the'ldnd-:'-':
bestowed upon them, and made
? sperate. effort to obtain the free-
in.,)rhich tliey prized more than any-
i ,' iXci TI.. ... .i .?
"- mj hji itiuc uic rcacitun,
-J a. taste 'of the-whipping post to the
it -jfnt of their endurance was the sc-
uel to the lax discipline that had been
exercised in the name of humanity. As
ft result the kind of "reform" that had
been practiced probably will not be re
vived in that State.
In Rhode Island similar trouble has
been experienced on a somewhat
smaller -scale. In that instance, how
ever it was less a case of good, inten
tion than of loose methods and neg
lect of ordinary precautions. One of
the worst prisoners' wa"s .a pet of the
warden, and where escape was so easy
he availed himself of his chances and
is now a desperado at large.
But the jail delivery at Rawlins,
iWya, in which escaped convicts and
armed guards liad a' battle resulting in
the death of two citizens on' the street,
was the climax of a series of troubles
which has been in progress'ever since
ihe "reform" policy was instituted two
tears ago. The beginning of it was
'ic burning of the broom factors One
! the convicts' committed 'suicide. An-T
r.iher almost murdered a fellow-con-
ct, .and many escapes have occurred.
(was a ""few days previous to the des-
yate dash for liberty that the pris-
' "" 'yjyM. a- nesro brought there
I protection against the wrath of .an
4 tflde mob. This gave them a sense
r their" own power. -The authorities
tght have "known that they would use
when the time came, "but apparently
&-. extra precautions were taken.
These three happenings oughtto con
stitute impressive -object lessons, com
vQf. as they do in such rapid succession.
?3ey seem to prove that where men are
sritffned against their wills and for
$Mtive purposes only strict discipline
m power to enforce it will answer
foe the protecton of society, .against
Vwse who have defied its laws,
' Pensions for Teachers. l
f A-'federated, group of 6,000 employes
J towns -and, aties.-in Massachusetts
'lfc--e to rene pressure on the-ietrisla-
MfS-V1! -r a S-ato' Jysfem . of pensions
('ec- caaer whit th.rv.mmiuii!tt, -.,",! ,
ky - -. .--- -.."-.-..- .. mii
JtBiic school'teachers each are to cotr
P' dilute to thfttiremenufund.
i legislators wiirinve. before-them the
jlts of, an investigation made by the
3?p,- Doard.x)t edncatios, neutral as ,to
'Vix - -uuuu -vv9cic.asto.iac:s and
py- "?iary & ati informed 6t
lMn' llK"? the ;denund
f&; this' quarter foe aid, that'will iiji
S"Mb tolerablr. Kvimr ivmt't'a ' ;n
M&&:1iuttl?l- -nl- '- -t
tf?vants who perform valuable social
Bg?vicc. , Moreover.
tw-iTyf ?r iuiiirism 'in
te,- instrfyinjcjtuch care -of
fcm -ifi j i"S"-.TV.i-A. .,.'--. , , mr mmvmm mm. m m. . . w a mmmm i m ..aas '.h. r , k. mbhv bh '
imxam-Ki.mBumm--wBwimmB-.o.m: .... - - -. ... si it - ,- --- - - - - --
!.' i'.it. .r..--- &s:?A iu j. rr.- T 'j ,y- V- . ''e.d, j ". rwmmmt n 1 1 , mw& mwm ,. ..v.MWOT:.BPv.,va- 1.OT ot
i:j.--!i.Iu. " -Sr-i'.-lIf..-HiJ
enuy .wtneat.perKW -ppji.nw-
ful1 pfactt of ffltxiawwt lemce J.at?a
tune ot npest. power. vjsi t-b - ' v
, Qy but?f power of he
Common wealth? must' extend in. thU ,'u
in other directions, vlt,iisacnuietti
U to hold its owj with'Sutet that are
youBger, more aggressive, .and, com-
nutted to policies implying a large'cle
gree. of "supervision; .ajjd.conrolled bf
i Politicf in Germany. t
Complete' offlcTal reports of he elecr
tions in Germany confirm the earlier
estimates of a growth of Social De
mocracy, perhaps. also of , drift tp
ward Radicalism as a means of 'op
posing Socialism, both of these "parties
showing a growth in five, years, while
all others show a .decline: .
We are not .wrong, .therefore,- in pre-'
dieting that the problem which will
then, 'cqnfrorit 'the other' parties may
hap confronts them already-rls the
chance of forming an anti-Socialist
group." But this, it must be confessed,
does not seem very encouraging. The
Socialists long have" been- the most
numerous party jn the. empire,, and their
plurality W steadily increasing. .Five
years ago they polled -29 per cent of
all the 'votes, cast, 'but this 'year 'their
proportion rose' to 35 per cent The
clericals of the "Center" " have been
and stfll,.are the. second party in num
bers.- But their hold on the second
place is failing and In the next quin
quennial "Reichstag election it is not
improbable that they, will be; "surpassed
by the Radicals. r"
The Clerical percentage ofithe vote
ien irom 19 in 1907 to 10 in lyi-,
while that o'f the Radicals rose from
11 to 12 in round numbers. The once
powerful National Liberal party con
tinues to decline, its shares in the two
years named being 15 and 14, respec
tively. The Conservatives a fraction
of a, per cent only, the Free Cdnserva,-
tives from 4 to 3, the Poles from half
a per cent, and the economic Union
from 3 to z The residue of votes
cast by" nearly a score of minor par
ties also declined from 5.5 to 4.6 per
cent ' .
The "schism" in the Socialist party
which many had expected did not oc
cur at the recent congress at Chem
nitz, and it seems probable that' the
party will maintain its integrity and
continue to grow- in numbers during
the next five years. In that case it
may at the next general election poll
40 -per cent- of the total vote, and in
another decade may have; a clear ma
jority- of the popular vote of the. em
pire. The problem which then will con
front the other parties, and which, in
deed, confronts them already, is the
possibility o'f forming an anti-Socialist
group, which, 'it must be confessed
does not seem very hopeful..
Clericals, and Radicals both hate So
cialism, but they also hate each other.
Conservatives might eo-operate with
Clericals, but they hevct will combine
with National Liberals, not to mention
. A Chapter on Women's Hats.
What becomes o'f discarded women's
hats? Numerous attempts have been
made to answer this question correctly
by men, but, of course, they failed.
Women long ago could have solved the
puzzle, but they have preferred to
number this among the other mysteries
concerping themselves that keep men
guessing. Recently a Kansas woman
very nearly divulged the secret, but in
the end she rcnigged and left the in
vestigator nothing but a clew. What she
said was that when a woman discards
her- hat and buys a new one, she
takes the old one up to the attic and
carefully puts it into a trunk with a
lot of others.
In the light of tradition this sounds
perfectly reasonable, says the Christian
Science Monitor. Researches have
shown that in doing so the woman of
to-day 1 follows the. example of a long
line 01 ancestresses, iliere never 1,
was, or ever- .will be .-a woman's hat
that is put out of the., way for good.
This means that there never was ;cither
a completely old or a completely new
woman's hat ,,.
'This, -to our mind, is perfectly tnie.
Very 'few women put away' a hat with
out expecting to wear, it again in in
stallments" Has ever a woman bought
a hat without planning to .use some part.
of an .old "hat in'the trimming of the
J new one? 'Is1 there' a new fashion in
spring -or tan hats without thousands
of women rummaging through then
attic trunks or other old hat recep
tacles in search of old hats that have
on them something which thevneed for
trimming their; latert h'eadgeaf? It may
oe a piume,or a, buckle, or a piece pf
Jace, or a ribbon:- Or- it is the chiffon.
perhaps even"the,shapt But whatever
it is, it something. women never.' have
forgotten ,,ever .since 'the day .they put
it, away. .V '-
Thus it, is seldom thai an old fiaf is
lost v Itjnaydbedeprn-ed pfi its.jritn
miiujsr.oneVby one, but. .when 1t.t!
down-to the." bare-shape the chancesfare
"k ' r' a'-"iuiuoi mu UUl
it can be trimmed all overSagiin.
It,.J not .bueineee; that, .aorta poUtlca
thle- -reurf - nnl' t h .v.t. ' '
this-year;" quite' the reverse.
:mmM. tooctaM: -It TjmrAo.
AH itflKr.4 It-nikMf - hit' &
?-'orv:fc-.Vj1'sj;;r.Ai;fis: .t.iawj u.Jw"
TBOitra"--! fmnrm mji;.'mm?t
io- PMaoaerar wow-j fni.-.;iw
'. There W,NrdUi,1ertyeM'i'iief
mSmilTim im t.t .. r.iiM-r J-
7.-v-zrzir' -c '-t-jt? ,-v
i ?.Kwfit -i.y,s
Aa.eter belniBNe to laA jreric eo
the etMeV;Jid aeodfec ljiiMle,VHenr.
ooulaed the", promtoe of a 'cbaetora
lob-oatse. street earUlBea," -:---.-
"When-do.l reportr'v "! .
At. .-. herp.'Veeld the pmmi,
Shades of .Boothl'rexelelnwl .tte
JTbtspiaavU.'I. couldn't (Uhd: saohJioun,
The ttcnee .wovld.'oSset'.theeJerr.-v'Whjr,
I'd be UU for. rehearesi -vrr day.'
October lm HlscV. . .
Oetobr.2.' 15. Henry vnr'heck-tbe
crowii .Jewels; - ' ;,"
October 2C, 1C. Louie XTVrpreeents
Oliver' Cromwell, with the .royal aooee-
Done, used lor lorecuuna" weeiner xor,
many, years: "
CattlaK'.Dvwa.Vke Free JUmt. v
"New York hotel are now -'charalns;
for "breed- add trotter." . . . -
"And theaters tor. procrammea."
trblnjrtare tlgbtenlruf.up allalotut'ttie
One: Thousands' ot, dollars have cone
to pot' giving 'away blotters, matches,
'almanacs, calendars, toothpicks, and lee
The; .verbs are red afid yellow,
The adjectives are. sere; ' u
The .'nouns, are ''waxing; mellow
For autumn time Is .here. ' '
S paint of HtahmladednrM
"Why are-you looking so virtuous and
Tvo decided to cut out the musical
comedy for one week and attend that
performance ot Shakespeare I see
" '.; jo.t so.' '
I always.enjey myself when I see my
wire Is eiuoyipg nerscii. j ,.
"Then your .happiest .moments, must be
at tea fights,, and In mUllnery shops.
' ' A Born alcslMan.
"Tou ,are .wasting your time writing
"But I sell my poetry," protested the
"And that convinces me that you can
sAl anything. Such being the caso
why not take up high-class bond, or
steer bridges, or something big'
SUPREME COURT '
DELAYS COAL CASE
No Action Taken on Anthracite
Trust Hatter on "Opinion Day."
Socket Is Made Up.
The United States Supreme Court
yesterday held another "opinion" day
without handing down decisions In the
Anthracite Cnal Trust case or any .of
the other Important i cases It has had
under consideration during the sum
mer. Much' work ' was accomplished.
however. In preparing the docket for
The suit of the government agalnstb'ears ago, and although It has been
the United Shoe Machinery Company
and the appeal of Charles K. Helke,
secretary of the American Sugar Refin
ing Company, indlcrted for complicity
In the sugar weighing frauds, were as
signed for hearing on January 6.
Other cases Involving tho constitution
ality of the "white slave" law .and
patents -to thousands of acres of "oil
lands in California held by the' South
ern Pacific Railroad, were assigned for
heariniT' on tho same date.
Petitions submitted- by the Commercial
Bulletin and Journal of Commerce, ot
New York, and tho Lewis Publishing
Company, of St Ixmis. to test the con
stitutionality of the new law requiring
newspapers to file names of publishers
and stockholders with the Post-office
Department were submitted to the
court The government will concur In
these petitions so as to expedite the
The demurrer of the State of Colorado
to the bill of the State of "Wyoming to
prevent the diversion of the headwa
ters of the Laramie River by Colorado
Irrigation concerns., was overruled by
the court, and thirty days allowed for
BAGGAGE LAW SUSPENDED.
Commercial Traveler Raise Objec
tion o 1. C. C. Herniation.
The Interstate Commerce Commission
yesterday again suspended for a period
of three months the proposed new regu
lations of practically every railroad In
the United States restricting the dimen
sions of trunks and other articles
handled as baggage and Incidentally In
creasing baggage rates.
"These tariffs Were originally , suspended
from July 31 until October 28, 1S12. They
provided that for' any piece of baggage.
except immigrant baggage' checked .at
rpcrt of. landing, the 'greatest' dimensions
of which exceeds 43. Inches, there will be
en additional charge for each" additional
inch equal to 10 pounds excess weight
and that no, piece of'baggage the "great
est dimensions of which exceed -70 Inches,
except Immigrant" baggage checked" at
port of.' landing, -will- be transported In
baggage caray - " r;
Commercial 1 . travelers and Athens
raised ..strenuous objection to the .pro
posed new regulations aM" the Commis
sion suspended them until: It can make a
PATJU0TIC' SOCIETIES TO MEET.
Axmtwl "Inspection, of 'Women's Re.
Ileif Corp Start's To-night
Th visit of .Mrs. Mamie P. Dorsey.
Inspector for. the voman s Relief Corps,
10 irarragut corps to-nignt wui Inaugu
rate the annual Inspection of the nine
Washington posts, j ,,-,, '
The .'other: Inspections wtlLjtake place
a ".follows: Xogan Corps by 'Mrs. Fan-
. .. wav ......wMf mi (.. .w, iu
uorssoy jnrs. Jianue if. jjorsey, Thurs
day' night: CLafayett Com by. Ellen A.
Meyers, .November "4:r Charles :8umner
Corps v'byMrs.. "Vamle.iP. Dorsey,'' No
vember 8; - Lincoln .Corps' by .Mrs: Dor
sey. November!!;, Thomas . Corps by Ttrs.
Meyers.;. November 715; Sheridan." Corps I
by-fMrs.-Dorsey, November It, .and. Bum J
fjtavvrpaj.uitrjnnb- wsre,,.npreznDer .
tFraaees- Clark- restcrdav filed , milt
against theCWaahlngton rRallwajr andl
jaecirio- inipnnyvilOT..pylu oamages,
alleglB: that; while driving In H .Street
ta,awson: August ', last a car of the
ftrfcnnnfrnnjiin n m .ii. -i...
; mV-'".;. ' -'" -- ----.- - . .. - sr . - .--... TTkaawia UAJ1
leatBou Isao sHnsl at '
aael- tkea mtrAXttl.m.
sMrfic'TlM toaaba eftte lOaaei ec,
MsaltJlr ttasa-oY'qlt1seyjo ttte
K.sMMitM .!! isr -K-m
the resent -AlfoMo: Tho'ciilde who
rrmajaalee.etreers who viatt-the Bs-
eortal expums ttmt tM VMsssT,
never yet .-HsRedvUe. tosab' leserrsdfor
bibs, ana add:; -The areeaat Kiif aays.
-t-ii 1 gee mere sooa eaougar-.
will -the taroaer of.sre. ue-'out'
took' 1 gloomiest, perhapa,for that of
Alfonso of Spain. It la not. oaly the
ooosrtaatly growlna-'acttrltyaad streogth
of the' republicans tar his kingdom, aad
the' uneaslnes that must have been'oe
ceeloneid by the tragedlee aad. salsfor
tunes of itbe, -deposed. Braaemaa family
oftPortugaV but. recently .there-has coma
also to. the young monarch .the sad
knowledge that hi .youngest son, the
Infante Jaime: Is doomed to remain deaf
and dumb for life.
Refusals of 'Insurance companies to I.
sue a policy at any premium baa forced
him to resilse how -precarious his own
health and future are. regarded; Lastly,
the compilation of statistics, by a com
mission of experts baa made the young
monarch realise that the exodus of nis
snMects to South .American countries
threatens a depopulation of Spain, and.
furthermore, that his people are In a
condition ot Ignorance aad the .whole
land In a state of neglect Incredible In
k modern' European nation.
The Queen has returned from a visit
to her mother. Princess Beatrice ofBat
tenberg. In the Isle of Wight Her' first
thought was for the Ill-fated Prince
Jaime. The little chap, despite this af
fliction. Is bright and baa learned, to
express himself by signs. The disap
pointment growing out of the treatment
given Prince Jaime at Freiberg, in Ba
varia, and the suffering he subsequently
endured , In undergoing an .operation on
his head and ear practically have de
stroyed all hope "that, he will, ever be
able to speak or hear.
.Queen Victoria on her return heard
for the first time of the. letter-sent to
Alfonso bv his aunt Infanta Eulalla.
in which' she told the King that ber hus
band. Prince Antonio of Orleans, desired
to take French naturalization, and that
In consequence, she would have to ae
cept his decision and herself become a
'.Antonio and Eulalla. as I have nar
rated before, have planned a divorce.
As Spanish subjects, .divorce would be
Impossible. As French citizen, divorce
could bo obtained. Eulalla, In her let
ter to the King, made no mention or a
possible future divorce. Alfonso replied
to Ills aunt that he regretted she should
deem It necessary to take such a step.
He Ignored all mention' of Antonio. Al
fonso understands what Is In the wind,
but Is most anxious to avoid scandal.
No matter what action Prince Antonio
may take. It will not affect Eulalla's
nationality as far as her place on the
civil list la concerned. A the daughter
of a. queen, she will retain her nation
ality, as did her sister. Infanta Tar, who
became a Bavarian princess. Though
married to a foreigner, a Spanish prin
cess may always retain her civil right.
In regard to the refusal of Insurance
companies to Issue a policy to King Al
fonso It Is known that msny monarch
have had great difficulty In this line.
There Is not only their health, poor In
many Instances, to consider, but the din
ner of assassination. Queen Alexandra
of Great Britain., however, recently re
ceived S3.S0O.Coa on it policy which hsd
been Issued to King Edward only two
years before his death. No member of
the Austrian Imperial family could get
Insurance save Johann Orth. the prlnee
adventurer, who disappeared twenty-two
practically established that he was lost
at sea. the J300.0CO policy which he held
thus far has not been paid to his heirs.
The Czar of Russia Is Insured with nn
Analo-Grrman company for CTTAWrt, a
policy signed when he was a lad. and
which costs him about SIOO.000 a year hi
premiums. The greatest loss ever sus
tnlned for an individual by nn Insurance
company was caused by Ihe assassina
tion of King Humbert when tOOO.000
was paid. The present King of Italy Is
Insured for only half that sum. The 111.
fated King Alexander of Servla. never
waa nbln to secure Insurance. Geflnre V
ot England Is Insured for the sum that
his father was. but Alfonso ha been de
clined as 11 bad risk. The Kaiser, who
is considered a very sound Investment,
worthy of risk, tried to help Alfonso
with some. German companies, but failed.
The life of the present-day German
diplomat In one respect Is less strenu
ous than In Bismarck's earlier days. In
the time of 'King Frederick William of
Prussia all the guests had 'to drink from
a stag's horn ."which contained about
three-quarters of a bottle of wine, and
was so made that one could not bring It
close to tho ltps, yet one was' net allowed
to spill a drop. Bismarck took it and
drank It off at n draft though It was
very cold champagne, and not a single
drop fell on his white waistcoat Every
body was surprised, but he said. "Give
Such tricks were an Indispensable nart
of the diplomat's trade of fifty years ago.
Ke drank ''the weaker vessels" under the
table, wormed all he wanted to know out
ot them, and made them agree' to things
which were contrary to their Instruc
tions." Then they were compelled to put
their signatures at once, and afterward,
when they got sober, they could not
Imagine how they .had done It
Speaking ot the Iron Chancellor re
calls the occurrence which led" to the
dismissal of the great man, who created
united - Germany. Bismarck had ac
corded, a private Interview,, at his home,
to a noted politician of that day. When
the story or this interview- came to
the ears of the Emperor, Wiihelm II.
then a -young. ruIer;,who had but recent
ly ascended the throne,-'the 'latter insist
ed upon knowing with whom thereafter
Bismarck Intended to discuss, political
Tell his majesty." said the man of
Iron to the Emperor'' messenger, "that
Msao'Y : nisi laWlliin BlUh
saWes"1!' vVsrmsmBHA . 9sssm
.-.'A'-'asMasssBssKssd'11 " -."' """""
k.t,?' rt'.r.' I'
susat essanssllar-SjssUb aaM'sfcac IwWsatVft
.fTa.eosaaiand of, my:sbverla,,J was
wsra rspty, -eno, ai roe arawisf
eer ot'sny wlfe.rj " , ""!
; cased the political career "of the
aVsat raaacetlor. Still the .question re
msln' whether this Yauxpaa" slone
wotttsVkave so promptly and peremptorily
eUesiciated, Bismarck from the leadership
hi the .lyoung German empire had not
family aoalrs the worst kind of Inter
fersnos brought about his .downfalL He
waa thoroughly, passionately hated by the
yanast Emperor's mother,-Empress Fried
rich (the British Princes Royal Victoria)
who, to her' dying 'day never forgave Bis
marck his allusion In the. Prussian Diet
to the "diseased UueJph branch that had
been grafted upon the sturdy Bobenzol-
lera oak" (meaning her marriage to the
handsome, tall, willowy, but ill-fated
crown Drince. "Unser Frits."
(CapjrrisM. Itls, by Csmt Oassw Bjmdkate.)
tJnited States to Keep Hands Off
Except to Preserve Peace
. at the PoUs. .
DIAZ THE OBIT CANDIDATE
It was announced at the State Depart.
ment yesterday that President Diaz of
Nicaragua has Issued a decree setting
Saturday, November 2. as the day for the
free election of a President and & Vice
President by direct popular vote. Diaz'
term ot office expires on January 1
Contrary to expectation, there will be
no supervision of the election by the
American forces now in .Nicaragua.
Though nearly 2.000 marines and blue
Jackets will be In Nicaragua at the date
of-tho election, they will take no part
In the proceedings whatsoever, unless it
be that disorder results during the vot
ing. In 'such an event the Americans will
preserve the peace.
American supervision of the elections
in Nicaragua, which, it was expected,
would put the final stamp of Impartiality
and disinterestedness on the course of
the United States with regard to the
disturbances In Nicaragua, bad to be
abandoned because of the practical diffi
culties In the way. It was found that
to Insure absolute fairness of the elec
tion and thorough Impartiality upon the
part of American supervisors. It would
be necenary to have a registration pe
riod also under the supervision of Ameri
cans previous to the elections. Because
of the lack of means or communication
throughout almost all the republic it
would take months to carry this pro
gramme Into effect. It would likewise
require Spanish-speaking men at each
voting place, and these the American
forces are not prepared to furnish In
anything like the number necessary.
Dins Ilaa Xo Opposition.
President Diaz Is, so far as is known,
the only candidate In the field at the
present moment Gen. Mens, wno had
the assembly elect him President By a
procedure of doubtful legality, and who
started the recent revolt In order to
obtain the eftlce by force. Is lying In a
hospital at Ancon, Canal Zone, a physi
cal wreck and, seriously 11L Gen. Zele
don. who. It has since been learned. In
tended to take the Presidency for him
self, thoush postng as Mena's ally. Is
dead. The entire crowd of professional
revolutionists who poured Into Jflcara
gua to take advantage of the Siena re
volt are either dead or out of the coun
try. All that are alive are under arrest
in either Honduras, Salvador, or Costa
A committee of prominent citizens ot
Leon has waited upon President Diax
and Informed him that the Liberals ot
that city, which has heretofore been
the stronghold of the party, repose
confidence In his administration and will
support him for the Presidency. Among
the legations of central American coun
tries in this city, the opinion seems to
be general that President Diaz, by
emerging triumphant from the recent
upheaval, has gained tremendously In
prestige and power. Ills election Is re
garded as a foregone conclusion.
The election of Diaz would be re-
carded In Washington with some favor.
Diaz Is known here as an honest, up
right man, who has done his best In
Nicaragua, according to his. lights.
What is particularly In his favor, from
the Washington point of view, is the
fact that he Is a civilian, and without
any military ambitions.
COHTDTDEa DEBATE ON BEP0BT.
Exeentlve Committee of A. F. of t.
May Adjonm To-uiorrow.
The debate on the annual report .of
the American Federation of Labor In
the meeting of the executive committee
Is still on and it was said last night
that no word of the probable contents
of the report would "be" given out until
the document Is completed. The com
mittee has until Wednesday to finish.
It la understood that a motion; passed
yesterday In .the. committee to -'adjourn
the sessions at noon to-morrow and, this
probably will mean. It Is said, that the
committee -wlll-have.to hold a night ses
sion to get through the pile ot business
which Include the settlement of several
labor questions of Importance. The re
port the committee Is now compiling Is
the one that will be presented at the
annual convention of the federation. In
Rochester, N. T., November 1L
rTBjr sasTprjf; wg-tilfm- xjfirw ..V,it-:..WsWssMPs
i;; tkr timer Wce.yH.'t q&&iimm
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no crery atme yov. we. it. yoa are
f,; bpufht it.
U -.sssT . -
T A C -T:
By OEOStGB sTITCB, -'
Aathor of "At Good Old atwaaSV
Tact 1 the art of being gentle .with
other people's feelings. It is a sort' of
anesthetic which makes a conversation
pain less, no, matter ow painful the sub
ject may be.
Tact also- consists of saying the wrong
thing In the right place,, of. saying the
right Hhlng In the wrong place, of pat
ting surging spirits with a few deft
words, .and of taking' the conversation
by the -ear when It gets dangerous and
leading It away to a cool, dry spot
Tact, ,ln- society. Is considered even
more necessary than bare shoulders. A
tactful hostess can make a young man
feel flattered by allowing him to take
care of a cross old lady, and can keep
a divorced couple' separated and entirely
happy In a 10 by 12 room. There are
women so tactful that they can win the
lifelong gratitude of other women while
explaining why they couldn't invite said
women to their receptions.
There are also women so untactful
that .they could give a massive recep
tion In honor 'of a friend and spoil the
entire effect by neglecting to Invite her
Tact la a very pleasant society lubri
cant without which contrary disposi
tions would get hopelessly gummed up.
It is .also useful In politics. A tactful
leader never makes enemies. He can do
more with a few kind words and a
promise than an untactful President
with an Ambassadorship.
Tactful people get along as comfort
No Action Taken on Question of
Allowing Bailway Company to
lay Tracks in Boyal Street.
C0UHSEL PRESENT AEGUMEHTS
Alexxandrla, Va., Oct IL The fran
chise for the use of Royal Street to the
Washington-Virginia Railway Company
on a twenty-year lease was discussed
at a public meeting of the Joint com
mittee on streets, finance and general
laws of city council to-night In the
chamber of the board of aldermen.
Attorneys John M. Johnson, Samuel G.
Urent and Leo P. Harlow spoke on be
half of citizens residing In that street
No definite action was taken by the
committee. Attorney G. L. Roothe.
representing the railway company, will
submit a revised card suggested by the
committee that the company pay the
city the sum of J3.900 Instead of IS.11OO
as originally proposed, toward the im
provement of three Instead of two
squares in Royal Street, the squares to
be improved to extend from Prince to
Wilkes Streets. The idea ot tne lum
bers of the committee Is to have these
three squares Improved with tar ma
cadam and have the space between the
railway tracks and two feet on each
side thereof Improved with vitrified
The meeting was presided over by
Henry K. Field, chairman of the finance
Attorney John it Johnson, represent
ing a number of property owners, made
a statement ot the affair and submitted
n proposition favoring the removal of
the freight station from Prince, and
Royal Streets by January f and having
ft also Incorporated In the hid of the
company that the company would agree
to pave between Its tracks and two feet
en each side thereof. This proposition
was agreeable to Mr. Bootlie.
FreiRbt Question l'.
The question of the freight cars oper
ating over the street was discussed, and
Mr. Bootne stated that the company was
willing to remove its station to any point
designated and also would suspend Its
fi eight service If the city desired It done.
A recitation of what the committee had
done In the matter since the ordinance
came before it was given by Mr. Bootlie.
He assured the committee that what th
company wants is a passenger franchise
and pot a freight franchise. Mr. BootheV
ugreed to a proposition not to remove
the freight station of the company north
of Wilkes Street or east of Henry Street
If franchise Is granted..
W. P. Woolls spoke of conditions in
the square in Royal Street, between
Wolfe and Wilkes Streets, and F. J.
Davidson objected to vitrified brick in
the square between Prince and Duke
Streets, and also to the heavy freight
hauling. Attorney Harlow- favored the
Improvement of three Instead of two
squares'1 with the money.
The railway company. In addition to
agreeing to pay JLWO a year for the
franchise,- also agreed to pay JS.000 to
ward the Improvement of two squares in
Royal.' between Wilkes, Prince, .and
Wolfe Streets. In its original bid. A new
bid will soon be submitted, it Is expected,
and then be" taken up Tiy City Council.
Cases for Grand Jury.
' Among- the seven, cases which will he
presents ,to the grand Jury for Its con
sideration, which will convene In' the
Corporation Court 'Wednesday; .Is ,that
of Robert. Grady, alias Bryant colored,
charged with .the,, murder , of Charles'
Taylor," .also -colored. " Taylor." it Is "al
leged, was shot by Grady the night of
August IX, UH. Taylor waa taken to, the
Alexandria Hospital., and .tetanus devel
oped, and bis death' occurred, August 2S.
1S1L .Orady fled following the shooting
and it waa. nearly a year before he was
There an' she. other criminal 'cases to
be presented to. the" Jury for. Its consid
eration.. Their, are: James Lucas petit
larceny, third .oaTensar Arthur Qrigsby,
T-W- . 'iji
&& . I;-,
i-'-f" -. '&
ably and easily a a juggler' keeping
seven balls In the air. and usually die
of exhaustion caused by their efforts to
avoid making enemies. The difference
between a tactful person and an ordl-
"It is sl tacfu! in roUti."
nary liar Is chiefly the fact that the
former gets more excitement out of It.
A little tact Is humane and profitable
In many cases, but people who strive
to rise by tact alone would stand a bet
ter chance of climbing up a mountain of
(Omrriiht. Ul. bj Gnxa MsUkv Aduns.)
colored, entering the home of Haul?
Fountain, colored; William West, col
ored., maliciously and feloniously cutting
John Stamps, colored; William Oe-hlert
and Samuel W. Harris, larceny of J3S3
worth of clothing from the Chesapeake
and Ohio Railroad Company.
It Is expected that Judge Barley will
Instruct the Jury to also investigate the
personal tax returns made recently by
ote of Alexandria.
A large crowd to-night attended the
opening of the bazaar at the Young
Men's Sociality Lyceum Hall under au
spices ot the local branch of the Holy
Name Society. The hall has been dec
orated for the affair and the various
booths presented a very attractive ap--pearance.
Every evening during the
progress of the bazaar' there .will be
dancing, beginning at M o'clock.
Workmen to-day began laying the as
phalt block in the square in Washing
ton Street between King and Prince
Streets, and upon the completion of this
square the brick will l laid on Urn
square south of it on that thoroughfare
between Prince and Duke Streets.
One of the largest dockets In the Police
Court this year was presented this morn
ing, when forty-three cases were called.
Of this number twenty-live were cap
tured in a raid made at tSO o'clock Sun
day morning by Scrgt. Scott and Police
men Kerns. Roland, and Nicholson in
the house of Alice Kitts. colored. Sv
eral of those taken forfeited collateral
and tho rhcrs were fined J.1 each.
An Illustrated lecture was given to
night at Christ Eplscoral Church parish
hall entitled "The World In Baltimore."
A large congregation was in attendance.
A grand Jury in the Circuit Court for
Alexandria County to-day returned sev
eral indictments in criminal cases pre
sented. VACANCIES IN HEALTH SEBVICE.
Examination lip Held November
11 for Eight Positions.
Toung graduates of reputable medical
colleges with a year's'hospltal 'experience
or two of private practice are eligible for
examinations to be held November 11 to
fill eisht vacancies in the Public Health
Service. The positljns pay CW4 a year,
and an additional 330 a month when
quarters are not provided by the govern
ment Examinations will be held In this city.
New York. Chicago. New Orleans, and
San Francisco. Those who are accepted
will bo given the rank of assistant sur
geon. BOY SCOUTS GET BUSY.
Local Patrols Flan Onllngs and
Hikes far Fall Season.
A renewal-or activities In the ranks of
the Boy Scouts has come with the fall
months, and many plans for outings and
"hikes" are s being formulated by th
boys. The first of these will be held
next week by the members of the T. SI.
C. A. patrol. The company of about
eighty-five boys will make the trip to
Scout Cabin on the Great Falls car line
Just beyond Park Station and many
others of the Washington patrols are
planning similar trips.
After some time spent In England in
the study of the Boy Scout movement.
Samuel A. Moffat national scout com
missioner; has returned. He has ob-
Krved. he says, that the qualities of
resourcefulness. Initiative .and self-re
liance are developed to a. greater degree
In the American boy than In'the English.
The English boy, he states. Is better
versed, however, in the arts of wood
craft Names of linden streets are crten iwintal on
the !i ct the houses mil when the letters "
off a ralntT renews tbera and frequently makes
a mistake In neulnz. A moremeot i now nnrter'
T for nouorm atmt vamrrJates.
Coamofjwlltan . .
Raviaw of Ravlawa
American ... . .
riiblishm rrfce. WO: CTib prit after ZVoiemtxt
1 ROk, Send fnr lift of napiim that adnmca-ia
tiJca Jbrttmbrr 10 from IJ to II rrr cent. Snbacift
now and set the benefit of low nrliwa, ntcrttttou
mar ba new or renewal! ; start with asy lasoa and b
sent to dlfferrDk names. I ran dopUeata any. offer
raada br anj publbdier or agency. Call for freo bmc
azlns aamfSe. UroVr Xnau sift now. n
JAMES -S. FRASEat.
11 Ik ana GUta,
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