Newspaper Page Text
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illF - e tor3r Qf a wonderful
j little city,, the citizens of
which lived in the glory of the
' v past for many years. Awak
ened from .their reveries by
the march of progress, they
have built a modern commer
cial city with a glorious future.
THE IDEAL CITY OF THE OLD NORTH STATE
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F AyETTEVILLE, 5
IT IS a common belief among those who have never visited a little
town below the Mason and Dixon line that the little towns of
the .South are veritable "Sleepy Hollows;" that a modern idea
has never penetrated their midst, and that the average merchant
dozes on a bench on the sidewalk in front of his store during the hours
of "the day that should be devoted to commercial activity. It is also
a popular belief that the tranquillity of these towns is oniy interrupted
by the song and laughter of the happy negro, .that they have never
heard of Broadway, and that the visit of an Uncle Toms Cabin
company is an annual treat. Writers of fiction and contributors to
magazines of humor have done more
body or anything.
In order to dispel the illusion
and for the purpose of disseminating the truth regarding the smaller
towns of the South, the following
Some Early History
Before proceeding with the story of
Fayetteville as it Is to-day, with its
great railroads, large manufacturing en
terprises, handsome retail stores, mod
mi business structures, and superb resi
dences, it may interest the reader to
learn something of the early history of
Cumberland County and its metropolis.
Cumberland County was formed in 1751.
from the upper part of Bladen, and de
rives its name from the Duke of Cum
berland, at that time very popular as
n brave officer in England. It Is su
uated a little eastward from the center
of the State.
Fayetteille was settled in 1762. It was
first called Carapbelltown. then Cross
Creek, and in 17St. its name was changed
lo Fayetteville. in honor of Gen. Lafay
ette, a naUve of France, who perilled
his life and fortune in the cause of
liberty. He was a major general in the
American army, fought in her battles,
was wounded at Brandywlne. and, hav
ing aided in the freedom of this coun
trv. he returned to his native land.
Cumberland County early pres-nted a
firm devotion to liberty. There is. to
dav. in Fayetteville. a tringular plot of
ground, at the intersection of Bow and
Person Streets, designed by signboard
as Liberty Point. It is said that at this
point, on June ZX 1775. the Whigs of
Cumberland, under the leadership of
Robert Rowan, assembled and adopted
resolutions declaring for independence.
The first session of the State Legisla
ture was held here, and it was here,
in ITS), that the Constitution of the
United States was adopted.
The beginning of the city of Fayette
ville was the settlement of a. shipload
of Highland Scotch near the mouth of
Cross Creek in 1735. Cross Creek was
so named because of two creeks which
meet and part at right angles, coming
together again. At a !oiiit on this
creek, near the center of Fayetteville.
Is a spot marked as the one time home
rf Flora McDonald, the noble and beau
tiful girl who saved the life of Charles
Edward, after the defeat of the troops
at Culiodcn. Of- the romantic Incident
'.n the life of Flora McDonald. Wheeler's
History of North Carolina gives the fol
'owing: "Embarrassed by pecuniary matters at
home, and encouraged by the reports of
the numbers of their countrymen nlio
had flocked to the Cape Fear, in 1773, Al
lan McDonald and his wjfc Flora left
Scotland, and landed in North Carolina.
They took up their abode In Fayette
ville. The history of Flora McDonald
had been connected with the escape of
Charles Edward from the English. The
Pretender had sought concealment in
the highlands of Scotland. A price had
been set upon his head, and he was
hunted from mountain to dell, and from
crag to cavern. Escape seemed impos
sible. Flora was on a visit to this part
of Scotland from Millbury. on her re-,
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that exists in the minds, of many,
story of Fayetteville is printed:
turn from Edinburgh, and it was sue
gested that the prince should be array
ed In female clothes, and return with
Flora as waiting-maid. But even this
step was dangerous and difficult. Every
place was watched, and every piss
guarded by the troops of the Duke of
Cumberland. Flora's own father-in-law,
Capt. Hugh McDonald, was one of the
officers in the search. She, however, ob
tained from him a passport for herself,
her youthful companion. Neil MacDon
ald, and for Betty Bourkc. a stout Irish
woman, and three others.
"On 2Sth of June. 1740. they embarked
from Cist Tor the Isle of Skye. After much
danger they land at Kilbride, In the
parish of KilmuIr.V. where they stopped at
the house of Sir Alexander MacDonald.
the l.alrd of Sltite: the laird was from
home anil the house was filled with of
ficers, who were in search of the royal
fugitive. By advice of Lady MacDon
ald, to whom Flora confided her secret,
she set out with her suite forthwith.
iiiuusu many dangers nora accom
panied the prince to Portaree, and there
For this escapade Flora was arrested
and tried, but her youth and her chiv
alric daring created a strong feeling in
her faor and she was set at liberty,
afterward coining to Fayetteville.
Oen. Lafayette visited Fayetteville on
Ji.ircn ana o. IC3. In honor of the
distinguished visitor, a ball was given
in the "new Lafayette Hotel."
On the 15th of May, 1S31. Fayetteville
was almost totally destroyed by fire. A
fire engine used at that time, a Boston
contribution, is Mill in existence. Cotton
mills were operated here in IMS. In
12 there were seven cotton mills, all
of which were, a few years later, burned
down by Sherman. After the disastrous
conflagration of 1B1. the town was re
built only lo be wiped away in the same
manner In lRir..
lTndauntd by these reverses, the In
habitants went at It again, and in 153
the old town presented a bold front, in
whieli year Oen. Sherman made his mem
orable visit and again destroyed the
greater part of the town. The Fayette
ville Observer, re-established and abreast
of the times to-day, was the first Insti
tution in the town to have the torch ap
plied to it during Sherman's visit, be
cause of activities that were unpopular
with the general.
For a number of years after the close
of the war. the old town rested In a
tate of decadence. Left stranded and
pauperized, many of the inhabitants left
for greater pastures. The few remain
ing, struggling against great odds, be
gan to build. Theirs was a deep-rooted
faith in Fayetteville. inspired by the
knowledge that they possessed a river
navigable direct to the sea, rich soil and
an ideal climate. For many years lit
tle progress was made until new blood
began to assert itself. In 1S30 things be
gan to hum; In 1300 it was hum and buzz,
and in 1312 well, wc respectfully refer
you, dear reader, to the following epit
ome of glorious achievement.
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They Go Forward;
As She Is To-day
The population of Fayetteville was, in
1900. 4,700. The census of 1910 glve it
a population of 7,023. This does not in
clude the mill settlements, situated just
outside the corporate limits, that claim
to be. and really are. Integral parts of
Fayetteville. The population of the town
is rightfully placed at 12.000.
The town owns and operates its pub
lic utilities, furnishing light and power
at a lower rate than any other town
in the State. The most remarkable fea
ture of this municipal ownership Is the
fact that these utilities, after supplying
the municipal needs, produced net earn
ings In the sum of J15.0S0.11 last year.
They have also produced handsomely
each "ear since establishment, last year's
earnings being but a slight Increase over
the preceding year.
The assessed property valuations here
were, in 1903. J2.000.000. In 1910 the as
sessed valuations increased 'to $3,300,000.
The tax rate for all purposes Is Jl per
hundred and the assessments against
property is not over 60 per cent of Its
Fayetteville possesses an unusually
healthful climate, the average mean
temperature being CI degrees. The death
rate is twelve per thousand. The city
is situated at an altitude of 230 feet
The city has an excellent sewerage sys
tem. Good drinking water is abundant
and chemically pure.
The street railway system, establish
ed about five years ago, traverses the
entire business section of the town and
extends to the suburban residential dis
tricts. The principal streets of the city
are pared with bltuiithlc The sidewalks
'- tv Pstea, nrrtt-TOt.
are also paved and broad and smooth.
During the past twelve months, three
miles of sidewalks were laid (grano
lithic) in the residence section.
Fayetteville Is the home of the Ia
Fayctte Mutual Life Insurance company,
a three-year old institution that now
has more than J3.0U0 of Insurance In
force, and bids fair to soon rank as
one of the large companies of the South.
The organization of this company Is Just
another Instance of the enterprise of
Fayetteville's citizens, and evidence of
their business sagacity.
A study of the marvelous growth of
Fayetteville during the past ten years
will develop nothing that points out more
forcibly the advancement of the town
than the comparltive bank conditions.
The hanks of Fayetteville ten years
ago stood approximately as follows: Cap
ital and surplus. J2Q0.0"9; deposits, 133.
090. A recent statement shows the fol
lowing: Capital and surplus. J400.000: de
posits. J1.DS0.0C0: total assets. J2.$30,000.
The freight receipts have quadrupled
during the past ten years.
A study of these figures. Mr. Reader,
should tend to Impress you with the fact
that Fayetteville has been aroused from
the lethargy that once embraced It, and
has fully recovered from the setback it
experienced after numerous disastrous
misfortunes. Its present day actlUties
and prosperity fully vindicated the judg
ment of those who placed their faith In
the child of their heart that for years
was buffeted from pillar to post. Those
who stood by the town, suffered many
heart-aches during a bitter struggle for
recognition, and it must be gratifying to
them now, and a source of much pride.
to know that their efforts have been so
The Rapid Growth
Of Postal Receipts
An unfailing .indication of the growth
and prosperity of Fayetteville along
business lines la the rapid development
and extension of the postal service.
A few years ago the poat-offlce was
located In a small rented building. Its
employes numbered two. and the cost of
maintaining the service wa a little
more or less than J2M0.
To-day it occupies a handsome pubUc
building, its employes number fifteen,
and .the cost of maintenance Is J16.725 per
annum. This does not include eight rural
free, delivery carriers, who so out front
this office, and whose service ! main
tained at a cost of S8.000 annually.
The poat-offlce receipts, in 1900. were
$6,824.47, and in 1911 amounted to approxi
mately $27,000. The Increase shown la of
amaxlng proportions. During the past
decade free city carrier service has been
extended . to the rural population, giving
them practically the same mall facilities
as thosa enjoyed In thedty.
xne mayetteviiie posi-omce ouncuna.
erected at a cost of about 170,000, la one
of the pride structures of the town, and
the equal la, beauty of any similar In
stitution in the State.
Climate and Soil
Of This Section
Because of tie fact that' Eastern North
Carolina has a great variety of soil, a
good type mar b found la this section
for almost any kind of farming. Lands
In this section can be lmught very cheap
at a price ranging from J3.00 to J30.CO
an acre. These lands are worth four
times the price asked and are offered
at a rldk-uloufly low price only because
these people need population to Intelli
gently cultivate them. In the not dis
tant future the people of the North and
the Wc.'t are going to awaken to the
golden opportunities that lie .in this sec
tion of the United States and the soon
er they do the quicker they will lay the
foundation of future independence.
No section of the Union offers a broad
er or more complete field, from a horti
cultural standpoint, than Eastern North
Carolina. The coastal plain with Its
level, sandy loam, easy of cultivation, re
tentive of moisture, is admirably adapt
ed to the production of early vegetables
for the Northern markets. Among some
of the truck crops of this section are
the following: Irish potatoes, sweet po
tatoes, lettuce, cabbage, onions, cucum
bers. English peas, tomatoes, string
beans, cauliflower, lima beans, beets, cel
ery, asparagus, egg plant, kale, spinach,
watermelons, and cantaloupes. The fol
lowing are also successfully cultivated
here: Cotton, wheat, corn, oats, pota
toes, and forage crops. The following
fruits are generally grown In this sec
tion: Apples, peaches, pears, plums,
quince, cherries, grapes, strawberries,
blackberries, raspberries, and blueberries.
The raising of live stock ran be suc
cessfully carried on here. This section
abounds In natural grasses, and cattle
make their entire living for the whole
year on these ranges.
The following extract from a communi
cation written by Prof. Charles Hallock.
M. A., is taken from a recent issue of
"It was several years ago discovered,
and subsequently confirmed by the
United States Weather Bureau, that
there is a belt some 200 miles wide be-j
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tween the Piedmont Plateau and the
ocean, in North Carolina, and approxi
mately within the seventh-sixth and
elghUeth meridians, which Is but Uttle
affected by violent atmospheric pres
"It Is In an almost constant state of
quiescence, the air currents seldom ex
ceeding a breese lust enough to detach
dead limbs from the superannuated trees.
The storms which sweep up from the
Caribbean Sea In the hurricane- months
give It but a comparatively mild shock.
while the cyclone areas leave It pracU-
cally Immune. Just aa eddies form In
bends or sinuous water courses, so an
atmospheric eddy forms In the elbows
of Cape Hatteras. Precipitation of rain
and snow is ample, but never excessive;
the temperature Is modified by cooling
Intervals; purest of water flows from
the foot of hills; sub-tropical vegetation
the palmeto and cactus hobnob with
the boreal Junipers and pines. Sanitar
ians have hastened to utilize these cli
matic advantages In the interest of in
valids and patients, and more than one
Plnehurst spread out its beneficence
over favored locations of this peculiar
area. A recent statement declared that
these resorts cannot accommodate one
halt of the annual applications.
"Combining all these sanitary advan
tages, and supplemented by most charm
ing environments of woods, hills, and
water spaces, Fayetteville. In Cumberland
County, stands conspicuous and ever
attractive. For thirteen years I have
made some portion of this phenominal
atmospheric eddy my place of winter
residence, after testing all the n sorts
between Norfolk and the Rio Grande,
with comparison In favor all told, of
Water and Rail
Fayetteille is destined to become a
great comraerical center. Of this there
is not a question of duubt in the mind
of any sane person.
Fayetteville is located" on the main line
of the sreat Atlantic Coast Line, just
midway between New York and Florida.
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It l the Southern terminus of the Ra
leigh, Charlotte and Southern. ah-o the
terminus of the Aberdeen and Asheboro
Railroad, whieli in itself is a connecting
link between two of the South's greatest
railway systems, the Atlantic Coast Line
and the-Seaboard Air Line Railways, and
is at the head of navigation on the Cape
The canalization of the Cape Fear
River, now- under way and to be com
pleted within eishtcen months, spells
more for the future greatness of Fayette
ville than any other project, proposed
and achieved, in behalf of the town.
THE T0LEE, EAST AND HOLT KILLS.
For this work the United States govern
ment has appropriated $03,000. whtch on
completion will give the river a depth
of eight feet the year round. By this
stupendous work Fayetteville will be
come the entrepot of Middle. Northern,
and Western North Carolina. Lower Vir
ginia, and Upper South Carolina.
Before deforestation had interrupted
the year-'round navigation which for
merly existed on this river, and the over
working of the railroad idea had in
creased the effect of the Impediment,
Fayetteville was the market for all the
vast territory that lies about It. Tho
canalization of the river will re-establish
trade routes along logical lines and
set Fayetteville in Its proper position as
the great commercial center of this sec
tion of the cbuntry. On the completion
of the Inland waterways boats that can
ply the river will be enabled to navigate
to such points as Baltimore, Philadelphia,
and Boston, bestowing added Importance
on Fayetteville, the future greatness of
which at present is Inestimable.
The advantages of Fa etteville's
transportation facilities should be obvi
ous to the manufacturer and farmer
The town is not "bottled up" and de
pendent on the good will of one railway
system, but offers numerous means of
transportation at a low freight rate The
advantages held out by Fayetteville
thould be investigated by the manufac
turer, wholesaler, and farmer, and In
each case should prove profitable.
Big Cotton Market
As a cotton market. Fayetteville as
sumes a place of importance among the
towns of North Carolina.
Cotton finds a ready sale on this mar
ket because of the large number of buy
ers located here having numerous do
mestic mill and export orders. Approxi
mately 33.&rt bales of cotton were ma -keted
here last year, and the aerasft
for the past ten years Is about 2T " t
bales. The activity of the Fayett',lt
bujers In securing large and diversified
orders creates a demand here for a
grades of cotton at all times.
W. A. VANST0RY.
The Fayetteville market draws its cot
ton from a large area, and cotton an ba
secured here for the best mills in the
country. The product marketed here pos
sesses generally a clean, pearly colored,
fine tibercd and strong staple, fully 1 to
1 1-s inches In thlcknes. The average
grade is strict middling and it 1" highly
prized at numerous Eastern mills Tue
planters in this section aerase a bale
to the acre. A studious and practical
farmer can obtain two bales from an
Cotton is the one crop that can
Continued on Next Paste.
-phatu to Pttoa. rtrttUrajm.