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'Wwjdrow Winon lias ortl
pntapa iwcoMctofflfly, ,-
IvtkclcM auafnllr and atndloaaiy for
Im;Wi K amKad OlBca hi VlD
vsv-gr - . -
,-K cumin on Much next.
iv-jSlhtTB' hti nerer ieen a elow te
S?Cti Jmrtcn Tmlltlcl ajtaln ataca Bua
ISgUfiMi and XadlMn. - Te notfctaB
Kr? stent Cnmcaa or th White Boos that
, win takn him imtlr hy aDnrlaa. -At
a lh acs iDf twenty-nine ne diui iram
.. - i ul
kvJl"--, oollexe iheiU that showed Wm tqvM
5. "- SL .- ai - II ' I !!
Tan i Mii un . - rr -
umti of onr National LiltW
erer had- In later-yesrs h turnad
Ms sharp scrutiny upon the whits noose
'and wrote the most lnformln and V
lumlBatme treatlsn on the powers and
Iltnltatlona of the President that Bare
ever been published.
Aside -from these special lnvestlfatlOBS
i sknio iif ! been a' Ions; and eat-
tmmnmavb atudr of the American people
u . a.i (l M kIIMmI MlatlAM
' Indeed, vera inoae 01 bim utu4.
" 'bexore "T1-
ls arandfathsr. James wllssn. was
born In Ireland. He emigrated, to Amer
ica about a century ago and .settled' to
Philadelphia, which was the- eapttftl of
the United States at that time. One of
the leading Philadelphia papers of that
period wss the- -urors." lamamiif
reraon'a neraonal organ. James wuson.
being's printer, obtained employment on.
this paper and. Deing a nara wonaa.
thrifty man, acquired Its ownership and
became Intimately acqnslntefl with Jef
he rapidly growing West began to
cast Its spell orer James Wilson and
accordingly. "In 1S30 or thereabouts, bs
moved to Steubenvllle. Ohio, where he
founded the "Western Hersld." He soon
became a power In the Democratic party
In Ohio, and was known throughout the
State as "Judge Wuson.
Barlr Life of Woodrow Wllsoa.
It-waa here, amid these surroundings of
hardy and vigorous pioneer life, that Jo
seph B. Wilson, the father of the President-elect,
was born and grew to man
hood. Joseph R. Wilson began his. career as
a -teacher, first In an academy, then In
Jefferson and In Hampden-Sydney Col
leges. Hla natural taste, however, was
for the ministry, and after careful pre
naration he entered the Presbyterian
pulpit. About this time he -married Janet
Woodrow. daughter of the Presbyterian
minister at Chilllcothe. Ohio. She has
been described as a remarkably pretty
and charming woman. She was born In
.Carlisle. England, but her father came
to America, when she was only a few
Woodrow Wilson was born In Staunton.
Vs.. In 1SDS. during Christmas week, and
,the cheer of that occasion has never left
him. He will be the "eighth occupant of
the Whits House from the Old Dominion.
About two years after Woodrow Wil
son's birth his father accepted a call to
the pastorate of the Preebyterlan Church
'of Augusta, Gs., where he remained
throughout the civn war. This was one
of the most Influential congregations' In
the South, and" the elder Wilson was
recognized as oflspf the leading divines
:cf the South.
Woodrow was only five years old when
'the -war 'broke out. and aS Augusta was
not the scene of any actual conflict, the
boy knew little sbout whst wss going
on. He was also shielded from the
stormy passions and violent prejudices
Ot the war. and grew up Into manhood
y.tinwarped by section hate.
Sot av yonthfnl Prodlcy
The elder Wilson did not force the edu
cation of his son. He took him on long
'journeys about the city, vtsttlne; factories
and .inUinlnr to him how cloth was
made. Ho also read to him by
the hour. But the boy himself did
not learn to read until long after
,the average age when children are
supposed to read. This is rather re-
.mmxkabt when one thinks of the omnlver
ous appetite for books the President-elect
has always had. But when he did learn
to read he more than made up for lost
'time. He is at the present time one of
the most widely read' men in this or any
In the autumn of 1S70 the Wilsons moved
to Columbia. S. C, and three years later
Woodrow, who was then seventeen, began
his scholastic career at Davlc -ion College.
While this Institution was rather obscure
-'as eomnared with the great colleges of
'the North. It was deliberately selected by
,thelder Wilson as the starting point ror
his ton's college work, because of the su
perior character of its fsculty. Davidson
la. still flourishing and Is now well
.equipped, but at the time Woodrow WU
uson attended there- It was rather primi
tive. The boys took care of their own
.rooms, filled their own lamps, cut and
carried In their own wood, and brought
water from the old pump. About the only
record young Wilson seems to have made
at Davidson was the ability to dress,
cross the campus, and get Into 'his seat
at the chapel quicker than any one else.
He Is said to have accomplished the feat
on several occasions before the chapel bell
VHe I remembered at Davidson as a
pleasant-mannered, engaging young man
-who did not seem to be very much Inter
ested In 'outdoor sports, which, at-that
time consisted of baseball and "shtrmy."
He did play baseball on the college nine
'for a time, but his record perhaps would
not excite the envy of Ty Cobb.
Strong? Personality of Wllsoa.
.Wllsonlwas at Davidson but a year.
The following year he remained at
home, the elder.. Wilson In .the mean
time having moved to Wilmington. This
,year ,,he spent In preparation for ex
trance into a Northern university, and
in entertaining his younger brother.
- In September UTS Woodrow Wilson en-
There were IS youngroen,ln the class.
-& .T j. imam h -wii Prinrtnn lmA hen the
rt 'mint favored Northern college among
the- young men of the 8outh but after
IS'i.'.tha' war their "numbers began to fan off
"i4" and .at the time wuson enrolled, very
vL Jew of the students hauefl -from south
-i .. . otthe Mason. and Dixon line.
if. " tihi next President Is a' man who in-
zT stlnctlvcly balks at doing things simply
S. because ' they have been dona .before.
," . upon hls own personality and Indlrid-
XtWW M." WM VHM. V --.
PS i-n.llrv. At the time ha entered Frtoee-
sS .ton that institution was Justonei'sf. the
L'SS1 -educational mills. Young Wilson refused
?4&- 1? ID B1E KBUSIJ. U IUV BWV. WM M
?&?.. around out. He had not been at Prksoen
5i T -. 1. t.. Ml. .. . iMfr'-A
&& MHI MWS wuo no mm imjtn, wf-
"?; a '.warned xoroo. aaa tt wm ed mm m
s . - . r .- ...-.-ma- - ...
il!-'-n PUDOC nasi xo una am jus so tae
:i w, --! az ui oouwry.
154? IThls determination cam with a thrifl
!f mtmm .f VI1 MM tkft .ni4HMf. 1lM4ta
U&sset; presenting la. graphic mngnage
EJci'," thai-dramatic .scenes .enacted ,1a that
.'. Wfc.-. V..-M . V.M.-
swtyr.iHa-jpsrer rorg-tae stctara.- ne
1 1. ---. . i . . udoo this sabJeot-aatt
I". ... ..- . .a --- triYnt-thmtmrnvrritt-lmimi
ii:Tui never wavered in. msaetem
leas wartc to- the task rot mtfayr
forpablie Ufa, f i-
.Hovota an Ma
faealty as penessil to tos nralshtng
aaa the trauias; of. hla mind to the sM
Omt fc ssHrat U an anssarlrr a sv-
wntaSnl and .the hlstorr of gtivsmwssat
as ji a leader to the.Oalra of. am
' No inaji ever MbeHsd Uaweli to stera
er'dlsolpHse "or worked more ataadfastly
toward' a fixed .goal. He first taught
himself tt writ shorthaad In order that
he mlfnt make rapid dtcasts of what ha
read and heard.- He also practiced com
poattloa assiduously and extsmporaneens
speaking that ha might be skilled and
ready,tn oS-kand debate! -
' In those, days he was not retnarkabty
ready In extemporaneous speaking. To
day he Is without a pear in 4he aatloa
In 'the art. There have been Terr 'few
men in" puMIo llfs. who. have dared to
trust themselves to deliver Important
speeches without 'Carefully writing them
out: but to get, Mr.- Wilson to ,wrlte
speech in advance is dlfllcult.
During the' 'first year , St. Princeton,
Wuson Joined "Whig HaU," the literary
debating society founded by James M.'
Addison. Its rival society at' Princeton
was "Clio HalL" and the annual Lande
debate, an extemporaneous. discussion vof
a subject given to- the debators a 'few
minutes before the debate -wss to beam,
was the biggest thing in a literary way
at the college. Young Wilson Very soon
established himself as the leading spirit
of the "Whig Hall" society, and was
easily its best debater. To win this -an.
nual deoate. in which three representa
tives from each of the two halls partici
pated, was the thing that Wilson coveted
most. Each hall selected Its debators by
a preliminary contest .within Its own so
As Advocate of Free Trade.
On the evening of the preliminary con
test the subject wss "Protection vs.
Free Trade." The debaters took sides by
lot. Wilson drew a "Protection" slip
from the hat. tore It up, and returned to
els' seat He said nothing under -heaven
cculd Induce him to advance argument
for- a thins: in which he- did not believe.
and the Lynde prise went to some one
Wilson did not shine greatly In hla
regular college course, standing forty-
first In a class of 122. This was the fa
mous class of "79, which included Mahlon
C Pitney, of the Supreme Court Bench.
About thla time his natural aptitude
for leadership began to crop out. and
before his first year was over he was
universally recognised at Princeton as
the leading freshman and one of the
master spirits of ths entire student body.
He later became managing editor of the
Priseetonlan," and when he graduated
his classmates looked to him to rise
higher than any of them.
While at Princeton he wrote a sesreh-
Ing article on Congress,, which at once
stamped him as a youth of extraordi
nary caliber. Thla article was published
in the International Review and in it the
young Prineetonlan pointed out that moat
of the legislative business of the nation
was carried on by small committees be
hind closed doors. This was ths first
time ths matter had ever been brought
home to ths people of the country, and
started inem to oiwuv.
Wilson made the point that toe na
tion's business ought to bs done In the
open, ought to be thrashed out in publlo
discussion. Even at that early day he
lifted up his voice against secrecy. He
declared that was the atmosphere in
which evil and corruption flourished, and
that the only remedy was publicity.
After leaving Princeton Woodrow WU-
son went to the University of Virginia,
that great Institution of liberal learning
founded by Thomas Jefferson. He spent
a year there studying in the law depart
ment under the able guidance 01 ur.
John B. Minor.
Lave for Limericks.
At the University of Virginia Wilson
wss also a leader. He took a more ac
tive Interest In sports. Joined the glee
club, and organized a debating society,
and easily won both the writer's snd the
orator's prizes. Here also he acquired
the reputation of being a great Joker.
He composed nonsense rhymes and lim
ericks with wonderful facility. And to
this day he is fond of a witty limerick.
For example, the whole country will
recall his famous limerick he recited to
the newspaper reporters st Sea Olrt after
his nomination at Baltimore:
Xt a braatr I asi sot a star.
Tbera an ethrm am limilinm by fir.
But my fuse. I don't ndsd it.
For I an behind it-
Tbe vet la front set the Jtr.
In this love for wholsome nonsense and
his keen, dry humor, Mr. Wilson Is very
much'' like Lincoln. He further resem
bles the gfeat liberator In his perfect
simplicity and his democracy;
Young Wuson bad taken up the study
of the law, recognising it as ths most
direct avenue .leading to a public life, Aa
soon as he had "completed hla studies at
Charlottesville he went to Atlanta to
launch hla legal career. Ha Joined part-
nerahln with a youna- man named Benlek.
who had also Just completed his college
work, and the shingle of "Renlck Ik Wll
'son" was swung; out at es Marietta
Marts avt Iatwya.
But the young men wars strangers in
Atlanta. ., Moreover, there wars many
lawyers there, and. nearly every on
bad. a relative practising; lawf'
However, it wasn't so 'sad
might, think this waiting for clients to
turn up because, while he la -ths wait
ing kind,' he invariably works while be
waits. And so he found time to elabor
ate the. article he had written while at
Princeton, into a book. But. he was
unable to find in Atlanta the faculties
he needed' to complete the 'volume, .so
in' the autumn of Uss he. entered Johns
Hopkins University and took up a
course In history and political .economy
under the", .late Herbert B. Adams and
Dr. Richard T. Ely. -
In making 'his investigations Wuson
desired -nothing v but the facts. His re
searches' were -prodigious, and Amhiisa-
dor James Bryca found him or great
assistance while he was camming his
"American Commonwealth." -The, result
of. Wilson's two yearr work at'-Baltl?
more, was us book, -consusalnim Gov
ernment: A Study of the. Government
oy "Committee." , '. r -
ICwss'th first aoeountaver given of
th way" American's sctusfiy 'do 'govern
--'- - --- mm- ,-miimt.
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ossa.betog.iiriigwjsi aa a: fisai staadard
ABar;,iicerrlng. ma .aetTea at Jehns
Hopanns Dr. wnaoBxwas'oaUed to sTprd-
iiiasiiisiiip m ua'nsw oesHiavior.wsaien
ai MrJHBmm,mt. , jt
Bs took advantage of kW.vaestoa.tmit
atatraar to Journey to .BvaBnas.Ga..
it .-ef .scloear -;.eBe, aTlaoi asa
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esi sseat sity.lisa'sw;.L;.-f?.-vr1
to wMeaaagte wa
thah? of Jurlssrudeaea "aad " 1 '
eant. innhs asassii.le.lgl,';at awoe
ji!. II 'II AAA. .. ' -1 - .
- , u-nnr, vjKHj Bjaaeaa aiiiiiiiies
Of Old Nassau and Snt-k-- !, ohalr.
Be aeeaated with arida aad lav.
Forrtbe next twahra' vaara. JMSi an' lgML"
Dr. Wllses. leetared to Ms rlsssis at
Princeton, worked ftm'Mm' hMory. "A
History f Vm amerteaa Paepls.r sad
added dairy to hla rsaatatlosj at kasas sad
abroad. Prlnoeton had never before saea
anything, llsw-hls-classesi Hto lectures
were so popular that aaarlv evarv stn-
dent wasted to take Ids cum. It waa
a aaltroccnrresoe forthe members of his
class to, rise jts' their feet at the conclu
sion of his lecture sad cheer him to the
echo until he bad passed out of hearing.
FresMasit at Fxraeetoa.
In IMI 'Dr. Wilson was elected Presi
dent' of; Princeton. A change was sadly
needed W ths administrative affairs of
the university, and the trustees recog
nised Vr. Wilson as the man. to effect
He had hardly assumed his new offlce
before ha found himself confronted. with
a most trying situation.
- Princeton has1 been, called a country
club for rich men's sons. However
much or little It deserves this appella
tion, the fact remains that" It possesses
mors exclusive dubs than any other
great Institution in the country. There
Is a whole street of them and vet their
total membership is confined to SO. These
ciuds are composed exclusively of men of
the two upper classes. This aristocracy,
abhorrent to the American spirit and
equally abhorrent to President Wilson,
had flourished at Princeton for years
until that institution waa little more than
a lounging place for the gilded sons of
the rich. Dr. Wilson went in to change
the whole thing. He proposed the es
tablishing of the students In quadrangles,
each to be composed of a certain number
of students from each class, together
with preceptors. In other words, be
tried to inject democratic spirit into ths
Immediately he waa denounced as
"leveller." a 'socialist," a man who
wanted to "make a gentleman chum
with a mucker." At first the trustees
had approved the "Quad" plan by vote.
but when this storm of protest snd
abuse broke they were frightened into
withdrawing their approval.
Then there was the long fight over ths
graduate college, in which a donor want
ed to dictate to the trustees how his
money wss to be used. Dr. Wilson
caused the trustees to refuse the dona.
tlon. and then another storm broke out
over his heed for daring to refuse mm
ey for Old Nassau. But his efforts went
for naught An old graduate of Prince
ton died and left the college three mil
lion dollars for a Graduate College to be
bunt sway from the main buildings. Just
the .outer oxmor had wished, and
because the man was dead his wishes
had to be obeyed and President Wilson
A Ketone Oavcrasr.
His splendid stand for democracy and
his work at Princeton waa not over
looked by the people of New Jersey, who
called him away from the university to
be their Governor and thus launched him
upon a political career which for bril
liance and rapidity of fine achievement
Is unparalleled In this country.
Mr. Wilson was elected Governor of
New Jersey by a plurality of about SO..
on. The platform on which he ran con.
talned much that is called radical, and
up to this time the Governor hsd been
regarded as conservative. But be' stood
squarely on the platform and .devoted
all hla energies snd abilities to the car
rying out of every pledge It contained.
As a natural consequence he at once
found himself opposed by the reactiona
ries in the Legislature, members of his
party .as well as others. The masterful
manner In which the new Governor held
the legislators to the party pledges, bow
ever. In spite of everything they could
do. affords one of the most interesting
chapters in American politics.
He had already notified the people not
to vote for blm unless they wanted him
to be the leader of the Democratic party
m new jersey, ior such ne surely In
tended to be if elected. The bosses paid
little attention to this. They hsd heard
something like It before, perhaps, but
the Governor had scarcely taken his seat
before It was born in on them that he
not only intended to be the leader of
the party, but waa Its leader absolutely.
The Geraa Act Contest.
The most serious clash between the
Governor snd the reactionaries in the
Legislature waa over the primary elec
tion law. commonly called the Geran act
Those who have kept an eye' on New
Jersey politics will recall the dramatic,
although quiet, entrance of Gov. Wilson
Into the caucus of the Democratic mem
bers of 'the Legislature, who had gath
ered to perform' the last' sad rites over
the. Geran act .and tenderly lay It in
Its grave. The -Governor, listened to the
funeral speeches or the various members
until they bad all had their hearing and
then he took, the floor. With not even
so much as a note by which-to guide his
thoughts .thet Governor" talked to those
lawmakers for three hours. Those who
wars present say they will never forget
that; occasion. In -even, conversational
tones; but with a. vibrant, persuasive
quality in his voice that thrilled every
on- the .Governor talked the members
out oft their .'position, tthe -bill waa re
ported favorably;- and .New. Jersey has
an electron law aa advanced as any
State. In the V-tonf . . - -'.". -
In all hla conflicts with' the Demo
cratic-members of the Legislature. .Gov,
Wilson" simply, reminded, them of, the
pledges 'contained in the platform on
which they secured, their office, and
that tt was not their will but the peo
ple s they were there to carry out
. If this, argument did not suffice to
bring them Into, line he would offer
to go. with them into their, respective
districts and debate the matter .before
their clients. - ". .
After-'coml&g In contact a few times
wlths such a will and. character, the
recalcitrant members -threw up their.
hands and told the Governor to so ss
fiar.SjS.bs Hked;'ithey. would oppose him
Than thsNew Jersey Legislature, sbss
tersd -.by . Its Governor, proceeded to
enact, reform measure .after refers. n-amA
uae.ad'.. Before it AluU.caojaded Its
wist sisal on nndsr- Gov. rWHaes.- t etmet
ad ;feto --"-- T-grr i'n:ma.eiins
asvias'-oorrBiKrpTaoiices act- thsceas
sesysrs" UaJWssy ,aet a.moeti sstcaUeat
svslta BtiUtSe .aat- a. niaalesssJ-'com-IswoaVSBV
eras. sat .taw. .which .gives
i is 1e.a -farm, st gmrassj... M it
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New. Jersey .Osrssajsg-. ..H; was
asout aaa tassat;aswat,-to
at city tltrosjrieswl tito
ke. TaanHjr' -Beam's
Seeing the all-tola at tis eoaalry. ts-
ward their faveMa. tlM-sHtmlrers of
Dor. Wilson ' stead " ratted:
"What's the master. -.wU. vWBsssr far
Fre-Mentr Ths '-aess of that query
spread througtKWt ths sUI8.Tad en
couraging answers gaa ,ta .ooeae. saek
on ths echo. Andrew Ma'etuiallscy was
Mr. Wilson was -.isiis-inr young
isn's -.---- itajrr of the ald-ltoa
Democrats opposed htm before ths Bal
timore convention) and leaders, as weB
as would-be leaders1 to his natty, went
to great lengths to defeat ba'aomtaa
tlon. But his nomination, once, attained.
harmony settled spaa ths 'party, all tac
tions became' reconciled sad- worked for
his' election. '
..As ths fampalgn pi ogreii. 'the Pstoo
cratla candidate loomed larger and larger
In the publlo eye. He won favor every
where by' his masterly way to presenting
the Issues of the campaign and the ex
cellent good temper ha exhibited through
out the hard-fought canvass. His mag
nanimity toward his' opponents won the
admiration of every one, RspubUcaa and
Democrat alike. Ha won golden opinions
for himself at the time Theodora Roose
velt waa wounded by an assassin's bul
let at Milwaukee by promptly -canceling
his speaking dates and retiring from the
stump so long. as Mr. Roosevelt was un
able to take an active part In the cam
paign. Of both Col Roosevelt snd President
Taft he always spoke In kindness and
consideration, thereby setting. aMgu
standsrd of conduct for political candl-
rasallr Ufa of Next PrealdeaT.
The President-elect has three daugh
ters. Miss Eleanor Randolph Wilson.
Miss Jessie Woodrow Wilson, snd Miss
Margaret Woodrow Wilson. These young
women. like their father, are simple in
their manners and tastes. They i
skillful tennis players and horsewomen.
snd are exceedingly popular among their
associates. They have no great ronaness
for formal society or for the limelight
They are modest, amiable, bright young
women, who are thoroughly convinced
that their illustrious father la "the grand
est man in the world."
T. R. CHEERFDL
IN HIS DEFEAT
JHt.1 Omt Stttesent Sayias His
Principle, will Wit in,
Oyster Bay, N. T-. Nov. i. COL Roose
velt Issued the following statement to
"The American people by a great plu
rality have decided In favor of Mr. Wil
son and the Democratic party. Like ail
other good cttisens. I accept the result
with entire good humor and contentment
"As for the Progressive cause, I can
only repeat what I have already so many
times said. The fate of the leader for the
time being la of little consequence, but
the cause Itself must In the end -triumph,
for Its triumph is essential to the well
being of the American people.
(Sisne.) "THBODOR- BOOSgVXXir."
New York. Nov. 8. The heaviest So
cialist vote In the history of the party
was polled to-day. In 1908 Debs, ths So
cialist candidate for the Presidency, poll
ed 430.719 votes. At midnight the returns
indicated that he polled well over 700.000
The Socialists suffered two notable de
feats, however. Mayor Lunn of Schenec
tady, being beaten by Reynolds ths
Democratlo nominee, and Victor Berger
falling of re-election to Congress in Wis
The Socialist vote was heaviest In Illi
nois,, notably In Cook County. In West
ern Pennsylvania, and the Southwest
Returns indicate that James Gregorson.
Socialist candidate for the Legislature In
the McKeesport District of Pennsylvania,
defeated Dr. Steele. Republican.
BABIES BIAMES SPLIT
TICKET FOE DEFEAT
New York. Nov. B. Before leaving Re
publican State headquarters at o'clock
to-night William Barnes. Jr., chairman
of i the Republican State Committee, gave
out the following statement:
The result In the state of New York
demonstrates one thing: That the Roose
velt movement was simply a Republican
bolt and drew to almost no extent from
the Democratlo party. With all of the
frantic efforta that were mads to secure
votes, the 'results show jhat 'practically
none but former Republicans Joined the
.. "The decisive victory of Taft. over
Roosevelt, and, Straus Is a demonstration
that the Republicans of the .Stats-of
New York desired the renomlnation of
President' Taft .and that the delegates
from this' State properly expressed the
preference of the Republicans when a
large majority .of them voted for Mr.
Taft at' the Chicago convention."
Visits Hyattsinlle -ifo
Viscount Butemt" Chinda, Japanese Am
bassador, to the United States,' with, a par
ty: from ths embassy.- visited the polls at
HyattsvOls yesterday, where the Ambas
sador saw: for1 the first tune the inside
workings oft our election machinery. He
waa pleased with the quietness around the
poUv.aad expressed the opinion that the
American way of 'conducing aa election
waa'-smple. " .
Prof. X. Tajlma, a. distinguished Jspa
aese Bjstractor.ln poUtleal economy, sad
stataaJrolMeitsuL. counselor of a the ent-
asjssrwere aissnhers of the.party..'
Futmei,sayec of. HyattsviB iV .
M We Vtsttecs Mgas;saii
bbW C gMIIMgst 1M til sWaVj "-V
5?ffi2rf2aatgS.T5S??ffe S;oulSiSr tegy'ftLg!L'g 5
birth, is a saloa of one of
taVWcaaraad toast notable fen-Mas at
taa OU DssBtotesv
.(.Ths MsrsbalU-' at Virginia, from taa
aaaajaf'tka father at the great-Chief
Jasttea of that s-uaa, nave taken raak
wliaAta Wssslagteas. ths. Randotoaa,
the; Cess aad other families whose als-
tsttar are aart of ths history at
Nate.aad of taa eoestry.
Tea. MHaaalL as as it called
Haas, Is a wssthyeontplemeat to Wood-
rowWBsoa as raaatag mate. I4ka Gov.
wusoa. oov. sfsrasaii is regmraed as a
good" campalgatr. aad .Iks ths New
Jersey --Governor be makes his moat ef
fective-potato In -caustic and -witty apt-
Oov.. Marshall was born In North Man
cheater, Wabash County, Ind., fifty-sight
years ago. His father wss Dr. Daniel
M. Marshall, a physician In comfortable
clrcumstancea. . His mother, who was
Manna s. raneraoa nexora her marri
age, was a direct descendant of Charles
Carroll, of CarroUtoa, a signer of" the
iDeclaretloa of Independence.
la H7l Marshall was graduated from
the waoaan college at Crawfordsvllle.
Ind.. receiving the degree of Bachelor
of Arts. At college he achieved a re
markable reputation for scholarahln.
quaurymg easuy ror rni seta Kappa.
Ms Stadias Uw.
After his graduation Mr. Marshall
moved to Fort Wayne and took up the
study of Uw la the offlce of Judge
Walter Odg. On ths day he was twenty-
one years old, March If. 175. he was
admitted to the bar. Meanwhile he bad
settled In Columbia City. Ind.. and he
baa made his home at Columbia City
It wss not ioag before Marshall began
to display unusual legal ability, and
became a conspicuous figure in the courts
of Northern Indiana.
It was whlls Plsylng the role of a
country lawyer that Marshall wooed and
won Miss Lots L Xlmsey. of Argots,
Ind., in UK. Be snd his wife have
been Inseparable companions, though no
children nave been born to then-
Marshall might have remained a coun
try lawyer but for his sound common
sense In refusing to run for Congress
on the Democratic ticket when asked
to do so In UK, Be wss offered the nom
ination, but he said no.
Hs was urged to run on the ground
that It wss his turn to be elected, as
"every other decent Democrat In the
district" bad been, but he stood firm
and said that be would not consider
polities aa a vocation and would not ac
cept any nomination for a leas office
Governor Marshall's friends call him
a "Progressive with the brakes. set". He
has been Indiana's Governor since IMS.
receiving a majority of 15,000 at the
asms time that the Hoosisr State went
for Taft by 10.000. His election wss all
the more noteworthy Inasmuch as In
1104 Indiana had gone Republican by
mors than KLOgX
The Governor la'a abort, slender, wiry
man with 'keen'eye- There Is little of
the politician about him. In fact from
the moment that be became the nominee
for Governor he was the despair of 'the
party leaders throughout the State. He
did his campaigning In his own way. Jour
neying from town to town with Mrs. Mar
shall and calmly telling the voters what
they might expect If they elected him. He
did not go In for heart-to-heart confer
ences with the leaders, in every town, nor
did he resort to the business of general
handshaking, baby kissing, cigar dlstrib-
"Government is a necessity.
"If a government takes more
;??rr,L.M?1" .s0B r? 2 nriSTL . .d
to effectively and economically conduct its business, then the govern
ment is a thief, and we ought to call in the police."
"If you want to bust a trust,
in the penitentiary."
"I believe as much as any man
"There is no money in honest
office has some one holding the string to his kite."
"Vox populi is vox dei when
"Do not tell me that the humble
to look along the vista of the years and see nothing but a pauper's
grave at the end, while a few men by legislative enactments are en
abled to dwell in marble halls and scatter money like drunken dukes at
"That people is not wise which
The Essence of Contentment
An After Dinner Smoke.
DEER HEAD, 10c
Good For 10 Vote. ' '
AFTER DINNER, 5c
n Good-For SVotes.
v ,' ,50aNinth
sSgii?en on AU FiircliMe.iadeat Above Store, V
- -. --cfh
"-r .T ' 1" " . . T7T TkAM IVJiM
ef tha sHata. however, taat thsv aava
la ta. a sand Piansjisl. latMatars B
was taea that as teak-a stand
Teat Taawart Daa.iara.lH boss
Mats, aa the aiosttea of
UaHad litis isstsr.aad woa eat.. Bis
ninitHa.s, John W.- Kara, who had sea
Bryan's raaalng sarnie at lies, waa to
larsid by tha DaansrsHe State conven
tion aad Htsr Until Senator from la-
'ana I. ssjiala tlssu
of the mors haportant pieces of
leglslstlea enacted during bis seeoad tana
Ratification of ths hvoome tax smaae.-
mentthrsugh ths Federal Constitution: a
resolution for the popular election of
United Statea Senators: a corrupt prac
tice aad campaign contribution publicity
statute: aa employers' liability law otr lib
eral Unas: aboWshing worklngmen's waiv
er and the fellow servant rule; a bill au
thorizing railroad commissions to fix
rates: child labor law; cold storage limita
tions: stsndsnUsstlon of weights and
measures; sanitary-Inspection of school
houses: Industrial Inspection for safety of
factories, mines, and railroads: a law
making block signals obligatory on an
steam aad electric raUways, and a bin for
making uniform the accounting of all pub
lic offices In the State.
Aa early as June, UU, there was talk
of naming the Hooeler State Governor
for President on the Democratic national
ticket While the movement never as
sumed the proportions of a nstiqn-widej
boom, it gathered great strengtn m
MarsnaU'a own State, and thirty Indiana
delegates want to" Baltimore Instructed
for blm ss the "first and only choice"
for the Presidential nomination.
In the course of many speeches Mar
shall has msds clear his attitude on most
of the great questions of the dsy. The
general progressive views, however, do
not carry him to the point of favoring
the recall of Judges or Judicial decisions.
Speaking before the convention which In
dorsed him for President test March, he
"Lincoln held it to be the inalienable
right of an unsuccessful litigant to go
down to the tavern and cuss the court
It is ths theory of .Roosevelt that It is
the right of the unsuccessful litigant to
go down to the tavern and overrule the
court Bitterness of spirit and indigna
tion at what I deem to be judicial m
Justice seize me. Even now I am chafing
under what I conceive to be the unwar
ranted Interference of courts with my
prerogatives. But my sober Judgment,
looking to the permanent good of the
people, compels ms to insist that the
courts must remain free and untram-
meled: that we must first seek reller
through the remedy we now have and
patiently abide the reversal of Judicial
Injustice, until tne provisions oi our
present Constitution with reference to
officials are tried, and until graver evils
arise then have thus far arisen, there Is
but slight demand for the initiative,
referendum and recall."
One of the acts that brought Governor
Marshall Into the publlo eye was nis
honoring of California's requisition for
John J. McNamara. At the moment
there was a deal of honest doubt of lie
Namara'a guilt and It required no small
degree of courage to surrender the man
Into the hands of the California author
ities. Those who criticised Gov. Mar
shall for that act at the time had good
cause to revise their Judgment later,
when the dynamiter confessed.
Sunday baseball waa another question
of Thomas Riley Marshall
It was never intended to be a
from the taxpayer than is necessary
get a lawyer and put some fellow
in vested rights, but not in vested
politics. He who flies high in
the people know what they are
wage-earner of to-day is willing
is not just"
aass gaastT rjt SaaCtXawswSt atcVaaV "VwF '
" 'i7rifislsrsBsMsl-,iitiiiini: 1 r-insSrfBiltiTTisllgamiili 1 1 i ii iTii i fiTwrnWaT ' "v-" -r
want-to Mas for
smr ee-Bea,e task ths stead that Ms
taa matter aaoead not
f-oc-a large nsajortty
elected to seeks the
ha Brat Mt kaMSv: .
tt dad BOt semael - .me a.
aa tW: books jMea toajae Sunday
H. vtaaewpoa we, lega
the BtB aad submitted If i
i be ssawse tt, sotwtthstsastar
tae strong- protest of the strict chares.
las Ioag walks and enema.
tae llbtrature of the uwiMti.
ta fact, readtes. is his chief dtverstoa.
He has the happy faculty of throwing off
awatoasa cares ea leaving the offiae. "
Haed taking aa active part In the poli
tical aaalrs of Indiana he has been nick
named little' Teem." as'a term of affec
tion. He Is as much opposed to physics!
cmHure snd all needless muscular, activity
Governor. Marshall Is a .Presbyterian,
a trustee' of Wabash College and a thirty-third
01 mOiwClATIC VICTOfiY
Indlanapolte, Nor. S. Thomas R. Mar-shalL-
the new, 'Vice President, bad the
following to say at the' State House to
night: "The Democratic victory of to-day
will result in a restoration or represen
tstlve" government la America if Demo
cratic officials, both State and National,
shall constantly remember that legisla
tive duty consists In the enforcement
of the law 'and In the Insistence upon
legislative compliance with Democratlo
platforms and principles, if legislative
representatives will remember that they
are to represent the, people and not any
Interest whatever, snd win. be zealous
to formulate in legislation the principles,
either enunciated In Democratic plat
forms, or growing out of ths basic prin
ciples of Jeffersonlan Democracy, and If
Judicial representatives will give us the
perfection of reason In the light of to
day and not In the light of two cen
turies ago, and shall be content to con
strue and not make statutory law.
"The principles of' Democracy finding
their expression in' representative gov
ernment are now upon trisL This la the
last chance that will be given the office
holder to prove himself the servant and
not the master, of the people unless he
really serves. Falling to guarantee hon
est Individual opportunity to every man
unhindered and unhelped by law, the
people will pronounce representative gov
ernment a failure and will seek expres
sion of Democratic doctrines under some
"The party appreciates the gravity of,
the situation and the sacred burden'
which It bears. It enters not carelessly'
but reverently upon the discharge of its)
duties; It has faith In the people, hope
for the future, and charity for the'
wrongs snd errors of the past It en
ters confidently upon its great mission
with malice towards none, and charity
for au. It seeks peace, not war. but It
knows that peace can only come when
accompanied by her handmaidens. Jus
tice and mercy."
Wt Otra Vetn ta Ths HetaWS fsj.1
No Storage Charges for
able rates fares. Baaltaa.
. SaTS. 1S11 Wm. Awm.
We Otte Vetae is H Hold's S3JB) fuses
No Trips Like These
Old Point Comfort
MODERN PAIACE STEAMERS
"Northland" sad "Southland"
S3.S0 n M Nit Csafsrt is. arfotk
Fridays aad Saturdays Good to
City Ticket Osac. 731 131 a St. X. W.
STHUKI CMILES WMLEJTE1 '
For MOUNT VERNON
. MHBTIIPSOe T8 61TE
IVeavta. swresrtB Street Wharf at M
a. sa. aaa itsa B. ss. oauy unit
day. Cafe aa steamer. A Wlstit.nl
on tha htatoria aad beantlral PotecBU.
ietaantTvaM......Jin. Iifms. LlAieota....!ler. tt
shsksik ana, kou nun only.
awHweTsVSkwra-laTff MftfeV IsldaV tslMI
S. S. MOLTKK Nov. IS. 11 A. St
S. S. CIS CUI If ATI. . ,. .Dec. a, H A. iL
S. I. HAJaarDR(......Jan. 11. 11 A. SL
S. S. Cl.tClKIJIATI (ORIENT
CRUMB, Jan. SS. 18 A. M.
B. S. BAMBVRO Feb. 33. 10 A. M.
WUI not call at Algiers.
HAUBUBaailEBlCAlf UNI. U Bnxlvu.
It. T.. or E. T. Dmg ft Sons Ox. Uth in4 G SU.
BW.S Qesk W, Maav ST Uth lt Wuhlnstoe. D. C
Ussssl Ms Boar, a adantsa.
BT JUrwasT stCaluek atsut nan.
BT OMI (DaUIU LAMDING PASIXOKM
AJTO BaaoaOB DIUICTLT ON THB DOCS
SB aUMUArO.'I WITHODT TBI .
a. a. BnnimiAX u
aOa rnnj vresMestr. U a. H. .
fata Ben. mJB ton aVLuaMot. BOs, .
"KsaH, OeaMs Bottom. Wtrtlew Tttaawsa;
aorrxa Da t-trxi with muvatb bats,
. . .OXCRESTBA.
ncsncra vr BroirjDiAN and axoaBUJi
ASJ.IATati:A.AU.uj-A.UAa. .'t '
W w i B.-OWBO
SuaiDOB odTastsMkte K B-Ca, lC
gNessar. y ffiJjPS&PZ- W? .
LI A. .AA -. A ' A-- f
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