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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, December 03, 1912, Image 1

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HERALD
The Herald has the tergest
morning heme circulation, and
print all tke-aew of the. world
each day, in additioa to raaay
exclusive features.
Fair and colder to-day. To
morrow; moderate west winds.
Temperatures yesterday Max
imum, 59; minimum, 39.
TsT0. 2250.
WASHINGTON. D. C. TUESDAY. DECEMBER 3. 1912. -FOURTEEN PAGES.
ONE CENT.
l
THE
WASHINGTON
4l
CONGRESS
CONVENES
INCLOSING
SESSION
Lively Scenes Mark Opening
in House, Whila Senate
Is Solemn.
"UNCLE dOE" GETS OVATION
That "Old Guard Dies but Never
Surrenders" Shown in Mien of
Defeated Republicans.
POLITICAL LINES NOT DRAWN
Jubilant Democrats Restrain Paean of Vic-
- fory
In Sorrow at the Loss of
Republican Friends.
FOUR GOVERNORS-ELECT ARE CHEERED
Roth Houses Adjourn Early in Respect to
the Memory of Late Vice Presi
dent Sherman.
The Sxts-ieeond Congress turned Into
the home stretch yesterday. t noon In
the Senate, President Pro Tempore Bacon
-afely brought that alreadj orderlj bod)
to order, with a few light taps from an
Ivory gavel head At the same time, in
be House Speaker Clark banged noisily
on a brand new sounding board with a
husky mallet and Informed his col
leagues that a suspension of their Jolli
fication was In order. The third and last
nesilon of tho present Congress was un
der In the two Houses the scenes mere as
different as the natural feelings of the
members would Jtutlfj. The dominant
party In the House congratulated itself
on becoming a component part of a po
litically fnlform administration. The
Republican party In uhe Senate, beside
regretting the death of two of It mot
pisturesque leaders, the late Vice Presi
dent and the senior Senator from Idaho,
faced the realization that they were
preparing for the final period of a domi
nation which has been unbroken for six
teen years.
The result was that in both Houses the
scene was less emotional than is usual
upon a change of administration The
House was watching the final entrance
of members who regardless of political
affiliation, regardless of passages in pre
Ious heated partisan conflict, commanded
the affection of all There mas a subdued
note in the chorus of self-gratulatlon in
the majority part And for the same
reason, as the victorious Democrats In tho
benate survejed in anticipation the rents
which the late national election had ef
fected among their colleageus on the
other side of the chamber the paean of
victory which has rung through their
hearts since November 5. effaced itself
In consideration for the feeling of their
ery good friends, the enemy.
Scene Ik Llvel.
Of course, the scene In the House was
lel and decidedlj Interesting to the
hundreds who thronged the galleries
And the vanquished, not the victors
were the objects of closest attention
Spectators and members alike were more
interested to see how the old Romans
met defeat than in the hearing of the
victors. Would that grand old gladiator
from Illinois, Uncle Joe Cannon, sift In
with bowed head and bent shoulders, or
would he march in with the same length
of stride, the same self-confident aban
don that marked ton fight for the rules
handed to him by the Reed regime, and
by him maintained as Speaker Would
McKinlej and Rodenberg of Illinois. Hill
of Connecticut, Longworth and Taylor
of Ohio, Olmsted of Pennsylvania, and
others who had defied the Progressive
movement and prided themselves 01
their allegiance to the Old Guard prin
eiples indicate In word or action a sense
of wrong or defeat?
They did not.
There wasn't a sprlghtller figure in the
scene than Uncle Joe Cannon when he
marched Into the chamber and Joined
In the general handshaking some fifteen
minutes before the House was called
to order. But was there any significance
in the fact that the first man he em
braced In the real Cannon manner, with
a quick hug. was the Hon Theron
Continued on Fnge Three.
19 DAYS
For Shopping
Before Christmas
PROCRASTINATION is
the thief of time. That's not
all. The one that procrasti
nates is lajing up trouble for
the future.
AVOID. all this, as well as
other embarrassments, by tak
ing .time by the forelock and
be ready to say "Merry
Christmas."
VISIT -Washington stores
now, and then wear the smile
that won't come off on the
great day of the jear.
Washington Herald
MASKED ROBBER
ROUSESINHATES
OF SEVEN HOMES
TwMty-five Defectives Are on
Trail of Amateur Cracksman,
with Record for Speed.
"I'LL SHOOT TO KILL"
Daring Escapades of Armed Youth
Puzzles Police Left $1 for
Women's Breakfast.
Another daring escapade was added
last night to the new-born but sensa
tional cr'mlnai career of the amateur
cracksman who made known his pres
ence In the National Capital jesterday
morning by a display of skill, cunning,
and boldness equal to that of "Jimmy
Valentine" when Miss Ethel Starns. of
937 H Street Northwest, narrated to
the police her encounter with a soft
spoken, slip of a jouth, armed with a
mask, revolver, and flashlight. In the
eerie hours of just before dawn.
"I was asleep when an electric light
was flashed n my face, awekenlng me
instantlj. and sending a thrill of terror
through me," said Hiss Starns, but be
fore I could scream or even move, a
soft, polite, and almost pleasing voice
behind the flashlight said quietly: 'Don't
move or scream or III have to kill
you "
The flashlight suddenly grew dark.
and I heard the owner of the soft, boy
ish voice move across the room I did
not care what he took, so long as he did
not harm me But my aunt. Mrs Mae
L. Watts, had been asleep In the adjoin
ing room and the burglar's threat to me
had awakened her
Heard Him I.enve lloose.
Suddenly I heard her say to me
through the closed door between our
rooms 'Don t worrj , Ethel, I m going
to call the police Hardlj had the words
left her mouth than the burglar crossed
my room, passed through the door, and
vanished I heard him close the street
door as he left the houe "
When Miss Starns reported her en
counter with the amateur cracksman
she added the seventh deed which the
police have chalked against him. Her
report was made last night Six other
reports of similar escapades were re
ceived before noon jesterday by the
police. The new Jimmy Valentine en
tered or attempted to enter seven -houses
between 1 and 4 o'clock jesterday morn
ing But for ail his trouble and daring
the cracksman got onlj- J30t which the
police say Is convincing evidence that
he Is but an amateur
As a consequence the youthful culprit
; now plavins a game of hide and
seek with MaJ Silvester, with all the
odds in favor of the superintendent of
polloc Maj Sjlvester has detailed In
spector Robert II Boardman to the task
of running to earth the joung burglar,
who will be trailed 'by twentj-fire de
tectives in day and night squads
The speed with which the jouth work
ed has caused detectives to wonder In
vestigation has shown that he entered
three houses In tho space of thirty mln-
Continued on Pace Tiro.
JURY DEBATES
SNEAD'S GUILT
Talesmen Unable to Reach a
Verdict in Murder Trial
at Ten o'clock.
Fort Worth, Tex , December 1 The
fate of John Beal bnead. accused of the
murder of Capt. A G Bojce, now rests
with the Jury His case was given to
the twelve men at 5 M o'clock this aft
ernoon, but there was no verdict up to
iv ociock to-night.
Senator Hanger closed for the State.
His denouncement of Snead as the, mur
derer of Bojce. brought hysterical sobs
from Lenora Snead. the little daughter
of the accused man. Her father sat
with bowed head, and his mouth twitch
ed Otherwise he showed no emotion.
Judge Swayne's charge took fifteen
minutes, and he practically Instructed
the jury to return a verdict of first or
second degree murder, and declared no
seir-defcnse could be considered, and
that no evidence showed that Capt.
Boyce insulted Snead before he was
shot.
Mrs Bojce, clad In black, cried all
during the afternoon.
Lena Snead. whose elopement with Al
Bojce brought about his own death, as
well as that of his father. Is In Fort
Worth under an assumed name. She Is
registered at a hotel opposite the one
where Snead is staying She same here
as the onlj- person who could comfort
Lenora and Georgia, the two Snead
children She spent yesterday and to
day at the court house In a room all-
Joining Judge Swayne's, where the
children were brought to her occasional
ly. Two men stand guard day and night,
and no one but Snead and the children
and a few relatives are allowed to see
her.
Snead. with his counsel. Is at his
hotel awaiting word from the court
house. He Is decidedly dejected because
so much evidence given in his favor at
his previous trial was excluded at this.
BELMONT EEPOETED TO
HAVE PAID CHORUS GIEL
$50,000 TOJLEAVE HIS SON
New York. Dec. i Although Aurmt
Belmont, sr, will -not make any state
ment, it is reported that he has offered
financial Inducements to Ethel Loralne
Belmont, the bride of his son Raymond,
to leave the young man and agree never
ti make an effort to see him again. The
sum mentioned Is fcO.000.
Another rumor la that Raymond ha
gone home and that his chorus frlrl -wir
Will ro to Prlnrevill Orei- to II v ri.
a while -with nn. nr hM-lfnrm.p .hnM. I
who married recently and f living on al
'" v
Trial of Judge Archbald
Begins in Senate Torday
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iusi.i: diiown.
Seven Managers or
Impeachment Proceedings of Commerce Court Jurist
Charged with Malfeasance on the Bench.
On the first real business da of the third session of the Sixty-second Congress the Senate to-day will
rcsohe itself into a court of impeachment to trj Judge Robert W. Archbald, United States circuit judge,
assigned to the Commerce Court,
Promptly at 12:30 o'clock this afternoon the seen managers, or prosecutors, of the Housc of Repre
sentatucs will file into the Senate chamber. Counsel for Judge Archbald, led by A. S. Worthington, of
Washington, will be present, and one of the most important works of the present csion will commence.
Two Found Guilts. V-
Judge Archbald Is the ninth Federal
official to be tried by Congress since the
adoption of. the Comtltutlon of the United
Statee. Of the other eight who Were ar-
raigned bj the government only two
were found guilt). These were John
Pickering, United States district Judge
1803-4 and West H Humphrey, also a
United States Judge, who was removed
from office by the Senate In 1SS2.
The government was Incited to proceed
against Judge Archbald on the strength
of charges brought against him bj Will-
lam P Boland. president of the Marian
Coal Company, of Scranton. Pa. Mr Bo
land carried his charges to the Fresl.
denfof the United States, who was so Im
pressed with them that he directed At
tornej General Wickersham to make an
investigation of Archbald a actions while
on the bench
Attornej General Wickersham anpolnt-
rd vvrlsley Brown, a joung assistant in
his office, to make the Investigation and
to conduct the prosecution of the ac
luscd judge before the House Judicial
Committee.
This Investigation opened on May 7 last.
The hearings were conducted publicly
As a result. Chairman Clayton, of the
House Judiciary Committee, on July 8.
presented a unanimous report, demand
ing that Judge Archbald be "Impeached
for misbehavior and for high crimes and
misdemeanors,
In suramins up Its report, the House
Committee had this to saj of Judge
Archbald
Cbarcri 4dlnst Jadse.
"Tour committee Is of the opinion that
Judge Archbald's sense of moral respon
sibility has become deadened He has
prostituted his high office for personal
profit. He has attempted by various
transactions to commercialize his poten
tiality as judge. He has show n an-over-weenlng
desire to make gainful bargains
with parties having cases before him, or
likely to have cases before him. To ac
complish this purpose he has not hesl
tated to use his official power, and In
such he has degraded his high office and
destrojed the confidence of the public
in his -Judicial lntegrltj'."
On July 11, the House voted the lm.
peachment of Judge Archbald by a vote
of zn to 1, and on July U the House
Impeachment charges were formally pre
sented to the Senate, where they were
tef erred to a committee of Ave. On the
following day the Senate was sworn In
as a court of Impeachment, and a sum
mons was Issued for Judge Archbald. The
press of legislation before the Senate.
however, had the effect of postponing
me trial or juage Arcnoaio. and on Au
gust 3. following a long executive ses
sion of the Senate. December 3, 1312, was
set as the date upon which the judge
was canea to answer to the articles of
impeaenment by the House
Article of Impeachment,
The articles of Impeachment are briefly
as ioiiows
Article L That he negotiated with the
Erie Railroad Company- for the nurchaae
or tne Kantydld coal dump for Edward J,
Williams. his hllaina nawvlnto wt.l.h
so thought the committee, was "reprehen
sible and prejudicial to the confidence ot
the American people In the Federal judi
ciary."
Article I. That he Joined with George
. Watson, of Scranton. Pa., in an at
tempt to sell the stock of the Marian Coal
Company to the Lackawanna Railroad.
The coal company was owned by the Bo
land Brothers, who were, at that time,
litigants against the railroad before the
Interstate Commerce Commission. The
accusation of the committee was that
Judge Archbald figured in the negotiation
Tor a valuable consideration."
Article 3. That he soueht to lease fmm
the Lehigh Valley Rallroad.ComDanv
bank In the Glrard estate coal property
near Shenandoah. Pa. At the same time
the railroad waa a litigant before the
Commerce Court.
Article 4. That Judge Archbald soueht
additional evidence from Helm Bruce,
attorney for the Louisville and Nash
ville Railroad, in a case before the Com
merce Court which had been closed and
given to the judges for decision.
ArtIc,e 5- Tnat he used' his Judicial in-
rnntlnn..l d n
- ..p vh a Hc nrv7.
JtiH.R nonRRT w. inciinir.n.
Prosecutors of the
on charges of improper conduct and
LOVE FOR GIRL
TRAPS ALLEGED
COUNTERFEITER
Officers Get Trail of Robert
Sargent, Alias 'The Weasel
Through Romance.
HEAD OF A NOTED HANG
Letters in Raided Rooms Start
Police Search for Young
Criminal.
Philadelphia, Dec Z Through hla at
tachment for a " girl, Robert Sargent,
alias Gilmore. alias "The Weasel," a
notorious counterfeiter and burglar, ac
cording to Federal Secret Service agents.
was arrested earlj to-da" on charges of
counterfeiting Later he was lield un
der COOO ball for court by United States
Commissioner Craig In the Federal
Building.
Sargent, who Is onlj a joung man,
was arrested just as he was going to
speak to a young woman to whom he Is
attached He was placvd under arrest
ty Secret Service Agent Matthew
Griffin.
Sargent Is said to be one of the most
skilful counterfeiters In the country.
a raid on a house in Winter Street, near
Tenth, on November 12, in which Alex
ander and May Garnler were arrested,
correspondence from Sargent was found
Dy tno Secret- Service agertt.
Sargent was known to the police, and
Griffin knew a girl with whom the sus
pect was Infatuated When efforts to
capture Sargent at his home, on East
Harper Street, proved unavailing. Grif
fin shadowed the girL
Early to-day he saw the joung woman
leave her home and go to Fifteenth and
Stiles Streets. The Secret Service agent
followed stealthily, keeping his body in
the shadows.
Griffin soon had his patience rewarded
with the sight of his quarry coming rap
idly toward, the girl he was expecting; his
lace lighted With eagerness. Griffin step
Ted ont from the shadows and placed
him nnder arrest.
Girl Breaks Doirn.
The girl broke dawn at the sight of her
sweetheart being dragged awaj to pris
on, but Sargent took his' arrest stoic
ally. "When he was arraigned before Com
missioner. Cralr. Sdrcvnt did not deny his
uilt.,He protested, however, that the
uarniers were "In the same with him.
It was their arrest that led to his own.
Mrs. May Garnler testified that she
knew nothing of the alleged manufactur
ing of counterfeit coins at her place on
Winter Street. She said she had met
Sargent when aha was a chorus clrl In a
burlesque show.
Ten weeks prior to the raid on the Win
ter Street house, on November 2i Mrs.
Garnler said, Sargent came to the bouse.
He said, she testffled, that he had no
money, and asked her to trust him. She
said she had known him for a long while.
and gave him a room-
She declared that at Sargent's request. I
she had opened his trunk containing varl- la
ous apparatus and metal for use In coun-1
l,f,IK-t. ... 1l. BL. J..I..aI tha'daV '
-.Mju4 uMi uuimrs. cue uv.- .
WILLI 4,31 P. UOLl-VD.
House Will Conduct
malfeasance in office.
did not know the purpose of the apparat
us. She testified that she did not know
Sargent was suspeed of counterfeiting
before the ral Ir. v,hlch she and her
husband were arrested, and the metal
and counterfeiting paraphernalia confis
cated Ila IlMd Eventful life.
According to Secret Service agents, the
story of Sargent s life reads like a page
of Action Of a repected family in Ktn
slngton, as a 'ioy he procured entrance
to Glrard College , The restraint and
discipline proved Irksome to him. and
he ran awaj His disappearance created
a sensation, and newspapers printed long
stories cf it about ten jcars ago. The
police searched eveiywhere for him
without avail
About six months after ail carch was
given up a detective saw the boy, who
was then about fifteen years old. In
company with a well-known counterfeit
er named Charles, Taylor The detective
was on a trollej car at the time, but
alighted and followed the pair to see
what the criminal was doing with tho
young boj" who had disappeared from
home
The boy frequently left his older com
panion and went into stores and shops
of all kinds He would remain there
but a moment and 'then reappear and
Join the counterfeiter After watching
them for some time the detective took
both Into custody.
It was learned then that joung Sap
gent went Into the various stores and
had counterfeit half dollars changed. It
was proved that the coins were made bj
Taylor, and ho was sentenced to serve
ten j cars In tha Eastern Penitentiary
He is still serving his sentence.
Often KolU Police.
It being his flrt offense, voung Sar
gent got off with a light term. When
ho was released from Jail he started a
criminal career on his own accord. Fed
eral Secret Service agents saj. Whether
it was his associations In prison that
prevented his reformation, or whether
tne taste of criminal lire he had received
in his associations with Taylor that
proved a temptation. Is not known
He changed his name to Gilmore. and
in a short time attracted the attentlnn
of the police. He was clever, and suc
ceeded in avoiding conviction for bur
glary on a number of occasions Al-
tnougn tne police suspected him. they
could not get the necessarv Mn
Among hla confederates and pals of the
underworld he became known as "The
Weasel ' because of his ability to slip out
of holes and pitfalls the police dug for
..mi, aim uecause ot nis agility In enter-
ins nouses and stores by crawling
through apertures so-small as to appear
' "iipossioie oi human Ingress.
He turned his attenUon to his first love,
counterfeiting, the police and Secret Serv
ice agents say. and grew to be an expert
In .his line. Half-dollars were his forte,
and ho profited by the example of his
preceptor, who Is still spending his dajs
In the Eastern Penitentiary.
When the raid was made on the 'Win
ter Street house the Secret Service men
In charge were delighted at the evidence
they found there Incrimlnatlnc Simm.
Since that time they .have been searching
ior nira mgni ana day, and only through
his affection for a girl -was he arrested
Secret Service agents decline to give
tho name ot the girl who was responsible
for his arrest.
Juror Drops Dead
When Sidna Allen
Again Faces Court
Wjtheville. Va., Dec. i-Simultaneous-
lj with the opening of the second trial
of Sidna Allen, leader of the Hlllsvllle
gunmen, W. c. Sclbert, one of the Allen
tr'al veniremen, dropped dead to-day.
This time Allen Is charged with the
murder of Commonwealth's Attorney
Foster. H former trial for th mur
der of Judge Massle resulted in a ver
dict of murrlef in the second rt-crn anri
sentence of fifteen vears. Motions, to
quash the Indictment were denied to. I
UNION PACIFIC
STOCK CONTROL
HELD ILLEGAL
Supreme Court Declares Har-
riman Merger a Violation
of Sherman Law.
REVERSES LOWER COURT
Holdings in Southern Pacific to Be
Disposed of Must Submit Dis
solution Plan to Law Bod.
By a decision handed down by the
United States Supreme Court, the union
that has existed for several years be
tween the Union Pacific Railroad as con
trolling factor and the Southern Pacific,
through the ownership by the former of
JlM.f50.OCO of the common stock of the
latter. Is declared Illegal, a violation of
the Sherman act. and a decree will Is
sue ordering the Union Pacific to be elim
inated aa a factor In Southern Pacific
nutters.
Moreover, when the holdings ot South
ern Pacific stock are sold, by receiver
ship sale or otherwise, the Union Pacific
Railroad Company, neither directly nor In
directly, shall have any right to perpet
uate Its ownership
By this decision, one of the masterly
movements OT Edward H. Harrlman. In
the Interest of controlling, to a large
degree, the railroad buslnes of the Pa
cific Coast and the Southwestern sec
tions, was completely undone
'onrt to Pa on Plans.
The Supreme Court declares also that
the evenlng-up process, the liquidation of
the holdings of Union radflc in Southern
Pacific, must be complete, and must have
its approval.
The Southern Pacific Railroad Company
operates 9.S47 miles of lines, from New
Orleans and Galveston to San Francisco
and Portland. Orcg
The court holds that the Southern Pa
cific and the Union Pacific were compet
ing roads before the merger, and that as
such. the merger was illegal.
In handing down this decision the court
completely overrules the decision of the
United States Circuit Court of Utah,
which dismissed the matter and sanc
tioned the merger, the vote being two
to one.
Not only did the cas Involve the right
of the Union radflc to dominate the
Southern Pacific, but it Involved friend
ly relation between the bait Lake
''tchlson. , titer alandincd) and North
ern Pacific, through purchases of stock
In these companies. The court made no
changes In these latter relations, slmplj
splitting wide open the merger of the
two lines
Cannot Ante Stock.
The Union Pacific cannot vote its hold
ings at Southern Pacific meetings, nor
can It receive dividends on the stock it
owns, except to a receiver, who shall col
lect and hold dividends until the case 1
disposed of. The lower court that Is re
versed Is to handle the dissolution
There is another angle to the decision.
The Southern Pacific is the owner of the
Central Pacific, the connecting link of
Continued on Piaore Twelve.
PATRICK WILL
QUIT NEW YORK
Declines to State Destination.
Prosecutor Scores Dix for
Issuing Pardon.
New lork. Dec t, There were three
Interesting developments in the "new
Patrick case' to-day. Thee were
Albert T Patrick made preparations
for leaving the city within the next few
dajs Patrick refused to state whether
hi destination is Philadelphia, where re
sides David J. Short, a manufacturer,
who witnessed the famous forged will,
St Louis where lives his wealthy
brother-in-law and backer, John T. Mll-
Uken. or Texas, where Valet Jones, who
testified against hlra In the murder trial,
is now living
Francis P Garvan. who. with W T.
Jerome and James W. Osborne, conduct
ed the prosecution of Patrick, continuing
his criticism of Gov. Dix for pardoning
Patrick, stated that the Governor's hind
sight Is a great deal better than his
foresight. Mr. Garvan said he favors
a pardon board In this State, as sug
gested by the Governor. Gov. Dix. said
Mr. Garvan. would doubtless be greatly
benefited by the advice of an "intelli
gent pardon board."
"Instead ot pardoning Patrick secretly.
Gov. Dix should have turned the matter
over to a referee, who could have held
public hearings and given the public a
chance to express an opinion." said Gar
van to-night. I do not think Patrick
will dare offer the second or forged will
for probate
"In view of the fact that the surro
gate's action In throwing this will out ot
court was sustained by the Appellate Di
vision and affirmed by the Court of Ap
peals. I doubt vcrj much If any lawyer
will undertake to appear for Patrick In
a contest to have that second will estab
lished as a bona fide Instrument"
The third development during the day
as the discovery among the voluminous
papers presented by r a trick's attorneys
along with the pardon application (papers
which were ordered sealed by Gov. Dix),
of a sensational affidavit swern to b-
Airs. Patrick immediately after she had
returned from a visit to Texas in the
fall of 1910.
On the night of October ZS.' swears
Mrs. Patrick, "I went to the post-office,
then to the telegraph office, and
about 9 o'clock started to go to Mr.
Brockmans office, but desided not to.
as it was quite dark in that neighbor
hood. The first thing P- heard next
morning was that Mr. Brockman had
been shot and killed by Henry L. Ran
some. who was In the company of J. U.
Baker, notn or whom were detectives
at Houston."
AUSTRIAN
ARMIES GET
READYFOR
HOSTILITIES
Tliree Forces Mobilized -Two-
to Be Directed Against
the Russians.
THIRD JO MENAGE SERVIA
Czar Said to Have Gsncentratrt
500,000 Trosfs Behind
Polish Forts.
GERMANY UTTERS THREATS
Imperial Chancellor Declares tie Alliance
wlta Aostrla and Hangarj Re
mains in Force.
SHAFT IS AIMED AT GREAT BRITAIN
Greeks Stand Id Waj of Peace Negotia
tions Counsel Flgit to
a Flolsn.
Vienna, Dec. 2. The official
Beichpost says that Russia has con
centrated 500,000 troops behind the
girdle of the Polish fortresses, and
all the Polish regiments have been
sent either to the Caucasus or to
the interior. Nearly 200 Russian
spies have been arrested in Galicia.
Belgrade. Dec 2. Information
hasTfust reached here as to" the
outlines of the Austrian war plans
and the disguised mobilization,
which is proceeding with greater
rapiditv each dav.
Autria is forming three armies,
two to be directed against Russia
and one against Serv-ia. The first,
or northern arm, is to defend
Galicia. The bulk of this army is
being concentrated in a fortified
triangle formed by Cracow, To
maszow and Prjcimel. Cracow
and Prjemvel are fortresses of the
first class around Lemberg, the
capital of Galicia. Along the fron
tier entrenchments are being dug
and a ast plain is being covered
with barbed wire entanglement to
check a possible advance of Rus
sian caalry, because it is known
that the great masses of Cossacks
and other cavaln are gathered
there.
The second Austrian army, the
eastern one, is gathering in Tran
sylvania and Bakowina. along the
Russian frontier. The third, south
ern army, will act partly front
South Hungary against Belgrade
and Semendria, there to force a
passage over the Danube with the
object of entering the Senian Ma-
ravia vallej, partly from Bosnia
and Herzegovina and operating
against the Western Servian fron
tier and the Sanjak of Novi Bazar.
Germany Warns
Powers to Keep Off
London. Dec t Out of the diplomatic
dueling over the Austrian-Servian con
troversy to-day came the definite warn
ing to all the powers involved that Ger
manj. should the occasion arise, will
draw her sword to assist her allies.
Discussing the Balkan situation in tho
Reichstag. Imperial Chancellor Beth-
mann-HolIweg said:
"When our allies. Austria-Hungary and
Italy. In maintaining their Interests, aro
attacked, although this Is not In present
prospect, by a third party, and therebj
threatened In their existence, then we.
faithful to our compacts, will take their
Contlnned on Pace Eleven.
Mexican Indians
Torture and Kill
More Than 125
Mexico City. Dec i ExtepeJI Indians,
who are on the warpath In the State ot
Oaxaca. have destrojed the town oi
Villa Alta and killed IS perrons'. Men.
women, and children were tortured and
then put to death. Survivors were car
ried off into the Sierra Madre Del Sur
Mountains by tb Indians. The destruc
tion of Villa Alta 'Is believed to be tha
result of the Indians desire for revenra
Xor the burning of, their chief vUlajfjj,
J

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