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THE WASHINGTON HERALD. SUNDAJ. JANUARY 5. 1913.
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New York rCeprescaUUT-. J. C. WILBEBDINQ.
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Chletco BepraraUUte. A. B. KEATOB. tU
SUNDAY, JANUARY 5, 1913.
THE POLITICAL SITUATION.
Senator Baileys earnest protest
against the political tendencies of the
times voiced the sentiments of a very
large number of the American people
who have no sympathy with the trend
toward experimental government His
speech should, and undoubtedly will.
receive wide publicity. Whether it will
be effectic in checking the new move-
ment is another question.
Senator Bailey undoubtedly is cor
rect in asserting that the 'founders of
this republic in their wisdom, decided
against a direct government. They had
before them the failures of direct de
mocracies, vvluca was the basis of the
ancient republics, and they could not,
in the cry nature of things, establish
even a limited monarchy. The plan
of representative goernmcnt which
lhe evolved, came as an inspiration.
It was a discovery m political economy
and the wonder is that the details of
the plan reached such perfection. The
go eminent, as they established it, has
not only endured, but it has reached a
degree of wealth and power which its
founders could not possibly hae fore
seen, while it has served as a pattern
for all free peoples. . We have now
reached a period in our history, how
ever, when there is a demand for a
change, stimulated largely by dema
gogues who arc both ambitious and
It is ca to arouse a clamor by an
appeal to popular prejudice. Under the
guise of giving more power to the peo
ple, unscrupulous men find it easy to
advance their own fortunes. They
usurp the places of former leaders and
care not how injurious may be the
ultimate effect of their actions, pro
vided that they gain some immediate
profit This is really the story in a
nutshell of the so-called Progressive
movemert It appeals to the people
because it gives them more power, and
the arc led by nen who take ad
vantage of this fact It must be ad
mitted, however, that the more power
the people receive the more they want.
This means that what has thus far
been obtained in the direction of the
initiative, referendum, and recall will
not be yielded without a struggle. On
the contrary, these new ideas are likely
to spread over a larger territorj, so
that presently the country is apt to
find itself sailing upon an uncharted
sea, entirely outside of the safe harbor
in which it has safely rested for more
than a century
This being the case, what of the
future? Senator Bailey settles the ques
tion very emphatically in his own mind
by asserting that if the Democratic
party gives the country a safe and sane
administration the Republican' party
will disintegrate, leaving the Democrats
and the Rooseveltians to struggle
against each other. It is difficult to
follow his reasoning He overlooks
entirely the fact that the economic and
financial policies of the Democratic and
Republican parties are diametrically op
posed to each other, and that cither
one or the other is wrong It may be
that the Republican principle of pro
tection has developed monopolies and
trusts, with the accumulation of enor
mous 'fortunes, but certainly fto one
can doubt that under protection the
entire nation has prospered,' while the
Democratic policy of a tariff for reve
nue only has inevitably brought dis
tress If Senator Bailey means by a
safe and sane Democratic administra
tion a complete disregard of the dec
laration in the Baltimore platform that
protection is unconstitutional, there
might be some foundation for his re
mark. It is difficult to see, however,
how the Democrats can consistently
pass a tariff bill which contains even
a vestige of protection.
If, as is more likely to be the case,
the Democrats play havoc with the
tariff and distress ensues, the country
will turn from it to the Republican
party, provided that organization is re
generated. It must recognize in some
degree the prevailing sentiment toward
a larger degree of popular control. It
must relieve itself of the charge that
it is the friend of special interests. It
must act with courage toward the mo
nopolistic corporations that in the past
have prospered through defiance of the
law and at the expense o'f the people.
Jt must seek to regulate and control
these corporations, and especially it
must set its face against the issuance
of stock which does not represent
money actually invested, It must con
tinue the work which already has been
accomplished along the, lines of better
ing social conditions. If it does these
things under wise leadership, and if it
also preserves the integrity of the Con
stitution and the system of government,
which has jiroven so successful, it can
not disintegrate. If'nas a record of
which it may be proud, and it has a
jirogranimefor -the future which will
more than justify its continued ex
istence The, future will bring .two parties,
the conservative and the progressive.
Senator Bailey believes that the Dem
ocrats; with a certain number of Re
publicans, will constitute the first, and
the Rooseveltians and the Debsites will
compose the second. It would be
easier to agree with him if the Dem
ocrats were, as a whole, of a conserv
ative frame of mind. The opposite is
true. There was a time when the
Democratic party was the really con
servative party in this country, but
since 1S96 this has not been the case.
It was the Democratic party under
Br an which espoused all the radical
propositions of the Populists, and to
day Senator Bailey stands practically
alone in his position. As a matter of
fact, he can hardly be accounted a
Democrat in the current acceptation of
the term. He denounces the principles
for which his party stands. He is in
antagonism to nearly every declara
tion in his party platform. The Demo
cratic party of to-day has drifted far
away from the tenets which made it a
great organization in the past. This is
the reason why it does not command
a majority of the votes cast at a'Pres-
No one can read the history of the
United States without becoming con
vinced of the fact that this is neither
a radical nor a free trade nation.
Herein is the hope of the Republican
party. It stands for conservatism and
protection It must not, however, be
extreme in its devotion to either prin
ciple. It must proceed along progres
sive lines as far as is consistent with
constitutional government and without
invading the domain of socialism, and
it must not grant unnecessary and ex
tortionate protection. Its leaders, or
the men who will lead it in the future,
must have learned a lesson. Instead of
being discouraged by defeat they must
realize that events arc shaping them
selves so as to make their party the
nucleus of one of the two great polit
ical organizations in the future, pro
vided, of course, that the Democratic
policy concerning the tariff seriously
affects business conditions, so as
produce a feeling of real dissatisfaction
in the country, and that the Republi
can leaders havathe wisdom to promise
that the errors committed in the past
will not be committed in the future.
It also must be remembered that
it is much easier to criticise than to
perform. During the next four years
it will be the Democratic party which
will be in the fiery furnace. If it can
come forth unscathed it will unques
tionably be continued in power. Its
future is in its own hands. Its Presi
dent will find himself confronted with
the most serious problems of the times
and it he and his part) can solve
them wisely and harmoniously, the Re
publican party will have a battle royal
on its hands four years hence. There
is a vast difference between this situa
tion, however, and the complete disin
tegration which Senator Bailey 'pre
dicts. The gathering in New York
last night was ample evidence that
there still is lffe and enthusiasm in
the Republican party, ine lact re
mains, however, that while it has a
future it cannot expect to regain con
trol of power until it purges itself of
tht elements which so plainly have
contnbuted to its defeat. It must show
that it is not dominated by selfish in
terests, and that it is actuated by high
ideals The American people are sen
timental to a high degree, and a very-
large proportion of Roosevelt's strength
lies in the recognition of this character
istic. He appeals to the sentimental
side and finds it effective. The Re
publican party must do likewise. Its
line of conduct for the future is thus
easily distinguishable If it will take
advantage of its opportunity and im
press upon the country that it has
vitality as well as conservatism, that it
is concerned in human welfare as well
as in material prosperity, and that it
has neither outlived its usefulness nor
been swallowed up by Mammon, Sen
ator Bailey's prediction will come to
The Way to The Hague.
Although the Senate appears over
whelmingly against arbitration of the
canal tolls dispute, a change of atti
tude is not unlikely. Democratic Sen
ators arc embarrassed, for the Demo
cratic platform declared for the ex
emption from tolls of coastwise ship
ping. This is the ve"ry point Great
Britain contends violates the treaty.
we nave oiien oinerea wim urcai
Britain, and in nearly every instance
thctontroversy was settled by arbitra
tion. It once seemed just as difficult,
from a British point of view, to arbi
trate the Alaskan boundary dispute, as
it now is hard for some Statesmen to
agree to go Jo court with the Panama
question. History shows .that every
dispute starts with spirited assertion
on one side or the other, that the
question is purely of domestic con
cern and cannot be arbitrated. The
controversy grows and looms unpleas
antly in the path of friendly relations.
This begets a desire on both sides to I
settle" the dispute once for all, each
power gives "way enough to permit an
agreement on the questions to be sub
mitted to the tribunal, and the case
is submitted and decided. Sometimes
the verdict is unsatisfactory to one
litigant, as Canada was furious at the
outcome of, the Alaskan boundary
award. More often both , are satisfied,
as in the North Atlantic fisheries arbi
tration. But in practically all' in
stances there is relief that the ques
tion, however settled, is settled.
Trials of a President
It is undeniably .hard work for a
President to shake hands during his
tenure of , office with scores, of 'thou
sands of persons. Yet "the traditional
handshake of polite society would be
harmless -were it not for that consid
erable number of men' whose strong
emotions lie chiefly in their fingers.'
Have 'Sou ever had the questionably"
pleasure of meeting those who, are so
delighted to .see you .thatftbey grasp,
your hand and give it a squeeze strong
enough? and hard enough to crack a
walnut?. Some Iwajm-'hearied and' mus
cular men have a grasp that can crush
bones, 'and that have crushed them.
Such persons ought to be kept away
1 TS ?J .- I . 1l -r i n
irom .rrcsiucnu, lor uui u ui uicsc
high dignitaries can do what President
Grant did, who grabbed the, proffered
hand first with an "earnestness" that
spelled safety to the Executive.
Advantages or dangers of the official
handshake may be summed up like this 1
Tha advantage is in the daring grip of
the aggressor (or had we better say
offender); the danger with him who
is on the defensive and allows himself
to be gripped. It requires stratagem
and skill to keep this up for an hour
or longer. On New Year's Day Mr.
Taft "sustained" (do you know of a
better word?) 7,052 handshakes. We
have heard it stated in a semi-official
way that fully 200 of the ""shakers"
tried to disable his hand to such an
extent that next day his right hand
was swollen. We are surprised that
it was not crushed or paralyzed.
As a preventive for such a possible
calamity we like the suggestion ex
pressed in a certain quarter that Maj.
Rhoads, or another of the President's
aids, shake the hand of every one in
the line, as a test, and that whenever
he encounters one whose grasp shows
that he has designs upon the. President
to turn the man over to a guard to
be sent home. Should this handshake
testing aid tire, another to take his
place. This would save annoyance and
pain to the President.
Miss AsquitVf Surprise.
Miss Violet Asquith, daughter of
the British Premier, who, with. Lady
Aberdeen, the Vice Reine of Ireland,
as guests of Mr. James Bi-ycc, the
British Ambassador, attended the ex
ceptionally brilliant reception at the
White House in honor of the Diplo
matic Corps Friday night, voiced her
surprise when she remarked that never
before had she witnessed a function
which, despite its elaborateness, was
"so purely democratic.'
Such an expression, coming from the
lips of a lady thoroughly able to judge
the difference between British court and
high life and what her eyes beheld
here, such a tribute to American cus
toms among highest governmental of
ficialdom, should be more than pleasing
Miss Asquith, who has had many
opportunities of attending "courts," as
the Buckingham Palace functions of
this character arc called, could not help
being surprised at the absence, at so
vast a gathering, of all red tape an
noyance in the shape of rules and offi
cers o'f the lord chamberlain's office
and of the physical chain drawn about
the sacred persons of the rulers.
It was a revelation to her to see a
good many more than a thousand per
sons men and women, only a part
of whom were of that privileged class
that hobnobs with diplomats, states
men, and high officialdom meeting in
the best spirit of good fellowship, on a
footing of equality, the sexes mingling
in the ballroom and enjoying the
dances and themselves "in the most
democratic manner" without giving a
thought to class restriction.
Comment such as this and coming
from such a quarter, goes to show
that still we are living up to the true
ideals of republican tradition and that
democracy among us is anything but
dead in this country among high or
low it was very much alive Friday
night as skeptics and pessimists would
try to make us believe.
Automobile owners should put red
lights on every road leading: Into Hjatts-
vlllc, Ud. Danger!
History shows what Ireland thought of
Informers. Mar) land Is due to show w hat
she thinks of Hvattsvllle "spotters."
PortujTuese neonle are "airln the cov-
ernment" Out goes the monarchy.
N6w the cry Is "Down with those In
Maryland. .Jly Maryland," Is no longer
popular with autoists. When village
officers Join hands to make It unpleasant
for the chauffeur who Is unfortunate
enough to have to go through their baili
wick. It Is about lime for the State-to
put out a restraining hand.
Uncle Sam Is rather deliberate on occa
sions, but he Is pretty sure. Still, that
does not make the conduct of William
Rockefeller any the less disgraceful.
Sbonlnir the Goods.
A novel mode of-advertising for a wife
has "been adopted by an Inhabitant of a
provincial town in England. A photo
graph of the gentleman Is placed In the
window of a shop-keeper, and under
neath Is the following notice: "Wanted:
a female companion to the above. Apply
at this oface." .
HUMANSHIPS THAT PASS
By FRED C. KELIr.
From the time that Billy Tomllnson and
I first got acquainted hack in our Me-
Guffeys third reader days Billy used to
taut of being a doctor when he grew up.
Vhen the rest of the Jjoungsters In
our crowd were stilt full 'of ambitions
to be" horse Jockeys, professional" ball
Slayers, train conductors, aad such. Billy
ama no otner notion than to be a doctor.
He used to confide his Diana to his teach
er, and they encouraged" him all they
couia uiougn tney never seemed en
thusiastic. For the fact was that Billy
was a long way from being a good stu
dent Even before -we got.ac far as long
division, he bad a tendency- to4 trail along
at jthe caboose "end of the class. .And
Then hs. spoke, of bllnr-.a doctor .some
day, the teachers thougbt'of the studious
years that being a. doctor., wovlld entalL
It wasn't .that Billy was tunld. either.
He was- smart enough, -biithe 'Just; nat
urallygiconldn't bring hinpselr" around, tp
studying Nine days out' of ten he' cop
led all 'of his arlthmeUCexsmpIes from
somebody else 'a few minutes before,.ttie
class was called, but -"he would, never
copy snyimng rrom one ot mo neads of
the class: He .seemed- torhavea. great
djsgust tor anybody- who vstudled .hard
enough to stand at the head. Usually
he compromised,, on. me .when b.e wished
to copy a lesson, asf I wotjld hjve prob
ably Vlx examples done"out-of tenHhat
had been assigned. How Billy ever man
aged to. slip through BtoxsmIilat!onUme
flfthAdv- nt vn Hlml ViiMr
You'd have thought .Billy would have
been good at elementary physiology, after
all his talk about going to be "a 'doctor.
but he ddnt shine even at that He
ita, guod to goto tthe butcher, shop for
lungs ard brains -of animals, whenever
the teacher wanted such things for class
work, and he was a great hand to catch
cats and chloroform 'em, but when It
came to getting up, and telling what the
bock said. Billy wasn't one, two, three.
I think that whole trouble with Billy
was thst his head was too full of deviltry
to think much about lessons. There never
was a boy w ho could dev lse such schemes
for putting tick-tacks on inaccessible
windows, ringing the school-hops bell at
unearthly hours, and scaring pedestrian
with queer objects that he would dangle
over the sidewalk at the end of a long
string run over the limb of a tree. Billy
was the first one of our crowd to learn
to smoke. At first he Just smoked corn
silk cigarettes, but he soon got to smok
Ine the regulation Sweet Canorals and
all our mothers regarded him as a thor
oughly bad boy. But we all liked him
After we got into the high school. Billy
was expelled on nn averaae of once or
twice a J ear. but as his family A as
rather prominent In the little town, he
was always taken back on promise of
better behavior, and he managed to get
through and receive a diploma along with
the rest of us. The principal of the high
school seemed to like Billy first rate, with
all the lad s shlftlessness, and often said
that Billy could make something ot him
self It he would only take a brace on him
self and study a little. But the principal's
belief In Billy was not shared by many
o' the tonnspeople. ,
They all thought of hint simpl as "that
ornery Tomllnson boy "
All this time, honcver. Billy still In
sisted that he was going to, study for a
doctor He said that as soon as ho got
A LITTLE NONSENSE.
The Scotchman sings no modern "rags."
He makes the echoes flj
Arousing all the rocks and crags ,
With "Coming Thro the Rye."
Tho Russian knows the vocal bis
And likewise sings with vim
But "Coming Thro' the Vodka" Is
The favorite with him.
PI. mnA in !,,. A ftlX-VPSr-Old gltl
casually mentioning what her father la
Most or the llmr.
Do ou think of me all the tlmeT'
demanded the bride.
"Not absolutely all the time," aamuieu
the bridegroom "When I'm at the office
, tktni. nf fnin nml when I'm cross
ing streets I think of the pesky automo
biles." Jnnnary In History.
January 5, lrXC-Henry VIII Is threat
ened with lall for being shy on two
batches of alimony
tnn..M. s iwi fHniiH nuarrel be
tween Bacon and Shakespeare as to who
shall strap on yueen tuiaDcin s onmca.
Wny of the World.
Shes been very busy telling me how
to renr my baby
ni he cot Into a perfect panic when
I asked her to take care of the child for
a couple of days. You know I was sua
denly called out of town."
This Week's Mall.
Now come the bills and blotters.
The blotters and the duns.
The postmen rave; I guess I have
About eleven tons.
A Girl's Gratitude.
"I gave up smoking to please her."
"Welir , f
".Vow she savs she finds me very un
A Country Tlace.
ix7n .( rntmtrv nine is imoroved
with asphalt streets, electric lights, and
Vaii Hnn't understand. lm looking
.. a MtHntFV niai that ltt Imoroved
with some turf, a lake, perhaps, and a
& j,.n.Hn win hilnAil kill a. Judire
on the bench, and all the court officials,
was visited the other day by an evange-
II.. ThA ,?BTANrift aava thftt- after TClS-
ture reflection, he thinks he did wrong.
Wo ourselves ininK mat ne was mgmj
Indiscreet, to say the least.
From JuJse. .--
-An excellent device against slipping on
your front-door steps these Icy mornings
Is to cover them from top to bottom with
your last summer's sofa cushions. These
suitably placed win prevent your railing
and chipping the brownsyone or granite
steps with the back of your celluloid
The Nemesis of uie coal man apparent
ly Is the weather man.
How manv colters would care to send
a ball over the weathercock of St. Giles,
Edinburgh! It has been done, however.
In virtue of a bet of 19S, ur. scales of
Lelth and Mr. Smellle, a printer, were
selected to perform the curious feat or
driving a uail irom me souiucast corner
of Parliament Square over the weather
cock of the famous church (161 feet from
the base of the building). They were
allowed the use of six balls each. These
all went considerably higher than the
vane, and were found In the advocate's
close, on the north side of the High
at something practical he'd study as hard
as anybody, but. that he couldn't see any
sense in worrying, his head over a lot et
algebra, and such stuff as that.
Ills folks bundled him oil to college that
fall, for him to fajie year or two of pre
paratory -work- before entering medical
school. He fell in with the sporty set at
college and there were tales back home ot
some of the drunken debauches that he
got mixed up In. Toward the end of bis
first year he got fired bodily from college
for drunkeness and other behavior that
they couldn't reconcile with the ideals of
"What are you going to do now?" I
asked, hinv after he'd told me ail about it
' "Oh. Ill start In "studying medicine this
coming fall anfl uut my monkey busi
ness," he said. a. '
2' ' '
1 Sure enough, he did enter oneqt the
big medical college lhat. fall, nni I
learned in t roundabout way tbatrhe was
regardedas a capable student above the
average lt.anything, but he got to drink
ing and neglecting his work, and shortly
after the Christmas holidays' Was sus
pended for'the rest ot the year. He
stuck around home for three or, four
months, not doing much .of anything ex
"ytlitjworryhl.1 parents by golngion an
occasional pree-Then ho disappeared
for a lime, sind I never-knew where he
wept or w.hat bo.was doing, but hfturn
cl 4UilateL.the, following summer looking
a bit sccdyand dissipated. Much to the
surprise of -ever) body, he seemed to buck
fcp a bit.' however; arid that fall "he" start
ed "off "to a medical school again. 1 This
Urue It'waa to a, different school, so that
ho could begin with a clean slate, with
no "sporty .-associate- to handicap him.
The surprising thing was that he didn't
give' up the. Idea" of '.being a 'doctor alto
gether. Just why he thought he was cut
out for the medical profession nobodz In
the home town could ever figure out.
Well, the next' I heard ot Billy rjs had
left the medical college to go to a gold
cure some place. Later on I heard that
the treatment there hadn't been very
tffectlve.. and Billy, from all reports, was
rapidly going from bad .tq worse.
Whether he still entertained any idea of
baling a doctor some day I didn't- hear.
The most logical finish for him seemed
to be a drunkard's grave.
For several years I didn't hear of Billy
Tomllnson at all. and he passed entirely
from my mind. Ist spring I had occa
sion to spend a couple of days in New
York. Along about the middle of the sec
pnJ afternoon there v was hurrying to
ward the subway station at Brooklyn
Bridge, intent pn. getting uptown in time
to finish up some buslnesi and catch an
outgoing train early that cening.
About two-thirds across the street I
pausd for a moment to let, an ambu
lance pass. The ambulance was being
driven so rapidly, as if in a ri.ee with
death, that I turned to look after it. An
Immaculately garbed young doctor with
a- Van Dyke beard, clean-cut features,
and spotless cuffs sat at the rear of the
vehicle with a watch In one hand tnd
somebody's wrist In the other. There
was an Intense earnestness about the
oung doctor's face, as he timed the pulse.
that filled me wltn a sene or me ora
matlc, and I stared at him. The doctor
chanced to look up and met my stare.
He appeared to recognize me, and he
nodded with Just the faintest flicker of
a smile. Then he looked back at the
watch in his right hand.
The doctor was Billy Tomllnson.
l Aim of Women
Continued from Page One.
succeed Mrs. Aj res as corresponding sec
The officials ot the league are:
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, honorary presi
dent: Mrs. Thomas R Marshall, honor
ary lce president. Mrs. John Sherwln
Crosby, New York City, president; Mrs.
J. Charles Unthicum. Baltimore. Md,
first vice president! Mrs. Edward T. Tay
lor, Qlenw ood Springs. Colo , Becond vice
president, Mrs William A. Cullop, Vin
cennes. Ind.. third vice president: Mrs.
John E. Raker, Alturas, CaL, recording
secretary. Mrs. Steven n Ayres, spuy
ten Duyvil. New York City, correspond
ing secretary, Mrs- Grace Porter Hop
kins, Washington. D. C,, field secretary:
Mrs. William Graves Sharp, Elyrla.
Ohio, treasurer; Miss Katherlne M. Dab
ney, Washington. D C. and Mrs. Kate
Kearney Henry, Washington. D. C: Mrs.
Adlal E. Stevenson. Bioumlngton, III.,
Mrs. Henry !. Edmunds. Princeton. N.
J ; Mrs. J. Hedges Crow ell. New York
City. Mrs. William Jennings Bryan. Lin
coln, Nebr.. and Mrs. J. Borden Harrl
man. New York City, directors.
Pmirranime for Convention.
The programme Is as follows-
Tuesday. January 7 First annual con
vention called to order by the president.
Mrs. John Sherwin Crosby. Prayer by
the Right Rev. Alfred Harding, Bishop
of Washington. Greeting from Champ
Clark. Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives. An address by the president.
Mrs. Crosby. A welcome from Mrs. Mat
thew T. Scott, president general, D. A.
R. The executive board will hold a meet
ing at 3 o'clock.
Wednesday. January S After the pres
ident calls the meeting to order there
will be a prayer by Rev. Donald Mac
Leod, D. D, and reports ot national of
ficers, including State vice presidents.
The reports will be limited to flve-mln-ute
delivery. After a recess until 1
o'clock there will bes'nomlnattons and
election of national officers.
Mrs. Perry Belmont, chairman of the
reception committee, will hold a recep
tion for officers, members, ana inenas
of the league, from 5 to 7 o'clock, at her
home. 161S New Hampshire Avenue.
Thursday. January 9-Rev. Earle
Wllflev will make the prayer. William
Corcoran Eustis, chairman of the Inau
gural committee, will deliver an address.
Renorts of standing and special commit
tees and unfinished business will con
diide the convention.
Chairman ot Committees.
The committee- chairmen are: Arrange
ments. Mrs. Cullop; programme and
printing, Mrs. Hopkins. Mrs. George A.
Armes: press. Mrs. Leigh Chalmers.
Mrs. Beverley Buchanan: pages, Mrs.
Morris Bheppaxj: Information, Mrs.
Benjamin Mlcou; magazine and advertis
ing, Mrs. L. G. Hodman: credentials.
Mrs. John E. Raker; badges. Miss Kath
erlne Dabney; decoration". Mrs. Anna
B. Fitter: official recognition pins, airs.
Thomas P. Gore; sergeant-at-arms, Mrs.
Beverley Buchanan: hotels and transpor
tation, Mrs. E. F. Klnkead.
The pages for the convention are aiiss
Genevieve Clark. Miss Janette Ayres,
Miss Agra Bennett, miss i-ranees
Brooks. Miss Carrie Lee Chamberlain,
Miss Anne Ferris, Miss Nell Fletcher,
Miss Frances FinleyvMlss Ttuth Hitch
cock. Miss HeIen"Sardy; Miss Nancy
Johnson. Miss Anneeymour Jones. Miss
Ethel Lloyd. Miss. Mary Macon, Miss
Margaret -McChord, Miss Lucy Hoke
Smith. Miss Agnes Shackleford. Miss
Sophie Sweet, Miss Barbara Stephens,
Miss Frances Saunders. Miss Olga
Sheppard. Miss Ruth Tribble, and Miss
Sallie Wirflams. "
The credentials committee will meet in
the private parlors of Mrs. Charles Mc
Chord. in the Wlllard. Monday morning.
Mrs. John K. Raker, chairman, will Pre
' Charleston, S. G.
By O-rJOROE FITCH;
aatkor f "At Good 01 Sl-iras".
Of all the cities in the United .States
none is more prominent or more hlghty
spoken of than Charleston, S. C ,
Charleston Is of very ancient and dis
tinguished 'birth, having been founded
before the year 1700. In most of the his
tory which tha United States has com
piled, Charleston has been very active.
It is impossible to read more than four
pages In any .account of the American
revolution or the civil war without meet
ing Charleston careering madly to fame
In a storm of' bullets.
. uuauHiuu iwini me nrsv vonunentai
Congress. It produced a Vice President.
41 powcu me i.ouu(uuon ana aenea the
government. It seceded from tbe Union
and stood a three years siege. It was
twice bombarded by the British. It was
destroyed by (Ire and saved by a fort of
palmetto logs. It entertained the most
disastrous earthquake that had visited
this country up to the time of the Frisco
shiver. It has provided local color for
a shelf full nf niw.U T fiaa k-lr -
dozen steamship lines. It built a World's
rur ana recoverea rrom it. xt produced
UsJ. Hemphill, whose ideas are quoted
with respect by the. New York news
papers. Railroads sell excursion tickets
to Charleston from all over the country.
No map of thenatlon. no matter how
small, 1s complete without at least an
emaciated flyspeclc representing Charles
ton, even though Pittsburg. Cleveland,
and St. "Louis are left out of said maps
to make room.
The casual collector of information
who has only read of Charleston and
has evaded statistics will therefore be
somewhat dssed to learn that Charles
ton has onlv EX-Oftl nin1 if whnm ....
over S.0un am whtt rh.,irtAn h.
11s ia,nn white men. Is bigger in history I
...-- -- -r .. --. . ...w.i
COURT GOSSIP OF EVENTS
THAT HAVE MADE HISTORY J
In the story of war there Is no chapter
more inriuing than that which tells how.
a generation ago a handful of Turks held
Uie tower of Plevna five months against
a quarter of a million of Russian sol
diery. Again and again the Muscovites
hurled themselves against Osman Dlgna's
trenches and redoubts, only to be swept
back again and again. leaving thousands
slain behind. It was only when hunger
and disease had his band of heroes in
their grip, that the gallant Turkish lead
er made 1i!s desperate and historic effort
to cut his way through the enemy's lines
forlorn hope" which ended, as It
was bound to end. in failure and death.
But not until the Turks were surround
ed by the Muscovites in overwhelming
numbers and Osman himself was serious
ly wounded, did the white flag give the
signal to surrender. When later the van
quished hero was led before the Czar,
carrying himself as proudly In defeat as
In victory', Alexander, with a cordial
hand-grip, gave him this generous greet
ing: "Sir, I congratulate you on your
fine defense. It was one of the most
splendid feats in the history ot war.'
And so It was!
It was with a still bolder front that
Mahmud met his conqueror, after his
Dervish army had been wiped out of ex
istence on the banks of the Atbar River.
When, his hands tied behind his back.
he was Conducted into the presence of
the British Sirdar. It was with his neaa
carried high and a mien ot defiance.
"Are you MahmudT" asked the Sirdar
"Yes," was the answer, "and I am the
same as you."
"Why did you come to make war
"I came," answered Mahmud. proudly,
"because, like you, I was told to come."
Never was surrender made with more
dignity or received with greater chivalry
than that of Gen. Lee to his conqueror,
Gen. Grant, in our own civil war. The
Confederate army, hemmed In by the en
emy, was In a hopeless position, and on
April 7 Grant wrote tp his gallant adver
sary asking him to surrender, m order tq
prevent "Tiny further spilling of blood.
Two days later Gen Le, at Appomattox
Court House surrendered his sword to
Grant, who handed It back with words
ot extreme courte-y And, as the van
quished Confederates tiled past, laying
down their arms, their general called out.
In a voice broken with emotion. "Men. we
have fought through the war together.
and I have done the best for you."
For five months. In IKS, the Turks, un
der Gen. Williams, heiil the mountain
fortress of Kars against a. Russian army
more than three times thijlr number; and
oniy wnen 100a ana ammunition Dotn
wero exhausted, and further defense be
came hopeless, did tbe brave English
leader even think of surrender. Then it
was that the Russian general. Mouravleff,
wrote to him one of the most generous
messages ever sent to a defeated enemy.
"Gen. Williams. was the message,
"you have made yourself a name In his
tory; posterity will stand amazed at the
endurance, the courage, the discipline
which this siege has called ,forth In the
remains of an army. Let uts arrange a
capitulation which will satisfy the de
mands ot war without disgracing human
When Gen. Cronje, after his brave
fight on the banks of M odder, River was
compelled to surrender to Lord Roberts
with 4.000 of his army, the bitterness (as
he afterward said) was taken put ot his
numiuauon Dy uie gracious yoras ad
dressed to him by his victor, who. with
a warm hand-clasp said to him: "Com
mandant Cronje. jou have indeed made
gallant defense, which will win the ad
miration ot the world." 1
The first Napoleon, after the crowning
uisasirr o. tvaierioo. nnaing escape im
possible, surrendered to Capt. 'Maltland,
of the British man-o'-war "Balleroplon,
July 13, ISIS. As he stepped on board, his
breast ablaze with decorations; and es
corted by an Imposing retinue of officers
and servants, it was almost with the air
01 a conqueror that he audrejssed tne
captain: "Sir, I come to place myself
under the protection of your King and
your laws." 1
Much more abject was the darwnfall of
his successor, , the third Napoleon, that
September day lnlSTO. when he.'was com
pelled to resign both crown and sword.
Surrounded at Sedan by the nemy. !A
000 of his men dead or taken prisoners,
his army demoralized under a deluge of
death from, SOO. guns, he realVzed that the
end had come. Then, with tjie white flag
of defeat fluttering over his citadel, he
wrote the Prussian king this pathetic
note: "Brother Not able io die at the
head of my trooDs I nlaeo my sword at
your majesty's feet- Napileon."
nut France was not ye beaten. Mar
shal Bazalnet still had a Aarce -army un
der his command but h, tooi'was In a
perilous pugnu xor ne was snui up
Mett by a, German forfce. When sortie
after sortie was repulsed with heavy loss
and he realized that escmpe was Impossi
ble, he tried to save Jnls army by sur
rendering the fortress. But to his over
tures Bismarck returned the haughty answer-.
"I occupy Frante with more than
million men. and I make no peace with
a marshal. The surrender must be un
And on October T. 11370. Bazalne capi
tulated, and three marshals. X officers,
and 171,000 Frenchmen laid down their
arras and became rfrisoners of war. Foe
Bazalne a worse filvt was reserved. He
was tried by eourt-Abrtlal and sentenced
to degradation arr death. A sentence
which was commuted to one of twenty
a mi lien.
Charleston Is a quaint and beautiful
Southern town with rare old churches
vnd houses, handsome palmetto avenues,
the manners of two centuries ago. the
pride of two Spalns boiled down Into
cne. the temper of a stick of dynamite
and the-spirit of eternal truth' which al
ways bounces when It Is crushed to
earth. It has been burned down, shot
down, tipped over and burled under
weeds from a three years blockade. Bot
In spite of alt these things it has always
risen again with both fists doubled. Jt
is the slowest growing of all American
cities, but It doesn't have to grow. It
was bom big. If Charleston had 100.000
people It would run all over the South.
(CbprrljM. ISIS, bf Gorz MxUwr A4rmi)
I years imprisonment But he managed
in wui irom uiegisiana xoriress tnrougn
the ceaseless efforts and aid of his wife.
The King, at a special diplomatic court
In the white drawing-room at Windsor
Castle, received Prince Llchqowsky. who
was accompanied by the members of the
German Embassy. Ambassadors and
other "chefs de mission" have been re
ceived at Buckingham Palace during th
present reign and in the last reign, but
in Queen Victoria's time such ceremon
ies nearly always took place at Wind
sor. Sir Edward Grey and the master
of ceremonies were in attendance, as
well as the members of the household-ln-waltlng.
The proceedings were brief and
formal. After the Court Princess IJcli
nowsky was received by the Queen In the
green drawing room, and the prince also
Prince and Princess Llchnonsky occu
pied the tapestry suite, which the Ber
liner Tageblatt calls "a magnificent eet
of apartments. Including the old audience
chamber" This Is nonsense. There Is
nothing "magnificent" dbout this suite,
and it has no more to do with "the
old audience chamber" than with St
George's ChapeL The tapestry suite.
which adjoins tbe grand corridor. Is re
served for members of the royal familv
or for royal guests. It Is at the south
east corner of the castle, and the sitting
room overlooks the east terrace and
Home Park, while the bedroom has a fine
view of the "Long Walk." The room
are hung with portraits, including- one
of the Queen Caroline whieh Queen Vic
toria removed to Windsor from Clare
mont in 1SC6. after the death, of King
There Is an enormous punch bowl In
the stater dining-room In Windsor Cas
tle. This bowl was made for- George
IV. not for his christening, but more
than sixty years after his christening,
and it has never yet been on the side
board of the state dining-room Its
place Is on a block of malachite, which
was presented to Queen Victoria by the
Emperor Nicholas of Russia when he vis
ited England In le- The sideboard in
the dining-room Is rosewood, with fone
carving, and It is a beautiful piece of
furniture. ThI- room Is one of the pri
vate apartments. FLANEUR.
(OwniM. nu, br Curat GoMip Sjwhcite.)
THE OPEN FORUM
Home Influence- on Votlnp.
To the Editor. I am quoted in your
paper as saying. "Women will vote as
their husbands do."
I did say that I thought women gen
erally would be greatly Influenced by
their husbinls in national affairs, but
that In municipal politics and all mat
ters that directly concerned the home
and the welfare of the children, both
morally and ph-slcatly. that the hus
band s vote would. In most Instances, be
controlled by th wife's opinion, because
of her better information.
That one of the greatest benefits to
be derived from equal suffrage is that
the whole family will discuss political
question-, and thereby all will become
much better informed concerning the
same, and I believe it is an admitted
fact that Ignorance of and Indifference
to political questions Is the greatest
menace to .popular government.
Quite a number of prominent Califor
nia lawyers have told me that they were
studying politics more thoroughly than
they had before because their wives and
,(a.vi.,ara w.ki Keekttiir advice and In
formation from them as to national
That Is the basis of my opinion; that
t.A nau- ifttAn will h lars-piv influ
enced by the national politics of their
husbands anl fathers. Women register
ed as Republicans or Democrats with
out much regard as to their husbands"
registration, but as to how they voted,
of courre. I have no information.
MIIS. K. V. 8l'.MEU IOC UU1KVBU).
Queensland's IllCe Fish.
There Is said to exist in the waters ot
Northern Queensland a fish measuring
about ten inches in length and averag
ing a pound and a half in weight, which
possesses the remarkable power ot
shooting Its prey.
The "rifle fish." as it Is called, is al
leged to swim leisurely about the stream
a few inches below the surface, on the
lookout for files and other insects that
settle on the floating leaves and twigs or
on the surface of the water plants.
When the "rifle fish" gets close enough
for the purpose. It discharges at Its
victim a tiny Jet or ball of water, which.
If shot straight, knock the prey Into
the stream, where it Is Instantly gath
ered In by the shooter.
Inasmuch Mission. Philadelphia, uses
an auto truck to convey its missionaries
about the city.
I am the Washington Agent for all
the leading magazines. Send for cata
logue. My prices are the lowest. I can
duplicate anyotfer made bjr any pub
lisher or agency, uruer .vmu gins
FRASERJhe Magazine Mai,
tlil Keaels Bile. 11th u O Its.
We 1t- Hualr. SCUM caattat vausi
and headlines than many a city of bil
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