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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 10, 1913, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1913-01-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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4y?jOT""KS- $ TW-&' '
,'5L'JW-T---S!s-,'' - ?3r"F-s'--w!-
Fair to-day and t-morrow;
moderate south winds.
Temperatures j esterday Max
imum, 36; minimum, 24.
NO. 22SS.
Auditor for the Post-office De
partment Makes Sweeping
Denial of Charges.
CHIEFS IN CONFERENCE
New System for Handling of Gigantic
Business Proposed Employes
to Be Transferred.
ALLEGED ABUSES IN
POSTAL AUDITOR'S OFFICE
Eight million money orders,
unaudited, lie In a mall room of
the office of the udltor for the
Post-offlce Department, enough
work. It Is charged, to keep the
clerks busy two years
Under the new piece-work sys
tem, all .clerks formerly on the.
regular rolls lose their annual
leave A provision has been
made in the legislative bill to
remedy this but the bill has not
passed the Senate
Under the new mechanical
auditing system the, tabulated
cards would not stand as evi
dence. It Is stated In a court of
la.
Should one filing box be upset
It would take a man six weeks
to rearrange the cards
Employes who took their leave
at the end of the year were
forced to forego a week of their
annual leac. by order of the
auditor, and return to work the
day after Christmas.
Employes complain that the
quality of the work has deterio
rated under the new system to
a mere matter of mechanical
labor.
. -
Again the limelight hs come to rest
on the "Botany Bay" of the postal serv
icethe office of the auditor for the
Tost office department Abuses such as
reduction of salaries, under an arbitrary
p'ecework regulation, elimination of an
nual leave, and favoritism are charged.
Ffforts toward a Congressional lnvestiga
lon of the office, either by the House
Committee on Expenditures In the
Treasury Department, of which Repre
sentative W illiam E Cox of Indiana is
halrman or the Committee on Expendi
tures In th0 Post-office Department, of
which Representative William A Ash
brook of Ohio Is cha rman, are to be
made
Auditor Charles Kram makes n
sweeping denial of nil the charges He
avs lie welcomes a Congressional Inves
tigation He asserts that the changes in
his office under the recently Installed
mechanical audit system have lut only
a few clerks, who hive become dis
gruntled Million re Unaudited.
Ho admits that .OAO.OOO money orders,
unaudited. He In a mall room He says It
will take eight months to clear up the
work of auditing these orders Experts
nlio have done the same work before say
I will take from one to two years
Following a meeting Wednesday night
of a number of clerks in the auditor's
nfllce to discuss grievances, a conference
of division chiefs and supervisory em
ployes of the auditors office met In ses
sion list night on the seventh floor of
he post-ofllce building, wlh Mr Kram
in the chair The new system was the
matter under discussion Mr Kram
brought to the attention of his assist
ants the news of the meeting of the
night before
The employes who held the meeting the
night before, all protected by the civil
Venice are to be transferred to other
fields of endeavor, under Jurisdiction of
ilie Treasury Department.
The mechanical-audit system the cause
of the latest attack on the office of the
Auditor for the Post-offlce Department
was put Into active service August 24
last employes, formerly working on a
Ftated salary, were transferred to
piecework basis The rate under the new
system is Jl 50 per thousand for punched
cards. One-half of 1 per cent Is allowed
for errors. Mistakes In punching the
cards over this allowance are charged
fcgalnst the earnings of the employes un
der a rate worked out mathematically
which amounts to K per thousand, or a
lint rate of 3 cents per error
id.r ev
system.
The entire money order service was
reorganised under the new system
Post-ofllces are numerically numbered,
Instead of being filed according to city
and State A huge quantity of work,
left over from the old system Includ
ing the huge quantity of money orders
that He untouched In a mall room,
still remains to be done
"V hlle the "gag rule ' Imposed on
clerks In the classified service has. In
words, been lifted the effect still remilns
The clerks themselves are unable to
bring the matter to the attention of their
representatives Their meeting 'Wednes
day night was clothed in secrecy Those
who assembled made the following
charges
The system of mechanical audits for
money order accounts. Introduced by Mr
Kram. Is a failure Mr Kram claimed
the new system would effect a saving,
but the facts are that It requires a
greater force to operate than the audit
si stem It superseded He claimed that
It would be more accurate, but the trial
proves to the contrarv
'Ever since last June Mr Kram has
been directing and driving the working
of the 'paid or credit side of postmas
ters money order accounts, and only a
month or so ago was the Key punch,
tabulation, and v ertiflcatlon work com
peted for the quarter ended September
SO. 1912. But that is not over a third of
the work needed to complete the card
audit for that quarter The gang punch
ing, the ten or more times through tho
sorters, the tabulation of the "Issued" or
debit side of the accounts and the 'inter
pretation" of the results must follow.
"For every money order paid a card
Is supposed to be correctly punched, so
Continued on Pace Four.
llmd Dur Kl.noo Rambler Aufn Ad.
u.muuu matm i w, u. U. IJCV7, JT.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
AT PROPOSAL TO
MERGEPARTIES
Says Any One Believing in
Progressive Principles Can
Come Into the Fold.
CANNOT TRUST G. 0. P.
Bull Moose Leader Uses Terms "Cheat"
and "Swindle" in Statement
Denouncing Fusion.
New lork. Jan 1 Col Itoocclt in a
statement this afternoon set himself
strongly against the proposal of Fran
A. Munsey to bring the Progressive and
Republican parties together.
There was no more reason to get to
gether with the Republican machine than
there Is to get together with the Demo
cratic machine. Mr Roosevelt declared
The way to get together, he stated was
for those who believed In Progressiva
principles to come into the Progreslvo
!arty.
To my mind the whole attitude of
those at present rspo isible for the lead
ership and management of the Ilepub
llacn, party shows that it would be folly
to try to combine with them." said the
colonel 'Tntll the managers of the Re
rubllcan party learn that theft and fraud
and swindling the people and imposing
the will of the bosses when they de
clare by a two to one m ijority at the
primaries in tht reverse way s not the
method in which to achieve the triumph
of the permanence of Republican institu
tions. It is Idle to dNcuss getting to
gether with them
;. O. 1. Vol In lie 'lrulcil.
' If the Republicans choose to Join the
Progressive pirty. and come into our pri
maries, they will 1. living up to the prin
ciples of Abraham T incoln, and we will
give them absolute justice and fair play
in the primaries Hut thy have shown
that under the present management of
the party thev cannot be trusted not to
cheat, not to swindle
Moreover, the dixtrlne of the present
Republican managers about the courts
Is Just at present liemg practlcillv ap
piled In Idaho The courts of Idaho are
acting ilong tho lines that Mr TaTt. J
Mr Rarnes and the other Republican'
leaders uphold and defend The Progres
sives take the fcanio view of tho ldiho
case that braham Lincoln took of the
Dred Scott case We tike the same view
of Justice that Lincoln took and of the
rights of the people to be masters of
the constitution of the courts and of the
t ingress that 1 Incoln took
Tor Principles, "Vot Party.
We stand for the Progressives who
vote under our banner in the South Just
as we stand for the Progressives who
vote under our banner in the North.
recognize no difference Intween ex-
Republicans and ex-Democrats We
stand unalterably for the principles of
our pi itfonn and for the principles of
party government, as we have enunci
ated them and lived up to them
AH honest mn who believe In these
principles both as regards those, pet
forth In the platform and those in ac
cordance with which wc manage the
party, will be welcomed Into our ranks.
will reat them on an entire equal
ity with oursdve. and will work hand
hand and shoulder to shoulder with
them for the betterment of the social.
Industrial and political condition of this
great nation
IN BITTER FIGHT
New York Woman Chosen by
Few Votes to Lead Demo
cratic Women.
MRS. SCOTT IN A CLASH
Former Board of Directors Is
Re-
elected to Serve Daring
the Year.
Onlv a majority of four votes gave the
presidency or the W oman a National
Democratic League to Mrs Sloven B
Ay res over Mrs John Sherwin Crosby
y csterdav afternoon after an acrimonious
session in which the nominating speeches
and the balloting were Interrupted by
hittes. Jeers, and cheers
Mrs Matthew T Scott, president gen
eral of the Daughters of the American
Revolution whose welcoming speech to
the league had created much comment,
was hissed during the speech In which
she n mlnated Mrs. Ay res
Session stormy One.
The election came at the end of the
convention's last session Into which the
delegates came with an Intensity of feel
ing that evinced Itself from the start.
Mrs bcott became a storm center from
the moment she arose to speak, and In
terruptions by questions, exclamations.
ejaculations, and assertions were fre
quent Before sho had concluded, she
and Mrs Crosby had clashed, and dele
bates from the floor bad precipitated
staccato discussions with the chair, with
Mrs. Scott and with each other, and Mrs.
beott, when hissing was heard, declared
tnat the serpent bad entered the Demo
cratic garden of paradise
The use of the name of President-elect
Wilson and Mrs Wilson by the speakers
as with authority was challenged almost
as often as made
Mrs. Scott said In part:
"There comes an hour In the history
of every great mov ement especially In
Its formative period when In tho selec
tion of Its leaders every consideration
must be thrown to the winds, except that
of ability and availability qualifications
adequate to the office with the capacity
to command, and weld In one diverse
conflicting interests.
inese elemental qualities have found
expression In the personality of a woman
of rare charm, gracious presence, strong
Continued on Pace Two.
$1.23 to Baltimore and Itelnra.
Saturdays and Sundays, Ma Pennsyl
vania Railroad Tickets rood returning
until 9 n m Monday. All regular train
VlCVl V.UU1UUSIUU1U 1.HI1HCB.
WASHINGTON. D. 0.. FRIDAY, JANUARY 10,
'mOlS Mm
VICTOR. THE VANQUISHED,
AND CENTER OF STORM
AMONG DEMOCRATIC WOMEN
At Top. Mrs. Stephen H. lyres.
vrho rras elected president.
Middle Mrs. .lohn Shersrln Crosby,
who vR ilefented for re-election.
Lower Sirs. Mnthew T. Scott.
who seconded Sirs. Ayres.
'Woman Unconscious from Gas.
Philadelphia. Jan 9 A young woman.
known only as Miss Preole, was found
unconscious from gas to-day In a room
ing house at 913 North Fifteenth Street.
Her condition Is critical. Among her
possessions was a card of J. Raymond
Davis. Atlantic Fertillitng Company,
Baltimore. s
Get Reedy to Vl.lt the MardI Gras
I New Orleans. Mobile. Pensacola.
Through train Berv ice by Southern Rail
way, between Washington and New Or
leans, via Atlanta and Montgomery; also
via Knoxvllle and Chattanooga Re
duced fares. Consult Agents, 7(0 15th
St.. and DOS F St. nw.
BtvfyBi&vsf
irijHOL-i ?Gwir ? " rsHHK
NOT JUST YET, BUT SOON.
" hat arc on cryin" about ?"
"The moon. I want to investigate it '
Representative Clark Now
a Member of Ananias Club
His Statements Made on Floor of the House Re
futed by the Association Under Whose Aus
pices He Spoke-and Some of His Hearers.
Herald's Report of Speech Correct.
Representative Frank Cltrk s futile at-1 aome of this Capitol rould not be seen
tempt on the floor of the House to nold above t
responsibility for statements he made at , , J09 Washington Herald, not having
. .i .k v.-... ..ki.n.f, '" privilege of the floor of th Housa
a mass meeting of tho K3t ashington 1. , , ,m..v ru....-.. ...
..... ..j i,. I to reply to Mr Clark, requested some
Democratic Association Monday night. of t,,e ,;,(,, prcsent at the Mon.
as reported by The Washington Herald. ,ja) nght meeting lo statv their opin
was thwarted last night through a reso- ion as to the hulk of the charges made
lutlon adopted by the Kast Washington I by the gentleman from Florida. 1 he
Democratic Association, which practl-1 following speaks for Itself
cally places Representative (.lark in the
Ananias Club
The East Washington Democrntlo As
sociation itself adopted a resolution at
its meeting last night, placing Itself on
record as declaring The Washington
Herald s report to be con-ret Additional
ly four titliens who heard the speech,
also de lared The Washington Herald's
report to be correct
The following excerpts from The Con
gressional Record of the proceedings of
the House for Januarv win snow ine
action of Representative Clark.
Question of Perianal Privilege.
Mr Clark of norlda Mr Speaker.
rise to a question of personal privilege
and ask that the clerk will read the
article In The Washington Herald of yes-
teiday around which the blue pencil has
been marked
The Speaker Without objection the
clerk will read
The clerk read as follows
"There are Senators and Representa
tives occupying seats In Congress to-day
who have allied themselves with real
estate sharks In this city to fleece the
government of hundreds of thousands
of dollars by seeking to sell to It large
areas of land In out-of-the-way places
for public park purposes, some of which
are In ravines so deep that the Capitol
could be set In them and you could not
see the Indian which surmounts Its
dome "
This was the statement made last night
br Representative Frank Clark of Flor
ida. It a speech at the mass meeting of
the Kast Washington Democratic Asso
c'atlon In Donohue's Hall, SH Pennsyl
vania Avenue Southeast.
Chnrse Kalnst Herald.
Mr Clark, of Florida- "Mr. Speaker, if
this publication referred only to me and
reflected only upon me I think I would
not ask the time of the House to mention
It But It puts me in the attitude as a
member of this House of arraigning not
only members of this body, but also
members of another branch of the legis
lative department of this government and
of charging them with the gravest of
crimes
"I desire to slate, Sir. Speaker,
that not one word of truth la con
tained In that statement. .1 desire
to aay that not a Ingle Washing
ton newspaper was represented at
that meeting, save the Washington
Slar, nnd the reporter of that pa
per gave about aa accurate an ac
count of the meeting aa I usually
given by reporters of newspa
pers. "What I did say. Mr Speaker, was
this, and I say It now. and the Con
gressional Record supports every word
of It. I did say that the District of
Columbia lias practically no government;
that it has three Commissioners, ap
pointed by the President, not responsible
In any sense to the people of the Dis
trict And I say that the real estate
sharks, according to my observation.
after eight years' of service in this city,
were controlling tho destinies of this
city. I did say that frequently in bills
there cornea before this House proposi
tions to buy waste places In out-of-the-way
locations for park purposes, and I
Instanced one case wherein I said there
was a proposition by a real estate con
cern to unload upon the government for
a fabulous price a large tract of land
having gullies in it so deep that I be
lieva the Capitol could bo planted In
the bottom of the gulf and that the
bead of the Indian that surmounts the
1913.-FOURTEEN" PAGES.
William McMahon. of CO C Street.
Northeast made the folowlng statement,
y esterday
'I was present at tho mass meeting
held by the East Washington Democratic
Association In Donohoe's Hall. Oil Penn
sylvania Avenue Southeast. Monday night.
January 6. 1113. heard the speech delivered
by Representative Frank Clark of Flor
ida and state that the report of his speech
as printed in The Washington Henld on
the following morning was correct."
F.H Arendes. of 610 d Street South
east, made the same statement
K Weaver, of 1412 Eleventh Street
Northwest madn the sime statement
William S Rilev. of MO Second Street
Southeast, made the same statement
In addition to this, the following reso
lution was adopted by the Last Washing
ton Democratic Association at its meet
ing last night.
"lie It rraelved. That the East
Washington Democratic Associa
tion hereby place itaelf upon rec
ord aw declnrlng that the report of
perch delivered by Representative
Frank Clark of I lorlda at n mass
meeting of the Kast Washington
Democratic Association, In Dono
hoe Hall, Monday night. January
6, 1013. aa printed In The Washing
ton Herald January 7, 3013, was
correct.
(Signed) lll,Utv s. IUI.K1,
President,
(signed! "I'VTRICK KEVMSDt,
"January J, IDI3. eeretary."
Herald Wni Represented.
Similarly erroneous waa Representa
tive Clark's statement that Tho Wash
ington Herald was not represented at
the meeting A reporter for The
Washington Herald attended the meet
ing, as citizens there will testify.
STEAMER ALCAZAR
CALLS FOR HELP
Norfolk. Va . Jan 9 The British
steamer Alcazar Is at the mercy of a
high sea off this port to-night,, and Is
signaling for help There is no reve
nue cutter In port that is able to go
to her asistance
Tho Alcazar signaled that her en
chor was gone and that the water Is
pouring In through her strained plates
LOOK FOR IT
Our Boys and Girls'
Illustrated colored sup
plement to The Wash
ington Herald starts next
Sunday with Tales of
Tarryvalc Town, The
Muscle Magic of the
Pitcher, The Dummy that
Lhed, Snow White and
the Seven Dwarfs, and
other interesting reading.
Get the First Copy
in Sundays Herald
SECRECY ABOUT
BANKBUSINESS
BAKEMICY
"Boss of Wall Street" Tells
Pujo Committee that Facts
Should Be Withheld.
HIS LIST OF HOLDINGS
Stockholder and Director in Ten or
More Banks and Many
Corporations.
The dcitrine of benificent lontrol by a
few was thoroughly explained before the
Money Trust Investigating Committee
yesterday when George F. Raker, the
"boss of Wall Street" and an intimate
associate of J P. Morgan, furnished his
testimony.
Despite the assertion by Comptroller of
tho Currency Lawrence O Murray that
bank examinations by the government
are archaic, despite the charge that the
clearing-house associations are unincor
porated and irresponsible organizations.
Baker Insisted that the facts relating to
banks' business should be withheld from
the public
If a depositor docsn t like the way a
bank is run he should withdraw his de
posit and take It elsewhere," was the
money barun s motto
The theory of Interlocking directorates
In big corporations was upheld by Baker,
although he admitted that the idea or
voting trustees, supplanting stockholders
would not be tolerated in his banks He
quoted Jay Gould's phrase. "I can settle
a dispute between two companies when
I belong to both," In support of the idea
of a powerful Interl cklng directorate be
tween various companies
Is Some Director.
Besides admitting that he held stock In
ten or more big banks. Baker admitted
was a director In the following cor
porations
Mutual Life Insurance Company Kqul-
tablo Life Insurance Companv. Adams
press Company Chicago, Burlington
and Quincy Railrrad. Chic tgo and Great
Northern Railroad. New i ork Central
Railroad. I rie Rallr'ad. Lehigh allev
Raiirojd Delaware Lackawanna and
Hudson Railroad. Reading Railroad Cen
tral Railroad of New Jersev, anil New
York, busquehanna and Acstern Rail
road
He was -not sure whether these roads
were competing lines and he declared
there was no Impropriety In being a di
rector on each of the lines. Regarding
the New York Susquehanna and Western
Railroad Raker "aid he did not know
how long he 1 ad Iwen a director, the
extent of the line or where It went.
"While the Money Trust Committee was
problmt into the affairs of Baker. Chair
man Pnjo presented to the House the un
animous resolution of the Committee on
Ranking and Currency that George G
Henry, a New York broker should be
held In contempt for hix refusal to an
swer the Money Trust Committee's qucs-
ontlnoed n PfiKe Kleirn.
SIGHT PANTHER
Repair Ship Fails to Touch at
Naval Station, Continuing
to Gulf of Guayacabo.
WINTHR0P IS WRATHY
Assistant: Secretary of Navy Deplores
Alarming Reports Spread Broad
cast on Land.
The -nival repair ship Panther about
which alarming reports have been pub
lished ever since the storm of last week,
was sighted off Guantanamo. Cuba, at 2
o clock yesterday afternoon She did net
touch at the naval station at Guan
tanama, but continued on her course to
the Gulf of Guayacabo. where the ves
sels of the AUantlc fleet will soon engage
in target practice. The Panther made
the trip from New York well within tho
time allowed her In calculations at the
Navy Department, where It was stated
yesterday that in view of the heavy
weather she must have encountered she
probably would not arrive off the Cuban
coast until to-day
In view of the persistence with which
reports have been published that the
Panther was lost, these reports, begin
ning more than four days before the
date she was due at her destination,
brought from Assistant Secretary of the
Navy W Inthrop a statement urging more
consideration for the relatives and
friends of the officers and men attached
to vessels of the navy.
Iteanlt ufExasajeratlon.
This statement by the Secretary was
partly due to the acknowlelgment of
the representative of one press associa
tion that he had had orders to write
alarming dispatches about tho Panther
since the first of the week As a result
of these dispatches, the wife of the com
manding officer of the Panther. Mrs. U
R de Stelgcur. hurried to Washington
J esterday In order to get the latest news
of the v essel from the Navy Department,
and the officers were flooded with anx
ious inquiries. Secretary Wlnthrop said.
"The entire department of the Navy
deprecates greatly the aarmlng reports
that are frequently sent out broadcast
from Irresponsible sources regarding
the probable injury to or loss of naval
vessels. Such reports always unneces
sarily create great distress in the minds
of the wives and families of officers
and men on the vessel concerned. They
can do no good, and merely pander to
a forbid sense of the community. The
department will always immediately
give to the press and the community at
large any report It receives of any dis
aster to any or Its vessels, and trusts
that such Irresponsible reports as have
been sent out several times In the past
will be checked."
Some Money S3T5.00X0O0.
Estimated cost of Panama Canal com
pleted. Now most Interesting and In
structive. Best reached by Southern Rail
way, through New Orleans and Key
West- Consult Agents. 70S lJth St. and
K5FSU nw.
AT GUANTANAMO
The Herald has the largest
morning home circulation, and
prints all the news of the world
each day,, in addition to many
exclusive features
ONE CENT.
TO BEHELD UPi
Democrats Plan to Refuse td
Confirm Any Names Sent
to Senate by President
MAY NOT NAME BOARD
Programme May Depend on Attitude
of So-called Progressive
Senators. '
By JOSEPH P. A.VIX.
Whether tho Senate Democrats permit
confirmations of army and navy appoint
ments nominated by President Taft to
go through without further delay after
the conclusion of the Archbald im
peachment trial or not. any nominations
which tho President may make for Dis
trict Commlsslonershlps will be denied
confirmation
This information, from what Is consid
ered an absolutey authentlo quarter,
was brought to the attention of Tho
Washington Herald yesterday afternoon
About the same time came Information
of a plan on the part of Republican
leaders to ke-p the Senate In ezecutlva
session continuously until March 4, un
less the Democrats withdraw from their
present arbitrary position on the Ques
tion of pending nominations
As far as the nominations for the new
board of District Commissioners art con
cerned, it Is understood that President
Taft lias been notified of the decision ot
Democratic leaders In tho Senate not to
lonflrm his nominations for these ofil
ce and certain Democrats yesterday
ixpressed the opinion that the Presi
dent would not attempt to name the
t board, permitting the Incumbents
to lomlnue In office until after March 4
when President Wilson may send up
such nominations as he desires.
Democrats who had learned of the teJ
tative rlan to keep the Senate In eeu-i
tive session until March 4 unless Presi
dent Taft h nominations are confirmed,
were not Inclined yesterday to b great
Iv perturbed over the Information If
such a plan Is successfully carried out.
they claimed, the odium for the defeat
of the appropriation bills will attach to
the Republicans rather than to the Demo-1
irat and the appropriation bills, given!
two lemoeratic houses can be passed
and agreed to e.Iy enough In the short
esion to prevent any serious blockading1
of the tariff and monetary- legislative
programme The next tVical year, for
whU h the appropriation bills are to tv
enacted does not begin until July L
It Is understood that the extra session
will be Vallfd by President Wilson not
later than March 1! and it probably will
be a "couple -of weeks before the firt
tariff rcvMon bill, if a schedule by che-j
dule revision Is decided upon, will b
sent over from the Houe. If a blanket
revision bill is determined upon the ber
ate it is believed will be given ample
time to wade through the appropriation
bills without eriouslv delaying the tar-l
Iff programme
" 'moot I radii Taft Forrn.
erator Smoot of Ltah Is t the head
o the plan to tl up Senate bu-lne's
until the Taft nominat'ons. or a goodly
portion of them, shall have been con
llrmed As ha been true foe omc tlm In
party conflicts in the nate. the suc
cess or failure of the plan depends
largely upon the attitude of the rro
grosive Republicans and the two mem
bers who are known simply as Progres
sive'. Senators Polndetter and Dixon.
Mtsrs. LIvon and Polndexter are not
believed to be In favor of Joining wltli
their (ate party associates In the battle
for Republican office Progressive Re
publicans are not inclined to commit
themselves to the plan or to take a defi
nite stand against It The regulars be
lieve, however, that if they can obtain
the support of a part of the Progres
sive wing thev can put the plan through.
The Senators who conceived the Idea
of forcing action from the Democrats ar
quietly testing out the sentiment of their
colleagues before calling for caucus ac
tion on the proposition. s an argument
tl-ey throw out the suggestion that the
defeat of the appropriation bills mar re
sult In so serious an obstacle to the
Democratic tariff programme as to seri
ously hamper the new administration
This, they maintain, would be good
politics
TWO EX-PRESIDENTS'
WIDOWS IN CAPITAL
Mrs. Benjamin Harrison and Mrs.
GroTer Cleveland Will Be Dinner
Guests of Mrs. Taft.
For probably the first time In hlstorr.
two widows of former Presidents of the
United States to-day will be in the Na
tional Capital at the same time.
Mrs Grover Cleveland, widow of the
last DemocraUo President, and Mrs. Ben
jamin Harrison, widow of his prede
cessor, will be In Washington to-day
Roth will he guests of President and
Mrs. Taft at dinner at the White House
to-morrow. Mrs Cleveland lived In the
White House for eight years, and Mrs.
HaiTison for four. The chances that
have taken place in the Executive Man
sion since their departure have been
marked, and they are certain to find
much of Interest In the changed "Old
Homestead "
Mrs. Harrison will reach tho city this
morning She l to be tho guest of her
sister. Mrs. Parker, widow of Command
er Paiker. U. S. N . at the hitter's apart
ments In the Westmoreland. Her visit
here at this time was. in a way, espe
cially designed to attend the dinner
which tne "flrst lady of the land" Is to
tender her predecessors
So, in Washington at the sirae time to
day, are the w idows of two former Presi
dents, in addition to the discoverers of
the north and south poles Commodore
Peary and CapL Amundsen.
Mrs. Cleveland and her daughter. Miss
Esther Cleveland, ""the White House
baby." spent yesterday In a round of
receptions and social events. They were
entertained at an elaborate reception
by Mrs. John Hays Hammond at her
handsome residence In Massachusetts
Avenue. Prof. Thomas Preston, fiance
of Mrs Cleveland, was among the
guests.
Numerous entertainments are being
planned for Mrs. Harrison, and It is
likely that besides the White House
function, the two noted women will be
seen In company at numerous other
social events, lending an especial lusttr
to this winter season In tne Capital.

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