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THE WASHINGTON HERALD, THURSDAY. JANUARY 23, 1913.
THE WASHINGTON HERALD
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New York BrTitaUTe. i WIU3KUU1MI.
tTEClAL AOENCT. Brunswick BaUdiut.
Chlc.ro BeprnentaU.c. A. B. KEATOB, TU
Atlantic City llrrmcnubie. C K. ABBOT.
RJ BarUttt Huildtej
Not Fair to Wikon Pledges.
Yhc Senate i filibustering against
Mr Taft's nominations to office. There
is no di'guisc, no pretense that the men
named are not fit, and not a whisper
that Mr. Tail as an Executive is not
cxcrci-ms hi-, constitutional functions
in filling thcc acancies The office
brokers declare that a number of Dem
ocratic politician- wish to put Dem
xra in the vacant place-, and that,
lhcretore. it i proposed to prcent con
firmation tor political reason'
Mr Taft Ins announced that he will
make no appointment to such an im
portant pot as the amba5ador.hip to
(.reat Britain, but will leave the ta-k
to his successor Tact and good sense
characterize that decision, but in the
urdman. course of business the Senate
ha- no possible justification for hold
ing up the nomination-, if the nomi
nee are capable men of good char
acter, for obstruction based solclv oil
poli-ical considerations is a plain con
tracntion of the con-titutional tunc
The particular injur which obstruc
tioui-ts arc rc-ponsible for is bem;
inflicted direct upon their own part)
and upon the incoming Wil-on adminis
fa ion Gov Wil-on doubtless is keen
Im -et the blow to the moral weight
of the Democratic party that the spoil
mtngcrs arc tmvvittinslv, or at least
reiklessh. aiming at the part
I this tunc the President-elect has
attracted the attention of the countr
b lu- high resolves. At his birth
place in Staunton he dedicated himself
and hi- party to an unwavering, sin
glc-nundcd devotion to the nation, to
the realization of the larger good In
l lucagu. with the eloquence of an en-
Im-ia-t. lie erected standard- of con
duit for the business man, for the
politician, for the public-spirited citi
zen which denoted a conception of
il'itv - loft that it was regarded bv
-.it a- the da dream of a closet
philo-ophcr What will the countr be
lieve a- to hi- -incent and the good
aith ot the Democratic part, upon
wbn'i he mti-t depend for the further
in i t Ins policic-, if the exhibit of
niclii. t cnn-i-ts of a degrading scram
M ! - nhice and an ab'usc of power in
t c it unpt t. -ei7c the -poll-'
What "Constitution" Means in Russia.
The Hi 1 aid k-ng ago announced that
ne lourtli Ku-sian Douma would be
rcaUionan, and that for this reason
negotiations for the making of a new
ireotv wrh the United States would be
macticall under the control of the
g eminent Now comes information
which goc- to -how thai although the
Letts arc fewer in number than in
anv previous Dounia. the popular move
ment has developed -o cnorniousl that
11 mil- be considered as a factor in
Ihc to;irth Dounia exhibits a gain of
it- -cats b the party ot the Extreme
Kiglit The Octobrisls, who made
athcr feeble stand for constitutional
government, lost 50 scats The general
dfvi-ion is as follows. Right, i6j; Cen
ter 144, Left, 125 The Socialists
l considered, of cour-c, as a part of the
extreme Left) have 12 representatives.
as against lj in the third Douma.
Cut these figure- do not signify
mm h In the first two Doumas, which
were chosen after the revolutionary
movement of 1905, the membership de
clined to do the bidding of the gov-
ci nment Both w ere briefly dismissed, the
irar expressing "his sorrow" at the
fact that he "found it impossible to do
iscful constructive work with their
help" Then came the election law of
KJ07 whichjguarantecd to return a ma-
c.ntv for the government. Without
going into details of this legislation, it
i enough to sa.v that its results were
mlv "on paper" Although precise
statistics of the late election are lacking
11 1- evident from the popular ballot
that in the larger cities the radical
vote more than doubled In St Pe-
ersburg, for example, the percentage
increjsed from 9 1-2 to 19 1-2 per cent,
and in Moscow from 9 per cent all the
wav up to 29 per cent.
The cause of constitutional govern
ment thus rcallv won a victory in Rus--1a
But until that which is merely a
popular victory now later on be trans
formed into a parliamentary victory, if
ever the people arc sufficiently strong
and organized, they will more success
ful! renew the fight for representative
Justice to the Indian.
'- The Senate Indian Committee his
done well to recommend an increase of
the appropriation for the prevention
and treatment of dangerous contagious
diseases among the Indians. The story
of the decimation of once populous
tribes by tuberculosis and trachoma
particularly has been revealed in
startling way this year. The Public
Health Service's surgeons have under-1
taken an extensive investigation of the
conditions which threaten to leave lit
tle or nothing of the red man whose
name was once a synpnym for virility.
Students of the Indian problem di
vide generally into two classes. The
"sink-or-swim". school holds that the
Indian has been weakened by govern
mental control too long; that his vital
ity, industry, and initiative have been
sapped by enforced residence on a
reservation. Give him the same oppor
tunity and make him take the same
chances that a white, man docs, and he
will solve his own destiny, is the "sink-
or-swim doctrine, un tne otner siac
arc found those who hold that the In
dians are national wards, incapable of
caring for themselves, and ripe, once
the governmental protection is removed,
for exploitation at the hands of the un
Regardless of the merits of these
theories, the Fodcral government has
a responsibility for the protection of
the health not onl of the Indians
stricken with tuberculosis and tra
choma, hut of the public, which may
be endangered through the spread of
this di-easc. The $90,000 which the
llou-c appropriated was obviously too
little to enable the government to cope
with ihc trul staggering situation,
which never would have been permitted
to -prcad'to such an extent among any
bodv of citizens -ave the descendants
of the original owners of this rich land.
That "Woman' Party."
If it is true that the Colorado suf
fragist- arc contemplating the forma
tion of a "Woman's Part," because
the arc dissatisfied with the treatment
accorded them in the distribution of
offices, the will alienate voters in
non-uffragc State- from their move
ment for equal franchise rights
It has alwavs been contended bv the
advticatcs of votes for women that the
franchise was sought as a means of
social progrc-s, and that woman's in
fluence in shaping legislation and 111
pressing for the correction of abuses
1- cs-ential to intelligent and rational
progre If political divisions on sex
lines are to be introduced just to make
the scramble for spoils more intense,
outsiders will find their fight for po
litical justice doubly difficult
A "Woman's Part," vvlucli has no
higher ideal than offices, will find it
difficult to persuade the public that its
aspirations for higher service arc not
The Increased Army Budget.
The change of Democratic sentiment
with regard to the arm, as expressed
by an increase in the military budget
of S.?,ooo,ooo over that of last ear, is
significant in that it mark- the conver
sion of Dcmocrac to the belief tliat
the maintenance of an adequate 1111I1
tarv establishment 1- consistent- with
the progress of civil libert. an opinion
which is in sympathy with that of the
While this in pleasing, it was not
unexpected, because part tradition
which denounces standing armies was
quietly dropped in Democrat's last
profession of faith. Therefore,
we face almost a phenomenon , A
Democratic Congress provides more
cash for the arm than did the Rcpub
licans. whose "cMravagancc for the.
arm and nav" was fiercely dc-
flounced Democratic President will
approve of it and a Democratic War
Secrctar will expend the funds Truly,
time- have changed. Democracy seek
mg to get into power, and Democracy
in power, -ccm to be two different
Another thing cquallv -lgmficant is
that the present appropriation involves
no special lcgi-lation, nor docs it ap
pear in the form of a bill with a
"rider" attached to it. Thus, the old
Roman dictum pnee more proves itself
true, that "if two do the same thing, it
is not of necessity the same thing."
It is fresh in the memory of all
that only a year ago the Democrats
tried their best to curtail our mounted
force, but were prevented by a Repub
lican Senate. Novy the "authorized
strength" is left a it is. and more
cash is appropriated for its mainte
nance! If Mr Wil-on's advertised "progress
ive policy" includes the maintenance of
an arm, modern and up-to-date, suf
ficient to garrison our possessions and
to make such a showing that its very
existence will be a standing memento
to others to leave the United States
alone in other words, to avert the
possibility of war then he will find
universal support, whether the policy
be of Republican or of Democratic
Pujo 1 Spanish, and ! pronounced
"Pew-ho." It does not follow, how
ever, that certain congressional in
quisitors have pirated ancient Span
ish methods to help their trust-busting
"Should every woman have a vote?"
was the question asked Col. Roose
velt recently. "Every woman should
have a vote a voter." delightedly and
diplomatically bulled the Bull-mooser.
Ex-Senator 'William I.orimer Is now
the self-constituted Moses whose am
bition is to lead the G. O. I out or
the political wilderness.
A LITTLE NONSENSE..
' 'ODODV, CAIIES.
Tommy's 'horn Is broken now;
' He cannot make tt blare.
The folka are sorry, they avow, .
But do they really care?
Mary's doll that uaed to cry
To-day emits no yell.
While dad Is sorry, by the by,
He bears up very welL
Dilapidated are the toys
And we have peace the while.
Regretful are the ulrls and boya,
But older people smile.
Wlty la Thlaf
It always surprises us to learn that a
Elrt who will let us kiss her occasionally
trrants the same prlvllese to other
Her Sarautle Slam.
"I see the women are coins to wear
medieval costumes in that suffragette
parade." remarked Mr. Wombat pleas
antly. "What are you going to wear.
"My medieval hat," said Mrs. wombat
And there were no further remarks.
Jnnnnrj- 23 In lllitory.
January 23. 13SS Mary. Queen of Scots.
borrows Queen Elizabeth's coronet braid.
January U. 1171 Richard the Lion-
hearted buys a suit of ready-made
armor. His tailor refused further credit.
'Old ou notice that woman who just
passed ?" inquired he.
"The one," res-ponded she, "with the
gray hat, the white feather, the red
velvet roses, the mauve Jacket, the black
skirt, the mink furs, and the lavender
lonomliinc ofttimes pajf.
Although 'it is a jar,
I'll ko without meat seven days
And buy a motor car.
A QnlrW Cnrr.
"Why has Gayboy quit all his clube?"
' He heard that his wife posed as an
Interesting widow at several recent social
Then llr anil.
"I wouldn t shave myself to-day,
"Want to Insinuate that I've been drink-
ins. eh7 h stormed.
"Not at all. Hut that Isn t a Clip of
lather ou brought In from the kitchen
just now. That's J. charlotte russe."
"Your grandfather is pretty old. isnt
"Yes. he's an old ehsp lie can remem
ber the time when the New York evening
papers were published In the after
WILL MAKE NOTE
Government's Reply to Protest Against
Canal Tolls to Be Issued
bceretao of State Knox esterday aft
cnoou announced that the text of his
reply to the British note of protest
upalnst the Panama Canal tolls legis
lation will be made public In the United
b'tatts and Great Britain simultaneously
to-morrow morning, following Its presen
tation to the British Parliament this aft
ernoon. The Knox note was cabled to London
Saturda and presented to Sir Edward
Grev. Minister for Foreign Affairs, last
Monday It was suggested by the Unit
ed States that the text of the note be
given, to the new f papers of both coun
tries that night. for publication on
Tuc.-day morning, but Sir Edward ob
jected to this plan, because of his de
sire to have the note go to Parliament
before it publication The note was
a'to placed In the hands of Ambassador
Brvce In Washington.
The State Department Is anxious to get
the text of the reply to Sir Edward
Gre's note before the people of the
United States, Inasmuch as it Is the first
opportunity the administration has had
of putting forth a complete statement of
the American side in the canal contro
vert Jt is declared that an Impartial
judgment of the merits of the contro
t ray Is Impossible until many additional
fuits have ben brought out. as has
been done In the Knox note to Sir Ed
The Knox note In Intended to narrow!
down the questions at Issue between the,
two governments in regard to the Pan-1
ama Canal act, granting free tolls to I
American fchlps engaged in coastwise
hipping, and ft also undertakes to en
lighten the British government as to Just
what Irs meant by coastwise trade" tn
the law to which Great Britain has made
CALL ON PRESIDENT.
Corn t lull no tcnil nolher I)us)
Ttn- In Capital.
Twent -three boj.. who earlier In the
da had received diplomas from Sec
retary of Agriculture Wilson for growing
superior crops of corn In twenly-thtco
State", were received by President Taft
in his office cstcrday afternoon at 3
'clock The joung farmers were Intro
duced to the President by Representative
McKinley. who has taken a keen Inter
est in them.
They were received also by the Agri
cultural Committee of the House. An
address of welcome was made to tbcm
by Representative John Lamb of Vir
ginia, chairman of the committee. After
leaving the committee they visited the
Bureau of Engraving and Printing, where
the saw stamps and paper money being
Among the most Interesting of the boys
Is Walter Bridges, of Dawson, Ga., who
Is JuBt ten years old and who has raised
1V bushels of corn to his acre of land.
While he did not raise as much corn as
seme of the boys, the size of the ears
Is larger than the corn of any other com
petitor. The little boy is here under the
care of his mother.
Frank G. Brockman, of Amhurst Coun
ty, Va, Is said toNhave had the hardest
time bringing up his crop. Winds,
dougth, and rains jyemed to conspire
against him, but he succeeded In raising
fifty bushels to the acre.
PETWORTH CITIZENS MEET.
Lower Mfl on (eorgla Avrnilr
ram t'auarx l)leusliii.
At the monthl) meeting of the Pet
worth Citizens' Association Tuesday
night a h"ated discussion was caused by
the Introduction ot a resolution asking
the Washington Light and Power Com
pany to lower tho steps on Its cars run
ning out Ninth Street and Georgia Ave
nue. The resolution was referred to a
Joint committee of associations Interested
In the matter.
Paul Lee Bcsh. former president of the
association. maMe a plea In defense of
the railway company, saving that It
could withdraw Its. 'present cars alto
gether If the peopltmade any objection
to them. W. II. Cromwell, who presided,
declared that the company could do no
such thing without the consent of the
Interstate Commerce Commission.
W. Oyster offered a resolution -op
posing the proposed road to Gettysburg, I
r.. In memory of Lincoln. He favored 1
a Creek templcas the best memorial. I
Br GEOBOB FITCH..
t' ABtfcov at "At flood Old flwosk."
Complexions are worn by everybody
but are most highly prized by women
who wouldn t be able to Keep house
without one at any rate not for a hus
band. A complexion consists of the hide with
which the face Is upholstered. It varies
in color from purple to alabaster, but
the most valuable complexion Is a ahell
llke white with pink trimmings. With a
complexion of this sort , assisted by a
few deft dimples and no brains what
ever to back it up from behind, a wom
an can .often go forth and accumulate
111.000,000 worth of husband.
That Is about all complexions are good
for outside of theaters acquiring hus
bands. A fine, delicate complexion is
more soothing to look at than a JMO.000
painting or & Snlss sunset, and after a
man has gotten enthusiastic over it ho
simply has to have It around the house.
Men do not get married on their com-,
piexlons. About all a man's complexion
ever -does for him Is to lose him his Job
now and their when It becomes too viru
lent around the nose.
Complexions are of two sorts per
manent and detachable. After a natural
complexions has acquired season cracks,
and the pink has faded out of It. some
thing has to be done in. the Interest
of art and the detachable complexion
uea. This comes In boxes and can
be put on with brushes At night It can
be removed with a damp rag. The de
tachable complexion Is Immensely popu
lar because It requires no earo andxcan
be removed In a few minutes, whereas
the complexion that comes with the face
is harder to keep In order than a six-
cylinder racing car.
A good complexion Is a Kreat boon to
STATESMEN REAL AND NEAR
It Is fascinating to listen to the con
versation of Representative Charles
Manly Stedman of North Carolina He
Is a tall, erect, white-haired gentleman
of distinguished appearance, and his
language Is always that of a scholar.
Ills sentences are all framed with much
".ire and are noteworthy for their, pol
ished diction He never split an In
finitive in his life Most of his evcrj
ila talk might have been lifted right
from the Atlantic Monthl).
'ina jci. in mm tan iu uinurain. rum--
And j et. let him fall to discussing some-
the Progressive movement,
ample ind lie can Insert swear words
right into tlm midst ot his highbrow
phrases with an unexpectedness that Is
startling. Immediately he apologizes.
"I rarely use piofanlty, ' he save, "but
there ire vow things that annoy me
excecdlngl " Then he resumes his
M-holarly talk about one thing and an
other, and presently the discussion
brings him up to woman suffrage, let
us say Again he departs from his regu
lation phraseoloEl to hurl a few vigor
ous, uncatalogued swear words after
vvhlih. as usual, ho apologize, explain
ing that while he rarci stoops to pro
fane language, there are some present
diy tendencies that stir his Ire to a
point where ordinary words do not tit
He in Indubitably the most scholarly
swearer in Coigres.
Anjbody standing at the right snot at
the right moment In the big Union Sta
tion here a few nights ago. would Have
seen Reprewitalve Ben Johnson of Ken
tucky performing an odd chore.
It wouldn't have looked so funny if
Johnson were not so tall and of such ll
nlfled appearance. He stood by the bis
gate where moit of the passengers were
coming from a train, and ever' few mo
ments remarked. In a tone of authority,
to nobody In particular
"Right this way, Mand. Ill take care
Now. there wasn't anybody named
Mandy there. ou understand, and every
body wondered why a Congresman
hould be standing there salnc over and
over again: "Right this waj. Mandy.
I'll take earc of jou "
What sense was there to a man doing
such a thing as that
After he had said it man times. John
son went away, but in a couple 01 nours
he was back again, repeating the same
line, with the same calm dignity an be
People were puzzled
Yet It was all simple enough
The Johnsons hod ent to Kentucky for
a cook, yclept Mandy. They knew her
name, but that was all. they did not
even know for sure which train would
bring her, and she knew Just as little
about them But. according to reports,
she was a wonderful cook who could
play culinary selections on a gas stove
GOTHAM POLICE NAB
FOUR STAGE. WESTERNERS
ACCUSED OF GOLD THEFT
New York. Jan 22. Four picturesque
Westerners were arrested to-day .as
the alighted from the Pittsburg Ex
press at the Grand Central depot.
The men were taken Into itistody at
the request or the Leadville (Colo.) po
lice, on a charge of havlnjr stolen
J'.O.OOO in gold dust In mines in which
they had been emplojcd They are.
Romalne Molder. Eugene Dcrtolato.
John Prearszenl, and John Zadr all
except the last named, Italians; Zadr
Is a Hungarian. They wore wlde-brlm-med
sombreros, short corduroy coats
with buttoned patch pockets, corduroy
trousersricgglngs. and in lieu of col
lars, red bandanna handkcrclhcfs knot
ted around their necks.
When searched at the West Forty
seventh Street Police Station each of
the men were found to have a quantity
of gold dust and nuggets concealed In
a leather and goatskin belt, worn next
to the skin. The police estimated the
totals value at SIO.OOO.
.;iS before- Macistrate
. ,fr w..t Sm. Vsonit ihS
" i" J.hSfi HLCZZy:l
four men demanded to know why they
had been arrested. Benjamin F. Green
baum. a lawyer, took up their defense.
and added his demands to theirs. The
men possessed tickets which Indicated
that they Intended sailing for Europe
to-morrow. They were held without
ballfor a further examination on Sat
urday, when more detailed Informa
tion" willhave arrived from Leadville.
LTNER WRECKED; CREW SAVED.
t Ulerimire. Baltimore to Liverpool,
llrenki Back on Bocks.
Utemool. Jan. The liner Ulster-
more, from Baltimore for Liverpool, went
ashore on a rand bank at the mouth cf
Mersey River to-day and broke her
Two boats rescued the passengers and
crew. The loss is over Sl.000,000.
A pilot launch rescued the fifty mem
bers of tte crew after a thrilling battle
with wind and waves and during a heavy
The Ulstermcre was driven on a ledge
of rocks by the heavy sea and the con
tinual pounding broke her back, and she
lj now regarded ns a hopeltss wreck.
J!orc tioTr Here In May.
The third annual""meetlng of the Na
tional Capital Horse Show will be held
May 3, 5, 6. and " In the horse show
arrounda. District Burvevor Melvln C
Hazen has been chosen aa director of the
the landscape, but unless it Is installed
and kept In good repair by naturef It is
pretty hard on the Intellect, When a
"About All a, maa'a complexion rrtr doe is leae
him job bmt and then."
woman has to spend a couple of hours
a day putting on her complexion, re
adjusting It wherever she can And a
mirror and keeping It from being blown
off by the wind or kissed oft by her
children, she hasn't much time left to
devote to the Inflammable questions of
the day. And when a wcnian has to
take care of a complexion and a dog
both, posterity .seldom needs to pass a
vote of thanks In her behalf.
(Copjnsht, 13, by Ceori Mathe Adirna.)
Just by ear. producing Southern dishes
of rare quality and fragrance. She was
too good a cook to lose, and she was not
accustomed to finding street addresses
in strange cities. ' '
And that was the reason why the dig
nified Congressman went to all the trains
and cried out. every time be saw an able
bodied colored woman
"night this way. Mandy: I'll take care
About half of the United States Sena-
1 tm.rm .. ..i,,.,,.! , .. . ...
tenuis,, 1 ,vr .iii-ii iiwuua fauuiiB niiu
have to wait many moments before the
food supllcs come, they gTOw extreme
y ireuui ana au noi Know wnai 10 ao
fvvith their hands.
One day there happened to be a big
dish of apples on a table in the private
henitoriai dtnlng-room. where all could
help themselves. A number of Sena
tors did help themselves) and sat peel
ing their applex while awaiting the ar
rival of their other food, as conlenteflly
a- a child with a new picture book.
So long as n Senator had an apple to
uhlttle, he was free from Impatlvice.
Ever since then there has been a
little dish of apples In the private dining-room,
and not once has there been
complaint of slow service
One bright morning when Senator
Stone of Missouri was a small boy
down In his native Kentuck). a couple
nf older bo) asked him to Join them
in a little adventure, promising to show
him something worth seeing. And they
kept their word.
He followed them to the edge of a
woods and across a little valley they
rould eo several thousand men engaged
in serious conflict There sounded volleys
of cannon and men fell dead and d)lng.
The bojs could not see all they wished
to. for they dared not go an closer.
Nit It was a sight Stone regards as
the most noteworthy of his whole life.
It was the battle of Richmond. Ky
John Sharp Williams stepped out of
the Senate chamber In response to the
ard of Bob Gates, who Is a Washing
ton correspondent of distinguished ap
pearance and much political sapience.
Bob asked lilm a number of questions,
and then. In parting, he asked
"By thf way. Senator, have ou got
a gudl cigar about )ou? 'putting the
request under the bead of unfinished
"No. I haven't but one left and I Just
now bit the end off it preparatory
lighting it." replied John Sharp.
"If I d Just been a 'minute or two
sooner suggested Bob
"Not exactly," said the Senator. "The
fact Is. when I started out here
the end off the cigar Just f"r fear you
mignt ask for it
Connjtit. UU, by Fd (J Ktllj All rijMs
TO GIVE $1 TO EACH
CHILD BORN IN TOWN
New Haven. Conn. Jan. 22 It won't
be the fault of the directors of the
Orange Bank at Wet Haven. Conn. If
the rising generation of that town does
not rtevtlop Into J. P Morgans or Hetty
The directors of the hank met to-day
and announced that beginning to-morrow
every person born within the cor
porate limits of the town would be
given a bank book with one dollar placed
to his iredlt, and following the publica
tion of this announcement the town au
thorities held n special meeting and
adopted as a slogan for (he place: "Be
liorn In West Haven and start life
The suggestion that the bank make
this step -was made by the president of
the bank. Watson F. "VVoodrufr, and the
remaining memtcrs or the board voted
to endow each tot who after to-morrow
first sees the light of dav In West
Haven. The treasurer was directed to
use the official return of births to the
town cIrk's office as his guide, and to
frward each book to the fond and id-
I" parents without unnecessary de-
350 PILGRIMS DIE IN FLOOD.
War to Shrine Drowned
Aaen. Arabia. Jan. Si Three hundred
and fifty Mcslem pilgrims, on their way
to the shrine in Mecca, were overwhelmed
by a mountain flcod near Yanbo to-day
The victims were caught In a narrow
defile and were unable to flee when the
torrent burst upon them.
The unfortunate pilgrims were on their
way to the Mosque of the Prophet In Me
dina, which rtands upon the spot where
Mohammed Is supposed to hare died.
The prophet's tomb also stands at Medina.
Thousands of pilgrims annually go to
Meetlnir of 'Gaelic Society.
"Some Brehon Laws" was the subject
of an interesting address, delivered by
Iir.'Thomas C. Carrlgan at the monthly
meeting or the Gaelic Society of Wash
ington, held at the New Wlllard last
right. jmong those who contributed to
the musical programme weie John Nolan.
Mrs. William T. Reed. J M. Bowie, Mi's
Lillian Koechllng. and. Miss Jennie D.
Glennan. Mgr. Thomas J. Shahan la
president of the society and Miss Theresa
T. Lane secretary.
Boston's -roriaiiy select circle, a said
to number 7M names,
The Story of
The First President
Life of Washington
Usable to Collect Customs in the Colonies, ParUc:nt Takes a Step Further
and ResoWes to Secure 'Them Forcibly The More Met by Unirtrsal
Indignation and Resistance The Passage of the Famous Stamp Act a
Further IacentJTe to Protest and Practical Defiance.
(CbnrtlM. IOC, br Harper t. Broa. All rijbtj re-
(CorrrfiM. Vli. br JlcCinre Ntwapapcr Syndicate.)
The acts of trade practically forbade
direct commerce with foreign countries
or their dependencies, especially in for
eign bottoms; but ships from France,
Spain, and the Canary Iales came and
went very freely, notwithstanding. In
colonial ports, for royal officials liked to
enjoy a comortable peace and the esteem
of their neighbors, and very genially
winked at such transgressions.
Cargoes without number were sent to
the Dutch and Spanish West Indies
every year, and as many brought thence,
which were undoubtedly forfeit under
the navigation laws Parliament had been
at such pains to elaborate and enforce;
and privateering as well as smuggling
had for long afforded the doughty sea
men of Boston. Salem. Charleston, and
New York a genteel career of profit
Indnlge In Illegal Trade.
Things had com to such a pass that
where business went briskly the people
of the colonial ports demanded as of
right "a full freedom of Illegal trade."
and brake sometimes Into riot when it
was denied them. The Boston News
Letter had been known very courteously
to mourn the death of a worthy col
lector of his majesty s customs because,
"with much humanity." he had been
used to take "pleasure In directing mas
ters of vessels how- they ought to avoid
the breach of the acts of trade "
Sea captains grew accustomed to ver
confidential relations with owners and
consignees, and knew very well, with
out official counsel, how to take the
advice "not to declare at the custom
house," and things went very easily
and cordially with, all parties to, the
In K61 that understanding was of a
sudden rudely broken and the trouble
began, which Grenvllle" had the folly
to add to. The Board or -Trade -termlned
to collect the duties on sugar,
molasses, and rum. so long and so sys
tematical! evaded in the trade between
New England and the West Indies. at
whatever cost of suit and scrutiny, and'
directed their agents In Boston to de
mand "writs of assistance' from the
courts, giving them leave to enter what
premises they would )n search of smug
Colonists 11-sUt -Senrrli IVarranU.
There were Instant exasperation and
resistance. General search warrants,
opening every man's door to the officers
of the law. with or without Just and ex
plicit ground of suspicion against him.
no English subject anywhere would sub
mit to: and vet these writs authorized
Issued under a questionable extension
to America of ail exceptional power of
the Court of Exchequer, they violated
every precedent of the common law, no
less than every principle of prudent ad
ministration; and the excitement which
they provoked was at once deep and
ominous. Sharp resistance was made
in the 'courts, and nu officer ever ven
tured to serve one of the obnoxious writs
Such challenge of the process was ut
tered by colonial counsel upon trial of
the right, moreover, that ministers would
be without excuse should they Ignore
the warning, so explicit and so eloquent
of rcvolutlonar purpose.
Warned by n Colonist.
It was James Otis who uttered It He
had but the other day carried the roa!
commission In his pocket as advocate
eneral in his majesty s Court of Ad
miralty, but he would not have scrupled.
even as his majesty's servant, he said.
to oppose the exercise of a power which
already had cost one King kls head
and another his throne To oppose In
such a case was to defend the very con
stitution under which the King wore his
crown. That constitution secured, to Eng
lishmen ever where the rights of free I
men. the colonists had, beside", tne. piajn
guarantees of their own charters' If con
stitution and charters failed, or were
gainsaid, the principles of natural rea
son sufficed for defense against -measures
so arrogant and so futile No lawer
could justify these extraordinary writs:
no Kins with an,army at his back could
ever force them to execution.
Protest not only, but defiance, rang
very clear in these fearless words, and
ministers must avow themselves verv
ienorant. should they pretend the did
not know how Mr Otis had kindled lire
from one end of tho colonies to the
other. But Grenville was resolute to take
all risks and push his policy
, The Oluioxlons Mnill ct.
He did not flrilch from the enforce
ment of the measures of KiH. nnd in the
session of. ITtT. calmly fulfilled his prom
ise ot furthir taxation. Ut projioscd
that the colonists should be required to
u. revenue stamps .tiDon all their com-
oncrclal paper, legal documents, pamph
lets, and newspapers; ana mat. at 0111c,
asS cenerat measure of convenience and
a salutary exhibition of autliorit). his
majesty's troops stationed In the plan
tations -should be billeted on ne peopic.
Parliament readily acquiesced. It was
thus Grenville purposed "defralng the
expenses of defending, protecting, ami
securing" the colonies: but he came near
losing them Instead.
The act was pabscd in Marcn. 11 was
not to co into effect until November;
but the colonists did not keep him wait
ing until November for their protests.
It was the voice ot a veritable tempest
that presently came over sea to the ear
of the startled minister. And it was not
the General Court of turbulent Massa
chusetts, but the House of Burgesses of
loyal Virginia that first spoke the gen
A Polite Protest.
Already In the autumn of 17H. upon
the mere threat of what was to come.
that House Had spoken very urgently
acamst the measures proposed, in a
memorial to the King and Parliament.
which, amidst every proper phrase of
lovaltv and affection, had plainly de
clared It the opinion of his majesty's
subjects In Virginia that such acts would
be in fiat violation of their undoubted
rights and liberties; and the committee
by which that memorial was drawn up
had contained almost every man of chief
consequence In the counsels ot tne col
ony, the King's attorney general him
self not excepted.
But It was one thing to protest
against measures to come and quite an
other to oppose their execution when
enacted Into laws. The one was consti
tutional agitation; the other, flat re
bellion little less.
It was very ominous to read the words
of the extraordinary resolutions passed
by th Burgesses on the 50th of May,
i;5, after tho. stamp act had become
la,w. and not? the tone 'or restrained
passion that ran tnrougn mem.
They declared that from the first the
settlers of "hla majesty's colony and
domain" of Virginia, had possessed and
enjoyed a'l the. privilege-;, franchises,
and Immunities at any time enjoyed by
the people or Great Britain ItseJr; and
that this, their freedom, had been ex
plicitly secured to them by their char
ters, "to all Intents and purposes as if
they had been abiding and born within,
the realm of England." "that the taxa
tion of the people by themselves, or
perzons chosen by themselves, to rep
represent them" was "a distinguishing
characteristic of British freedom, with
out which the ancient constitution" of
the realm itself could not subsist: "and
that his majesty's liege people of this
most ancient colony" had "uninter
ruptedly enjoyed thertgbt or being thus
governed by their assemblies In th
article of their taxes and Internal po
lice. ' had never forfeited or relinquished
It. and had seen it "constantly recog
nized by the Kings and people ot Great
An I ncnnipromlalne Conclusion.
Spoken as it was in protest against
actual legislation already adopted by
Parliament in direct despite of all ucn
privileges and Immunities, this declar
ation of rights seemed to lack Its xon
cluslon. The constitutional rights of
M-glntans had been Invaded. Wnattnen.
Resolved, therefore, "that his majesty's
Hesc peopic. the Inhabitants of this coi
nv. are not bound to yield oDcdiencs
to any law or ordinance whatever de
rigned to Impose any taxation whatso
ever upon them, other than the laws
or ordinances of the General Assembly
aforesaid," and "that any person who
shall, by speaking or writing, assert or
maintain" tho contrary, "shall be dem
ed an enemy of his majesty's colony"
Such had been the uncompromising
conclusion drawn by the mover of th
What other conclusion eould any man
iraw If he deemed the colonists men,
and proud men at that"
KENNEL CLUB PLANS
SHOW NEXT APRIL
Committee to Make Report at Next
Meeting Officer Are
The Washington Kennel Club will hold
a bench show- the last two weeks of
April at the Arcade If the committee,
consisting of Howe Totten. Charles Wat
son and John O. Evans, makes favorable
report at a special meeting to be held
A resolution to this effect was passed
at the annual meeting of the club-at the
office of John O. Evans In the Evans
building last ighL Dr. Cecil French,
presiding The report of the bench show
of last year was read, showing a profit
of J$0. Mr. Wilson, of the committee,
reported that he got In touch with Balti
more people regarding the holding of a
combined show with Baltimore and Nor
folk and form a Southern circuit. He
also reported that the management of
the Arcade was willing to transact busi
ness with the club for the holding of a
show- on the same plana as last year
Mr Wilson said he had made arrange
ments for the cup offered by U. II.
The following officers were elected -John
O. Evans, president. Irving Mun
ford. vice president. Charles A. Watson
secretary-treasurer, and this board of
governors: Ed S. Schmidt. A. C Shan
non and EL B. Burrit membership com
mittee, I Munford. Mr Slav-en and Mrs.
MacSween; delegate to the American
Kennel Club. Mr Wilson.
AUTO STRIKES BOY
Fourteen-year-old Elmer Lewi, on
Roller Skate, Suffers Frac
ture of Rib.
Elmer Lewis, fourteen years old. of
M Street Northwest, was run down and
probabl Internally injured by on auto
driven bv Representative Charles BurKe
of South Dakota at PennsIvanla Air
lino and Tenth Street Northwest shortly
after o'clock last night
Burke was driving west on the north
side of Pennsylvania Avenue en routo
to the Dewey ItofrL where he lives.
'Because of the tangle of traffic," said
nepresntatlve Burke after the accident.
"I was driving unusually slow."
loin is was roller skating south in
Tenth Street nnd Burke believed the lad
intended turning vv-st In Pennsylvania,
Avenue. Instead. Lewis attempted to
cross In, front of the machine. One of
the wheels struck him In the side and
he was knocked to the asphalt. The ma
chine did not pass over the boy.
Burke stopped the auto, placed the boy
In the tonneau and drove to Emergency
Hospital. He summoned Dr. W. P.
Carr. of Hbi L Street Northwest. It
was found the boy had sustained a frac
ture of the rib with probable Internal
Injuries. The boy Is badly bruised
According to the police version of the
accident, the mishap was due to the
carelessness of young Lewis.
FIRE CAUSES $20,000 DAMAGE.
DIaxe Destroy Stock. In Clsaell Flonr
Fire was discovered ot JJS o'clock yes
terday afternoon In the storehouse oc
cupied" by G W. Clssell & Co., Incor
porated, nt K and Thirty-third Streets.
Georgetown. The cause Is unknown. The
total damage to the stock of hay and
flour and the building is estimated at
Two alarms were- cent In. and It re
quired about three hours' hard work to
completely quench the flames which
smoldered In the huge stacks of hay
The damage Is covered by Insurance. Tha
building Is owned by the Washington
Hallway and Electric Company.
I am the Washington Agent for all
the leading magazines. Send for cata
logue. My prices are the lowest, t
can duplicate any offer made by any
publisher or agency.
FRASER, The Magazine Man,
3ISKeaeIs Bide 11th and G Sta.
We aire Herald 123,000 coatest rat.