Newspaper Page Text
Increasing cloudiness today,
probably followed by rain.
Yesterday's temperature Maxi
mum, 52; minimum, 32.
The Herald has the largest
morning l.om circulation, and
prints all the news of the world,
.with many exclusive features.
WASHINGTON. D. C WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1913. -TWELVE PAGES.'
TO CONGRESS BY
Verbally Communicates His
Recommendations to Na
APPLAUSE GREETS HIM
Senate, House, and Packed Galleries
Witness Revivified Custom of
a Century Ago.
For tlie first time In more than 112
years a President of the United States
has addressed the Congress upon subjects
of iiationul policy. The precedent estab
lished by "Washington, continued by John
Adams, neglected by Thomas Jefferson
and all of his successors down to the
present lime has been revived. Simply,
quietly, without undue ostentation. Wood
row "Wilson yesterday came to the House
f Representatives where ho read his
tariff message to the two Houses sitting
in joint session, listened to their plaudits
for a few seconds only, and. bowing,
gravely left the hall and hastened back
to the White lloue.
The innovation, which has had all po
litical Washington by the ears for the
past forty-eight hours, proved not to be
a shock at all, and political Washington,
which held its breath for two days, sits
hatting its eyes in wondernicnt. wifj
normal respiration resumed. What is
more, if President Wilson's preliminary
statement, which he uttered just before
he launched into the message itself, can
be construed in its most simple mean
ing, the innovation has come to stay.
As for the message itself, it was a
carefully phrased statement of the posi
tion of the Chief Executive, with regard
to the work in store for the extraordi
nary session. Reform of the tanfT was
given first place, of course. Without go
ing into spociuV details in the slightest
degree, the President indicated that the
work of primary importance was the
projected shift in the busis of revenue
producing legislation. He suggested that
an important corollary to th- changes
in the revenue producing statutes was
the reform of the currency svstetn, and
this was accepted by the members of
both Houses as indicative of the Presi
dents desire to have the extraordinary
session take up the currency and bank
ing reform so soon as the tariff is out of
the wav. Only these two subjects hav
ing received executive comment, it .is
assumed that hcie the work of the ex
traordinary session Is expected by the
Pri!idnt to tcrminat".
AcUxlty n( Capitol.
Ml day the Capitol presented a ."-eene
of unusual activ"y. As nlvas, the pro-vi'-'ons
of the galleries of the House for
stating the great number of people to
vvhom sp'H-ial tickets of admission were
issued w wholly inadequate. It has i
ne or yet been ovplained why the door
'p.eeper of tjig House has never been
j'1'1- to gauge the seating capacity of his
galleries Whenever a function of un
nstial interest is staged in the House of
I! pi csentathes the self. same complica
tion is presented. The age-old, yet un
solvsOiIe. problem of putting a gallon of
vine into a quart jug was re-enacted
estenlav. More than double the nuns
1" r of tickets for the number of existing
seats were. h usual, issued. As a re
sult the crowds admitted to the House
wing of the Capitol thronged the corri
dors of the gallery floor, and at every
door necks were craned, while states
men's wives and friends trod on one an
other's toes with good-natured recklcss-
The House met at noon. It was plain
from the manner of the members that
MHnclhing.big was in the air. It was a
day of much excitement and no business.
The chaplain offered prayer, and the
House proceeded to listen to the per
functory reading of the journal. At its
completion Speaker Clark announced the
tentative programme for the ceremonies
of receiving the President.
For two hours before the assembling
of the House the gilleries had been
packed. There was a great majority of
women in the crowd. Bright spring mil
linery and silken gown presented a bril
liant background for the solemn House.
Only the cvecutive gallery remained un
occupied. Finally Secretary of the In
terior Lane came in with a friend and
took a seat. Then Dudley Field Malone
escorted former Gov. Joe Folk of Mis-j-ouri
to one of the rear pews. Mean
while the House waited.
The Speaker was a hi hazy as to
Just how things were going to work
out Shortly after the call to order, an
assistant secretary from the Senate was
announced by the chief doorkeeper of
the House. He was delegated by the
United States Senate to announce that
the Senate had passed the concurrent
resolution of agreement to meet with
the House in joint session. Of course,
everybody knew this, but, nevertheless,
Jt was worth some applause. Then
Speaker Clark began to limber up.
"In order to accommodate the members
of the Senate tho members of the House
will kindly withdraw from the first two
rows of 110 scats," he announced in
the well-known drawl that has made
liim a headliner in the Chautauqua cir
cuits. Vnntiigp Point Sought.
The Representatives crowded back in
fine disorder, hustling to points of van
tage as best they might. Representa
tives Underwood, Mann, and Palmer,
who were to be tho welcoming com
mittee for the President, did not partici
pate in the scramble. Champ Clark was
all "dolled" up for tho occasion. He
wore his best frock coat and a white
waistcoat. His scarf was of rich pur
ple, and in his button hole was a big
white carnation. After he had an
nounced tho appointment of the wel
coming committee, which was to join
a similar committee from tho Senate,
the Hon. Champ seemed a bit flustered
as to what ought to be the next move.
'Are there any other features?" he
inquired with a smile, looking at Leader
Underwood. Mr. Underwood hurried to
the Speaker's desk, and there -was a
"Oh. yes." announced the Speaker a
moment later. "When the Senate ar
rives tho Vice President will sit upon
my right, tho doorkeeper will escort him
to' the right side of the dais."
"I think," he added, "that it is unncc
cessarv to admonish the House that, un
less the President shall Indicate otherwise,
they will keep their seats until the Presi
dent leaves the hall. Of course, if the
President Indicates that he wouIfi"like to
meet the members of the House or shake
hands -with everybody, that would be all
right, and I suggest they pass by and go
out by this doo'r." (Here Mr. Clark jabbed
a ponderous forcfiiiger in tho direction of
Continued on rage Tkrce.
Pontiff's Physicians Hold Out
Hope Despite His Admitted
CONDITION KEPT SECRET
Visitors Barred from Vatican and No
Bulletins Are Issued Sisters
Visit Sick Room.
Srccial Cable to Tho Washington Herald.
Rome. April S. Pope Pius X has suf
fered a serious relapse, and his condi
tion is reported to be critical. Alarm
ing reports concerning the Pontiff's con
dition have caused the greatest worry
here. Late in the afternoon reports
that he was dying spread. The latest
news, however, shows that this rumor
was unfounded, although his holines3
undoubtedly is seriously ill.
Nothing definite is known regarding
the nature of his disease, as no bul
letins have been issued, but it is be
lieved the Pop's old ailment, the gout,
is now complicated by an acute attack
Hopes arc being expressed of the
pontiff's ability to weather even tho
present crisis, which is regarded as the
most dangerous he has yet experienced.
The news that he had had a relapse
first leaked out when, late last night,
Dr. Marchiafava. his private physician,
was suddenly summoned to tho pontiff's
bedside, where he remained for two
hours in consultation with Dr. Amici,
whose turn it now is to sleep inside the
Vatican so that he may be ready for
any sudden emergency.
Relapse CnDKpd by Autlicnco.
It is learned that the relapso was the
result of yesterdays audience, when tho
Pope, disregarding his physicians' or
ders, overfatigued himself, especially by
conversing at length with tho Russian
Princess Czartoryska and Cardinal
Katschthaler. the newly appointed
Bishop of Salzburg. When the audiences
were over the Pope again declined to
rest, but went instead to his library,
where he -worked for somn time.
At 7:30 his holiness complained of
weakness, and before his personal at
tendant could help him to his couch he
fainted. He rallied slowly, but hair an
hour later fainted again. Dr. Amici
then decided to send for Dr. Marchiafava
and also to notify the Pope's sisters.
A strict watch was kept over the Pope
throughout, the night by Father Proz
decimo. the Vatican pharmacist, who
had orders to call Dr. Amici immediately
upon noticing the slightest change in tho
pulse or temperature of the patient The
Pope, however, rested easily, and when
he awoke this morning at 7 his temper
ature had diminished a few fractions.
Secrecy Ik Maintained.
Throughout the day the most ominous
secrecy was maintained about the Pon
tiffs condition, ana unusual methods were
taken to keep out Idlers and curiosity
seekers from tho Vatican. From the
bronze doors to the threshold of the pa
pal apartments a number of extra guards
were stationed, and life very few per
sons admitted to the precincts were most
ly prelates of high rank or laymen call
ing on very important business.
Among the first to arrive were the
Pope's two sisters, Angiola and Maria
Sarto, and their niece Ollda.
But before they were admitted to the
sick room Dr. Amici warned them not to
talk to the Pope. Thus the meeting was
very pathetic, the four only exchanging
glances, with the patient smiling to re
assure them. "When they left the apart
ment the women had tears in their eyes.
Later Dr. Marchiafaa, after a con
sultation with Dr. Amici, directed that
Cardinal Merry del "Val be notified that
the audience had to be indefinitely post
poned. On leaving, the physicians de
nied the report that the Pope was dying,
but said: "If nothing now occurs, the
alaiu oer the Pope's condition is for
the moment unjustified. It is only a re
lapse due to influenza, accompanied by
catarrh and fever."
On being asked if the relapse was due
to fatigue, he said: "No: it cannot be
said it's duo to this cause. Tt is true
the Pope does more than he is allowed
by his physicians, but. I repeat it is not
a cause for anxiety. I hope and believe
the illness will disappear in a short
WIDOW, HEIRESS TO
$15,000,000, TO WED CLERK
IN GENERAL STORE
New Tork, April 8. Mrs. Graham E.
Babcock, a widow, with a fortune esti
mated at $15,000,000 and a former society
leader in St. Louis and Pasadena, Cal.,
will bo married tomorrow at her beauti
ful home at Tcnafiy, N.- J., to W. H.
Downey, a clerk in a general store at
The marriage of the wealthy and middle-aged
widow- to the young salesman
is the culmination of a romance which
had its inception at the Tliousand Is
lands last summer.
.Downey's father is a former Mayor of
the Canadian hamlet, and now conducts
the general store in the place. Downey
is an all-around athlete and an expert
oarsman. It was while boating on the
St. Lawrence River that Mrs. Babcock
first saw him. She immediately became
fascinated by his prowess in tho water,
and shortly after, at an entertainment,
was formally introduced to the young
Canadian by a friend of his father.
Klfuuea Destroy Dnlmqnc Hotel.
Dubuque, Iowa, April 8. Fire early to
day destroyed the Julien Hotel and sev
eral smaller buildings adjacent, causing
a total loss of $400,000. Several of trie 200
guests of the hotel wore slightly in
jured in leaping to the ground from the
SPRING IS HERE.
' Result: The ladies are wearing
their prettiest frocks, made up
in the most becoming 'fashions.
MISS MARGARET WADE
will give a description of some
of those worn by Washington
women in next
PRESIDENT WILSON READING TARIFF MESSAGE.
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Photograph taken yesterday afternoon shows a Chief Executive of the United States addressing Senate and
House for first time since days of Washington and John Adams.
BANK DFPOS TS
Books of Institutions Show
$5,076,798.96 More Than
on February 4 Last.
TOTAL IS $81,358,877.50
Bankers Comment on Situation and
Agree that Accounts of New States
men Are Not the Cause.
By I. A. FLEMIXfl.
Deposits in the banks of Washington
on April 4 were larger than ever before
in the record of the city. They are
$3,07G,79S.9 larger than they were on
February 4 last, fifty-five days before,
and they aggregate the splendid total
A number of new records have been
made by our banks, trust, and savings
companies. For the first time tho latter
have aggregate deposits of over $10,000.
"Washington never had a national bank
with $1 1,000,000 deposits before, but tho
Riggs National reported $11,267,702.
These figures tell a remarkable story
of tho prosperity of Washington .peo
ple of the Importance of the city a3 a
banking center: they tell a story of the
saving habit, encouraged to a point where
It Ls extremely effective. Unfortunately,
it is just possible that the enormous de
posits may indicate in a measure a dis
position to keep money in tho banks
and not invest it. through a mistaken
notion that the change in administra
tion might have an unfavorable effect
on the interests of the Capital.
These statistics are from reports fur
nished by the banks in response to the
call by Comptroller Murray for a state
ment of condition at the close of busi
ness Friday. April 4.
"Where Did. It Come From.
R.inkorH tliomselvns are wonderinz
tv1iot nil fVn mnnev rnmo from. TheV
have known that the deposits were
swelling from day to day, out eacn in
stitution thought itseir tho tavored one.
The only happening of vital Importance
Klnee February-, when the previous call
was made, was the advent of tho Demo
cratic and the exit of the itcpuonean
It may be possible that the coming of
the Democratic hosts to power has been
responsible for the five millions addi
tional cash, but the fact that a party
has been out of power for sixteen long,
weary, tireless years docs not suggest
oppulancc or even the possession of
moderate sums of long green.
Members of the Cabinet, as a rule,
srn woll lived. At least one has four
bank accounts and is reputed to be a
man of great wealth. All rour institu
tions that this statesman has favored
with deposits have made large gains-.
Then. too. there Is another statesman
who is .a man of means. The new mem
hnro nf tho Tviwer House cannot have
drawn much salary as yet, and have
taken little part in swelling tnc couers
of our fiscal institution.
One thing is certain, if one may take
the word of statesmen, merchants and
others, none of this money was left over
by visitors during inaugural week.
CAR FALLS INTO RIVER;
ONE KILLED; 15 HURT
Baltimore Trolley Jumps Track While
Crossing Bridge and Plunges
Baltimore. April 8. One passenger was
killed and fifteen badly Injured when a
northbound Curtis Bay trolley car jumped
the track on the Light Street Bridge and
plunged into the Patapsco River here
Cought like rats In a trap, many of
the passengers were only saved from
death by drowning by the shallowness
of tho water at the point where the car
landed in tho mud at the river bottom.
August Hohman, seventeen, of Brook
lyn, was killed. He was crushed under
the woodwork of the car.
The accident occurred without warn
ing. Tho car turned on its side on the
edge of the bridge and dropped into the
water. Panic reigned as the cold water
swirled into the interior, of the car. Tho
injured were brought to Mercy Hospital
in city ambulances.
Carpenter Get !3,000,000 Lcgncy.
Chicago, April 8. William Drydcn, stage
carpenter in a local theater, today
announced that he was heir to $3,000,000
ofthe estate of the late J. Frank Dry
den, former president of the Prudential
Life Insurance Company. Dryden says
he learned of his Inheritance in a letter
from his sister in Baltimore. He said
the insurance man was his uncle.
Plan your Vacation oit.
Springs in the Land of the Sky-AVest-ern
North Carolina Mountains. Fine
Golf. All outdoor recreations. Travel via
Southern Railway. Consult Agents, 705
15th and, 805 F Sts. N. W.
PHONE GIRLS OFF .
TO STRIKE ZONE
Local Exchange Operators Go
to Boston, Where "Trouble
Clerk" Is Calling.
LABOR LEADER INDIGNANT
John B. Colpoys Says Matter Will Be
Taken Up with Utilities
Off for a fight or a frolic, twenty or
more girls from the local exchanges of
the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone
Company left Washington at 5:30 o'clock
yesterday afternoon for Boston, where.
It Is reported, the Bell system faces a
serious strike. As soon as it became
known that the local offices had "ex
ported" supposed "strike-breakers," of
ficers of the Central Labor Union de
cided to make an issue of the company's
action, and announced that they would
carry the matter before the Interstate
Commerce Commission and the Public
Utilities Commission or the District,
seeking to prohibit such practices.
It was stfJ. utho main " uflVd -or
me leicpmme company laic ycsicrray
afternoon that the young women sent
to Boston hud the consent of their par
ents. The party went under the chap
cronage of an older woman employe. It
is explained that the operators had been
sent in response to a request received
about noon from the American Tele
graph and Telephone Company. They
wer to be used if necessary, it was
stated, "to keep communication with
Boston open." The officers of the tele
phone company denied any knowledge
that a strike had been declared in Bos
ton. John B. Colpoys, secretary of the Cen
tral Labor Union, last night did not
believe the girls who consented to make
the trip realized what they are under
taking. "The Boston union is well or
ganized and will undoubtedly put up a
strong fight," said Mr. Colpoys. "The
condition of affairs which permits the
shipment of girls from Statojto State by
corporations for strike-breaking pur
poses is an outrage."
Mr. Colpoys got into communication
with officials of the American Federa
tion of Labor and was assured by them
that they would give all the support
possible to the central body in its pro
posed work of organizing the telephone
operators of Washington.
"Friends of union labor will be, aroused
by this incident," said Mr. Colpoys, "and
will do their utmost to make It Impos
sible of repetition. We will take step
to have a law passed prohibiting such
practices. Also, since the Interstate Com
merce Commission is now inquiring into
the telephone monopoly, w will present
this case to them, and will also take It
up with the District Utilities Commis
sion." Officers of the Chesapeake and Ohio
Telephone Company said that similar re
quests for operators are being made by
the American Telegraph and Telephone
Company from other localities.
Suffrase Vote Defeated.
Harrisburg, Pa., April S. The Senato
today by a vote of ID to 22 defeated
a resolution fixing Tuesday, April 22,
as the time when the resolution pro
posing an amendment to the Constitu
tion permitting women to vote.
THE EASIEST WAY
That ls just what everybody Is
looking for The Easiest Way. It
has been so from tho beginning
and will continue to be so to tho
end of this mortal existence.
Some one once very truly said
that the easiest way was ,tho
best way not that it was best to
choose the easiest way, but rath
er that It was easiest to choose
the, best way.
You are seeking tho easiest
way In all .the affairs of your
life, and particularly in your
work, and you can find it, if you
but go about getting It in the
best way." Advertising- has come
at last to bo recognized as the
surest, and bear and fluickest
road to success. No real big
man or corporation" ever became
really big without advertising,
and what they cannot do you
Tho easiest way to any want
you have lies quickest and surest
through" Herald Want Ads. This
is the universal experience of all
who have tried this easiest
method. Why don't you, fall In
lino and make HERALD WANT
ADS your ally for gaining success?
Phrto by JCUonal rhoto Ck.
FIFTH ARMY FLIER
IS VIM OF AIR
Aviation List of Dead Aug
mented by Name of Lieut
COMPANION BADLY HURT
Lieut Louis H. Brereton Seriously In
jured in Fall of Aeroplane at
San Diego School.
San Diego, Cal., April S. Lieut. Rex
Chandler, of the aviation corps of the
United States Army, was killed today
and Lieut. Louis II. Brereton was seri
ously injured when their hydro-aeroplane
droppe'd into the bay here.
Tho men lost control of the machine.
Chandler was caught In the machine when
it struck the water and was drowned.
Second Lieut Rex Chandler, Coast Ar
tillery, joined the San Diego squad of
array aviators but a few days ago. Lieut.
H. Brereton joined the aviators at Col
lege Park, Md.. late last summer, but
when the filers left Washington for the
winter he had not quite learned to fly by
The aviators were split into two squads,
the Wright and Burgess and the Curtiss,
the former men being sent to Augusta,
Ga., and the latter to San Diego, Cal.
Lieut. Harold G-eiger, the veteran Cur
tiss filer of the present staff of aviators,
was placed in Charge of the San Diego
Recently five new men were assigned to
aviation duty, and in this group was
Lieut. Chandler. He was stationed at San
Diego befor being detailed to flying
duty, and it was while in the Coast Ar
tillery there that ho cultivated the desire
to be a filer.
Lieut. Brereton became famous here
when he accompanied Lincoln Beachey
on a duck hunt down tho Potomac in a
Will InveuHjmte. Accident.
The killing of Lieut. Chandler will be
investigated in order to fix the responsi
bility for his death. None of the circum
stances surrounding the accident were
received yesterday by the Signal Corps
of the Army, but Lieut. Geiger is ex
pected to file a complete report by wire
A board of at least four aviators at
San Diego will bo appointed by Gen.
George S. Scrivcn, Chief Signal Officer,
to look into the cause of the disaster.
This board probably will consist of Lieut.
Geiger, Lieut. Samuel McLeary. Lieut.
Lorcn Call, and Lieut. Joseph Park, all
stationed at San Diego.
The death of Lieut. Chandler brings
the list of victims in the army aviation
ranks up to five, including four officers
and one noncommissioned man.
Lieut. Thomas Selfridge, killed at Fort
Myer. Va., in September, 1908, in a fall
in a biplane with Orvlllo Wright, was
the first person in the world to meet
death as the result of an aeroplane ac
cident. Almost four years later Lieut.
Leighton W. Hazlchurst, jr., a brilliant
young aviator, was killed one June after
noon at College Park.
"Al" Welsh, one. of the greatest pro
fessional filers the world has over known,
went to his death in the same smash-up
in which Lieut. Hazlehurst was killed.
Three months later; September 11, 1912,
Lieut Louis C. Rockwell and Corp.
Frank Scott answered the "call" from
tho air, plunging to their deaths when
the Wright biplane In which they were
riding crumpled in the air and fell in a
The officer killed at San Diego is not
related to Capt. Charles De Forest
Chandler, commanding officer of tho en
tire aviation school. Capt. Chandler is
now stationed with the fliers at Texas
City, Tex., where they were sent from
IN ARCTIC WASTE
Remnants of German Expedition to
Spitsbergen Reach Civilization
and Report Loss of Leader.
Christiana, Norway, April 8. Four
members of the Schroeder-Stranz Spits
bergen expedition reached" Advent Bay
today, after a winter of almost unbear
able suffering in the solitudes of Spitz
bergen, where they were ice-bound.
The explorers reported that two "other
members of the party are resting at
Traurenberg Bay; that an aviator and
the cook of the expedition are dead, and
that Lieut. Schroeder-Stranz, leader of
tho party, is missing and is believed to
S2JS0 Philadelphia, 25 Cheater, 2
Wllatlagtoa aid Return, Baltimore aad
Sunday. April 13. Special train will
leave -Washington 8:00 a. m. Returning,
leave Philadelphia 7:00 p. m. Inquire at
ticket offices,' 15th St. and New York
Ave., 619 Fa. Ave., and Union Station.
0 SENATORS NOW
Constitutional Amendment Is
Ratified by Three-fourths
of the States.
WILSON IS PLEASED
Prominent Statesmen Give Views on
Final Approval of New
Opinions on Ratification
of Elections Amendment.
Uy Prraldent AVlUoa.
"I am sincerely gratified that
t,he amendment has been ratified
so promptly and a reform so
long fought .for is at last ac
complished." By Secretary of State Bryan.
"I am very much gratified to
learn that the amendment has
been ratified. I had no doubt
that it would be. but a fact is
better than a prediction "
By Senator Bornh of Idaho.
"I am gratified at the result.
I believe this new method of
choosing Senators will avoid the
scandals, dead-locks and the
other unpleasant results which
have followed the old manner of
By .Senator Brlntovr or linnnnn.
"The amendment is already a
part of tho Constitution, regard
less of the fact that the ratifi
cations have not yet been certi
fied to the Secretary of State."
After a twelve-year fight by those fa
voring the innovation, in which the aid
of many newspapers throughout all sec
tions of tho country was much in evi
dence, the election of United States Sen
ators by direct vote of the people was
assured yesterday, when the Connecticut
Legislature ratified the proposed amend
ment to the Constitution.
Connecticut makes thirty-six, or three
fourths, of the States which have given
their approval of the reform. The new
constitutional law will be known as the
eighteenth amendment It will become
effective as soon as the action of the
States shall have been certified to the
State Department and Secretary Bryan
shall Iiavo issued his proclamation.
The first effort of theTncw 'amendment
will be that every man to be chosen as
a United States Senator for the term
commencing March 4. 1915, must be
passed upon by the voters in campaign
and at tho polls.
Among the more prominent Senators
whose terms will expire two years hence,
and whose return will bo dependent upon
the direct votes Of the people, are Sena
tors Root of New Tork, Brandagee of
Connecticut, Bristow of Kansas, Cum
mins of Iowa, Dillingham of Vermont,
Galllngcr of New Hampshire, Gor of
Oklahoma, Penrose of Pennsylvania,
Perkins of California. Smith of Georgia.
John Walter Smith of Maryland, . Smoot
of Utah, Stephenson of Wisconsin, and
Stone of Missouri.
This proposed change in the organic
law first was approved by Massachu
setts May 23. IPli Other States fol
lowed in rapid order until within half a
dozen of the required three-fourths, when
progress was much slower.
AnnlW OfllclMl Xoticcn.
A profound interest was manifested by
Senatora and Representatives here in
the information conveyed through press
dispatches that Connecticut had ratified
the constitutional amendment for direct
election of Senators, which is the last
ratification needed to furnish the neces
sary three-fourths of the States. The
amendment Is now a part of the Con
stitution of the United States, and hcre
arter Senators will be chosen by direct
vote of the people. The thirty-six States
that Joined in ratifying the amendment
arc as follows:
Arizona. Arkansas. California. Colo
rado, Connecticut, Indiana, Illinois,
Idano, Iowa. Kansas. ,Maine, Massachu
setts. Michigan. Missouri, Minnesota.
Montana. Nebraska, Nevada. New Hamp
shire, New Jersey, New Mexico. New
York, North Carolina. North Dakota,
Ohio. Oklahoma, Oregon. Pennsylvania,
South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Ver
mont. Washington. West VIrglna. Wis
consin, and Wyoming.
The adoption of the amendment to the
Constitution must be officially pro
claimed through the State Department,
and this cannot occur until the Secre
tary of State has received the official ad
vices of the ratifications of all of the
thirty-six States, and up to this time
only about twenty-five have transmitted
their official notifications.
Wilson la Gratified.
President Wilson expressed gratification
when told at the Capitol that the last
State necessary to the ratification of the
amendment had acted.
"I am sincerely gla'd that the amend
ment has been ratified so promptly, and
a reform, so long sought for, at last ac
complished." Secretary of State Bryan said: "If the
report be- true, this makes the twenty
sixth State, according to the unofficial
report, that has ratified this constitu
tional amendment, but we have received
official notification from only twenty-two
States. The State Department will, take
no action until it has received official
notification from all the States that are
reported to have ratified the amendment.
"We are writing to all the States that
are reported to have passed resolutions;
who have not offi
ate Department of
?ijPe to have official
hem at an early
if ' to lea at
Vi nmnrt5iJtfrcJ:K'P'i:i ".tineil. l ...'iri
nJ doubt ttiaVTi would be, but a fact is
better than a prediction, even when a
prediction rests upon such a firm founda
tion as this one. I believe Massachu
setts was the first State to vote for the
amendment, and if it Is true that Con
necticut has been the last State whose
vote was necessary to ratification, then
New England can claim to have been
the Alpha and Omega of the ratifica
tion, although it was not at the laboring
oar during the twenty years df struggle
for this great reform."
r? IBJr aaBatj
"I am "dms3aHKv3f
WILL NOT OPEN
Turn Down Plan to Admit
the Public to Party
IGNORE WILSON'S VIEWS1'
Development Does Not Indicate Early
Split Between President and '
House Leader Underwood.
By JOSRPII P. A"NIX.
While the Democrats of the Senate, for
years the seat of Congressional reaction,
were meeting tho country-wide demand
for committee reorganization along pro
gressive lines yesterday, the unwicldiy
Dcmocratic majority In the House worn
turning down the proposition to open
party caucuses to the press and public
While the vote on the proposition wai
not as direct as It might have been, Itl
indicated clearly that the majority in tho
House, as now constituted, does not in-1
tend to bare party differences any fur
ther to the general public.
After nearly three hours' debate, bv
a vote of 167 to 84, the caucus decided to
table four resolutions looking to the ad
vancement of the plan to open party
Leaders In the fight for the open caucus
indicated that in the face of so dcci3ivo
a vote, no further effort to commit tlu
party to such a proposition was likely at
President ?fot Mentioned.
While the President's name was not
mentioned in the debate on the subject,
it was universally known that Mr. Wil
son strongly favors the open caucus.
To this extent' the vote may be taken as
an indication that Oscar W. Underwood,
majority leader of the House, who op
posed the proposition, has not lost His
hold on his followers. It does not indi
cate, however, that President Wilson
and Majority Leader Underwood are
working or may work at cross purposes
on fundamental, national or party ques
tions, or that there are any reservations
in the mutual desire of the two leaders
to put through the tariff programmes of
the party. While the difference in con
victions indicated may become a party
issue on questions which Congress ha-
not yet been called upon to consider
when the issue is drawn more clearly i
between the proposition of government
by leaders and government by the peo
plePresident Wilson and Mr. Under
wood have no rocks of dissentlon in
their immediate vision.
Four propositions were advanced in the
caucus. Representative Shackleford of
Missouri made the first proposition, to
admit members of the Cabinet to party
caucuses. Representative Carlln of Vir
ginia followed with a proposition for a
wide-open caucus. Representative Maj
or Virginia offered a resolution referring
the question to a committee of the cau
cus. Representative Hobson of Alabama)
thereupon offered an amendment to In
struct the eomiflUtee to report favor-'
ably on the propositioin.
All Motion Tabled.
When the caucus seemed hopelessly
tied up on the question, with the dinner
hour approaching, and the appointment
of certain important committees still un-
acted upon, a motion to table all the'
proposals was made, and carried by a'
167 to S4.
As the House yesterday adjourned,
unul Thursday, ithe Democrats will
have all today to consider the appoint-!
ment of the ways and means, rules. I
appropriations, and many other com-'
mittees necessary to the transaction
of routine business by the House. Also,
it probably will be determined to
day, it is believed, whether the new
tariff programme shall be put through
as one bill or divided in a manner best
to mec-t antagonism to free wool, fret
sugar, free Hour and other features of
the bill to which there is liable to be
sectional opposition in both branches
Representative Underwood was. of
course, the principal factor in the de
feat of the open caucus plan. He spoke
against the proposition, pointing out
the many progressive reforms, which
tho Democratic majority of the House
has incorporated in its procedure, and
calling attention pointedly to the
caucus reform which now requires the
keeping for publication of the minutes
of the meetings and the roll calls on
propositions submitted for the con
sideration of the caucus. He declares
that it would be unwise at this time
for the party to air Its internal dif
ferences with the tariff fight impend
ing. Representative A. Mitchell Palmer,
chairman of the caucus, regarded as one
of the administration spokesmen in tho
Lower House, left the chair to make a
strong appeal for the open caucus. Mr.
Palmer did not mention President Wil
son by name, but his hearers understood,
either from Mr. Palmer's' utterances or
from their knowledge of the President's
belief in the wisdom of an open caucus,
that Mr. Palmer was voicing the senti
ments of the Executive in supporting the
President Wilson did not attend the
caucus, but William F. McCombs. chair
man of the National Democratic Commit
tee, was present by virtue of a special
invitation. The fact that Mr. McCombs
was welcomed by all may be taken as
an indication that members of the ma
jority did not consider the question one
in which the prestige of the President
Representative Broussard of Louisiana
furnished the only real excitement of
the meeting. Mr. Broussard charged
that the Democratic tariff makers had
violated the tariff plank of the Balti
more platform. The free sugar plank,
ho declared, had made guarantees not
to destroy legitimate industry. Mr.
Broussard charged that the sugar pro
vision of the Underwood bill would wipe
out the greatest Industry in Louisiana,
and that the tariff makers were fully
aware of this when they wrote the sugars
provision. Mr. Broussard was one of
those who advocated the open caucus
plan, and in explaining his position took I
occasion to air his tariff views.
Fire Dnmasre '!' r
Hi.vettor'- -. v; ; .
.A $30,000 J iagc u uic whuali .4JfT
of the Haverford College. Students, aided
by neighboring flro companies, checked
the spread of flames, which threatened
other buildings. Whltall Hall housed the t
STOPS TOBACCO HABIT.
Elders' Sanitarium. located at 1129
Main St, St. Joseph, Mo., has pub
lished a book showing the deadly ef
fect of the tobacco habit, and how It
can Te topped in three to five days.
As they are distributing this book;
free, any one wanting a copy should
send their name and address at oaca.