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THE WASHINGTON HERALD
THE WEATHER TODAT
WASHINGTON. D. d. SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1914.
INK TWO GERMAN CRUISERS OFF ITALY
FLEET SINKTWO GERMAN
Goiiben and Breslau Sail Indomitably From Mes
sina to Certain DestructionHeavy Firing
Heard Off Sicilian CoastThen
All Again Is Silence.
MEN LEAVE WILLS BEHIND;
SING AS. THEY GO TO DEATH
8rccal Cable to Tfca Waateitoa Herald. . . , .
Messina, Italy, Aug. 7. Close cleared for action, save for their
streaming battle flags of black and white and red, and with their bands
playing the German national anthem, the battle cruiser Gouben and
the cruiser Breslau sped out of port at 5 :30 o'clock this morning into
the far-spread teeth of the British Mediterranean fleet.
Officers and such seamen as chose had made their wills and left
their personal belongings with the German consul. They were going
to almost certain de? .1, and they knew it.
The roar of the sea guns was heard in Messina two hours after
their departure. It ceased within two hours.
Naval men of Italy, inspired by the splendid courage of the Ger
mans, if not sympathetic with their cause, say there is almost no chance
of their escape.. The Straits of Messina are easily and closely cov
ered bv the great British fleet, they say.
It is believed that the German cruisers, probably attempting a
dash to join the Austrian tj .a-
were eaurriu iraracuwiov v""i
.he neutral waters and destroyed.
Toe incident lays heavy emphasis upon
the declared neutrality of Italy. The
twrntv -four-hour limit allowed by the
law of nations for an embattled ship to
rrrsjn in a foreign port expired Just
afl'r the cruisers steamed away.
The Italian government gave the Ger
man commander the choice of disarming
ard keeping his ships in the port of
Messina until the end of hostilities or
leaving within the stipulated time.
Lr,r WIIU Behind.
Immediately there was activity on the
.ruiscrs. While the decks were being
cleared for the certain struggle, officers
and men were preparing for almost cer
tain death Emlstans were sent ashore
bearins the wills and property that the
heroes wished to be ent to their families.
The ships went out at full speed. Only
the brilliancy of then recent escape from
the French fleet off the African coast
gives any hope of tbelr escape.
Naples. Aug 7 -A wireless message In
tercepted bj the operator of a ship here
this afternoon indlcnf- that the German
cruisers Goeben s-nd Breslau haie been
sunk In a battle wi'h a British fleet oft
Messina today. It reads- "Both Ger
mans sunk "
The operato- who intercepted It said
the message was. i-pparently. being sent
from the vicinity of Messina to a war
ship off the South' rn coast of France.
Rome Au;;. 7 A Messina dispatch to
the Tribuna reports that a naval battle
between German and French ships is now
racing in the Mediterranean. Firing of
the guns can be heard at Messina.
Brindisi. Italj. Aug. 7. -The first naval
battle in the Adriatic wa3 fought todnv
between the Austrian cruiser Taurus and
a flotilla of British torpedo destrovers
The Taurus was crippled, and put In
here to escare her pursuers. She was
Toulon. France tvia Parisl. Aug. 7.
The French battleship Jean Bart was
ordered todaj to proceed to the Mediter
ranean at full speed. The orders sending
her to the Mediterranean arc believed to
have followed receipt of information from
Tendon that there was no further danger
from the German warships. The battle
ship France also was ordered to the
Manila. Aug 7. A German squadron
s engaged in battle with a BUsh
rruiser off the coast of China, according
to a report received here today.
Foochow. China. Aug. 7. All British
steamers were today ordered to remain
In port Indefinitely. Business is at a
Stockholm. Aug. 7. The captain of a
Finnish ship that arrived here today re
ported that the Russian fleet had been
bottled up at Helslnsfors, and that the
Russian forts at Reval and Libau had
been captured by the Germans and buru
cd. There Is . no confirmation of this
A Russian cruiser Is reported ashore
near Hangoe. Finland.
g2.00-I.ura?", V, and Retain 52.00.
Leaving Washington 8.15 a. m.. Sunday.
Aug. 9. Baltimore and Ohio. Returning
lam day. Adv.
PUZZLED BY ORDER
Many Messages Undelivered Taken
Before Neutrality Rules Were Ap
plied to American Companies.
New York. Aug 7. With representa
tives of the Navy Department In charge
of all the big wireless stations In the
vicinity of New York, another complica
tion was added to the problems Involved
In American neutrality.
Both the Marconi Company and the
Atlantic Communication Company have
In their possession a number of mes
sages which were taken In before Presi
dent Wilson applied the neutrality rules
to the wireless companies. These mes
sages are addressed to the captains of
various merchant ehlps situated at
various points In the Atlantic. They are
from the owners of the ships and contain
warnings to the captains concerning the
activities of war vessels.
Until a decision Is Issued by the Navy
Department the messages are being held
up by the government censors now In
charge of the stations at Slasconsett and
The local Inspectors will confine their
attention to shipping In the harbor and
to the hundreds of amateur wireless
plants that exist in this vicinity.
Has Japan Entered War?
China Appeals to U. S.
Pekin, Aug 7 China has Intlted Japan
and the I'nlted Stat-s to join with hr
to prevent hostilities In Chinese waters
Japanese warships are off the German
port of Tslng-Tau. Indicating that Japan
already may have entered the war. Ger
mans at Tslng-Tau declare British war
ships have gone to Vladivostok to escort
a Russian troop ship for the investment
The German cruiser Emoen. reported
sunk, is said to have returned to Tsing
Tau with a Russian volunteer xessel
carrying nearly 1J passengers and
crew as a prize.
Exchange Not to Open
Until Conditions Improve
New York. Aug. 7.-The stock exchange
sent out the following statement laic
"The special commIte of five will not
recommend to the governing commute
the reopening of the stock exchange unl!i
in their Judgment the financial situation
warrants It. and, as before stated, ample
notice will be giver, of the proposed re
opening." Dutch Getting Ready to
Make War on Germans
The Hague. Aug. 7. The Dutch army is
mobilizing rapid'y for war with Ger
many. Queen WJIhe'.mlna left here earlv
today by automobile tc inspect the troops
concentrated near Rotterdam.
MONTENEGRO DECLARES WAR.
Rome. Aug. 7. It Is reported here that
Montenegro has declared war against
Austria, and that her army already is
Joining the Servian
LATEST MAP OF WAR
" Ji 4 .. i iv V- t.j -" i 1 T
rw f 4P x w .."" j " . -bm. .w .- - I
rfPW - . '. xvw.-iMya.y.yfl g j
Arrow shows entrance to the Kiel Canal, protected by the great German fortifications of Heligoland. The canal is the great German
highway between the North and Baltic seas. The German fleet is eit her in this canal or the Baltic. Star shows citv of Liege, which is
I being stormed by German forces.
German Fleet Is Bottled
Up, All Evidences
HEAVY FIRINGIS HEARD
English Skippers Given Full
Leeway in Zone of
London. Aug. 7. In the face of a
statement b; Winston Churchill, first
lord of the admiralty, that as far as the
admiralty is aware, there has been no
general engagement in the North Sea,
the following facts stand out boldly to
day The British admiralty yesterday nCti-
. Red British shippers that they were free
to send their ships anywhere In the
j Persistent reports, without details, of
heay firing off the British coast, reach
1 London from all points along the coast.
The French battleship Jean Bart is re-
1 ported to hate been ordered to the Medi
terranean from Toulon, France, a route
which would require it to pass through
the zone which might be occupied by the
German high seas fleet If theN British
home fleet has not driven the Germans
from the zone.
Nineteen. German ships are reported to
have been sunk in a terrific fight between
the fleets of Great Britain and' the Kaiser
In the North Sea.
The German ships that succeeded In
escaping after the conflict are aaid to
have been driven back to the mouth of
the Elbe and to be bottled up there. j
British shippers today received official
notice that they were free to send their
vessels anywhere in the North Sea. This
was taken as a confirmation of reports
that the battle had been fought, and won
Reports from various ports state that
heavy firing was heard In .the North Sea
during the twenty-four hours beginning
at 4 o'clock Wednesday afternoon, a'nd It
Is said that at that time the German
CONTINUED 0NrAGE THREE.
Baltimore A Ohio to Baltimore.
SL3S round trip cTexr Sttindir and Suadtj, food
nturaiag uatil IkB, Monday. A4t.
CWCNCV-ttt icacm -At & ( C "9.
e3F .yct atNc . V Vc.X i-ssw1 ? vN. i
FRENCH INVADE GERMANY;
400,000 Infantry and Cavalry Under Gen. Joffre Are
Ready to Rush Across Border; Noted Authors
Privates in the Republic's Army.
Sredil Ckbl- to The ishicr-o" neriVl.
Pari. Aug. 7. The French invasion of Germany began today. It was an
nounced at the war ministry' that troops of the republic had crossed the frontier
and capturod Vic and Mojenvic, small German towns in Alsace-Lorraine, about
twenty mijes from Nancy.
Though this h onlj a preliminary movement to protect the main adance of
the French force5, 400,000 infantry' and cavalry and an immense force of artillery
are ready to cros the frontier when Gen. Joffre gives the order.
The war ministry confirmed reports that Holland's neutrality had been vio
lated b German troops.
Edmond Rostand and Mauruce Barres. both distinguished authors and mem
bers of the French Academy, are wearing the uniforms of privates in the French
army which is moving towards the frontier.
George V Quits Dragoners;
Kaiser Still British Dragoon
l o a d o n, August 7. -Klni;
Georce ban renbned h!a cvmmls
nlon a honorary commander of
the Flrnt lrunslan Drai;on Guards
of the German army, but It tt
stated today that Kmperor Will
lam la Mill honorary colonel of
the DrltUh Dragoon Guard, no
official notice of hla resignation
having; been received.
London Daily Telegraph
The Washington Herald
Most Accurate and Complete
Italy Faces Decision to
Affect Whole Future
Rome. Auk-. 7. The Duke of
Avarano, the Italian Ambassador
In Vienna, had n ronveroatlon
rlth the Auntrlan Emneror and
hla minister today and It la be
lieved tonight that n nnal deci
sion of the jrrealeat moment nnd
of the utmost Importanre to the
future of Italy must be reached
In a ferr hours.
! KING'S CALL
Recruiting Offices Storm
ed by Hordes Who
Would Go to War.
BANK RATE GOES DOWN
Financial Situation Is Satis
factory, Declares Chancellor
Sreu! raNf to The WashiDi-ton Herald
London, Aug. 7. War Minister
Lord Kitchener's appeal for recruits for
the British army is meeting with a re
sponse which surpasses anything in the
memory of the oldest war office attache.
Immense throngs of men of all ages the struggle even against a world of
stood all day in front of the recruit-, enemies. Never has Germany been sub
ing stations awaiting examination, some'dued when she was united." the procla
v. earing silk hats, some poorly clothed, j matlon reads. "So the snord must de
but all burning with the martial spirit!
fT?e 'rri f r , , , , , ! Dutch Treasure Ship Is
The Bank of England discount ratej 1 t 1
will be reduced tomorrow from o to 5 Captured by the British
per cent, according to announcement!
1 , . ,
The financial situation was perfectly
satisfactory with the opening of the
banks. Chancellor of the Exchequer
LIoyd-Gcorge declared tonight. He
added that the Bank of England had
recehed on foreign acounts $j8,ooo,ooo
in gold, and that some of the banks
had receiied more money than they
had paid out. There are no signs of
the hoarding of gold.
C,ot eritment InLen Sitter.
All available sl-ver for currency pur
poses have been taken over by the gov
ernment. The current statement of the Bank of
England showi how the mono needs of
tbe European war have afflicted Its
status. During the last week the re
serve ratio dwindled from 10.03 per cent
I to 14.60 per cent. The total reserve suf
fered A decrease of JSOOr-.CW. Gold on'3 To Atlnntlr City and Iteturr $3.
I hand was roductd b ta.0CO,0Wand loans
j increased .JJ0.G00.000. The reserve now
(totals tTS.OCO,000 as against Jlls.CO0.WO a
I) ear ago. while bullion stands at JliS.
000,000 as compared with JIX.CCO.TOO.
25,000 GERMANS FALL
BEFORE LIEGE; KAISER'S
FORCES ASK ARMISTICE
City Still Stands, Despite Fierce Three Days1
Attack; French Troops Rush to Aid of
Allies ; Bombs from German Aero
Create Havoc Among Belgians.
DAY TO BURY THEIR DEAD
ASKED BY TEUTON INVADERS
London, Aug. 7. The Daily Chronicle prints an un
confirmed report from Maestricht that Liege has been evac
uated by the Belgian army, which is falling back to Namur.
The Belgian legation tonight officially stated that Liege
still is holding out
Epeaal Cabta to Hie Waahircton HfraM.
Brussels, Aug. 7 It is announced officially that the Germans
have asked for a twenty-four-hour armistice at Liege.
Twenty-five thousand Germans out of a total force of bO.000
operating about Liege have fallen in the three days" continuous fight
ing. The Germans were driven back again today in three desperate
Furious fighting continues, and the dead and wounded are lying
unattended on the battlefield.
It is .believed the Germans want the armistice to relieve their
wounded and bury their dead.
Kl"VG Al DEI1T TO DECIDE.
The request has been laid before King Albert. He mut consider
in deciding whether Germany would take advantage of twent-four
hours' dela to bring up re-enforcement.
News has been received here that a French army has entered Be-
" "gium and is advancing to the iup-
SEA'S 'CITY OF LUXURY'
NOW BRINGER OF DEATH
Mauretania. English Merchant Ma
rine's Pride. Being Converted
Into an Armed Cruiser.
Halifax. Nova Si-otta. Aue. 7. Work
of cornertlnc the Cunard liner Maureta
nia into a British armored cruiser began
today. It is expected that the equipping of
the giant liner with guns and ammunition
itlll take only a few days. The Maureta
nia then will proceed to England.
1 iic i-n..r uu.iii , iusuuu
passengers aboard the Mauretania when
she docked here, who couldn-t satisfy
the Canadian government that they were
American citizens, are being detained as
. ...... ... .
prisoners of war. The authorities refuse
10 ve ut their names.
"W Rrf a Wnrlrl j
We leSlSt a WOrlQ
Of Foes " Savs Kaiser
ui roes, jays iaisen
Tl. - ... M.. f.. . I !..-..
tfrmal Cable to The VCaiMnitt Herald
Berlin. Ma Londcn, Aug '.
Wllhelm. in an official proclamation pub-
.-....,. ...- ..-. -
"We shall resist to the last breath
of man and horse and wo shall fight out
1 I'lymouin, r.ngiana. Aug. isriusn
I .. . ... .
j day wnen hey brough, mto port tho
Holland Uoyd steamihlp Tubantla
j from south America, with Jl.500.ooo In
Greek Secretly Mobilize
All Officers Recalled
Athens, Aug. 7. Greece Is secretly
mobilizing Its troops. AH the officers
were recalled by telegraph today.
THREE NEGROES LYNCHED.
Monroe. La.. Aug. 7. Two negroes
charged with being Implicated in the
murder of Jaik Madden, an aged store
keeper, were lynched this morning. . A
seventeen ear-old negro boy was lynch
ed yesterday In connection with the same
Sundav Aue. 9. Baltimore ami Ohio.
lerfvlntr Washington la a. m and At
lantic 6 00 p. m. Kree transfer In Phila
delphia included. Grand opportunity to
visit America's greatest seashore re
sort. Children half fare. Ady.
port of the Belgians.
"The French are
the crv that
ran:: alone the
Liege fortifications tonight. There
is wild enthusiasm over the con
tinued victories of the Belgians.
The events before Liege are considered
as merelx the raisins of the curtain, and
that Belgium once more will be the
country where the destinies of Europe
I!1 be decided.
Train. Tlrlnc Wnnncted.
Train n1l.l wl,i. - . - . .
"" -uunuco. aaa rngvUTe
noncomoatants are arriving here hourly
rmm iw. .-j .. .
Irom I-"f and neighboring town ,v.
the bat,I(. n( s s lowna ""
Though 1. ,
inougn in good spirits th Rlria.
,r, rxt,.u.tra fr ,' J J
exnausted from their fifty hours of
Fr,nch w, b(. welconlM
Noncombatants arriving say they saw
Germans mown down by hundreds in
lrmt ot ,he ,r",ch" and uninnt.
by thf KUn mnd Titlt flre of the BeIfUnj
, ... ric repiacca dj- others who crawled
j forward like weasels.
In certain rlnre m t. ,..!
,h ,.,, . "suung zone
I ground was coered with dead th
1 ourlal of which, it was said will i,v.
at least a week.
Kcrmau Lnitta 2.1,000.
Twenty-five thousand Germans out ol
a total force of 50.000 before Liege have
fallen in three das' continuous fighting
Three entire regiments of fhlans. crack
cavalrymen, have been completely de-
,.w. ne cracx regiments
iii,i. .irniy corps were
Diown to pieces by mines.
A battalion of the Tenth attempted
.to cros a zone which had h. i .
-Vldway in their charge the mines were
exploded. Vast clouds of earth rose In
the air and high above them the bodies
of men and horses killed instantly by
the blast. When quiet settled again
over the scene almost every man In th
battalion was dead. Twelve hundred
wounded Germans were carried from the
tield b the Belgians.
At the height of the furious bombard
ment of the forts a. German aeroplane
soared over Liege and dropped bomb
Into the streets-. Thirty persons were
killed In the explosions and as many
The city of Liege is on fire in half a
dozen places. The Palace of Justice and
the magnificent Cathedral of St. Paul
are among the buildings blazing.
By a ruse early today the Belgians
drew the Germans Into a trap and thefi
shot them down like cattle. -They made
a show of eracuatinz: the out.,- e
tresses. The Germans pressed into the.
gap. Thereupon the Belgians closei
CO.NTINLEtJ ON rAUB THBEE.
Hotel Woode'ock. Neve Tork Cttr.
Comfort Without Extravagance. j