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WASHINGTON, D. a, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, - 13.15.
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ASKED BY LANSING TO
Premier Suggests Convention for Settlement
of Boundary Disputes and Against Ship
ment of Arms to Revolutionists.
ARBITRAL COURT NEXT MOVE
Believed Public Opinion Aroused at Scientific Congress Will
Lead to Union for Protection of Western Hemisphere
From Over Seas Political Aggression.
Br Joseph r. xvyitt.
A practical application of political pan-Americanism lias been of
ficially suggested by this government to the American republics.
For this suggestion the second Pan-American Scientific Congress
has offered the background, and Latin-American delegates to the con
enlion, leaders of enlightened public opinion in their states, arc ex
pected to furnish the motive power which will insure success to the
Secretary of State Lansing yesterday sent forward to the American
republics, through their diplomatic representatives, a suggestion that all
become signatories to a convention obligating them to the submission
to arbitration of all Iwundary disputes after a certain date; and, second,
to the prohibition of shipments of munitions of war to revolutionaries.
To give this suggestion voice and ef
fect in tlie American States, an organiza
tion has been perfected for a pan-American
institute of international law, par
ticipated in by international law Insti
tutes of the pan-American republics, for
the iur-oe of building up a structure
of ij'.ernatlonal law for the western
world, accepted and insisted upon by
Iieopks enlightened as to their rights and
duties under International justice and
Ti.c acceptance of Secretary Lansing's
prorosal U expected to be followed by
t.i" cicatiun of a. pan-American arbitral
court to apply to the intercourse of na
tians of tin- western hemisphere the code
of international law compiled by the
l.iUitutr. I'rom the educational propa
ganda of the institute is expected to grow
a r.icai,urcor .support by the peoples or
all the AniTunn States which will lil
ies' tho arbitral court with the prestige
o. u p.-jitlca' t. ion for the protection
of the interests of this hcmisphen fioni
jiul ti -al assrescixn from ocr sea".
These developments, which 'were
r. ic'ullv planned for a time when
tin might be furnished with the
r,rti;Tf of im-1i a background as Is
c tnnllnl hi' flio Pan. Ain.rlrnll I'mi- f
j.-icy. mark the first big advance in
what I'm-lilcnt Wilson and his advisors
In pe will furnish the foundation stone
or n permanent foreign policy for the
I nited State".
Tli ,,nr,s t lisllfrffl into r-l
, - .... ..
ISlCIIti; JJ IIIC I'UUIIl, lAJli.iiriuii vfc
thli hope in the address of Secretary
of State l-anslnff. The stsfona of the
section devoted to International law I
mo-ting witii the Ameriijii Institute
of Internationa; I.aw were planned Willi
tins in view. Tlie hope wjs epesecI
b Secretary Lmsinj; when he applied
to pan-American Interests the motto of
Dumas' musketeeis. "One for all, all
Urfrliir AKaltlM Hall
While it Is the hope that a .-odiheation
of inteniation.il law. participated In by
all American republics, will furnish rules
of national right conduct for ilie entire
woild. the primary aim is to furnish Eu
ropean nations with a clear and lgorous
warning as to th-Ir rights and duties the
imasion of which would be resented by
united public opinion in this continent.
"A defense of the smalt nation against
the bully" was the characterization
gien such a code by llllliu Root in an
address to the joint meeting of the In
ternational law section of the congress,
the American Society of International
Ijiw. and the American Institute of In
ternational I.aw, jesterday. Mr. Root
agreed with Simon Ii Baldwin, former
Governor of Connecticut, that such a
codilicatioii should be intrusted to schol
ars, unrestrained governments, and when
finished should be submitted to the I to
pics of the world for approval.
II nil J- Should ot Escape.
Mr. Root said In part:
"Are the small nations of the earth to
continue? Is it to be any longer possible
for the little people to maintain their in
dependence? That Is a serious question
with many of us In this Joint meeting
of the subsection G of the Society of the
Pan-American Congress and the Ameri
can Society. The large naUons can take
caro of themselves by the exercise of
power, if they are willing to be armed
to the teeth always, but tne small coun
trieswhat are they to do?
the protection of law I And there is no
protectldn in law unless the law be made
There Is no protection for them but
clear and definite and certain, so that
a great bully cannot escape it without
ruuninsr Into the condemnation of that
law. So I bay that every dictate of
humanity should lead us to urge for
ward that process by which In Its better
moments mankind may be .Jed to agree
to the setting up of clear and definite
and distinct rules of right conduct for
the control of the great nations in their
dealings with the small and weak.
"Of course. In every country thcie are
COJCriKDSD ON FAGS TW0.
Buchanan Going to New York
Without Service of Ar
ADVISED BY HIS CONGRESS
COLLEAGUES NOT TO RESIST
Expected to Plead Not Guilty and May
Be Released on His Own
1, Arrangements were made yesterday
afternoon by which Representative
Frank Buchanan, of Illinois, will go
to New York, of his own volition, to
answer the indictment returned there
connecting him with pro-German ac
ticlty. Assistant District Attorney
Archer, in charge of the matter here,
said last night that no warrant would
be served on Representative Buchanan,
but that he would appear before the
New York court on his own motion.
Arrangements were also made for the
appearance here today before United
States Commissioner TaIor. of former
Representative It. Robert Fowler,
Henry 1!. Martin and Herman Schul-
indictcd with Representative
Buchanan. They will plead not guilty
to the Indictment, and will give bond
'or tllelr appearance in New York.
Cunfm with Collrairaea,
The warrants were placed in the
hands of the Department of Justice
etterday. Several conferences among
the accused men and their legal ad
icrs were held Representative
Itaincy. of Illinois, advised with Rep
resentatie Buchanan and later con-
,Prre" ",ln """"i norney gen
eral roua, w no nanaied tne matter for
the Department of Justice. After con
ferring with Mr. Todd. Representative
Rainey announced that no warrant
would he served on Representative
Buchanan. Representative Buchanan
later conferred with Representative
Rainey and with former Represent
ative Fowler, Henry B. Martin and
It was learned that Representative
Buchanan is prepared to go to New
York today. He is also expected to
plead not guilty. It is understood he
will be released either on his own
recognizance or on a nominal bail
Advised to Waive nisbtn.
It was also understood here last
night that Representative Buchanan
was being urged by the .other defend
ants to stand upon his Constitutional
prerogative and resist arrest. Mem
bers of the House, however, advised
him to waivo any rights he might
have and to appear in answer to the
indictment voluntarily and without
the service of the bench warrant
Issued for him.
Representative Buchanan took the
position earlier In the day that he
would freely go to New- York If he
could be assured that he would not
be delaved there, and that the case
would not interfere with the impeach
ment charges which he has filed in
the House against District Attorney
II. Snowdcn Marshall.
SHELLS HIT KING'S PALACE.
tlnuiin Warehlpa Bombard A arna
and Traka. Bulgarian Turin.
SpccUl Cable to Tne Washington BttiU
London. Dec. SO. A Reuter dispatch
from Athens says it is seml-officlally
announced there that Varna, the prin
cipal Bulgarian port on the Black Sea.
and Traka have been bombarded b
Russian warships. -King Ferdinand's
palace at Varna was hit by shells. '
The semi-official statement nlro
says that German troop from StrMa
art, being concentrated at rarna
. Earriag Lett tad Fewd
Hot Springs. V.. Dec 30.
Mrs. William K. Vanderbflt
shared honors with President
Wilson and his bride in furnish
ing excitement for the visitors
here today by losing a pel ear
ring, valued at $10,000. on the
golf links. Almost the entire
population, except the Presi
dential couple, took part in the
hunt for the gem. The ear
ring was picked up near the
twelfth hole on the links just be
fore sundown by Adam Green, a
Mrs. Vanderbilt was covering
the course in a match game with
Mrs. Joseph Harriman when she
discovered her loss. She re
turned immediately to the hotel
and posted a reward of $500.
BANDITS KILL 2;
THIRD MAY DIE
Daring Attack on Brewing
Company's Office at South
MANAGER WITH HANDS UP
IS SHOT DEAD BY ROBBER
Murderers Had Demanded Money But
Flee Without Attempting to
Rob the Safe.
Sreeul to Tne Wuhlnftoa Herald.
South Bend, Ind., Dec SO. Henry Mues
set, general manager of the Muessel
Brewing Company, and hU chauffeur,
Frank Chroabot, were instantly killed
and William Muessel. secretary of the
company, was. It is believed, fatally In
jured by two masked bandits who entered
the office of the company shortly before
S o'clock thla evening. The police have
a slight clew to the Identity of the mur
According Jo Robert Muessel, IS- ear
old son of Walter Muessel, president of
the company, who was bound and gassed
by the bandits, the robbers boldly enter
ed, the office and demanded that the safe
be opened. Chrosbot was standing outside
the office door, and ho was called to
throw up his hands. He refused, and one
of the men fired at him point blank, the
bullet passing through his mouth.
Shot While Hands Were L'p.
With guns leveled at the Muessel broth
ers the men entered the vault room and
told them to give them all the money.
Henry Muessel put up his hands and told
them to take the money. Robert Muessel
savs that in spite of this the bandits fln-d
at Henry, killing him instantly. Tl-ey
then turned the gun on William, who put
up a fight. He was shot in the stomach
and was taken to the hospital uncon
scious. His condition Is serious.
The bandits ordered Robert Muessel
into another room, and when he compiled
they bound and gagged him. They did
not stop to rob the safe, but fled west in
Michigan avenue. Robert escaped and
notitled the polite of the murder.
John Wroblcwskl. 1 5 ears old. saw the
men lftaving the place. They leveled a
gun at hlin and ordered him out of the
To Quit Sing Sing
Warden Under Indictment
Asks for Indefinite Leave
farecul to Tbe Wubingtoa HeraM.
Albany. Dec. 3U. Thomas M. Osborne
surrendered at midnight tonight the
wardenship of Sing Sing Prison. Ills
own counsel finally advised him he should
set out. Tomorrow, Prof. George W.
Kirchwey will lie appointed in his place.
Mr. Osborne was allowed to go on an
indefinite leave of absence.
Xlr. Osborne's letter to Supt. of Prisons
Riley which received the approval or
Gov. Whitman reads as follows:
"As you arc doubtless aware the de
liberations of the grand Jusy of West
chester County has resulted In two In
dictments being found against me. It la
obvious that the adequate preparedness
of my defense will make It necessary
to be away from the prison for a con
siderable length of time. I therefore ask
that I may be allowed leave of absence
until the final disposition of these in
dictments which I will do all in my
power to hasten. I therefore ask that
some satisfactory person be designated
to preform the duties of agent and
warden during my leave of absence."
Air. Osborne said to friends tonight lie
expected to be reinstated if ho la
Sailing Ship Sinks a Submarine.
Paris, "Dec 50. A 1 lavas News-Agency
dispatch from Ccttinje, capital of Monte
negro, reports that an Austrian sub-'
marine has been sunk In the Adriatic
off Sau Giovanni di Medua. at Banla. by
a Montenegrin sailing ship which, waa
armed with a camion.
SUNK BY ALLIES
AS FLEETS MEET
New Destroyers Lika and
Triglav Sent to Bottom
MINE BLOWS ONE TO BITS
Austrian Vessels Had Steamed
From Cattaro When the
ON WAY TO BOMBARD DURAZZO
Turn and Flee to Their Base Pursued
by Victors Sunken Ships
Sptriil C(ble to Tt Wlrblnrtoa lltnld.
Paris. Dec. 30. Two Austrian destroy
ers were sunk In the Adriatic Sea off Du-
razzo. one by allied warships and the
other by a mine. They were the Lika
and the Triglav.
An Austrian fleet which had steamed
from Cattaro met a fleet of allied war
ships off Durazzo.
The IJka struck a mine and sank and
the Triglay was destrojed by the guns of
the allied war Meet.
The other Austrian ships escaped.
Official announcement of the destruc
tion of the destroyers was made by the
French admiralty today.
The following official communique was
"An Austrian naval division which had
made a sortie from Cattaro for the pur
pose of bombarding Durazzo came upon
a squadron of allied ships off the port
and ltd. The Austrian Jettroyer I.lka
struck a mine and was sunk. The
destrovcr Triglav. of the same type, wna
sent to the bottom by the allied war
ships. The remainder of the Austrian
ships fled to their base, pursued by the
Both r Vnaels.
The destroyer Triglav. was built In 1913.
displaced 757 tons and was : feet long.
She was one of the newest of the Aus
trian destroyers, had a speed of S.S
knots and carried a crew of about ninety
men. She carried two eighteen-inch tor
pedo tubes. slx clevcn-pounders and two
three and nine-tenths-inch gunt.
The Lika. like the Triglav, Is one of six
new destrovers put Into service by Aus
tria shortly before the beginning of tho
war. She was of the same type.
Presumably Itnllan and French war
ships participated In the naval battle.
French war craft have been partoling
the Adriatic since the outbreak of
Citizens of U. S.
Held in Vienna
Birth and Naturalization Pa
pers Demanded Relief
Asked by Lansing.
Negotiations are under way to ar
range for the safe conduct home of
Americans In Austria and Germany
holding passports, but who are unable
to return because they do not have
certificates of birth or naturalization
papers with them.
Ambassador Penfleld advised the
State Department yesterday that the
German consulate at Vienna had re-
Lfused to vise passports for Americans
wishing to go to Germany unless they
submitted their birth certllicatcs or
naturalization papers, lie said Amer
icans were being detained In Vienna
on that account, but he had taken the
matter up with the German Embassy
wlth a view to having the regula
Announcement was made that the
department has taken the matter up
directly" with the foreign offices at
Berlin and Vienna for temporary re
lief of the situation. Baron Kwledi
nek. charge of the Austrian Kmbassy
here, discussed the subject with Coun
selor rolfc, of tho State Department,
As the ' practice of obtaining birth
certificates has never before been re
quired, and aa American citizens are
not In the habit of getting such cer
tificates, officials here regard the re
quirements Imposed as prohibitive.
"Movie" Man Foiled in Clever Attempt
To "Get" President and Bride at Golf
Special t Th- Waihinstou Herald
Hot Springs. Va., Dec .30. An enter
prising "movie" man, unabashed by pre
vious, rebuffs of Secret Service men. got
a distinct shock today In a cleverly de
vised attempt to "get" President Wil
son arid Mrs. Wilson while they were
playing a round ot solf.
j The camera expert, with his apparatus.
had quietly secreted himself beneath the
floor of a cabin, located Just off tho goir
course, andTiad ever) thing In readiness
to get a dandy reel or two of the Presi
dent and his bride as they were playing
at tho fifteenth bole. .
While Gayety Reigns, the
Churches Will Be Holding
Watch Night Services.
CAFE TABLES. RESERVED
Hotels Plan Festivities to Mark
Coming of the New
EXERCISES PLANNED BY MISSIONS
Many-toned Chimes From Belfrys and
Factory Whistles Will Announce
Death and Birth of Years.
In I heir separate spheres and In their
separate ways, the people of Washington,
Janus-faced, as it were. tonUht will keep
wlde-ejed vigil to watch retrospectively
the passing of a dead year and to greet
with hopefulness and happiness the
dawning of a new twelvemonth. V
In churches and In cafes, on the streets
and In homes, the residents of the Capital
will gather to say the rites over the
dead and to welcome the birth of the
Cafe Itraervaflons Sold Ont.
Paeans of praise In thankfulness for a
ear cf prosperity and happiness ana
In hopefulness tor a year of still greater
blessings will Issue from altar and pulpit,
while in cafes and restaurants the lilting
music or orchestras will vie with the
revelries of the diners for ascendancy.
From church belfreys many-toned chimes
will sound, while factories on the out
skirts of the city, will let .lose weird
and unearthly blasts from their slant
whistles. And in the downtown section
of the city the streets will be crowded
with merrymakers, jangling bells, toot
ing horns, shrieking themselves hoane.
and Juet having a large time.
Nearly all the hotels have arranged
for brilliant festivities. Reservations
have been .sold out at vlrtuallr all of
the cafes. At the Raltlgn. 'Continental.
and other hotels, and at Harvey's there
will be dancing and special entertain
ment ftaturts. The New Ubbltt will have
a supptr dc luxe, with s-pectai music
bv two stringed orchestras. The New
Wlllrd and the Shorcham and other
hostclries will celebrate In gala stvle.
Diners will be furnished with souvenir
papr caps, which they will wear in glee
while the revelry Is at its height
Will llrrfltr at Mlulon.
At the New Wlllard. a supper dc luxe
will be served at llo'clock. .Music wilt
be furnished by the Mejer-Davis orches
tra of more than twenty-tlve pieces. Both
before and after the supper there will
be dancing in both ballrooms of the
hotel. Decorations will be unique and
there will be special souvenirs for the
The celebration at the Shorcham will
commence at 11 o'clock and continue un
til : o'clock in the morning. There will
be dancing and a special musical pro
gram by Meyer N. Goldman and his or
chestra. Watch-night services will be held In
scores of the churches, commencing an
hour or two before midnight. The vigil
In the New York Avenue Freibvtcrian
church will commence at II o'clock. There
will be a musical and responsive service
and a seven-minutes' sermon upon "The
Last Hour." The service will close with
the singing of Gounod's "Ring Out Wild
BelK" by Mrs. Shlr-CIirf.
Old-fashioned watch-night services will
be conducted at Metropolitan ' M. E.
Church, Rev. Dr." James Shera Montgom
ery, pastor, officiating. Services will be
gin promptly at 3 o'clock.
One Service In tSexmon.
Immanuel Baptist Church will conduct
m.trh-nlzht services, commencing at S
o'clock, with a social hour from 3:30
until H o'clock.
Watch-night servicer at Fifth Baptist
r-h.irh will commence at 10 o'clock.
Rev. John U. Brings, pastor, will preside.
Appropriate addrcses will be made by
r... Ir T. W. Atkinson. Kev. uv.
George .Green, returned medical mis
sionary from Afrl-a: Rev. . S. Dun
inn raster of Kendall Baptist Church.
and Rev. T. E. Davis, pastor of West
minister Presbyterian Church. Music
will be furnished by the Fifth Baptist
CONTINUED O.N PAGE TWO.
One or the guards detected the opera
tor, and rushing over to the cabin sup
pressed the stunt Just as the operator
was prepared to grind out the film.
He was warned not to repeat the of
fense. The roll of films waa confiscated
to innke" sure that no views were ob
tained. The attention of the President and his
wife was diverted for a few moments
from the play by the wild spurt of the
Secret Service man, as lie sped oft the
course In the direction of the cabin,
and they were much nmusd when the
guard returned later with the story ot
wbst bad baptsned.
Pilau Dtcrm New Teal's
Eve Mwt BeJSafe ud Sum
Hie people of Washington
mutt celebrate New Year's Eve
in a safe aad sane way tonight.
The order went out last night
from the office of Maj. Ray
mond Wl Pullman, superinten
dent of police, and the major is
determined to damp the lid
Rowdyism of all types will be
"Firing of revolvers" will be
One hundred extra policemen
will be on duty to see that the
revelers don't run away with the
And a special force will keep
vigil to see that no liquor is sold
after closing time and that no
drinks are served to intoxicated
Great Battle Is in Progress
BIG ARMIES HURLED AGAINST
FOE AT DIFFERENT POINTS
Winter Campaign Said to Be Under
taken to Enable a Juncture With
Sprcul Citle to The Wuhinttoo Herald.
AVIIUW,,. mv. WV. - AfeliltllA. J til.WI
matlon from various sources
that a great battle Is In progress on the
southern part of the Russian front, the
most important action for many months.
Although the official reports state
merely that the battle Is proceeding,
Petrograd critics regard the situation u
the most interesting that has developed
on that battle line. The outcome ot,the
gigantic straggle now In progress-they
say, will be a complete ihange in the
military positions there, and probably
within a few da.
There is nothing to indicate definitely
the outcome of the great battle, although
such German and Austrian reports as
have been received assert that all the
Russian attacks have been repulsed.
Rnnslan Attack Continue.
Russian attacks against the Austro
German positions on the Bessarabian
frontier continue, however. The Russian
offensive began north of Toporoutr where
the Russians are attempting to advance
between the Pruth and Toporoutx forest.
The Russians have begun another offen
sive on the Dniester. Troops arc being
masked also near Tarnopol In Eastern
The Russian offensive has been un
dertaken at the beginning of what
promises to be the most severe winter
which Russia has experienced for sev
eral years. This is taken here to be
a clear Indication of Its Importance as
bearing upon the war situation as a
Konmanta to Help.
In explanation of this mysterious
movement, the I'all Mall Gazette
prints the following from its Petro
"Russian Joint operations with Rou
mania are on the point of beginning.
Roumania will fight with us. although
not for us. Her siding with the en
tente Is not the result of French or
English sympathies, but an endeavor
to realize the Roumanian dream of
sovereignty over Bulowlna and Tran
sylvania "As preparation for Roumania's en
try into the war, Russia's aim is to
reconquer Bukowlna. for the benefit
of her new ally. This task can be ac
complished In a few weeks.
"The Roumanians will then fortify
the new province and march with the
Russians through Bulgaria and Tran
sylvania, while simultaneously the
Italians, French, British and Serbians
will deal blows on other fronts."
EXPECT A GERMAN DRIVE.
llcar Ilc-caforccnicnta Said to
Arriving In Heljtlam.
hTul Cable to Tbe Washington Herald.
The Hague, Dec. 30. Germany Is said
to be making preparations for a big
drive on the west front.
According to Information from Belgium
A IVVi vA.infr. Ii.nl. rm arlvln. rltllfv
,.... ,t ... Icaptured. to the British colonial office,
at certain points. Eighty thousand freshi w .....
troops have arrived on the Arras front
together with enormous quantities of
ammunition. A heavy mass of artillery
Is being concentrated at Tournal.
All Inhabitants are being ordered out
of the zone.
SATS KAISER SEEKS PEACE.
f r-elal Cable to The "A'aiilnjton Urnld.
London. Dec. 3U. A dispatch from
Zurich to the Central News sas It Is
reported that Kaiser Wllhelm wrote to
a member of the government asking him
n.nvm.nt l,VI. l.n .
The source of the report Is not known
and there is no connrmatlon-
. ... . .
AUDI KIA AUKU2? Wl 1 H
U. S. "IN PRINCIPLE,"
SECOND NOTE AVOWS
Ship is Sunk; Vienna Says, Bat Points
Out That Ancona Was Fleeing.
U. S. ACTED ON "SUPPOSITION"
Austrian Document, at Great Length, Seeks to Justify Sub
marine Commander's Action and Place Blame for
Loss of Life on Ancona's Crew.
Special Cable t The Waaalagtaa Herald.
London, Dec 31 (Friday). The reply of the Austrian governmeni
to the second American note on the sinking of the steamship Ancona
with the loss of American lives, is forwarded to Renter's Telegram
Company from Vienna by way of Amsterdam. The note says :
"In reply to the second American Ancona note the Austro-Hungarian
government fully agrees with the Washington Cabinet that the sacred
laws of humanity should be taken into account also in war, and em
phasizes that it, in the course of this war, has given numerous proofs
of the most humane feelings.
AGREES WITH UNITED STATES Iff PKINCIFLE.
"The Austro-Hungarian government, too, can positively concur in
the principle that enemy private vessels, so far as they do not flee or
offer resistance, shall not be destroyed before the persons aboard are
"The assurance tliat the United States I the foremost cargo bold of the An-
government attaches value to the main
tenance of the existing good relations be
tween Austria-Hungary and tbe United
States is warmly reciprocated by the Austro-Hungarian
government, which now.
as heretofore Is anxious to render these
relations still more cordial."
The Austro-Hungarian government then
i , 1
Into the sinking of the Ancona. which
was recently concluded.
The Inquiry showed that the commander
of the submarine, from a great distance
In the first Instance, flred a warning shot
on the steamer, sighted at -ll:tO in the
forenoon, which he at first believed to be
a transport steamer, at the'samr- time
givin? a-signal for the vessel to caiA.
the steamer failed to stop, and tried
to escape, the submaln gave chase and
fired sixteen shots at the steamer, of
which three were observed to hit.
The steamer stopped only after the
third hit. whereupon the commander
Dropped l.lfrkoata While Fleelnc
Already during the flight. It Is declared,
when at full speed the steamer dropped
boats filled with people, which at once
capsized. After the steamer stopped, the
commander of the submarine observed
that six boats were fully manned, and
they speedily rowed away from the
Approaching nearer, the commander of
the submarine saw that a great panic
prevailed aboard the steamer and that he
had before him the passenger vessel An
cona on account of which he gave those
aboard more time than was necessary to
leave the vessel In lifeboats.
'At least ten lifeboats were sUHl
aboard, which would have more than
sufficed to rescue the persons still on
the vessel. But as no other prepara
tions were made to hoist out the
boats, the commander decided, after
the expiration of forty-five minutes,
to torpedo the essel In such a Tuan-
ner that It ought to remain afloat for
a still longer time, in order to leave
sufficient opportunity for the people
still aboard to be rescued.
Shortly afterward a steamer be
came visible, which steamed toward
the submarine. As the commander ot
the submarine, who believed the
steamer to be an enemy cruiser, had
to reckon with an attack, he sub
merged at 12:35, firing a torpedo into
BRITISH DENY CHARGES
OF GERMAN PRISONERS
Men and Women Were Not Subjected
to Insults of Black Troops in
Africa, Says Statement.
The British Embassy last night Issued
a voluminous pamphlet containing all
the correspondence relating to the Brit
lh government's Investigation into the
alleged 'ill-treatment of German subjects
captured in the Cameroon, in Africa, In
September. 1914. and removed to prison
camps in England. V
The charges are set forth in a lengthy
letter ot complaint from Lieut. Otto
Wleneke. German Imperial district com
missioner of Duals, who was among those
stating that money and other effects of
the prisoners were stolen from them, and
men and women! subjected to the insults
ot the black troops guarding them. The
reports of the Various British officers in
volved contain categorical denials of most
of the charges.
Tire Explodes; Two Hurt.
Two 'men, E. L. Graham and his son.
Loving Graham, of 4 Glrard street
northwest, were Injured yesterday
when an automobll tire exploded.
They were remoTlnB a tlra from their
automobile at Fourteeain ana K
Stre nOrUWHl W11B IB. IUU1UB
burst. Bits ol rubber, torn By tne
explosion, cut Mr. Oraham's face. In
many places. wh!U th aoa'alac was
iU. r v &
Securecl Before Enemy 1
cona. No more boats aboard the ves
sel were lowered, although persons
were still visible aboard.
The steamer sank so slowly that the
submarine commander at first doubted
whether the steamer would sink. Only
at 1:3) o'clock did It sink, bow first.
During these further forty-tUe minutes.
I. I J 1.
have easily been saved with the avail
able boats. From the circumstances that
this did not occur the commander con
cluded that the crew, contrary to alt the
rules of the seas, accomplished their
own rescue in the first boats and left tbe
nauMiawp. a.. Hi,m..li
The "entire ltua of life, tbe note set
(.toxtl.. cannot be attributable in tho tlrst
Instance to the sinking of the vessel.
but In some degree to the dropping ot
tbe first boats while the steamer was
proceeding at full speed and to the fact
that the crew thought only of their own
safety and did not rescue the passengers
from the capsized boats, though also tu
the shells which hit the fleeing' essel.
Crcir Rraponalhle for Death.
But the death of tho persona drowneu
with the .Inking vessel must, above all.
I ascribed to the "culpable behavior" ot
The Anstnan reply then states that the
American note in several points is based
on incorrect suppositions, and describes
as incorrect that a shell was at once
fired, that the submarine, on pursuit,
overtook the steamer: that only a short
time was allowed for those aboard to
enter the boats, and that several shots
were fired on the steamer even after It
The commander of the submarine, the
note continues, allowed the steamer more
time than was necessary for the pas
sengers to take to the boat", and then
torpedoed tne vessel In suih a manner
that it would remain afloat .1 long as
possible, to enable the passengers to dis
embark "an object which would have
been ootalned If the passengers had not
been forsaken by the crew."
The Austrian note, while announcing,
the willingness of the Austro-llunirinii
government to pay an Indemnity for the
American victims of the Ancona. declares
that the government "cannot admit re
sponsibility for damace caused b the
Juslinable firing on the fleeing vessel, or
by the capsl-.ng of the boats before the
torpedo was tired."
RULE OF SUCCESSION
CHANGED BY CARRANZA
Suspended Constitutional Provision!
Are Restored Foreign Minister
Next to President.
In preparation of his at-sumptiun ul
the title of provisional president of Mex
ico, Gen. Vcnustlano I'arranza has Is
sued a decree changing the rule of suc
cession. During the period of the revolution
the. constitutional provisions were sus
pended by the Carranzlstag. and the reg
ulation provided that In case of the
death or removal of the de facto head
of the government, tho authority would
be transferred to the military leader
next in command. Under the new de
cree the constitutional provision la re
stored and succession to the provisional
presidency would go to the minister of
According to officials of the Carranxa
agency. Carranxa win assume the pro
visional presidency as soon as the typua
plague conditions improve in Mexico
City and he can feet safe in going to
Yeaixelof Wtnw Greece.
Athena via Paris. Dee. Jo. "I don't
want to be a prophet of evil but 1
strongly fear that before we celebrate
our centenary oar independence trill have
been attacked by Bulgaria." said former
Premier Venlseloe in addressing & dapaa.
tatlon of business men today.